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SUBJECT-INDEX 



TO THE 



CATALOGUE OF THE LIBRARY 



OP 



THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS^ 



A-L. 



LONDON: 

GBEAT GEORGE STREET, WESTMINSTER, S.W* 
[TiLiORAMS, " Inshtuhon, London." txlephonb, "Wbsticinstbr, 5i."j 

1904. 



LONDON : 

FRINTBD BT WHLUU CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED, 

DUKE STREET, STAM70BD STBEET, &B., AND QSEAT WINDMILL STREET, W. 



< 



cJ 



PEEFACE. 



The present Index forms a key to the subject-matter of the books, 
pamphlets, etc., enumerated in the Author-Catalogue of the Library 
published in 1895 ; and the references are to that Catalogue. When 
the heading referred to is the name of an Author, the date of his 
publication in question is added for the sake of precision, e,g, : — 

ABGHES. 

Treatise on the Oblique Arch. Nicholson (P.), 1846. 



^ When the reference is to such a heading as Anonymous, Periodical 

^ Publications, or Pabliamentaby and State Papebs, or to an other 

extensive heading (e.^., India, London, etc.), the page in the Author- 
Catalogue is added, with the same object ; thus — 



h BRIDGES (Railway). 

Bridges to carry a single line of Railway over an occupation road. 

Anonymous, p. 41. 

CANALS (Pabtioular). 

Calcutta Eastern Canals. India, 1888, p. 99. 

The abbreviations " Add." and " App." prefixed to a page-number 
refer respectively to the Addenda and the Appendix printed at the 
end of the third volume of the Author-Catalogue. 



137478 



CATALOGUE OF THE LIBRARY 



OF 



THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS. 



SUBJECT-INDEX. 

(to DECEMBER, 1894) 



A— L, 



ABATTOIRS, See Slaughter Houses. 

ACCIDENTS. 

Associations pour prevenir les Accidents du travail. Colne, 1891. 
Bridges. Liege. Causes of the Accident at the Foot Bridge 
between the Rue Regence and the Boulevard Sancy. 

Kraft and Libert, 1881. 
— St. Charles Bridge Disaster, Nov. 8, 1879. Testimony at 
the Coroner's Inquest. Yonge (S. H.). 

Cables in Mines, breaking of. Aguillon, 1881. 

Catastrophe at Zug, 5 July, 1887. Heine, &c. 

Chimney Disaster, Cleckheaton. Report. 

Yorkshire Boiler Insurance, &c., 1892. 
Factoiy and Workshop Employees, 1889. 

Paruamentary .. Papers, p. 464 
Machinery^ Protection of Life from Casualties. 

Watson (WilUam), 1879. 

r Return of Accidents caused by Circular Saws and other 

Machinery used in Woodwork. 1887. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 486. 
Mills. Report on fall of Templeton Mill, at Greenhead, Glasgow. 

Templeton Mills, 1890. 
Mines. Report of Select Committee, 1835. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 487. 

VOL. I. B 



2 ▲CCIDBNT8 — ADDRBSSBS. 

ACCIDENTS— continued. 

Mines. Report of Commissioners, 1881-86. 

Pabliamentabt . . Papers, p. 487. 

Mining Accidents, 1889. Pabliamentary .. Papers, p. 464. 

Summaries of Fatal Accidents, 1893. 

Pabliamentabt . . Papers, p. 487. 

See Mixbs (Explosions). 

Oil (Mineral) Lamps. Reports. Pabliamentabt . . Papers, p. 492. 

Potentite. Factory at Conscough Bridge, Lanes. 

CoNscouGH Bridge, 1885. At Melling, Melling, 1882. 

Railway Servants. Pabliamentabt . . Papers, p. 464. 

Sea. Reform of Maritime Police. Lossignol, 1860. 

See also Coal Mines (Accidents). Explosions. Railways 
(Accidents). 

ACCUMULATORS. See Electbicitt (Secondary Batteries). 

ACOUSTICS (Genebal). 

Babbett (W. F.), 1869; Chladni, 1809; Labdneb, 1874; 

Webbb (Wilhelm), 1892-94. 

Theoretical Donkin (W. F.), 1870. 

Public Buildings. Lachez, 1848. 

See also Sound. 

ADDRESSES. Academy of Science, St. Louis. Eads, 1872. 

American Association. Babkeb (G. F.), 1882. 

American Gas Light Association. 

Fobstall, 1883 ; Hickenloopeb, 1882. 

American Society of Civil Engineers. 

Chanute, 1891 ; Mc Alpine, 1868. 

Amsterdam, Congress, 1879. Chad wick (Sir E.), 1879, p. 235. 
Arundel Society. Exhibition of works of art, 1855. 

Wyatt (M. D.). 
Association of Municipal and Sanitary Engineers and Surveyors. 

GoBDON (J.), 1887. 
Association of Public Sanitary Inspectors. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1884, p. 234 

Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science. 

, Bell (C. K), 1892; Russell (H, C), 1886. 

Bombay Mechanics' Institution. Bebkley (J. J.), 1857. 

Boston Society of Civil Engineers. Fitzgebald (D.), 1889. 

British Association. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1890 ; 

AiBY (Sir G. B.), 1851, p. 15 ; Abmstbong, 1881 ; Bbamwell, 

1888 ; Fobbes (J. D.), 1834 ; Hawkshaw, 1885 ; Mubchison, 

1846; Siemens, 1869, 1882; Whbwell, 1833. 

— — Mathematical and Physical Science Section. 

Spottiswoodb (W.), 1865. 



ADDBB8SE8. 3 

ADDRESSES— epnhViuetl. 

British Association. Mechanical Science Section. Baker (Sir B.), 
1885 ; Bidder, 1868 ; Bramwell, 1872 ; rROUDE(W.), 1876 ; 

Head (J.), 1893. 

British Association of Gas Managers, 1870. Ohren. 

California University. Inauguration. 

California University, 1893. Add 490. 

Cardiff Naturalists' Society. Price (P.), 1884. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineers' Society. Adams (H.), 1890 ; 

Boyd (R. N.), 1890 ; Brewster (E. H. G.), 1880, 1886 ; 
Driver, 1878; Haughton (B.), 1868; Middleton (R. E.), 

1887, 1888. 

Convention of Agricultural Colleges and Experimental Stations. 

CoLMAN (N. J.), 1885. Add 493. 

Dublin Geological Society. Mallet (R.), 1847. 

Dudley and Midland Geological Society. Murchison, 1842. 

Engineering and Scientific Society of King's College, London. 

Worms (BL), 1860. 

Engineers' Club of Cincinnati Bouscaren, 1889 ; 

Merrill, 1888. 

Engineers' Club of Philadelphia. Wilson (Joseph M.), 1889. 

Engineers' Club of St. Louis. Moore (Robert), 1893. 

Ethnological Society of London. Brodie, 1854. 

Gas Institute, London. Newriggixg, 1885. 

Geological Society of London. Delabeche, 1848, &c. ; 

Hopkins (W.), 1852 ; Ltell, 1851 ; Prestwich (J.), 1872. 

Add 529. 

Geologists' Association, London. Woodward (H.), 1873. 

Hull and District Institution of Engineers. Bohn (pr.), 1888. 

Incorporated Association of Municipal and County Engineers. 

Eayrs, 1893. 
Incorporated Gas Institute. Valon (W. A. M.), 1892. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. Cubitt (Sir W.), 1850 ; 

Fowler (Sir J.), 1866 ; Rendel (J. M.), 1854 ; Rennib 
(Sir J.), 1846 ; Simpson (J.), 1854 ; Stephenson (R.), 1856. 

Manchester Students. Yawser (R.), 1887. 

■ Newcastle-on-Tyne Students. 

Harrison (C. A.), 1894. Add. 505. 

'Institution of Civil Engineers of Ireland. Mallet (R.), 1866 ; 

Griffith (J. P.), 1887 ; Stoney (B. B.), 1872. 

Institution of Electrical Engineers. Siemens (A.) 1894. 

Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland. 

Kirk (A C.) 1887. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Armstrong, 1869 ; 

Bramwell, 1874; Tomlinson (J.), 1890; Whitworth 

(Sir J.), 1856. 



% ADDRESSES. 

ADDRESSES— con^inttec?. 

Iron and Steel Institute. Abel (Sir P. A.), 1891 j 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1873, 1874, p. 120 ; Percy (J.), 1885-6- 

Junior Engineering Society. Barry (J. W.), 1893 ; 

HoPKiNSON (J.), 1892. 

Liverpool Engineering Society. Boulnois, 1893. 

Johnston (R. E.), 1893. 

Manchester Association of Employers, Foremen and Draughtsmen. 

ASHBURY, 1883. 

Manchester Geological Society. Dawkins, 1874. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Lowell, 1890. 

Melbourne. Proposed Burke and Wills Group of Statuary. 

Millar (John), 1862. 

Munich. Akademie der Wissenschaften. Pettenkofer, 1890. 

National Convention of Farmers and Gardeners, New York. 

Gardner (D. P.) 1844. 

New Zealand. Progress of Applied Science in Canterbury, N.Z. 

DoBSON (E.), 1880. 

North East Coast Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders. 

Richardson (W.), 1890. 

North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical 
Engineers. Armstrong, 1873; Wood (N.) 1852. 

Norwich Geological Society. Blake, 1880. 

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. 

Wilson (J. M.), 1894, Add 539. 

Royal Academy (Sir Joshua Reynolds) 1786-9 1 . Royal Academy. 

Royal Astronomical Society. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1850, 1854, p. 15 ; 
Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1827, 1828, 1829, 1841, 1849. 

Royal Geographical Society. Grbenough, 1841 ; 

Hamilton (W. R.), 1843. 

Royal Institute of British Architects, 1859. Tite (W.). 

Royal Institution of Cornwall, 1869, 1871. Henwood (W. J.). 

Royal Microscopical Society, 1867-68, 1868-69. Glaisher. 

Royal Society. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1872, p. 15 ; 

Davy (Sir H.) Works, vols. 7 and 8 ; Davy, 1827 ; Gilbert 

(D.), 1827, 1828, and 1830; Northampton, 1839, 1846; 

Sussex (Duke of), 1833-36; Wrottesley, 1856. 

Royal Society of New South Wales. Liversedge, 1888 ; 

Russell (H. C), 1892 ; Warren (W. H.), 1893. 
Royal Society of Victoria. Barkly, 1860. 

Sanitary Institute. Marten (H. J.), 1889 ; 

Rawlinson (Sur R.), 1884, 1890; (Sir Douglas Galton), 

Sanitary Institute, 1892, 

Scottish Society of Arts. Stevenson (D.), 1854. 

• Society of Arts. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1884. 



, ADDRESSES — ADMIRALTY* 5 

ADDRESSES— confontteA 

Society of Engineers. Adams (H.), 1890; Bernats, 1880; 

Church (J.), 1883; Nursey, 1886; Robinson (Prof. H.), 
1887 ; Valon (W. A. M.), 1893 ; Walmisley (A. T.), 1888 ; 

Wilson (Joseph W., Junior), 1892. 

Society of [Civil] Engineers of France. Flachat, 1859, 

Society of Telegraph Engineers and Electricians. 

Adams (W. G.), 1884; Bright (Sir C), 1887; Clark (L.), 

1875 ; Siemens (Sir W.), 1878. 
Sotith Yorkshire Viewers' Association (J. T. Woodhouse). 

South Yorkshire Viewers' Association, 1858. 

Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club, 1855. Sopwith (T.). 

University College, London, 1842. Donaldson (T. L.). 

University College, Liverpool (Walker Engineering Laboratories). 

Coode (Sir J.), 1889. 

University of California. Hager and Holden, 1886. 

Victorian Trades' Hall and Literary Institute, 1860. 

Millar (John). 

Vienna. K.K. technische Hochschule. Oser, 1887. 

Wellington Philosophical Society, 1887. Hutchinson (F. B.). 

Young Men's Christian Association of Baltimore. Garrett, 1883. 

w 

ADMINISTRATION. 

France. Block, 1856. 

India. Annals of Indian Administration. 

Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

British Rule in Hoshiarpur, 1857. India, p. 119. 

Report 1873-74. India, p. 110. 

— Report on the Administration of Bengal, 1871-72. 

India, p. 110. 

Travancore and Cochin Administrative Reports, 1860. 

India, p. 132. 
London. Evils of Disunity in Central and Local Administration. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1885, p. 235. 

Western Australia Legislative Council. Despatches laid before 
and Votes and Proceedings of, during 1871. 

Western Australia, p. 423. 
ADMIRALTY. 

Administration. Admiralty, 1861. 

Admiialty Buildings Extension Scheme. Protest of Institute of 
British Architects, 1888. Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 465. 

Admiralty Reform. Robinson (R. S.), 1886. 

Moneys and Accounts, 1868. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Navy and Ships of War. Statutes. Admiralty, J 742. 

Present State, 187L Parliamentary . . Papers, p: 464. 



6 ADVERTISEMENTS — ^AORICULTURE. 

ADVERTISEMENTS. Advertisers' Guardian, 1885. 

Collins (L.), 1885. 

Advertising Stations (Rating) Act, 1889. Reports. 

Haywood (W.) and Baylis, 1891, p. 36. 

AERIAL NAVIGATION. 

Bruignac, 1875 ; Chanute, 1891 ; Dallet, 1886 ; Derval, 1889 ; 
Fontaine (J. A), 1886 : Graffignt, 1888 ; Hardingham, 
1871 3 Mansfield (C. B. and R. B.), 1877 ; Renucci (J. E.) 

1866; Vaussin-Chardanne, 1858, 1873. 
Aerial Navigation (China). DsLAViLLE-Dedreux, 1863. 

Aerial Locomotion. Murray (G.), 1865. 

Aerial Ship. Courtemanche, 1882. 

Aerostatic Machine with Horizontal Direction. MusY, 1860. 

Angus and Mack on the Air path. Armour, 1877. 

Apparatus (new) for the direction of Aerostats. 

LuzARCHB (L.), 1812. App. 566. 
Application of science to the art of war. Aerostation. 

Wauwbrmans (H.), 1869. 
Attempt at Ottobeuren, 1784. Ottobeuren. 

Birds considered as living aeroplanes. Drzewiecki, 1889. 

Dynamic Flight. Wechmar, 1888. 

Experiments and adventures in the Atmosphere. 

Turner (H.), 1865. 
Flight of Birds. Stagopoulos, 1891 ; Steiger, 1891. 

Flying Machines. Steiger, 1891. 

Giant Balloon, with notices on the screw applied to aerial 
navigation. Silas (T.), 1863. 

Military Aerostation. Hess (P.) and Wachter, 1887; You, 

1886. 
Montgolfier's aerostatic machines. Ehrmann, 1784 ; 

Faujas de Saint-Fond (B.), 1783. Add 500. 
Progress in Flying Machines. Chanute (O.), 1894. Add 491. 
Societe Francaise de Navigation Aerienne. Bulletin. 

Societe Francaise de Navigation, etc., 1877. 
System of Aerial direction. Petui, 1840. 

Thoughts on the Improvement of Aerostation, with description of 
a new Machine. Anonymous, 1785, App. 545. 

Voices in the Air. Armour, 1878. 

See also Balloons and Ballooning. 

AGRICULTURE. Ellerman, 1848 ; Kreuter, 1859. 

Advantages of Railways to Agriculture. Johnson (C. W.), 1840. 
Agricultural improvement of landed property. 

Morton (J. L.), 1858. 
Lease, Forms and Conditions of. Black (J.), 1862. 



▲GBICULTURS. 7 

AGRICULTURE— conltfittcd. 

American Agriculture, Commercial Policy of England affecting. 

TilLLMADGE (J.), 1844. 

Amount and Composition of the Rain and Drainage Waters. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.), Gilbert and Warington, 1882. 

Annals of Agriculture, &c. Periodical Publicatioits, p. 1 1 

Austrian Minister. Report. Kaan, 1885. 

Belgium. Gourcy, 1849. 

Book of the Farm. Stephens (H.), 1889 

Brazil, Commission. Brazil, 1887. 

California. Reports of the Agricultural Experimental Stations of 

the University. California University, 1890, 1891. 

— State of California. Hilgard, 1884. 

California University. Alkali Lands, Irrigation and Drainage 
in their mutual relations. California University, 1886. 

— ^- Report of Special Committee. 

California University, 1883. 

— Report of the Viticultural Work. 

California University, 1886-92. 

Canada. Instruction in Fanning in, and the United States of 
America and Tasmania. Ford and Rathbone, 1887. 

Cirencester Royal Agricultural College. Prospectus. 

Cirencester, 1886-90. 

Civil Engineering as applied to Agriculture and Estate Manage- 
ment. Bagot (A. C), 1885. 

Climate in connection with Husbandry. Lovelaob, 1848. 

Colorado, Agricultural College. Colorado, 1883. 

Experiments in the Farm Department. Blount, 1887. 

As an Agricultural State. Pabor, 1883. 

Course of Agriculture. Buffon (N. de), 1852. 

Cultivation of the soil, with special reference to the question of 
water-level. Kaiser (O.), 1883. 

Cyclopaedia. Morton (J. C), 1869. 

Depression in Agriculture : its causes and remedy. 

Ross (O. C. D.), 1885. 

Downton College. Prospectus, Work, Examination Papers. 

DowNTON, 1885-90, 

Effect of thunderstorms on trees and ligneous plants. 

COLLADON, 1872. 

Egypt. Paponot, 1884. 

Ancient Egyptians. Hirt, 1815. 

Experiences. Kuhlmann, 1847. 

Farm products moved as mail matter at a uniform rate for all 
distances. Lubin, 1893. 

Farm Homesteads of England. Denton (J. B.), 1864, 



iGRK 



8 AGRICULTURE. 

AGRICULTURE— cowfmued. 

Farming (Modern), outlines of. Burn (R. S.), 1865-74. |k 

Farming Essays. Davis (H.), 1855. 

Formation of a National Agricultural Institution. 

Handley H. (1838). 
France. Gourcy, 1849, '51. Map. Delesse, 1862. 

Hydraulique Agricole. France, 1885, p. 435. 

Review of Agricultural Statistics. Lovelace, 1848. 

Great Britain. Steam Farming in Great Britain and the 

Colonies. Adams (W. B.), 1850. 

Present and future prospects of farming in. 

Thorold (W.), 1849. 

How to obtain good and cheap beef and unfailing crops. 

Macbay, 1866. 

Hungary. Turr, 1881 

Husbandry. Plat, 1653. 

India. Agricultural Reform. Hume (A. O.), 1879 

— — Farming in India. Greenaway 1864. 

Ireland. County of Armagh. Lindsay (H. L.), 1836. 

Italy. Annali di Agricoltura. Italy, 1886-88, p. 146. 

Eitnsas State Board of Agriculture Report. Kansas, 1881. 

Land Question. Avbling (T.), 1880. 

Laying down land to permanent grass. 

Faunce-Delaune, 1882. 
Luxemburg. Best means of fertilising the waste lands of the 
Ardennes. Lb Docte, 1849. 

Madras. Report on Agricultural Exhibitions, 1856. 

India, p. 122. 

Mathematical foundations of the science of husbandry. 

Francke, 1892. 

Milan. Meadow lands. Berra, 1822. 

Mysore, agricultural condition. Harman. (1877.) 

New Zealand Agricultural Company. Prospectus, 1879. 

New Zealand, p. 413. 
Paris, environs. Map. Delesse, 1874. 

Exhibition, 1867. Salviati, 1867-68. 

Points in Connection with Vegetation. 

Gilbert (Sir J. H.), 1876. 
Potato Disease. Coxworthy, 1847. 

Rate of Wages influenced by the cost of transportation on farm 
products. LuBiN,. 1894. 

Retrospect of . . . Agricultural Discoveries. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Rothampsted Agricultural experimental station. 

Rothampsted, 1877. 



AORICULTURB. 9 

AQB.lCJJLTTJIi'R— continued. 

Rothampsted Agricultural experimental station. Amount of 
Water given off by Plants during their growth. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.), 1850. 

'' Composition of Soils. Lawks (Sir J. B.) and Gilbert, 1885. 

- Determination of Nitrogen in the soils of some of the 

Experimental Fields. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.), and Gilbert, 1883. 

■ Experiments on Ensilage. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.) and Gilbert, 1886. 

Experiments on the growth of Wheat. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.) and Gilbert, 1885. 

Experiments on Barley, Leguminous Crops, Root Crops. 

Gilbert (Sir J. H.), 1886-89. 

Field Experiments conducted on the farm of J. B. Lawes, 

1876, &c. Lawes (Sir J. B.). 

New determinations of Ammonia, Chlorine and Sulphuric 

Acid in the Bain Water. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.), Gilbert and Warington, 1883. 

Valuation of Unexhausted Manures. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.) and Gilbert, 1886. 

Rural buildings and industries. Bayer y Bosch, 1889. 

Rural Economy, general principles. Boussingault, 1843-44 ; 

BuPFON (N. de), 1852. 

Seine et Marne, Map. Delesse, 1880. 

Series of agricultural papers. Anonymous, 1867-69, p. 52. 

Societe des Agriculteurs de France. Chabrier, 1871. 

Spain, 1861, '66, '67. Spain, p. 234. 

North. GouRCY, 1851. 

Stations. Duraud-Claye, 1878. 

Thorough Cultivation. Cotton (Sir A.), 1887 

Tillage a substitute for Manure. Burnett, 1859. 

Transmission of goods. Perels, 1882. 

United States of America Agriculture, Grasses, Soil, etc. See 
United States, pp. 339, &c. 

Utah Agricultural College Experiment Station. Bulletin and 
Report, 1894. Utah Agricul. Coll. Add 537. 

Valuation of tenant's right on entering and quitting farms. 

Bayldon (J. S.), 1827. 
Watering Meadows. Boswell (G.), 1790. 

Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station Farm. Fluctuations 
in the level and rate of movement of ground-water. 

King (F. H.), 1892 
Wyoming, Agricultural Survey. Wyoming (State of), 1893. 

Tester deep Land Culture. Stephens (H.), 1855. 

VOL. I. c 



./ ^ 



10 AQBICULTURAL BUILDINGS — ^AGRICULTURAL IMPLBMENTS. 

AGRICULTURE (Agricultural Buildings). 

Agricultural Buildings, Designs for. Waistell (C), 1827. 

AGRICULTURE (Agricultural Chemistry). 

Agricultural Chemistry. Cox (G.), 1844 ; Davy (Sir H.), works, 

vols. 7 and 8 ; Davy, 1813 ; Dundonald, 1803 ; Fownes (G.), 

1859 ; Johnston (J. F. W.), 1847 ; Liebig, 1842 ; MacIvor, 

1870; Nesbit, 1856; Petzholdt (Alex.), 1844. 

Agricultural Chemistry and Greology. 

Johnston (J. F. W.), 1847. 

Application to Agriculture and Physiology. Liebig, 1842. 

Course of Lectures. MacIvor, 1870. 

Chemistry of Soils. Scoffern (J.), 1862. 

Dairy Farming. United States Milk Fermentations and their 
relations to dairjdng. United States, 1892, p. 243. 

Drainage (Thorough) and deep Ploughing. 

Smith (James), of Deanston, 1844. 

Laboratory Guide for Agricultural Students. 

Church (A. H.), 1882. 

Nitrification. Warington (R.), 1884. 

Y^etable Chemistry and Physiology. Le Docte, 1849. 



AGRICULTURE (Agricultural Implements). 

Agricultural Locomotives. Aveung, (T.), 1878. 

Agricultural Mechamsm. Williamson (T.), 1840. 

Cultivation of Land by Steam-power. Howard (J.), 1869. 

Electrical energy applied to Agriculture. 

Siemens (Sir W.), 18S1, p, 198. 
Common, seed-furrow and draining ploughs. Randall, 1764. 

Derby, Agricultural Implements exhibited at. 

Johnson (C. W.) and Har^, 1843. 
Improvements in Machinery for digging Land. 

Crossby and Carey^ 1881. 
Machinery (Agricultural). Bevan (G. P.), Ixidustrie^ vol. 10; 

Fritz, 1880; Jourdibr, 18-36; Fkkkls, IS^O. 
Mechanics relating to Agriculture. Per^sox (C), 1S02. 

New Engine for Ploughing. K> kl\x> 1670. 

Plough, construction of. Bailey (JohiiX 1795, 

Plough-wright's Assistant. Gray {A\ ISOS. 

Plough (Steam), HeathcoaVs. Bjlacklov k, li^37. 

Portable Engines and Threshing Machines. 

Gki\lvldi, ISSO, *S6. 

Portable Farm Railway. An account of, and use^ aud application 

of. WtoTLY (W. K.>, U>ii;0. 



AGBICtJLTUBAL IMPLEMENTS — ^AIR. II 

AGRICULTURE (Agricultural Implements) — continued. 

Reaping Machines. Specifications of English patents for. 

Commissioners, p. 283; Woodcropt (B.), 1853. 

Rural Engineering. Mangon, 1875. 

Steam Cultivation. Smith v. Fowler. Hutchinson (S.), 1865. 

Steam engines (portable), report of the trials. 

Bramwell and Anderson, 1887. 

Steam Cultivation at the Wafcling Works, Stony Stratford, Bucks. 

Hunt (R.) 1863. 

Power, application of, to Cultivation. 

Fowler (J.) and Greig, 1865. 

Tools, Machinery, &c. Hill (J. W.), 1880. 

AGRICULTURE (Live Stock). United States Cattle, their 
diseases, &c. United States, 1885-93, pp. 341, 342. 

Report from Committee to examine the petition of Breeders 

of Sheep on Act of Edw. VI., 1755. 

Parlla-mentary ., Papers, p. 513. 

AGRICULTURE (Manure). Deposits of Guano in the desert of 
Atacama. Pissis, 1878. 

— Principles and use of Artificial Manures. Liebig, 1845. 

AGRICULTURE (Soils.) Lawes (Sir J. B.) and Gilbert, 1885. 

Alluvia of Babylonia and ChaldsBa. Beke, 1839. 

Clay lands and loamy soils, rudimentary treatise. 

Donaldson (J.), 1852. 

India. Deterioration of Lands in India from the presence in the 
Soil of Reh. India, 1864, p. 99. 

Influence of Water on the temperature of Soils. 

Parkes (J.), 1844. 

Modern High Farming. A treatise on soils, plants and 

manures. Wyatt (F.), 1886. 

Nitrogen as nitric acid in the Soils and subsoils of some fields. 

Lawes (Sir J. B.), Gilbert and Warington, 1883. 

Physical properties of Soils in their relation to moisture and crop 
Distribution. Whitney (M.), 1892. 

AIR. 

Aerial Vibration in Cylindrical Tubes. 

Hopkins (W.), 1833, App. 562. 

Air and its relations to Life. Hartley, W. N., 1876. 

Air as a fuel, or petroleum, etc., utilized by carburetting air. 

Ross (O. C. D.), 1874, p. 131. 
Atmosphere. Woodhead (G.), J852. 

Constitution. Gylden, 1866. 



12 AIR — AIR (compressed). 

AIR — continued. 

Atmosphere. Nature and properties. Downib, 1801. 

Power of the intercepted pressure of, and its application to 

bakeries, iron-works, &c. Pratt, 1844. 

Atmospheric Air, changes produced on, by Respiration. 

Allen (W.), and Pepys, 1808. 

Change of elastic force of a constant volume of, between 

32° F. and 212° F. Stewart (Balfour), 1863. 

Different modes of using the elasticity of, as a motive force 

on railways. Crelle, 1846. 

- Pressure, letter on the proposed plan of travelling by. 

RiCARDO (M.), 1827. 

Vibrations in. Airy, (Sir G. B.), 1868, p. 19. 

Experiments made to determine Resistance of Air to the surface 

of bodies moved through it. Hutton (C). 1787, App. 562, 

Flow of Air, Movement of atmospheric air in Tubes. 

Chowne, 1855. 

Modifications of the Atmosphere. Luc, 1772 ; Deluc, (J. A.), 

1772, App. 553. 

Movements of the Atmosphere. Guldberg and Mohn. 1876-80. 

Observations. Priestley, 1779-86. 

Purification. Alkaline permanganates. Condy, 1862. 

Preventible causes of impurity in London Air. 

Galton, 1880, 

Relations of Air to heat and moisture. Leslie (Sir John), 1813. 

Refraction of an Atmosphere nearly resembling that of the Earth. 

Finite and exact expression for. Young (Dr. T.), 1824. 

Spring and weight of the Air, Defence of the doctrine touching. 

Boyle (Hon. R.), 1662, App. 549, 1682. 

Examination of Hobbes's Dialogus physicus. 

Boyle (Hon. R.), 1662, '69; App. 549, 1682. 

Thermal and mechanical Properties of Air and other permanent 
gas, subjected to expansion and contraction. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1874, p. 310, 

AIR (Compressed). Biadego, 1886 ; 

Birmingham Compressed Air Company, 1886 ; Hanarte, 

1879; Pernolet (A.), 1876. 

Application of, to Ventilation and to various other purposes. 

MoNDESiR and others, 1870. 

Apparatus for mechanical perforation. John Cockerill Society at 

Seraing. Santiago, 1814. Add 532. 

As a motive power. Andraud, 1890. 

— — Theoretic and practical value of compressed air motors. 

CoMPAGNiE Continentale, 1886. 



AIR (compressed) — ^ALKALI TRADE. 13 

AIR (Compressed) — continued. 

Compressed Air Engines. Hauarte, 1879. 

Compressed air installations and new devices for distributing 
mechanical power. Proell, [1891]. 

Compressed Air Power and Compressed Air Engine. 

Parset, 1851. 
Disease due to compressed air, new theory. Moir, 1891. 

Dufresne Sommeiller, use by. Frossard de Saugy, &c. ; 

Efficiency of air-compressors practically considered. 

Williams (Joseph), 1890. 

Elementary treatise. Costa, 1888. 

Loss in conduit pipes. Ledoux, 1892. 

Motive force. Gouillt, 1890. 

Motive Power scheme for supplying Birmingham. 

Birmingham, 1883, 1886. 

Motive Power System. Sturgeon (J.), 1888. 

Project for a Municipal compressed-air central station. 

Proell (R.), 1890. 

Thermotic effect of the compression and expansion of air. 

Smyth (C. P.), 1860. 

Tube propulseur Hallette. Hallette, 1846. Experiments at 
Arras. Hallette, 1845. 

Varieties of temperature of compressed air. 

Anonymous, 1886, p. 60. 

"Works executed by its means. Hersent, 1889. 

AIR ENGINES. Bourne (J.), 1878; Buckett's Patent Caloric 
Engine. Latham (E.), 1883 ; Ericsson's Caloric Engine. 
Sargent (J, O.), 1844 ; Experiments. Tresca (H.), 1861 ; 

Joule, 1852. 

Air Expansion Engines. Redtanbacher, 1853. 

Determination of air consumption in air motors. Proell, [1891]. 

Operation of Air Engines. Lawrie, 1861. 

Patent Locomotive and Stationary Air Engines. Parsey, 1845. 

Text book. Donkin (B.), jun., 1894. 

AIR-PUMP. See Pumps. 

ALCHEMY. FooRD, 1882. 

ALCOHOLIC LIQUORS. Manufacture and distillation. 

DuPLAis, 1871. 

ALKALI TRADE. History, products and processes. 

Kingzett, 1877. 



14 ALLOYS — ^ALUMIKIUM. 

ALLOYS. Matthiessen, 1867^ 

Alloys used for Coinage. Roberts- Austen (W. C), 1884, p. 119. 
Aluminium Alloys. Heroult process of smelting. 

Dewey (F. P.), 1890. 
Aluminium-steel. Hadfield, 1890. 

Bronze Alloys for Engineering Purposes. Nursey, 1884. 

Copper-Tin Alloys. Report of Committee on a preliminary 
investigation of their properties. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1879, p. 310. 
Copper and Zinc Alloys. Storey (F. H.), 1860. 

Founding of Alloys. Kirk (E.), 1878. 

Gold. Observations on different alloys of, specific gravity, etc. 

Hatchett (C), 1804. App. 561. 
Hadfield's Patent Manganese Steel. Hadfield, 1884, '93. 
Iron and Chromium etc., Alloys of. Hadfield, 1892. 
Alloys. Hadfield, 1893. 

Osmond's inquiry on the critical point of iron alloys. 

MiJLLER, F.C.G., 1891. 

Metallic Alloys. Krupp and Wildberger, 1889. Manufacture. 

Guettier, 1872. 

Nickel and Iron, Magnetic properties of. Hopkinsox (J.), 1890. 

Specific gravities of Alloys. Crace-Calvbrt and Johnson, 1859. 

ALMANACS. Adan, 1879. 

Australian Almanac for 1873. Sherriff (J. L.), 1873. 

Brett's Auckland Almanac. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

British Almanack. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Companion to the Almanac. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 
Horologer's Almanack for 1852. 

Borsendorff (L.), 1851, App. 549. 

Nautical Almanac, 1834, etc. Periodical Publications, p. 20. 
Pugh's Queensland Almanac. . Periodical Publications, p. 22. 

Bailway, Mining, Insurance and Commercial Almanack, 1866-69. 

Periodical Publications, Add 528. 
Walch's Tasmanian Almanac. Periodical Publications, p. 26. 

ALPHABETS of Ancient and Modem Languages. Ballhorn, 1861. 

ALTITUDES. Africa. Altitudes above Sea Level of places in 
South Africa south of 20° S. latitude. Gamble, 1886. 

United States, Dictionary. Gannett, 1884, '91. 

ALUMINIUM. Ste.-Claire-Dbvillb (H. E.), 1859 ; Styffe, 1892. 

Aluminium Alloys. Heroult process of smelting. 

Dewey (F. P.), 1890. 

Chemical analysis. Hunt (A. E.), &c., 1892. 



ALUMINIUM — ^ANCIENT LIGHTS. 15 

ALUMINIVM— continued. 

History, properties, etc. Richards (J. W.), 1887. 

Manufacture and uses in engineering. Hunt (A. E.), 1892. 

Production by Electrolysis and Electro-fusion. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1891, p. 312 
Properties. Hunt (A. E.), &c., 1890 
uses and processes of production. Hunt (A. E.), 1891 

AMMONIA. Production of, from the Nitrogen of Minerals. 

Beilby, 1884-85. 

AMMUNITION. Treatise on the projectiles, charges, fuses in use 
for land and sea service. Browne (C, O.), 1870. 

ANATOMY. 

Comparative Anatomy. Introductory Lecture to Course. 

KiDD (J.), 1826. 
Hand (The), its mechanism and vital endowments as evincing 
design. Bridgwater Treatises, 4. 

Lumbar Curve in Man and Apes. Cunningham Memoirs, vol. 2. 

Royal Irish Academy, 1880-88, p. 141. 
Osteology of Laniua Ltidovicianua eoccuhitorides. 

Shufeldt (R. W.), 1881. 
Osteology of the North American Tetraonidse. 

Shufeldt (R. W.), 1881. 
Proportions of the Human Figure. Bonomi (1856). 

Sympathetic Nervous System. Gaskell, 1886^ 

ANCHORS :— 

Admiralty Anchor Scandal. Trotman (J.), 1874. 

Improved patent small-palmed Anchor. 

Rodger (Lieut. W.), R.N., 1855. 
Patents for their improvement. 

Rodger (Lieut. W.), R.N., 1830. 
Porter & Co.'s patent anchor. Reports on. 

Porter (W. H.) & Co., 1842, 1843. 
Proving-house for Chain and Anchors, 1866. Lloyd's Register. 
Reports from naval officers relating to Anchors and Ships' 
Ground Tackle since 1853. Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 469. 
Ships' Anchors. Cotsell, 1856. 

See also Chain Cables. 



ANCIENT LIGHTS. Kerr (R.), 1868. Law and Science. 

Cox (H.), 1869. 



16 ANEMOMETER — APPRENTICESHIP. 

ANEMOMETER. 

Anemometer for registering the direction of the wind, etc. 

Robinson (T. R.), 1851. 

Results of Observations made with a new Anemometer. 

Whewell (W.), 1837. 

Self -registering Anemometer. Osler, 1840. 

See also Wind Pressure. 

ANGLING. Salmonia, or days of Fly-fishing. 

Davy (Sir H.) Works, vol. 9. 

ANIMAL POWER. Animal Machine. Land and aerial locomotion. 
Marey, 1873 ; Animal Mechanics. Haughton (S.), 1873 ; 
Human Beast of Burden. Mason (O. T.), 1889 ; Mechanics 
of the Himian Machine. Weber (Wilhelm), 1892-94. 

ANIMALS. Animal Sanatory Institution, Man's injustice to 
Animals. Brown, 1888, p. 187. 

ANNEALING. Laws of, and their consequences. 

Le Chatelier (A.), 1890. 

ANNUALS. 

Statesman's Year Book. Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Year Book of Facts in Science and Art. Timbs (J.), 1839-79. 

ANNUITIES. Rankin (R.), 1830. Errors of writers in their 
valuation of half-yearly and quarterly payments. 

Rouse (W.), 1816. 

Government Annuities, Instructions for the establishment of 
Parochial Societies for granting. Anonymous, 1837, p. 47. 
See also Insurance (Life). 

ANTHROPOLOGY. Anthropological Society. 

British Guiana, Indians of. Im Thurn (E. F.), 1883, Add 509. 
Mankind, Study of. Museum of Mankind, 1842. 

Pamunkey Indians of Virginia. Poliard (J. G.), 1894, Add 529, 

ANTIMONY. 

Antimony manufacture. Sopwith (T.) and Richardson, 1864. 

APOTHECARIES, 

Bill for regulating the practice of surgeon-apothecaries, etc. 

Sinclair, M., 1840. 

APPRENTICESHIP. 

Advantages of Apprenticeships. Letter. 

Playfair (W.), 1814, App. 572. 



AQUEDUCTS — ^ARCHJEOLOGY. 1 7 

AQUEDUCTS. Anonymous (Canals), p. 41. Patent for Invention 
in the art of constructing. Jordan (James), 1797. 

Alexandria Canal. Aqueduct across the Potomac Biver. Con- 
struction of the Piers. Turnbull (W.), 1873. 
Barton. Bazley, 1859. 
Florentine (New) Aqueduct. Florence, 1893. 
New York Croton Aqueduct. Description. 

SCHRAMKB (T.), 1846. 

Illustration. Tover (F. B.), 1843. 

Potomac Aqueduct. Construction. Potomac Aqueduct, 1838. 
Quebec, Amelioration of. Baillairge, 1881. 

Home, Aqueducts. Fabrettus, 1680; Frontinus, 1722. Aqua 
Martia (Quintus Martius Bex). Borgnana, 1861. 

Acquidotto Claudio. Abate, 1864. 

Boquefavour, Bridge Aqueduct of, on the Canal of Marseilles. 

Rennib (G.), 1855, p. 100. 

Spoleto. Clericbtti, 1854. 

ARBITRATION. Praschkauer, 1889. 

Law of Arbitrations and Awards. Redman (J. H.), 1872. 

Practical Arbitrator designed for lay Arbitrators. 

Jackson (C), 1879. 

ARCH-ffiOLOGY, Arch»ology, place of, in Science. 

Kenward, 1877. 
Anglo-Saxon and Prankish remains. Smith (Chas. R.), 1852. 

Barrow near Driffield. ** Kemp Hors." Mortimer, 1876, 

BengaL Report on Archseological Survey of, 1887. 

India, Add 510. 

Brigg. Ancient Raft (Prehistoric Boat), recently found at, in 

Lincolnshire. Description. Thropp (J.), 1886, '88. 

British Archseological Association. Speeches at Meetings. 

DuNKiN, 1845. 
Denmark. Primeral Antiquities of. "Worsaae (J. J. A.), 1849. 

Egypt (Upper). Antiquities of. Report of the Commission of 
Arts to Bonaparte. Egypt, 1800. Add 498. 

India. Archseological Survey. Cunningham (Sir A.), 1871 ; 

Reports 1862-65. India, p. 99. 
— The Stupa of Bharhut. Cunningham (Sir A.), 1879. 

Ireland. Early Habitations of the Irish, especially the Crannoges. 

Wyatt (M. D.), 1858. 
Italy and France. Monuments of Antiquity. 

WiEBEKiNG (C. F. von), 1838-9. 

London. Catalogue of Antiquities found at the New Royal 
Exchange, an account of their discovery, and some remarks, 
etc., on Roman London. Tite (W.), 1848. 

VOL. I. D 



18 ARCHJEOLOGT — ARCHES. 

AB.CB.MOLOGY— continued. 

Lymne. Excavations made on the site of the Roman Castrum at 
Lymne, in Kent, in 1850. Smith (Chas. R.), 1852. 

Madras. Memorandum on a couple of stones found in the 
Cumbum Taluq of the Kurnul District. 

Parry (J. W.), 1883. 

Maidstone. Antiquities of, -and the Polychromy of the Middle 
Ages. Whichcord (J.), 1860. 

Poona District. Archaeological Antiquities of the, 1883. 

India, p. 129. 

Rocky Mountains. Catalogue of the Prehistoric Works east of. 

Thomas (Cyrus), 1891. 

Rome. Parker (J. H.), 1876-83. 

Strathnaim and Inverness, Stone circles. Eraser (J.), 1885. 

ARCHES, Phipps, 1881 ; Slacke (W. R.), 1878. 

Bridge Arches, establishment of, looked at from the point of 
stability. Villarceau (Y.), 1853. 

Construction and properties of Arches. Atwood, 1801-1804. 

Construction of Oblique Arches. Hart, J., 1839. 

Constructing (Art of) Oblique Arches with spiral courses. 

Donaldson (W.), 1867. 
Construction in arches, piers, buttresses, Principles of. 

Bland, 1867. 
Direction of the joints in the faces of oblique arches. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1862, p. 20. 
Equilibrium. Dupuit, 1870; Gwilt, 1826; Moseley, 1835. 

Equilibrium diagram. Arches in Masonry and trussed frames. 

Cavalli, 1859. 
Iron Arches. Notes. Kernot, 1885. 

Iron as the constituent material for arches of a large span. 

White (John), 1832. 

Theory of the continuous arch. Airy, W., 1870. 

Improved method for setting out gauged arches. Buckle, 1886. 
Line of equal Horizontal Thrust in Arches. 

Barlow (W. H.), 1846. 

Modes of drawing the different kinds of arches made use of in 

building. Lall (K), 1853. 

Nature and properties of. Gadsdon, 1739. 

Oakley Arch, a construction of extreme skew to carry a railway 
embankment over another railway. 

Crowell (J. F.), 1890. Add. 494. 
Pressure of circular barrel- vaulting on its centering. 

CULMANN (K.), [1871]. 
Properties of Arches, and their abutment piers. Ware (S.), 1809. 



ARCHES — ABCHITECTUBE (gENEBAl). 19 

ARCHES'— continued. 

Segmental arches, two-nosed catenaries and their application to 
the design of. Alexander (T.), 1888. 

Skew Arches, advantages and disadvantages. 

Hyde (E. W.), 1875. 
Stability in the well proportioned Arch, various elements of. 

WOODBUBY (D. P.), 1858. 
Stability of Arches. Snell (G.), 1846. 

Stone Arches. Pebbonet, 1793. 

Tables for Arches. Bobebtson (F.), 1871. 

Theory of Arches. Allan, W., 1874. 

Theory of solid and braced elastic arches. Cain, 1879. 

Thrust of. Pbessb (J. A. C), 1854. 

Treatise on the Oblique Arch. Nicholson (P.), 1846, 

Trusses and Arches analysed. Gbeene (O. E.), 1884-90. 

See also Bbidges. 

ARCHITECTS. 

Collegio degli Ingegneri ed Architetti. Naples. Add. 522. 

Congresso degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti Italiani. 

CoNGBEsso, 1884; Pini 1876. 
Education and character of the Architect. 

Donaldson (T. L.), 1847. 
Professional practice. Noble (J.), 1836. 

Registration of Architects. Seth-Smith (W. H.), 1886, 

ARCHITECTURE (Genebal). Amati, 1811 ; Babozzio, 1840; 

Cataneo, 1554; Clegg (S.), jun., 1849, '52; Duband, 

1823-5 ; Evelyn, 1664, 1706 ; Gibbs (James), 1728 ; 

Palladio, 1738, '85, '86 ; Philandeb, 1544 ; Seblio, 1545 ; 

Reynauld (C), 1875-8 ; Smith (Thomas R.), 1880. 

Abuses of the present system of competition in Architecture. 

Austin (H.), 1841. 

Academy Architecture and Annual Architectural Review, 1889. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 8. 

American Architect and Building News, vol. 32. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 9. 

American Jnstitute of Architects. Amebican Inst, of Abch. 

Ancient Architecture and Engineering. Fidleb, 1892. 

Restored and improved. Langley (B. & T.), 1741-42. 

Annual Retrospect. Bubnell, 1862. 

Architect (The). Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 

Architect's Compendium. Seabs (J. E.), 1888-90. 

Architect's Legal Handbook. Jenkins and Raymond, 1889. 

Architect's Register. Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 



20 ABCHITECTURB (GENERAL). 

ARCHITECTURE (General)— con^tnit^d. 

Architects, ancient and modem. Milizia, 1781. 

Architectural Album. Schinkbl (C. F.), 1838. 

Architectural Design. Cantor Lectures on its Elements. 

Statham (H. H.), 1888. 

Architectural Examples in Brick, Stone, Wood and Iron. 

Fullebton, 1890. 

Architectural Iron Work. Fryer (W. J.), 1876. 

Architectural Magazine, etc. Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

Architectural maxims and theorems. Donaldson (T. L.), 1847. 

Architectural medals of classic antiquity. 

Donaldson (T. L.), 1859. 

Architectural notes : extracts from various authors. 

Telford (T.), 1810, p. 286. 

Architecture as applicable to military buildings. 

Seddon (J. P.), 1874. 

Arkansas Society of Engineers, Architects, and Surveyors. 
Transactions. Arkansas Soc, 1887. 

Bayerischer Architekten und Ingenieur Verein. 

Bayerischer, 1874-77. 

Bill for Registration of Architects, 1889, '90. 

Parliamentary, .Papers, p. 465, 

British Architect. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Catalogue of Modem Books on Architecture. 

Taylor (I. and J.), 1820, 1823. 
Churches, Architecture of. Demanet, 1847. 

Civil Architecture. Aldrich, 1789. Science of engineers in the 
management of the works. B£lidor, 1739, 1789. Treatise. 
Chambers (Sir W.), 1768. Decorative part of. Chambers 
(Sir W.), 1862. Masonry. Denper, 1891. Theoretical and 
practical, etc. Wiebeking (C. F. von), 1827-8. 

Civil Engineer and Architect. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Classic and early Christian architecture. 

Smith (Thomas B.) and Slater, 1882. 
Conferences of Architects, 1871 and 1887. 

Royal Inst, of British Architects. 

Construction of Working Drawings. Walker (T. L.), 1841. 

Cottage, lodge and villa Architecture. Audsley, 1869. 

Cottages and other buildings. Sketches. Shaw (R. N.), 1878. 

Course of Architectural drawing, Armengaud (J. E.) & Co., 1853. 

Course and current architecture. Huggins (S.), 1863. 

Designs (Architectural), Collection of. Schinkel (C. F.), 1858. 

Designs of Ornamental Gates, Lodges, Palisading, etc. 

Wbalb (J.), 1841. 

Deutsche Bauzeitung. Periodical Publications, p. 13, 



ARCHITBCTUBB (GBNEBAl). 21 

ARCHITECTURE (QEmnAL)— continued. 

Dictionary, Architectural and Engineering. 

Nicholson (P.), 1835, '54. 

Dictionary of terms used in Architecture, building and construc- 
tion. Wbalb (J.), 1849-50 and 1875. 

Dictionary of Architecture. 

Architectural Publication Society, 1853-1892. 
Dictionary of Architecture, Civil and Hydraulic. 

AviLBR (A. C. D.), 1755. 

Dictionary of Architecture, 11th to 16th cent. 

VIOLLBT-LB-DUC, 1858-68. 

Dictionary. Glossary of Terms. Anonymous, 1850, p. 46 ; 

Brees, 1853 ; Parker (J. H.), 1869. 

Meaning of Words used by Vitruvius. Baldus, 1612. 

Architecture of the Middle Ages. Brittok, 1838. 

Discourse. Donaldson (T. L.), 1842. 

Domestic Architecture. Chatbaunbuf, 1839. 

!l£]cole Centrale d'Architecture. Paris. The Amphitheatre in 
1865 and 1866. Paris, p. 453. 

£cole Sp6ciale d' Architecture, Paris. Publications, 1885, &c. 

Paris, pp. 455-6. 

Elements of Architectural Criticism. Gwilt, 1837. 

Elements of Architecture. Milnb (James), 1812 ; 

WoTTON (Sir H.), 1624. 
Encyclopaedia. Gwilt, 1851, '67, '81. 

Encyclop6die d'Architecture. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

En^eering and Architectural College. 

Rome, 1880-85 and 1886. 

Essays. Architectural Society, 1808-10. 

Essays, 1863-73. Habitations of Man in all ages, 1876. 

How to build a house, 1874. Viollet-le-Duc. 

Fine Arts Journal (containing article on *' A new system of Archi- 
tecture," by Pickett). Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Five Orders. Normand, 1824; Pbrrault (C), 1722; 

Thierry (X.), 1843. 

Geometry and Optics of Ancient Architecture. 

Pennbthornb (J.), 1878. 

Gk)thic Ecclesiastical Architecture. Bloxam (M. H.), 1843. 

— • Origin and progress. MSllbr (G.), 1824. 

Grammar of House-planning. Anonymous, 1864, p. 46. 

Handbook. Fergusson (J.), 1855. 

Handbook of Formulae, Tables and Memoranda. Hurst, 1882. 

Handbuch der Baukunde. Anonymous, 1885, p. 46. 

Historical essay. Hope (T.), 1840. Analytical Index. 

Cresy, 1863. 



22 ABCHITECTUBE (gENEBAL). 

ARCHITECTURE (General)— continued. 

History. Fergusson (J.). 1865-67 ; Fischer (J. B.), 1725 ; 

Memes, 1834; Ram^e, 1843 ; Romberg and Steger, 1844. 

Hiilfswissenschaften zur Baukunde. Anonymous, 1885, p. 47. 

Hydraulic architecture. B^lidob, 1737-53, 1819. 

Influence on civilisation. Wiebeking, 1819. 

Jurisprudence, architectural. Elmes (J.), 1827. 

Lectures.. Babry (E. M.), 1871, 1874, 1881 ; 

Febqusson (J.), 1862. 

Manual of Gothic Mouldings. Paley, 1845. 

Mechanical Principles. Moseley, 1843, '55. 

Mechanics of Architecture. Tabn (E. W.), 1892 ; Tabn, 1892, 

Add 535. 
Mediaeval Architecture. History of the Gothic Revival. 

Eastlake (Sir C. L.), 1872. 

Metals. Pickett, 1845. 

Middle Ages. (Ramee.) Lovelace, 1850. 

Military Architecture of the Middle Ages. 

Viollet-le-Duc, 1854. 

Model designs for mansions, cottages, gates and stables. 

BuBN (R. S.), 1860. 

Modern Styles. Febgusson (J.), 1873. 

Modern Villa and Cottage. Anonymous, 1850, p. 49. 

Moniteur (Le) des Architectes. Anonymous, 1850, p. 49. 

New forms for iron, slab, slate, hollow brick pottery, fire-proof 
timber, &c. Pickett, 1849. 

New instrument for delineating all the parts of the different 
orders of Architecture. Revesi Bbuti, O. R,, 1737. 

Pocket Book, Architects' and Contractors', for 1862, 3, 1867-1880. 

Anonymous. Add. 481. 
Pointed Architecture^ Soloyns (E.), 1846. 

Politecnico. Giornale dell' ingegneri, architetti civile, ed indus- 
triale. Pebiodical Publications, p. 21. 

Power of Form applied to Geometric Tracery. 

Billings (R. W.), 1851. 
Practical Architecture, outline of a course. 

Pasley, 1862 ; Rogebs (F.), 1886. 

Principles* Nicholson (P.), 1836; Gabbett, 1867 ; 

HosKiNG, 1842. 

Public Competitions for Architectural Designs. Report of the 

Committee. Royal Inst, of Brit. Arch., 1839. 

Questions on Subjects connected with it. 

Royal Inst, of British Architects, 1835 and '42. 

Religious Architecture in the Middle Ages. 

Caumont, 1841 ; Peyb^ (J. F. A.), 1848. 



ABCHITECTURE (GENEBAL) — ^ABCHITECTUBE (SPECIAL). 23 

ARCHITECTURE (General)— con/tnwc(2. 

Retrospective view of the architectural principles of Schinkel and 
Botticher. Jacobsthal (E.), 1890. 

Restoration etc. and notes on historical monuments of France. 

ViOLLET-LE-DUC (E. E.), 1875. 

Revue gen6rale de I'Architecture. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 
Royal Architectural Museum. Catalogue and Report. 

Royal Architec. Museum, 1869, 77. 
Rudiments. Buby (T. T.), 1849 ; Gwilt, 1835, '39 ; 

Leeds (W. H.), 1867. 
Rudiments of Ancient Architecture. Anonymous, 1821, p. 55. 
School Architecture. Robson (E. R.), 1874. 

Secular and domestic Architecture, present and future. 

Scott (G. G.), 1858. 
Society Yaudoise des. . .Architectes. Bulletin. 

Soci^T^ Yaudoise des Ingenieurs, 1876, etc. 
Specifications of Works. Blenkabn, 1865. 

State of Architecture in the Provinces. Godwin, 1836. 

Studies. Babkhausen and Lauler, 1894. Add. 483. 

Surveyor, Engineer and Architect. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 25. 
Theatre (The), and the Architect. Tbelat (E.), 1860. 

Town and Country Mansions and Suburban Houses. 

Young (W.), 1879. 
Tudor Architecture, Examples of. Hunt (T. F.), 1841. 

Universal Architecture. Scamqzzi (Y.), 1615. 

Yilla and Cottage Architecture. Blackie (W. G.), 1868. 

Works in Architecture. Adam (R. and J.), 1778-9. 

See also Building. 

ARCHITECTURE (Special). 

Athenian Architecture. Penbose (F. C), 1851. 

Australia (South), Architects Department. Return of Employes. 

South Australia, 1867, p. 227. 
Belgium. Architecture. History. Schayes (A. G. B.), 1853. 
Birmingham Architectural Association. 

BiBMiNOHAM Arch. Assoc. 
Bristol, St. Mary RedclifiTe, Restoration of. 

Whish (M. R.), 1842. 
Cambridge and Eton Colleges, Architectural history. 

Willis (R.), 1886. 
Christchurch Monastery, Canterbury, Architectural history of 
the conventual buildings of. Willis (R.), 1869. 

English Architecture. Dallaway, 1806. 17th Century. 

Elmes (J.), 1823; Yitbuvius, 1692-1826, p. 386. 



24 ARCHITBCTURB (sPBCIAL)» 

ARCHITECTURE {^fecial)— continued. 

English Architecture. Architectural Remains of the reigns of 
Elizabeth and James I. Richardson (C. J.), 1838. 

- Cathedrals of England, France, and Italy ; the Temples of 

Rome, Greece, and Sicily. Taylor (G. L.), 1870-72. 

Domestic Architecture in, Thomas (T. H.), 1851-59. 

Ecclesiastical Architecture in England. 

PuGiN (A. W.), 1843. 

Gothic Architecture in England. Pugin (A.), 1821 ; 

PuGiN (A. and A. W.), 1850. 

Mouldings of the six periods and the seven periods defined. 

Sharpe (E.), 1871, 1888. 

England. Styles of Architecture in, from the Conquest to the 

Reformation. Rickman (T.), 1862. 

European Architecture to the 17th century. Taccani (F.), 1855. 
France. Vitrqvius, 1547-1684 ; Picardy and Normandy. 

Whbwbll (W.), 1842. 

Architectural Sketches in France, the Netherlands, Ger- 
many, and Italy. Coney, 1860. 

■ Architecture of France and Italy, ancient and modern 
buildings. Tappbn (G.), 1806. 

In the Middle Ages. Ram^e, 1843. 

Architect's letters from France, Italy, and Greece. 

Woods (J.), 1828. 

French Civil Construction and Architecture. 

Watson (William), Ph,D., of Boston, 1892. 
Grermany. Vitbuvius, 1757. 

German Churches. Architectural Notes on. 

Whewell (W.), 1842. 
Gothic Architecture. MSllbr (G.), 1836. 

Greek. Mauch, 1832-39. 

Indian and Eastern Architecture. Fergusson (J.), 1876. 

Italy (North). Brick and Marble in the Middle Ages ; notes of 
a tour. Street (G. E.), 1855, 

Terra Cotta Architecture. (13th-15th cent.) 

Ottolini and Lose, 1867. 

Italian Architecture. Porter (T.), 1880; 

ViTRUVius, 1521-1832. 

Lombardy. Clericetti, 1869. 

Jeypore Portfolio of Architectural Details. 

Jacob (S. S.), 1890; Jacob, 1894, Add 511. 
Latin. Vitruvius, 1496-1867. 

Lincoln Cathedral. Architecture and Sculpture of. 

Wild (C), 1819. 
London, Architecture in. What are the prospects for good. 

Wiseman (Cardinal), 1864. 



ARCHITECTURE (sPECIAL) — ARMOUR PLATES. 25 

ARCHITECTURE {Speciill)— continued. 

London, Architecture in. Architectural Improvement of western 
part. Smirke (S.), 1834. 

Architectural Studies, 1862. Trelat (E.), 1862. 

Rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament. 

Houses of Parliament, 1835. 

Palace of Westminster. Who was the Art Architect, 

Barry or Pugin? Barry (Rev. A.), 1868. 

Oxford. Architectural Antiquities in the neighbourhood of. 

Society for Promoting the Study of Gothic Architecture, 

1846. 
■ Gothic Architecture. Doors, windows, buttresses, pin- 

nacles, &c, Mackenzie and Pugin, 1835. 

Paris, <&c. Architecture and Public Buildings, their relation to 
School, Academy and State in Paris and London. 

White (William Henry), 1884. 

Paris, &c. Civil Architecture. Mansions, houses, &c., in the 
environs of Paris. Krappt, 1812. 

Parthenon. Construction of the Parthenon. 

Penrose (F. C), 1846. 

Proportions. Jopling, 1855. 

Pomeranian Coasts. Architectural travels. Hagen (L.), 1887.' 
Spain. Vitruvius, 1787. 
Architect's Note-book in, Wyatt (M.D.), 1872. 

Gothic Architecture in. Street (G. E.), 1865. 

Venice. Mothes, 1859-60. Remarkable Edifices and Monu- 
ments. Zanotto (F.), 1858. 

Stones of Venice. Ruskin (J.), 1858-67. 

ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING. Manual. Ganoz, 1856. 

ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS. See Geography. 

ARISTOCRACY, English. Thoughts on. Tomkins (J.), 1835. 

Letter to the author of Thoughts on the Aristocracy of 

England. Jenkins, 1835. 

Nobility in France. Lovelace, 1848. 

ARMOUR. Facts concerning. Anonymous, 1888, p. 45. 

Defensive Armour. King (W. R.), 1870. 

ARMOUR PLATES. 

Armour and its Attack by Artillery. Browne (C. O.), 1870. 

Armour Fastenings. Palliser, 1867. 

Armour Plates. Results of Experiments, 1861-64, 1868. 

Leproy. 

VOL. I. E 



26 AftMOUB PLATES — ARMY. 

ARMOUR PLATES— con^tnwee?. 

Guns versus Armour Plates. Parsons (P. M.), 1863. 

Iron and Steel Armour. Gunther, 1868. 

Iron Armour Plate Committee. Letter on Statements in Report. 

Hay (Sir J. C. D.), &c., 1877. 

Modem Armour for National Defence. Jaques, 1886. 

Ordnance Plate, Improvements in, Specification of Patent. 

Blakeley, 1859. 

Penetration of iron Armour-plates by steel shot. 

Noble (W. H.), 1866, 1867. 

Resisting power of Armour plates and shot at high velocities. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1865, p. 403. 

Steel as applied to Armour Plates. Smith (Chas. W.), 1891. 

Trial of Gruson's Chilled Cast-iron Armour at Spezia, 1866. 

Lyle. 

"Wilson" compound steel-faced Armour plate, tested on board 
H.M.S. " Nettle." Cammell and Co., 1888. 

See also Ships of War (Armour Plates). 

ARMY. 

Estimates. Reports of Select Committee, 1848, 1888. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 489. 

Sanitation. Galton, 1887. 

Sanitary Condition of the Army (Crimean War), Report. 

Anonymous (1860), p. 54. 

Steam transport of Troops, inefficiency of over-sea. Abyssinian 

Expenditure. Hoseason, 1870. 

England and Wales. Application of money granted for Land 
Forces and Marines, 1746. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Military Organisation, 1860. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Sanitary Condition. Organisation of Military Hospitals, 

1858. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Estimates, 1873, &c., 1887, &c. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Scientific Corps, best mode for training officers, 1857. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 466. 

■ Royal Sappers and Miners. History. Connolly, 1857. 

2nd Royal Surrey ; or, Eleventh Regiment of Militia. 

Davis (J.), 1877. 
Great Britain. Army Lists. New Annual Army List. 

Hart (H. G.), 1893. 

India. Bengal European Regiment, now Royal Munster Fusiliers. 

History. Innes, 1885. 

Military Despotism. The Inniskilling Dragoon. 

LiLLEY, 1863. 



ARMY — ARTILLERY. 27 

ARMY — continued, 

India. Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Army. 

India, 1863, p. 99. 

Transmission of Troops to India. Hoseason, 1858. 

United States Army, etc. See United States, p. 341. 
See also Military Art. 



ARSENAL. Rock Island Arsenal. History from 1863 to 1876. 

Flager, 1877. 

Spezia. Building and site. Sarti, 1860; Chief works executed 
there. Spezia, 1881. 

ARSENIC, Bismuth and Wolfram. Charleton, 1884. 

Quality of Arsenic in Percliloride of Iron. 

HoFMANN and Frankland, 1860. 



ARTILLERY. B^lidor, 1764; Hartmann (J.), 1858; Piobert, 18e59. 

Accuracy of Artillery Fire. Mackinlay, 1887. 

Accident to the 12-inch breech-loading gun on board the 
" Collingwood." Report of Ordnance Committee, 1886. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 493. 

Archiv fur die Artillerie- und Ingenieur-Offiziere, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

Armament (our new). Longridge, 1884. 

Armourers of Her Majesty's Fleet. Instructions, 1885. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 493. 

Armstrong guns. Armstrong, 1861 ; Halsted (E. P.), 1862. 

* Big Will,' or 600-pounder Armstrong gun. Experiments 

at Shoeburyness. Pritchard (G. D.), 1864. 

Armstrong gun compared with rifled cast-iron service guns. 

Britten, 1862. 

Original invention of an indispensable feature. 

Blakeley, 1859. 

Armstrong and Whitworth Committee. Report. 

Whitworth (Sir J.), 1866. 

Art of Artillery. Simienowicz (C), 1729. 

Artillery of the future, and the new powders. Longridge, 1891. 
ArtUlery at the Exhibition of 1889. Veyrines (P.), 1890. 

Artillery operations of the Royal Artillery and Royal Naval 

Brigade before Sebastopol in 1854 and 55. 

Royal Artilleiy, 1859. 
Ballistics. Attempt to deduce initial velooitj £rom given range, 

elevation and time of flight. AlSnffiCHBB (P.), 1860. 

Big guns, our. .|^^**^ "^.1886. 



Ui 



28 ARTILLERY. 

ARTILLERY— conimMed. 

Breech-loaders. New B.-L. guns for sea service. Return of 
November, 1887. Parliamentary ..Papers, p. 494. 

Breech-loaders. Cavalli, 1856 ; Ploennies, 1867. Report 

1864-68. Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 492. 

Breech-loading small arms, heavy Ordnance, <fec. American 

inventions and improvements. Norton (C. B.), 1880. 

Cannon. Properties of metals for cannon and the qualities of 
cannon powder. Rodman (Capt. T. J.), 1861. 

Short account of an improved. Treadwell (D.), 1845. 

Cast-Iron guns. Britten, 1873. 

Cast-Iron Ordnance, conversion and rifling chilled white iron 
projectiles. Palliser, 1867. 

Coiled wrought-iron inner tubes for Ordnance. Report of Select 
Committee, 1867. Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 493. 

Comparative strength of Iron used in the manufacture of Mortars. 

Eardley-Wilmot, 1857. 

Compound Ordnance. Palliser, 1863. 

Construction of Batteries for coast defences. 

Rennie (G.), 1858. 

Construction of Heavy Ordnance. Hunt (W. P.), 1881. 

Construction of Ordnance. Recommendations of Ordnance Com- 
mittee, 1885. Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 493. 

Construction and Manuf ucture of Ordnance in the British Service, 
1877-86, '93. Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 493. 

Construction of Walls to resist Artillery. 

CoLLiNsoN (T. B.), 1864. 

Conversion of smooth-bore cast-iron guns. Palliser, 1870. 

Creusot. Its history and industry. Hennbbert, 1890 ; 

Vadot (N.), 1875 ; Weyl (E), 1890. Paris Exhibition 

of 1878, Parville. 

Diagrams to illustrate the service and management of heavy 
Ordnance. Boxer, 1853-54. 

Employment of quick-firing cannon in the Army and Navy. 

Roos (G.), 1886. 

Enfield and Whitworth Rifle Committee. Report, 1861. 

Parliamentary ..Papers, p. 492. 

Engines of War, ancient and modem. Wilkinson (H.), 1841. 

Equipment of Field Artillery. Jocelyn, 1881. 

Ericsson's Destroyer and Submarine Gun. Jaques, 1885. 

Establishment of Steel Gun Factories in the United States. 

Jaques, 1884. 

Experiments on Cast-Iron for the Manufacture of Cannon, 1858. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 482. 
Factory, small arms, at Herstal (Liege). Quinaux, 1892 



ARTILLERY. 29 

ARTILLERY— con/inue^. 

Field Artillery on Service, with especial reference to that of an 
Army Corps. ' Taubert (A.), 1856. 

15-inch gun. Abbot (H. L.), 1868. 

Firing of guns. Cavalli, 1863. 

French (modern), (St. Chamond, De Bange, Canet and Hotchkiss 
Systems). Dredge, 1892. 

Gatling Gun. Official Reports on Ordnance Gatling Gun. 
Anonymous, 1878, p. 46. Gatling Gun for service ashore 
and afloat. Franklin (W. B.), 1874. 

Guns. Scott (M.), 1862, p. 177. 

Guns and Artillery, Manufacture of. Longridgr, 1855. 

Guns of the calibre of 64 pounds and over, supplied to the Navy 
between 1870 and 1886. Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 494. 

Gun Construction. Mechanical properties of steel with reference 
to. Woodbridge (W. E.), 1875. 

Guns (our). Carbutt (Sir E. H.), 1886. 

Guns and Gun Material. Ede (G.), 1889. 

Guns of the Ironclad "Riachuelo" and their alteration to the 
Armstrong system. Huet de Bacellar Pinto Guedes^ 1885. 
Gun, Ram and Torpedo Manoeuvres and Tactics. Noel, 1874. 

Guns and Steel. Whitworth (Sir J.), 1873. 

Guns. The Story of the. Tennent (Sir J. K), 1864. 

Gun-making in the United States. Birnie, 1888. 

Gunnery. Anstruther, P. (1861 ; Robins (B.), 1761 ; 

Scott (M.), 1874, p. 176. Principle. Bladen (Capt. J.), 1879. 
In 1858 ; rifles, cannon and sporting arms. Greenbr, 1858. 

Sea-gunner's companion. Mountaine (W.), 1763. 

Gunnery containing the determination of the force of gunpowder^ 

Robins (B.), 1742, 1805. 

Handbook of Artillery for the United States. 

Roberts (Joseph), 1875. 

Heavy Guns, the connexion between their shape and durability. 

RiQG (A), 1867. 

For national defence. Jaques, 1885. 

Heavy Ordnance and the principles and processes of its construc- 
tion. Stoney (Capt. F. S.), 1870. 

Report on the effects of firing with it, from Casement 

Embrasures, <kc. Totten (J. G.), 1857. 

For the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Instruction for the 

service and management of. , Trench (C), 1855. 

In the United States. Jaqueb, 1893. 

Heavy rifled Ordnance. Hick, 1873. 

Cast-iron and wrought-iron. 

Britten, 1871. Construction. Palliser, 1868. 



30 ARTILLEBY. 

ARTILLERY— con/tnwc^. 

High initial Velocities and effective Rifled Ordnance. 

Richards (G.), 1863. 

Hooped Cannons. Construction of. . Tbeadwell (D.), 1864. 

Howitzers made at Krupp's Works. Krupp (F.), 1857. 

Hydrostatic batteries, to give a steady gun-deck at sea. 

Allan (A.), 1874. 

Improved Ordnance. Construction of. ^Treadwell (D.), 1862. 

Instruction in Ordnance and Gunnery. Benton, 1867. 

Iron and Brass Ordnance in Continental States. Report of 

Commission, 1856. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 492. 

Lectures. Owen (C. H.) and Dames, 1861, 1865. 

Lectures on Artillery and experiments on explosives. 

Hartmann (J.), 1858. 

Loading at Breech and at Muzzle, for military weapons. 

Richards (Westley), 1863. 

Manuel complet. Plessix, 1884. 

Manufacture of guns. Siege of Paris. Jordan (S.), 1878. 

Marine Artillery. France, 1875, p. 435. 

Memorial de I'artillerie de la marine. 

Periodical Publications, p. 19. 

Memorial de artilleria. Periodical Publications, pp. 18, 19. 

Method of manufacturing Strong Cannon. Blakeley, 1858. 

Military and Naval uses of very large shells. Mallet (R.), 1858. 

Modern Guns and Smokeless Powder. Rigg (A.) and Gar vie, 1 892. 

Modern practice of Artillery. Hutton (C), 1812. 

Molecular Construction of the Metals of Ordnance. 

Mallet (R.), 1857. 
Mortars. Art of making good. 

Raucourt de Charleville, 1828. 

Muzzle loading rifled Ordnance, adaptation of the principle of the 
Minie rifle to cannon. Britten, 1878. 

Muzzle-loading v, breech-loading Field guns. Report of special 
Committee, 1871. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 493. 

Muzzle and breech-loading guns. Cavalli, 1862. 

Naval Artillery. Aide-memorie. Lapay, 1850. 

Naval guns and their supply. Longridge, 1889. 

Naval guns and naval gunners. Dawson (W.), 1872. 

Naval Gunnery. Douglas (Sir H.), 1851, 1855, 1860. 

Naval Ordnance. Scott (Commander R.A.E.), 1861. 

Naval Ordnance and Gunnery. Cooke (A. P.), 1880. 

New method of constructing Cannon. Blakeley, 1858. 

New Ordnance Material and Armour Material in Europe. 

BiXBY, 1886. 

Nordenfelt Machine Guns. Nordenfelt, 1884. 



ARTILLERY. 31 

ARTILLERY— continued. 

Number and description of guns manufactured for H.M. ships 
1886. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 493 

Ordnance. Downing (D. F.), 1886 ; Girdlestone, 1871 ; 
HoLLEY, 1865. Ordnance Administration. 

LONGRIDGE, 1885-1886. 

Application of Wire to the construction of Ordnance. 

LONGRIDGE, 1884. 

Hydro-pneumatic gear for siege and heavy ordnance. 

Anderson (W.), 1885. 

. Improvements in the construction of Ordnance. 

LONGRIDGE, 1856. 

and Marine Material. Kirkland, 1874. 

Method of converting ordnance invented by Col. Campbell. 

Campbell (T. H.), 1864-65. 

Modern Ordnance. Longridge, 1882. 

Its progress at home and abroad compared. 

Scott (Com. II.A.E.), 1862. 

Prussian system of field Ordnance in Belgium. 

BORMANN, 1861. 

Rifled Iron and Steel Guns supplied by the War Depart- 

ment to the Naval and Land Service, 1859-1887. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 494. 

Ordnance and Small Arms. Armstrong and Whitworth Com- 
mittee. Evidence before Select Committee, 1854. Report, 
1866. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 492. 

Moncrieff Gun-carriages. Reports, 1875. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p, 493. 

Pebble powder and cheaper guns. Britten, 1873. 

Power of modern artillery. Darapsky, 1870. 

Practicability of constructing cannon of great caHber, capable 
of enduring long use with full charges. 

Treadwell (D.), 1856. 

Principles and Practice of Modem Artillery. Owen (C. H.), 1871. 
Progress and present position. Lloyd and Hadcock, 1893. 

Proposal to change all the guns of the British Navy under and 
including 18 pounders for others of greater bore. 

Robins (B.), 1747. 
Physical conditions involved in the Construction of Artillery. 

Mallet (R.), 1856. 
Range finding for the service of artillery. Campbell (J. R.), 1874. 
Recent gunnery. Mackinlay, 1885. 

Report on experiments made in 1857 on two 12 pounder Krupp 
Howitzers of cast steel. EIrupp (F.), 1857. Add. 514. 

Report on a Naval mission to Europe. Artillery material and 
construction. Simpson (E.), 1873. 



32 ARTILLERY. 

ARTILLEiRY— continued. 

Reports of Ordnance Select Committee, 1862-63, 1863-69. 
Director-General of Ordnance, 1871. Director of Artillery, 
1871-83. Director of Artillery and Ordnance Committee, 
1884-89, 1890, <kc. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 492. 

Revista de Artiglieria e Genio. Periodical Publications, p. 24. 

Revue d'Artillerie. Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Rifle-Gun and Rotary Rocket. Hale, 1863. 

Rifled Artillery, Papers on. Whitworth (Sir J.), 1869. 

Rifled Cannon. Cavalli, 1856 ; Treadwell (D.), 1860. 

Rifled Cannons in England. Hartmann (J.), 1862. 

Rifled Cast-Iron Guns. Report of Committee, 1863. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 492. 

Rifled Cast-Iron Ordnance. Britten, 1871. 

Employed in the American War. Britten, 1872. 

Rifled Cast-Iron Service Guns. Britten, 1862. 

Rifled Guns, etc., and Fluid compressed Steel. 

Whitworth (Sir J.), 1872, 75. 

Rifled Guns, Returns relative to, 1869-74. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 493. 

Rifled muzzle-loading gun of 38 tons. Report of Committee on 
Explosive Substances, 1875. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 493. 

Rifled Ordnance. Britten, 1863, 1873, 1881 ; Thomas (L.), 
1859. Its construction and manufacture. 

Stoney (Capt. F. S.) and Jones, 1872. 

Rights of Priority in the principles and methods of constructing 
Ordnance in superimposed rings with initial tension. 

Mallet (R.), 1860. 

Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers Squabbles examined. 

Royal Artillery, 1856. 
Royal Gun Factories, Report of Select Committee, 1868. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 492. 

Schulz Artillery system. Schulz (Capt. — ), 1883. 

Science of gunnery. Blakeley, 1855. 

Service of Artillery in time of War. Antoni, 1789. 

Ship-guns and sea-mortars. Precepts for the delineation of. 

Robertson (John), 1775. App. 574. 

Shoeburyness and the Guns. Barry (P.), 1865. 

Shots and Guns. Photographs of specimens. Palliser, 1867. 

Siege Artillery in the campaigns against Richmond. 

Abbot (H. L.), 1868. 
Smooth bore Cannon. Some observations on the theory of the 
deviation of spherical projectiles shot from. 

Theroux (C. K), 1859. 
Steel gun factories in the United States. Mackinlay, 1885, 



ABTILLEBT — ARTILLERY (BALLISTICS). 33 

ARTILLEBY— continued. 

Submarine Guns. Barber (F. M.), 1874, 

System of Ordnance calculated to prove the most efficient against 
iron-clad ships and batteries. Boxer, 1862. 

Table showing the fall by gravity in the atmosphere. 

Anstruthbr, 1866. 
Tension of Winding Wire Guns. * Alger (P. R.), 1880. 

Text Book of Gunnery. Mackinlay, 1887. 

Theory of Gunnery. Anstruther (P.), 1871 ; 

Pringle (Sir J.), 1778. 
35-ton gun Competition. Report of the Ordnance Council, 1870. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 493. 

"Thunderer" (H.M.S.). Report on the bursting of one of the 
38-ton guns in her turret. Thunderer (H.M.S.), 1879. Why 
the "Thunderer's" gun burst. Longridge, 1879. Cause 

of the explosion. Palliser, 1879. 
Treatise on the manufacture of Guns. 

Anonymous, 1886, p. 68. 

Trial of a 32-pounder cast-iron gun converted into a 64-pounder 

Rifled gun of 60 cwt. Palliser, 1866. 

^—12" R.M.L. gun from H.M.S. "Thunderer." Report of 

Special Committee on Ordnance, 1880. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 493. 
United States Artillery. Journal of the. 

Periodical Publications, p. 18. 
United States Ordnance. United States, pp. 354, 355. 

Volley Gun : a new system of Artillery. 

Vandenburgh (O.), 1864. 
Whitworth Gun. Anonymous, 1864, p. 40. 

' Whitworth 9-inch Breech-loading Gun. Report of Experi- 
ments with. Whitworth (Sir J.), 1883. 
See Armstrong (above). 

Wire Guns. Memorandum on the cause of Rupture of Jacket 
6" B.L. Wire Gun. Longridge, 1888. Longridge on the 
use of wire in the manufacture of Guns. Callenberg, 1885. 

Woolwich system of rifled Ordnance. Anonymous (1878), p. 58. 

ARTILLERY (Armour Plates). See Armour-Plates. 

ARTILLERY (Ballistics). Hartmann (J.), 1856; 

Piton-Bressant, 1892. 
Calculation of Trajectories in direct an» urved fire. 

Greenhill (A. G.). 
Electro-ballistic Machines. Benet, 1866. 

Experiment for determining the relative strains of a gun. 

Palliser, 1864, 
vol. i. f 



34 ARTILLERY (bALLISTICB) — ^AB^S (fINE). 

ARTILLERY (Ballistics) — continued. 

Exterior Ballistics. Siacci (F.), 1892. 

Force of fired gunpowder. Hutton (C), 1778. 

Inteiior Ballistics with treatment of the more common high 
explosives. Glennon (J. H.), 1894. Add 503. 

Internal Ballistics, 1887, '89. Longridge. 

Measurement of Powder Pressures in Cannon by means of the 
registered compression of oil. Woodbbidge (W. E.), 1878. 

New method of analysing trajectories and application to the 
firing of rifled cannon. Hugon, 1859. 

Velocity of Combustion of an Explosive under variable pressure. 

Glennon (J. H.), 1893. Add 503. 

ARTILLERY (Gun Carriages). 

Four experimental carriages of Major Campbell's pattern. 

Campbell (F. H.), 1860. 

India. Gun Carriage Factory, Allahabad. Accident to the Store- 
room, 1870. India, p. 109. 

MoncriefiT System applied by hydro-pneumatic gun-carriages to 
harbour defences. Moncrieff (A.), 1884. 

Muzzle Swivelling and Hydraulic Gun Mounting. 

Mallet (R.), 1860. 

Wright's Artillery Railway and Gun Carriage. 

Wright (Thomas), 1865. 

ARTILLERY (Projectiles). Scott (M.), J 862, 1866, p. 177. 

Elongated Projectiles. Thiroux (C. N.), 1857. 

Motion of Projectiles fired from rifled arms. Owen (C. H.), 1862. 

Penetration of armour-plates with long shells of large capacity 

fired obliquely. Whitworth (Sir J.), 1869. 

Professional Notes on Armour and Projectiles. Maguire, 1884. 

Projectiles. France. France, 1837, p. 435 ; Gosselin, 1831. 

Rifle bullets, Experiments to determine the velocities. 

Haughton (S.), 1862. 

Shells and Shell Guns. Dahlgren, 1857. 

Shell Trials at Shoeburyness. Anonymous, 1878, p. 55. 

Shrapnell Shell in England and in Belgium. Bormann, 1862. 

ARTS (Decorative). Principles which should determine form in 
Decorative Arts. Wyatt (M. D.), 1852. 

Ornamental Art as applicable to trade and manufactures. 

Ballantine (J.), 1847. 

ARTS (Fine). 

Fine Arts in England, obstructions to the acquisition of. 

• Barry (J.), 1775. 



ARTS (fine) — ^ARTS AND SCIENCES. 35 

ARTS (PiNE)-H5onfo'nMe(2. 

Great Britain. Art treasures, being an account of the chief 
collections of paintings, drawings, sculptures, etc. 

Waagbn (G. F.), 1854-'57. 

Journal of Indian Art. Periodical Publications, p. 18. 

Lectures on Art. Buskin (J.), 1875 

Pigments, Paint, and Painting : a practical book. 

Terry (G.), 1893. 

Beport of Fine Arts Commission, 1842. 

Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 478. 

Boyal Academy Commission. Report of. 

Royal Academy, 1863. Add 531. 
Sydney. Mechanics' School of Art. Annual Report and Com- 
memorative Address. Sydney, 1883, p. 274. 

Yinci, Leonardo da, his Manuscripts. Yinci (L.'da), 1881. 

World's debt to Art. Hope (A. J. B. B.), 1863. 

ARTS (Industrial), chefs-d'oeuvre of. Pottery, porcelain, glass 
enamel, metal, Goldsmith's Art, jewelry and tapestry. 

Burty, 1869. 

ARTS (Liberal) and Mechanical Arts. Plates. 

Anonymous, 1771-72, p. 54. 

Mechanical Arts : Smithing, Joinery, Carpentry, Turning, and 
Bricklayery. Moxon, 1703. 

ARTS (Manual). "Human Industry." Anonymous, 1661, p. 47. 

ARTS AND CRAFTS. Geometry and Mechanics. 

Laderchi, 1829 

ARTS AND MANUFACTURES. 

Jewel house of Art and Nature (inventions, husbandry, minerals). 

Plat, 1653. 

Papers read before Society of Arts. Aikin, 1841. 

Paris, ^icole Centrale des Arts. Programmes, 1838, 1867-69. 

Paris, p. 453. 

Conseryatoire des Arts et M6tiers. Annales, 1860, etc. 

Cat^dogue of Collections, 1882 ; Prospectuses, etc., 
1886-90, '92. Paris, p. 453. 

— SoGi6t^ des andens ^l^ves des Ecoles Nationales d'Arts et 
Metiers, Annuaire. Paris, p. 459. 

RepertOTy of Arts and Manufactures. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 
Residts of Parliamentary Liquiry. Foggo, 1837. 

See also Industry, Manufactures, Trade and Commerce. 

ARTS AND SCIENCES among the Ancients. Duvivier, 1830. 



36 ASBESTOS — ** ASSISTANCE " (H.M.S.). 

ASBESTOS AND ITS Applications. Botd (I.), 1886. 

Bell's Asbestos. Bell (J.) & Son, 1886. 

Canada. Asbestos Mines. Jones (B. H.), 1888. 

Production and use. Jones (R. H.), 1888, '90. 

Use as steam engine "packing." Day (St. J. Y.), 1872. 

ASPHALT. Dietrich, 1881-85. Asphalt and Bitumen. Beckwith, 

1868. Uses of Bitumen. Cochrane, 1870. Mineral 

Bitumen. Huguenet, 1852 ; Delano, 1893. Varieties, 

Properties, and Uses. Halleck (H. W.), 1841. 

Application of Asphalt to Street paving. Ellice-Clark, 1879. 
Asphalt paving and bituminous rock Companies. 

Sharwood (A.), 1871. 
Asphaltic Masonry. Malo, 1885. 

Asphaltic Mastic, application of, to flooring, roofing, and hydraulic 
works in India, Goodwyn, 1843. 

Machine for distributing Sand, Gravel or Salt upon Asphalt. 

HoRNSBT & Sons, 1880. 

Origin, preparation and applications. Malo, 1863, '70, '88. 

Present state of the industry. . Malo, 1879. 

Use of Natural Asphalt in Buildings. Hennino, 1866. 

Germany. Ducker, 1881. 

Seyssel Asphaltic mastic. Coiqnet (P.), 1875 ; Simms (F. W.), 
1837, 1838. Instructions for its use. Seyssel Asphalte 

Coy., 1844. 

Seyssel and other Asphalt Companies in France. Fournel, 1838. 

Trinidad. Dundonald, 1857. 

Val de Travers, Neufchatel, Asphaltic Mine. Fournel, 1838. 

ASSAYING. Accuracy of Assay for Silver. 

Dewey (F. P.), 1894. Add. 496. 

Assay Offices. Irregularities in London, Chester, Exeter and 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1793. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 466. 

Assayer's Guide. Lieber, 1869 

Docimastic Examination of Ores. Kerl, 1883. 

Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores. Brown (W. L.), 1890. 

Iron and Steel assay and analysis of iron ores and fuel. 

Bayley, 1884. 
Lead, Copper, silver, gold and mercury. 

Bodehann and Kerl, 1868. 

Manual. Kerl, 1883 ; Mitchell (John), 1854, '68. 

Beport on Assays made to test the quality and strength of the 
products of the works of MM. de Wendel et Cie. 

Tetmajer (L.), 1891. 

" ASSISTANCE " (H.M.S.), Voyage. Belcher, 1855. 



ASSUBANCB — ASTRONOMY (GENERAL REFERENCES). 37 

ASSURANCE. See Insurance (Life). 

ASTROLOGY. Grammar of Astrology. Zadkiel, 1840. 

ASTRONOMICAL DAY, proposed change in reckoning. 

Canadian Inst., 1893. 

ASTRONOMY (General References). Airy (Sir G. B.), 1859, 
p. 16 ; Alphonso X. ; Anonymous, 1850, p. 40 ; Barrow (J), 
1675; GuBRiCKE, 1677; Lalande, 1781-92; Laplace, 1821. 

Ancient and Modem. Bailly, 1805. 

Animadversions on the first part of the Machina Coelestis of 
Helvetius. Helvetius, 1674. 

Architecture of the Heavens. Nichol, 1851. 

Astro-theology. Moseley, 1847 

Astronomical and other Refractions. Atkinson (H.), 1825 

Astronomical Bulletin. Rio de Janeiro, 1881-3. 

Astronomical Notices. Smyth (C. P.), 1861-2. 

Astronomy and general physics considered with reference to 
Natural theology. Bridoewater Treatise, 3. 

Celestial Atlas. Jamieson (A), 1827. 

Celestial Worlds discovered. Huyghens, 1722. 

Definitions of terms used in. Hodgkin, 1804. 

Distances of the Moon, Planets, and the Sun. Pinnington, 1886. 
Earth as a planet. Thomas (W. J.), 1882. 

Motions of the Earth and Heavenly bodies explained by 

electro-magnetic attraction. Cunningham (P.), 1834. 

Theory of the System of the World. 

PONTEECOULANT, 1829-34. 

Ecliptic, on the position of the, as inferred from observations with 
the Cambridge transit and mural circle. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1835, p. 21. 

Elements. Acadi^mib des Sciences (1740) ; Anonymous, p. 56 ; 
Brinkley, 1819; Cooke (S.), 1875; Francceur, 1818; 
Jeans (Rev. G.), 1841 ; La Caille, 1750 ; Oliver (J. A. W.), 

1888. 
Examinations of various solutions of Kepler's problem. 

Brinkley, 1803. 
Fixing positions by the more simple Astronomical Observations. 

Gordon (E. S.), 1881. 

Government of the Heavens. Purslo, 1852. 

Handbook. Lardner, 1875. 

History from 1781-1802. 

La Lande (J. J. Le F. de), 1803. App. 565. 

Institutions of Astronomical Calculations. 

Martin (B.), 1765. App. 567. 

Lectures on Astronomy. Airy, Sir G. B., 1849, p. 23 ; 

Arago, F., 1845 ; Moseley, 1850. 



38 ASTBONOMT (gENEBAL BEFBBBNOBB — ^ASTBONOMT (iNSTBUMENTS). 

ASTRONOMY (Genbbal Refebences) — continued. 

Manual Galbbaith and Haughton, 1857. 

Mecanique celeste. Boub, 1885 ; La Place, 1821-27. 

Mechanism of the Heavens. Olmsted, 1850; Seeligeb, 1890. 

Movement of the Solar System in Space. 

AiBT, Sir G. B., 1859, p. 21. 
Nebular Hypothesis, Brief Examination of. Wallis (J.), 1845. 
New Views in Astronomy. Habbis (John), 1879. 

Outlines. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1871. 

Prselectiones Astronomicae. Whiston (W.), 1707. 

Problems and their solutions. Jeans (H. W.), 1849. 

Recreations in Astronomy. Tomlinson (Rev. L.), 1846. 

Researches on the constitution of gaseous worlds. 

RiTTEB (A.), 1889. 
Rotation of the Earth and Planetary Bodies. 

Walkeb (William L.), 1877. 

Simplicity of the Creation. Adolph, 1864. 

Theory and practice. Delambbe, 1814; Htmebs, 1840. 

Treatise. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1833, '40. 

United States. Astronomical Work of 1889 and 1890. 

WOODWABD (R. S.), 1890. 

ASTRONOMY (Astbonomical Geolooy). Bbowne (R. G. M.), 1865. 

Astronomical Causes which may influence Geological Phsenomena. 

Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1832, p. 50. 

ASTRONOMY (Instbuments). 

Azimuthal Circle. Determination of the probable stability of an, 
by observations of Stars. Aibt (Sir G. B.), 1851, p. 19. 

Azimuths without calculation. Russel (R.), 1852. 

Circles Astronomical. On the investigation of. 

Bbuhl (J. M. de), 1794. App. 550. 

Globes and Orrery. Description and use, and account of the 
Solar System. Habbis (J.), 1732. App. 560. 

New Standard Scale of the Royal Astronomical Society. 

Baily, 1836, 
Revolutions of heavenly bodies by the mechanism of Wheels. 

Janvieb (A.), 1812. App. 563. 

Sun-and-Planet instrument. Anonymous, 1875, p. 56. 

Telescopes. Inferiority of Reflecting Telescopes when compared 

with Refractors. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1825. 

Solar Transit, Use of the. Haupt (L. M.). 

Transit Instrument. Description of a new. 

Englbfibld (Sir H. E.), 1814. App. 556. 
Transit Instrument. Clabk (L.), 1882, '84. 

Zenith Sector. Observations with Ramsden's. 

Colby and YoUand, 1842. 



AiSTBONOMT (HYTHOLOGICAL) — ^ASTBONOMT (OBSEBYATIONS). 39 

ASTRONOMY (Mttholooical) of the Ancients. Mackbt, 1822. 

ASTRONOMY (Nautical). Treatise. Btbnb (O.), 1876; Mabtin 
(W. R.), 1888; Rapeb, 1849, 1870. Instrumental Nautical 
Astronomy, Deyelopment of. Wilson - Barker (D.), 1891. 
Introduction to Spherics and Nautical Astronomy. Kelly 

(Dr. P.), 1822. 

Connaissance des temps, 1759-1815. Aoad£mie des Sciences. 

Additions, Laplace, 1813. 

■ Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 20. 
See aUo Navigation, 

ASTRONOMY (Obsebvations). 

Astronomical Observations made in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Wales (W.), 1788. 

Transit Obseryations. Probable errors of the eye and ear in 
them. Robinson (T. R.), 1853. 

Armagh Observatory. Places of 5,345 stars observed there, from 
1828-1854. Robinson (T. R.), 1859. 

Cambridge Observatory. Astronomical Observations. 

AiBY (Sir G. B.) ; Cambbidqe Observatory, 1829-79. 

, St. John's College. Astronomical Observations made in, 

in 1767 and 1768, and account of several Astronomical 
Instruments. Ludlam (W.), 1769. App. 566» 

Cape Observatory. Observations, 1834-38, 1856-57, 1876. 

Cape Town. 

Catalogue of Stars, 1834-40, 1836-61. Cape Town. 

Copenhagen Observatory. Observations, 1781-83. 

BuGGE, 1784. 

Dublin Observatory. Observations made at the Observatory of 
Trinity College, Dublin. Bbinklet, 1815. 

Dublin. Analytical investigations respecting Astronomical lU)- 
fractions. Bbinklet, 1815. 

Dudley Observatory. Annals. 

Dudley Observatory, 1866-71. Add 497. 

' ■ Defence of Dr. Gk)uld. Reply to Statement of Trustees. 

Gould (B. A.), 1858, '59. 
Edinburgh Observatory. Observations. Edinbubqh. 

Greenwich Observatory. Observations. Bessel, 1818. 

Greenwich Observations, 1765-1798, 1831-35, 1838-40, &c. 

Gbeenwich Observatory. 

Resultsof Observations, 1847-58. Gbeenwich Observatory. 

Reports of the Astronomer Royal to the Board of Visitors, 

1836, &c. Gbeenwich Observatory. 

- Probable effects of a railway passing near. 

Gbeenwich Observatory, 1846, 1865. 



38 A8TB0V0MT (GKK 

ASTRONOMY (Gkx 

Mecaniqae celeste. 
Mechanisai of the 1 
MoTement d the So ~ 

Kebnlar Hypothesis, . 
Kew Views in Astroi. 
Outlines. 

P^ielectiones Astronon: 
Problems and their solu* 
Recreations in Astxx»on 
Researches on the oonsti: 

Rotation of the Earth and 

Simplicity of the Creatioa. 
Hieory and practioe. 




. 1' 



United States. Astronomical 

ASTRONOMY (Astbohokigal Gsc 
Astronomical Causes which may 



u f*"' -=^ 



T 





-'-^a 



ASTRONOMY (LssTRVVXtrrsy 

Aamuthal CSircle. Detennination 
by observations ol Stars. 

Azimuths withoat calculation. 

Circles AstronomicaL On the inves 

Bbxxhl 

Globes and Orreiy* Description ai 
Solar System. EU 

New Standard Scale of the Royal Astr. * 

Revolutions of hearenly bodies by the it 

Sun^and-Planet instrument. 

Telescopes. Inferiority of Reflecting Tel. 
with Refractors. Hebschi* 

Solar Transit, Use of the. 

Transit Instrument. Description of a 

Ekglefield (Sir H. 1 
Trandt Instrument. C. 

Zenith Sector. Observations with Ramsden's. 

Colby 



ASTKllMlMV ^srniAi.'. J I 

ASTRONOMY (Special)— wj-^nw^?. 

Anrors, their characUT and fj^'i-lr,!. OtrROV ■^. K.V l-7il. 

Comets. Biela's Cumci. lIi.nM-iir:. [Sir .1. V. W X IS;;.', 

Comet of 12<ii and 1 J'lO , exiK-.I.-.l n li!i:i. 

Comet of l(<-lJ-4.'. I\,ik. if^i,-,. 

l>etermi[ui.iii Hi of iKp f)rlii:s ^f C.i:iii-t>. 

AlKV (.Sir G. B-i, IS::;', p, ];. ; Li:..i;\iihi.. l>u:< il. 

Distance i>£ a Cumcl fruia tiie E.irlh. 

Lli.o.^iK i>irJ. \V.). i>;l,-,. 

- Kncke's Comi-t. Kmkk, 1^:;:!. 

Halle.ys Comt-t. IIki.sciux (Sir J. !■'. \V.), l^,■;:. 

KetJuciion of the uhspnati.ms iii.iJc in I -:',:■ .iTui [^:ll■^ 

AtHY (Sir <i. il.(. 1^)7, J). '22. 
'ley's investigation of the nrhh^ ol CuHiot-. 

KiOAUD (S. P.), li-30; i;i';.a-i>, l.-:fj. A].]>. bTi. 
"Jenerai properties of, and ]irirti.u!:ir!v tin) Ki-lii^c <.{ 

S-VITH ((i(.nri.-.M. iH^ A|.]i. r.TT. 

f Asathocles. Amy (Sir O. 11), 1>:.7. p. l'ii. 

AiKv {S,r <:. IM, l^.-,7, p. lid. 

d. Arj;v (Sir (J. Il.l, l.s:,7, p. l'l>. 

AlHY 'Sir G. B.), ]S.^7. p. 20. Oti.nanna c»l- 

AiBV (Sir G. K.l, iw:-. p. l,s. lU-,,u:i of 

!.;it.i..n-. Antv (SirG. 11.,, l-.^H, p. ill 

■a an-I ti.e Hmrin 1,,,-tbol .,f ,:,;.ul..r i-z 

Sci>n:jH..vri.E (\\".j, ]-■■.;;. 



1 OL-r 




40 ASTRONOMY (OBSERVATIONS) — ^ASTRONOMY (SPECIAL), 

ASTRONOMY (Observations) — continued. 

Greenwich Observatory. Description of the great Equatorial. 

Greenwich Observatory, 1869. 

Heligoland. Observations. Schumacher (H. C), 1825 

Hong Kong Observatory. Observations, 1884, &c. Hong Kong. 

Lisbon. Annaes do Observatorio do Infante Dom Luiz, 1882, &c. 

Lisbon. 

London. Astronomical Observations taken daring 1839-1851. 

Bishop (G.). App. 548. 

Madras Observatory. Astronomical Observations. 

Taylor (T. G.), 1835. 
New South Wales. Astronomical workers in. 

Russell (H. C), 1888. 

Sydney Observatory. Results of Astronomical Observations 
made in 1879, '80, '81. Sydney, p. 274. 

Teneriffe. Astronomical Experiment of 1856. 

Smyth (C. P.), 1858. 

United States. Astronomical and Meteorological Observations 
made from the years 1851. United States, 1862-77, p. 352. 

Naval Astronomical Expedition to the Southern hemis- 
phere during the years 1849-52. 

United States, 1856, p. 341. 

ASTRONOMY (Physical). Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1849. 

History. Grant (R.), 1852. 
Explication of several important points in Physical Astronomy. 

Stewart (M.), 1761 ; Stewart (M.), 1761. App. 577. 

Litegration of certain Differential Expressions with which pro- 
blems are connected. Woodhousb (R.), 1804. 

Report on Observations in Astronomical Physics, 1877. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 515. 

ASTRONOMY (Practical). Treatise. 

ViNCE (Rev. S.), 1790. App. 579. 
Astronomical tables. LooMis, 1868. 

In France and England. Gautier, 1825. 

ASTRONOMY (Theoretical). Relating to the Heavenly Bodies 
revolving round the Sun in accordance with the Law of Gravitation. 

Watson (J. C), 1869. 

ASTRONOMY (Special). 

Aerolites, Parallax and movement of. Petit, 1846. 

Aurora Borealis. Instructions for Observers. 

British Association, 1835. 

Physical and historical. Academie des Sciences, 1754. 

Seen at York, 24 Oct^ 1847. Phillips (J.). 



ASTBONOMT (SPECIAL). 41 

ASTRONOMY (Special)— cow<t«itte<2. 

Aurorse, their character and spectra. Capbon (J. R.), 1879. 

Comets. BieWs Comet. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1832. 

Comet of 1264 and 1556 ; expected return. 

Hind (J. R.), 1848. 

Comet of 1844-45. Pole, 1845. 

Determination of the Orbits of Comets. 

AiBY (Sir G. B.), 1839, p. 19; Legendbb, 1805-6. 

Distance of a Comet from the Earth. 

Lubbock (Sir J. W.), 1835. 

Encke's Comet. Encke, 1832. 

Hailey's Comet. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1837. 

Reduction of the observations made in 1835 and 1836. 

AiBY (Sir G. B.), 1847, p. 22. 



Halley's investigation of the orbits of Comets. ' 

RiGAUD (S. P.), 1835; Rigaud, 1835. App. 574. 

Eclipses. General properties of, and particularly the Eclipse of 
1748. Smith (George), 1748. App. 577. 

Eclipse of Agathocles. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1857, p. 20. 

at Larissa. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1857, p. 20. 

at Stiklastad. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1857, p. 20. 

of Thales. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1857, p. 20. Ottmann's cal- 

culation. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1858, p. 18. Result of 
recent calculations. Aiby (SirG. B.), 1853, p. 21. 

■ Suria Siddhdnta and the Hindu method of calculating 
them. Spottiswoodb (W.), 1863. 

Jupiter. Corrections of Bouvard's elements of the Orbits of 
Jupiter and Saturn. Gbebnwich Observatory, 1869. 

Proposed devotion of an Observatory to the observation of 

Jupiter's satellites. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1872, p. 22. 

Latitude found from the altitude of the polar star. 

Salmon (W.), 1850. 
Longitude. Astronomical Observations made to find the longi- 
tude of Madeira. Tiabks (J. L.), 1822. 
Mars in right ascension at the opposition of 1860. 

Aiby (Sir G. B)., 1858, p. 17. 

Meridian. Cape Observatory Verification and extension of La 

Caille's Arc of Meridian. Cape Town. 

How to establish a true Meridian. Haupt (L. M.), 1891. 

■ Observations in 1825 for determining the difference of the 

Meridians of Greenwich and Paris. 

Hebschel (Sir J. P. W.), 1826. 
Meteors. Falling Stars and Meteors in general. Fobsteb, 1846. 
Meteor seen 19 Dec, 1849. Fobbes (J. D.). 

Meteors in India. Buist, 1850. 

vol. I. G 



42 ASTRONOMY (sPBCIAL). 

ASTRONOMY (Svecial)— continued. 

Meteors. Phenomena of Meteors. Loseby, 1867. 

Meteorite No. 2 from Gilgoin Station. 

Russell (H. C), 1893. 

Iron Meteorite found at St. Juliao de Moreira. 

Beusande (A.), 1888. 

Shooting Stars. Lubbock (Sir J. W.), 1848-49. 

Moon. Airless and Waterless condition of the. Grexsted, 1888. 

Apparent acceleration of the Moon's mean motion in Longi- 
tude. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1866, 1880, p. 22. 

Conjectures on the physical condition of the surface of the 

moon. Babbage (C), 1847. 

CoronsB around the Moon. Jordan (C. W.), 1799. 

Eclipse of the Moon observed at Graham's in Fleet Street. 

Bevis (J.), and Short, 1749. App. 548. 

May 8, 1762, Account of. Short (J.). App. 576. 

Elements of the Moon's Orbit. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1859, p. 16. 

Lunar Inequalities. La Place, 1820. 

Lunar Surface and its temperature. Ericsson, 1886. 

Lunar Tables. La Place, 1820. 

Lunar Theory. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1831, p. 17. 

Lunar Theory, new method. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1874, p. 18. 

Method determining the mass of the Moon from transit of 

Venus observations. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1829, p. 18. 

Method of clearing the Lunar Distance. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1881, p. 18. 

Moon turning on its own axis. Answer to Ferguson's 

essay on. Eerguson (J.), 1748. App. 557. 

Motions. Mayer, 1770. 

Phenomena of the Harvest Moon and description of a new 

four-wheeled Orrery. Ferguson (J.), 1747, '48. 

App. 556 and 557. 
■ Reduction of Observations of the Moon from 1750 to 1830, 

1831 to 1851. Greenwich Observatory. 
Tables. Hansen (P. A.), 1857. 

Tables for correcting Lunar Distances. Curtis (J. G. C), 

1836, Corrections to Hansen's Tables of the Moon. 

Newcomb, 1876. 

Theory of the Moon and the perturbations of the planets, 

1834-50. Lubbock (Sir J. W.). New Improvement of 
the theory of. Browne (Robert), 1731. App. 550. 

- Time and Tide, a Romance of the Moon. 

Ball (Sir R. S.), 1889. 
Transits of the Moon md fixed stars. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1850, p. 22. 



ASTRONOMY (sPKCIAL). 43 

ASTRONOMY (SpECiAh)— continued. 

Neptune, Lectures on the new planet. Neptune and its discovery. 

Jerwood (J.), 1849. App. 563. 

* "Neptune and the Royal Astronomical Society's Medal." 

Reply to Mr. Babbage's letter to the Times on. 

Sheepshanks (Rev. R.), 1847. App. 576. 

■' Story of the new planet Neptune. 

Anonymous, 1847. App. 545. 

Occultations and Eclipses observed at Dorchester, Mass. 

Bond (W. C), 1829. App. 549. 

' Apparent projection of stars upon the Moon's disk in. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1859, p. 19. 

Orion. Variability and periodical nature of the Star a Orionis. 

Herschbl (Sir J. F. W.), 1841. 

Planets. Calculation of the perturbations of the small planets 
and the Comets of short period. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1834, p. 19. 

Experiments on the light given by Venus, Mars, Jupiter, 

and Saturn, as compared with that of the fixed stars, 
and on the relative whiteness of their surfaces. 

Seidel (P. L.), 1859. 

Formation of greater Planets. Cadet, 1860. 

Method of computing the Perturbations of Planets. 

Encke, 1852. 

The Planets upon Cardioides. Carruthers, 1888. 

Planetary Theory. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1831, p. 17. 

Reductions of Planetary Observations, 1750 to 1830, 1831, 

1835. Greenwich Observatory, 1845, 1864. 

Stars. Apparent motion observed in some of the fixed stars. 

Bradley (Dr. J.), 1747. 

Approximate places of 321 new double and triple stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1 825. 

Catalogue of Stai's from Flamsteed's Observations. 

Herschel (Carolina), 1798. 

Catalogue of stars observed at United States Naval Obser- 

vatory during years 1845-1877. Yarnall (M.), 1889. 

Catalogue of known variable Stars. Gore (J. E.), 1884. 

Catalogue of 6,415 Stars for the epoch, 1870. Glasgow 

Observatory. Grant (R.), 1893. 

Catalogues of Stars, 1836, '43, '49, '56. 

Greenwich Observatory. 

Determination of the motion of the Solar system in fixed 

unalterable space. Gardiner (M.), 1883. 

Formulas for Binary Stars. Gore (J. E.), 1886. 

- List of test objects, principally double Stars, for the - trial 

of telescopes. Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1834. 



44 ASTRONOMY (sPECIAL). 

ASTRONOMY (Special)— con/tnw«d. 

Stars. Micrometrical Measures of Double Stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1831, '34. 

Movement of the Stars. Pimentel, 1874. 

New Star in Auriga. Huggins (W.), 1892. 

New Tables for facilitating the computation of precession, 

aberration and nutation of 2881 principal fixed stars. 

Baily, 1827. 

Notice of the Elliptic Orbits of ^ Bootis and rj Coronae. 

Herschel (Sii- J. F. W.), 1833. 

-^ — Observations made with a twenty-feet reflecting Telescope. 
lst-6th Catalogues of double and triple stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1826-32. 

Observations of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1833. 

Occupations of the Fixed Stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1824. 

■' Orbits of revolving double Stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1832, 

Parallax of the fixed stars. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1826, '27. 

Physical connection between Stars forming binary or multiple 

groups. Forbes (J. D.), 1849-50, 

Places of 5,345 stars observed from 1828 to 1854 at the 

Armagh Observatory. Robinson (T. R.), 1859. 

— — Planetary and Stellar Worlds. Mitchell (O. M.), 1850. 

Planetary and Stellar Universe. Mann (R. J.), 1845. 

Plurality of Worlds. Anonymous, 1853, p. 50. 

Probable Orbit of a Binary Star. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1849. 

Red Stars. Cunningham Memoirs, vol. 5. 

Royal Irish Academy, 1880-88. 

Revision and re-arrangement of the Constellations. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1841. 

- Revision of the Nomenclature of Stars. 

British Association, 1848. 

Sidereal Chromatics. The colours of multiple Stars. 

Smyth (Admiral W. H.), 1864. 

- Star Atlas and tables to facilitate the determining of the 

true meridian. Donkin (J. B.), 1872. 

Stars of the constellations of Bode visible in the latitude 

of Greenwich. British Association. 

■ Stars Double and Triple. Catalogue of 838. 

South (Sir J.), 1826. 

' Stellar Astronomical Studies. The Milky Way and the 

distance of fixed Stars. Struve (F. G. W.), 1847. 



ASTRONOMY (sPECIAL). 45 

ASTRONOMY (Special)— con<tntteii. 

Stars. Stellar Universe. Thomas (W. J.), 1882. 

Sun. Arrangement for observing the passage of the Sun's Image 
across the wires of a Telescope. Sang (E.), 1887. 

Contributions to Solar Physics. Lockter, 1874. 

CoronsB around the sun. Jordan (C. W.), 1799. 

Correction of Solar Tables required by Mr. South's 

observations. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1827, p. 22. 

■ Description of a new Astronomical Botula for showing 

Rising and Settmg of the Sun. 

Margetts (G.), 1790. App. 567. 

■ Discordances between the Sun's observed computed ascen- 

sions, 1821, 1822. South (Sir J.), 1826. 

Distance. Means available in the next 25 years for correcting 

the measure. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1857, p. 20. 

Eclipse (annular) of the sun, Sept. 7, 1820. Baily, 1818. 

Eclipse of 1842. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1842, p. 18. 

Total ecKpse of the sun, 1851. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1851, p. 22. 

Suggestions to Astronomers. British Association, 1858. 

Annular Eclipse of the Sun. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1858, p. 16. 

Total eclipse of the sun, 18 July, 1860, Airy (Sir G. B.), 

p. 15 ; observed at Dongalah (Nubia). Mahmoud Bey. 

Expedition to Spain for observing total eclipse of the Sun, 

July 16, 1860. Pole, 1860. 

Eclipse, 1860. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1861, pp. 17, 20. 

Observations to accompany the Map of the Shadow-path. 

ViGNOLES (C. B.), 1860. 

Eclipse, 1868. De La Rue. 

Solar Eclipse at Colombo. Observations. Grinlinton, 1868. 

Eclipse, Dec. 1870. Path of the total phase. Hind (J. R.). 

Eclipse, 9 Sept., 1885, New Zealand. New Zealand, p. 413. 

Fuel of the Sun. Williams (W. M.), 1870. 

Solar heat, substitute for fuel in tropical countries. 

Adams (W.), 1878. 

■ Light, sun spots, &c. Lopes, 1886. 
Magnetic influence in the Solar rays. Christie (S. H. ), 1 826. 

Means of determining the temperature of parts of the Sun. 

HiRN (G. A), 1885. 

Motions. Mayer, 1770. 

New process of measuring the height of the Sun. 

MiDDLETON (E. E.), 1874. 

Preservation of Solar Energy. Hirn (G. A.), 1883. 

Reports of Committee on Solar Physics, 1879, '82. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 515. 



46 ASTBONOMT (sPECIAL). 

ASTRONOMY {^fecial)— continued. 

Sun. Solar Investigations. Ericsson, 1876. 

' Solar Observations. Results, Stonyhurst College. 

Stonyhurst Coll., 1866, etc. 

Spectrum. Wave-lengths corresponding to Kischhoff's lines 

in the Solar Spectrum. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1867, p. 22. 

■ Sun's distances and the Transits of Yenus. Ellery, 1882. 

Table for determining apparent Time from observed altitudes 

of the Sun or a Star. Anonymous, 1818, p. 56. 

Table of the Bearings of the Sun between the parallels 

of U° and 20° South. Anonymous, 1858, p. 56. 

Tables Astronomiques, 1735. Acad^ie des Sciences. 

Tables of the Sun, Moon, Planets, fixed stars and satellites of 
Jupiter and Saturn, 1740. Academie des Sciences. 

Uranus, irregularities in motion. Adams, J. C, 1846. 

Satellites of Uranus. Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1834. 

Venus, effect of, on the Moon. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1847, p. 16. 

^-^ Observations of Venus, with a view to determine the moon's 
mass by Airy's method. Santini (G.) &c., 1830. 

Transit of Venus. Academie des Sciences, 1877-78. 

Transit of Venus and the Sun-distance. Smyth (C. P.), 1883. 

Method of observing and recording Transits. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1849, p. 21. 

■' Method of determining the mass of the Moon from Observs^- 

tions. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1829, p. 18. 

Voyage in California to observe Venus on the disk of the 

Sun, June 3, 1769. 

Chappe D'Auteroche (J.), 1772. App. 551. 

- Observations of the Transit of Venus, Dec. 9, 1874. Airy 

(Sir G. B.), 1881, p. 15. New South Wales, p. 400. 
Method to be used in reducing observations. Airy 
(Sir G. B.), 1875, p. 21. Preparations for the Observation. 
Airy (Sir G. B.), 1874, p. 22. Value of the mean solar 
parallax and other elements deducible from telescopic 
observations. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1877, p. 20. 

- Transit of Venus as seen at Lahore and Roorkee. Report 

on the preparations for and observations of. 

Tennant (J. F.), 1877. 

- Transits of Venus, 1874 and 1882, arrangements for observa- 

tion. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1880, p. 23. 

Transit of Venus, 1882. Airy, Sir G. B., 1864, p. 22, 1880, 

p. 21. Report of Canadian Observations. Canada, 
p. 216. Instructions for the Brazilian Commission. 

Cruls, 1882. 



ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC. 47 

ATLA.NT1C AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF. 

American Inter-Oceanic Ship Transfer. Present Aspect of the 
problem of. Moore (Robert), 1888. 

Atlantic and Gulf Ship Canal across the Peninsula of Florida. 

Atlantic and Gulf Ship Canal, 1877. 

Atlantic and Pacific Junction Railway, from Halifax to mouth of 
Frazer's River in New Caledonia. 

Smyth (Major R. C), 1849. 
Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canals and railroads. 

Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal, 1867.. 
Atlantic and Pacific Ship-railway Company. 

Atlantic and Pacific Ship-Railway Company, 1888. 

Atlanto-Pacific Ship Canal. Convention between Great 

Britain and the United States. 

Atlanto-Pacipic Canal, 1850. Add. 482. 

■ Atlanto-Pacific Canal for all nations. Humboldt Line, via the 

Atrato-Cupica valleys. Atlanto-Pacific Canal, 1853. 

Atlantic and Pacific Steam Navigation Company. 1859. 

Central America and the transit between the oceans. 

Sampson (M. B.), 1850. 

Communication between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. 

Buckler, 1886. 
International Railway. PiM (B.), 1866. 

Inter-oceanic Canal Congress held at Paris, May 1874. Instruc- 
tions to Admiral Ammen and A. G. Menocal and reports. 

Inter-oceanic Canal, 1879. Add. 511. 

Inter-oceanic Canal Congress,' Paris, 1879. 

Inter-oceanic Canal Cong. 

Inter-oceanic Canal. Essay on the question of location for a ship 
canal across the American continent. Stackle^ (H.), 1870. 
Project. Menocal, 1879. Report. San Francisco, 1880. 

Reply to Lesseps. Eads, 1880. 

Inter-oceanic problem and its scientific solution. Corthell, 1885. 

Inter-oceanic Ship Canals. Adams (J. W.), 1870. 

Isthmus. American Ship Canal. Reed (Sir E. J.), 1881. 

■ American Isthmian Transit. Ammen (D.), 1887. 

- Bulletin du Canal interoceanique. 

Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Communications between the Atlantic and Pacific. 

Atlantic and Pacific Railway, 1850. 

■ Cutting of the great ship canal through Central America. 

Byam, 1850. 

Errors and fallacies of the Inter-oceanic Transit question. 

Ammen (D.), 1886. 

Inter-oceanic Canal Projects. Adams (J. W.), 1880. 

Isthmus of Central America* Fitzroy, 1851. 



48 ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC. 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF-^cantinued. 

Plans for connecting by a navigable canal. Glynn, 1849. 

Practicability and Importance of a Ship Canal to connect the 
Atlantic and PaciSc Oceans. 

Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal, 1855. 

Practicability of a Ship Canal without locks by the valley of the 
Atrato. Kelley (F. M.), 1856, '57 ; Pitman (R. B.), 1825. 

Proposed American Inter-Oceanic Canal in its Commercial 
Aspects. NiMMO (J.), 1880. Add. 523. 

Proposed Inter-oceanic Ship Canal across the American Isthmus. 

Ammbn (D.), 1878. 

Proposed lines for Inter-oceanic Canals and Bailroads. 

Davis (C. H.), 1866. 

Keports on the Studies of the International Commission of 
Exploration of the American Isthmus. 

Wyse (L. N. B.), Reclus and Sosa, 1879. 

Surveys for a Sliip Canal across the American Isthmus. 

Ammen (D.), 1876. 

United States Ship Canal Company. Destruction of Greytown 
by the United States Corvette " Cyane," July 13, 1854. 

Carmichael (J.), 1856. 

Darien Canal. 

A Darien «. the Suez Canal. Darien Canal, 1876. 

Darien Inter-oceanic Canal. Darien Canal, 1876. 

Expedition against the Isthmus of Darien under the Command of 
Sir G. M. McGregor. Weatherhead (W. D.), 1821. 

Explorations and Surveys. Darien Canal, 1874. 

Gulf of Darien and Pacific Ocean Ship Canal and Steam 
Navigation Company. Prospectus, 1845. Gulp of Darien. 

Isthmus of Darien in 1852. Gisborne. 

Isthmus of Darien Ship Canal. History, letters and reports. 

Cullen, 1853, '56, '57. 

Memorial to William III. on Darien and the rise and decHne 
of Commerce. Paterson (W.), 1852, 

Report on the studies of the International Commission for the 
exploration of the Darien Isthmus. Wyse (L. N. B.), 1877. 

Societies founded in Paris for its colonisation and canalisation. 

Samper (J.), 1862. 

Survey for an Inter-oceanic Ship Canal. Darien Canal, 1861. 

Eads Hallway, See Tehaantepec. 

Honduras Railway. 

Honduras Inter-oceanic Railway. Brooks (W. A.), 1874 ; Hon- 
duras, 1872. ReportSj etc. SqXjier (E. G.), 1854-57, 



ATtANTIC AND PACIFIC. 49 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF—dontimed. 

Nicarcigua Canal, 

At the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Nicabaoua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Railway through Nicaragua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Railway, 1866. 

Bird's-eye Yiew of th&Interoceanic Canal of Nicaragua and Costa 
Rica. Leuthneb. 

Contract, 1863. Nicabaoua. 

Convention, 1850. Proposed Convention, 1859. Convention, 

1869. NiCABAGUA. 

Description of Route, estimated cost and business, 1886. 

NiCABAGUA. 

Distance saved by the Nicaragua and Costa Rica Candl. 

NiCABAGUA. 

Maritime Gateway to the Pacific. Thwaitb, 1893. 

Mosquito, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Mosquito, 1849. 

Nicaragua and the Filibusters, 1856. Nicabagua. 

Nicaragua Canal. Ammbn (D.), 1886; Bouniceau, 1879. 

Nicaragua Canal, 1846. Nicabagua. 

Nicaragua proposed interoceanic canal and projected routes. 

Squibb (E. G.), 1851, 1852. 

Nicaragua Railway, 1866. Nicabagua. 

Nicaraguan Railway Route. Maubt, 1866. 

Piercing of the isthmus by the Nicaragua Canal. Bellt, 1858. 

Plans, etc. Thom^ de Gamond (A), 1858. 

Possible effects of earthquake shocks on the structure of the 
Canal. Dutton (C. E.), 1891. 

Profile, 1888. Nicabagua. 

Railway Concession to Capt. Bedford Pirn, 1865. Nicabagua. 

Report and estimate of cost. Collinson (J.), 1866. 

Report of British Engineers, 1852. Nicabagua. 

Report of Engineers of Canal Construction Co., 1889. Nicabagua 
Canal ; Nicabagua Cana], 1893. Add. 523 ; Menocal 

(A. G.), 1893. Add. 520. 

Report of Executive Committee, 1880. Nicabagua. 

Report of the U.S. Nicaragua Surveying Party, 1885. 

Menocal, 1886. 

Sanitary notes on. Bbansfobd, 1883. 

Ship Canals through Nicaragua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Steam Navigation Company, 1859. 

Survey and estimates of cost. Map and profile of route. 

Childs (O. W.), 1852. 

VOL. I. H 



(50 ATLANTIC A¥D PAOIFIC. 

> 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF— continued. 

Panama CanaL 
Canal of junction. Bouniceau, 1879 ; Garella, 1845 

Compagnie universelle du Canal interoceanique de Panama, Projet 
de loi, 1886. Panama* Correspondence. Lesseps (P. de & 

C. A. de), 1888. Panama, 1882. 

Facilities for a Ship Canal through the Isthmus of Panama. 

Lloyd (J. A.), 1850. 

Inspection, 1886. Bigelow (Hon. J.). 

Instructions to captains and pursers of Central American 
Steamers, 1862. Panama Railroad. 

Intercourse between Gn3at Britain and the Western Coast of 
South America via Panama. Lima, 1836. 

Isthmus of Panama. Chambers (W. & R.) ; Chevalier, 1884 ; 
Gbiswold, 1852 ; Panama, 1850. History. Seemann (B.), 

1867. 

Isthmus of Panama, Panama Railroad and Pacific Mail Steam- 
ship Co. Otis, 1867. 

Lesseps and his Canal. Ammen (D.), 1880. 

New Granada and the United States Diplomatic Controversy. 

Panama, 1857. 

Panama and San Bias routes. A comparative view. Shel- 
bourne (S. F.), 1880. San Bias Route. Inter-oceanic Ship 

Canal. Shelbourne (S. F.), 1880. 

Panama Canal. Dirks, 1880 ; Dumas (A.), 1891 ; Hersent, 1882 ; 
Hill (H. R.), 1845 ; Koep, 1886. Historical, technical, and 
financial. Paponot, 1888, '89, '90. History, etc. Rod- 
RiGUES (J. C), 1885. Wyse (L. N. B.), 1886 ; Zoller (H.), 
1882. Letters of an Engineer. Panama, 1887. 

Panama Railroad Company. Report, &c., 1855. 

Panama Railroad. 

Panama Ship Canal and Inter-oceanic Ship Railway Project. 

Goodwin (J. M.), 1880. 

Past, present, and future. BuNAU-VariUa, 1892. 

Progress of Work on the Panama Canal during 1885. Kimball. 

United States and the Panama CanaL Gustafson, 1882. 

Wheel carriage road across. Allsopp, 1834. 

Working of the Panama Canal. Cossoux, 1888. 

Tehuantepec Railway. 

Advantages it possesses over all other routes acrass the American 

isthmus, with reports of engineers. Stevens (S.), 1871, 1872. 

Eads Ship Railway. Eads, 1881. 

Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the Republic of Mexico. Dale (R.), 
1851 ; O'Gorman, 1846. Survey, etc. Barnard (J. G.), 

1852 ; MoRO, 1844, '45, '49. 



ATLAinnC AND PACIFIC — AUTOMATA. 51 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF—coniinued. 

Isthmian Ship Railway. Cobthell, 1886. 

Proposed Tehuantepec Ship Railway. Phelps (S. L.), 1881. 

Report on, and its practicabilities and commercial features. 

Tehuantepec Ship Rly., 1883, *84. 

Report on the subject of a ship canal across. 

Williams (J. J.), 1870. 
Reports on explorations, etc., to ascertain its practicability. 

Shufeldt (R. W.), 1872. 
Ship Railway across the isthmus of Tehuantepec. 

Eads, 1882, 1886. 

Tehuantepec Railway, its location, features and advantages. 

Stevens (S.), 1869, 1873 ; Williams (J. J.), 1870. 

Tehuantepec Ship Railway. Corthell, 1884. 

Transunion and Tehuantepec Route between Europe and Asia. 

BURWELL (W. M.), 1851. 

ATLAS. See Maps. 

ATOMS. Motion of Atoms. Smythies (J. E.), 1885. 

ATTRACTION. Attraction Theory. Smythibs (J. K.), 1850. 

Certain limitations of the law of Newtonian attraction. 

COLLIONON, 1886. 

ATTRITION, Resistance to. Maganzini, 1878. 

AUTOMATA. 

Automata : Old and new. Cooke (0. W.), 1893. 

Automaton Chess player (Kempelen's). 

Anonymous, 1772. App. 544; Booth (J.), 1821. App. 

549 ; WiNDiscH (C. G. von), 1783. App. 581. 

Automaton Chess-player redivivus. 

Anonymous, 1830. App. 544. 



52 << bacchants" — BALLOONS AND BALLOONING. 



B. 

« BACCHANTE " (H.M.S.) Cruise. Albert Victor, 1886. 

BACTERIA. Magnin and Sternberg, 1884. 

Germ Theory. Sandbbs (L.), 1889. 

See also Disinfection. 

BALANCE. 

Balance Beam. Agudio, 1887. 

Torsion Balance. Zimmbbmann (W. F.) 1885. 

BALLISTICS. See Abtillbby (Ballistics). 

BALLOONS AND BALLOONING. Account of the first Aerial 
Voyage in England, 1784. Lunardi. 

Aeronautical expedition from London to Weilburg. 

Mason (Monck), 1836, '37. 

Aeronautical Society of Great Britain. Abbonautical Society ; 

Bbearbt, 1866. 

Air-balloons and fire-balloons. Cassi^ 1883. 

Balloons and celebrated aeronauts, 1783-1890, History. 

TiSSANDIBB (G.) 

Captive Balloons. Application of steam. Mobbaud, 1863. 

Copper Air-balloon. Mabbt-Mongb, 1845. 

Dirigible. Graffignt, 1888. 

First German Balloon in Berlin. Konig. 

Five Balloon Ascents in 1863. Glaishbb. 

Giant Balloon ; account of its construction, notices on the screw 
applied to aerial navigation. Silas (F.), 1863. 

History and principles. May (G.), 1885. 

History and practice of Aerostation. Cayallo, 1785. 

Navigable Balloons. Tissandibb (G.), 1872. 

Photography from Balloons. Tissandibb (G.), 1886. 

Possibilities of Ballooning, Bubnaby, 1884. 

Proposition for a balloon railway across the Sahara Desert. 

Bbownb (J.), 1850. 
Travels in the Air. Glaishbb, 1871. 

Use in War. Espitallibb, 1888. 

Winged (The) Aerostat. Abmoub (1885). 

See also Akrial NaVICUTION. 



BANKS AND BANKING — BAROMETEBS. 53 

BANES AND BANKING. Bank Charter Act, Monetary Panics 
and their remedy. Gassiot, 1867. 

Bank Note and Banking Reform. Grbio, 1880. 

Banking and the application of recent inventions to its purposes. 

Shabp (Granville), 1852. 
Clearing-house, statistics of, Babbage (C), 1856, p. 78. 

Facts and reasons in favour of Joint Stock Banks. 

Fabben, 1833. 

Ireland. Joint Stock Banking in, Inquiry into the state of, 

particularly as regards the effects of the Bank of Ireland 

monopoly. Loyal National Repeal Assoc., 1884. Add. 516. 

Joint Stock Banks. Reports, 1836-38. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466. 

Law of Bankers' Cheques, letters of credit and drafts. 

Shaw (G. J.), 1871. 

Savings Banks, Belgium, for Miners, 1879, &c. Belgium, p. 117. 

Deposits in Naval Savings Banks, 1891-2. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466. 

BAROMETERS. Mijlleb (F. C. G.), 1889. 

Aneroid Barometer. Dent (E. J.), 1848-'49. App. 554. 
Construction, Fbodsham, 1849 ; Plympton, 1881. Direc- 
tions for use, DiZEY, 1892 ; Whympeb (E.), 1891. Descrip- 
tion. Belville (J. H.) 1849. App. 547. Newly invented 
portable barometer. Dent, 1849.' Remarks, Fbodsham (C), 

1849, p. 558, 
Barometers at a constant level and a variable leveL 

Delcbos, 1841. 

Barometric Tables for engineers, geologists, and scientific 

travellers. Galbbaith (W.), 1833. 

Board of Trade Manual, 1871. Meteobological Office, p. 346. 
Coast or fishery barometer Manual, 1869. 

Meteobological Office, p. 346. 
Companion to the Mountain Barometer. Jones (T.), 1820. 

Comparison of Schuckburgh and Col. Roy's Rules for the 
measurement of heights with the barometer. 

Shuckbubgh (Sir G.), 1778. App. 576. 

Constants of the Barometric Formulae which make allowance 
for the hygrometric state of the Atmosphere. 

Renhie (H. L.), 1859. 

Critical history of the Barometer. Its construction, etc. 

Deluc (J. A.), 1772. App. 553. 

Determination of heights from Barometer readings. Aiby 
(Sir G. B.), 1867, p. 19. For measuring the height of 
mountains and the depth of mines. Magellan, 1779. 
Observations made in Savoy in order to ascertain height of 
mountains by means of the Barometer. Schuckbubgh 

(Sir G.), 1777. Apjp..576. 



54 BAB0HETEB8 — BABS AT BIYEB MOUTBS. 

BAROMETERS^conftnweef. 

Diurnal Yariation of Barometric Pressure. Cole (F. N.), 1892. 

Historical notice of Barometers. Dent, 1849. 

Manual. Beltille, 1849. 

Manual f(»r the use of seamen. Meteobologigal Office, p. 346. 

Measurement of Altitudes. Ruhlmank (R.), 1870. 

Mountain Barometer. Method of determining altitudes of 
every denomination. Enqlefield (Sir H. E.), 1811. App. 
556. Tables, calculated and stereoglyphed by Scheutz's 
Calculating Machine. No. 2. Gbavatt, 1859. A new 
Barometric Formula for considering the hygrometric condition 
of the atmosphere for Mountain Heights. Rennt (H. L.), 

1857, 

Self-registering Barometer. Description of. 

Bbyson (R.), 1844. App. 550. 

Siphon Barometers. Aibt (Sir G. B.), 1861, p. 23. 

Table of Barometrical Heights. Mackest, 1879. 

Tables barometriques portatives. Bior, 1811. 

Use of Barometers on Surveys and Reconnaissances. 

Williamson (R. S.), 1868. 

Variation of Barometer in the climate of Britain. 

HowABD (L.), 1847. 

Wind Barometer and the Winds, Gamble, 1882. 

BARRACKS, Tollbt, 1882. 

Barracks, etc., drawings constructed under the Barrack Loan 
Act. School of Military Engineering, 1893, 

Chatham. Marine Barracks, prices for additional buildings. 

Chatham, 1800. 

Plan. Chatham, 1858, 1879. 

Damages, Boynton (F.), 1891, 

France. For Infantry or Cavalry. Hobeau, 1856. 

India. Defects in the New Barracks^ Allahabad, 1870. 

India, p. 109. 
Indian Stations, Barracks for. India, 1864, Add 510. 

Mediterranean Stations, 1863. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466. 
Sagar. Failure of the Infantry Barracks, 1872. India, p. 130. 
Sanitary Condition, 1861. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466» 

BARS AT RIVER MOUTHS. 

Cause of formation. Bbooks (W. A.), 1863, 

Causes of their formation, and on their treatment by " Inducei 

Tidal Scour." Mann (I. J.), 1881, 

Danube. Remarks on the comparative conditions of its different 

mouths and branches. Spbatt (T. A. B.), 1858. 

Mersey Bar. Dredging Operations. Lyster, 1893. 



BAB8 AT RIVBR MOUTHS — VKAOOOKS, BEG. 55 

BABS AT BIYER MOT7THS— coi^hmmL 

Misfidfisippi (month of the). Vanoos plans for deepetmg its bar. 

KsAFP (H. F.X 1^76. 

New South Wales. BeoiOTal of Ban from the cstearies to our 

Brivers. Shkllbhkas (W.), 1884. 

Fort Said, the Entranoe to the Saes GanaL Rapid sikiii^ in 
progress. Spkatt (T. A. B.), 1870. 

Sandy Hook Bar. Port of Nev York, deepening. 

KsAPP (H. F.), 1881. 

Teigmnoath Bar. Investigatkm of ita movemenis. 

Spkatt (T. a. B.X 1856. 

Bio Grande do Sul, BraziL Impro v em ent of the Bar of. 

BiGAiAO, 1884; Hauft (L. IL), 1888. 

See aUo Dbltajb. 

basalt. Supposed changes Basaltic Veins hare suflei e d dnring 
their passage throv^ and ccmtact with stratified rodsL 

Bku. (Sir L LuX 1875, pu 120. 
BATHS AND WASHHOUSES. 

Baths and Washhonses. Ashfitkl and Whicfaeotd, 1853 ; 

Balt, 1852 ; Cape, 1854. 
FubHc (and private) Baths. Schitltzb (R.), 1893, "94. 

Bath. Pablic Baths. Asmsxkovg, W. (1838). 

France. Frahcb, 1859, p. 435. 

liverpooL Beport on Baths and Washhonses. 

KswLAJms, J., 1856. 

BATTEBIES (Primabt and Ssoosdakt). See ELEcnacnr 

(Batteries). 

BATTLES. Defence of a position selected as a field of battle. 

Fbasb (T.), 1875. 
Maps of the battlefidd of Gettysburg. Getttsbctbg, 187fi. 

BEACH. Baised Beach on the Thatcher Rock. Hun (A. R.), 1888. 

BEACONS, BUOYS, SEA LIGHTS, Bic 

Beaconage of the Coast of France. Retvauio (L.), 1864, 1876. 

Proposals for the illnminatkm of Beacons and Bnojs. 

Stevesbon fT.), 1870. 

Beacons, Buoys, Signals, etc. Sauttsb (L.), 1880. 

Buoys and Maritime lights in England and Scotland. 

Degrajtd, 1836. 

Construction and price of Catadioptric Sea li^^bts, optical and 
mechanical portions. Wiumis (W.), 1851. 

Dipping and apparent lights for sonken ree& and pierheads of 
harbours. Stetesbon (T.), 1854. 



56 BEACONS, ETC. — BEAMS (STRAINS IN). 

BEACONS, BUOYS, SEA LIGHTS, 'ETC—conHnued. 

Dunkirk. Dunkirk, 1874. 

Easy placing of Buoys and Beacons in maritime channels. 

Vauthibr, 1879. 

Prance. Rbynaud (L.), 1883. 

Gas-illuminated buoy. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Co., 1879, 1881, 1885. 

Goodwin and other Sands. Proposed plan for Refuge beacon on. 

WORTHINGTON (B.), 1840. 

Harbour Lights, Light Buoys and Beacons in Italy. 

Lo Gatto, 1893. 

Illumination of beacons at sea by Electricity communicated 
' through wires connected with the shore. Experiments. 

Stevenson (T.), 1867. 
Lightships. Adams (W. H. D.), 1878, 

■ Communication between lightship and shore and lightship 
and lightship. Rothert (R. C), 1881. 

— Lightboats, lightships, gas lighting. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, 1881, 1885. 

■ Lightships, Buoys and Beacons. Gordon (A.), 1863. 

New Marine Signal light (Magnesium). 

Thurston (R. H.), 1866, p. 310. 

Report of Commissioners on Lights, Buoys and Beacons, 1861. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 483. 

Sounding and luminous buoys. Aliard, 1882. 

United States Beacons, Buoys, Floating lights, etc. Public 
Documents, Reports, Laws relating to, etc. 

United States, p. 350. 
See also Lighthouses. 

BEAMS. Zabaolia and Fontana, 1743. 

Beam, The. Baker (W. L.), 1892. 

Cast-Iron Beams. Essay on the construction of the five architec- 
tural sections of. Turnbull (W.), 1833. 

Concrete and Iron Beams. Edwards (F. G.), 1894. 

Continuous Beams, Theory of. Heppel, 1870 ; 

Rankine (W. J. M.), 1870. 

Solution of problems in Continuous Beams. 

Perry (Prof. J.) and Ayrton (W. E.), 1879. 

Wrought and Cast iron Beams. Davies (T.), 1856. 

Wrought Iron Beams. Economic distribution of material in the 
sides or vertical portion of. Barton (J.), 1856. 

BEAMS (Strains in). 

Flexure and Transverse Resistance of Beams. Emery, 1879. 

New Formulas for the loads and deflections of Solid Beams and 

Girders. Donaldson (W.), 1872. 



(sfSAiss or) — Bmt.wwKiiFiiT> 5T 



BSAIES ^nuiSB ts] 

Bwas ta aire of beHiiis» iiMorj. Cu»c, 18S0. 

Steains m tlie interior of Beuns and TabQ]«r Bridges* 

AiRT (Sir Q. &), 1863, p. SL 
Stnins i^on tiie Diagonals of Lattioo Bonds, 

DoTOB and Blood, 1$5S« 
Stress in Beams. Leetnros. XJnwin (W, C), 1868* 

Treatne aa iha Strength and Dimensians ot Cast Iron Beams 
when expoaed to transverse strains, eta 

TuRWBUU. (W.), 1831, 'Sa. 
See dao Girdbbs. 

BEAT7TY. Oreek Principles. JOPUNQ, 1849. 

BELLS. 

Gonstitaent parts of Bells. Proportions of. Harrison (James), 

1831. App. 560 j Harrison (John), 18SL 
Musical Handbell-Ringer's Listructor. OosLiN, 1879. 

Japan. Prehistoric Bnmze Bells. Monrob, 1877. 

Westminster Great BelL Bakbr (W. L.), 1857. 

BELI^ (Electric). Installation and Maintenance. Fournibr, 1886. 
Practical Electric bell fitting. Allsop (E. 0.), 1890. 

BELTS. 

Belts and Pulleys. Cromwbll, 1885. 

Belt Driving. Halliday (G.), 1894. Add. 505. 

Table of the power'of Leather Belting and Shafts. Hbtt, 1889. 

BIBLE. New Manual of Biblical Gosmography. 

Hampden (J.), 1877. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

American (North) Invertebrate Paleontology. Supplement to 
the bibliography of. White (0. A.) and Nicholson, 1879. 

American (North) Mammals. Gill (T.) andCoues, 1877. Meso- 
zoic Invertebrata. Botle (C. B.), 1893 ; Boylb, Add. 486. 

Annual Literary Index. Fletcher and Bowker, 1893, dsc. 

Architecture, Mechanical Engineering and military and naval 
science. Catalogues of books on. Wealb (J.), 1860, 1861. 

Architecture and Engineering. Statistical notices of puhVwMumH 
on. Wealb (J.), 1859. 

Astronomical Bibliography. 

La Lande (J. J. le F. de)« 1803. App. 565. 

Best Books. Sonnenschein (W. H.), 1891. 

vol. l I 



48 . ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC. 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF^-continued. 

Plans for connecting by a navigable canal. Glynn, 1849. 

PracticabiKty and Importance of a Ship Canal to connect the 
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. 

Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal, 1855. 

Practicability of a Ship Canal without locks by the valley of the 
Atrato. Kelley (F. M.), 1856, '57 ; Pitman (R. B.), 1825. 

Proposed American Inter-Oceanic Canal in its Commercial 
Aspects. NiMMO (J.), 1880. Add. 523. 

Proposed Inter-oceanic Ship Canal across the American Isthmus. 

Ammbn (D.), 1878. 

Proposed lines for Inter-oceanic Canals and Railroads. 

Davis (C. H.), 1866. 

Reports on the Studies of the International Commission of 
Exploration of the American Isthmus. 

Wyse (L. N. B.), Reclus and Sosa, 1879. 

Surveys for a Ship Canal across the American Isthmus. 

Ammbn (D.), 1876. 

United States Ship Canal Company. Destruction of Greytown 
by the United States Corvette " Cyane," July 13, 1854. 

Cabmichael (J.), 1856. 

Darien Canal. 

A Darien v, the Suez Canal. Darien Canal, 1876. 

Darien Inter-oceanic Canal. Darien Canal, 1876. 

Expedition against the Isthmus of Darien under the Command of 
Sir G. M. McGregor. Weatherhead (W. D.), 1821. 

Explorations and Surveys. Darien Canal, 1874. 

Gulf of Darien and Pacific Ocean Ship Canal and Steam 
Navigation Company. Prospectus, 1845. Gulp of Darien. 

Isthmus of Darien in 1852. Gisborne. 

Isthmus of Darien Ship Canal. History, letters and reports. 

CuLLEN, 1853, '66, '57. 

Memorial to William III. on Darien and the rise and decline 
of Commerce. Paterson (W.), 1852, 

Report on the studies of the International Commission for the 
exploration of the Darien Isthmus. Wyse (L. N. B.), 1877. 

Societies founded in Paris for its colonisation and canalisation. 

Samper (J.), 1862. 

Survey for an Inter-oceanic Ship Canal. Darien Canal, 1861. 

Eada Bailway. See Tehuantepec, 

Honduras Bailway, 

Honduras Inter-oceanic Railway. Brooks (W. A.), 1874 ; Hon- 
duras, 1872. ReportSj etc. SgtJiER (E. G.), 1854-57, 



ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC. 49 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF-^emiinued. 

Nicaragiia Canal, 

At the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Nicaragua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Railway through Nicaragua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Railway, 1866. 

Bird's-eye View of thelnteroceanic Canal of Nicaragua and Costa 

Rica. Leuthner. 

Contract, 1863. Nicaragua. 

Convention, 1850. Proposed Convention, 1859. Convention, 
1869. Nicaragua. 

Description of Route, estimated cost and business, 1886. 

Nicaragua. 
Distance saved by the Nicaragua and Costa Rica Can^. 

Nicaragua. 

Maritime Gateway to the Pacific. Thwaitb, 1893. 

Mosquito, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Mosquito, 1849. 

Nicaragua and the Filibusters, 1856. Nicaragua. 

Nicaragua CanaL Ammbn (D.), 1886; Bouniceau, 1879. 

Nicaragua Canal, 1846. Nicaragua. 

Nicaragua proposed interoceanic canal and projected routes. 

Squier (E. G.), 1851, 1852. 
Nicaragua Railway, 1866. Nicaragua. 

Nicaraguan Railway Route. Maury, 1866. 

Piercing of the isthmus by the Nicaragua Canal. Belly, 1858. 
Plans, etc. Thom^ de Gamond (A), 1858. 

Possible effects of earthquake shocks on the structure of the 
Canal. Dutton (C. E.), 1891. 

Profile, 1888. Nicaragua. 

Railway Concession to Capt. Bedford Pirn, 1865. Nicaragua. 

Report and estimate of cost. Collinson (J.), 1866. 

Report of British Engineers, 1852. Nicaragua. 

Report of Engineers of Canal Construction Co., 1889. Nicaragua 
Canal; Nicaragua Cana], 1893. Add. 523; Menocal 

(A. G.), 1893. Add. 520. 

Report of Executive Committee, 1880. Nicaragua. 

Report of the U.S. Nicaragua Surveying Party, 1885. 

Menocal, 1886. 

Sanitary notes on. Bransford, 1883. 

Ship Canals through Nicaragua. 

Atlantic and Pacific Steam Navigation Company, 1859. 

Survey and estimates of cost. Map and profile of route. 

Childs (O. W.), 1852. 

VOL. I. H 



(50 ATLANTIC AND PAOIFIG. 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF— continued, 

Panama Canal. 
Canal of junction. Bouniceau, 1879 ; Garella, 1845 

Compagnie universelle du Canal interoceanique de Panama, Projet 
de loi, 1886. Panama. Correspondence. Lesseps (P. de <k 

C. A. de), 1888. Panama, 1882. 

Facilities for a Ship Canal through the Isthmus of Panama. 

Lloyd (J. A.), 1850. 

Inspection, 1886. Bigelow (Hon. J.). 

Instructions to captains and pursers of Central American 
Steamers, 1862. Panama Railroad. 

Intercourse between Grr3at Britain and the Western Coast of 
South America via Panama. Lima, 1836. 

Isthmus of Panama. Chambers (W. & R.) ; Chevalier, 1884 ; 
Griswold, 1852; Panama, 1850. History. Seemann (B.), 

1867. 

Isthmus of Panama, Panama Railroad and Pacific Mail Steam- 
ship Co. Otis, 1867. 

Lesseps and his Canal. Ammen (D.), 1880. 

New Granada and the United States Diplomatic Controversy. 

Panama, 1857. 

Panama and San Bias routes. A comparative view. Shel- 
bourne (S. F.), 1880. San Bias Route. Inter-oceanic Ship 

Canal. Shelbourne (S. F.), 1880. 

Panama Canal. Dirks, 1880 ; Dumas (A.), 1891 ; Hersent, 1882 ; 
Hill (H. R.), 1845 ; Koep, 1886. Historical, technical, and 
financial. Paponot, 1888, '89, '90. History, etc. RoD- 
RiGUES (J. C), 1885. Wyse (L. N. B.), 1886 ; Z6ller (H.), 
1882. Letters of an Engineer. Panama, 1887. 

Panama Railroad Company. Report, &c., 1855. 

Panama Railroad. 

Panama Ship Canal and Inter-oceanic Ship Railway Project. 

Goodwin (J. M.), 1880. 

Past, present, and future. BuNAU-Varilla, 1892. 

Progress of Work on the Panama Canal during 1885. Kimball. 

United States and the Panama Canal. Gustafson, 1882. 

Wheel carriage road across. Allsopp, 1834. 

Working of the Panama Canal. Cossoux, 1888. 

Tehuantepec Bailway, 

Advantages it possesses over all other routes across the American 
isthmus, with reports of engineers. Stevens (S.), 1871, 1872. 

Eads Ship Railway. Eads, 1881. 

Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the Republic of Mexico. Dale (R.), 
1851 ; O'Gorman, 1846. Survey, etc. Barnard (J. G.), 

1852 ; MoRO, 1844, '45, '49. 



ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC — AUTOMATA. 51 

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC, JUNCTION OF— continued. 

Isthmian Ship Kail way. Cobthell, 1886. 

Proposed Tehuantepec Ship Railway. Phelps (S. L.), 1881. 

Report on, and its practicabilities and commercial features. 

Tehuantepec Ship Rly., 1883, '84. 

Report on the subject of a ship canal across. 

Williams (J. J.), 1870* 
Reports on explorations, etc., to ascertain its practicability. 

Shufeldt (R. W.), 1872. 
Ship Railway across the isthmus of Tehuantepec. 

Eads, 1882, 1886. 

Tehuantepec Railway, its location, features and advantages. 

Stevens (S.), 1869, 1873 ; Williams (J. J.), 1870. 

Tehuantepec Ship Railway. Corthell, 1884. 

Transunion and Tehuantepec Route between Europe and Asia. 

BURWELL (W. M.), 1851. 

ATLAS. iSeeMAPS. 

ATOMS. Motion of Atoms. Smythies (J. K.), 1885. 

ATTRACTION. Attraction Theory. Smythies (J. K.), 1850. 

Certain limitations of the law of Newtonian attraction. 

COLLIONON, 1886. 

ATTRITION, Resistance to. Maganzini^ 1878. 

AUTOMATA. 

Automata : Old and new. Cooke (C. W.), 1893. 

Automaton Chess player (Kempelen's). 

Anonymous, 1772. App. 544; Booth (J.), 1821. App. 

549 ; WiNDiscH (C. G. von), 1783. App. 581. 

Automaton Chess-player redivivus. 

Anonymous, 1830. App. 544. 



52 <<BACCHANTK" — BALLOONS AND BALLOONING. 



B. 

« BACCHANTE " (H.M.S.) Cruise. Albert Victor, 1886. 

BACTERIA. Magnin and Sternberg, 1884. 

Germ Theory. Sandbes (L.), 1889. 

See aUo Disinfection. 

BALANCE. 

Balance Beam. Agudio, 1887. 

Torsion Balance. Zimmermann (W. F.) 1885. 

BALLISTICS. See Artillery (Ballistics). 

BALLOONS AND BALLOONING. Account of the first Aerial 
Voyage in England, 1784. Lunardi. 

Aeronautical expedition from London to Weilburg. 

Mason (Monck), 1836, '37. 

Aeronautical Society of Great Britain. Aeronautical Society ; 

Brearet, 1866. 

Air-balloons and fire-balloons. Cass£, 1883. 

Balloons and celebrated aeronauts, 1783-1890, History. 

TiSSANDIER (G.) 

Captive Balloons. Application of steam. Moreaud, 1863. 

Copper Air-balloon. Maret-Monge, 1845. 

Dirigible. Graffignt, 1888. 

First German Balloon in Berlin. Konio. 

Five Balloon Ascents in 1863. Glaisher. 

Giant Balloon ; account of its construction, notices on the screw- 
applied to aerial navigation. Silas (F.), 1863. 
History and principles. Mat (G.), 1885. 
History and practice of Aerostation. Cayallo, 1785. 
Navigable Balloons. Tissandier (G.), 1872. 
Photography from Balloons. Tissandier (G.), 1886. 
Possibilities of Ballooning. Burnabt, 1884. 

Proposition for a balloon railway across the Sahara Desert. 

Browne (J.), 1850. 
Travels in the Air. Glaisher, 1871. 

Use in War. Espitallier, 1888. 

Winged (The) Aerostat. Armour (1885). 

See also Akrial Navigation. 



BANKS AND BANKING — BABOMETEBS. 53 

BANKS AND BANEING. Bank Charter Act, Monetary Panics 

and their remedy. Gassiot, 1867. 

Bank Note and Banking Beform. Gbeig, 1880. 

Banking and the application of recent inventions to its purposes. 

Shabp (Granville), 1852. 

Clearing-house, statistics of, Babbage (C), 1856, p. 78. 

Facts and reasons in favour of Joint Stock Banks. 

Fabben, 1833. 

Ireland. Joint Stock Banking in, Inquiry into the state of, 
particularly as regards the effects of the Bank of Ireland 
monopoly. Loyal National Repeal Assoc., 1884. Add. 516, 

Joint Stock Banks. Reports, 1836-38. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466, 

Law of Bankers' Cheques, letters of credit and drafts. 

Shaw (G. J.), 1871. 

Savings Banks, Belgium, for Miners, 1879, &c. Belgium, p. 117, 

Deposits in Naval Savings Banks, 1891-2. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p, 466, 

BAROMETERS, Mijlleb (F. 0. G.), 1889. 

Aneroid Barometer. Dent (E. J.), 1848-'49. App. 554. 
Construction, Fbodsham, 1849 ; Plympton, 1881, Direc- 
tions for use, DiZEY, 1892 ; Whympeb (E.), 1891. Descrip- 
tion. Belville (J. H.) 1849. App. 547. Newly invented 
portable barometer. Dent, 1849.' Remarks, Fbodsham (C), 

1849, p. 558, 
Barometers at a constant level and a variable level 

Delcbos, 1841. 

Barometric Tables for engineers, geologists, and scientific 

travellers. Galbbaith (W.), 1833. 

Board of Trade Manual, 1871. Meteobological Office, p. 346, 
Coast or fishery barometer Manual, 1869. 

Meteobological Office, p. 346. 
Companion to the Mountain Barometer. Jones (T.), 1820. 

Comparison of Schuckburgh and Col. Roy's Rules for the 
measurement of heights with the barometer. 

Shuckbubgh (Sir G.), 1778. App. 576. 

Constants of the Barometric Formulae which make allowance 
for the hygrometric state of the Atmosphere. 

Rbnnie (H. L.), 1859. 

Critical history of the Barometer. Its construction, etc. 

Deluc (J. A.), 1772. App. 553. 

Determination of heights from Barometer readings. Aiby 
(Sir G. B.), 1867, p. 19. For measuring the height of 
mountains and the depth of mines. Magellan, 1779. 
Observations made in Savoy in order to ascertain height of 
mountains by means of the Barometer. Schuckbuboh 

(Sir G.), 1777, Apjp. .576. 



54 BAB0HETEB8 — BAB8 AT BIYEB MOUTBS. 

BAROMETERS— con<tnttC(f. 

Diurnal Variation of Barometric Pressure. Cole (F. N.), 1892. 
Historical notice of Barometers. Dent, 1849. 

Manual. Beltille, 1849. 

Manual f(»r the use of seamen. Metbobologigal Office, p. 346. 
Measurement of Altitudes. Rijhlmann (R.), 1870. 

Mountain Barometer. Method of determining altitudes of 
every denomination. Englefield (Sir H. E.), 1811. App. 
556. Tables, calculated and stereoglyphed by Scheutz's 
Calculating Machine. No. 2. Gbavatt, 1859. A new- 
Barometric Formula for considering the hygrometric condition 
of the atmosphere for Mountain Heights. Rennt (H. L.), 

1857. 

Self-registeriDg Barometer. Description of. 

Beyson (R.), 1844. App. 550. 

Siphon Barometers. Aibt (Sir G. B.), 1861, p. 23. 

Table of Barometrical Heights. Mackest, 1879. 

Tables barometriques portatives. Biot, 1811. 

Use of Barometers on Surveys and Reconnaissances. 

Williamson (R. S.), 1868. 

Variation of Barometer in the climate of Britain. 

HowABD (L.), 1847. 

Wind Barometer and the Winds. Gamble, 1882. 

BARRACKS. Tollbt, 1882. 

Barracks, etc., drawings constructed under the Barrack Loan 
Act. School of Military Engineering, 1893. 

Chatham. Marine Barracks, prices for additional buildings. 

Chatham, 1800. 

Plan. Chatham, 1858, 1879. 

Damages. Boynton (F.), 1891, 

France. For Infantry or Cavalry. Hobeau, 1856. 

India. Defects in the New Barracks^ Allahabad, 1870. 

India, p. 109. 
Indian Stations, Barracks for. India, 1864, Add 510. 

Mediterranean Stations, 1863. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466. 
Sagar. Failure of the Infantry Barracks, 1872. India, p. 130. 
Sanitary Condition, 1861. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 466. 

BARS AT RIVER MOUTHS. 

Cause of formation. Bbooks (W. A.), 1863. 

Causes of their formation, and on their treatment by " Inducei 

Tidal Scour." Mann (I. J.), 1881. 

Danube. Remarks on the comparative conditions of its different 

mouths and branches. Spbatt (T. A. B.), 1858. 

Mersey Bar. Dredging Operations. Lysteb, 1893. 



h. ^ 



BAB8 AT RIVER MOUTHS — BEACONS, ETC. 55 

BARS AT BIVER MOUTHS— con/tntwef. 

Mississippi (mouth of the). Various plans for deepening its bar. 

Knapp (H. R), 1876. 

New South Wales. Removal of Bars from the estuaries to our 
Rivers. Shellshbar (W.), 1884. 

Port Said, the Entrance to the Suez Canal. Rapid silting in 
progress. Spratt (T. A. B.), 1870. 

Sandy Hook Bar. Port of New York, deepening. 

Knapp (H. F.), 1881. 

Teignmouth Bar. Investigation of its movements. 

Spratt (T. A. B.), 1856. 

Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Improvement of the Bar of. 

BiCALHO, 1884 ; Haupt (L. M.), 1888. 

See aho Deltas. 

BASALT. Supposed changes Basaltic Veins have suffered during 
their passage through and contact with stratified rocks. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 120. 

BATHS AND WASHHOUSES. 

Baths and Washhouses. Ashpitel and Whichcord, 1853 ; 

Baly, 1852 ; Cape, 1854. 

Public (and private) Baths. Schtjltzb (R.), 1893, '94. 

Bath. Public Baths. Armstrong, W. (1838). 

France. France, 1859, p. 435. 

Liverpool. Report on Baths and Washhouses. 

Newlands, J., 1856. 

BATTERIES (Primary and Secondary). See Electricity 
(Batteries). 

BATTLES. Defence of a position selected as a field of battle. 

Fraser (T.), 1875. 
Maps of the battlefield of Gettysburg. Gettysburg, 1876. 

BEACH. Raised Beach on the Thatcher Rock. Hunt (A. R.), 1888. 

BEACONS, BUOYS, SEA LIGHTS, Etc. 

Beaconage of the Coast of France, Reynauld (L.), 1864, 1876. 

Proposals for the illumination of Beacons and Buoys. 

Stevenson (T.), 1870. 
Beacons, Buoys, Signals, etc. Sautter (L.), 1880. 

Buoys and Maritime Lights in England and Scotland. 

Degrand, 1836. 

Construction and price of Catadioptric Sea Lights, optical and 

mechanical portions. Wilkins (W.), 1851. 

Dipping and apparent lights for sunken reefs and pierheads of 
harbours. Stevenson (T.), 1854. 



56 BEACONS, ETC. — BEAMS (STBAISTS IN). 

BEACONS, BUOYS, SEA LIGHTS, Etc.— carUinued. 

Dunkirk. Dunkirk, 1874. 

Easy placing of Buoys and Beacons in maritime channels. 

Vauthier, 1879. 

France. Reynaud (L.), 1883. 

Gas-illuminated buoy. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Co., 1879, 1881, 1885. 

Goodwin and other Sands. Proposed plan for Refuge beacon on. 

WORTHINGTON (B.), 1840. 

Harbour Lights, Light Buoys and Beacons in Italy. 

Lo Gatto, 1893. 

Illumination of beacons at sea by Electricity communicated 
through wires connected with the shore. Experiments. 

Stevenson (T.), 1867. 

Lightships. Adams (W. H. D.), 1878. 

■ Communication between lightship and shore and lightship 

and lightship. Bothery (R. C), 1881. 

— lightboats, lightships, gas lighting. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, 1881, 1885. 

— ^ Lightships, Buoys and Beacons. Gordon (A.), 1863. 

New Marine Signal light (Magnesium). 

Thurston (R. H.), 1866, p. 310. 

Report of Commissioners on Lights, Buoys and Beacons, 1861. 

Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 483. 

Sounding and luminous buoys. Aliard, 1882. 

United States Beacons, Buoys, Floating lights, etc. Public 
Documents, Reports, Laws relating to, etc. 

United States, p. 350. 
See also Lighthouses. 

BEAMS. Zabaglia and Fontana, 1743. 

Beam, The. Baker (W. L.), 1892. 

Cast-Iron Beams. Essay on the construction of the £ve architec- 
tural sections of. Turnbull (W.), 1833. 

Concrete and Iron Beams. Edwards (F. G.), 1894. 

Continuous Beams, Theory of. Heppel, 1870 ; 

Rankine (W. J. M.), 1870. 

Solution of problems in Continuous Beams. 

Perry (Prof. J.) and Ayrton (W. E.), 1879. 
Wrought and Cast iron Beams. Davies (T.), 1856. 

Wrought Iron Beams. Economic distribution of material in the 
sides or vertical portion of. Barton (J.), 1856. 

BEAMS (Strains in). 

Flexure and Transverse Resistance of Beams. Emery, 1879. 

New Formulas for the loads and deflections of Solid Beams and 

Girders. Donaldson (W.), 1872. 



BEAMS (strains IN) — BIBLIOGRAPHY. 5T 

BEAMS (Strains in) — continued, 

Besistanoe of beams, theory. Clerc, 1880. 

Strains in the interior of Beams and Tabular Bridges. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1862, p. 21. 
Strains upon the Diagonals of Lattice Beams. 

DoYNB and Blood, 1853. 
Stress in Beams. Lectures. XJnwin (W. C), 1868. 

Treatise on the Strength and Dimensions of Cast Iron Beams 
when exposed to transverse strains, etc. 

TuRNBULL (W.), 1831> '32. 
See aUo Girders. 

BEAUTY. Greek Principles^ Joplino, 1849. 

BELLS. 

Constituent parts of Bells« Proportions of. Harrison (James), 

1831. App. 560; Harrison (John), 1831. 
Musical Handbell-Ringer's Instructor. Goslin, 1879. 

Japan. Prehistoric Bronze Bells. Monroe, 1877. 

Westminster Great Bell. Baker (W. L.), 1857. 

BELLS (Electric). Installation and Maintenance. Fournier, 1886. 
Practical Electric bell fitting. Allsop (E. C), 1890. 

BELTS. 

Belts and Pulleys. Cromwell, 1885. 

Belt Driving. Halliday (G.), 1894. Add. 505. 

Table of the power'of Leather Belting and Shafts. Hett, 1889. 

BIBLE. New Manual of Biblical Cosmography. 

Hampden (J.), 1877. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

American (North) Invertebrate Paleontology. Supplement to 
the bibliography of. White (C. A.) and Nicholson, 1879. 

American (North) Mammals. Gill (T.) and Coues, 1877. Meso- 
zoic Invertebrata. Boyle (C. B.), 1893 ; Boyle, Add. 486. 

Annual Literary Index. Fletcher and Bowker, 1893, <bc. 

Architecture, Mechanical Engineering and military and naval 
science. Catalogues of books on. Weale (J.), 1860, 1861. 

Architecture and Engineering. Statistical notices of publications 
on. Weale (J.), 1859. 

Astronomical Bibliography. 

La Lande (J. J. le F, de), 1803. App. 565. 

Best Books. Sonnenschein (W. S.), 1891. 

VOL. L I 



58 BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY— conitnued. 

Bibliographer's Manual of English Literature. 

Lowndes (W. J.), 1871. 

Supplement, 1846-1849. Anonymous, p. 48. 

Bibliotheca Britannica ; or a general index to British and Foreign 
Literature. Watt (R.), 1824. 

Bibliotheca Mechanioo-technologica. Engelmann, 1844. 

Bibliotheca Polytechnica. Szcbpanski, 1890. 

Books and the housing of them. Gladstone (W. E.), 1890. 

British Catalogue, 1837-49. Anonymous, p. 48. 

Building. Baldamus, 1875. 

Building and Engineering. Gbbold and Co., 1865-77. 

Catalogue of the librairie fran^aise. Reinwald (C), 1859-70. 

Catalogue, general, of the Librairie frangaise, 1866-85. 

LOBENZ. 

Catalogue of Books (current literature). Anonymous, 1889, p. 42. 

Catalogue of Scientific Papers of the Royal Society. 

Royal Society, 1867, &c. 

Catalogues of Scientific serials. Scuddeb (S. H.), 1879. 

Chemistry, 1492-1892. Bolton (H. C). 

Climate and Meteorology of South Africa. Catalogue of Books. 

Gamble, 1885. 
Cornwall. Bibliotheca Cornubiensis. Boase and Courtney, 1874. 

Decimal Classification and relative Index for Libraries, &c. 

Dewey (M.), 1891. 
Earthquakes. Pownall (C. A. W.), 1891. 

Electricity, Magnetism, etc.. Catalogue of books and papers relating 

to. Ronalds (Sir F.), 1880. 

Electricity and Magnetism, 1860-83. May (G.). 

English Catalogue, 1835. Anonymous, p. 48. 

Fossil Insects. Bibliography of. Scuddeb (S. H.), 1890. 

French Industrial Publications. Thibion (C), 1867. 

Geology of Hertfordshire. List of works, 1874-83. 

HoPKiNsoN (J.), F.L.S., 1885. 
Geology of the Missouri. Sampson (F. A.), 1890. 

Geology, Palaeontology, Mineralogy of Australia and Tasmania. 

Catalogue of works, &c., on. Ethbbidge and Jack, 1881. 

Guide Book to Technical literature. Bibch (J.) and Co., 1891. 
Handy Lists of Technical Literature. Engineering and Mechanics. 

Hafebkobn and Heise, 1890. 
How to form a Library. Wheatley (H. B.), 1886. 

Index to Engineering Periodicals, 1883 to 1887. Galloupe, 1888. 
Inundations. Books on. Champion, 1858-64. 

Languages. Algonquian languages. 

Pilling, 1891 ; Smithsonian Inst. 



BIBLIOOBAPHT — mMBTALLISM. 59 



BIBLIOGRAPHY— continued 

Languages. Athabascan languages. 

Pilling, 1892 

Chinookan languages. Pilling, 1893 

Iroquoin languages. Pilling, 1888 

Muskhogean languages. Pilling, 1889 

Salishan languages. Pilling, 1893 



Smithsonian Inst. 

Smithsonian Inst. 

Smithsonian Inst. 

Smithsonian Inst. 

Smithsonian Inst. 

Wakashan languages. Pilling, 1894 ; Add. 528. 

Library. A magazine of bibliography. 

Periodical Publications, p. 18. 

List of Scientific Papers and Works of T. M. Beade. Beade, 1890. 

Literature of Measurement. 

Association G^odesique, 1876. Add. 482. 

London Catalogue of Books. 1814-1839. Anonymous, p. 48. 

Mathematics. list of Cayley's Mathematical Works. 1841-62. 

Cayley. 

■ Index to papers in pure mathematics in journals and trans- 
actions, English and foreign. 19th century. 

Carr (G. S.), 1886. 

Metallurgy. Baldamus, 1875. 

Mining. Baldamus, 1875. 

Monthly Becord of Scientific Literature. 

Periodical Publications, p. 19. 

Natural History, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, 1874-77. 

Metzger. 

Panizzi's Bibliographical Kotes. Defence of the Besolution for 
omitting them from the Boyal Society Catalogue. 

Panizzi (Sir A.), 1838. App. 571. 

Pantobiblion. Periodical Publications, p. 20. 

Publishers' Trade list Annual. Periodical Publications, p. 22. 
Railways. Baldamus, 1875. 

Bepertory of technical, mathematical and scientific periodical 
literature. Schottb (F.), 1869-71. 

Repertory of technical literature, 1854, etc. (1882-86). 

Kbrl, 1871. 

Technical Arts. Meulen, 1850-75. 

Telegraphs. Baldamus, 1875. 

United States Geological Survey Publications. Bibliography and 

Index. Warman (P. C), 1893. 

See also Catalogues of Libraries. 
BILLIABD TABLES. Marsden (T.), 1883. 

BIMETAJjLISM. See Currency. 



60 BIOGRAPHIES (GENERAL) — BIOGRAPHIES (SPECIAL). 

BIOGRAPHIES (General). 

American Ciyil and Military Engineers' Lives and Works. 

Stuart (C. B.), 1871. 
Architects and Engineers. Tr^lat (E.), 1885. 

Astronomers, obituary notices. Dunkin, 1879. 

Biograph and Review. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Biographia Britannica Literaria. Prospectus. 

Anonymous, 1839, p. 41. 
Biographical Dictionary. Waller (J. F.) and others, 1868. 

Biographical Dictionary of the History of Science. 

POGGENDORPP, 1863. 

Bishops of the See of Bath and Wells. Britton, 1847. 

Celebrities at Home. Yates (E.), 1877-79. 

Character. Duty. Industrial Biography. Men of Invention 
and Industry. Self Help. 

Smiles (S.), 1863, 1874, 1880, 1884, 1875. 

Collection of portraits and biographies of men of worth. 

Bremontier, 1839. 

Dictionary. Gates, 1881. 

Dictionary of National Biography. Stephen (L.) and Lee, 1885. 
Electricians, lives. Jeans (W. T.), 1887 ; Munro (J.), 1890. 

Engineers. Smiles (S.), 1862. 

Engineers of the Ponts et Chauss6es. 

Tarb6 de St. Hardouin (F. P. H.), 1884. 

Men of Science of Great Britain living in the years 1807-8. 

Walker (William), Junior, 1862. 
Men of the Time. Cooper (Thompson), 1875, '84. 

Military (modern). Chesney (C. C). 

Naval Biographical Dictionary. O'Byrne, 1849, 1861. 

Pioneers of Science. Lodge, 1893. 

BIOGRAPHIES (Special). 

Achard (F. K. A.). Achard, 1887. 

Adams (William), Cardiff. Needham, 1887. 

Airy (Sir G. B.). Turner (H. H.), 1892. 

Allen (Horatio). Forney, 1890. 

Anderson (Sir J.). Statement of services. 

Anderson (Sir J.), 1873. 
Andr6 (F.) Andr^, 1889. 

Archer (Francis). Rbadb (T. M.), 1892. 

Arkwright (Sir R.). Disproval of his claim to the invention of 
machinery in Cotton Manufacture. Guest, 1823. 

Arnold (John). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Babbage (Charles). Babbage, 1864. 



BIOGBAPHIES (sPEOIAL). 61' 

BIOGRAPHIES (Bfecial)— continued. 

Baillairg6 (C. P. R). Baillaibg^ 1881. 

Baily (Francis). Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1844 ; 

Hebschel, 1845. App. 562. 

Baird (Charles and Francis). Tqwbr (T.), 1867. 

Baranowski (J. J.). Babanowbki, 1881. 

-^— His mechanical inventions and literary works. 

Baranowski, 1886. 

Barr6 (lieut.-Col. I.). Britton, 1848. 

Barry (Sir Charles). Barry (Rev. A.), 1868. 

Beaufort (Admiral Sir F.). Beaufort, 1868. 

Bell (C. D.). Smyth (C. P.), 1883. 

Bell (Henry). Introducer of the steamboat into Great Britain and 
Ireland. Morris (E.), 1844. 

Bentham (Sir S.). Services rendered to the civil department of 
the Navy. Bentham, 1814. 

Berthoud (Ferdinand). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Berthoud (Louis). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Bischoff (T. L. W. von). Kuppfeb, 1884. 

Booth (Henry). Smiles (R.), 1869, p. 208. 

Boulton (Matthew). Smiles (S.), 1866. 

Boyle (Robert). Saundebs (L.), 1885. 

Brassey (Thomas). Helps, 1872. 

Breguet (Abraham Louis). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Brewster (Sir David). Home life. Gobdon (Mrs. M. M.), 1870. 

Bridgewater (Duke of). Public character. Eqbbton, 1818-20. 

Brindley (J.) Egebton, 1818-20. 

Britton (John). Autobiography. Bbitton, 1849-50. 

Britton testimonial, 1846. Jones (T. E.) j Mitpobd. 

Brogden (John). Smiles (S.), 1872. 

Brunei (L K). Bbunbl (L), 1870; Flachat, 1859. 

Brunei (Sir M. I.). Beamish, 1862 ; Fbebe, 1850. 

Brunings (Christian). Conbad (F. W.), 1827. 

Bucknall (H. L.). Bucknall, 1878. 

Bury (E.). Buby, 1860. 

Cantor (Dr.). Favabo, 1876. 

Carey (Henry C.) Eldeb, 1880. 

Carpenter (John). Town clerk of London. Bbeweb, 1836. 

Cavalieri (Bonaventura). Piola, 1844. 

Cavendish (Hon. Henry). Cavendish Society, 1851 ; 

Wilson (G.), 1851. 

Caxton (W.). Caxton, 1852. 

Chadwick (Sir Edwin). Richabdson (Sir B. W.), 1887. 

Public services. Chadwick, 1888, p. 234. 



62 BI0QBAPHIE8 (sPECIAL). 

BIOGRAPHIES (Bfecial)— continued. 

Cheyreul (M.). Address on the occasion of his centenary, 1886. 

Acad£mie des Sciences. 

Chordal's Letters, Extracts from. Seb (J. W.), 1885. 

Cialdi (A.). Notice of his works. Gialdi, 1877, p. 255. 

Claudet (A.), F.R.S. Claudbt, 1868. 

Clericetti (Prof. C). Clebioetti, 1887. 

Clifford (W. K.). Clifford, 1886. 

Cockerill (John). Lboocq, 1854. 

Codrington (Admiral Sir E.). Boubchieb (Lady). 

Cole (William). Cole (W.), 1797. App. 552. 

Collignon (M.C.E.). life and works. Kbantz, 1886. 

Cort (Henry). Petition to the Commons of the United Kingdom. 

CoBT (C), 1856. 

Inventions. Cobt (H.), 1859. 

■ Review of Report of the Committee of the House of 

Commons on petition respecting his services to the 
iron trade. Cobt (R.), 1855. 

Croll (A. A.) (Banquet and Testimonial), 1872. 

United Ejngdom Electric, etc. 

Crompton (Samuel). Inventor of the Spinning Mule. 

Fbbnch (G. J.), 1859. 

Cubitt (Thomas). Bbitton, 1856. 

Cuhnann (Carlo). Favabo, 1882. 

Dalton (John). Cavbitoish Society, 1854. Scientific researches. 

Henby (W. C), 1854. 

Davey (Edward) and the Electric Telegraph. Eahib, 1883. 

Davy (Sir Humphry). Davy's Works, vol. 1 ; 

Pabis (J. A.), 1831. 
Dawson (R.). Services as chief agent of the Australian Agri- 
cultural Company. Dawson, 1829. 

Delprat (Dr. J. P.). Bobdbs (J. P.), <kc., 1882. 

Denny (W.). Ship builder. Bbucb (A. B.), 1888. 

Answers to chapters 19, 20, and 21, of his life. 

Rises (S.), 1889. 

Dixon (J.). Claim against the Portuguese Government. 

Dixon, 1882. 

Dollond (J.), F.R.S. KELLy (J.), 1808. Discovery in connection 
with improvements in Rdbracting Telescopes. 

Dollond, 1789. 

Drake (Sir Francis). His chair. Riqaud (S. P.), 1835 ; 1830. 

App. 574. 

Du Barry (J. N.). Du Babby (J. N.), 1893. Add. 497. 

Dugdale (Sir W.). Life, diary, and correspondence. 

Dugdale, 1827. 



BIOOBAPHIES (special), 63 

BIOGRAPHIES {Special)— continued. 

Dupuy de L6me. Paris (E. E.), 1885. 

Durand-Claye (Alfred), 1841-88. Dueand-Claye (E.). 

Eads (James B.). Eads, 1887. Meeting of the Western 

Society of Engineers to co-operate in erecting a monument ta 

COBTHELL, 1890. 

— Paper on the proposition* Cobthell, 1891. 

Ebehnen (J. J.). Ebblmek, 1850, 1855. 

Edison (T. A.). His inventions. Edison, 1889. Life and 
Inventions. Dickson (W. K. L.), 1894. Add. 496. 

Eiffel (G.). Nansouty, 1889. 

Elder (John). Rankinb (W. J. M.), 1871. 

Emerson (W.). Emebson (W.), 1793. 

Enderby (C). Dinner to him. Endebby, 1849. 

England (lieut.-Gen. Sir R.), G.C.B. Napieb (Sir C), 1858. 

Ericsson (John). Chubch (W. C), 1890 ; Slaby (A.), 1890. 

Ernst (Friedrich Wilhehn). Ebnst (F. W.), 1894. Add. 499. 
Evans (Admiral G.). Services. Evans, 1870. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.). Faibbaibn, 1877, 78, p. 402. 

Faraday (Michael). Gladstone (J. H.), 1873. Faraday as a 
discoverer. Tyndall (J.), 1877 and 1884, p. 334. life and 

Letters. Jones (Henry B.), 1870. 

Ferguson (J.). Febgusoh (J.), 1778. App. 557. 

Fernandez (P.). Febnandez, 1836. 

Firbank (Joseph). Railway Contractor. McDebmott, 1887. 

Fitch (John). Inventor of the Steamboat. Wbstcott (T.), 1857. 
Flachat (Eugene). Malo, 1874. 

Flamsteed (John). Whewell, 1836. 

Fournet (J. J.). Foubnet, 1870. 

Francis (James Bicheno). Fitzqebald (D.)^ Davis and Freeman, 

1894. Add. 500. 
Franklin (Benjamin). Fbanklin, 1806. 

Fraunhofer (Joseph von). Bauebnfeind, 1884. 

Froude (WiUiara). Fboude, 1880. 

Ghega (Carlo Cav.). Buzzi, 1879. 

Girdlestone (J. W.). Testimonials. Gibdlestone, 1889. 

Grordon (L. D. B.). Constable, 1877. 

Graham (Gorge). Abbot (C), 1842. App. 543; Gbaham (Geo.), 

1792. App. 559. 

Graham (Thomas). Smith (Robert A.), 1884. 

Grant (Horace). Chadwick (Sur E.), 1880, p. 234. 

Grattan (T. C). Secessionist. Tbain (G. F.), 1862. 

Gray (Thomas). Wilson (T.), 1845, '60. 

Gresham (Sir Thomas). Gbesham, 1833 ; 

Wilson (Effingham), 1844. 



64 BIOGRAPHIES (sPECIAL). 

BIOGRAPHIES (SPECiAL)--con<t»«6d[. 
Grey of Wilton (WilUam, Lord). 

Egbbton (Sir P. de M. G.), 1847. 
Griffith (Julius). Griffith (J.), 1832. App. 559. 

Gruner (L.). Egleston, 1884. 

GugUelmini (D.). Guglielmini, 1719. 

Guinand (P. L.). Guinand, 1825. 

Hadley (George). Hadlby, 1835 ; Hadlet, 1840; 

RiGAUD (S. P.), 1835. 

Hadley (Henry). Hadley, 1835 ; Hadley, 1840 ; 

RiGAUD (S. P.), 1835. 

Hadley (John). Hadley (J.), 1835. App. 559 ; 

Hadley (J.), 1840 ; Rigaud (S. P.), 1835. 

Hagen (G.). Hagbn (G.), 1884. 

Hallauer (O.). Hibn (G. A.), 1884. 

Hallette (A.). Hallettb (A,), 1846. 

Halley (Edmund). Defence against the charge of Religious 
Infidelity. Rigaud (S. J.), 1844. App. 573. 

Hanson (W.). His resignation of the Office of Engineer and 

Architect. Correspondence. South Australia, 1867, p. 227. 

Harriot's (Thomas) Papers. Rigaud (S. P.), 1831 ; 

Rigaud, 1831, App. 573. 

Harrison (John). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. Date of birth 
and death and inscription on his tombstone in Hampstead 
Churchyard. Harbison (John), 1800. App. 561. 

Hartley (Jesse). Diary. Habtley (Jesse). 

Hartwich (E. H.). Stbbckbbt, 1884. 

Hatcher (H.). Bbitton, 1847. 

Henry (Joseph). Life and Contributions to Science. 

Henby, 1872. 

Memorial. Henby, 1881. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.). Hbbschbl, 1872. 

Hesse (Otto). Baueb, 1883. 

Him (G. A.). DwELSHAUVEBS-D by, 1890 ; Faudel and 

Schwoerer, 1893; Hibn, 1890; Slaby (A.), 1890. 

Hobbs (A. C), in memoriam. Dubfee, 1892. 

HoUey (A. L.). Hollky, 1884. 

Memorial Statue. Dbedge, 1890. 

Hooze (J. A.). Hoozb (J. A.), 1893. Add. 508. 

Huddart (Captain Joseph), F.R.S. Cotton (W.), 1855 ; 

HUDDABT (J.), jun., 1821. 

Hull (Commander T. A.). Superintendent of the Charts at the 

Admiralty. Statement of his case. Mabkham, 1879. 

— Statement in his vindication. Temple (T. G.), 1880. 

Humboldt (Alexander von). Dove, 1869 ; Mabtius, 1860. 



BIOGRAPHIES (SPECIAL). 65 

BIOORAPHIES (Special)— <^t{nued. 

Hume (D.). Hums, 1776. 

Huskisson (William). Walker (James S.), 1831. 

Hutton (Dr. J.). Playfair (J.), 1805, 

Janvier (Antide). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Jeffcock (Parkin). Jeffcock, 1867. 

Jeffreys (Julius). Jeffreys, 1855, 

Jenkin (Fleeming). Jenkin, 1887. 

Jennings (G.). Jennings, 1887, 

Joule (James Prescott), Reynolds (0.), 1892. 

Kobell (Franz von). Haushofer, 1884. 

Kosciusko (Thaddeus). Evans (W. W.), 1883 

Leblanc, Nicholas. Anastasi, 1884. 

Le Roy (Julien). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Le Roy (Pierre). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Lesseps (Ferdinand de). Smith (George Bamett), 1895. Add. 533. 
De Lesseps banquet, 1880. Lesseps. Recollections of 

40 years. Lesseps, 1887. Add. 515. 
Lewis (Rev. Thomas), Presentation of a Silver Clock to. 

Lewis (Rev. T.), 1836. App. 566. 
Locke (Joseph). Devey, 1862. 

Logan (Sir William E.). Harrington (B. J.), 1883. 

Luca (Ferdinando de). Cialdi, 1870. 

McAlpine (W. J.). McAlpinb, 1892. 

Maclaren (Charles). Maclaren, 1869. 

Manetti (A.) Meini, 1867. 

Marchand (Lucien). Letters on his case. 

Marchand (L.), 1853. App. 567. 
Margetts (George). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Marum (Martin van). Quetelet, 1840. 

Maxwell (James Clerk). Campbell (L.), and Garnett. 

Merchant (Brevet-Brigadier-General G, S.), U.S. A, 

Cullum, 1880. 

Meyer (Robert), discoverer of the principles of the conservation of 

energy. Wbyrauch, 1890. 

Meysey-Thompson (Sir H. S.). Meysey-Thompson, 1874. 

Mitchell (Joseph). Life in the Highlands. 

MiTCHELt (Joseph), 1883-84. 
Monge (G.). Services and scientific Work. Dupin, 1819. 

Montluisant (C. L. J. de). Montluisant, 1892. 

Moore (Sir John). Burial. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1871, p. 16. 

Morland (Sir S.). Life, writings and inventions. Morland, 1838. 
Morse (Prof.). Jeans (W. T.), 1887. 

Mudge (Thomas). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

VOL. I. K 



66 BIOOBAPHIES (special). 

BIOGRAPHIES (Special)— con/inwc<l. 

Muir (William). Smiles (R.), 1888, p. 208. 

Muirhead (Henry), M.D., LL.D. Dyer (H.), 1890. 

Murdock (W.). Character and claims. Murdoch, 1809. 

Nageli (Karl von). Goebel. 

Napier (Admiral). Texier (E.), 1854. 

Nasmyth (James). Nasmyth, 1883. 

Newton (Sir Isaac). Newton, 1796. App. 570 ; Whewell 
(W.), 1836. Life, writings, and discoveries. Brewster, 1855. 

Ohm's (G. S.) scientific services. Lommel (E.), 1889. 

Otto (Dr. Nioolaus August). Slaby (A.), 1890. 

Papworth (John P.). Architect to the King of Wurtemburg. 

Papworth, 1879. 
Pasteur (L.). Pasteur, 1884. 

Peabody (George). Wallis (S. T.), 1890. 

Peacock (George), Dean of Ely. Peacock (G.) [1858]. 

Peto (Sir Morton). Peto (Sir S. M.), 1893. 

Phillips (E.). Collignon (E.), 1890. 

Phipson (W. W.). Phipson, 1892. 

Pitou-Bressant. Pitou-Bressant, 1892. 

Plantamour (E.). Smyth (C. P.), 1883. 

Prechtl. Unveiling of bust of Prechtl in the Vienna Technical 
High School. Kolbe and Berger, 1892. 

Priestley (Rev. Joseph), LL.D. Priestley, 1833. Philosophical 

character. Henry (W.), 1832. 

Pritchard (E.). A Birmingham Civil Engineer in South Africa. 

Pritchard (E.), 1889. 

Pugin (A. N. Welby). Ferrey, 1861. 

Pugin (Augustus). Ferrey, 1861. 

Rankine (W. J. M.). Rankixe, 1881. 

Redesdale (Lord). As a railway legislator. 

France (R. S.), 1867. 
Redtenbacher (Ferdinand), founder of Machine Science. 

Keller (K.), 1892. 
Reis (P.). Thompson (S. P.). 1883. 

Rennie (John). Obituary notice. Dupin, 1821. 

Rennie (Sir John). Rennie (Sir J.), 1875. 

Rickman (J.). Riceman (W. C), 1841. 

Roebuck (John), M.D. Roebuck (J.), 1839. 

Roentgen (G. M.). Brueckmann, 1892. 

Ronalds (Sir F.). Ronalds, 1880. 

Rumford (Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count). Ellis (G. E.), 1873 ; 

Tyndall (J.), 1883, p. 335. 
St. Vincent (Earl), charges against. Jeffry, 1806. 

Schinkel (C P.). Hittorp, 1857. 



8I0GBAPHIES (sPECIAl). 67 

BIOGRAPHIES (Spt^ciAh)— continued. 

Schmidt (Friedrich). Schmidt (F.), 1891. 

Schwedler (J. W.), his services as Surveyor of Buildings. 

SCHWEDLEB (J. W.), 1891. 

Scott (Sir Walter). Ballantyne. 

Sella (Quintino). Giordano, 1884. 

Sheepshanks (Rev. Richard). A reply to the Obituary notice of 
the Royal Society, and a review of the reply by them. 

South (Sir J.), 1856. 
Siebold (C. T. v.). Hertwig, 1886. 

Siemens (Werner von). Personal Recollections. 

Siemens (W. von), 1893. 

Siemens (Sir Wm.). Maynard, 1884; Pole, 1888. Memorial 
address, Berlin. Wedding (H.), 1884. 

Simons (Pierre). Quetblet, 1884. 

Simpson (T.). Simpson (T.), 1805, pp. 203, 204. 

Smeaton (John). Platt and MorfiU, 1892. Pedigree and Arms, 
Will and codicU. Smeaton (J.), 1892, 1793, p. 208. 
Reports made during his career. 

Smeaton (J.), 1797, 1812, 1837, p. 207. 
Smith (Charles Shaler). 

American Society of Civil Engineers, 1887. 

Sop with (Thomas). Richardson (Sir B. W.), 1891. Dinner to 
him on his retirement from the Agency of the W. B, lead 
mines in Northumberland and Durham. Sopwith (T.), 1871, 
p. 225. A Souvenir on his retirement from Professional 

Occupations in 1871. Sopwith (T.), 1871. 

Stephenson (George). Boxer (F. N.), 1860 ; Lucchesini, 1869 ; 
Smiles(S.), 1857, 1860,1868. Centenary. Stephenson (G.), 

1881 ; Stephenson (G. and R.), 1880. 

Stephenson (Robert). Boxer (F. N.), 1860 ; Flachat, 1859 ; 

Jeaffreson, 1864 } Smiles (S.), 1868. Centenary. Stephen- 
son (G. and R.), 1880. 

Stephensons, The, and other Railway Pioneers. Layson, 1881. 

Stevens (Messrs.), of Hoboken, Engineers, Naval Architects, and 

Philanthropists. Thurston (R. H.), 1874, p. 310. 

Stevenson (R.). Stevenson (A.), 1851, 1861 ; 

Stevenson (D.), 1878. 

Stevin (Simon). Quetelet, 1846. 

Stuart (William), engineer of the Plymouth Breakwater. 

Hopkins (E.), 1855. Add. 508. 

Sully (Henry). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Taylor (G. L.). , Autobiography. Taylor (G. L.), 1870-72. 

Telford, Thomas. Telford (T.), 1838, p. 287. Works.. 
WiEBEKiNG (C. F. von), 1842. Telford Monument in West- 
minster Abbey, Various Inscriptions for. 

Telford (T.), 1840, p. 288. 



68 BIOOBAPHIBS (special), 

BIOGRAPHIES (Special)— conitnttedl. 

Thomas (S. G.). Maynabd, 1885 ; Thomas (S. G.), 1891. 

Thurston, Robert Lawton, 1800-73. Thurston (R. L.). 

Timur (Moghul Emperor). Autobiography. Timub, 1830. 

Tompion (Thomas). Abbott (C), 1842. App. 543. 

Topley (William), F.R.S. Woodward (H. B.), 1894. Add. 539. 

Tr^lat (^ile). Banquet, 1891. Tr£lat. 

Tresca (Henri). Theoretical design of his chief works. 
St. Venant (A. J. C. B. de), 1885. (Scientific works.) 

Tresca (H.), 1868, 71. 

Trevithick (Richard). Life and inventions. 

Trevithick (F. and R.), 1872, '83. 

Tyndall, Professor John. Jeans (W. T.), 1887. 

Vaudrey (ifemile). Rousselle (H.) and Darcel, 1877. 

Vaughan (W.) Vaughan (W.), 1839. 

Vignoles (0. B.), soldier and civil engineer. 

ViGNOLES (O. J.), 1889. 
Vitruvius. Baldus, 1612. 

Walter (T. XJ.) Wilson (Joseph M.), 1888. 

Watt (James). Barr (A.), 1899 ; Caxton, 1852 ; Lardner, 
1840; life, 1859. Muirhead; Mechanical Inventions, 
1854. Muirhbad ; Smiles (S.), 1866 ; Williamson (G.), 

1856 ; ifcloge. Arago (F.), 1839. 

Washington (George). Monument. Washington (George), 

1884. A reply to Lord Mahon on the mode of editing his 

writings. Sparks, (J.), 1852. 
Weber (Max Maria von). Berghaus, 1881. 

Wedgwood (Josiah). Metetard, 1865. 

Wells, (W. C). Wells (W. C), 1818. 

Wheatstone (Prof.). Jeans (W. T.), 1887. 

Whewell (William), D.D. Life and Correspondence. 

Douglas (Mrs. S.), 1881. 
Whitehurst (J.). Life and Writings. 

Whitehurst (J.), 1812. App. 581. 

Wicksteed (J. H.). Journal and letters. 

WiCKSTEED (J. H.), 1883. 

Wilkinson (J.). Memoranda. Wilkinson (J.). 

Williams (R. H.). Williams (R. H.), 1889. 

Winkler (E.). Winkler (E.), 1888. 

Woodcroft (B.). Woodcropt (B.), 1879. 

Woolf (A.). Hocking, 1875. 

Worcester (Marquis of). Dircks, 1865, '66 ; Worcester 

(Marquis of), 1825; Worcester (Marquis of), 1825. App. 581. 

Wren (Sir Christopher). Elmes (J.), 1823. 

Wyatt (John), master carpenter and inventor, 1700-1766. 

Wyatt (J.), 1885. 



BIOLOQY — BLAST FURNACES. 69 

BIOLOGY. Animals and Plants, Circulation in. Pbitohabd (A.). 
1842. New Zealand. Studies for Students, 1881-89. 

New Zealand, p. 409, 

3IRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES. 

England. Registrar General's Reports, 1838, etc. Quarterly 
Returns, 1849, etc. Greneral Abstracts, 1886, etc. Annual 
Summary of Births and Deaths in London and other great 
Towns, 1880, etc. Returns of annual average Death Rate, 
1879-86. Return of proportion of deaths from small-pox, 
1879-86. Pabliambntaby. .Papers, pp. 466-7. 
Ireland. Reports of Registrar General, 1869, etc. 

Ibeland, p. 140. 
Massachusetts. Returns, 1881, <fec. Massachusetts. 

Scotland for 1855, etc. Scotland, 1861, p. 174. 

See also Population, Statistics (Vital). 

BITUMEN. See Asphalt. 

BLAST FURNACES. 

Application of hot air blast. Hebdeb, 1840. 

Blast engines. Coulthabd, 1867 ; Schinz (C), 1870. 

Blast Furnace for the making of Cast Iron. Schinz (C), 1868. 
Chemistry of the Blast Furnace. Bell (Sur I. L.), 1869, p. 119. 
Construction and conduct of, and Studies on. 

Vathaibe (A. de), 1885, 1866. 

Crane's patent for the use of Anthracite combined with hot blast 

in the smelting of iron. Cbane v. Price, etc., 1840. 

Design and operation. Wedding (H.), 1888. 

Development and appropriation of Heat in Iron Blast Furnaces. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1869, p. 120. 

Economy of fuel in the Blast Furnace for smelting iron. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1872, p. 120. 

Fuel. Study of coal, coke and charcoal as blast-furnace fuel. 

Thobnbb, [1884]. 

Going into blast with Anthracite Furnaces. Egleston, 1885. 

Graphic Method for calculating Blast Furnace Charges or 
" Burdens." Jenkins, 1891. 

Iron Smelting chemically considered. 

Bell (Sir L L.), 1890, p. 120. 

Chemical Phenomena of. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1872, p. 119. 

Sum of Heat utilised in smelting Ironstone, Cleveland. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 120. 

India. Operations at Dechouree. India, p. 121. 

Keilson and others «. Baird and Co. Trial for infringement 

of a patent. Neilson, 1843. 



I 



70 BLAST FURNACES — BLIND. 

BLAST FURNACES— conitimed. 

Iron Smelting. Belative properties of Iron in the smelting 
furnace. Habtop (H.), 1843. 

— Waste of heat in smelting Iron Ores. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1894, p. 121. 

Phenomena. Gbuneb (L.), 1873. 

Regeneration of blast-furnace gases. 

Ehbenwerth (J. von), 1883. 
Slag of the composition of gehlenite. Bauerman, 1886. 

Sweden. Ahrbnbero, 1864. 

United States. Foubnel, 1840. 

Blast Furnace practice in. Colquhoun (W.), 1891. 

Warm-Blast Steam Boiler Furnace. Hadlet (J. C), 1886. 

Use of Caustic Lime in the. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 120. 

Washing of waste gases from blast furnaces. 

Ehbenwerth (F. von), 1885. 
BLASTING. 

By means of Compressed Air. Gabfobth, 1879. 

Explosive Compounds, Machine Rock-drills and Blasting. 

Drinker, 1883. 
Gunpowder blasting of Chalk rock. Fraser (T.), 1864. 

Handbook. Guttmann, 1892. 

Rock Blasting. Andr6 (G. G.), 1878. 

BLASTING UNDER WATER. Pasley, 1836. 

In rivers with rapid currents. 

Farquhar (F. U.), 1879. Add. 500. 
Ahuriri Bluff, Napier, construction of the breakwater. 

GOODALL, 1886. 
Boston Harbour submarine blasting, removal of Tower and 
Corwin Rocks. Foster (J. G.), 1869. 

Glasgow, Blasting under water the Bridge substructure. 

SOOYSMITH (C), 1879. 
Hell Gate explosion near New York, and so-called Rackarock 
and Panclastite. Sprengel (H.), 1886. 

Holyhead, Large Blast at. Robertson (G.), 1859. 

Hoosac Tunnel, use of Tri-nitro-glycerin. Mowbray, 1872. 

New York Harbour. Destruction of Flood Rock. 

Abbot (H. L.), 1885. 
Severn, gunpowder, use in blasting marl rocks in the River. 

Edwards (G.), 1845. 
BLEACHING. 

Bleaching of Cotton. Ashworth (1861). 

BLIND. 

Instruction. Pennsylvanian Institution, 1846. 



BLOWING MACHINES — BORING 'AND BORING APPARATUS. 71 

BLOWING MACHINES. Deny, 1887. 

BLOWPIPE ANALYSIS. Manual. Cornwall, 1882. 

Blowpipe in Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology. 

Ross (Lt.-Col. W. A.), 1884. 

Manual of Qualitative Blowpipe Analysis and Determinative 

Mineralogy. Elderhorst, 1881. 

Mouth Blowpipe, Its use. Scheerer (S.) and Blanford, 1875. 

Use of Blowpipe in Chemical Analysis. Berzelius, 1822. 

Use in the qualitative and quantitative examinatioQS of ores, &c. 

Plattner and Muspratt, 1854. 

Vademecum. Smith (Aquilla), 1862. 

BOATS (Submarine). Hovgaard, 1887. 

BOATMEN, Porters and Carters. Jersey Regulations. 

Jersey, 1846. 

BOGS, Ireland. Act for draining and allotting Bogs, 1830. 

Ireland, p. 140. 

Reports of Commissioners, 1810-19. Ireland, p. 140. 

BOILERS. See Marine Engines and Boilers, Steam Boilers. 
BOOKBINDING. Bbvan (G. P.), Industries, voL 8. 

BOOK-KEEPING according to the English, Italian and Scotch 
systems of single and double entry. Lewis, 1870. 

Commercial Book-keeping and Phraseology in four languages. 

Haddon (1879). 
English system of Book-keeping by single or double entry. 

Jones (E. T.), 1796. 
BORING AND BORING APPARATUS. 

Machine for drilling tunnels, etc., in mines. 

Penrice (H. N.) [1881 ?] 
Sinking of Shafts, driving of Tunnels and Galleries, and all other 
constructions in water-bearing ground and quicksand, etc., 
by using the freezing method. 

PoETSCH (F. H.), 1889 ; Poetsch, 1888. Add. 528. 
Specification of Apparatus for Boring Rocks. 

Jones (J. T.), and Wild, 1882. 
Specification of Apparatus for Sub-aqueous Boring. 

English (Thomas), 1889. 
Bletchley Boring. Thompson (Beeby), 1890. Occurrence of 

Granite. Jukes-Browne, 1889. 
Bohmisch-Brod, Deep Boring near. Rziha, [187 5J. 

Clifton Estate. Brown (J. M.), 1881. 



72 BORING AND BORING APPARATUS — BOtJNDARIES.^ 

BORING AND BORING APPARATUS— conftnaed. 

London. Crossness Pumping Station. Report of the Engineer 

on the Boring Operations at. London, 1869. Add. 516. 

Teignmouth, Devon, Notes on Deep Borings at the waterworks 

and in the Trias at. Ormbrod (G. W.), 1888. Add. 524. 

BOTANY. Absorption of Metallic Oxides by Plants. 

Phillips (F. C), 1882. 

Anatomical Method. Radlkofeb, 1883. 

Anatomy of Plants and Vegetable economy. 

MoNCBAU (D. du), 1758. 

Dendrology : facts, etc., proving that trees and vegetables derive 
their nutriment independently of the earth. 

Wallis (J.), 1835. 

Dictionary of the Vegetable Kingdom. Lindley and Moore, 1889. 

Floration of plants. Quetelet, 1841. 

Floscularia coronetta, a new species. Cubitt (C), 1869. 

Flowers, Grasses and Shrubs. Pirie, 1870. 

Forms of Seedlings. Lubbock, 1886. 

New Commercial Plants and Drugs. 

Christy (T.) and Vetillart^ 1882. 

Orchids (Conference of Royal Horticultural Society). 

Royal Horticultural Soc., 1886. 

Phsenogamous and Vascular Cryptogamous plants collected in 

Dakota and Montana. Chickerino, 1878. 

Vegetable Physiology, Apparatus relating to. Vines (S. H.), 1878 . 

Australia. Florae Mueller, 1882 ; Woolls (W.), 1867. 

Orchids. Fitzgerald (R. D.), 1877. 

Britain. Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum; or, trees and 
shrubs of Britauqi. Loudon, 1844. 

Hertfordshire. Hopkinson (J.), F.L.S., 1887. 

Dakota Group. Lesquereux, 1891. 

India. Forest flora of North-west and Central India. 

Brandis and Stewart, 1874. 

Kew Gardens^ BIew Gardens, 1878. 

Liverpool. Dickinson (J.), 1851. 

New Zealand. Indigenous Grasses. Buchanan (J.), 1880 ; 

New Zealand, 1886, p. 409. 

North island of New Zealand. Colenso, 1865. 

BOUNDARIES. 

Municipal Corporation Boundaries Commission. Reports, 1832, 
1837. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 468. 

Ireland. Report relative to proposed boundaries of Cities and 
Boroughs, 1832. Ireland, p. 140. 



BRAKES —BREAKWATERS. 73 

BRAKES. 

Automatic Screw Brake. Smith (Walter P.), 1880. 

Hydraulic Brakes theory. Canet, 1879. 

Indicator and Prony Brake. Thurston (R. H.), 1890, p. 309. 

Lay cock's Patent Brake. Laycock, 1888. 

Prony Brake (large). Construction. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1886, p. 308. 

Self-acting Brakes. GutoN. Piobbrt, Combes, and Couche, 1857. 

Soulerin Continuous Brakes. Soulerin (L.), 1890, 1892. 

Steel-Mclnnes' patent pneumatic reaction brake. 

Steel (James) and Mclnnes, 1875. 

Vacuum Brakes. Smith's Vacuum Brake Co., 1878. 

See also Railways (Brakes). 

BRASS. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 1. 

Brass Founder's Guide. Larkin (J.), 1869. 

Metallurgy of Brass, etc. Percy (J.), 1861. 

BREAD. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 12. 

Bread-making. New apparatus for panification, of M. Rolland, 
baker. Poncelet, etc., 1840. 

BREAKWATERS. Bentham, 1844. 

Advantages of employing a Framework of Malleable Iron in the 
construction of Breakwaters. Vetch (J.), 1841. 

Construction of. BossuT and Viallet, 1790 ; Noel, 1781 ; 

Quinettb de Rochemont, 1893; Shellshbar (W.), 1886. 

Construction of small Breakwaters and the silting they give 
rise to. Farren, 1889. 

Construction of, for harbours similarly situated as one at Dover. 

Burn (C), 1859. 
Floating Breakwaters. Cambrielin, 1887. Timonofp (V. E. de). 

1892. Improvements in. Clark (E. H.), 1884. 

Moored floating constructions as breakwaters. Navigation of 

rivers and seaports improved by them. 

White (John), 1840. 
New Floating Breakwater. McCosh, 1874. 

Iron Breakwaters. Webb (E. B.), 1862. 

Plan for a fixed Breakwater or fortified Harbour of refuge. 

Johnston (J.), 1844. 
Protection of beds of rivers and of seas. Chaubart, 1870. 

Report of Select Committee, 1860. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 
Aberdeen South Breakwater. Report, 1885. Messent. 

Brixham, in Torbay. Plan. Rendel (J. M.), 1836. 

Byron Bay, N.S.W. Proposed Breakwater. Byron Bay, 1890. 
Cherbourg completion. Bonnin (J.), 1857. 

vol. I. L 



74 BREAKWATERS — BREWERIES. 

BREAKWATERS— conftnttcd. 

Cherbourg. Compared with Plymouth breakwater. 

Cachin, 1820 
Colombo Breakwater, 1872-81. India, p. 117. 

Copenhagen. Construction of a Breakwater at the Free -port, 

MoLLER (H. C. v.), 1893. 

Glenelg Pier, South Australia. Wrought iron louvred break- 
water. Hays (W. B.), 1856. 

Greenway Breakwater. Thomas (E. C. G.), 1880. 

India. Construction (Harbour Works at Kurrachee and Madras). 

Parkes (W.), 1880. 
Italy. Recent Breakwaters and Sea Defences in Italy. 

LuiGGi, 1893; Luiggi, 1894. Add. 517. 

Middelgrunden Fort in the Sound. Breakwater and Port. 

Hansen (P.), 1893. 
New Zealand. Napier. Specification of Works. 

Napier, N.Z., 1886. 
Pendeen, Cornwall. Proposed Harbour and Breakwater. 

Johnston (T. M. H.), 1854. 

Plymouth. Account. Rennie (Sir J.), 1848. Breakwater now 

constructing. Rennie (J.) and Whidbey, 1806. Bentham's 

Minute. Plymouth Sound, 1812. Report, 1812. Moyle, 

1813. Proposed fort behind breakwater. Plymouth, 1862. 

Portland. Report. Bush, 1836. 

■ Breakwater for Portland Roads as projected. 

Harvey (J.), 1827. 

— Breakwater and Harbour of Refuge to be constructed in 

Portland Roads. Parley, 1847. 

Isle of Portland. Portland, 1847. 

Bill for constructing a breakwater. Portland, 1825. 

Table Bay. Papers relating to the proposed construction of a 
breakwater. Statement of expenditure incurred in its 
construction. Table Bay, 1852, 1864. 

Tasmania. Emu Bay. Emu Bay, 1890. 

Timaru, New Zealand, Breakwater. Specification of Contract 
No. 4 for. Timaru, N.Z., 1881. 

Report as to the damage caused by building a breakwater 

at, and the further damage that may accrue therefrom. 

Timaru, N.Z., 1880. 

Tyne. Conditions, Specifications, Form of Tender, Correspond- 
ence, etc., for the construction of breakwaters at or near the 
entrance to. Tyne River, 1854, 1855, pp. 335, 336. 

Vardo Harbour. Sections of Breakwaters. Yard5, 1894. 

BREWERIES. 

Breweries and Maltings. Soamell (G.), 1880. 

Brewing and distilling. Bbvan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 12. 



BRICELAYEBS AND BRICKLAYING — BRIDGES. 75 

BRICKLAYERS AND BRICKLAYING. 

Employment of Brickwork and Masonry in building construction. 

Burn (R. S.), 1876. 
Information for Bricklayers. Buckle, 1886. 

London Prices of Bricklayers' Materials and Work. 

Lanqlby (B.), 1750. 

Observations on Brick-bond. Anonymous, 1884, p. 50. 

Practical Bricklaying. Anonymous (1830). 

Rudiments of Practical Bricklaying. Hammond, A., 1885. 

Treatise on Bricklaying, Cidling, and Setting. Walker (F.), 1885. 

Tiles, Pipes, eto. Lejeune, 1870. 

BRICKS AND BRICKMAKING. 

Bricks and Brickmaking. Anonymous, 1878, p. 41 ; 

Chamberlain (Humphrey), 1857. 

Bricks with a high amount of chalk. Hartig, 1893. 

Experiments on the mode of binding brick construction. 

Brunel (Sir M. I.), 1836. 

Manufacture of Bricks and Tiles. Dobson, 1850, 1873, 1882. 

Manufacture of Bricks, Tiles, Terra Cotta, etc. 

Davis (C. T.), 1884. 
Allahabad. Falconnet, 1874. 

Blechingley Tunnel. Brickmaking. Simms (P. W.), 1843. 

England. Cox (S. P.), 1881 . 

India (Western), Brickmaking in. Chemical and Geological 
Observations relating to. Walsh (M.), 1869. 

India. Machines, two brickmaking, sent out to India in 1851, 
with remarks on brickmaking by machinery. Report. 

Sterling (R. S.), 1858. 
Montana, Manufaqture of Bricks (Slag) in. Egleston, 1891. 

Sydney, Bricks and Brickmaking in and around. 

Nangle (J.), 1894. Add. 522. 

BRIDGES (General References). Gautier, 1728 ; Taunton (J. H.), 

1881 ; Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1862-4 ; 

WiLKiNS (H. St. C), 1879. 

Application of Iron to the construction of Bridges. Campin, 1883. 
Average plans of Bridges. Hart (J. H. E.), 1868. 

Battle of the Bridges. Anonymous, 1882, p. 41. 

Blowing-up of Bridges. Burgoyne (Sir J. R), 1868. 

Bridge Architecture. Advantages of the flying pendent lever 
bridge. Pope (T.), 1811. 

Bridge and roof construction. Langer (J.), 1873. 

Bridge and Tunnel Centres. M'Master, 1875. 

Bridge-building. Treatise— equilibrium of vaults and arches. 

Cresy,4839. 



76 BBIDOES. 

BRIDGES (General References) — continued. 

Bridge-building. Barkhausen, Nessenius and Houselle, 1892; 

Bauernfeind, 1876 ; Croizette-Dbsnoyers, 1885 ; Hev- 

8INQER von Waldegg, 1877, 1883. Add. 507 ; Laissle, 

1871-76 ; Leupold, 1726 ; Mary (L. C), 1873 ; Walter (J.), 

1766; Whipple (S.), 1873; Winkler (K), 1875-^7. 

Bridges constructed by Nicholas Zabaglia. 

Zabaolla and Eontana, 1743. 
Cantilever system. Gaudard, 1891. 

Cementitious Architecture as applicable to the construction of 
bridges. White (John), 1832. 

Collection of photographs. Anonymous, p. 41. 

Combination Bridges, their merits and cost, a comparison with 

Howe truss bridges. Strobel (C. L.), 1882. 

Construction of. Gauthey, 1809 ; Jenkin, 1876 ; 

Morandiere (R.), 1874, 1880-88 ; Scotti (R), 1828 ; 

Wiebeking (C. F. von), 1810. Construction and design of 

the wing-walls of Bridges. Martin (T.), 1863. 
Continuous Revolving Drawbridges. Hersghel (C), 1875. 

Curbed bridges. Graepp, 1867 ; N(5rdling, 1869. 

Design of Bridge for public road constructed on 60-feet well 

foundation in a sandy soil. Twiddale (C. H. A.), 1876. 

Design of Movable Bridges. Findlay (C. F.), 1881. 

Evolution in the construction of great bridges. Gaudard, 1892. 

Examples of Bridges and Viaducts. Haskoll, 1867. 

Graphical method for the analysis of Bridge Trusses. 

Greene (C. E.), 1875. 

Great heights. Barri^ du Molard, 1827. 

Highway Bridges. Specifications. Bouscaren, 1887, 1890. 

Economy in. Waddell (J. A. L.), 1883, '87, '89. 
Iron Highway and Railway Bridges. Anonymous, 1885, p. 46. 
Iron, stone, timber, and wire, and suspension Bridges. Theory, 
practice, and architecture of. Weale (J.), 1839-43. 
Metal, stone, and wood. Boudsot, 1853. 

Modem Bridges. Heinzerlino, 1873-76. 

Modern Examples of Road and Railway Bridges. 

Maw and Dredge, 1872. 

Oblique Bridges. Buck (G. W.), 1839, 1880. Application of 

masonry to their construction. Dobson, 1842. 
Observations on Bridge building. Anonymous, 1760, p. 50. 

Patent for Invention in the art of constructing. 

Jordan (James), 1797. 
Pine stringers and floor beams for. Bates, 1890. 

Pins or Rivets in Bridges. Ende, 1891. 

Practice and Architecture. Hoskino, 1843. 

Principles. Hutton (C), 1801. 



BRIDGES. 77 

BRIDGES (General References)— continued. 

Properties of continuous bridges. Bender (C. B.), 1876. 

Proportions of Pine used in. Bender (C. B.), 1873. 

Remarks on the different constructions of Bridges. 

Marquand, 1749. 

Specification. Guppy, 1856. 

Strains on Braced Iron Arches and Arched Iron Bridges. 

Heaford, 1883. 

Strength of Bridges. Shreve (S. H.), 1877 ; Tetmajer, 1875. 

Theory and Calculations of Continuous Bridges. 

Merriman, 1876. 

Theory of Bridge Construction. Haupt (H.), 1856 ; 

Wood (D. N.), 1876. 

Theory of strains for the calculation and construction of Bridges. 

Diedrichs, 1871. 

Tracts on Bridges and Vaults. Ware (S.), 1822. 

Treatise on Bracing. Bow, 1851. 

Use of wells for foundations. Abbott (F.), 1850. 

Various engravings relating to. Anonymous, p. 41. 

Water flowing through Bridges. Haverstadt (C), 1883. 

See also Viaducts. 

BRIDGES OF BOATS. 

Punjab, 1887. India, p. 129. 

■ Boat bridge over the River Ravi at Chichawatni. 

Lall (K.), 1879. 

Permanent bridge of boats across the River Ravi, 1892. 

India, p. 130. 

3RIDGES (Iron). 

Iron Bridges. Collignon, 1888; Ebert, 1886; Heinzerlino, 

1870; Matheson, 1873, 77; Maynard, 1868; 
Regnauld, 1870; RifesAL (J.), 1885-89. 

Arched Iron Bridges. Dupuy, 1879. 

Calculations and theory of Iron Bridges and roofs. 

Ritter (A.), 1879. 

Cast and wrought iron Bridge construction. Humber, 1861. 

Cast Iron Bridges. Margellis and Duval, 1840. 

New system of casting. Polonceau (A. R.), 1839. 

Chain and other iron Bridges. Anonymous, p. 42. 

Comparative study of various systems. Gaudard, 1865. 

Construction of Bridges in Iron and Steel. Fidler, 1887, '93. 

Construction of Iron Bridges. Belelubsky, 1888 ; 

Klein (H. J.), 1886 ; Winkler (E.), 1884. 

Construction of Iron Highway Bridges. Boller, 1876. 



78 BRIDGBS. 

BRIDGES (Iron) — continued. 

Continuous girder bridges. Barkhausen (G.), [1892]. 

BoNOLis (A.), 1878, '81. 

Cylinder Bridge Piers. Calculations necessary in designing them. 

Newman (J.), 1875. 

Cylinder Bridge Piers and the Well System of Foundations. 

Newman (J.), 1893. 

Designing of ordinary Iron Highway Bridges. 

Waddell (J. A. L.), 1884. 

Girders. Cast and wrought iron Bridges and girders. 

HUMBER, 1857. 

• Comparison of the various forms of Girder Bridge. 

Myers, 1876. 

— — Girder Bridges design. Some points for the consideration 
of English engineers. Shelford (W.) and Shield, 1886. 

— Girder making and the practice of Bridge building in 

wrought iron. Hutchinson (E.), 1879. 

■ Mechanics of the Girder. Crehore, 1886. 

Highway Bridges of Iron and Steel. General Specifications. 

Waddell (J. A. L.), 1887, '88, '89. 

Iron Wire. Seguin (Aine), 1826. 

Lattice Bridge. Iron superstructure. Type for five railways. 

Belelubskt, 1881. 

Lattice and plate girders. Wohlbr (A.), 1850. 

M'Callum's Inflexible Arched Truss Bridge. M'Callum, 1859. 

Metal Bridges. Biadego, 1886 ; Bonnin (R.), 1875 ; Pascal, 
1887 ; Chicchi, 1886 ; Construction. Molinos and Pronnier, 

1857. 
— — Principles of economy in the design of metallic bridges. 

Bender (C. B.), 1885. 

Road covering. Pestalozzi, 1876. 

Skeleton Structures. Steel and Iron Bridges. Henrici, 1866. 
Spans (Great). Ruppbrt. 

Specifications for strength of Iron Bridges. 

Wilson (Joseph M.), 1886. 
Tubular Bridges. Yvert (L.), 1851. 

Tubular Girder Bridges. Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1851, p. 402. 

Tubular and other Iron Girder Bridges. Dempsey, 1865, 1877. 

Tubular Bridges. Original and Useful Formulae applied to. 

Tate (T.), 1850. 

Strains in the interior of Tubular Bridges. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1862, p. 21. 
Warping. Gaudard, 1893. 

Wohler's experiments, value of, for dimensioning iron construc- 
tions, especially bridges. Mohr (O.), [1881]. 



BRIDGES. 79 

BRIDGES (iROif)— continued. 

Wrought Iron Bridges. Lentz, 1865; Unwin (W. C), 1869, 

p. 360. 

Construction of Wrought Iron Bridges. 

Latham (J. H.), 1858. 

Lectures on Construction. Unwin (W. C), 1872. 

Bridge Members, their strength. Robinson (S. W.), 1882. 

Practical Formulae and rules for finding the strain and 

breaking weight. Bowling, 1866. 

Modem Wrought Iron Bridge. Russian Engineers' Report. 

Russia, 1852. 

Use of wrought and cast iron (system of Cadiat and Oudry). 

Anonymous, 1851, p. 50. 

Use of sheet iron, wrought iron, and cast iron. 

Cadiat and Oudry. 
See also Gibders. 

BRIDGES (Military). Reymond (L. von), 1881. 

Bridges (Military), principles and construction of. 

Douglas (Sir H.), 1816, 1853. 

United States. Haupt (H.), 1864. 

By United States Army and those adopted by the 

great European Powers and in British India. 

CULLUM, 1869. 

Creusot. Hennebert, 1890. 

Military Pontoons. Anonymous, 1835, p. 49. 

BRIDGES (Railway). Pozzi, 1887. Add 529. 

Bridges to carry a single line of Railway over an occupation road. 

Anonymous, p. 41. 

Chain Bridges. Leblano, 1844. 

Channel Bridge. Anglo-French Railway Bridge, and how it is to 

be constructed. Stead (H.), 1865. 

British Channel Bridge. Villemont (J. H.), 1894. 

Reports. Schneider and Co. and Hersent, 1889. 

Channel Bridge and Railway Company. 

Channel, 1890-92. 

Marine Viaduct, or Continental Railway Bridge between 

England and France. Boyd (C), 1857. 

Iron. Huesca to Francia by Canfrano. 

Faquineto and Puig de la Bellasca, 1893. Add. 500. 
Iron Truss Bridges for Railroads. Methods of Calculating Strains. 

Merrill, 1870. 
Long Span Railway Bridges. Baker (Sir B.), 1873. 

Movable Bridges. Conrad (F. W.), 1848. 

Railway Bridges of long and short span. 

Roeblino (J. a.), 1869. 



80 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Railway) — continued. 

Railway Bridges. Masonry Abutment. Passos, 1892. 

For turnpike, public, and occupation roads. Estimates. 

Geover (J. W.), 1866, 70. 
Small span cross beams. Anderson (W.), 1866 

Specifications for Iron and Steel Railroad Bridges and Viaducts. 

Cooper (Theodore), 1889. 
Steel and Iron Railway Bridges, General Specifications for, for 

spans up to 300 feet. Canada, 1892. Add. 490. 

Structural Steel for Modern Railroad Bridges. G. H. Thomson's 

Standard Specifications. Thomson (G. H.), 1894. Add. 536. 

BRIDGES (Stone). 

Bridges (Stone). Deqrand, 1856; Dubosque, 1881, '87; 

DupuiT, 1854. 
Architecture of Stone Bridges. Riou (S.), 1760. 

BRIDGES (Suspension). Boudsot, 1853 ; Brix (A. F. W.), 1887 

Drewry, 1832 ; Ellet (C), jun., 1843 ; Navier, 1823. 

American. Clericetti, 1878. 

Chains and Wire as applied to Suspension Bridges. Brief 

Inquiry into the comparative value of. "West (W.), 1835. 

Construction of Suspension Bridges. Barlow (P.), 1837, 1851 ; 

SWEND, 1887. 

Dredge's improved system. Goodwyn, 1843. Dredge's patent 

taper principle Suspension Bridges. Young (C. D.) 1851. 

Economy in Suspension Bridges. Young (E. W.), 1873. 

Improved Suspension Bridge. Cowper, 1847. 

Iron Suspension Bridges. Lectures. Boileau (A. H. E.), 

1842. Practical Essay. Thomson (John), Capt., 1839. 

Mathematical theory. Gilbert (D.), 1826. 

Properties of the Catenarian Curve. Gilbert (D.), 1821. 

Size of Pins for connecting flat links in the chains. 

Fox (Sir C), 1865. 

Steel Rope Suspension Foot Bridge over River, 200 feet span by 
6 feet wide. Design for. Harper (L.), 1894. Add. 505. 

Stifl&iess, of any desired degree of. Bender (C. B.), 1881. 

Suspension Bridges, and bar iron and iron wire for these bridges, 
compared with notes on some bridges of antiquity. 

Stewart (W.), 1855. 

Suspension Chain Bridges with an improved method of forming 
the supporting chains or rods. Seaward (J.), 1823. 

Table for facilitating computations. Gilbert (D.), 1831. 

Theory and practice in the construction. Goodwyn (H.), 1854. 

Dunkirk. Plocq, 1859. 



BRIDGES. 81 

BRIDGES (Swing). 

Movable Swing. PoUet. Alexandre, 1891. 

Swing Bridge over the River "Wensum at Norwich. 

Bidder (G. P.), 1846. 

BRIDGES (Wooden). Winkler (E.), 1881, '87. 

Collection of Designs. Lall (K.), 1860. 

BRIDGES (Particular). 

Albert Bridge, Chelsea. Albert Bridge, 1879. 

Albert and Battersea Bridges. Arbitration. Albert Bridge, 1 879. 

Alton, Illinois. Specifications for Superstructure of Railway 
Bridge across Mississippi River at. 

MoRisoN (G. S.), 1892. Add 521. 
American Bridge Disasters. Cause and remedy. VosB (G. L.), 1887. 
American Railroad Bridges. Cooper (Theodore), 1889, 

America (North). Comparison of American and European 
Systems. Comolli, 1879, '83. 

Ande on the Seine. Construction of a temporary (wooden) foot- 
bridge at. BoNNiN (R.), 1873. 
Ardennes Canal, Montrejean, la Roche-de-Glun, Petit Vey and 
Souillac Bridges. Sartoris (U.), 1823. 
Argentine (Central). Railway Specifications for Bridge Work 

Central Argentine Railway, 1869. 
Ashtabula Bridge. Report of the Committee on the disaster, 
1877. Ashtabula Bridge. 

Australia (South). Port Bridge, 1877. 

Austria. K.k. Staatsbahn Stanislau - Woronienka. Arched 
bridges. Huss, 1893. 

Austria. Strengthening Iron bridges. Huss, 1889. 

BatrakL Bridge over the Volga, near. Buzzi, 1887. 

Belfast. Proposed permanent bridge in lieu of Albert Bridge. 

Bretland and Bazalgette, 1886. 
Bezwada, India. Railway Bridge over the EIrishna River at. 

India, p. 12L 

Krishna Bridge. Estimate and Accounts. 

Spring (F. J. E.), 1893. 

Bismarck Bridge, Northern Pacific Railroad. Morison (G. S.), 

1884. Specifications for the substructure and superstructure, 

1883. Northern Pacific Railroad. 
Blackfriars Bridge. Experience of a new bridge. Blacefriars, 
1756. Inscription in City Latin. Birch (B.), 1760. 
Act. Blackfriars, 1765. Plan for redeeming the Toll, 
1767. London Bridge. Petition, 1774. Mylnb (R.). 
Reports. Blackfrla^rs, 1833, 1840. Specification of 
Repairs. Blackfriars, 1833. Report. Walker (James) 

%nd Burges, 1833. 
vol. l m 



82 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued, 

Blaokfiiars Bridge. Reports respecting a new Bridge. 

Blackpriars, 1861, 1862, 

Contract for removal of existing bridge and for building 

new bridge. Cubitt (J.) and Carr, 1869. 

Blair Crossing Bridge. Morison (G. S.), 1886. 

Bombay. Designs for large Railway bridges. Dowden, 1876. 

Designs for iron bridges for deep rivers in alluvial forma- 

tions with r^erence to bridges on the Bombay Railway. 

DowDEN, 1876. 

Bordeaux. Bordeaux, 1822. Designs for metal bridge over the 

Garonne at Bordeaux. La Roche Tolat and Regnauld, 

I860; Regnauld, 1869. 

Bow Bridge. Old bridge at Stratford-le-Bow. Burges, 1837. 

Report on the widening. Walker (James), 1829, p. 395. 

Report and estimates. Walker (James)^ 

1832, p. 393. 

Mode of construction. Redmaw (J. B.), 1839. 

Boyne Bridge. History. Macneill, 1860. History and state 

in 1858-59. Botne Bridge. 
Britannia Tubular Bridge. Britannia, 1849 ; Clark (E.), 1851, 

1881. Tourists' Guide. Jackson (T.), 1850; 

Practicability of erecting a tubular bridge. 

Stephenson (R.), Fairbaim and Hodgkinson, 1846. 
Britannia and Conway Bridges. Airy (Sir G. B.) 1872, p. 17 ; 

Dempsey, 1865, 1877 ; Fairbairn (T), 1849. 

Construction. Fairbairn (Sii* W.), 1840, p. 401. 

Brooklyn. See below, New York and Brooklyn. 
Buda-!Pesth. Suspension Bridge across the Danube, uniting 
Pesth with Buda. C^ark (W. T), 1852-53. 

Burmah. Contracts for Ironwork for Railway Bridges, 1887. 

India, p. 114. 
Cairo Bridge, Illinois. Fish, 1892 ; Morison (G. S.), 1892. 

Calcutta Steam ferry-bridge crossing the river. 

Henderson and Greaves, 1854. 
Canterbury, New Zealand, Timber Bridges. Canterbury, N.Z. 
Chaudiere Bridge over the Ottawa River, tender for iron super- 
structure over. Chaudiere Bridge, 1880. 
Chelsea Bridge, strength of. CheXjSea Bridge, 1860-62. Con- 

struction. Page (G. G.), 1863. 
Chenab Bridge at Sher Shah, Punjab,. 1888-90. India, p. 130. 
Chicago. Howe Truss Bridge. Chicago, 1891. 

New Rush Street Bridge. Artinqstall, 1884, 

CSiitpore, Lattice Girder Bridge, to replace Suspension Bridge at. 

Handlby (H. J.), 1817. 
Cbristianshavn KnippelsbrOj new bridge at. Luders [1872]. 



BBIDGES. 85 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued. 

Italy. Collection of Laws relating to Bridges and Common Roads, 
1860-83. Italy,, p. 146. 

Reports of the General Direction of Bridges and Roads, 

1872. Italy, p. 146. 

Japan, Imperial Railways of. Bridges. Japan, 1891. 

Iron Railroad Bridges, System for. 

Waddbll (J. A. L.), 1886. 

River Crossing and Bridge Piers. Otaqawa, 1888. 

Jerry^s Plains, New South Wales, Bridge over the Hunter River. 

Huntbb River, 1890. 

Kansas City Bridge. Chanute and Morison, 1870. 

Kehl, Bridge over the Rhine at. Foundations, etc. 

VuiGNER (E.), 1862 ; Vuignbb (E.) and St. Denis, 1861. 

Kew Bridge. Bill for building a stone bridge from the parish of 

Ealing to the hamlet of Kew, 1782. Kew Bridge. 

Keystone Bridge Company. Examples of Structures built by the 
Company. Keystone Bridge Co. 

Album of iron bridges, roofs, columns, chords, links, etc. 

Keystone Bridge Co., 1874. 
Lagan (New) Bridge. Specification and contract drawings, 1888. 

Belfast. 
Lambeth Bridge Co. v. Metropolitan Board of Works. 

Lambeth, 1878. 

Lanark and Dumbarton Bridge, Act for making, 1820. Lanabk. 

Liverpool. Proposed High-level Roadway Bridge across the 

Mersey. Websteb (J. J.) and Wood, 1893. 

Calculations of an inflexible iron bridge : a beam bridge 

600 ft. span uniting the arched and suspension systems. 

Stewabt (W.), 1861. 

Liverpool and Birkenhead, practicability of connecting by wire 

suspension bridge of one span. Bablow (P. W.), 1860. 

London Bridge. Cabr (H.), 1871 ; Douglas (Sir H.), 1816, 1853 ; 

Tybbell (C.) and Anderson, 1823. Probable consequences 

of the demolition of London Bridge. Englefield, 1821. 

Nature of the Tides and fall of Water at London Bridge. 

Langley (B.), 1737. 

London Bridge, Observations. Sills (J.), 1873. 

London Bridge, Observations on its rebuilding. 

Seawabd (J.), 1824. 

History, 1758. Chronicles, 1827. London Bridge. 

Plan for discharging the debt due to the Artificers of 

London Bndge, 1767. London Bridge. 

Ct™^^^ and improvement of the 

waterway under London Bridge, 1814 

London Brid^- 



84 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued. 

Forth Bridge. Proposed Chain Bridge over Firth of Forth at 
Queensferry. Anderson, J., 1818. 

Proposed Forth Bridge. Stephenson (G. R.) and Tone, 1862. 

France. France, 1834, 1870, p. 435. 

Roads and Bridges. Reynauld (L.), 1883. 

French Bridges. Watson (William), Ph.D. , of Boston, 1 892. 

Bridges of Neuilli, of Mantes, of Orleans and of Louis XVI. 

Perronet, 1788. 
Fribourg. Bridges over the Saane. Saanb, 1866. 

Suspension Bridge, Switzerland; historical and technical 

description. Fribourg, 1839. 

Fulham Bridge, 1758. London Bridge. 

Geneva Suspension Bridge. Dufour, 1824. 

Germany. Iron Truss Bridges. Klett. 

Glasgow Bridge. Substructure. Blasting under water. 

Sooysmith (C), 1879. 

Graz, Albrechts Bridge over the Mur. Gabriely, 1887. 

Ferdinands Bridge. Gabriely and Winter, 1882. 

Grey Gorge Bridge, New Zealand. Report on accident to the 
bridge, 1876. New Zealand, p. 408. 

Hamburg. Street Bridges over the North Elbe. 

Gleim and Engel, 1890. 

Hamilton, bridge over the River Clyde, near. Clyde, 1770. 

Hammersmith, proposed Bridge over River Thames. 

Hamuersmith Bridge, 1824. 

Hampton Court Bridge, 1758. London Bridge. 

Harlem River Bridge, Plans. Harlem, 1886. 

Harper's Ferry. Iron suspension and trussed bridge, designed 
for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. 

BOLLMAN, 1852. 
Hawkesbury Bridge, New South Wales, opening May 1, 1889. 

Hawkesbury, 1889. 

Hayling (South) Bridge Company. Proposed bridge over the 
Langstone Channel between Hayling Island and Southsea. 

Hayung Island, 1883. 
Holland, Movable bridges for the railways of. 

Conrad, (F. W.), [1848]. 

Hooghly " resultant tension" principle. Goodwyn, 1854. 

East Indian Railway Bridge at Hugli. Luard (C. H.), 1887. 

Hutcheson Town Bridge at Glasgow. Maintenance. 

Page (J.), 1865. 
Illinois and St. Louis Bridge Company Reports. Eads, 1868-70. 

Indian Rivers, Bridges over. Abbott (F.), 1850. 

Indus, N. W. Railway Bridge over the. 

Robertson (F. K), 1889. 



BRIDGES. 85 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued, 

Italy. Collection of Laws relating to Bridges and Common Roads, 
1860-83. Italy,, p. 146. 

Reports of the General Direction of Bridges and Roads, 

1872. Italy, p. 146. 

Japan, Imperial Railways of. Bridges. Japan, 1891. 

Iron Railroad Bridges, System for. 

Waddell (J. A. L.), 1886. 

River Crossing and Bridge Piers. Otaqawa, 1888. 

Jerry's Plains, New South Wales, Bridge over the Hunter River. 

Hunter River, 1890. 

Kansas City Bridge. Chanute and Morison, 1870. 

.Kehl, Bridge over the Rhine at. Foundations, etc. 

VuiGNER (E.), 1862 ; Vuigner (E.) and St. Denis, 1861. 

Kew Bridge. Bill for building a stone bridge from the parish of 

Ealing to the hamlet of Kew, 1782. Kew Bridge. 

Keystone Bridge Company. Examples of Structures built by the 
Company. Keystone Bridge Co. 

Album of iron bridges, roofs, columns, chords, links, etc. 

Keystone Bridge Co., 1874. 

Lagan (New) Bridge. Specification and contract drawings, 1888. 

Belfast. 

Lambeth Bridge Co. v. Metropolitan Board of Works. 

Lambeth, 1878. 

Lanark and Dumbarton Bridge, Act for making, 1820. Lanark. 

Liverpool. Proposed High-level Roadway Bridge across the 
Mersey. Webster (J. J.) and Wood, 1893. 

Calculations of an inflexible iron bridge : a beam bridge 

600 ft. span uniting the arched and suspension systems. 

Stewart (W.), 1861. 

Liverpool and Birkenhead, practicability of connecting by wire 
suspension bridge of one span. Barlow (P. W.), 1860. 

London Bridge. Carr (H.), 1871 ; Douglas (Sir H.), 1816, 1853 ; 
Tyrrell (C.) and Anderson, 1823. Probable consequences 
of the demolition of London Bridge. Englefield, 1821. 

Nature of the Tides and fall of Water at London Bridge. 

Langley (B.), 1737. 

London Bridge, Observations. Sills (J.), 1873. 

London Bridge, Observations on its rebuilding. 

Seaward (J.), 1824. 

History, 1758. Chronicles, 1827. London Bridge. 

Plan for discharging the debt due to the Artificers of 

London Bridge, 1767. London Bridge. 

- Report respecting the enlargement and improvement of the 

waterway under London Bridge, 1814. 

London Bridge. 



86 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued. 

London Bridge. BUstorical account. Hawksmoob, 1736. 

Relief of, and its approaches. Palmer (F. T.), 1877. 

Professional survey of the old and new London Bridges, 

1831. London Bridge. 

Acts, 1822-39. London Bridge. 

London Bridge Approaches Bill, 1829. London Bridge. 

Abstract of proceedings and evidence, 1819. 

London Bridge. 

Conduct of the Corporation in respect to designs for 

rebuilding London Bridge, 1823. London Bridge. 

Minutes of evidence, 1821, '29. London Bridge. 

Objections to several clauses in the new Bill, 1823. 

London Bridge. 

Report of T. Telford on the effects which will be produced 

on the Thames by the rebuilding, 1823. London Bridge. 

Report on Bridge House Estates, 1823. London Bridge. 

— - Reports on the rebuilding of London Bridge, 1827-29, 
1831-56. London Bridge. 

■ ■ Report on London Bridge Bill, 1879. London Bridge. 

— Report of the effects which will be produced on the Thames 
by its rebuilding. Telford (T.), 1823, p. 287. 

Report on widening. 

Jones (Sir Horace) and Gregory, 1875. 

Shall it be widened or shall a new bridge be built near the 

Tower? Webb (E. B.) and Bolland, 1878. 
Old and new. Cooke (E. W.) and Rennie, 1833. 

Old London Bridge. Present state and need of new bridge. 

DoDD, 1820. 
London, Port of. An account of the intended L'on Bridge. 

Telford (T.) and Douglass, 1802. 

— — Are more bridges needed ? 

Bennoch, 1853 ; Redman (J. B.), 1878. 

Metropolitan Communications and Thames Bridges. 

Hall (E.), 1857. 

Metropolitan Toll Bridges Act, 1877. Report, 1877. 

Opening of the bridges free of toll. London, p. 254. 

Select Committee on Metropolitan Bridges. 

London, p. 254. 

Metropolitan Bridges, repairs urgently needed. 

Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1880. 

Proposed new bridge over the Thames, and a new route 

between the south and east of London. 

Lanchesteb, 1878. 

' Brid^^'^s f ver thr Thames at London. 

Walmislby (A. T.), 1880. 



BRIDGES. 87 

BRIDGES (PAS,TicvLAR)^continued. 

London, Port of. Thames Toll Bridges, Report on the freeing 
of the. Thames, River, 1876, p. 291. 

Bridge from "Westminster to Lambeth. Price (J.), 1735, 

Report relative to the Approaches to the New London 

Bridge. Rennie (Sir J.), 1827. 

Londonderry. Proposed new bridge. 

CuBiTT (Sir W.) and Barlow, 1857. 

Louisville Bridge Company. Reports, 1872. 

Louisville Bridge Co. 

Lowestoft Ravine Bridge. Lowestoft, 1887. 

Luceme. Built in 1869-70. Gaudard, 

Marienburg, over the Nogat. Lentze, 1855. 

Mainz, Bridge over the Rhine at. Report on inspection. 

FiJNJE (J. G. W.) and Diesen, 1862. 

Memphis, Tennessee, Bridge across the Mississippi. Specifications 
for superstructure (Kansas City and Memphis Railway and 
Bridge Co.). Morison (G. S.), 1890. 

Menai Iron Suspension Bridge. Cumminq (T. G.), 1824. 

Menai Bridge. Proposed bridges over the Menai and the 
Conway. Mekai Bridge, 1802. 

Plan for timber bridge over the Menai, 1786. AppUcation 

for Act, 1817. Opposition to Bill, 1817. Menai Bridge. 

Holyhead Road and Menai Bridge Reports, 1821. 

Mekai Bridge. 

Papers relating to building a biidge over the Menai Strait, 

1819, Menai Bridge. 

Menai Suspension Bridge. Pring, 1829 ; Provis, 1828. Report. 

Telford (T.), 1821, p. 287. Description, 1826 ; cost, repairs, 

1886 ; Report on condition, 1890. Menai Bridge. 

Proposed bridge. Holyhead Harbour, 1844. 

See ahovej Britannia Bridge. 

Merchants' Bridge Terminal Railway Viaduct at St. Louis, Mo. 

MooRE (R.), 1894. Add. 521. 
Mersey, Proposals for a bridge across. 

Ellacott (J.), 1863. Add. 498. 
Middlesex Bridges, Report of Magistrates, 1826. Middlesex. 

Mirimachi Railway Bridges, Canada. General plans and eleva- 
tions. Intercolonial Ry., 1870. Add. 510. 
Mississippi River, between St. Paul and St. Louis. Report on 
bridging. Warren (G. K.), 1878. 
Missouri Valley and Blair Railway and Bridge Company. 
Specifications for Superstructure of Bridge over the Missouri 

River, 1882. Missouri Valley. 
Monchenstein Bridge catastrophe. Rittbr (W.), 1893. 

RiTTER (W.) and Tetmajer, 1891. 



88 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Particular)— confintted. 

Monchenstem Bridge catastrophe. Causes of breaking. 

Gaudard, 1891. 

Report on the failure of. Tetmajer, [1893]. 

Montreal, Railway Bridge over the St. Lawrence at. Batemak 

(F.), 1882; Kennedy (J.), 1882; Serrbll (W.), 1852. 

Report on a Survey. Keefer (T. C), 1893. Add. 513. 

Report of proposed works. Montreal, 1883. Tender and 

General Specifications. St. Lawrence Bridge, 1885. 

Montrose. Proposed Iron Suspension Bridge over the river South 
Esk. Buchanan (G.), 1824 ; Brown (Sir S.), 1824. 

Present state of the wood bridge. Buchanan (G.), 1824. 

Morawa Bridge by Ljubitschewo fall. Tetmajer, 1893. 

Morphett Street Railway Bridge. Adelaide, 1882. 

Murray Bridge. Cost. Murray River, 1878. 

Murray and Port Bridges. Report. Murray River, 1877. 

Nebraska City Bridge. Morison (G. S.), 1893. 

Nene. Proposed Bridge over the River to form a direct communi- 
cation between Norfolk and Lincolnshire. Rennie (J.), 1819. 

Netherlands. Great bridges on the railways. 

Buys and Kock, 1885. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Projected Suspension Bridge, 1825. New- 

CASTLE-upon-Tyne. High level Bridge. Hodgson (R.), 1858. 

New South Wales. Proposed bridge to connect Bullock Island 
with the mainland at Newcastle. Bullock Island, 1890. 

Iron Railway Bridges, 1886. New South Wales, p. 403. 

New York and Brooklyn Bridge. Practicability of connecting 
New York and Brooklyn by wire suspension bridge of one 
span. Barlow (P. W.), 1860. 

Prices of Materials and estimated Cost (East River Bridge). 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Report on plans for the Bridge, 1869. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Reports on proposed East River Bridge, 1867, 70. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Cost of the Structure and Land (East River Bridge), 1873. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Communications by the President of the Trustees of the 

Bridge, 1876. New York and Brooklyn 

Reports of the New York Bridge Company, 1872-77. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Reports and Specifications relating to the East River 

Bridge, 1869-78. New York and Brooklyn. 

Report on the wire used in the construction of the cables 

for it. Ronaldson (C. E.), 1878. 



BRIDGES. 89 

BRIDGES (Particdlar) — continued, 

Steam Transit over the Bridge, 1878. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Testimony taken by the Committee of Commerce and Navi- 

gation, 1879. New York and Brooklyn. 

■ Report on contracts for steel work, 1882. 

New York and Brooklyn. 

Report on strength of Cables and suspended superstructure, 

1882. New York and Brooklyn. 

Report of Trustees, 1885. New York and Brooklyn. 

New York and Brooklyn Bridge. Report on Terminal facilities, 

1891. New York and Brooklyn. 

Enlargement of Traffic, facilities for. 

Wellington (A. M.), 1890. 

Plans of the Rapid Transit Cable Company. 

Bryson (A.), 1890. 
See above, East River Bridge. 

New York Central and Hudson River Railroad. (Form of 
Specification for superstructure of Iron Bridges.) 

New York Central and Hudson River Rly., 1894. 

Add. 523. 
Bridge across the Hudson River. Hudson, 1891. 

New York and New Jersey Bridge. Report of Board of Engineers. 
New York and New Jersey Bridge, 1894. Add. 523. 

New York, Lake Erie and Western Railroad Bridges General 
Specifications, 1879. New York, Lake Erie. 

Niagara. International Bridge over the Niagara River, near Fort 
Erie. Gzowski, 1873. 

^— Report on the renewal of Suspension Bridge. 

Buck (L. L.), 1881. 
^— Niagara Falls and Clifton, Ontario, Suspension Bridge. 

Barlow (P. W.), 1860 ; Keeper (S.), 1869 ; 
RoEBLiNQ (W. A.), 1860, 1877 ; Wassell (K), 1876. 

Norfolk County and Public Bridges, and Fords, and Bridge 
Statutes. Brereton, 1881. 

Oka Bridge by Alexin. Belelubskt, 1882. 

Omaha Bridge (New). Morison (G. S.), 1889. 

Oporto. Bridge Luiz I. Seyrig, 1886. 

Ormond Bridge, Dublin, Plans for rebuilding. 

Semple (G.), 1776, 1780. 
Oude and Rohilkund Railway. Strength of the Cylinders. 

Bell (W.), 1872. 

Bridge over the Ganges at Benares. Specification of 

steel superstructure. Batho, 1881. 

Paris. Bridge over the Seine, opposite the Jardin du Roi, 1814. 

Paris, p. 460. 

■ of the Ecole Militaire. Lamand^ 1814. 

VOL. I. N 



90 BRIDGES. 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continupd. 

Paris. Carrousel Bridge. Polonceau (A. R.), 1839. 

Parramatta. Railway Bridges on duplicated line between Parra- 
matta and Penrith, N.S.W. Parramatta, 1888. 

Patrick Bridge. Design and Construction. 

Lindsay (C. C), 1878. 

Penshaw, new Bridge over the Wear. Balfour (D.), 1891. 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge over Thirtieth Street. 

Wilson (Joseph M.), 1870. 

Phoenixville Bridge Works. Designs. Clarke (T. C), <fec., 1873. 
Plattsmouth Bridge. Morison (G. S.), 1882. 

Pont-y-tu-Pridd over the River Tafe. Smith (Thomas M.), 1846 ; 

Snell (G.), 1846. 

Portland, Oregon, Bridge across the Willamette River. Specifi- 
cations for superstructure (Northern Pacific Railway). 

MoRisoN (G. S.), 1883. 

Portland Road Bridge near Norwood Junction (London, Brighton 
and South Coast Railway). Accident, May 1, 1891. 

Portland Road Bridge. 
Portugal. Metal bridges. Portugal, 1872. 

Quebec, bridge over the St. Lawrence. Light, 1884. 

Railway Suspension Bridge over the St. Lawrence near 

Quebec. Sorrel (W.), 1852. 

Queensland. Report of the Government Architect and Engineer 
for Bridges, 1893. Queensland. Add. 529. 

Tenders for Ironwork for the bridges on the Gympie Railway. 

Gympie, 1878. 

Quincy, 111. Iron Railway Bridge across the Mississippi river at. 

Clarke (T. C), 1869. 

Rakaia Bridge, New Zealand. Report, New Zealand, p. 408. 

Ranowa Biidge by Rjaschk. Belelubsky, 1882. 

Rhenen, over the Rhine. Telders. 

Rialto Bridge, Venice. Rondelet (A.). 1836. 

Richmond Bridge. Act for building it, 1773. 

Richmond, Surrey. 

Richmond Footbridge, proposed. Grover (J. W.), 1890. 

Rochester Bridge. Statutes. Rochester Bridge, 1783. Report 
on its present state. Rochester Bridge, 1820. 

New bridge across the Medway . Pneumatic method adopted 

in constructing the foundations. Hughes (J.), 1850. 

Rouen. Stone Bridge over the Seine. Lamandi^, 1815. 

Rulo Bridge. Morison (G. S.), 1890. 

Runcorn Bridge. Dumbell, 1813, 1826. Report. Telford (T.), 
1817, p. 287. Sketch and Estimates of Machinery used in 

constructing. Telford (T.), 1817, p. 288. 

Rush Street Bridge, Chicago. Chicago, 1884. 



BRIDGES. 91 

BRIDGES (Particvlau)— continued, 

Russia, Iron Bridges in. Belelubskt (N.), 1894. Add. 484. 

St. Gothard. Vebaed de Ste Anne, 1882. 

St. Louis. Proposed Railway Bridge across the Mississippi at. 

St. Louis, 1867. History. Woodward (C. M.), 1881. 

Santa Trinita Bridge over the Arno at Florence. 

VULLIAMY (L.), 1822. 

Saugor, Central India. Iron Suspension Bridge over the Beosi 
River. Presgrave, 1840. 

Save near Brod, Railway Bridge over the, 1878-79. 

Beck von Nordenau and Juda. 

Schwedler Bridge. Myers, 1876. 

Scotland. Bill for maintaining certain Bridges in the Highlands, 
and reports. Scotland, 1803-21, p. 175. 

Sculcoates Bridge, Hull. Plans and Sections. Hull, 1872. 

Severn Bridge Railway Bill. Minutes of evidence, 1872. 

Severn (River). 

Severn Bridge at Lydney. Keeling, 1876-79. 

Acts for building bridges at Benthall, Bewdley, Cressage, 

etc., over the Severn, 1776, '95, '99. Severn (River). 

Projected bridge over it, at the Old or Aust Passage, 1845. 

Severn (River). 
Shields (North and South). Projected patent wrought-iron 
suspension bridge across the River Tyne. 

Chapman (W.), 1825, p. 242. 

Sibley Bridge. Chanute, Wallace, and Breithaupt, 1889. 

Sioux City Bridge. Morison (G. S.), 1891. 

Sukkur, Bridge over the Indus at. Robertson (F. E.), 1885. 

Theory of the braced arch, with application to the proposed 

bridge. Cunningham (A.), 1878. 
Swiss and Swedish Bridges. Notes. 

Gaudard (J.), 1894. Add. 502. 
Sydney. Spit, Middle Harbour, Proposed bridge at. 

Sydney, 1889, p. 272. 

Taptee Bridge at Surat. Survey and borings, 1871. 

India, p. 132. 

Tarban Creek, New South Wales, Report on the proposed Bridge 
over. Tarban Creek, 1890. 

Tay Bridge. Report on an Inspection. Tay Bridge, 1878. 

■ History and construction. GrOthe, 1878. 

Tay Bridge Casualty. Airy (Sir O. B.), 1880, p. 17. Appendix 
to Report and Evidence. Tay Bridge, 1880. Report upon 
the circumstances attending thi fall of a portion. 

Tay Bridge, 1880. 

Inquiry, Elevations and Sections, and Report. 

Tay Bridge, 1880, 



92 BBIDQES. 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued. 

Tay Bridge Casualty. Circular letter from the Board of Trade 
to the Railway Companies, and minute upon Hutchinson's 
observations on the Report of the Court of Enquiry. 

Tay Bridge, 1880. 

■ Tay Bridge Bill. Reports, Minutes, etc. 

Tay Bridge, 1880, '81. 

Guide and Photographs. Tay Bridge, 1887. 

— ^ New Tay Bridge. Barlow (C), 1889. Seismometric 
measurements of the vibration during the passing of 

Railway trains. Ewing, 1888. 

Thames River Bridge and Approaches at New London, Connecticut 
(New York, Providence and Boston Railroad). Roller, 1890. 

Torrington and Marland Light Railway. Photographs of the 
bridges. 

Torrington and Marland Light Railway, 1882. Add. 536. 

Tours. Machines, tools, &c., used in the construction of arches in 
mortar. Beaudemoulin, 1841. 

Tower Bridge. Proposed bridge over the Thames below London 
Bridge. Anonymous (1878), p. 57 ; Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 

1878 ; Barry (J. W.), 1894. Add 483 ; 
Ordish and Matheson, 1885. 

— • Bridge unnecessary. Barlow (P. W.), 1878. 

- Tower High Level Bridge Metropolis Bill, 1879. Evidence, 

etc. Act, 1885. Tower Bridge. 

Summary of Master's Log. Tower Bridge, 1894. 

Its history and construction. TuiT (J. E.), 1894 ; 

Welch (C), 1894. Add. 538. 

Trent Bridge. Old and New. Tarbotton (M. O.), 1871. 

Trezzo, on the Adda. Savigliano, 1887. 

Tyne Bridge. Reports. Mylne (R.), 1772 ; 

Smeaton (J.), and Wooler, 1772. 
Tyrol (South). Street Bridge over the Noceshluck by St, Giustana. 

Gabriely, 1889. 
Uvod River, reconstruction of bridge over. Superstructure of 
the Parabolic system. Belelubsky, 1884. 

Vichy Bridge, constructed in 1868-70. La Fosse, 1873. 

Victoria Bridges, Returns. Victoria, 1851-61, p. 378. 

Victoria Bridge, MontreaL Handbook. Boxer (F. N.), 1860. 

Construction. Hodges (J.), 1860. 

Cheapest mode of bridging the St. Lawrence at Montreal. 

M^Calmont, 1856. 
Victoria Bridge over Brisbane River. Plans, etc. 

Brisbane, 1893. A ad. 487. 
Vienna. Erection of a bridge over the Danube, near Vienna. 

White (W. Howard), 1874. 



BRIDQES — BRINE PUlfPING. 93 

BRIDGES (Particular) — continued. 

Vienna. ' Carl Bridge. MiTis, 1829. 

Sophia Bridge. MiTis, 1826. 

Walton-on-Thames. Acts for building a bridge across the 
Thames from Walton-on-Thames to Shepperton. 

WALTON-on-THAMES, 1747, '80. 

Walton-on-Trent. Act for building a bridge over the Trent from 
Walton-on-Trent to Barton under Needwood. 

WALTON-upon-Trent, 1833, 

Washington Bridge over the Harlem River, New York. 

HuTTON (W. R.), 1890. 

Wellington Bridge over the River Aire at Leeds. Account of 
the building. Timperley (J)., 1844. 

Westminster Bridge. Acts, 1736, '38, '42. Westminster Bridge. 

Description. Labelye, 1751. 

Methods of laying the foundations. Labelye, 1739. 

Design for the Bridge at New Palace Yard, composed of 

nine arches. Langley, 1736. 

Survey of Westminster Bridge, now sinking into ruin. 

Langley, 1748. 

Westminster Bridge 1758. London Bridge. 

Reports of Select Committee. Minutes of Evidence. 

Correspondence, tenders, Reports, etc. 

Westminster Bridge, 1743-1857. 

Proposed new bridge. Hawksmoor, 1736 ; Gadsdon, 1739. 

Review of schemes. James (J.), 1736. 

Reply to John James's Review of schemes for building this 

bridge. Langley (B.), 1737. 

Scheme for raising £60,000 to build a bridge after the 

manner of that at Thoulouse. 

Westminster Bridge, 1740. Add. 539. 

Present state. Brown (Sir S.), 1836. 

Report. Walker (James), 1837, p. 394. 

Report on the New Westminster Bridge. 

Rendel (J. M.) and Simpson, 1856. 

Yarmouth (Great) Haven Bridge and Navigation Improvement. 
Specification, 1849. Great Yarmouth. 

'RIDGE PIERS. Use of wrought iron and concrete columns for 
the construction of. Dixon (J.), 1875. 

BRINE PUMPING. Compensation for subsidence Bni. Report of 
Select Committee, 1891. Parliamentary. ^.Papers, p. 468. 



94 BRONZE— BUILDIKG,, 

BRONZE. 

Manganese Bronze as a material for Steamship Propellers. 

Anonymous, 1883, p. 50. 

Memoir on the art of gilding bronze. 

Arcet (J. d'), 1818. App. 545. 

Phosphor Bronze Notes. Ruolz-Montchal and Fontenaj, 1878. 

BUILDERS' PRICE BOOKS. Anonymous, 1792, p. 41 ; 

Anonymous, 1825, p. 52 ; Burnell, 1861 ; Laxton (W.), 

1839, &c. ; LocKWOOD (C), 1888, &c. 

Contractor's and Surveyor's Pocket Table Book. 

SOBIBNER (J. M.), 1878. 

Wiirttemberg Building Trade Price Lists. Wurtbmbbbg, 1873. 

BUILDING. 

Bbeymann, 1854-57 ; Huck, 1871 ; Rebolledo, 1875, '89. 
American House Carpenter. Hatpibld, 1868. 

Ancient Lights a^nd evidence of Surveyors thereon. Kerb (R.), 

1868. Law and Science. Cox (H.), 1869. 

Application of acoustics to the construction of Buildings. 

Barrett (W. F.), 1869. 

Architect, Engineer, and Operative Builder's Constructive Manual. 

Davy (C), 1839. 

Art. BRUYisRE, 1823-28 ; Prud'homme (L.), 1870 

Bombay Builder. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Builder. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Builder's Assistant, 1738. Builder's Chest-Book, 1739. Builder's 
and Workman's Treasury of Designs, 1740. Builder's 
Director, 1763. Langley (B.). Builder's Jewel, 1768. 

Langlby (B. and T.). 

Builder's work and Building Trades. Seddon (Col. H. C), 1886. 

Building of houses proof against fire and vermin. Cauty, 1775. 

Building of Town Houses. Edis, 1884. 

Building in or on Water. Chiolich-Lowensbebg, 1864-65. 

Building News and Engineering Journal. 

Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Building World. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Civil Constructions. Devillez, 1878 ; Mcerman, 1876. 

Clerk of the Works. Hoskins, 1878. 

Concrete Buildings. Drake (C), 1874. Add. 497. 

Construction. Burn (R. S.), 1874, 1876 ; Thierry (X.), 1843. 
Notes for Science and Art Department Examinations. 
Anonymous, 1879-91, p. 49. Key to Science and Art 
Department Examinations. Adams (H.), 1894. Add. 479. 
Practical. Allen (J. P.), 1893. Construction of Buildings. 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1862-64. 

Design of Structures. Anglin, S., 1891. 



h. ^ 



BUILDING. 95 

BUILDING— con/inttcf?. 

Designs for Public and Private Buildings. Soanb (J.), 1828. 

Dictionary. Mothes, 1863 ; Pijtak, 1851. 

Elements of Practical Construction. Structures in direct tejisiou 
and compression. Downing, 1875. 

English Gentleman's House. Kerb (R.), 1865. 

Equilibrium of Structures. Warb (G. F.), 1851. 

Erection of dwelling-houses. Brooks (S. H.), 1868. 

Examples of Building Construction. Laxton (H.), 1 857-60. 

Formulas used in construction. Berg (L. de C), 1890-92. 

Foundation of Buildings. Buresch, 1867. 

Furniture, Plate, etc., of Old English Mansions. 

Richardson (C. J.), 1841. 
Graphical determination of forces in engineering structures. 

Chalmers (J. B.), 1881. 

Habitations of Man in all Ages. Viollet le Dug, 1876. 

Immigrant Builder, or hints to handy men. Dwyer, 1872. 

Iron. Building in iron and other metals. Klasen (L.), 1876. 

Designing wrought- and cast-iron structures. 

Adams (H.), 1883. 

Notes on Iron Constructions. Romand (A.), 1842. 

Iron and ii*on constructions. Mehrtens, 1887. 

Iron and Steel Buildings. R^sal (J.), 1892. 

Iron Structures for home and abroad. Young (C. D.), 1870. 

Joints made and used by Builders. Christy (W. J.), 1882. 

Lascelles' System of Concrete House-Building. Lascelles, 1888. 
Law of Building and Engineering Contracts. 

Hudson (A. A.), 1891 ; Lepage, 1847. 
Laws. Anonymous, p. 48. 

Leases and Building Contracts, Law relating to. 

Emden, 1882, 1885. 

Lectures on Building. Storm-Buysing, 1854-57. 

Liverpool. Building Regulations. Goldstraw, 1882. 

London, Act for regulation of Buildings and Party- Walls, and for 

preventing mischiefs by Fire, 1807. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 468. 

Acts regulating the Buildings. Builders' Society, 1856. 

Metropolitan Management and Building Acts (Amendment) 

Act, 1882. Emden. 

- Metropolitan Buildings Act, 1855. 

Laxton (F. W.), 1855; London, p. 254; Piper, 1856. 

Building Acts Amendment Act, 1878. London, p. 254. 

Building Acts Amendment Bill London, 1890, p. 254. 

Improvement, principally about the Court, 1816. 

London, p. 254. 



96 BUILDING; 

BVILDINQ— continued, 

London Metropolitan Improvements, 1816, 1857. 

London, pp. 254, 255. 

Public Offices and Buildings, 1877. London, p. 255. 

Metropolitan Buildings and Management Bill. Report of 

Select Committee, 1874. London, p. 255. 

Select Committee on improving the Metropolis. Reports, 

1836-41. London, p. 254. 

Conmiission for improving the Metropolis. Seven Reports, 

1844-50. London, p. 254. 
Metropolitan Street Improvement, 1877. London, p. 254. 

Building Act, 1894. Craies (W. F.). Add. 494. 

Bill to restrict the height of buildings. 1888. 

London, p. 254. 

Streets and Building Bill, 1894. Report from Select 

Committee on. London. Add. 516. 

Machinery. Hevsingbr von Waldegg, 1877, 1883. Add. 507. 

Master Masons to the Crown of Scotland and their Works. 

Mylne (R. S.), 1893. 

Measurer's Jewel. Langley (B.), 1742. 

Mechanics. Casalonqa, 1874; Tetmajee, 1889; Wenck, 1870. 

Modern Domestic Building Construction. Robson (G.), 1876. 

New and Improved Practical Builder. Nicholson (P.), 1837. 

Notes on Building. Anonymous, 1852. Add. 481 ; 

Anonymous, 1856, p. 49. 

Open Structures. Cases of Instability. Sang (E.), 1887. 

Origin of Building. Wood (John), 1741. 

Patent Method of constructing Buildings and Walls. 

Hitch, 1828. 
Plant for transporting materials for the erection of high buildings. 

Proell, and Scharowsky, 1885. 
Portable Buildings. Bielefeld, 1853. 

Practical Guides. Nicholson (J.), 1830 ; Pernot (L. J.), 1868. 
Proper regulation of buildings in towns. Hosking, 1848. 

Public Buildings. Acoustics of. Smith (Thomas R.), 1861. 

Index to Reports, 1807-33. Estimates, 1845. Reports of 

the Public Works Loan Board, 1876. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 498. 
Public Offices Accommodation Commission. Trevelyan, 1867. 
Rudiments of the Art of Building. Dobson, 1877. 

Science of Building. A treatise on the principles of Construction. 

Tarn (E. W.), 1870, '82. 

Shoring and its application. Blagrove, 1887. 

Shoring and Underpinning and generally dealing with ruinous 

and dangerous structures. Stock (C. H.), 1882. 



BUILDING — BUILDINGS. S7 

BUILDING— continued. 

Specifications of Works, with rules, formulas, and tables. 

Lall (K.), 1886. 
Stability and Statics. Muller-Breslau, 1886. 

Stability of Constructions. Theory. Scheffler (H.), 1864. 

Staircases and Hand-rails. Nicholson (P.), 1835. 

Statistics. Elb, 1882. 

Structures in an Earthquake Country. 

Perry (Prof. J.) and Ayrton (W. E.), 1878. 

Supervision of Private Building by public authority. 

Ellice-Ci^ark, 1883. 
Theory and Practice of Modem Framed Structures. 

Johnson (J. B.), Bryan and Tumeaure, 1893. 

Theory of framed structures. Mohr (O.), 1885. 

Theory of Structures. Bovey, 1893. 

Timber Houses of the 15th and 16th Centuries, Bouen, Caen, 

Beauvais, Gisors, Abbeville, Strasbourg. 

Pu.GiN (A, W.), 1836.' 
Timber Importer's and Builder's Standard Guide, Grand y, 1865. 
Trade (Building) Construction, etc. Notes. 

Seddon (Col. H. C), 1873. 
Transverse strains and its application in the construction of 

buildings. Hatfield, 1877. 

BUILDING MATERIALS. Pardo, 1885, '91 ; Thomason avil 
Eiigineering ColL, 1862; Wiebe (F. K. H.), 1858. Cate- 
chi^. Hauenschild and Olschewski. 1879-80. Chemistry. 

Abney, 1888. 
Decay and preservation of Building Materials. 

Ansted, D. T., 1860, 
Lectures. Denny, 1868-78 ; Dent, 1887. 

Otago and South New Zealand. Blair (W. N.), 1879. 

Physics and Chemistry. Gottgetreu, 1880. 

Technology of Building materials employed in the art of 
building. Chateau, 1863-66. 

United States Building Materials. Stevenson (D.), 1841. 

Wood : its use as a constructive material. Stevenson (W.), 1894. 
See aho Materials of Construction ; Strength of Materials. 

BUILDING SOCIETIES. 

Benefit Building Societies. Treatise. Stone (W.), 1851. 
Instructions for the establishment of. Anonymous, 1838. 

BUILDINGS (Particular). 

Antwerp. Tower of the Church of Notre Dame. Serrure, 1840. 
Beauvais Cathedral. History and description. Gilbert, 1829. 
Belgium and France. Iron construction of building above ground. 

CouTAO, 1889. 

VOL. I. O 



98 BUILDINGS, 

BUILDINGS (Particular) — continued, 

Bristol Cathedral. History. Levers age, 1853. 

Cambridge Com Exchange. Report of proceedings on the 
iM3casion of laying the foundation stone. 

Cambridge, 1874. Add. 490. 
Cape Colony. Heport of the Chief Inspector for 1864. 

Cape Colony, p. 220. 
Christchurch, N.Z. Government Buildings. 

Christchurch, N.Z., 1875. 
Cooch B^har Palace. Detailed drawings, 1882. India, p. 117. 

Crystal Palace. Evidence before the Court of Inquiry. Fuller, 
(F.), 1875. Restoration of prosperity and utility. Fuller 

(F.), 1875. 
Drexel Building, 1888. Philadelphia, p. 33. 

Edinburgh. Reports as to who was the architect of Heriot's 
Hospital. Ritchie (R.), 1855-56. 

Regent's Bridge and new gaol, laying foundation stones. 

Edinburgh, 1815. 

Ely Cathedral. Millers, 1834. 

England. Plans, Elevations and Sections of Buildings executed 

in Norfolk, Suffolk, Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, 

Herts, etc. Soanb (J.), 1788. 

Public Buildings in the West of England. Poulston, 1838. 

Genoa, II Palazzo di San Giorgio, demolition or preservation. 

Genoa, 1889. 
Germany. Germany, 1851, '55. 

Mainz, Speier, Worms Cathedrals. 

Meyeb-Schwartau, 1893. Add. 520. 
India. Lahore Central Jail. Lall (K)., 1868. 

New Telegraph Office for Lahore. Lall (K.), 1881. 

Proposed Medical School for Lahore. Lall (K.), 1878. 

Lawrence and Montgomery Halls, India. Lall (K.), 1877. 

Mayo Schools of Art at Lahore. Lall (K.), 1883. 

New Jail at Montgomery. Lall (K.), 1875. 

Nizamut Palace of Moorshedabad. India, p. 126. 

Old Public Buildings of Mahomedan Architecture at Beeja- 

poor, 1857. India, p. 130. 

Public Office Buildings and Clerks' Cottages at Simla, 1889. 

India, p. 131. 
Liverpool. St. George's Hall. Eawlinson, 1871. 

London. Critical Observations on the buildings and improvements 
of London, 1771. London, p. 254. 

Metropolitan Improvements, or London in the 19th Century. 

Shepherd (T. H.), 1827. 

I Public ^foldings of London. PuoiN and Britton, 1838. 

— : — Public offices and Metropolitan Improvements. 

Hope (A. J. B. B), 1857. 



BUILDINGS 96 

BUILDINGS (Pabticular) — continued, 

London. Albert Hall. Opening proceedings. Albert Hall, 1871. 

• British Museum Reading Room. Hoskino, 1858. 

Law Courts, Block Plans. Street (G. E.), 1869. 

Newgate. Rebuilding the gaol, 1767. London BridgQ. 

- Royal Exchange, Angell (S.), 1838. Repairing, 1767. 

London Bridge. Rebuiloing. Hopper, 1839. Descrip- 
tion. Wilson (Effingham), 1844. 

Royal Mint, working and operations. 

Anonymous, 1870, p. 59. 

■ Royal Palace and Street (Proposed). 

Trench (Sir F. W.), 1846. 

St. George's Cathedral, Southwark. Description. 

St. George's Cathedral, 1851. 

St. Paul's Cathedral. History. Duqdalb, 1716. 

Westminster. Collegiate Chapel of St. Stephen, West- 
minster. Architectural Antiquities. Mackenzie, 1844. 

Government Offices. Remarks on designs proposed for, 

especially on those for the block plans and the approaches 
to the New Palace at Westminster. 

Westminster Palace, 1857. 

Houses of Parliament. Who was the Art Architect ? 

PuGiN (E. W.), 1867 ; Barry (A.), 1868. Rebuilding. 
Hopper (T.), 1837. Drainage. Shone (I.), 1887. 

Site of the contemplated Houses of Parliament. 

Anonymous, 1835, p. 50. 

■ House of Commons Accommodation Report. 

Commons (House of), 1894. Add. 493. 



^— Westminster Abbey Gleanings. Soott (G. G.), 1861. 

Westminster Hall Restoration. Report of select committee 

on. Westminster Hall, 1885i. 

■ Westminster Palace. Brayley and Britton, 1836. Report 
of the decay of the stone of. Westminster Palace, 1861. 

Palace at Westminster. Who was the Art Architect ? 

Barry (Rev. A.), 1868. 

' Mechanical scaffolding used at. Barry (C), jun. 

New Law Courts and National Gallery competitions. 

Barry and Street. Barry (E. M.) 1872. 

— Whitehall. Admiralty Buildings Extension. Letter from 

the R. Inst, of B. A. against the scheme. 

Royal Inst, of British Architects, 1880, p. 140. 

Site of the new Admiralty and War Offices, Whitehall. 

Robins (E. C), 1886. 

Middleham, Documents relating to the Church of. 

Atthill, 1847. 

Milan. Church of San Lorenzo. Kohte, 1890. 



J 00 BUIia>INGS — BUTTER. 

BUILDINGS {TABncuLABy^-cafUinued. 

New York CApitoL Report of Commissioners, 1869-70. 

New Yobk State, p. 406. 
Paris. Fortes coch^res and entrance gates. Kbafft, 1810. 

Philadelphia. Philadelphia, pp. 33-4. Public Ledger Building. 

Childs (G. W.), 1868. 
Rome. Office of the Ministry of Finance. Canevabi, 1875. 

Barberini Palace. Tetius, 1642. 

Roman Villas of the Augustan Age. Moule, 1833. 

Russian Magazines, Storehouses^ etc. Atlas of designs of. 

Russia. Add. 532. 
Salisbury Cathedral. Pbicb (F.), 1755. 

Scotland, Churches in the Highlands of. Acts for building 
additional ones and report of the Commissioners. 

Scotland, 1823, 1824, 1825-35, p. 174. 

Serapis, Temple of, at Pozzuoli, near Naples. 

Babbage (C), 1847. 
Singapore, New Government House. Designs. Sinoapobe, 1868. 

Spalatro. Ruins of the palace of the Emperor Diocletian. 

Adam (Robert), [1764]. 
Sydney. New Central Police Court, Report on. 

Sydney, 1888, p. 272. 
■ Proposed Hospital Buildings, Macquarie Street. Report, 

Plans, etc. Sydney, 1891, p. 272. 

Victoria. Public Buildings. Amounts expended on them. 

ViCTOBiA, 1851-2, p. 377. 
Wells Cathedral history. Bbitton, 1847. 

Woolwich. Royal Engineers' Establishment on the opening of 
the new Lecture theatre. Simmons (Col.), 1861. 

Wurtemberg. Palaces and Country Seats. Leins, 1889. 

See aho Abchitectubk 

BUOYS. See Beacons, Buoys, etc. 

BURIALS. 

Inquiry into the practice of Interments in Towns, 1843. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 521. 

London Metropolitan Interment Act. Reports of preliminary 
proceedings, 1851. London, p. 255. 

Metropolitan Burials Act. Returns, 1852. London, p. 255. 

Revolting practices in St. Giles's Cemetery. 

London, p. 255. 

Reports on interment in towns, 1843, '53. Report on extramural 
sepulture, 1850. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 468. 

BUTTER. 

Artificial Butter Manufacture. MoTT, 1876. 

Butter and Cheese. Bevan (G. P.), Industries^ vol. 12. 






« • 

• ! • • • : 

^ • • • 



GABIKBT MAKING — CALCULATING MACHINES. 101 



c. 

CABINET MAKING, practical. Anonymous, 1826, p. 52, 

CABLES. 

HaUidie system. Hallidib, 1882. 

Patent Iron.. Bbown (Sir S.), 1816. 

See also Chain Cables, Telegbaph Cables. 

CABS, London. The " course " system. Haddan (J. L.), (1878 T). 

CAISSONS. Introduction of the patent Metallic Caisson, in forming 
piers, harbours, etc. Deeble, 1827. 

CAISSONS (Ship) for dock basins and dry docks. 

Andbews (J. J. F.), 1891 . 
See aUo Coffbbdams. 

CALCULATING MACHINES. Favabo, 1876. 

Abacus or Counter by Lalanne. Olivieb (J.), 1846« 

Adding up Counter with two rollers and with differential move- 
ment. Baffabd, 1889. 

Graphic calculation. Favabo, 1872. 

Instrument for performing mechanically the Involution and 
Evolution of numbers. Description. 

RoQET (P. M.), 1815. App. 574. 

Machine for calculating the products, quotients, logarithms, and 
powers of numbers. Moselet, 1847. 

Machine for finding the numerical roots of Equations. 

Bashfobth, 1845, 1892. 

Tables calculated and printed by machinery. 

ScHEUTZ (G. and E.), 1857. 

Theory of continuous Calculating Machines. Hele-Shaw, 1885. 

Babbage's calculating engines. 

Babbage (C), 1843 ; Babbagb (H. P.), 1889. 

Babbage's Analytical Engine. Mechanical arrangements. 

Babbage (H. P.), 1888. 

Edmondson's Circular Calculating Machine. Instructions for use. 

Edmondson, 1885. 

Swedish Tabulating Machine. Scheutz (G.), 1856. 

Thomas' Calculating Machine. 

Reuleaux, 1892 ; Fbancoeub (L. B.), 1822. App. 557. 

Thomas de Colmar's Calculating Machine, called Arithmometer. 

HoTAU, 1822. App. 562. 



l02 CALENDAR— CANALS. 

CALCULATION. Intuitive Calculations. G'Gobman, 1879. 

CALENDAR. See Chronology. 

CALICO-PRINTING. Crace-Calvert, 1876. 

Practice and Principles of Calico Printing, Bleaching, Dyeing, <&c. 

Oliver, 1870. 

CANALS (General References). Aitken (R.), 1871-72 ; Anony- 
mous, p. 42; BoiLEAU (P.), 1878, 1881; Dupin, 1831; 
GiRARD (P.S.), 1804, 1820, 1824; the article " Canal" from 
Rees's Encyclopaedia. Anonymous, 1819, p. 41. Letter on 
Canals. Aj^onymous, 1825, p. 48. Navigalsle Canal. Frisi, 
1818 ; Gerstner, 1827 ; Huerne ds Pommeuse, 1822 ; 
James (E. J.),. 1890; Lecchi, 1824. Papers relating to 
Canals. Page (Col. P.), 1843. Add. 525. Treatises. Sut- 
CLiPPE (J.), 1816 ; Vernon-Harcourt (L. F.), 1882. Article 
in Chambers's Encyclopaedia. Vernon-Hahcourt (L. F.), 
1888 ; Inland Navigation. Wheeler (W. H.), 1889. 

Banks (Canal), Consolidation. Schlichting (3*.), 1892 ; 

Sleijdbn (P. W. van der), 1892. 

Canal Association. Canal Assoc., 1855-75. 

Charges. Bill for revision, 1888. Board of Trade Rules, 1888. 
Return for Draft Rules, 1888. Railway and Canal Com- 
mission Rules, 1889. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 505-6. 

Committee (Select) on Canals, Report, 1883. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

Construction. Standard Construction for Canals. 

Yates (J. A.), 1886. 

Construction of Navigable Canals. Ducrest, 1809. 

Cuttings and Embankments. Tables for calculating the cubic 
quantity of Earthwork. Macneill, 1833. 

Digest of the Opinion of Parliament on the Powers and Manage- 
ment of Canals. Grahame (J.), 1886. 

District Canals. Construction and Management. 

Grey (L. J. H.), 1885. 

Duke of Bridgewater's Inland Navigations. 

Anonymous, 1766-69, p. 47. 

Economic relation to Transportation. Haupt (L. M.), 1890. 

Engineering (Canal) : its past, present, and future. 

Vernon-Harcourt (L. F.), 1888. 

Equipment, modem, of canals and harbours. Schemfil, 1882. 

Formula for mean velocity of discharge of Canals. 

Kutter, 1873, 76. 
Free canals essential to the State's prosperity. 

Richmond (A.), 1S7S. 



CANALS. 103 

4 

CAKALS (General Bsfebences)— con/tnuec?. 

History. Anonymous, 1835, p. 41. 

How to make state canals without borrowing. 

Prinsbp (E. a.), ] 870. 
Importance and utility. - Whitworth (R.), 1773-4. 

Improvement of Canal Navigation. Pulton (R.), 1796. 

Inundation Canals. Bellasis, 1873. 

Law relating to Canals. Webster (R. G.), 1885. Law relating 

to rates and traffic. Butter worth and Ellis, 1889. 

Laying out of. Baudson, 1884. 

Locks of Canals. Anonymous, p. 49. 

Maps of English Canals. Anonymous, p. 41. 

Means of passing the falls of canals. Gruson and Barbet, 1889. 

Method of conveying boats or barges from a higher level to a 

lower, and vice versd^ by the immersion of a plunger or 

plungers. Hudleston (L.), 1801. 

Methods employed in Italy for rendering canals water-tight. 

BoMPiANi and Luiggi, 1892. 

Modes of setting out the curved portions of canals. 

Lall (K.), 1854. 
Navigation Canals. Hagen (G.), 1863. 

Normal profiles. Holtz, 1886. 

Flan for passing declivities on Canals with little expenditure of 
water. Grahame (T.), 1836. 

Practical results of experiments on Canal Navigation. 

Ellis (R.), 1835. 

Railways and Canals. Bills for regulation of Railway and Canal 
Traffic, 1886, '87. Amended 1888. Act 1888 amending 
Acts, 1892, '94. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 504. 

Canals destroyed by the Railway Companies. 

Spence (E.), 1882. 

Comparative merit of. Anonymous, 1832, p. 48. 

Compared with Railways. Anonymous, 1825, p. 54. 

Comparative performances of motive power on Canals and 

Railroads. Grahame (T.), 1831. 

Conveyance upon, compared with that of Railways. 

Anonymous, 1831, p. 43. 

Railway and Canal Combination. Grahame (T.), 1852. 

Railway and Canal Commission, Butter worth, 1889. 

Railway and Canal Traffic Bill. Railway and Canal 

Traders' Association, 1888. Traffic Act, 1888. 
Hunter (W. A.), 1889. Rules, 1888. Returns to 
Board of Trade, 1890, &c. Return of Owners, 1892. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

- Report on Railway, Canal, Tramway, Gas and Water Bills, 

1854, &c. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 504. 



104 CANALS. 

CANALS (General References) — continued. 

Bailways and Canals. Reports of the Railway and Canal Com- 
mission, 1890, &c. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 500. 

' Reports of Select Committee on Railways and Canals Amal- 

gamation, 1846. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 501. 

- Respective uses of Water-ways and Railroads. 

Fleury, 1892 ; Pbschbck, 1892. 

Rates, Tolls and Charges Confirmation Bills, Nos. 1-12. Return 
giving names of the Railway and Canal Companies comprised 
in. Parliamentary. .Papers, 1894. Add. 526. Provi- 
sional Order Bills. Report from joint Committee of the 
House of Lords and House of Commons, 1893. Parlia- 
mentary .. Papers, p. 469. Report from the Joint Select 
Committee on. Parliamentary .. Papers, 1894. Add. 525. 

Resistance of Water to the passage of boats upon Canals. 

Macneill, 1833. 
Rules for Calculating the Velocity and discharge of Open Canals. 

Lall (K.), 1858. 
State of the Canals (France). Becquey, 1823. 

Statistics. Salt (S.), 1845. 

Tables, Canal and Culvert. Jackson (L. d'A.), 1878. 

Tables for setting out Half-widths. Olver, 1870. 

Transport. Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Transportation. Respective uses of Waterways and Railways. 

SCHROMM (A), 188C. 
Various systems of Canal Navigation. 

Chapman (W.), 1797, p. 241. 
Works connected with navigation. Minard, 1841. 

See also Inland Navigation. 

CANALS (Particular). 

Aberdare Canal Act, 1793. Aberdare Canal. 

Aberdeenshire Canal Acts, 1796, 1809. Aberdeenshire. 

Agra Canal. Papers, 1867-71. Atlas of Plans, 1884. 

India, p. 109. 
Aire and Calder Navigation. Barnsley Canal, 1871. 

America (North). Langb (F.), 1885. 

United States. Purdy, 1880. 

Canal Enlargement between Lake Erie and Montreal. 

Page (J.), 1877. 

Description of Canals. Tanner (H. S.), 1840. 

Proposed Tide Level Canal from the Gulf of Uraba to that 

of St. Michel. Gogorza, 1888. 

- Waterway between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Sea- 

board. Corthell, 1891. 

United States and Canada. Notes on canals in. 

Walch (G. T.), 1877. 



CANALS. 105 

CANALS (Paeticulab) — continued, 

Antwerp to the Rhine. Gobert, 1888. 

Apedale to Newcastle-under-Lyme. Act for Canal. 

Apedale Canal, 1775. 
Aragon and Real de Tauste Canals. Description. 

Sastago (Count De), 1796. 

Ardennes Canal. Memoir. Sartoris (U.), 1821. Ardennes and 

Due d'Angouleme canals. Ordonnance. 

Sartobis (U.), 1823. 
Arun to Chichester Harbour, Navigable Canal from the River, 

and from thence to Langstone and Portsmouth Harbour. Act. 

Portsmouth and Arundel, 1817. Act for further powers. 

Portsmouth and Arundel, 1819. 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch Canal Act. Ashby-de-la-Zough, 1794. 

Aube, Departement de T, Canaux de submersion. Bouppet, 1889. 
Austria. Voyage k Vienne. Gobert, 1886. 

Babylonia. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1886. 

Baie Verte Canal. Profiles of the several lines surveyed for a 

canal to connect the Bay of Fundy with the Northumberland 

Straits. * Keeper (S.), 1873. Baie Verte and Welland. 

Keeper (S.), 1875. 
Baltic Canal. Beseke, 1893. Map. Jahn, 1886. 

Baree Doab Canal, 1868-69. India, p. 110. 

Barnsley Canal Navigation Act. 

Barnsley Canal, 1793, 1808, 1871. 
Basingstoke, Canal from, to communicate with the River Wey. 

Basingstoke Canal, 1778. 
Batavia, Harbour at Tandjong Priok. Batavia, 1876. 

Bath and Bristol Canal. Act and Prospectus. Bath, 1811. 

Belgium. Stoppages on Canals and Canalized Rivers in Belgium. 

Mailliet, 1892. Water supply. Leboucq, 1892. 

Belgium and part of France, history and statistics. 

La Rive, 1835. 
Bengal. Canal between Ooltadanagh and Dhappa, 1854. 

India, p. 110. 
Midnapore Canal. Kimber, 1876. 

Berlin. Hobrecht, 1884. 

Betwa Canal project in the North- West Provinces, 1887. 

India, p. 111. 
Bigaree Canal, enlargement of. India, p. 111. 

Birmingham and Bilston Canal Act, 1768. Birmingham & B. C. 
Birmingham and Fazeley Canal Act, 1827. Birmingham & F. C. 

Birmingham Canal Acts, 1768-1818, 1835, 1839. 

Birmingham Canal. 
Bologna. Bologna, 1825. 

Borrowstowness Canal, Amended Act, 1783. 

Borrowstowness. 

vol. i. p 



106 dANALS. 

CANALS (Particular) — continued. 

Bossuyt to Courtray. Bossuyt, 1838. 

Bourgogne Canal. Perrouet, 1788. Electric towing in the 

tunnel of Pouilly. Bourgogne, 1892. 

Bradford Canal and Leeds and Liverpool Canal Company. 

Bradford Canal, 1867. 

Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal Acts. 

Brecknock, 1793, 1804. 

Bridgewater Canal Extension Act, 1795. Bridgewater Canal. 

Walkden Moor underground inclined plane. 

Egerton (F. G.), 1812. 

Bristol Canal. Utility of a Canal irom Bristol to Bath. 

Bristol Canal, 1795. 
Brussels and Charleroi, communication between. 

Barthi^lemy (A. J.), 1817. 
Buckingham Canal, 1886. India, p. 113. 

Burton and Fradley Canal Bill, 1794. Burton. 

Caistor Canal Act for making a navigable Canal from the river 
Ancholme to Caistor. Caistor, 1793. 

Calcutta Eastern Canals. India, 1883, p. 99. 

Caledonian Canal, Act for construction, 1804. Caledonian 
Canal, 1804. Information relating to. Stevenson (R.). 
1817. Letter from Mr. Munro. Caledonian Canal, 1840. 

Management of the waters. Flachat, 1828. 

Sir W. E. Parry's Report. Caledonian Canal, 1842. 

Sketches and Estimates of machinery used in construc- 
tion. Telford (T.), 1817, p. 288. Reports of the 
Commissioners. Caledonian Canal, 1804, etc. Report 
of the Committee of the House of Commons. Cale- 
donian Canal, 1805. Walker's Report. Caledonian 
Canal, 1838. Report of Select Committee. Caledonian 
Canal, 1839. Report on the damage to the works 
caused by the floods of Jan. 24 and 25, 1849. Walker 

(James), p. 394. 

Cambridge Canal. Arguments for and against the intended 
Canal from Cambridge to the river Stort. 

Cambridge C, 1788. 
Canada. Keeper (T. C), 1894. 

History and Cost. Kingspord, 1865. 

Statistics for 1877. Canada, p. 216. 

Report of chief engineer, 1880. Canada, p. 216. 

' Reports of the Minister for Railways and Canals. 

Canada, 1S82, etc., p. 218. 

Welland Canal Enlargement. Reports. 

Welland Canal, 1872, 73. 



CANALSr 107 

CANALS (Particular) — continued, 

Carlisle to Fisher's Folly, Canal from. 

Chapman (W.), 1823, p. 241. 

Carlisle to the Sea, means of obtaining a safe and commodious 
communication from. Chapman (W.), 1807, p. 242. 

Carlisle and Solway Firth, proposed navigation between. Chap- 
man (W.), 1818, p. 243. Carlisle Canal. Carlisle Canal, 

1819. 

Castle Orchards, Sheffield to the River Dee below Tinsley, pro- 
posed Canal from. Chapman (W.), 1814, p. 243. 

Central Union Canal to unite the Birmingham, Warwick, and 
Birmingham, Coventry and Oxford Canals. 

CuBiTT (Sir W.), 1832. 

Charleroi. Charleroi, 1839. 

Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. Gilpin (J.), 1821. Report of 

Company. Chesapeake, 1825. 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Report. Chesapeake, 1874. Canal 
to connect the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal with Baltimore. 

Abert (J. J.), 1874. 

Chester Canal Acts, 1777. Chester Canal. 

China. Canals and inclined planes. 

Chapman (W.), 1797, p. 241. 

Costa Rica. Survey for Canal through the River Sapoa to the 
port of Salinas or Bulanos. Oersted, 1851. 

Coventry Canal to Coal Mines of Measham, Oakthorp, Domsthorp, 
and Ashby-Woulds. Plan of the intended navigable canal 
from. Whitworth (R.), 1871. 

Coventry to Oxford. Acts, 1769, 1774, Amending Act, 1819. 

Coventry Canal. 

Crinan. Act for payment of money for completing the Canal, 
1816. Crinan Canal. Reports from the Select Committee. 

Caledonian Canal, 1839. 

Cromford Canal. Act for making and maintaining, 1789. 
Amending Act, 1790. Cromford. 

Croydon Canal. Act for making and maintaining a Navigable 
Canal from Croydon into the Grand Surrey Canal, 1801. 
Acts for completion, 1808, 1811. Croydon Canal. Plan. 

Grantham (J.), 1811. 

Croydon and Portsmouth, Canal proposed between. 

Rennib (J.), 1803. 

Croydon, Navigation from, to the Thames at Rotherhithe. 

Dodd, 1799. 

Cumberland Canal (Proposed). Report. 

Telford (T.), 1808, p. 287. 

Delaware, near Easton. Canal to unite the River with the 
Passaic, near Newark. Delaware Canal, 1823. 



108 CANALd* 

CANALS (Pabticulab)— con/inttcd. 

Berwent, at East Collingwith. Navigable Canal from the River, 
to Pocklington, Torks. Act for making. 

FoGKLiNGTON Canal, 1815. 

Doab Canal. Sketches of Works. Doab Canal, 1832>38. 

and Deyra Doon watercourses. 

Thomasox Civil Engineering Coll., 1853-4. 

Don and the Volga, Canal between the. Dbu, 1886. 

X>onau-Oder Canal. Pontzbn, 1872. 

Dorset and Somerset Canal Act, 1803. Dobset. 

Dudley Canal Acts, 1776, 1785, 1793, 1796. Dudley Canal. 

Dun Navigation Cut. Canal from the River in the township of 
Swinton to Barnsley. Act, 1793. Drabne. 

Eagle Hawk Neck, Canal through. Eagle Hawk Neck, 1890. 

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal (proposed). Baibd (H.), 
1813. Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal Acts, 1817, 
1819. Edinbubgh and Glasgow. Correspondence, Report, 
etc. Edinbubgh and Glasgow, 1814, '17, '26. To form a 
juncture with the Forth and Clyde Canal at Lock No. 20, and 
also with the port of Leith and the Broomielaw at Glasgow. 
Report. Stevenson (R.), 1817. Edinburgh and Glasgow, 
Mineral Survey along the track. Bald (R.), 1814. Edin- 
burgh and Glasgow Union Canal, Report on. Telfobd (T.), 
1817, p. 287. Answers to the report. Cheyne (A.), 1829. 

Egypt (Lower), Irrigation Canal. Jones (Helsham), 1882. 

Sweet- Water Canal through Egypt. 

Fowleb (Sir J.) and Baker, 1884. 

EUesmere Canal Acts, 1793, 1796, 1801, 1802, 1804, 1810, 

Report 1805. Ellesmebe Canal. Act for uniting the EUes- 
mere and Chester Canals, 1813. Ellesmebe Canal. 

England. National Canal between the four Rivers a national 
necessity. Lloyd (S.), 1888, '89. 

Enniscorthy to Ballinaslany. Bill for making a canal from. 

Slaney (River), 1833. 

Erie Canal. Methods of Traction. Bogabt, 1892. 

Erie and Champlain Canals, Ebie Canal, 1825. Laws, Reporta^ 

etc. New Yobk State, 1825. Canals to connect the western 

and northern Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. New Yobk 

State, 1821. Tolls, Trade and Tonnage of the Canals, 

1851-75. New Yobk State. 
Essex. Act for making a canal in the County of. 

RoMFOBD Canal, 1875. 
Exeter Canal from 1563 to 1724, and 1819 to 1830. 

Delagabde, 1845. 
Flint. Act for the construction of the Flint Canal, 1778. 

Flint Canal. 



CANALS. 109 

CANALS (Pabticulab) — continued. 

Fort St. Phillip Canal. Fobt St. Phillip, 1874, 

Forth and the Clyde, intended navigation between the. Gbat (J.), 
1768. Report on its practicability. Smeatok (J.), 1768, 
p. 208. Act for forming a junction between the Forth and 
Clyde Navigation and the Monkland Navigation, 1790. 
MoNKLAKD Navigation. Forth and Clyde Canal Acts, 1787, 
1790, 1799, 1806, 14, '20. Fobth and Clyde Canal. Rules 
and Regulations, 1820. Fobth and Clyde Canal. Tables 
of Tolls, 1821, '22. Fobth and Clyde Canal. Navigation. 
Fobth and Clyde Canal, 1814, 1816. Rules and regulations 
for Trawlers. Finlay, 1820-22. 

Forth and Clyde and Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canals, 

Ellis (R.), 1835. 

Foss Canal. Junction of the Rivers Foss and Ouse Acts, 1793, 
1801. Foss Canal. 

France, 1872-74. FbaIncb, p. 440 ; Gcevby, 1806-7. 

French Canals. Say (J. B.), 1818 ; 

Watson (WiUiam), Ph.D., of Boston, 1892. 

Navigable Canals. Feb de la Noubbbe, 1786. 

Canal Banks. Reslin, 1892. 

1 Influence on industrial prosperity. Pillet-Will, 1837. 

Reflections on the Yvette scheme. 

Feb de la Noubbbe, 1786. 

Stoppages on Canals and Canalised Rivers. Captieb, 1892. 

- Stoppages on Navigable Ways (Central Region). 

Mazoybb, 1892. 
Traction on Canals. North and East. Debome, 1892. 

Water Supply of Canals east of France. Denys, 1892. 

French canals, particularly the Canal du Centre. 

Gauthey, 1816. 

Canals of Orleans, of Briare and of Loing. Maps, 1739. 

Obli^ans. 

Navigable Canals for Picardy, Artois, and the whole of 

France. Linguet, 1769. 

France (North). Consolidation of the Canal Banks. 

Pbslin, 1892. 

Franzens Canal, Budapest. Heincz, 1886. 

Ganges Canal. Cautley, 1860, 1863, 1864; Gloveb (T. G.), 
1867 j Smith (Col. B.), 1870. Album of Views, 1885. 
India, p. 118. Account of the Canal, 1853. India, p. 118« 
Description. Login, 1857, '67. Estimates, revenue reports, 
etc., 1845, '50, '56. Indla., p. 118. Instructions for the 
Executive Officers, 1847. India, p. 118. Projection and 
present state, and measures required to make it useful and 



ll(y CANALS. 

CANALS (Fabticulab) — continued. 

profitable. Cotton (Sir A.) "and Cautley, 1864, '65. Reports, 
1845, '65, '66, '67. India, p. 118. Reports on remodelling 
the Canal, 1864-67. India, p. 118. Lower Ganges Canal, 

1871-77. India, p. 118. 

Germany. Stoppages on Canals and Canalised Rivers. 

Gebmelmann, 1892. 

Management. Bellingbath, 1879 ; Klett, 1881. 

Glamorganshire Canal Dock Bill, 1878. Glamobganshibe Canal. 

Glasgow to the West Coast of Ayr. Suggestions relative to CanaL 

Tblpobd (T.), 1804, p. 288 ; Telfobd (T.), 1805, p. 287. 

Glasgow, Paisley, and Ardrossan Canal Act, 1806, and Amended 
Acii 1827. Glasgow. 

Gloucester cind Berkeley Canal. Clegbam (W. B.), 1863. Acts 
1793, 1797, 1805, 1818. Gloucesteb. Bill for consoli- 
dating shares of the Proprietors, 1832. Gloucesteb. 
Minutes on Canal Bill, 1874. Gloucesteb. Observations. 

Upton (J.), 1815. 

Gloucestershire. Canal at the foot of Coombe Hill, to join the 
River Severn at. Coombe Hill Canal, 1792. 

Gotha Canal, Sweden. Method of construction. Platen, 1822. 

Grand Canal. Defence of the Court of Directors. 

Smith (Sir WiUiam C), 1815. 

Grand Commercial Canal (proposed), having for its object the 
union of ,the Peak forest, Shef&eld, Chesterfield and Crom- 
ford Canals. Haslehubst, 1824. 

Grand Junction Canal. Acts 1793, 1794, 1795, 1801, 1803, 1805, 
1812, 1818. Gband Junction. Classification of Merchandise 
Traffic, 1893. Gband Junction. Tonnage Rates and draw- 
backs, 1836. Gband Junction. Proposed London and 
Birmingham Canal. Gband Junction, 1836. Reports, 
1804, '5, '10, '11. Gband Junction. Branch Canal to 
Slough Bill, 1879. Gband Junction. Unequal charges 

for the tonnage of coals. Dubell, 1845. 

Grand Southern Canal, proposed navigable canal between, and 
Merstham. Banks (E.), 1810. 

Grand Surrey Canal. Acts 1807, '8, '11. Gband Surrey Canal. 
Act for a cut communicating with Rotherhithe, 1811. 

Gband Surrey Canal. 

Grand Union Canal. Act 1810. Gband Union. 

Grand Victorian North Western Canal Company. Prospectus. 

Gband Victorian. 

Grantham Canal. Acts 1793, '97. Gbantham Canal. 

Grantham and Sleaford, Junction Canal between. Description of 

a plan. Rofe, J., and Son, 1833. 

Great Britain. Lepeldt, 1872. 



CANALS. Ill 

CANALS (Particulab) — continued. 

Great Britain. Canal Navigation. Hibbabd, 1793; Priestley 
(J.), 1831. In relation to British Trade and Government 
control. Anonymous, 1885, p. 41. 

Map of England. Bradshaw (G.), 1820. 

Navigable canals throughout. Plans. Gary, 1795. 

Great Western Canal. Acts 1796, 1811. Grand Western. 
Act to alter and increase the rates of Tonnage, 1812. 

Grand Western. 

Greece. Corinth Canal Society. Regulations for Navigation. 

Corinth, 1893. 

Hants and Berks Canal. Proposed navigable canal from the 
Kennet, at Midgham, to join the Basingstoke Canal. 

Hants, 1825. 

Harborough and Stamford Canal projected. Fox (J. J.), 1811. 

Haslingden. Act 1874. Haslingden Canal. 

Havre to Tancarville Canal. Widmer (Maurice), 1887. 

Heilbronn. ' Canalisation. Gordon (J.), 1876. 

Hereford and Gloucester Canal. Acts 1791, 1793. Hereford. 

Hexham to Haydon Bridge. Report and observations, and from 
Newcastle to Hay don Bridge. Sutclippb (J.), 1797. 

Holland. Holland, p. 65. 

Great North Holland Canal. Jackson (G. B. W.), 1846. 

North Sea Canal of Holland. Barnard (J. G.), 1872. 

Huddersfield Canal. Acts. 

Hudderspibld, 1794, 1800; Pontey, 1810. 

Hull. Canal fr(»n the River, to Leven Bridge. Amended Act, 

1805. Hull (River). 

Hyderabad Canal. Clearances, 1856-59. India, p. 120. 

Illinois and Mississippi Canal. Proposed waterway from Lake 
Michigan to the Mississippi. 

Henderson (T. J.), 1893. Add. 507. 

India. Murray (A. G.), 1877. Grants of Water power from 
Canals. India, 1882, p. 99. Number of miles of navigable 
canals. India, 1859, p. 107. Traffic. Login, 1866, '67, '69. 

Coast Canal locks. India, 1882, p. 99. 

Collection of Canal Revenue. India, 1861, p. 99. 

Slope Tables, 1851. India, p. 99. 

Ireland. Canal Extension. Dawson (J.), 1819. 

Advantages of bringing the Grand Canal round by the 

circular road into the River Liffey. 

Chapman (W.), 1785, p. 241. 

Grand Canal. Plan for making the Philiptown level the 

summit level, by lowering the present summit 16 feet. 



Ii2 CANALS. 

CANALS (Paeticular) — continued. 

KiLLALLY, 1808. Report of Directors. Grand Canal 
1816. Speech in the House, on moving for a Select 
Committee on the subject. Tullamore (Lord), 1830. 
Acts, papers, and reports, etc. Royal Canal, Ireland, 

1803, 1812, 1813, 1815, 1817. 

Ireland. Proposed Plan of an Inland cut from Burn's Island to 
Leighlin. Chapman (W.), 1791. 

Italy. MoscA, 1818. 

— Cavour Canal. Ajraghi, 1872; Benazzo, 1875; Cavour, 

1893; Grueber, 1886; Marchetti, 1880; Pasini and 

Gioppi, 1893. 

Villaresi Canal. Cipolletti, 1886. 

Italy and France, Navigable and Irrigation Canals. 

WiBBEKiNG (C. F. von), 1838-9. 

Jordan Canal. Henley, 1883. 

Jumna Canal, N.W. Provinces. Cautley, 1864. 

Kendal, proposed canal from, to the Duke of Bridgewater's Canal 
leading to Manchester. Burdett & Beck, 1769. 

Kennet and Avon Canal. Ewart (J.), 1796. Acts 1794, 1796, 

1801, 1805, 1809. Kennet and Avon. 

— Scheme for extending the navigation, 1788. 

Kennet and Avon. 

■' Comparative merits of inland communication by Navigation 
or Railroads. Kennet and Avon, 1825. 

■ Statement, 1810 ; description, 1811. Kennet and Avon. 

Kent, Weald of. Canal Act, 1812. Weald of Kent Canal. 

Keyn Canal Project, 1878. India, p. 121. 

Kingstown and Dublin Canal. Report, 1833. Kingstown. 

Elnaresboro', proposed navigation to. Burton, 1802. Knares- 
borough Canal. Report on levels, surveys and estimates, 

1802. Knaresborough Canal. 

Krau-Chai-Ya-Talung, Opening of the Isthmus of. Pru, 1881, '82, 
Lancaster Canal. Acts 1792, '93, '96, 1800, 1807. 

Lancaster Canal. 

Languedoc. Lalande, 1778. 

Languedoc Canal. Atlas and description. La Roche, 1787. 

History. Languedoc Canal. 

Description of the works. Froidour, 1672. 

Lapworth and Kingswood Canal. Case in support of the Bill, 
1795. Lapworth and Kingswood Ca&al. 

Leeds and Liverpool Canal. Acts 1770, '83, '90, '94, 1819. 
Leeds, p. 226. Classification of Merchandise Traffic. Bills 

1893. Leeds, p. 226. 
Leicester Canal. Acts 1791, '97, 1800. Leicester Canal. 



CANALS. 113^ 

CANALS (Pakticulak) — continued. 

Leicestershire and Northamptonshire Union Canal. Babnes (J.), 

1802. Acts, 1793, 1805. Leicestershire. 

Leominster Canal. Acts 1791, '96, 1803. Leominster Canal. 

Leven Canal, Yorkshire. Acts 1801, 1805. Leven Canal. 

Liverpool and Hull Canal. Plan of a proposed navigable Canal. 

Liverpool and Hull. 

Loire (La). Advantages of a Canal. Baude, 1822. 

Canal parallel to the Loire. Loire, 1890. 

London Canal from Boulter's lock to Isleworth on the Thames. 
Report to the Subscribers. 

Whitworth (R.) and Mylne, 1794. 

London Canal and Railroad. Remarks on the projected. 

Tatham (W.), 1803. 

Litended North London Canal Navigation. Dodd, 1802. 

London (West of) Navigation. Allnutt (Z.), 1815. 

London and Cambridge Canal. Pontey, 1810. London and 
Cambridge Junction Canal. Acts 1812, '14. Minutes of 
evidence before Committee of the House of Commons, 1812. 

London and Cambridge. 

London and Hampshire Canal. Guse, 1891. 

London and Liverpool. A plan for the amalgamation of Canals 
between. Townshend (T.), 1846. 

London and Portsmouth, respective merits of the proposed Canal . 
and Iron railway from. Marshall (R.), 1803. 

London and Western Canal, lately Hampton Gay Canal, 1792. 

London and Western Canal. 

Lough Allen to Shannon Navigation. Allen, Lough. 

Macclesfield Canal. Act 1826. Macclesfield Canal. 

Manchester, Ashton-under-Lyne and Oldham Canal. Acts 1792, 
'93, '98, 1800, 1805. Manchester, Ashton and Oldham. 

Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal. Acts 1791, 1805. 

Manchester, Bolton and Bury. 

Marne, junction of the, to the Seine. Cordier, 1827-29. 

Mame-Saone. Keller (K.), 1882. 

Mame-Rhine. Graeff, 1861. 

Marne-Rhine and Canal de TEst. Picard, 1880. 

Marne to the Rhine. Competition between canals and railways. 

COLLIGNON (C), 1845. 

Marseilles. Aqueduct on the Canal. Rennie (G.), 1855. Mar- 
seilles Canal. Bridge aqueduct of Roquefavour. 

Marseilles Canal, 1854. 

Plan and profile of the principal line. 

Marseilles Canal. 1880. 

Melbourne and Hobson's Bay, improvement of the water com- 
munication between. Christy (F. C), 1879. 

VOL. I. Q 



114 CANALS. 

CANALS (Particular) — continued. 

Merthyr Tydfil, Canal from, to the Bank near Cardiff. Acts 

1790, 1796. Glamorganshirb Canal. 

Meuse, Junction of canal of, and Bhine. Hageau, 1819. 

Mitrow Canal, 1867. India, p. 126. 

Monkey Island, proposed Canal from, to Isleworth. -Queries 

answered. Brindley, 1770. 

Monkland, Act for making and maintaining a Navigable Cut or 

Canal and Waggon-way from Collieries of, to Glasgow, 1770. 

Act for amending, 1813. Monkland Navigation. 

Mons Canal. Junction of the Meuse and the Scheldt. 

MoNS, 1819, '40. 
Montgomeryshire Canal. Acts 1794, 1815. Montgomeryshire. 

Case of the Company in respect of the proposed tax on 

inland navigation. Montgomeryshire, 1797. Western 

Branch. Pugh (W.), 1834. 

Morris Canal and Banking Company. Report, 1861. 

Morris Canal. 
Murray (River) Canal. Estimate of proposed Canal. 

Murray River, 1874. 

Nahrwan Canal. Jones (J. F.), 1857. 

Neath Canal. Act and amended Act, 1791-98. Neath Canal. 

Neath and Swansea Red Jacket and Junction Canals. Par- 
ticulars relating to their formation, course, and use. 

Tennant (G.), 1824. 
New Chitpore lock. India, 1883, p. 99. 

New York State. Reports 1854-80, '89, '91. New York State. 

New York. Canals to connect Western and Northern lakes with 
Atlantic Ocean. Haines, 1821. 

Newbury and Bath Canal. Papers and Plans, 1790. 

Newbury and Bath Canal. 

Newcastle and Maryport Canal. Probable commerce and revenue, 

1796, 1802, 1807. Newcastle and Maryport. 

Newcastle or N. Shields towards Cumberland. Observations on 

the Hne of country through which a canal may be carried. 

Thompson (Jona), 1795. 
Newcastle-under-Lyme Junction Canal. Act 1798. 

NEWCASTLE-under-Lyme. 
Newport Pagnell, Act for making a navigable Canal from, to the 
Grand Junction Canal at Great Linford, 1814. 

Newport Pagnell. 
Nira Canal. Whiting (J. E.), 1883. 

Nira Canal project, Poona district, 1892. India, p. 127. 

North Sea, Canals from the, to the Baltic. 

TiMONOPP (V. E.), 1893. 
North Walsham and Dilham Canal. Act 1812. 

North Walsham. 



CAKALS. 115 

CANALS (Paeticular)— confontted* 

North- West Provinces, 1865. India, p. 127. North-Westem 

Provinces and Oudh. Map. India, p. 127. 

North Wilts Canal. Act 1813. North Wilts. 

Norwich and Lowestoft Canal. Evidence before Committee, 
1826. Norwich and Lowestoft Canal. 

Nottingham Canal. Act 1792. Nottingham Canal. 

Nova Scotia. Shubenaccadie Canal Co. Charter and Bylaws. 

Shubenaccadie Canal Co., 1829. 

Nutbrook Canal. Act 1793. Nutbrook Canal. 

Oakham Canal. Act 1793. Oakham Canal. 

Oder-Lateral Canal. Herr, 1880. 

Oder-Warthe-Netze Canal. Havestadt (C.) and Contag, 1883. 

Orissa Canals. Papers 1884, '85, '89. India, p. 128. 

Ourcq Canal. Bertrand (P.), 1805; Girard (P. S.), 1812, 1819, 

1831^43. 

Oxford Canal. Act for making, 1769. Act to consolidate 

several Acts, 1829. Oxford Canal. Between Longford and 

Wolphamcote. Map of the intended improvements along 

part of the line. Vignoles (C. B.), 1828. 

Paris, Canal Maritime de, a Rouen. 

Flachat and Bayard de la Vingtrie, 1829. 
Peak Forest Canal. Acts 1794, 1805. Peak Forest. 

Penclawdd Canal. Act 1811. Penclawdd Canal. 

Pennsylvania Canal Navigation. History. Pennsylvania, 1795. 
Pontnewynydd Canal. Act for making. Pontn'ewtnydd, 1792. 

Baiyan Canal and Reservoir, Notes on. 

Whitehouse (Cope), 1889. 

Reading, Report on the several lines of canals projected between, 
and Isle worth. Rennie (J.), 1794. 

Regent's Canal, from the Grand Junction Canal to the River 

Thames. Act. Regent's Canal, 1812. Acts to alter and 

amend the Act of 1812. Regent's Canal, 1813-19. 

Rhine basin. Canalised Rivers and free Rivers of. Traction 
of Boats. Report. Mutze, 1892. Waterways and trans- 
port trade. Borght, 1892. 

Rhine to the Sea Canal. Anonymous, 1888, p. 56. 

Rhone, Valley of the. Irrigation Canal. Leger, 1883. 

Rickmansworth, Design for bringing a navigable river from, to 
St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. Forde (E.), 1720. 

Rio Cobre, Irrigation Canal from the. Hutchins, 1872. 

Rio de la Plata. Navigation between the port of Buenos Aires 
and the Parana de Las Palmas. Mitre y Yedia, 1893. 

Rochdale Canals. Acts 1793, 1794, 1800, 1804, 180d-7. 

Rochdale Canal. 



116 CANALS. 

CANALS (Particular) — continued, 

Bohilcund, Canal Irrigation of. Beport, 1855. India, p. 130. 

Rostock-Berlin Navigation Canal. Hesz, 1877. 

Rotterdam to the Sea. Improvement of the waterway. 

Wklker(J. W.), 1892. 

Royal Canal Company's Affairs. Dabbadie, 1812. 

Russia. Consolidation of Canal Banks. Hoebschelmann, 1892. 

Saint Denis Canal. Reconstruction of its locks. 

HuMBLOT and Renaud, 1889. 

St. Lawrence, Gulf of, and the Bay of Fundy. Construction of a 
canal between. Baie Yerte Canal, 1874. 

St. Lawrence, Proposed Canal connecting the, and Lake Champ- 
lain. St. Lawrence (River), 1856. 

St. Louis. Canal and Port St. Louis and junction of the Rhone 
with the Mediterranean. Berthaud, 1870. 

St. Martin. Girard (P. S.), 1820. 

Sambre, Canal joining the, and the Gise. Concession. 

Sambre, 1830. 

Sadne and Moselle. Canal joining them. SAdNE, 1828. Chalons 

to Youle. CoRDiER, 1828. 

Saulte Ste. Marie Canal, Improvement. Almt (F.), 1887. 

Scheldt and Lys Rivers. Their Canalisation. Scheldt, 1837 ; 

ViFQUAiN (J. B.), 1837. Canal from Bossuyt to Courtray. 

VlFQUAIN (J. B.), 1838. 

Scheldt and Maas. Quinette de Rochemont, 1870. 

Schlesisch-Markische Canal. Havestadt (C.) and Contag, 1884. 

Scotland. Survey of the different lines for a canal between 

Edinburgh and Glasgow. Rennie (J.), 1797. 

Sensee. Canal. Cordier, 1820-28. 

Severn and Wye Railway and Canal Bill. Minutes of Evidence. 
1869. Severn and Wye Railway, 

Sheffield to Tinsley Navigable Canal Act, 1815. 

Sheffield Canal. 
Sheffield Canal. Account of its opening, Feb. 22, 1819. 

Sheffield Canal. 

Shomcliff to Boone's Bridge on the River Rother Canal. Letter 
declining the offer of the contract for. 

Rennie (John), 1804. Add. 530. 
Shrewsbury Canal. Act for making a canal from the North end 
of the Shropshire Canal to the town of Shrewsbury, 1793. 

Shrewsbury Canal. 
Shropshire Canal. Act, 1788. Shropshire Canal. 

Sidhnai Canal project in the Punjab, 1888. India, p. 130. 

Sind, Canal Irrigation in, 1863. India, p. 131. 

Sind. Management, 1853. India, p. 131. Proposed Canal 

and Railway, 1854. India, p. 131. 



CANAtS. 117 

4 

CANALS (Particulab) — continued. 

Sleaford Oanal. Act, 1792. Sleaford Canal. 

Soissons. GiRARD (P. S.), 1824. 

Somersetshire Coal Canal. Act, 1802. Somersetshire Canal, 
1802. Letter. Sutcliffe (J.), 1880. 

Sone Canal, 1870-74. India, p. 131. 

Anient under the sluices, 1872. India, p. 131. 

estimates, 1867 to 1886. India, p. 132. 

Canals of Irrigation and Navigation from the River Soane, 

1861. India, p. 132. 

Sone Canal project. Maps, 1861. India, p. 132. 

Soulanges Canal. Beport on plans in connection with it. 

SouLANGES Canal, 1891. 

Southampton and Salisbury Canal. Acts, 1795-1800. 

Southampton and Salisbury Canal. 

Southern of France (formerly Canal de Languedoc). 

Andreosst, 1799, 1803. 

Spain. Canal Imperial Maritimo. Conrad, 1834. 

Canal de Isabel II, works in 1853. Otero. 

Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal. Acts, 1766, *70. 

Staffordshire and Worcester Canal. 

Stainforth and Keadby Canal. Acts, 1793, 1798, 1809. 

Stainforth and Keadby. 

Stamford Junction Canal. Misrepresentations as to the motives 
and proceedings of the Projectors. 

Stamford Junction Canal, 1811. 

Stella to Hexham. Report on the proposed line of Navigation, etc. 

Chapman (W.) 1797, p. 241 ; Sutcliffe (J.), 1796. 

Stirling Canal. Prospectus and Report. Stirling Canal, 1835. 

Stockton and Portrack Canal. Report on the expediency of 
making, etc. Stockport and Portrack Canal, 1805. 

Stourbridge Canal. Acts for making a navigable canal from 
Stourbridge to join the Staffordshire and Worcestershire 
Canal at Stourton, 1776, '82. Stourbridge Canal. 

Stourbridge and Worcester Canal. Address to the public on the 
new intended Canal from Stourbridge to Worcester, 1786. 

Stourbridge and Worcester Canal. 

Stowmarket and Ipswich Canal. Acts for making and raising 
money to complete, 1790, *93. 

STOWMARKEt and Ipswich Canal 

Stratford-on-Avon Canal. Acts, 1793, 1795, 1799, 1809, 1815, 
1817. Stratford-on-Avon Canal. 

Strathmore Canal, Report relating to. Stevenson (R.), 1817. 

Strathmore and Strathearn Yalleys. Memorial regarding the 
propriety of opening them by means of a railway or canal. 

Stevenson (R.), 1820-1821. 



118 CAIULS. 

Canals (Partigulab) — continued. 

StrSmeholm Canal and locks. Schenstbom, 1797. 

Siid-West-Kanal, Berlin- Wannsee. 

Havkstadt (C.) and Contag, 1883. 

Swansea Canal Act, 1794. Swansea Canal. 

Sweden, 1880. Sweden, p. 270. 

Swedish, especially from Lake Wenern to the Baltic. 

Platen, 1806. 

Tancarville, Projected canal from. Rouen, 1880. 

Tasmania. Bingarooma High level Canal scheme. 

BiNGAROOMA Biver, 1885. 

Tavistock Canal Act, 1803. Tavistock Canal. 

Terneuzen. Gand et ses installations maritimes. Bruneel ii 
Braun, 1881. Canal de Terneuzen et le port de Gand. 

Braun (E.), 1885. 

Thames, Canals projected for the purpose of avoiding the naviga- 
tion of, 1810. Kbnnet and Avon. Junction on the rivers 

Thames and Medway. Dodd, 1799. 

Thames and Medway Canal Acts, 1800, 1804, 1810, 1818. 

Thames and Medway Canal. 

Gravesend, Canal from near, to Strood. Dodd, 1798. 

Thames and Severn Canal. Acts, 1791, 1796, 1809, 1813. Thames 
and Severn Canal. Report to the Board of Trade on. 

Thames and Severn Canal, 1888. 

Trent. Act for making a Canal from the River Trent, through 
Derby, to Little Eaton, 1793. Derby Canal. 

Trent and Mersey Canal Acts, 1766, 70, '97, 1802, 1809. 

Trent and Mersey Canal. 

Trieste and Muggia. Rieter (H.), 1862. 

Trollhatta, Sweden, description of its canal. 

Skjoldebrand (A. F.), 1804. 

Tunbridge. Grand Southern Canal proposed between, and Ports- 
mouth. Rennie (J.), 1810. 

Tyne River. Report on proposed canal on north side of. 

Whitworth (R.), 1797. 

Ulster and Tyrone Canal Navigation Act, 1888. Ulster and 
Tyrone Canal, 1888. Report from the Select Committee of 
the House of Lords on. Ulster and Tyrone Canal, 1888. 

Ulverston Canal Act, 1793. Ulverston Canal. 

Union Canal. Proposed Extension from Gumbey Wharf to the 
Grand Junction Canal, near Buckley Wharf. Survey and 
Report. Telford (T.), 1803, p. 288. 

Proposed Union Canal. Grahame (J.), 1814. 

Valais Alps. Blotnitzky, 1871. 

Venice to Spezia project. Romano (G, A.) and Fiandra, 1889. 

•Vienna-Danube. Caisson-gates. Engerth, 1884. 



CANALS. 119 

CANALS (Particular) — continued. 

Yistular-Oder Canal. Herb, 1880. 

Waltham Abbey to Moorfield. Report and Survey of the proposed 
Canal from. Whitworth (R.), 1773-4. Advantages which 
may be expected from the canal proposed to be made from 

Waltham Abbey. Sharp (J.), 1774. 

Warwick and Birmingham Canal. Acts and Bill, 1793, *96, 
1893. Warwick and Birmingham Canal. 

Warwick and Braunston Canal. Acts 1794 and 1796. 

Warwick and Braunston Canal. 

Warwick and Napton Canal Act, 1809. 

Warwick and Napton Canal. 

Western Union Canal. Replies of the Conmiittee of the Thames 
Navigation Commissioners to arguments relating to. 

Western Union Canal, 1820. 

Wey and Arun Junction Canal Act, 1813. 

Wey and Arun Junction Canal. 

Wilts and Berks Canal. Clegram, etc., 1883. Acts 1795, 1801, 

aO, '13, '15 ; Wilts and Berks Canal. 

Winchester. Proposed junction canal between, and the Basing- 
stoke Canal. Basingstoke Canal, 1808. 

Wisbech Canal Act, 1794. Wisbech Canal. 

Witham. Practicability of a Junction Canal between the Rivers 
Witham and Ancholme. Padley, 1828. 

Worcester Canal, (Proposed.) Worcester Canal, 1790. 

Worcester and Birmingham Canal. Acts 1791, '98, 1804, '8, '15. 
Worcester and Manchester Canal. Reasons why the Oxford, 
Worcester, and Wolverhampton Railway Company should not 
obtain control of it. Williams (E. L.), Sen., 1865. 

Wyrley and Essington Canal. Plan of, as now executed, with 

proposed extensions for surveys taken in 1791-2-3. Wyrley, 

etc.. Canal. Acts 1792, '94. Wyrley, etc.. Canal. 

CANALS (Ship). General References. 

New method of laying out and working canal levels for ships' 
transport. Meyer (G.), 1877. 

Ship Canals. Corthell, 1885. Improvement of. Benefits to be 
derived from. VERNON-Harcourt (L. R), 1893. 

Usefulness of Maritime Canals. Qobert, 1886. 

CANALS (Ship). Particular. 

American inter-oceanic. See Atlantic and Pacific. 
Australia (Western). Proposed Ship Canal to connect Rocky 
Bay, in the Swan River, with the sea. Report. 

Western Australia, 1874. 



120 CikJ^ALS. 

CANALS (Ship) —continued, 

Austria. Ship-canal projects of the Josephine age and their 

adaptability to the present time. Itzeles (L.), 1882. 

Belgium. Gobebt, 1884. 

Birmingham. Report of Committee on proposed Ship Canal. 

Birmingham Ship Canal, 1888. 

Bridgewater. Price (H. H.), 1835. 

Bridgewater to Seaton, to form a junction of the English with the 
Bristol and Irish Channels. Ptke, 1823. 

Canada Ship Channel through Lake St. Peter. Documents 
relating to its deepening. St. Peter, Lake, Canada, 1853. 

Corinth Marine canaL Turr (S.), 1886. 

Darien, See Atlantic and Pacific. 

English and Bristol Channels Ship Canal. Prospectus and 
Telford's Report. English and Bristol, 1824 ; Telford (T.) 
and Nicholls, 1824. Preliminary Report and Prospectus. 
Telford (T.), 1824, p. 287. Report to Committee of Manage- 
ment. Kicholls, 1825. 

Erie (Lake) and Ohio Rivers Ship Canal (projected). 

Roberts (T. P.), 1893. 

Erie and Ontario Lakes. Survey around the Falls of Niagara 
with a view to the construction of a ship canal between. 

Williams (Capt. W. G.), 1836. 

Forth and Clyde Ship Canal in relation to the development of 

Commerce. Crawford (J. L.), 1891. 

Guaratiba. Webb (E. B.), 1856. 

Hooghly and Mutlah Ship Canal. Official Correspondence. 

Moore (Ralph), 1863. 

Hudson River to Lake Champlain. Construction of a ship canal 
from. Weep (S. M.), 1873. 

Imperial Ship Canal from London to Portsmouth. Cundy, 1828. 

— London to Arundel Bay and Portsmouth. Cundy, 1827. 

Lowestoft to Norwich Ship Navigation. Report on the plan for 
making. Walker (James), 1826, p. 394. 

Manchester Ship Canal. Conder; Haupt (L. M.), 1894; 
Helm (E.), 1893. Add. 506; Pulligny, 1892; Timonoff 
(V. K), 1891 ; VoisiN (Bey), 1888. Plans and Map. 
Booth (W. F.), 1884. Report, 1891. Monro (T.). Canal 
Works. Platt (S. S.), 1889. Committee of House of 
Commons on Bill. Cunningham (D.), 1885. Reply on 
behalf of the promoters of, before the Select Committee of 
the House of Lords, 1884. Pember (E. A.). Add. 527. 
Press on the question, 1882. Why it is wanted, 1882. 
Legal considerations, 1882. Engineers' Reports, 1882. 
Report of Provisional Committee, 1882. Minutes of evidence, 
1883-85. Description of the project, 1884. 

Manchester Ship Canal. 



CANALS ^ 121 

CANALS (SmT)'-eontinued, 

ManchesteF and Dee Ship Canal. Chapman (W.), 1825, p. 242. 

Melbourne Ship Canal or Tidal Harbour and Docks. 

Millar (John), 1860. 

Newcastle, ship canal and railway from, to Carlisle. 

Chapman (W.), 1824, pp. 241, 242. 

Niagara Ship Canal. From the West and North- West to the 

Sea. JtJDSON, 1890. Report, 1888. Niagara. 

Nicaragua. See Atlantic and Pacific. 

North Sea, ship canal uniting the, with the Baltic. 

^ Sabatini (D.), 1859. 

Panama. See Atlantic and Pacific. 

Quebec and Montreal, Beport of the further deepening of the 
Ship Canal between. Nish, 1872 

Suez Canal. Batbman (J. F. la T.), 1870 ; Borbl, 1867-68 ; 

Clarkson (E.), 1843 ; Desplacss, 1858 ; Fontane and Riou, 

1869 ; Fowler (Sir J.), 1869 ; Kbnney, 1857 ; Mati, 1870 ; 

Monteil, 1874 ; Montbsino, 1857 ; Paponot, 1889. Report. 

Richards (Admiral Sir G. H.) and Clarke, 1870. 

Practicability of opening a communication between Red Sea 

and the Mediterranean by a Ship Canal through the 
Isthmus of Suez. Anderson (A.), 1843. 

Mediterranean and Red Seas. Inquiry into the means of 

establishing a Ship Navigation between. 

Vetch (J.), 1843. 

Block on. Haughton (B.), 1884. " Bulletin." Periodical 

Publications, 13. Canal Question viewed in a Cob- 
denian sense. Haddan (J. L.), 1873. Chart. Philip 
(G.), 1876. Suez Canal Conference, 1867. Ritt (O.). 
History of the Isthmus of Suez.^ Ritt (O.), 1869. Suez 
Canals from the most ancient times. Groyer (J. W.), 
1877. Suez, early history. Price (J. S.), 1883. Suez 
Canal. Memoir, 1869, 1869-1884 Noursb. Menzaleh 
and Ballah Lakes. Badois, 1 865. Navigation by night, 
Nansouty, 1886. Political, engineering, and financial 
history. Fitzgerald (P.), 1876. 

Letter in reply to M. de Negrelli. Stephenson (R.), 

1858. Political bearings of Canal question. 

Langs (D. A.), 1859. 

Lord Palmerston and the Canal. Lange (D. A.), 1857. 

Port Said. Cialdi, 1872 ; PalAocapa, 1868. Present and 

future. SteeliS (J.), 1875. 

Port Said. Cialdi, 1869, 1870, 1888, pp. 254, 255. 

Suez Channels and Port Said. Cialdi, 1870. 

VOL. I. R 



122 CAi^ALS. 

CANALS (Bbip)- -continued, 

Suez Canal. Report and Plan, 1857. Intebnational Scientific 
Commission. Report to the Egyptian Government. Hawk- 
SHAW, 1863. Report. Login, 1870. Scientific Commission 
on the piercing of the Isthmus of Suez. Pali^ocapa, 1857. 
Technical and economical questions. Barrault, 1856. 
Question du trace. Barrault (A. and E.), 1856. 

True position of the Suez Ca7ial. Parker-Rhodes, 1883. 

Works. Badger, 1862 ; Lavalley, 1866-69 ; Poir^e, 

1865. 

Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez. Rap- 

port, 1863. Hawkshaw, p. 27. 

Finance. Canal Company. Correspondence. Extracts from 

papers, Geological notice. Reports. Shipping returns, 
etc., relating to it. Suez Canal, 1860-89. 

Correspondence, History, Letters, Reports, Documents, etc., 

1855-76. Lesseps (F. de). 

Suez Universal Maritime Canal Company. Actes Constitutifs, 

1866. Rules for Navigation. 1869. Lesseps (F. de). 

Suez Canal and Euphrates Railway. Griffith (C. D.), 1857. 

Tehuantepec. See Atlantic and Pacific. 

Western Ship Canal Bill, 1825. Western Ship Canal, 1825. 

Wivenhoe to Colchester, proposition for construction. 

Brupf (P.), 1842. 

CANALS (Canal Boats). 

Act for the Registration of boats, barges, <kc., used on inland 
navigation, 1795. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 468. 

Canal Boats Act, 1877. Regulations by Local Government 
Board. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 468. 

Canal Boats Act, 1877. Amendment Bill. Report of Select 
Committee, 1884. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

Canal and River Boats, Experimental researches on the form of. 

Mas (F. B. de), 1893. Add. 519. 

Chain Towage. Dupuy de L6me, 1883 ; Labrousse, 1866. 

Electric Propulsion on Canals. Busser (O.), 1893. Add. 489. 

Electric Towage. Busser, 1892. 

Fulton's plan of wheel boats, and the utility of subterraneous and 

of small canals. Chapman (W.), 1797, p. 241. 

Hydraulic Motors. Aisne and Marne Canal. Use of hydraulic 

motors. Gi^RARDiN, 1872. 

Steam Canal Navigation, advantages of the use of steam. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1831, p. 402. 

Canal Navigation by Steam. Report of Committee. 

New York State, 1858. 
Practicability of employing steam power on Canals. 

Livius, 1842. 



CANALS — CARDAN JOINT. 123 

CANALS (Steam and other power on). 

Steam Canal Navigation. Steam for Canal boat propulsion. 

Bailey (W. H.), 1886. 

Steam Towage by means of a submerged wire cable. 

New York State, 1871. 

■ Steam Towing by means of a submerged cable. 

Meyer (F. J.) and Wemigh, 1876. 

Steam traction on Rivers and Canals. Buquet, 1868, 

Traction of Boats on Canalised Bivers. Towage by chain or by 
steam-tugs. Molinos & Bovet, 1892. 

Cable Towage on Canals and Rivers. Hydraulic Canal Lift 

at Fontinettes. Navigation of the Seine. Pneumatic 
Foundations at Genoa, etc. Watson (William), 1893. 

United States. Report of the Commission on Steam on the Canals. 

United States, 1872-4, p. 341. 

CANALS (Canal Lifts and Inclined Planes). 

Canal Lifts. Hirsch, 1881. 

Hydraulic Lift and inclined plane. Mallet (A.), 1891* 

Lifts and Inclined Planes for Vessels. Cadart, 1889. 

Inclined plane for boats. Flamant, 1890. 

Anderton Hydraulic canal lift, accident. Cadart (A.), 1882 ; 

Clark (E.), 1882. 

Belgium. Hydraulic Lift at La Louviere on the Canal du Centre. 

Clark (E.), Standfield <fe Clark, 1889. 

France. Hydraulic lift at Fontinettes on the Neuffoss6 Canal. 
Clark (E.), Standfield <fe Clark, 1888; Gruson, 1889. 

Monkland Canal, Blackhill, near Glasgow. Inclined plane. 

Leslie (J.), 1852. 

Worcester and Birmingham Canal. Description of a patent lift 
erected on it at Tardebig, Smith (E.), Notary public, 1810. 

CANALS. See also Inland Navigation. 

CANDLES. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. iv. 

CAPILLARITY, Theory of. Mathibu, 1883. 

CAPITAL. See Labour, 

CAPSTAN. Phillips (C), 1820. 

CARBOLIC ACID. Readwin, 1870. 

CARBON AND COMPOUNDS OF CARBON. Barff, 1874. 

Carbon in Iron. See Iron. 

CARDAN JOINT. New mod^ of overcoming the irregularities of 
motion. Tresca, 1862. 



124 CABPENTRY- -CASES. 

CARPENTRY. Emt, 1837, 1869. Thomason Ciyil Engineermg 

CoUege, 1862-4. 

Carpenter and Joiner's Assistant. Newlands, 1869, '80. 

Carpenter's New Guide. Nicholson (P.), 1801. 

Chapters of British Carpentry. Morris (T.), 1871. 

Circular Work in. Collings, 1886. 

Elementary principles. Tredgold (T.), 1840, 1870-1875. 

Joinery. Tredgold (T.), 1820. 

Manuel du Charpentier. Hanus, P. A., & Biston, 1829. 

Plans, sections, and elevations of productions of the Art of the 
Carpenter. Krafft, 1805. 

Practical Carpentry, joinery and cabinet-making. 

Anontmous^ 1826, p. 52. 

Stable equilibrium of Carpentry in iron and wood. 

CORDIBR, 1872. 

CARPETS. Bbvak (G. P.), Industries, vol. vL 

CARRIAGES AND CARRIAGE BUILDING. 

Brakes. Philipson (W.), 1888. 

Draught. Philipson (W.), 1885. 

Draught and its destructive effect on roads. 

MoRiN, 1842, p. 375. 

English Pleasure Carriages. Adams, W. B., 1837. 

Experiments on wheel Carriages. Bourn (D.), 1763; Bourn, 

App. 549; Cook (J.), 1817; Edqeworth, 1813, 1816; 

Jacob (Joseph), 1773; Rankine (D.), 1828; Rowe (Jacob), 

1734. 

Harness and prices. Felton (W.), 1794. New method of con- 
structing wheel carriages. Kosteb, 1819. 

Movable rails on all roads, fields, wastes, etc. BoiJTN, 1874. 

New Plan of building Inversable Carriages. 

March (J.), 1785. App 567. 

Public Carriages of Great Britain. Bradfield, 1855. 

Suspension of Carriages. Phiupson (W.), 1889. 

Utility and Advantages of Broad High Wheel Carriages demon- 
strated. WiCKHAM (M.), 1755. App. 581. 

Wheels and Springs of Carriages, draft of Cattle. 

Gilbert (D.), 1825. 
See also Coaches, Railways (Rolling Stock). 

CARRIERS. Select Committee on the General Carriers Act, 1877. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

CASES. See Law Cases. 



CASK-CLEANSING — CATALOGUES OF LIB&ABIES. 125 

CASK-CLEANSING. Cask cleansing and purifying process. 

Davison and Symington. 

CASTING. Casting and Founding, treatise. 

Speetson (N. K), 1878, 1883. 
Moulder's and Founder's Guide. Overman, 1870, 1886. 

Moulder's Beady Reckoner. Neavb. 

CASTINGS (Centrifugal). Anonymous, 1883, p. 42. 

CATALOGUES OF BOOKS. Bohn (H. G.), 1841, 1847 ; Dulau 

and Co., 1845; Quaeitch, 1864, 1875-77, 1880. 
American Catalogue of Books. Anonymous, 1856, p. 40. 

American Library Association. Catalogue of 5,000 vols, for a 
popular library. 

American Library Assoc., 1893. Add. 480. 

Catalogue of Books and MSS. on languages and the study of 
Oriental literature. Mabsdbn (W.), 1827. 

CATALOGUES OF LIBBABIES. Construction. Jbwbtt, 1853; 

Surveyor's Inst., 1894. 

Bules for a Dictionary Catalogue. Cutter (C. A.), 1889« 

Aachen. K. technische Hocbschule. AiZj 1879. 

Aberdeen Mechanics' Institution. Aberdeen, 1854. 

Admiralty. Admiralty, 1858, 1875. 

Architektenverein zu Berlin. Berlin, 1887. 

Asociacion de Ingenieros Industriales. Barcelona, 1891. 

Athenaeum. ATHENiEUM Club, 1845-66. 

Barrow-in-Furness Free Public Library. 

BARROW-in-Fumess, 1885. 

Berlin. Konigliche technische Hochschule. Berlin, 1885. 

Board of Trade. Board of Trade, 1866. 

Boston, Mass. Public Libraries. Boston, 1858, 1861, 1866. 

British Museum Library, on the printing of Catalogue. 

Garnett (R.), 1882. 

Brooklyn Library. Brooklyn, 1877. 

Bruxelles. Academie Boyale des Sciences et Belles lettres, 1842. 

Acad£mie Boyale. 

Baron de Stassart, 1863. Acad£mie Boyale. 

Buenos Aires. National Library. Buenos Ayres, 1893. 

California University. Contents Index of the Library. 

California University, 1889-90. 

Camera Club. Catalogue of Photographic Library. 

Camera Club, 1893. 



126 CATALOGUES OF LIBBARIKS. 

CATALOGUES OF LIBRARIES— con^mwcd. 

Chemical Society. Chemical S., 1869, 1886. 

Cherbourg. Societe des Sciences Katurelles. 

Cherbourg, 1852, 1870. 
Clockmakers' Company Library. Clockmakers' Company, 1830. 

Clockmakers' Company, 1830. App., 552. 

Engineers' and Shipbuilders' Institution in Scotland. Catalogue 

of the Library. Engineers, lb85. 

Engineers' Society of Western Pennsylvania. Index to the 
Library. Engineers, 1883. 

Franklin Institute, 1851. Franklin Institute. 

Franklin Institute. Memorial Library of International Electrical 
Exhibition. Franklin Institute. 

Freiberg. Koniglich-Sachsische Bergakademie, 1879. 

KoNiGLiCH Sachsische Bergakad. 

French Protestant Hospital. French Protestant Hospital, 1887. 

Geological Society. Geological Society. 

Geologists' Association. Geologists' Assoc., 1879. 

Grosvenor Gallery Library. English Works, Foreign Works and 

Music. Grosvenor Gallery, 1884. 

Guildhall Library of the Corporation of London. 

Guildhall, 1859, '89. 
Works of Art. Guildhall, 1867-8. 

Hanover. Architekten- und Ingenieur-verein. 

Hanover, 1866, 1876-85. 
Polytechnische Schule. Hanover, 1868. 

Konigliche technische Hochschule. Hanover, 1893. 

House of Commons. Commons, p. 284. 

Incorporated Law Society. Catalogue of Printed Books in the 
Library. Incorporated Law, 1891. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1881, 1887. 

Institution of M. E. 
Leeds. Leeds, 1878, p. 226. 

Liege. Association des Ingenieurs. Li£ge, 1894. 

Manchester Free Libraries. Annual Reports, 1854, etc. 
Catalogue of the Reference Department, 1864-81. 

Manchester. 

Mechanics' Institution. Catalogue of the Library. 

Manchester, 1834. 
Melbourne. Public Library. Melbourne, 1861, '80. 

Museum of Practical Geology. Geological Survey, 1878. 

Patent Office. Commissioners, p. 283. 

Peabody Institute. Peabody, 1883-92. 

Pennsylvania University. Pennsylvania University, 1885. 

Radcliffe Library, Oxford. Catalogue of Books, 1881. Cata- 
logue of Transactions, etc. Radgliffe Library, 1882, 1887. 



CATALOGUES OF LIBRARIES— CATALOGUES. 127 

CATALOGUES OF LIBRARIES— cow^mMcd. 

Royal Engineers. Catalogues of the different libraries of the 
^ Corps of the Royal Engineers. 

Royal Engineers, 1859, 1866, 1876. 

Royal Engineers Corps Library at Whitehall. Catalogue. 

Vetch (Lt. Col. R. H.) and Day, 1885. 

Royal Engineers' professional library at Dublin. 

Royal Engineers, Dublin, 1856 and 1866. 
Royal Geographical Society. Royal Geographical Soc, 1852. 

Royal Irish Academy Museum. Descriptive Catalogue of the 
Antiquities of stone, earthen, and vegetable materials. 

Wilde (W. R.), 1857. 

St. Helens. Free Library Catalogue of Books. 

St. Helens, 1882. 

Schweizerische Polytechnikum. Schweizerisches, 1866. 

Smithsonian Institution. Library Catalogue of publications of 
Learned Societies and journals possessed by them. 

SmitqsonIan Institution, 1855. 
South Kensington Museum. Catalogue. 

South Kensington Museum, 1891. 
Surveyors* Institution. Library Catalogues. 

Surveyors' Inst., 1874, '83, '93. 

Collection of works on Forestry. Catalogue. 

Surveyors' Institution, 1894 
Thomason Civil Engineering Coll. Central Library Catalogue. 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1863, '69. 
United States Congress. Catalogue of the Library. 

United States, 1864-72, p. 343. 

United States. Index Catalogue to the Library of the Surgeon 

General's Office. United States, 1880, etc., p. 357. 

War Office, Whitehall. Royal Engineers, 1885. 

Washington College, Lexington, Va. Catalogue. 

Washington Coll., 1868. 

Wigan Free Public Library. Index Catalogue of Books and 
Papers relating to Mining, Metallurgy, and Manufactures. 

Wigan, 1880. 
York Gate Geographical and Colonial Library Catalogue. 

Silver (S. W.), 1882. 
See also Museums. 

CATALOGUES (Various). 

Annual Exhibitions of Instruments. 

Royal Meteorological Soc., 1886-92. 

Antiquities and Works of Art exhibited at Ironmongers* Hall 

in May, 1861. Ironmongers' HalL 

Antiquities found in the excavations at the New Royal Exchange. 

TiTE (W.), 1848. 



128 

CATALOGUES (Vabioct] 

Armi and Annoory Earopean and Qrioital, 15di to 18th 
eeatMtnn. Hesbt, 1886. 

Canada. Cktalogoe c€ a eoQectioa c€ the eoonomic minerals. 

Caxada, 1886, p. 216. 

Catalogue c€ a sfaatigniphicaJ collection o€ Canadian Roc^a. 

Cauda, 1893, pi 216. 

Catalogue o€ Canadian i^anta. Canada, 1884, p. 216. 

Catalogaes o€ eoonmmc minerals. 

Canada, 1862, 1876, 1893, p. 217. 

Catalogue o€ the Silurian f oasils o€ the Island o€ AntioostL 

Canada, 1866, p. 217. 

Charts, plans, sailing directions, etc. Admiraltt, 1858. 

Manuscripts. Cottonian MSS. Bbitesh Museum, 1802. 

Harleian MSS. Bbitish Museum, 1808-12. 

Lansdowne MSS. British Museum, 1808-12. 

Minerals^ rocks, fossils, etc., collected by the Mining Department, 

Victoria. ViCTOBiA, 1866-69, p. 376. 

Models. (Geological, Mining, and MetaDurgical Models. 

6BOI.OOICAL Survey, 1865. 
Paintings, books, bronzes, etc., at Mytton HalL Hick, 1893. 

Pictures. Bbbtt Collection, 1864. 

■ London. Bridgewater House. 

Bbidgbwatbr Collection, 1851. 

- Norton Hall. Botfield, 1848. 
Portraits of Inventors, Discoverers of Useful Arts. 

COMMISSIONEBS, p. 283. 

Royal Society Portraits. Weld (C. R.), 1860. 

CATTLE. 

Labour of, in draught. Cumming, 1809. 

Mode of ascertaining their weight. Huabt, 1836. 

Mode of finding the weight of cfittle. Belgium, 1836, p. 116. 

Sheep and Swine. Report. Gk)BDON (C), 1883. 

CATTLE MARKETS. 

Buda-Pest. Hennicke and Hude, 1873. 

London. Change of market day with regard to the Lord's Day. 

Peabson (C), 1855. 

New Central, moral and sanitary aspects of. 

Bushnan, 1851. 
France. Cattle markets of small towns. Thomas (Ernest), 1873. 
Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, England and Switzerland. 

Hennicke (J.), 1866. 

CEILINGS. Application of linear perspective to the architectural 
decoration of. Bailbt, 1876. 



CEMENl^S. 129 

CEMENTS. 

Application of soluble alkaline silicates. Kuhlmann, 1858. 

Barcelona, Cement used in the harbour of. 

Lopez (A.) j Ca., 1884. 

Beton agglomere or Coignet-beton and the materials of which it 
is made. Gillmore (Q. A ), 1874. 

Calcareous Cements. Higoins (B.), 1780. Proper materials for 
their manufacture. Vicat (L. J.), 1828. Calcareous 
Mortars and Cement, artificial and natural. Treatise. 

Vicat (L. J.), 1837. 

Cements. Austin (J. G.), 1862 ; Clericetti, 1871 ; Dyckbrhopf, 

1881; Feret, 1890, '91; Scott (Capt. H.), 1861-2; 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1862-4. 
Cements and Cement Mortars, Permeability of. 

Hyde (G. W.) and Smith, 1889. 

Cements and hydraulic limes. Their different^ properties from 
incomplete dressing examined. Vicat (L. J.), 1840. 

Examination of Cement. Michaelis (W.), 1876. 

Experiments. Clericetti, 1871. 

France, 1890. France, p. 437. 

Genoa, Cements used in the works of the port of. 

LuiGGi and Cardi, 1893. Add. 517. 

Germany. Cement Industry. Delbruck, 1885. 

Hydraulic cement. Candlot, 1891 ; Hunt (A. E.), 1891. 

La Valentine. Michel <fe Co., 1860. 

Lime and Cement. Merceron-Vicat, 1885. 

Limes, Calcareous Cements, Mortars, Stucco and Concrete. 

Pasley, 1838, 1847. 
Limes, HydrauUc Cements, and Mortars. Gillmore (Q. A.), 1870. 

Manual of Cement. Heath (A. H.), 1893. 

Manufacture at Vassy-l^s-Avalon (Yonne) constructions. 

Gariel, 1853. 
Manufacture of Cements. Bonammi, 1888. 

Method of compounding a cement or mortar suitable for a large 
number of works. Loriot, 1774. 

Natural and Artificial Reid (H.), 1879. 

Natural Water Cements of England and Artificial Cements. 

Pasley, 1830. 
Patent Selenitic Cement Company. 

Scott (Maj.-Gen. H. Y. D.), 1874. 
Permeability of Cements. Durand Claye and Debray, 1889. 

Practical remarks on Cements. Anonymous, 1832, p. 52. 

Properties of cement. Le Chatblier (H.), 1889. 

Pozzolana. Schumann (C), 1886. Purchase and use of the 
patent English Pozzolane for building and stucco work. 

Jearrard, 1824. 
vol. I. s 



130 CEMENTS. 

CEM.ENTB— continued, 

Pozzolana. Researches on Pozzuolana. 

Faujas de Saint Fond (B.), 1778. Add. 500. 

- — ^ Treatise on the composition. Vicat (L. J.), 1856. 

Artificial Pozzolana compared with Italian Pozzolana in their 

employment in fresh and salt water. Vicat (L. J.), 1846. 
Right of using oil cement or composition for stucco. 

Anonymous, 1778, p. 40. 
Rudimentary treatise. Bubnell, 1850. 

Spain. Cement made in the Vascongadas Provinces. 

Ceeero, 1871. 
See also Kilns ; Limes. 

CEMENTS (Portland Cement) Anonymous, 1887, p. 49 ; Barreau, 
1881 ; Candlot, 1886 ; Collins (D. L.), 1888 ; Dietrich, 
1885; MiCHABLis (W.), 1869, '82, '88; Report, Le Chate- 
lier, 1889; Middleton (R. E.), 1882; Mountain, 1885; 

Reid (H.), 1878. 
Building under water. Ammann, 1894. Add. 481. 

HardeniAg in water and in air. Perrodil, 1884. 

Magnesia in Portland Cement. Erdmenger, 1893, and Add. 499 ; 

MicHAELis (W.), 1887, '88. 

Manufacture. Reid (H.), 1868, 1877. Portland cement and 

concrete use. Cox (S. F.), 1881. Adulterations of. 

Fresenius, 1885. Application to marine works. Stone y 

(B. B.), 1871. Composition and value. Merchant, 1880. 

Some of its uses. Bernays (E. A.), 1879. 

— — Experience of chemical analysis in relation to quality in 

the manufacture. Collins (D. L.), 1880. 

— — Improvements in the manufacture of. 

Ransome (F.), 1887. Add. 530. 

Used in the southern main drainage works (London), 

strength. Grant (J.), 1875. 

Manufacture and testing. Faija, 1893, 

For users. Faija, 1881. 

Notes on recent additions to our knowledge. 

Griffith (J. P.), 1894. Add. 504. 
Portland and Roman Cement, Schafhautl (C), 1851, 

Strength of Roman and Portland Cements. Experiments. 

White (John B.), 1852. 
Strength of Cements. Rules for the testing of Portland Cement. 

Anonymous, 1885, p. 53. 
Testing Laboratory, Gothenburg. Wijkander and Wallin, 1894. 
Testing of Portland Cement. Unwin (W. C), 1886, p. 360. 

Kurrachee. Price (W. H.), 1873. 

United States. History of the Portland Cement Industry. 

United States, 1892, p. 355. 



CBMETERIES— CHABTEBED COMPANIES. 131 

CEMETERIES (London). Establishment of a place of extramural 
sepulture. Haywood (W.), 1853, p. 30. 

City of London Cemetery at Ilford. Reports. 

Haywood (W.), 1855, '56, p. 30. 

Modem Tombs. Gleanings from public cemeteries. 

Haeewill, 1849. 

Sutton (Surrey). Long Gallop and Rose Hill Park, Proposed 
Cemeteries at. Sutton, 1886. Add. 535. 

Turin general cemetery. Peinbtti, 1888. 

CENSUS, see Population. 

CENTRIFUGAL ACTION in practical work. 

Laidlaw, 1891. 

CHAIN CABLES. Act for regulating the proving and sale of 
chain cables and anchors, 1864. Reports from Select Com- 
mittees, 1864-74. Pabliamentary . . Papers, p. 469. 

Chain Cables and Chains. Traill. (T. W.), 1885. 

Chain haulage on inclines at the Iron Mines of Dicido, Santander. 

Brull, 1884. 

Durand's patent for an improvement in the manufacture. 

Curtis (J. G. C), 1861. 

Specification of Chain Cables, Mooring Chains. Admiralty, 
1888. ObservaticMis. Brunton, Middleton and Co., 1815. 

Chain Cable Testing. Peacock (R. A.), 1862. 

Stability of Chains. Hartig, 1892. 

Use of chains for lifting and hauling. Adams (H.), 1887. 

CHAINS, BICYCLE. 

Index to the various kinds of steel chains. Renold (H.), 1893. 
Minute oscillations of a uniform flexible chain. 

Sang (E.), 1887. 
CHALK. 

Red Chalk of England. Wiltshire (Rev. T.), 1859. 

CHARCOAL. 

Charcoal Burners' Handbook. Syedelius (G.), 1875, 

CHARITABLE TRUSTS ACTS. Report from Select Committee, 
1884. Parliamentary . . . Papers p. 469. 

CHARITIES OF LONDON, 1863, etc. Low (S.) 

CHARITY, FRANCE. History of PubHc Charity in France. 

Johnston (D.), 1829. 

CHARTERED COMPANIES. 

Reports relating to the East India Company. 

East India Company 1804-6. Add. 498. 



132 GHABTS — CHEHISTBT. 

CHARTS. See Maps. 

CHEMISTRY. Treatises. Berzelius, 1808-12, 1835, 1845 : Brande, 
1819, 1848. Cavendish Society Handbook. Gmeun, 1848-72. 
Lectures. Davy (Sir H.), Works, vol. 2. Elements. Fownes 
(G.), 1859 ; Galloway (R.), 1851 ; Graham and Watts, 
1850-58 ; Jullien (C. K), 1867 ; Kuhlmann, 1847 ; Liebig, 
1851; Miller (W. A.), 1867-69; Roscoe (Sir H. E.), 
1877; RoscoE (Sir H. E.) and Schorlemmer, 1878-92; 
ScHOEDLER (F.), 1851 ; Turner (Dr. E.), 1840; Williamson 
(A. W.), 1873. Chemistry of Common Life. Johnston 
(J. F. W.), 1855. Modem Chemistry. Erni, 1885. Modem 

Theories. Meyer (L.), 1888. 

Acetous Acid, fixable air, oils, fuel, &c. Hiooins (B.), 1786. 

Acids and Alkalies. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, voL 4. 

Agricultural Chemistry. See Agriculture. 

Alkalimetry, commercial value of Acids and Manganese. 

Fresenius and Will, 1843. 

Annalen der Physik und Chemie. Periodical Publications, p. 9. 

Annales de Chimie et de Physique. 

Periodical Publications, p. 9. 

Annals of Electricity, Magnetism, and Chemistry. 

Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, 1847-50. 

Liebig and Kopp. 

Analytical Chemistry, a treatise. Rose (H.), 1859-62. 

Chemical Analysis (chiefly inorganic). Crookes, 1886. 

Atomic weights of simple bodies. Berzelius, 1835. 

Bibliography, 1492-1892. Bolton (H. C). 

Blow-Pipe Analysis. Landauer, 1879. 

Candle, Chemical History of a. Faraday (M.), 1861. 

Carbonic Acid, quantity of carbon in. Allen, W., and Pepys. 

Chemical Affinity, Electricity, and Magnetism, illustrated by a 

noiseless Dynamo requiring no steam power. 

Ross (O. C. D.), 1891. 
Chemical Department of Owens College, work done in the, 

1857-87. RoscoE (Sir H. E.), 1887. 

Chemical Dynamics. Hope (J. H. Van 't), 1884. 

Chemical Equilibrium the result of the Dissipation of Energy. 

LiVEiNG, 1885. 
Chemical Equilibrium. Le Chatelier (H.), 1888 j LeChatelier 

(H.), and Mouret, 1891. 
Chemical Forces, connexion of, with the Polarization of Light. 

Maskelyne, 1841. 
Chemical Gazette. Periodical Publications, 13. 

Chemical Laboratories. K. rheinisch - westphalische polyt<3ch- 
nische Schule. Aix, 1879. 



CBEHISTBT. 133 

CHEMISTRY— confonued. 

Chemical Laboratories. Bonn and Berlin. Hofmann, 1866. 

School of Military Engineering, Chatham. Abket, 1888. 

Chemical Manipulation. Faraday (M.), 1842 ; Noad, 1857 ; 

VOILETOB (H.), 1839. 

Chemical Method ; notation, classification and nomenclature. 

Laurent (A.), 1854. 

Chemical News and Journal of PhysiccJ Science. 

Periodical Publicatioks, p. 13. 

Chemical Philosophy. Davy (Sir H.), Works, vol. 4. Dalton, 

1827, 1842 ; Daniell, 1839. 

Chemical Reports and Memoirs. Graham (T.), 1848. 

Chemical Statics. Dumas and Boussingault, 1844. 

Chemical Technology, 1879-88. Wagner (R. von). 

Chemico-technical analysis. Post (J.), 1882. 

Chemist. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Chemistry applied to Arts and Manufactures. Anonymous, p. 42 ; 
MuspRATT (J. S.), 1860; Chaptal, 1807; Dumas (J. B.), 

1828-46. 
Coal Tar and Ammonia. Lunoe, 1887 

Coal Tar Industry : Recent Progress. Roscoe (Sir H. E.), 1886. 

Destructive Distillation, paraffin, coal tar, rosin oil, petroleum, 
and kindred industries. Mills (E. J.), 1877. 

Dictionary. Aikin (A. and C. R.), 1807-14 ; Liebig, Poggen- 
dorff and Wohler, 1857-64; Ure (A) 1828; Watts (H.), 

1866-81, 1888-94. 

Dictionary of Applied Chemistry. Thorpe (T. E.), 1890-93. 

Distillation of Coal Tar and Ammoniacal Liquor. Lunge, 1882. 

Engineering, Relation of Chemistry to. Armstrong (H. E.), 

1887 ; DuRAND Claye (C. L.), 1885. 

Ethane, a new. Bomanji Sorabji. 

Fusibility of isomorphous mixtures of some double carbonates. 

Le Chatelier, 1894. Add. 515. 

Fusibility of isomorphous saline mixtures. 

Le Chatelier, 1894. Add. 515. 

General, Analytical and Applied. Jagnaux, 1887. 

Hydrologique, Chimie, Lefort, 1859. 

Industrial Chemistry. Jullien (C. E.), 1866 ; Payen, 1878. 

Inorganic. Richter (V.), 1878. 

Inorganic and Otganic. Tidy (C. M.), 1878, 1887 ; 

Bloxam (C. L.), 1867. 

Inorganic Chemistry. Elements. Shepard (J. H.), 1886. 

Inorganic Chemistry. Introduction. Miller (W. A.) 1871. 

Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 18. 



134 CHEMISIJBT. 

CR^WiSTRY— continued. 

Metallic Borates. Le Chatelieb (H.), 1891. 

Microscopic Salt, acids, bases and water. Dalton, 1840-42. 

Nitrous oxide and its respiration. Davy (Sir H.), Works, vol. 3. 

Non-Metallic Elements. Faraday (M.), 1853 ; 

Guthrie (F.), 1868. 

Organic Bodies : Vegetables. Thomson (J.), 1838. 

Perchloride of Iron as a deodorizing agent. 

Miller, Hoffman and Frankland, 1860. 

Fhenic Acid. Lemaire, 1865. 

Phosphate of lime. Nature and origin of deposits. 

Penrose (R. A. F.), Jr., 1888. 

Phosphates of America and the manufacture pf sulphuric acid. 

Wyatt (F.), 1892. 

Physico-chemical forces. Becquerel (A. E.), 1875. 

Physiological Chemistry, Apparatus for. Brunton (T. L.), 1879 ; 
Cavendish Society ; Atlas, Funke, 1853 ; Lehmann, 1851-54. 

Pigments. Chemistry of. Thomson (John M.), 1885. 

Practical Chemistry. Qualitative Analyses. 

Harcourt, a. G. V. and Madan, 1872. 

Chemistry, practical and theoretical. Robin (E.), 1842. 

Progress. RxJdorpf, 1887. 

Pure and applied Chemistry. Dictionary. Wurtz (A.), 1874-8. 

Pure and technical. , Gottlieb, 1861. 

Pure, applied, and physical. Frankland (E.), 1877. 

Putrefaction and Antisepsis, Chemistry of substances taking part 
in. Thomson (John M.), 1887. 

Pyrology or fire chemistry. 

Ross (Lt.-Col. W. A.), 1872, 1875. 

Quartz, expansion of. Le Chatelier (H), 1889. 

Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Course. Valentin (W. G.), 1884. 

Quantitative Chemical Analysis. Fresenius, 1865, 1876. 

Reagents. Payen and Chevalier, 1822. 

Relation of Chemistry to Engineering. 

Armstrong (H. E.), 1887. 
Retrospect of Chemical Discoveries. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Revenue in jeopardy from spurious chemistry demonstrated in 
researches upon wood spirit and vinous spirit. 

Urb (A.), 1843. 
Salts, on the fusibility of mixtures of. 

Le Chatelier (H.), 1894. Add. 515. 

■ Mutual Solubility of. Le Chatelier (H.), 1894. Add. 515, 

Scientific Chemistry. Introduction. Barpp, 1872. 

Silica, expansion of. Le Chatelier (H.), 1890. 



CHEMISTRY — CmMNEYS. 135 

CBEMISTBY— continued. 

Solubilities of chemical substances. Storeb (F. H.), 1864. 

General Laws of the solubility of normal bodies. 

Le Chatelier (H.), 1894. Add. 515. 

Sulphuric Acid, Manufacture of. Hammond (John), 1878 ; 

Lunge, 1879-80. 

Superphosphates. Double and triple. 

Lazarus, 1894. Add. 514. 

Tables for qualitative analysis. Cooke (S.), 1876. 

Tables of Chemical Constants. Johnston (J. F. W.), 1834. 

Technical Chemistry (Science Lectures at South Kensington). 

RoscoE (Sir H. E.), 1879 ; Schubarth (E. L.), 1851. 

Chemical Technology. Groves and Thorpe, 1889 ; Knapp, 

1848. (Acids, alkalies and salts: their manufacture). 
RiCHABDSON (Thomas) and Watts, 1863-5. Handbook, 

Wagneb (R. von), 1872. 

Theology, Natural, Chemistry, Meteorology, and the functions of 
digestion considered with reference to. 

Bbidgewateb Treatises, 8. 

United States Geological Survey (Chemistry Division). Report 
of the work done in 1884-90. Clabkb (F. W.), 1891-2 
and 1892-3 ; Clabke (F. W.), 1893. Add. 492. 
Volumetric Analysis, systematic handbook. 

Sutton (F.), 1863, '90. 

CHESS. Magic square of the knight's march. 

Bevebley (W.), 1848. 
See also Automata. 

CHILDREN. Commission on work of, in Manufactures, Mines, and 
Workshops. Dupin, 1840. 
Condition and treatment of, employed in the Mines and Collieries 
of the United Kingdom. Anonymous, 1842, p. 42. 
Employment in Mines. Report of Parliamentary Com- 
mission, 1842. Fabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 471. 
Notes on the development of a child. Shinn (M. W.), 1893. 

CHIMNEYS. 

Boiler and factory Chimneys, their draught, power and stability. 

Wilson (Robert), 187" 
Chimney Draught. Thubston (R. H.), 1890, p. 308. 

Chimneys for furnaces, fireplaces, and steam boilers. 

Abmstbong, R. (1866). 
Construction. Clavebing, 1779 ; Hiobt (J. W.), 1826. 

New plan of constructing. Cauty, 1775; Gennet6, 1760. 

Factory, furnace, and other tall Chimney Shafts, Designs. 

Rawlinson (Sir R.), 1858. 



136 CHIMNEYS — CIVIL SERVICES AND REVENUE DEPARTMENT. 

CBIMNmrS— continued. 

Masonry, Chimneys in, construction and stability. 

Braet (G.), 1885. 

Mechanism of Fire made in Chimneys. Gauger, 1716. 

Patent metallic lining and damper for Chimneys. 

Smith (Seth), 1831. 

Tall Chimney Construction. Bancroft, 1883, 1885. 

Treatise on. Eckstein, 1852. 

CHOLERA. See Epidemics. 

CHRONOLOGY. Maya Year, 1894. 

Thomas (Cyrus), 1894. Add. 536. 

Reform of the Calendar. Speech on the Bill for regulating the 
commencement of the Year. Macclesfield, 1751. 

Perpetual Calendar. Collignon (E.), 1890. 

Remarks on the solar and lunar years. Macclesfield, 1751 ; 

Macclesfield, 1751. App. 567. 

CHRONOLOGY (Metrical). Howlbtt, 1855. 

CHRONOMETERS. See Clocks and Watches. 

CHURCH OF ENGLAND. London Church Building, 1855. 

London Diocesan C.B.S., p. 280. 

CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. 

Scotland Report on the petition of the Commissioners for the 
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

Scotland, 1803, p. 174. 

CIRCULATION IN ANIMALS AND PLANTS. 

Pritchard (A.), 1842. 

CIVIL SERVICES AND REVENUE DEPARTMENT. 

Appropriation Accounts, 1880, (fee. Reports of Commissioners, 
1876, &c. Reports on Accounts relating to the Civil Lists, 
1802. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Cape of Good Hope. Cape Colony, 1887, &c., p. 220. 

Guide to Civil Service. Ewald, 1885. 

India. Report of Select Committee and Index, 1890. 

India, p. 99. 

Resolution of Government of India regarding the Uncove- 

nanted Service. India, p. 99. 

Papers relative to the obstruction of public business and the 

organization of the Civil Service. Symonds (A), 1853. 



CLASSICS— CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 137 

CLASSICS. 

Classics for the Million. Gbet, 1881. 

Iliad, translated by Cordery. Homer, 1871. 

Virgil's ^neid, remarks on. Henry (J.), 1873. 

CLIMATE. 

Argentine Republic. Davis (G. G.), 1889. 

Bibliography. Rahsat (A.), 1884. 

Belgium. Quetelet, 1849. 

Brazil. Climatology. Morize, 1891. 

Buenos Aires. Climate. Buenos Ayres, 1878. 

California. Notes on the climate and Meteorology of Death 
Valley. Harrington (M. W.), 1892. 

Caucasian Climate. Statkowski (B.), 1879. 

Change of Climate. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1860, p. 16. 

Chicago. Chicago, 1893 ; Hazen, 1893. 

Climatology. Dove, 1857-69. 

Comparative Climatology of London and the chief English 

Health Resorts. Thornton (B.), 1891. 

Climate in its relation to Health. Poore, 1885. 

Climates of the World. Influence of currents of the ocean on. 

Bent (S.), 1872. 

France. Climates of, and influence on Agriculture and the 

inhabitants. Martins, 1860. 

Guernsey. Climate. Hoskins, 1852. 

Hygiene. Assmann, 1894. 

Hygiene of hot countries. Celle, 1848. 

India, Ceylon and Burmah. Guide to the Climates and 

Weather of. Blanford, 1889. 

Climate and Rainfall in India. 

Fayrbr (Sir J.), 1883. Add. 500. 

Climate of India. Martin (R. M.), 1861. 

London. Climate of. Howard (L.), 1883. 

New South Wales. Climate of. Russell (H. C), 1877, '92. 

North America. Modifying the climate by closing the Straits of 

Belle Isle. Goodridge, 1886. 

Rio de Janeiro. Cruls, 1892. 

Torquay. Climate. Torquay, 1884. 

United States. Climatology of the, and of the temperate latitudes 

of the North American Continent. Blodget, 1857. 

See aho Meteoroloot, Rainfall. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Horology). 

Acad6mie Royale des Sciences. Eighty-three papers on horo- 
logical subjects, cut out of the '* Histoirede L'Acad6mie" and 
the "Memoires." Acad^mie Royale^ 1763-1740. App. 543. 

Article in Rees's Cyclopedia. Farey (J.), 1819. App. 550, 

VOL. I. T 



138 CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES {B.oboloqy)— continued. 

Articles on. Anonymous, 1784, 1809. App. 544. 

Catalogue of the Horological Library, bequeathed by B. L. 
VuUiamy (Catalogue of Library, vol. 3, pp. 541-581). 

Essay on Horology. Berthoud (F.), 1763. App. 547. 

Excellency of Horology. Anonymous, 1689. App. 544. 

Gamier's horological works exhibited at the Louvre. Gabnier 
(P.), 1827, p. 558. Gamier's horological works and instru- 
ments of precision. Notice. Garnier (P.), 1844. App. 558. 

Hints on Horology. Arnold (W. S.), 18-. App. 546. 

Historical treatise ; its rise and progress from the earliest times. 

Henderson (E.), 1836. App. ^61. 
History from its origin. Dubois (P.), 1849. App. 555. 

Horologer's Almanack for 1852. Borsendorfp (L.), 1851. 

App. 549 
Horological Treatise. Lepaute (J. A.), 1767. App. 565 

Horology and a treatise on clocks and watchmaking. 

Reid (T.), 1812, '26. App. 573. 

Index Horarius in tres libros. Anonymous, 1662. App. 544. 

Macon. Theoretical and practical school of horology and 

mechanics at. Macon, 1833. App. 567. 

Mechanical and practical treatise on horology. 

Thiout (A.), 1741. App. 578. 

Memoir on Horology. Hessian (A.), 1785. App. 562. 

Memoirs on Horology. Anonymous, 1750. App. 544. 

Modern Horology. Gabufpa, 1894. 

New general astronomical and civil treatise of Horology. 

Moinet (L.), 1848. App. 568. 
Practical Horology for apprentices and amateurs. 

ViGNiAUx (P.), 1788. App. 579. 
Sciences and Liberal and mechanical Arts. (Horology.) 

Anonymous, 1765. App. 545. 
Studies on different questions in Horology. 

Robebts (N.), 1852. App. 574. 
Theory of Horology tabulated. Fbtil (P.), 1800. App. 557. 

Time Geography (d'horologeographie). Floutbierbs (P. de), 1619. 

App. 557. 
Treatise on Horology for watches and pendulums. 

Debham (W.), 1731. App. 554. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (General Repebences). 

Bevan (G. p.), Industries, vol. ii. 

Artificial rule of time, to learn the natural and artificial division 

of time and to know all sorts of clocks and watches and their 

use. Sully (H.), 1714, '17, '37. App. 577 & 578. 

Catalogue of Clocks and Watches, with remarks on the care of 

watches, etc. Savoby (T. C), 1845. App. 576. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 139 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Gbnbeal Rbpbrences)— con/tnttciJ. 

Clock and Watch Work. Elements of. 

CuMMiNG (A.), 1766. App. 553. 
Clocks, Orreries, and Sundials, how to construct. 

Ferguson (J.), 1778. App. 557. 

Construction and management of Chronometers, Watches and 

Clocks. Dent, 1842. 

Equation tables for adjusting watches and clocks to the motion of 
the sun. Anonymous, 1731. App. 544. 

Mechanical part of Clock and Watch work. Introduction to. 

Hatton (T.), 1773. App. 561. 
Pons' Clock and Watch manufacture. 

Pons (H.), 1823. App. 572. 

Royal Society. Extracts from General Index to the Transactions, 

vols. 1-70, containing all that relates to Clocks, Watches, etc. 

Royal Society. App. 575. 

Treatise on Watch and Clock work, wherein the art of calculating 

numbers for most sorts of movements is explained, and a 

history of Clock work. Derham (W.), 1696, 1700, 14, 

'34, '59. App. 554. 

Balance. Investigations founded on the theory of Motion, for 
determining the times of vibration of watch balances. 

Atwood (G.), 1794. App. 546. 

New Construction of the compensation balance. 

Dent, 1842. 

Vibration of Watch Balances. Atwood (1794). 

Dialling. Faria Aragao, 1805. 

Directions for making Universal Meridian Dial, capable of 

being set to any Latitude. Wollabton (F.), 1793. App. 581. 

Art of. Leybourn, 1675. De Sargues' Universal Way of 

Dyaling. King (D.), 1659. 

Elliptical or Azimuthal Horologeography. Foster (S.), 1654. 

How to make Dials, etc. Leybourn (W.), 1700. 

App. 566. 

Way to make all kinds of Dials. Falb (T.), 1593. 

App. 556. 
Escapements. Anchor escapement. Seguier, 1845. App. 576. 

Clock Escapements. Denison (E. B.), 1849. App. 553. 

Dead Escapement for Clocks. Improved method of con- 

structing and theory of. 

VuLLiAMY (B. L.), 1822, '23. App. 579. 

Escapements in repose and recoil Escapement. 

JoDiN (J.), 1762, '66. App. 563. 

Escapements most in use in horology. Description of. 

Geneva, 1831. App. 558. 

Lever Escapement for watches and marine chronometers. 

ScHOOP (W. G.), 1874. 

T 2 



140 CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Genbkal Revbbe^ces)— continued. 

Fundamental properties of the Lever. 

VmcB (Rev. S.), 1793. App. 597* 

Fusee, Going. On a new construction of. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1840. App. 543. 

Lighting. Lamp designed to light a dial by a reflector of which 
the curve is calculated in ratio to the diameter of the dial 
and the distance of the reflector from the dial. 

Wagner, 182-. App. 580, 

Longitude. Treatise on watches for, and Description of two 
astronomical watches. Berthoud (F.), 1792. App. 546. 

Method of determining at sea with the help of marine 

clocks and watches, etc. 

Berthoud (F.), 1775, '87, '92. App. 548. 

Method of finding the longitude at sea by timekeepers. 

Wales (W.), 1794 and 1800. App. 580. 

Pendulum watches for finding Longitude at sea. Instructions 

concerning use of. Huygens (C), 1720. App. 562. 

Movement of a watch on a declivity that measures time after a 
peculiar manner. Wheeler (M.), 1784. App. 580. 

Pivot Holes of Watches. On a new metallic Alloy for. 

Bennet (J.), 1830. App. 547. 

Regulation. Art of Regulating watches. 

Berthoud (F.), 1759 and 1811, App. 547. 

How to regulate Watches. 

Roberts (H.), 1841, '49. App. 574. 

Method of regulating watches and clocks. 

Sully (H.), 1728. App. 577. 

Repeating Watch. Manner of regulating. 

Le Roy (J.), 1741. App. 565. 

Essay on. Crespe (F.), 1804. App. 552. 

Seconds Watch. Description of a new. 

Roberts (H.), 1834. App. 574. 
Water Clock. Description of Clepsydra or Water Clock. 

Hamilton (Hon. C), 1746. App. 560. 

Wheels. Royal Exchange. Shape of the Wheel teeth in the 

Clock. Dent (E. J.), 1844. App. 554. 

Gears of wheels and pinions in horology. Practical con- 

siderations on. Preud'homme (L. B.), 1780. App. 572. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks). 

Automatic Clock, called Dardenne perpetual regulator. 

TiLLiisRE and Lust, 1882« 
Centesimal clock of E. Cusani compared with ordinary clocks. 

Raddi, 1893. 
Clock for the correct measurement of time on the sea. 

Sully (H.), 1726. App. 577. 



©LOCKS AND WATCHES. 141 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks)— con/fnwed. 

Contrivance to avoid Irregularities in a Clock's motion occa- 
sioned by the action of Heat and Cold upon the rod of the 
pendulum. Graham (Geo.), 1726. App. 559. 

Description and use of Table Clock upon a new construction, 
going by a weight eight days. Martin (B.), 1770. App. 567. 

Description of a new invention of a clock for the true measure- 
ment of time on the sea. Sully (H.), 1726. 

Elementary treatise on clocks. Ozanam (J.), 1750. App. 570. 

Exact measurement of time by clocks, etc. General principles of. 

JuRGENSEN (U.), 1805. App. 563. 
General treatise on clocks. Allexandre (Jacques), 1734. App. 544 . 

Influence two pendulum Clocks were observed to have upon each 
other. Ellicott (J.), 1739. App. 556. 

Irregularities in a Clock's motion, occasioned by the action of 
heat and cold upon the rod of the pendului^. 

Ellicot (J.), 1753. App. 556 ; Graham (G.), 1726 ; 

Graham (G.), 1726. App. 559. 
Isochronism of spiral springs to render clocks more exact. 

HouRiBT du Loche (F.), 1814. App. 562. 
Marine clocks. Treatise on. Bbrthoud (R), 1773. App. 548. 
Measure of time by clocks. Berthoud (F.), 1802. App. 547. 

Methodical treatise. Charrost, 1795. App. 551. 

New Invention of Clock ascendant on a Plain inclined. 

Gennes (de), 1678. App. 558. 
Observations on the Earliest Introduction of Clocks, etc. 

Barrington (Hon. D.), 1778. App. 547. 

Prevention of irregularities in the motion of a Clock arising from 
the influence of heat and cold upon the rod of the pendulum. 

Ellicott, 1753 ; Ellicott, 1753. App. 556. 

Vibrations of Pendulums with different suspending springs. 

Frodsham, 1838. 
Williamson's letter asserting his right to the invention of making 
clocks to keep time with the sun's apparent motion. 

Williamson (Joseph), 1719. App. 581. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks, Astronomical). 

Astronomical Clocks. Note on. Grenier, 1790. App. 559. 

Strasburg Cathedral. Description of the astronomical 

clock of. ScHwiLGu6 (C), 1844. App. 576, 

Geographical and Astronomical Clocks. Description of several 
and account of a Marine Regulator. 

Jenkins (H.), 1760, 78. App. 663. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks, Electric). Short history. 

Bain (A.), 1853. 
Electro-Magnetic Clocks. Barwise and Bain's successful application 
of Electro-magnetism as a moving power for Clocks. 

Bauwise (J.) and Bain, 1841, App. 547. 



142 CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks, Electric)— cow^intteci. 

Electro-Magnetic Clocks. Inventor of. Finlaison, 1843. 

Vindication of Bain's claim to be the first Inventor of. 

Finlaison (J.), 1843. App. 557. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Clocks, Public). 

Public Clocks, Church clocks, and account of Westminster Clock. 

Denison (E. B.), 1850. App. 553. 

Church and other Public Clocks. Treatise on the manage- 

ment of. Abbott (F.), 1835, '39. App. 543. 

Public Clocks, particularly Church Clocks, with correspond- 

ence on the subject of a dock for the New Church at 
Bermondsey. Vulliamy (B. L.), 1831 and 1884. 

App. 579. 

Essay on Public Clocks. Janvier (A.), 1811. App. 563. 

Turret Clocks, Railway Station Clocks, Church Clocks, etc. 

Construction, regulation, etc., of. 

Vulliamy (B. L.), 1823-51. 

Turret-Clock Remontoirs. 

Denison (E. B.), 1849. App. 553. 

Vulliamy new mode of construction of a turret clock. 

Advantages attending. 

Vulliamy (B. L.), 1831. App. 579. 

Glasgow. Description of the new clock of the Cross Steeple of. 
Mitchell (A.), 1843. App. 568. Report on the Clocks 
under the charge of the Corporation made to Glasgow 
Special Committee on Public Clocks. 

Glasgow, 1838. App. 559. 

London. King's Garden. 1669. Explication of the Dial set in, 
and other dials. Hall (F.), 1673. App. 560. 

Westminster Palace. Paper relating to the great clock 

for. Westminster Palace, 1848. App. 580. Original 
drawings. Westminster Palace, 1850. 1847-52. 

London and Black River in Jamaica. Account of Observations 
made in, concerning the going of a clock ; in order to deter- 
mine the difference between the lengths of isochronal 
pendulums in those places. Bradley (J.), 1734. App. 550: 

Portsmouth to Port Royal, Jamaica. Calculation shewing result 
of an experiment made with Harrison's Timekeeper in a 
voyage to determine the difference of Longitude between the 
two places. Harrison (John), 1762. App. 560. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Watches). 

American watchmaker and Jeweller. Stelle (J. P.), 1868. 

Article from Rees's Cyclopaedia. Anonymous, 1823. App. 545. 
Cantor Lectures on Watchmaking. RiGO (E.), 1881. 

Deck Watches. Rates of. 1888-89, &c. Greenwich Observatory. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 143 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Watches)— cow^mwcd. 
History and principles of watch work. 

Jones (J.), 1845. App. 563. 
Pocket Watches, pointing out the defects in their construction. 

Parb (W.), 1804. App. 571. 
Watchmaker's Handbook. Saunier (C), 1888. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Chronometers). 

Change of Rates in Chronometers, as stated to arise from their 
transfer from one place to another on land, and by their 
removal from land to shipboard. 

Parkinson (W.), and Frodsham, 1833. App. 571. 

Chronometer, Brief account of, with remarks on those furnished to 
Captains Ross', Sabine's, etc.. Expeditions. ^ 

Parkinson (W.), and Frodsham, 1832. App. 571. 
Chronometers. Barraud, 1850. 

Chronometers (Arctic Regions). Parkinson and Frodsham, 1834. 
Chronometers and their management. 

Shadwell (Capt. C. F. A.), 1861. 
Chronometric manual. Janvier (A.), 1821. App. 563. 

Chronometric new year's gift for 1811. 

Janvier (A.), 1810. App. 563. 
Comparative Rates of Chronometers. Method of ascertaining. 

Epps (J.), 1832. App. 556. 

Construction and management of Chronometers, Watches, and 

Clocks. Dent (E. J.), 1841. App. 554. 

Effects of Density of Air on the rates of Chronometers. 

Harvey (G.), 1824. App. 561. 

Effects produced in the rates of Chronometers by the proximity of 

masses of iron. Barlow (P.), 1821. App. 547. 

Eleven years of a chronometer : Kessels, 1254. (Relative to the 
rate of a marine Chronometer). 

Zahrtmann (C. C), 1837. App. 581. 
Errors in the Sea Rates of Chronometers arising from the Mag- 
netism of their balances. 

Scoresby (W.), jun., 1882. App. 576. 
Errors of Chronometers. Dent, 1842 ; Dent, 1842. App. 554. 
Kessels Chronometer. Hansen, 1836. App 560. 

Laws of Isochronism of the Balance Spring. Frodsham, 1849. 
Magnetic Intensity of a Chronometer. Remarkable case of. 

Harvey (G.), 1823. App. 561. 
Marine Chronometers. Observations on the Comparative Rates of. 

Bond (W. C), 1829. App. 549. 
Mercurial Chronometer improved. 

Clarke (J.), 1715. App. 552. 

Methods for ascertaining at sea the exact gain and loss of 
Chronometers, etc. Duhamel (Due), 1832. App. 555. 



144 CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Chronometers)— con<tnMe(2. 

Observations on Chronometers from Ross' Narrative of his second 
Expedition to Arctic regions, 1829 to 1833. 

Ross (Capt. Sir J.), 1835. App. 574. 
Rates of Chronometers, 1 86 7-79, '80, &c. Greenwich Observatory. 

Plan for ascertaining Rates of Chronometers by an instan- 

taneous signal. Wauchope (R.), 1830. App. 580. 

Remarks on the present method of using Chronometers at Sea. 

Anonymous, 1818. App. 545. 
Toothed barrel and fusee. Robert, 1839. App. 574. 

Use of the Chronometer, with suggestion for applying it to correct 
the Latitude as well as the Longitude. 

Owen (E. W. C. R.), 1812. App. 570. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Time Keepers). 

Time keepers. Time and Time keepers. PoissoN, 1846 ; 

Thomson (A.), 1842. App. 578. 
* Descriptive use of Universal Time-piect^ 

Anonymous, 1834. App. 544. 

Importance of Time-keepers in Navigation. 

Hall (Basil), 1820. 

Improvements in Time-keepers. Loseby, 1852. 

Mechanism to afford a true mensuration of time. Descr. of. 

Harrison (John), 1795. App. 560. 

Patent Marine Time-keeper. Croucher, 1820. 

Use of Timekeepers. Anonymous, 1800, p. 50. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Trade). 

Apprenticing boys to the Watch Trade. Address showing the 

evils. Anonymous, 1817. App. 544. 

Art and trade of Clock and Watch-making, showing the necessity 

for further regulations to protect and relieve from distress 

the persona engaged in the said art. 

Anonymous, 1812. App. 545. 
Coventry Watchmakers. Report from the Committee on the 
petitions of. Coventry, 1817. App. 552. 

Depressed State of the Watch Trade. 

Powell (J.), 1817. App. 572. 

Importation of foreign Clocks and Watches from 1787 to 1841. 

Clockmakers' Company ; Clockmakers' Company, 1832, 

1841. App. 552. 
Jackson's trial for feloniously removing the Goldsmiths' Company's 
marks from one watch case to another 

Jackson (W.), 1816. App. 563. 

La Tribune Chronometrique, for use of members of the Corporation 

of Horologers. Dubois (P.), 1852. App. 555 ; 

Periodical Publications. App. 571. 
Law relating to Watchmakers. Report on. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, 1818. App. 571 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 145 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Pabticulae References). 

Airy's Clock Escapement. Description. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1842. App. 543. 

Arnold's Chronometers. Certificates and circumstances relative 
to the going of. Arnold (John), 1791. App. 545. 

Pocket chronometer with compensation balance. 

Arnold (John), 1780. App. 545. 

Circumstances relative to the going of Mr. Arnold's chrono- 
meters. Arnold (1791). 

Chronometers or Timekeepers. Instructions concerning. 

Dalrtmple (A.), 1788. App. 553, 

Clock at Mannheim, and Pocket Chronometer at Green- 
wich. Arnold (John), 1781. Add. 545. 

New Pendulum Clock, set up in the Mannheim Observatory, 

Letter on the going of. Mayer (C), 1781. App. 568. 

Time-Keepers, explanation of. 

Arnold (John Roger), 1805. App. 546, 

and Dent's Chronometers. Experiment made at Greenwich 



and Paris Observatories to test accuracy. 

Arnold (John Roger) and Dent, 1838. App. 546. 

Barraud's Chronometers, Drawings and description of compensation 
balance and testimonials of accuracy. 

Barraud (H.), 1819, '48. App. 547. 

Berthoud's marine clocks. Voyage in 1768 and 1769 to prove. 

Fleurieu (C. R C. de), 1773. App. 557, 

Breguet's Chronometers. Gay-Lussac (L. J.), and 

Arago, 1819. App. 558. 

Caron's (junior) new escapement for watches, the AcadSmie des 
Sciences upon. Report of. Acadismie Roy ale, 1754. App. 543. 

Earnshaw's Chronometers. Protest ags^inst granting a reward 
for. Banks (Sir J.), 1804. App. 547. 

Earnshaw's claim to Commissioners of Longitude's reward for 
invention of improvements in time-keepers. Appeal and 
Statement regarding. 

Earnshaw (T.), 1806, 1808, App. 555. 

Samshaw's improvements on time-keepers. Arguments for giving 
a reward for. Maskelyne, Rev. N. App. 568, 

Earnshaw's Time-keeper. A full answer to the advertisement 
concerning, in the "Morning Chronicle," Feb. 4, and 
"Times," Feb. 13, 1806. Dalrymple (A.), 1806, App. 553, 

Earnshaw and Arnold's Time-keepers. Explanation of. 

Earnshaw (T.), 1805 and 6. App. 555, 

ISffe's and Molyneux's Improvements in Chronometers. 

EiFFE (J. S.), 184L App. 556, 

EUicott's Clock at St. Helena. Observations for proving the 
going of. (Effect of gravity on going). Mason (C), 1762. 
App. 568, Short (J.), 1762, App, 576. 

VOL. I, u 



146 CLOCKS AND WATCHES. 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Particular References)— con^c?. 

Emery's pocket Chronometer, Three registers of. 

Bruhl (J. M. de), 1785. App. 550. 

Habrecht's Roman Clock, 1589. Description. 

Habrecht (I.), 1825. App. 559. 

Harrison's Time-keeper (Principles of). Maskeltne, 1767 ; 

Maskelyne, 1767. App. 568. 

Harrison's Watch at the Royal Observatory. Account of the 
going of, from May 1766 to March 1769. 

Masketlyne (Rev. N.). App. 568. 

Harrison's Watch. Maskelyne, 1767. 

Minutes of proceeding about reward for. 

Harrison (John), 1765. App. 560. 

Laresche's Alarum. Report on. 

Franc(eur (L. B.), 1822, p. 558. 

Le Roy's longitude watches. Description of. 

Cassini (J. D.), 1770. App. 551. 

Le Roy's marine watches. Voyage in 1768 to test. 

Cassini (J. D.), 1770. App. 551. 

Mudge's improvement in Time-keepers for discovering Longitude 
at Sea. Considerations in favour of a reward, and objections 
against, for, and extract relative to his petition for a reward. 

MuDGE (Thomas), 1786, '93. App. 569. 

Mudge's Timekeepers. Answer to a pamphlet by Mudge junior, 

relating to. Maskelyne (Rev. N.), 1792. App. 568. 

Description and Thoughts on the means of improving 

watches. Mudge (Thomas) Jun., 1799. App. 569. 

Letter relating to. Hellins (Rev. J,), 1792. App. 561. 

For discovery of Longitude at Sea. Narrative of facts, 

relating to. Mudge (Thomas) Jun., 1792. 

App. 570. 

Observation on application to Parliament for a reward for. 

Banks (Sir J.), 1793. App. 546. 

Register, 1894. Account of first time-keeper in a voyage to 

and from Newfoundland, 1785. 

Bruhl (J. M. de). App. 550. 

First Time-keeper. Register of its going from April 1780 

to May 1781. Mudge (Thomas). App. 569. 

Time-keepers. Reply to Maskelyne's Answer to a narrative 

of facts relating to. 

Mudge (Thomas) Jun., 1792. App. 570. 

Petition. Report on, from House of Commons Select 

Committee on, and enquiry into the principles on which 
his time-keepers have been constructed. 

Mudge (Thomas), 1793. App. 569. 
Roberts' Marine Watches or Chronometers. Report. 

Seguier (Baron A. P.), 1846. App. 576. 



CLOCKS AND WATCH£S — COAL. 147 

CLOCKS AND WATCHES (Particular References)-— confo?. 

Shelton's Clocks. Observations on one of. (Relative to force ot 
Gravity in different places). 

Maskelyne (Rev. N.), 1762. App. 568. 
XJlrich's Chronometers. Report on certain improvements, in, and 
memoir of the rise and progress of Horology. 

Ulrich (J. G.), 1846. App. 578. 
Vulliamy's Clock escapement. Dum^rt, 1853. App. 555. 

Wagner's Cast Iron clock. Description of, and use for churches. 

Wagner, 1822. App. 580. 
Woodley*s patent time-piece. Woodley (W.), 1833. 

CLOTHING, Hygiene of. Kratschmbr, 1894. 

COACHBUILDING, Art appUed to. Julian (H.), 1884. 

COACHES (Stage). See Carriages ; Stage Coaches. 

COAL. Baddow and Bannan, 1866 ; Bauerman, 1877 ; Bevan 
(G. P.). Industries, vol. 2 ; Chemin and Verdier, 1888 ; 

Gesner, 1865 ; Thomas (J. W.), 1878. 
Coal Question. Brown (T. F.), 1891 ; Levasseur, 1876 ; 

Price- Williams, 1889. 
Coal physically and socially considered. Vivian (H. H.), 1856. 

Coal and Coal Oil. Bowen, 1865. 

Crystals of quartz and of calcite in Coal Measures. Pirket, 1882. 
Gas Explosions in Coal Bunkers. Rowan (T.). 

Geological inquiry as to the origin of Coal. Hawkshaw, 1843. 

Geology of Coal seams. Miebzsch, 1875. 

Heating power of. Bunte, 1892. 

History and uses. Thorpe (T. E.), 1878. 

History of Coal, Coke, and Coalfields. Fordyce, 1860. 

Production and Consumption. Bodhy, 1875. 

Select Committee on the present deamess and scarcity of Coal, 
1873. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Slack, conveyance of. Lurmann, [1884]. 

Small Coal. Treatment of Small Coal. Hall (C. E.), 1884 ? 

Experiments made on Coal and Patent Fuel, 1877-79. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Coal Cinders and Patent Fuel shipped ^^oastways and 

exported, 1887, etc. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Statistics of Coal. The geographical and geological distribution 
of fossil fuel. Taylor (R. C), 1848. 

Supply. Armstrong, 1873. 

Plan for the Employment of Natural Forces, as a substitute 

for Coal. Anonymous, 1871, p. 52. 

Coal in all lands. Pechar (J.) (1878). 

Valuation. Buntk. 



148 COAL. 

GOAL — continued, 

Australian. Report o{ Experiment, 1863. 

Farliamentart . .Papers, p. 470. 

Austria. Fossil Coal. Hauer, 1865. 

Bi'ownlee. Appeal against an interdict prohibiting the appellant 

from working the coal within certain lands of Brownlee 

(Tapon hill). Jamieson (G. A.) and Russell, 1876. 

Add. 512. 
Canada. Production and manufacture. Bartlett (J. H.), 1885. 

Carlisle. Best means of supplying the city of, with Coals. 

LowRY, 1807. 

CuUen BuUen Coal and Coke Company. Directors' Reports. 

CuLLEN, 1889-90. 
France and England. France, 1872-75, p. 436. 

Indian. Danvers, 1867. Handbook of Commercial Products. 

Imperial Institute, 1893. India, p. 99. 

London. Possible existence of coal around. 

FiRKET, 1882; HOLDSWORTH (J.), 1866. 

Maryland Coal and Iron Company. Extracts frcwn report. 

SiLLiMAN (B. and Sons), 1839. 

Nova Scotia. International Coal and Railway Company. State- 
ment, 1867. International Coal and Railway Company. 

Over Norton, Oxfordshire. Report on the prospect of finding 
Coal under the estate of. Lucas (J.), 1891. 

Queensland. Supply to the Southern and Western Railway. 

Queensland, 1876, p. 70. 

Between Dalby and Roma. Queensland, 1879, p. 70. 

United Kingdom. Report of Commissioners, 1871. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Our Coal and Coalpits. Anonymous, 1853. Add. 481. 

Our Coal Resources. Hull (E.), 1890. 

Probability of finding Coal in S.E. England. 

Taylor (W-), 1886. 
Sites for coal-search in. "Whitaker (W.), 1890. 

United States. Coal and iron ores of the ** great vein" region. 

Riley (J. B ), 1873. 

American Coals applicable to Steam Navigation, etc. 

Johnson (W. R.), 1844. 

Wigan Coal Trials, 1867-68. Fletcher (L. E.). 

COAL (Coking and Distillation). Davies (G. E.), 1884. 

COAL (Composition, Combustion, and Evaporative Power). 

Apparatus employed in the analysis of Coal and Coal Gas. 

Banister, 1867. 
Coal Combustion. Researches. Scheurer-Kebtner (A.), 

and Meunier-Dollfus, 1875. 




COAL. 149 

COAL (Composition, Combustion, and Evaporative Power) — contd. 

Remarks on Williams' Treatise on Combustion of Coal. 

Ure (A.), 1840. 

Testimonials to Mr. Williams' mode of effecting Combustion of 
Coal in furnaces. Brett (R. H.), etc., 1841. 

Evaporative power of different kinds of Coal. Fyfe, 1841. 

Heating properties of Coke and Coal compared. 

Pellatt (A.), [1857]. 

Properties and chemical constitution of Coal. Hood, 1841. 

Qualities of the different kinds of. ^ Ure (A.), 1839. 

COAL (Ships). 

Coal for the Navy. Reports, 1848-51. Reports on Experiments, 
1860-73. Trials of Coal made by the Admiralty, 1859, 1876. 
Supplies of Coal for the use of H.M. Navy, 1889. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470-1. 

Experimental trials of Coal on board the "Urgent" and 

" Lucifer," 1870. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Spontaneous Combustion in Ships. Report of Royal Commission, 
1876. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

List of cases, 1878, 1878-86. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Letter of Board of Trade to Coal Owners, Shippers, etc., 

with regard to character and number of casualties, 1879. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Coal Cargoes : Spontaneous Combustion and Explosions in 

them. Rowan (T.), 1882. 

COALS (Shipment, Hoists, and Drops). 

Bellecourt. Rolling Crane for the lading of boats. 

Mariemont, 1891. Add. 518. 

Middlesbro'-on-Tees. Drops used for the shipment of Coals. 

TURNBULL (G.), 1846. 

Systems and Appliances for Coal-tipping and Warehousing at the 
various ports in Wales, 1881. Greenock. 

COAL (Washing and Treating op). 

Coal Washing. Danvers, 1869 ; Marsaut, 1878. In the mines of 
Besseges. Marsaut, 1880. Luhrig's Method. Rathrone 

(E. P.), 1880. 

Purification of. B^rard (A.), 1856. 

COAL (Anthracite). 

Briquettes Manufacture. Gurlt, 1880. 

— ^ of Anthracite and Lignite. Preissiq, 1887. 

Chemistry. Muck, 1891. 



150 GOAL — COAL FIELDS. 

COAL (Anthracite) — continued. 

Formation of Ammonia by dry distillation. 

MuLLEB (R C. G.), 1888. 
Germany and other European Countries. 

Geinitz, Fleck and Hartig, 1865. 
Iron. Use of Anthracite in the Manufacture of. 

Johnson (W. R), 1841. 

Locomotives on the Reading Railroad. Report on the use of 

Anthracite Coal in. Whistler (G. W.), Jun., 1849. 

Osfrau-Karwin. Jicinsky, 1885. 

Pennsylvania. Working of Anthracite in. Sauvage (E.), 1893. 

Visit to the Anthracite Districts of. 

Cadbll (H. M.), 1891. Add. 490. 

Anthracite Coal Mines. Pennsylvania, 1871-79. 

Player's patent method of burning anthracite. 

ScHAFHAUTL (C.) and Bevan, 1840. 
Prospectus and reports. Anthracite Patent Company, 1840. 

Wales (South) Anthracite Association. Leighton, 1841. 

Western Middle Anthracite Field. Review of the Atlas of, 1884. 

Lyman. 

COAL (Cretaceous). Coals of the North-west, U.S.A. 

PUMPELLY, 1880. 

COAL (Steam). 

Use of Steam Coals in Marine Boilers. Armstrong (Lord), 

Longridge, and Richardson, (1858). 

Aberdare and of Hartley, comparative value for marine purposes. 
Experiments on the "Isabella Croll," screw steamer, at 
Cardiff. Dobson (S.), 1859. 

Lancashire (South) and Cheshire. Trials at Wigan, 1867. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 470. 
North of England and Welsh. Reports on tests at Devonport. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

COAL FIELDS (Coal Measures). 

Alabama, 1875. Louisville and Nashville Railroad. 

Appalachian region of the United States. Lesley, 1856. 

Blossburg Coal Regions. Mineralogical Report. 

Taylor (R. C), 1833. 
Burnley. Geological Survey, 1875 ; Hull (E.), etc., 1875. 

Cape Colony. Coal Deposits in the Indwe Basin and Stormberg 
Range of Mountains. Cape Colony, 1889, p. 221. 

China. Coals from Se-shan. Knight (Sparrow), 1867. 

Connaught. Geological and Mining Survey. 

Griffith (R.), Jun., 1818. 
England. Coalfields and overlying foundations. Murchison, 1839. 

Midland Counties. Extension beneath the secondary 

formations. Holdsworth (J.), 1866. 



COAL FIELDS. 151 

COAL FIELDS (Coal Measures) — continued. 

England. Midland Coalfield. Mode of working, and the 
mechanical appliances. Fowleb (G.)> ^^'^^' 

Comparative facilities of the Midland, Northumberland, and 

Durham Coal Fields for the supply of London. 

Holmes (W. D.), 1837. 

Correlation of the Coal seams of the carboniferous formation 

of the North of England. Brown (M. W.), 1887. 

Coal in the South-east, Whitaker (W.), 1890. 

The coalfields of Gloucestershire and Somersetshire, and their 

resources. Anstie, J., 1873. 

Great Britain. Hull (E.), 1861, 73, '81. 

India. Coalbeds of the Nerbudda Valley, 1855, '56. India, p. 127. 

Coal resources and production of. India, 1868, p. 99. 

Nizam's dominions. Heenan, 1875. 

Japan. Yesso. Monroe, 1874. 

Lanarkshire, Upper Coalfield of. Proposed railway to connect it 
with Glasgow. Grainger and Miller, 1828. 

Lancaster, Vicinity of. Phillips (J.), 1837. 

Leicestershire, Geology of. Geological Survey, 1860 ; 

Hull (K), 1860. 
Leinster. Geological and Mining Report. 

Griffith (R.), Jun., 1814 ; Meadows, 1874. 

Loire, France. Gruner, 1847. 

Madras Presidency, 1855. India, p. 123. 

Missouri. Report, 1872. Missouri. 

Natal. Report. Natal, 1881. 

Newcastle Coalfields. Models illustrating the nature of stratifi- 
cation, valleys of denudation and succession of coal seams. 

SoPwiTH (T.), 1841, p. 225. 

Newcastle district. Synopsis of the several seams of Coal. 

BUDDLE, 1831. 
New Zealand. Mount Rochfort Coalfields. 

Wriqg (H.), 1868 ; New Zealand, 1868, p. 409. 

BuUer Coal Field, 1875. New Zealand, p. 409. 

Northumberland and Durham Coalfields. Sections of the Coal 
seams. Simpson (J. B.), 1877. 

Nova Scotia. Gilpin (E.), 1886. 

Coal from Springhill, co. Cumberland. Hartley (E.), 1870. 

Coals and Iron Ores of Picton county. Hartley (E.), 1870. 

Ohio (Southern). Hunt (T. S.), 1881. 

Pennsylvania. Bowen, 1848. 

Stratigraphy of the Bituminous Coal Field of Pennsylvania, 

Ohio and West Virginia. White (J. C), 1891. 

Visit to the coal Districts of. 

Cadell (H. M.), 1891. Add. 490. 



152 COAL FIELDS — GOAL MIN£». ' 

COAL FIELDS (Coal Measures) — continued, 

Peru. Coal and Mineral Resources of Peru. 

Lane (K), 1892. 

Punjab, 1859, '83. India, p. 129. 

Queensland. Bowen River Coalfield. Report. 

BowEN River, 1879. 

Coal Resources, Tenison-Woods, Rev. (J. E.), 1883. 

Rajore and Sasti. Report, 1872. Johnston (T. M. H.). 

Risca Colliery coalbeds. Report on them by Messrs. Dickinson, 
Wales and Cadman. RisCA Colliery, 1881. 

Sigrowli and Kurhurbari Coal Fields. Smith (D.), 1857. 

Somerset, East, and Bristol. 

Geological Survey, 1876 ; Woodward (H. B.), 1876. 

Spain. Catalonia and Asturias. Kensington, 1892. 

Staffordshire (South). Geological Survey, 1859 ; Jukes, 1859. 

Thick coal, Hughes (H. W.), 1885. 

Tasmania. Fingal and Mount Nicholas Coal Deposits. Report. 

FiNGAL, 1883. 
Texas. Report on Brown Coal and Lignite of. 

DuMBLE (E. T.), 1892. Add. 497. 

United States. Coal Reports, etc. United States, p. 342. 

Victoria Coal Fields. Reports on. 

Victoria, 1868, 72, 73, p. 375. 

Virginia and Kentucky. Geology of the Big Stone Gap coal 
field of. Campbell (M. R.), 1893. Add, 490. 

Virginia (West). Some coal measure sections near Peytona. 

Lyman (D. S.), 1894. Add. 517. 

Warwickshire. Geological Survey, 1859 ; Howell (H. H.), 

1859. 
Yorkshire. Geological Survey, 1878. 

Zwickauer Basin. Stratification of Coal Seams. Klotzer, 1852. 

COAL MINES (General References). ' 

Coal Pits and pitmen. Boyd (R. N.), 1892. 

Collieries. Bevan (G. P.). Industries, Vol. 2. 

Colliery Mineral Waters, concretion balls derived from. 

Andrews (T.), 1875, 1879. 
Organisation of labour. Ledoux, 1890. 

Probable exhaustion of our Coal Mines. Jevons, 1866. 

Projected measures for the defence of. Dodd, 1798. 

Reports of Inspectors of Coal Mines, 1851-60. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 
Report of Select Committee on Coal Mines, 1852. 

Parliamentary. Papers, p. 472. 

Use of Iron in lining shafts, etc., of mines of the Societe Cockerill 
at Seraing. Anonymous, 1880, p. 50. 



COAL MINES. 153 

COAL MINES (General References) — continued. 

Bascoup. Mechanical Sorting. Godeaux, 1885. Add. 503. 

— Stauss system of lowering. Demeure, 1887. Add. 496. 

Bess^ges, Compagnie Houilli^re de. Besseges, 1882. 

Belgium. Development of the Industry. 

Harz^, 1882 ; Burat, 1861. 

Canadian Frontier. Documents relating to the Coal Hills, 
Victoria and Bedford Mines on the. 

Canada, 1855. Add. 490. 

Chili. British Capital. Gana, 1889. 

Chili and Panama Coal Mines. Report. 

Wheelwright (W.), 1843. 

Colorado. Report of State Inspector. Colorado, 1887. 

Dean Forest Mining Commissioners' Award as to Coal mines, and 
the rules and regulations for working them. 

SoPWiTH (T.), 1841, p. 224. 

Dean Forest Collieries. Address to Miners. 

SopwiTH (T.), 1838, p. 225. 

Dombrowa Collieries. Paris, p. 457. 

Dortmund Amalgamation. Mulvany (W. T. and T. R.), 1882. 
Durham and Northumberland. Holmes (J. H. H.), 1816. 

Fort Payne Coal and Iron Company. Port Payne, 1888. 

France, 1859-75. Burat. 

Great Britain. Anonymous, 1841, p. 46. 

Heraclea (near). Nature and quantity of coal, 1854. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Hungary. Coal seams and Coal mining. 

Hantken, 1878. Add. 505. 

India. Ball (V.), 1881. Legislation and inspection. Doyle, 

1886. 

Lakadong in the Jynteah Hills, 1853. India, p. 122. 

Coal Mines at Thatay Khyoung, 1863. India, p. 132. 

Loire, basin of the. Coal Mines and Workshops. Laur, 1879. 

Mariemont and Bascoup Coal Mines Societies. Notice. 

Paris, 1889. Add. 525. 

Mons, en Hainaut. Bouhy, 1855. 

Mount Carbon Coal Mines, Illinois. Aston, 1841. 

Murchison Range. Guide. Sawyer (A. R.), 1892. 

New South Wales Collieries, Coalfields. 

SwiNNEY (A. J. G.), 1884. 

Mittagong. Fitzroy Coal Mines. Report on their present 

condition. Thomas (J. H.), 1859. 

New Zealand. Development, 1872. New Zealand. 

vol,. I. X 



154 COAL MINES. 

COAL MINES (General Rbfebences) — continued. 

Northumberland and Durham. Sketches. Hair, 1839. 

Queensland. Burrum Coal Mines. Burrum, 1878. 

Seaham Colliery. Report of Experiments made by F. Abel with 
samples of its dust. Seaham Colliery, 1880. 

Spain. The Asturias. Forster, Cooper and Jamieson, 1843. 

South Boghead Coal Mines. Reports on their Produce. 

South Boghead Coal Mines, 1857. 
United States. Ashburner, 1887; Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, 

p. 119. Western coast. Goodyear, 1877. 
Wales (North). Cae-Pen-Ty CoUiery. Butler (W. F.), 1880. 

Wednesbury (Great Western Railway), 1875. Great Western 
Ry, Wednesbury Coal Mines and the G. W. Rly. Reports 
and Correspondence relating to. Wednesbury Coal Mines, 

1875. 

COAL MINES (Accidents). 

Colliery Accident Funds in Great Britain. Return, 1893. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

Fire damp and accidents caused by it. Le Chatelier (H.), 1890. 

Limits of inflammability. Le Chatelier (H.), 1891. 

Report of Select Committee on best means of preventing the 
occurrence of dangerous accidents in Coal Mines, 1849. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 
Society for preventing Accidents in Coal Mines. Buddle, 1814. 

Baddesley Colliery. Reports on the accident of May 1, 1882. 

Baddesley Colliery. 
Brynmally Colliery at Moss. Accident at the PendwU Pit, 1889. 

Brynmally Colliery, 1889. 
Clay Cross Collieries, Accident, 1882. Clay Cross. 

Clifton Hall Colliery. Explosion in the Trencherborne Mine, 

1885. Clifton Hall. 

Gethin Colliery. Report on accident, 1863. Gethin. 

Hartley New Pit. Catastrophe, 1862. Reid (T. W.). 

Lanarkshire. Home Farm Colliery Inundation. Report, 1877. 

Home Farm. 
Morningside Colliery. Fatal accident to Thomas Brown. 

MORNINGSIDE, 1888. 

Ravenslodge, Dewsbury. Accident, Aug. 4th, 1892. 

Ravenslodge. 
South Shields Committee. Report on Accidents in Coal Mines. 

South Shields, 1843. 

Staffordshire, North. Coalfield. Accidents due to falls of roof 

and sides. Sawyer (A. R.), 1886. 



COAL MINESU 155 

COAL MINES (Boring). 

Clifton ColUery, Sinking of. Brown (J. M.), 1881. 

Dover. Co-relation of the Franco-Belgian, Dover, and Somerset 

Coamelds. Brady (F.), 1892. 

Eastern Counties Coal Boring and Development Syndicate. 
Geological Reports. Eastern Counties, 1893. 

Glasgow. Boring for Coal in the Green of. Cleland, 1822. 

Llanbradach. Sinking Appliances at. Galloway (W.), 1888. 

COAL MINES (Employment op Children). 

Employment of children in. United Kingdom. 

Anonymous, 1842, p. 42 ; Dupin, 1840. 

Report, 1842. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

COAL MINES (Explosions). Atkinson (W. N. and J. B.), 1886 ; 
Griffith (J.), 1867 ; Higson, 1878. Causes, prevention, 

or control. Blackwell (J. K.), 1853. 

Connection with the weather. Scott (R. H.), and Galloway, 1872, 

74. And the weather of 1885. Anonymous, 1886, p. 42. 

Explosions in Coal Mines. Atkinson (W. N. and J. B.), 1886. 

Prevention of Colliery explosions. Colwell, 1861, 1892. 

Report on the Gases and Explosions in Collieries, 1847. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Solution of Colliery Explosions. Morgans, 1887. 

Coal dust. Galloway (W.), 1887. Report of Royal Commission, 
1891-94. Report by H. HaU, 1893. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p^ 472. 

Firedamp and atlnospheric perturbations. Cornet, 1881. 

Explosions of firedamp. Gendebien, 1885. 

— - — Connected with Atmospheric depressions. Harz£, 1881. 

Fluctuations of Atmospheric Pressure on the evolution of 

fire-damp. Archduke Albert's Coal Mines, near 
Karwin, in Austrian Silesia. Karwin, 1886. 

History. Graves (H. G.), 1893. 

Note on the proportioning of fire-damp for the limits of 

inflammability. Lebreton (F.), 1894. Add. 515. 

Proposal for destroying the fire- and choak-damp of. 

Trotter (Dr. T.), 1805. 

Regulations in Belgium, England and Germany. 

Pernolet and Aguillon, 1881. 

Use of explosives in the presence of Firedamp in mines. 

North of England Institute, 1890. 

Dubois and Francois Machines. Clerc, 1883. 

Firedamp Detector. Garporth, 1884. 



Abercarne Colliery. Government Report on Inquest. 

Abercarne Colliery, 1879. 



156 COAL MINES. 

COAL MINES (Explosions)— cowfonucci. 

Abram Colliery. Abram, 1882. 

Altofts Colliery. Altopts, 1887. 

Apedale Explosion, 1885. Apedalb Colliery. 

Bamsley Collieries. Sudden outbursts of gas. 

Barnslet Collieries, 1879. 
Belgium. Explosions of fire damp. Belgium, 1880, p. 116. 

Blantyre Colliery. Explosion of Fire-damp. 

Blantyre Colliery, 1877, 1878, 1879. 

Second Explosion. Blantyre Colliery, 1879. 

Bunker's Hill. Explosion. Bunker's Hill Colliery, 1875. 

Camerton Colliery, explosion in the new pit, 1893. 

Camerton Colliery. 

Examination showing that Coal-Dust is an Explosire Agent. 

Stuart (D. M. D.), 1894. 
Crumbouke Mine, 1886. Explosion of Firedamp in. 

Bedford Colliery. 
Barley Main Colliery, 1849. Parley. 

Dean Lane CoUieiy Explosion. Dean Lane, 1887. 

Dinas Colliery Explosion. Dinas, 1879. 

Dukinfield Colliery Explosion, 1874. Dukinfield. 

Elemore Colliery. Explosion, Dec. 2, 1886. Elemore. 

Great Fenton Colliery, 1885. Great Fenton. 

Hale End Colliery, Sept. 6, 1884. Hale End, 1885. 

Hartley New Pit, 1862. Reid (T. W.). 

Haswell Collieries. Haswell, 1844, '45. 

Herbertshire Colliery Explosion. Report, 1893. Herbertshire. 
Hyde Colliery, 1889. Hyde Colliery. 

Jarrow Colliery Explosion, 1830. Buddle. 

Llanerch Colliery, Report. Llanerch, 1890. 

Mardy Colliery Explosion, 1886. Mardy Colliery. 

Mauricewood Colliery. Report on Explosion, 1890, 

Mauricewood. 
Morfa Colliery, Port Talbot. Explosion, March, 1890. 

MoRPA Colliery. 
Mossfields Colliery. Explosion, 1890. Mosspields Colliery. 

Newbottle Colliery, Durham, Explosion, June, 1885. Newbottle. 
Oaks Colliery, Report, 1867. Oaks Colliery. 

Oaks and Talk o' th' Hill Colliery. Reports, 1867. 

Oaks Colliery, Talk o' th' Hill. 
Penygraig Disaster, cause of the explosion. 

Galloway (W.), 1881. 

Colliery Explosion, 1881, '84. Penycraig. 

Pochin Colliery, Tredegar. Report, 1885. Pochin Colliery. 

Rhondda Valley Colliery, Reports on disaster at, 1893. 

Great Western Colliery. 



/ 



COAL MIKES. 157 

COAL MINES (Explosions) — continued, 

Eisca Colliery Explosion, 1881. Minutes of Evidence at the 
inquest and report by R. S. Wright. RisOA Colliery, 

Ryhope Colliery. Explosion of an air receiver, 1888. 

North of England Institute; Ryhope Colliery, 1883. 
St. Helen's Colliery Explosion. Report, 1888. 

St. Helen's Colliery. 

Seaham Colliery. Explosion, Sept. 8, 1880. Report, Minutes of 
Evidence, etc. Seaham Colliery, 1881. 

Swaithe Main Colliery Explosion, 1876. Report. 

SwAiTHE Colliery. 

Talk o' th' Hill Colliery Explosion, 1867. Report. 

Oaks Colliery, Talk o' th' Hill Colliery. 

Toivn Hill Colliery. Report on an Explosion at, 1884. 

Town Hill Colliery. 
Trimdon Grange Colliery. Explosion, Feb. 16, 1882. Report. 

Tbimdon Grange Colliery. 

Tudhoe Colliery. Report on the Explosion, April 18, '82, in the 

Brockwell Seam. Tudhoe Colliery. 

Udston Colliery. Report by J. Dickinson and Maconochie on 
Explosions at, 1887. XJdston Colliery, 1887. Report by 
R. Moore on the circumstances attending an Explosion at, 
1887. XJdston Colliery, 1888. 

Usworth Colliery Explosion, March, 1885. Report on, and 
Minutes of Evidence at Inquest. XJsworth Colliery. 

Victoria Colliery, Bruntcliffe. Report of an explosion at, 1878. 

Victoria Colliery. 

Wales (South). Albion Colliery Explosion. Report, 1894. 

Albion Colliery. Add. 480. 
Wallsend Colliery Explosion, 1835. Buddle. 

West Stanley Colliery Explosion, April 19, 1882. Report. 

West Stanley Colliery, 1882. 

Whitehaven Colliery Explosion on April 25, 1882. Report. 

Whitehaven Colliery, 1882. 

Whitfield CoUiery Explosion, Feb. 7, 1881. 

Whitfield Colliery. 

Ynyshir National Colliery. Report of Explosion on Feb. 18, 1887. 

Ynyshib National Colliery. 
COAL MINES (Legislation). 

Act for regulating the sale and delivery of Coals, 1831. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Bill for the relief of Colliery Tenants, 1888. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 472. 

Coal Mines Regulation Act. Reports of Select Committee, 
1853-54. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

Coal Mines Acts, 1872 and 1886. Bill to consolidate, 1887. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 



158 COAL MINES. 

COAL MINES (Legislation) — continued. 

Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887. Bill to extend the Act to the 
Iron Ore Mines of Cumberland and Lancashire. 

Cumberland, 1888. 

Keturn of Prosecutions, 1890. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

— — Bill to amend, 1891. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

Handbook of the law and leading cases. Fowler (J. C), 1872. 
Laws regulating the working. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1889. 

COAL MINES (Lighting). 

How to Ught a Colliery with Electricity. Walker (S. F.), 1892. 
Safety Lamps. Bagot (A. C), 1879; Belgium, 1843, p. 116; 

Davy (Sir H.), Works, vol. 6 ; Davy, 1818 ; Hall (T. Y.) ; 

Marsaut, 1883. Construction and comparative merits. 

Bagot (A. C), 1879. Magnetic fastening. Rappard, 1889. 

Experiments at Aldwarke Main Colliery, 1884. 

Midland Institute of . . Engineers. 

Priority of invention. Clanny, 1844. 

Davy's lamp demonstrated to be insecure by chemical experi- 

ments, and the perfect security of Upton and Roberts' 
new safety lamp proved. Upton (G.), and Roberts, 1833. 

Elvin Safety Lamp. Hemptinne, 1847. 

Marsaut Safety Lamp. Dickinson (J.), 1883. 

Miners* Safety Lamps. Marsaut, 1883, '84. 

Mueseler's and Dr. Reid Clanny's. Mueseler, 1843. 

Patent Safety Lamp. Yates (W.), 1870. 

COAL MINES (Valuation op). Hoskold, 1877; 

Lacretelle, 1870. 

COAL MINES (Ventilation). Brunton (W.), 1849. 

Furnace and Steam Jet. Their relative value in the ventilation 
of Coal Mines. Wood (N.), 1853. 

Plan for ventilating. Martin (John), 1849. 

South Staffordshire. Ventilation. Gibbons (B.), 1847. 

Treatise on the Gases met with in Coal Mines. 

Atkinson (J. J.), 1879. 

Ventilating and Working. Ramsay (J. A.), 1882. 

Ventilation. Principles and practice. Bagot (A. C), 1879, 1882 ; 

STRUVI6 (W. P.), 1852. 

COAL MINES (Working). Demanet, 1859. Coal working at a 
depth of less than 1000 meters. Devillez, 1859. Working 
and Ventilation. Hedlet, 1851. 

Belgium, France, Germany and England. Explanation of com- 
parative methods employed. Ponson, 1852-54, 1867. 



COAL MINES — COAL MINING. 159 

COAL MINES (WoRKUfo)— continued. 

Coal Mining Plant, Working Drawings. Povey-Harper. 

Coal Viewer and Engine Builder's Practical Companion. 

CuRR, 1797. 
Colliery Machinery. Percy (C. M.), 1890. 

Colliery Management. Hyslop, 1876. 

Colliery Manager's Handbook. Pamely, 1891. 

Colliery Manager's Pocket Book, 1876. Hutchings. 

Inspection. Boyd (R. N.), 1879. 

Liege district. Malherbe, 1863. 

Longwall method of Working. Garporth, 1885 ; Wain, 1892. 
Mechanical Engineering of Collieries. Percy (C. M.), 1885-6. 
New South Wales. Progress and report from Select Committee 

on Working of Collieries, etc., 1894. 

New South Wales. Add. 522. 
Screening, transport, etc. Danvers, 1872. 

Thompson's Inventions, Improvements, etc., in the combined 

practice of Colliery Engineer and General Manager, with 

discussion on the Coal Trade Regulations. 

Thompson (Ben), 1847. 
Winning and working of Collieries. Dunn (M.), 1852. 

COAL MINING. 

Coal and Coal Mining. Smyth (Sir W. W.), 1867, 72 ; 

Walton (T. H.), 1885. 
Glossary of Terms. Gresley, 1883. 

Haulage of Coal. Bainbridge, 1869. 

Underground haulage of Coal by Wire Ropes. 

Hildenbrand, 1884. 
Historical account. Edington, 1814. 

Mining Coal by Compressed Lime. Smith (Sebastian), 1882. 

Practical treatise. Andr6, G. G., 1875-76. 

Shot firing in Mines. Galloway (W.), 1888. 

Text Book. Hughes (H. W.), 1892. 

Theory and practice. Fowler (G.), 1870. 

Use of explosives. Krohn, 1893. 

Winding and Overwinding. Percy (C. M.), 1880. 

Belgium, since 1865. Dujardin-Bbaumetz, 1888. 

France, since 1865. Dujardin-Beaumetz, 1888. 

India, 1869. India, p. 99 ; Coal mining by blasting in the 
Bengal Coalfield. Doyle, 1885. 

Pennsylvania Coal-Waste Commission. Pennsylvania, 1893. 

United Kingdom. Relative dangers of Coal and Metal Mining 
in the United Kingdom. Foster (C. Le. N.), 1885. 

Great Britain. History. Galloway (R. L.), 1882. 

England, since 1865. Dujardin-Beaumetz, 1889. 



l^ coAt r.ui — ^OAt riLkse. 



3»-»rLToy rL 3.., L'?'?^. Add. 4M. 
P«*. P.^wmt «wi ? itiinf* if 0>ai Tar. 



X>vn«^.^»n. P-M^ '-vr A^ «iui Amezuied Acs Sk" idie aafe^ of Coal m 

Lmzitdo^ P> 235. 
Oiw*rT*tio!» *» tiie duty of 3eak<»rne GiaL I ^3 1. 



Lo^DOs;. p. i55. 

Co(W Tf;u»^ 'Port of I>>iuk»Lj BCL B^^ra man. die Seieet 
C*>Trirnit>>«, 1 %o^, LoxDoy. p^ f55. 

Armt»;ik( AVfTs%^ jtric^ yfsr V>a <]f the best eoaJs afi the sii^*s 
sikl^ in tiw: Port ol L^uioa, l^^l-^9. Lo3n)os^ pc 255. 

- l^xf^Mm fA Coalii. Hakdcm ( 1793). 



N^rgo" Y/>f k Ht;»i^« iTiiitnbfatiofi, daadcieatiQa and cost d diie i ed 
//7er fViffffr^^t rrmtes^. Xkw Tosk Szaxk, 1866. 

^V^jrtr»7rf»>i^)and «m1 Dnrhaaxi, Glossaoj of Terms. 

GREDrwEU. (G. C\ 1888. 
Oh»/^ hrvtsr^ TrAfixpfntstion fA CoaL Bogaki; 1892. 

Hh'iUPi (Lz/wer) nnd Westpbalia. Goal Indiistry. 

Xatosp, 1880. 
Vju'tiM Kiugfh/m. Msadk (R.), 1879. 

KvideiMje on the state of the Coal Tirade. Stkes (J.), 1829. 

Vjtif0Mifh Ga&dixbr (R.), 1796. 

Knf0Mtd And Wales. Report of Select Committee, 1800. 

Pabliamestaby. .Papers, p. 471. 
^ tUfpftri (A Select Committee, 1836. 

PABLiAMEirrABT. .Papers, p. 471. 
- - (kmi liritain and Ireland. Potts' Mining Register and 
Dirwiory for the Coal Trades, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 21. 

. (Jrmt Hritttin. Anonymous, 1841, p. 46. 

Wales (HciUth) Coal trade and its allied industries, 

WiLKiNs (C), 1888. 

H — Warwickshire and Staffordshire, Injury to, by the unequal 

charges on the Grand Junction Canal. Durell, 1845. 



GOAL STRIKES — COFFEBDAMS. 161 

COAL STRIKES. See Strikes. 

COASTS AND COAST WORKS. Cornaglia, 1888, '91. 

Coast erosion. Recent Enquiries into. 

BouRDiLLON (J. W.), 1886. Add. 486. 

Is the sea-shore free to all? Anonymous, 1884. Add. 48. 

Rights of the Crown and Privileges of the subject in the Sea- 
shores. Hall (R. G.), 1875. 

Baltic. Rising and Sinking of the Prussian Coasts. 

Hagen (G.), 1866. 

- Dune works on. Kraube, 1850. 

Belgium. Met, 1885. 

Dover (Straits of). Erosion of the coasts of, and the possibility 
of their protection. Marchal (ll), 1881. Add. 518. 

England, South Coast of. Alluvial formations and local changes. 

Redman (J. B.), 1854. 
England and Scotland. Survey. Collins (Capt. G.), 1693. 

England and Wales, erosion. British Association, 1886-88. 

France, Coasts of, their secular transformation. 

GiRARD (J.), 1881. Add. 503. 
France, Sea-shores of. Changes. 

GiRARD (J.), 1888. Add. 503. 
Swelling and Depression of the soil on the coasts. 

GiRARD (J.), 1876. Add. 503. 

Vibrations. Delesse, 1872. 

Ireland. Nautical Descriptions. Mackenzie (M.), 1776. 

Lengo and Barcola, Sea breach between. Rosenkart, 1860. 

Kew Jersey Coast, Beach protection. Littoral Movements of the, 

and jetty reaction. Haupt (L. M.), 1890. 

Norfolk Coast. Encroachments of the German Ocean. 

Hewitt (W.), 1844. Add. 507. 
Scotland. Orkney and Lewis Island. Mackenzie (M.), 1791. 

West Coasts and Western Islands. Mackenzie (M.), 1775. 

Yorkshire. Phillips (J.), 1853. 

See also Sea Defpnces. 

COBALT ORE. Flintshire. Foster (C. Le N.), 1881. 

COCO-NUT TREE. Natural and economical History. 

Marshall (H.), 1832. 

COFFERDAMS. Cofferdam or Caisson without timber or iron in 

its construction. Harris (R. L.), 1891. 

Description of a portable one adapted for the use of harbours and 

marine works in exposed positions. Stevenson (T.), 1858. 

Description of the Coffer Dam used at Davis Island Dam. 

Martin (W.), 1881. 
See also Caissons. 

vol. i. y 



162 t!0I17AQE — COLONIES. 

COINAGE. See Measures. 

COKE. 

Coke from Turf. Statement respecting the method and cost of 
producing. Vignolbs (C. B.), 1850. 

Heating properties of coke and coal compared. Pellatt (A.) [1 857]. 

Manufacture of, and collection of bye-products by the Simon- 
Carv^ process. Bbeckon, 1884. 

Preparation of, for the man^facture of cast iron. Cbace-Calyert. 

Use of improved, for obtaining increased strength of Cast Iron. 

Ceace-Calvekt, 1855. 
New South Wales. Beport on Manufacture of Coke. 

New South Wales, 1890, p. 401. 
Semet-Solvay Coke Oven, with recovery of bye-products. 

Demanet, 1890. 
COLD AND REFBIGEBATION. Oelwein, 1891. 

Artificial production of Ice and Cold. Paul (B. H.), 1869. 

Different systems of refrigeration. Perbot (S. de), 1893. 

Distribution in America. Gutebmuth, 1892. 

Freezing Process. Poetsch, 1886. 

Ice-making machines. Ledoux, 1879. 

Manufacture of Ice by the Bath process. Baoshawe, 1886. 

Mechanical Refrigeration of Air and its Applications. 

LiGHTPOOT, 1885. 

Mechanical Refrigeration. De la Yebgne, 1883. 

Preservation of Foods by Cold. Lightpoot, 1881 ; Postle, 1882. 

Refrigerating Machines. SchbOteb, 1887, '90. Pontifex 
Machines. Collingwood, Martin and Abbott, 1887. 

Theory of regelation. Le Chatelieb (H.), 1892. 

COLLEGES. See Univebsities, Colleges, Schools, etc. 

COLLISIONS AT SEA. Regulations for prevention. 

Gbay (T.), 1867. 
COLONIES. 

British Enterprise beyond the Sea. Bannisteb (S.), 1849. 

Colonial Questions pressing for uumediate solution. 

Magpie (R. A.), 1870. 
Colonies at home providing for the poor population of Ireland by 
the cultivation of the soil. Allen (W.), 1832. 

Colonies of the British Empire. History. Mabtin (R. M.), 1843. 
Emigration to British Colonies. Bate, 1862. 

England and her Colonies. Eboude, 1886. 

Imperial federation of Great Britain and her Colonies. 

Young (F.), 1876. 
Africa (South). Handbook. 

Silveb (S. W.) and Co., 1875, p. 199. 



COLONIES. 163 

COLONIES— cow^tViued. 

America (Central). Proposed Colony in the district of Black 
River on the North Coast of Central America* 

Black River, 1838. 

Australasia. Wallace (A. R.), 1893. Malaysia and the Pacific 
Archipelago. Guillemabd (F. H. H.), 1894. Add. 505. 

■ Guide to Australasia and itinerary to and in the colonies of 

Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, South 
Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, and New 
Zealand. Silver (S. W.) and Co., 1863, 1864, p. 199. 

Australia. Joubnet, 1885. Formation, progress, and present 
state. Fairfax, 1852. Present conditions and future 

prospects. Parkes (Sir H.), 1880. 

How to settle in Australia. Australia, 1848. 

Sidney's Australian handbook. Information to intending 

emigrants. Sidney (S. and J.), 1848. 

■ Twenty years' experience in. Australia., 1839. 

Year Book. Australia, 1886-90. 

Australia (South). Forster, 1866. 

South Australia Colony. An account. Sinnett (F.), 1862. 

South Australia Blue Books, 1889, &c. Revenue and Ex- 

penditure, 1867. Statistical Register, (fee, 1866. 

South Australia. 

South Australia : its history, etc. Stow (J. P.), 1883. 

History resources, productions. Harcus, 1876. 

Australia (Western). Fraseb, 1891 ; Hart (F.), 1893. Add. 505. 

Aboriginal Natives. Report of Committee. Western 

Australia, 1871. Information. Western Australia, 

1871, p. 422. 
— — Expedition from De Grey River to Port Darwin. Journal. 

Western Australia, 1880. 
British Guiana and Venezuela. Mathews, 1888. 

British Honduras. Morris (D.), 1883. 

California. Project for English middle and yeoman class colonies. 

Brereton, 1875. 
Canada, 1849 to 1859. Galt (A. T.), 1860. 

Handbook to the Dominion. Canada, 1883, p. 216. 

Handbook. Silver (S. W.) and Co., 1881, p. 199. 

-— Information for intending settlers. Canada, 1882, p. 216. 

Legislative Assembly Journal. Canada, 1858, p. 217. 

Overland Route through British North America : or the 

shortest road to the East. Waddinoton (A.), 1868. 

Quality of land. Pickbn, 1836. 

— — Recollections of Canada, Quebec. 

Carlile & Martindale, 1873. 

Report on, Canada. Tanner (H.), 1883. 



164 COLONIES. 

COIaONIEB— continued. 

Canada. Canadian Tourist. Canada, 1857. Add. 490. 

Canadian North West. Lornb, 1881 ; Tass^ (E.), 1882. 

Developed bj the Hudson Bay Route. 

Shelpord (W.), 1886. 

Cape Colony, Natal, Dutch Bepublics. Hall (Henry), F.R.G.S., 
1876. Oudtshoom Division. Report, 1877. Oudtshooen. 

Cape of Good Hope and its dependencies. Directory. 

Solomon (S.) and Co., 1883-6. 

EKstory, Productions and resources. Cape Colony, p. 220. 

Ceylon. An account of the island, etc. Tennent (Sir J. E.), 1 860. 
Eastern Province. Minute. Ward (Sir H. G.), 1856. 

Cyprus. Reports by H. M.'s High Commissioner, 1880-87. 

Cyprus. 

Reports to the Admiralty on the Anchorages. 

Cyprus, 1879. 

- Report on the Locust Campaign, 1883, 1886-7. Cyprus. 
French Colonies, 1870. France, p. 436. 
Hong Kong. Restrictions laid upon Chinese Merchants, 1881. 

Hong Kong, 1881. 
India. See Geography. 

Malta and its Industries. Zammit (N.), 1886. 

Manitoba. Chesson, 1872 ; Manitoba, 1882. Manitoba and the 
Great North West. Macoun, 1883. 

Melbourne, Old. Description of Cyc]orama, also Handbook to 
Aquarium, Picture Galleries, and Museum Collection in the 
Exhibition Buildings. Melbourne, 1894. Add. 519. 

Report on the Extension of Melbourne Westward. 

Melbourne, 1887. 

Moreton Bay, Queensland. Improvement of Northern portion. 

MoRETON Bay, 1877. 
Natal. HoLLiDAY, 1865. 

Address of the President of the Statistical Commission 

appointed to prepare a Guide Book to Natal. 

Shepstone (Sir T.), 1867. 

New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island. 

Monro (A.), 1855. 

New South Wales. Field (B.), 1825; Reid (G. H.), 1876; 
Walker (C), 1886. New South Wales, the oldest and 
richest of the Australian Colonies. Robinson (C), 1873 ; 
in 1881. Richards (T.), 1882. Photographs. New South 

Wales, p. 400. 

Aldine Centennial History. Morrison (W. F.), 1888. 

Blue Book, progress, resources, etc. 

New South Wales, 1876, ^83, '86, '91, p. 401. 



COLONIES. 165 

OOLOaillSB— continued. 

New South Wales. Expedition for the Exploration of the Country 
lying between Rockingham Bay and Cape York. 

Carron, 1849. 

Gazetteer and Road Guide. Whitworth (R. P.), 1866. 

Progress and Resources. Robinson (C), 1877. 

Sands' County Directory and Gazetteer for 1881-2. 

Tingle (J.), 1881. 

Voyage from New South Wales to the North Coast of 

Australia. Napier (F.), 1875. 

Wealth and Progress. Coghlan (T. A.), 1890-93. 

New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia ; their Pas- 

tures, Copper Mines and Goldfields. Sidney (S.), 1853. 

New Zealand. Reid (J. S.), 1883; Bradshaw (J.), 1883. 
Colonial Industries, 1873. New Zealand, p. 410. 

- Correspondence with the Agent-General, 1872-75. 

New Zealand, p. 408 
« Expediency of forming Settlements on the West Coast, 1868. 

New Zealand, p. 412. 
Handbook. Hector, 1883, '86 ; Vogel (Sir J.), 1885. 

■■ Import, Export and Shipping Returns, Customs Revenue, 
1870. New Zealand, p. 413. 

Introduction of Chinese Labour, 1872. New Zealand, p. 410. 

^^Parliamentary Debates, 1870. New Zealand, p. 410. 

Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History. 

HOGHSTETTER, 1867. 

■ Visit for the Examination of certain Lands there during 
1883-84. Sutter (A), 1887. 

New Zealand Company Report, 1 844. New Zealand, p. 41 3 . 

Ottawa Colonial Conference, Proceedings of, and Report by Earl 
of Jersey. Ottawa, 1894. Add. 524, 

Queensland the Progressive. White (J. C), 1870. Resources of. 

BoNWiCK, 1883. 
St. Helena,^ Description of the Island. Melliss, 1875. Geo^ 
graphical Plan of the Island and Forts. 

Read (R. P.), 1815. Add. 530. 
Sierra Leone. Report on the state of the Colony. 

iSiERRA Leone, 1803. 
Stewart's Island, N.Z. Papers and Reports. 

Stewart's Island, 1872. 
Tasmania. Products and Resources. Whiting (G.), 1862. 

Transvaal Handbook. Silver (S. W.) & Co., 1878, p. 200. 

Trinidad, a field for emigration. Clark (H. J.), 1886. 

Almanack. Guppy, 1869. 

Victoria. Aborigines, with notes on the natives of other parts of 
Australia and Tasmania. Smyth (R. B.), 1878. 



166 COLONIES — COLOUftS. 

COLONIES— co«<«nMed. 

Victoria, EKstory, Oeography, Climate, Government, etc. 

Levey, 1883. 

Internal Communication. Report of the Commission. 

Victoria, 1854, p. 375. 

- Report on its condition and progress since the discovery of 

the goldfields. Victoria, 1853, p. 375. 

Public Lands. Return of the extent of their sale and the 

amount realised. Victoria, 1858, p. 376. 

Victoria in 1854, with remarks on the geology of the Aus- 

tralian goldfields. Wathbn (G, H.), 1855. 

Victoria, Central America. The new British Colony. 

Victoria, C.A., 1840, p. 379. 

Wellington, N.Z* Calendar, Almanack, Directory, etc., for 1883. 

Wellington, N.Z., 1882. 

Winnipeg, Souvenir of. Winnipeg, 1884. 

COLONISATION. 

America. Proposed Railway Communication from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific in the territories of British North America. 

DouLL, 1851. 

Canada : extensive and systematic colonization. Doull, 1868. 

European, Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1886. 

India. Clarke (H.), 1857. 

COLOUR. 

Colour in churches, on walls and in windows. 

Sharpb (E.), 1871. 
Colour of thin transparent bodies. Jordan (C. W.), 1800. 

Light and Colour. Lectures. Spice (R.), 1889. 

Photochromoscope. Ives, 1894. 

Polychromatic Ornament of Italy. Adams (E.), 1849. 

Production of Colours. Young (Dr. T.), 1802. 

COLOUR BLINDNESS. Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1859. 

COLOUR VISION. Maxwell, 1871. Report of Commission, 1892. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

Circular to the Railway Companies, 1894. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

COLOURS. 

Coal Tar Colours, Chemistry of. Benedikt, 1886. 

Colours of the ^Spectrum. Maxwell, 1860. 

Discoveries relating to. Priestley, 1772. 

Light and Colours, Theory of. Young (Dr. T.), 1802. 

Theory of Compound Colours. Maxwell, 1860. 

Theory of the three primary colours. Maxwell, 1861. 



COMBUSTION — COMMERCE. 167 

COMBUSTION. FiCHET, 1874. 

Combustion, with special reference to practical requirements. 

Siemens (F.), [1887]. 

Combustion Products. Muller (F. C. G.), 1891. 

Luminous and Non-Luminous Combustion. 

Thwaitb (B. H.), 1891, p. 312. 

Mineral Combustibles, Italy. Jervis (W. P.), 1879. 

COMMERCE. 

Ancient. History and Principles. Gilbart, 1853 ; 

Lindsay, 1874. 

Association of Chambers of Commerce. United Kingdom, 

Association of 0. of C. 

Report of meeting at Huddersfield, Sept. 1894. 

Association of Chambers of Commerce, etc. Add. 482. 

British Chamber of Commerce, Paris. Law relative to the Resi- 
dence of Foreigners in France, 1893. Report, 1892. Report 
on Metals, 1876. Paris, p. 452. 

Duluth, Minnesota, Chamber of Commerce. Report, 1887. 

DULUTH. 

Dictionary. Sim^onds (P. L.), 1883. 

Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation. 

McCuLLOCH, 1837, '60, '67, '80. 

Guide. Anonymous, 1860-74, p. 40. 

Influence of, on the civilisation of ancient peoples and on their 
navies. Dupin, 1822. 

Inland Commerce in France. Rodet (D. L.), 1825. 

Mercantile Correspondence : French, English, and German. 

Vogel (C), 1885. 
Science and Commerce. Simmonds (P. L.), 1872. 

Tribunals of Commerce. Lyne, 1854. 

Belgian Commerce with foreign countries during the years 1831-7. 

Theuse de Meylandt ( — de). 
British Commerce. Handbook. Simmonds (P. L.), 1892. 

Statistics. Poole (B.), 1852. 

Commercial power of Great Britain. Dupin, 1825. 

Commerce in England and in France. Dupin, 1822. 

European. Oddt, 1805. 

France. Dupin, 1827. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Chambers of Commerce. 

Frankfort-on-Main, 1889. 
Hague. Chambers of Commerce, 1846. Hague. 

Mannheim. Chamber of Commerce. Mannheim, 1888. 

Mississippi River. Commerce. Morgan (G. H.), 1893. Add. 521. 



158 COAL MINES. 

COAL MINES (Legislation) — continued. 

Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887. Bill to extend the Act to the 
Iron Ore Mines of Cumberland and Lancashire. 

Cumberland, 1888. 

Return of Prosecutions, 1890. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

Bill to amend, 1891. Parliamentary, .Papers, p. 472. 

Handbook of the law and leading cases. Fowler (J. C), 1872. 
Laws regulating the working. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1889. 

COAL MINES (Lighting). 

How to Hght a Colliery with Electricity. Walker (S. F.), 1892. 

Safety Lamps. Bagot (A. C), 1879; Belgium, 1843, p. 116; 
Davy (Sir H.), Works, vol. 6 ; Davy, 1818 ; Hall (T. Y.) ; 
Marsaut, 1883. Construction and comparative merits. 
Bagot (A. C), 1879. Magnetic fastening. Raffard, 1889. 

Experiments at Aldwarke Main Colliery, 1884. 

Midland Institute of. .Engineers. 

Priority of invention. Clanny, 1844. 

Davy's lamp demonstrated to be insecure by chemical experi- 

ments, and the perfect security of Upton and Roberts' 
new safety lamp proved. Upton (G.), and Roberts, 1833. 

Elvin Safety Lamp. Hemptinne, 1847. 

Marsaut Safety Lamp. Dickinson (J.), 1883. 

Miners' Safety Lamps. Marsaut, 1883, '84. 

Mueseler's and Dr. Reid Clanny's. Mueseler, 1843. 

Patent Safety Lamp. Yates (W.), 1870. 

COAL MINES (Valuation of). Hoskold, 1877 ; 

Lacretelle, 1870. 

COAL MINES (Ventilation). Brunton (W.), 1849. 

Furnace and Steam Jet. Their relative value in the ventilation 
of Coal Mines. Wood (N.), 1853. 

Plan for ventilating. Martin (John), 1849. 

South Staffordshire. Ventilation. Gibbons (B.), 1847. 

Treatise on the Gases met with in Coal Mines. 

Atkinson (J. J.), 1879. 
Ventilating and Working. Ramsay (J. A.), 1882. 

Ventilation. Principles and practice. Bagot (A. C), 1879, 1882 ; 

STRUVjfe (W. P.), 1852. 

COAL MINES (Working). Demanet, 1859. Coal working at a 
depth of less than 1000 meters. Devillez, 1859. Working 
and Ventilation. Hedley, 1851. 

Belgium, France, Germany and England. Explanation of com- 
parative methods employed Ponson, 1852-54, 1867. 



COAL MINES — COAL MININO, 159 

COAL MINES (WoBKiso)— continued. 

Coal Mining Plant, Working Drawings. Povey-Harpeb. 

Coal Viewer and Engine Builder^s Practical Companion. 

Curb, 1797. 
CoUiery Machinery. Pebcy (C. M.), 1890. 

Colliery Management. Hyslop, 1876. 

ColUery Manager's Handbook. Pamely, 1891. 

Colliery Manager's Pocket Book, 1876. Hutchings. 

Inspection. Boyd (R. N.), 1879. 

Liege district. Malhebbe, 1863. 

Longwall method of Working. Gabpobth, 1885 ; Wain, 1892. 

Mechanical Engineering of Collieries. Pebcy (C. M.), 1885-6. 

New South Wales. Progress and report from Select Committee 

on Working of Collieries, etc., 1894. 

New South Wales. Add. 522. 
Screening, transport, etc. Danvebs, 1872. 

Thompson's Inventions, Improvements, etc., in the combined 

practice of Colliery Engineer and General Manager, with 

discussion on the Coal Trade Regulations. 

Thompson (Ben), 1847. 
Winning and working of Collieries. Dunn (M.), 1852. 

COAL MINING. 

Coal and Coal Mining. Smyth (Sir W. W.), 1867, 72 ; 

Walton (T. H.), 1885. 

Glossary of Terms. Gbesley, 1883. 

Haulage of Coal. Bainbbidqe, 1869. 

Underground haulage of Coal by Wire Ropes. 

Hildenbband, 1884. 
Historical account. Edinqton, 1814. 

Mining Coal by Compressed Lime. Smith (Sebastian), 1882. 

Practical treatise. Andb6, G. G., 1875-76. 

Shot firing in Mines. Galloway (W,), 1888. 

Text Book. Hughes (H. W.), 1892. 

Theory and practice. Fowleb (G.), 1870. 

Use of explosives. ICbohn, 1893. 

Winding and Overwinding. Pebcy (C. M.), 1880. 

Belgium, since 1865. Dujabdin-Beaumetz, 1888. 

France, since 1865. Dujabdin-Beaumetz, 1888. 

India, 1869. India, p. 99; Coal mining by blasting in the 

Bengal Coalfield. Doyle, 1885. 

Pennsylvania Coal-Waste Commission. Pennsylvania, 1893. 

United Kingdom. Relative dangers of Coal and Metal Mining 

in the United Kingdom. Fosteb (C. Le. N.), 1885. 

Great Britain. History. Galloway (R. L.), 1882. 

England, since 1865. Dujabdin-Beaumetz, 1889. 



160 COAL TAR — COAL TRADE. 

COAL TAR. 

Account of Specimens of Coal Tar products shown at the Exhibi- 
tion of the Philosophical Society, Glasgow, 1880. 

BouLTON (S. B.), 1882. Add. 486. 

Past, Present and Future of Coal Tar. 

Williams (Greville), 1883. Add. 539. 

COAL TRADE. Anonymous, 1830, p. 42 ; Anonymous, 1830, p. 45 ; 

Boyd (R. N.), 1892 ; Edinqton, 1814. 

Bess^/Sfes, Colliery Company. Provision for succour and assistance. 

Marsaut, 1889. 

Comparative commercial values of Gas-Coal and Cannels. 

Graham (D. A.), 1882. 
Cumberland (West). Fletcher (I.), 1878. 

London, Port of. Act and Amended Act for the sale of Coal in 
the Port of London, 1807. London, p. 255. 

Bye-laws for regulating Vessels laden with Coals, 1838. 

London, p. 255. 

' Observations on the duty of sea-borne Coal, 1831. 

London, p. 255. 

Coal Trade (Port of London) Bill. Reports from the Select 

Committee, 1838. London, p. 255. 

Annual average price per ton of the best coals at the ship's 

side in the Port of London, 1881-89. London, p. 255. 

Taxation of Coals. Hardie (1793). 

New York State. Distribution, classification and cost delivered 
over different routes. New York State, 1866. 

Northumberland and Durham. Glossary of Terms. 

Greenwell (G. C), 1888. 
Ohio River. Transportation of Coal. Bogart, 1892. 

Rhine (Lower) and Westphalia. Coal Industry. 

Natorp, 1880. 
United Kingdom. Meade (R.), 1879. 

Evidence on the state of the Coal Trade. Sykes (J.), 1829. 

England. Gardiner (R.), 1796. 

England and Wales. Report of Select Committee, 1800. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Report of Select Committee, 1836. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 471. 

Great Britain and Ireland. Potts* Mining Register and 

Directory for the Coal Trades, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 21. 

■ Great Britain. Anonymous, 1841, p. 46. 

Wales (South) Coal trade and its allied industries. 

WiLKiNS (C), 1888. 

Warwickshire and Staffordshire, Injury to, by the unequal 

charges on the Grand Junction Canal. Durell, 1845. 



COAL STRIKES — COFFERDAMS. 161 

COAL STRIKES. See Strikes. 

COASTS AND COAST WORKS. Cornaglia, 1888, *91. 

Coast erosion. Recent Enquiries into. 

BouRDiLLON (J. W.), 1886. Add. 486. 

Is the sea-shore free to all? Anonymous, 1884. Add. 48. 

Rights of the Crown and Privileges of the subject in the Sea- 
Shores. Hall (R. G.), 1875. 

Baltic. Rising and Sinking of the Prussian Coasts. 

Hagen (G.), 1866. 

- Dune works on. Krause, 1850. 

Belgium. Met, 1885. 

Dover (Straits of). Erosion of the coasts of, and the possibility 
of their protection. Marchal (L.), 1881. Add. 518. 

England, South Coast of. Alluvial formations and local changes. 

Redman (J. B.), 1854. 
England and Scotland. Survey. Collins (Capt. G.), 1693. 

England and Wales, erosion. British Association, 1886-88. 

France, Coasts of, their secular transformation. 

GiRARD (J.), 1881. Add. 503. 
France, Sea-shores of. Changes. 

GiRARD (J.), 1888. Add. 503. 
Swelling and Depression of the soil on the coasts. 

GiRARD (J.), 1876. Add. 503. 

Vibrations. Delesse, 1872. 

Ireland. Nautical Descriptions. Mackenzie (M.), 1776. 

Lengo and Barcola, Sea breach between. Rosenkart, 1860. 

New Jersey Coast, Beach protection. Littoral Movements of the, 

and jetty reaction. Haupt (L. M.), 1890. 

Norfolk Coast. Encroachments of the German Ocean. 

Hewitt (W.), 1844. Add. 507. 
Scotland. Orkney and Lewis Island. Mackenzie (M.), 1791. 

West Coasts and Western Islands. Mackenzie (M.), 1775. 

Yorkshire. Phillips (J.), 1853. 

See also Sea Defences. 

COBALT ORE. Flintshire. Foster (C. Le N.), 1881. 

COCO-NUT TREE. Natural and economical History. 

Marshall (H.), 1832. 

COFFERDAMS. Cofferdam or Caisson without timber or iron in 

its construction. Harris (R. L.), 1891. 

Description of a portable one adapted for the use of harbours and 

marine works in exposed positions. Stevenson (T.), 1858. 

Description of the Coffer Dam used at Davis Island Dam. 

Martin (W.), 1881. 
See also Caissons. 

VOL. I. Y 



1 62 COmAQE — COLONIES. 

COINAGE. See Measures. 

COKE. 

Coke from Turf. Statement respecting the method and cost of 
producing. Vignolbs (C. B.), 1850. 

Heating properties of coke and coal compared. Pellatt (A.) [1 857]. 

Manufacture of, and collection of bye-products by the Simon- 
Carv^ process. Bbeckon, 1884. 

Preparation of, for the manufacture of cast iron. Crace-Calvbbt. 

Use of improved, for obtaining increased strength of Cast Iron. 

Cbace-Calvebt, 1855. 
New South Wales. Report on Manufacture of Coke. 

New South Wales, 1890, p. 401. 
Semet-Solvay Coke Oven, with recovery of bye-products. 

Demanet, 1890. 
COLD AND REFRIGERATION. Oelwein, 1891. 

Artificial production of Ice and Cold. Paul (B. H.), 1869. 

Different systems of refrigeration. Pbbbot (S. de), 1893. 

Distribution in America. Gutebmuth, 1892. 

Freezing Process. Poetsch, 1886. 

Ice-making machines. Lbdoux, 1879. 

Manufacture of Ice by the Bath process. Bagshawe, 1886. 

Mechanical Refrigeration of Air and its Applications. 

LiGHTPOOT, 1885. 

Mechanical Refrigeration. De la Yebgne, 1883. 

Preservation of Foods by Cold. Lightpoot, 1881 ; Postlb, 1882. 

Refrigerating Machines. Schb5teb, 1887, '90. Pontifex 

Machines. Collingwood, Martin and Abbott, 1887. 

Theory of regelation. Le Chatelieb (H.), 1892. 

COLLEGES. See Univebsities, Colleges, Schools, etc. 

COLLISIONS AT SEA. Regulations for prevention. 

Gbay (T.), 1867. 
COLONIES. 

British Enterprise beyond the Sea. Bannisteb (S.), 1849. 

Colonial Questions pressing for immediate solution. 

Magpie (R. A.), 1870. 
Colonies at home providing for the poor population of Ireland by 
the cultivation of the soil. Allen (W.), 1832. 

Colonies of the British Empire. History. Mabtin (R. M.), 1843. 
Emigration to British Colonies. Bate, 1862. 

England and her Colonies. Fboude, 1886. 

Imperial federation of Great Britain and her Colonies. 

Young (F.), 1876. 
Africa (South). Handbook. 

Silveb (S. W.) and Co., 1875, p. 199. 



COLONIES. 163 

COLONIES— con^wwed. 

America (Central). Proposed Colony in the district of Black 
River on the North Coast of Central America* 

Black River, 1838. 

Australasia. Wallace (A. R.), 1893. Malaysia and the Pacific 
Archipelago. Guillemabd (F. H. H.), 1894. Add* 505. 

■ Guide to Australasia and itinerary to and in the colcmies of 

Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, South 
Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, and New 
Zealand. Silver (S. W.) and Co., 1863, 1864, p. 199. 

Australia. Joubnet, 1885. Formation, progress, and present 
state. Fairfax, 1852. Present conditions and future 

prospects. Parkes (Sir H.), 1880. 

How to settle in Australia. Australia, 1848. 

Sidney's Australian handbook. Information to intending 

emigrants. Sidney (S. and J.), 1848. 

Twenty years' experience in. Australia., 1839. 

Year Book. Australia, 1886-90. 

Australia (South). Forsteb, 1866. 

South Australia Colony. An account. SmNETT(F.), 1862. 

South Australia Blue Books, 1889, <kc. Revenue and Ex- 

penditure, 1867. Statistical Register, (fee, 1866. 

South Australia* 

South Australia : its history, etc. Stow (J. P.), 1883. 

History resources, productions. Harcus, 1876. 

Australia (Western). Fraseb, 1891 ; Hart (F.), 1893. Add. 505. 

Aboriginal Natives. Report of Committee. Western 

Australia, 1871. Information. Western Australia, 

1871, p. 422. 
— — Expedition from De Grey River to Port Darwin. Journal. 

Western Australia, 1880. 
British Guiana and Venezuela. Mathews, 1888. 

British Honduras. Morris (D.), 1883. 

California. Project for English middle and yeoman class colonies. 

Brereton 1875 
Canada, 1849 to 1859. Galt (A. T.)] 186o! 

Handbook to the Dominion. Canada, 1883, p. 216. 

Handbook. Silver (S. W.) and Co., 1881, p. 199. 

•— Information for intending settlers. Canada, 1882, p. 216. 

Legislative Assembly Journal. Canada, 1858, p. 217. 

Overland Route through British North America : or the 

shortest road to the East. Waddington (A.), 1868. 
Quality of land. Pigken, 1836. 

Recollections of Canada, Quebec. 

Carlile & Martindale, 1873. 

Report (m, Canada. Tanner (H.), 1883. 



164 COLONIES. 

COLONIES— confmtt«c?. 

Canada. Canadian Tourist. Canada, 1857. Add. 490. 

Canadian North West. Lornb, 1881 ; Tass^ (E.), 1882. 

Developed by the Hudson day Route. 

Shelford (W.), 1886. 

Cape Colony, Natal, Dutch Republics. Hall (Henry), F.R.G.S., 

1876. Oudtshoom Division. Report, 1877. Oudtshoobn. 

Cape of Good Hope and its dependencies. Directory. 

Solomon (S.) and Co., 1883-6. 

History. Productions and resources. Cape Colony, p. 220. 

Ceylon. An account of the island, etc. Tennbnt (Sir J. E.), 1860. 
Eastern Province. Minute. Ward (Sir H. G.), 1856. 

Cyprus. Reports by H. M.'s High Commissioner, 1880-87. 

Cyprus. 

Reports to the Admiralty on the Anchorages. 

Cyprus, 1879. 

Report on the Locust Campaign, 1883, 1886-7. Cyprus. 

French Colonies, 1870. France, p. 436. 

Hong Kong. Restrictions laid upon Chinese Merchants, 1881. 

HoNQ Kong, 1881. 
India. See Geography. 

Malta and its Industries. Zammit (N.), 1886. 

Manitoba. Chbsson, 1872 ; Manitoba, 1882. Manitoba and the 
Great North West. Macoun, 1883. 

Melbourne, Old. Description of Cyc]orama, also Handbook to 
Aquarium, Picture Galleries, and Museum Collection in the 
Exhibition Buildings. Melbourne, 1894. Add. 519. 

Report on the Extension of Melbourne Westward. 

Melbourne, 1887. 
Moreton Bay, Queensland. Improvement of Northern portion. 

Moreton Bay, 1877. 
Natal. HoLLiDAY, 1865. 

Address of the President of the Statistical Commission 

appointed to prepare a Guide Book to Natal. 

Shepstone (Sir T.), 1867. 

New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island. 

Monro (A.), 1855. 

New South Wales. Field (B.), 1825; Reid (G. H.), 1876; 
Walker (C), 1886. New South Wales, the oldest and 
richest of the Australian Colonies. Robinson (C), 1873 ; 
in 1881. Richards (T.), 1882. Photographs. New South 

Wales, p. 400. 

Aldine Centennial History. Morrison (W. P.), 1888. 

Blue Book, progress, resources, etc. 

New South Wales, 1876, '83, '86, '91, p. 401. 



COLONIES. 165 

COLONIES— cow/twMeci. 

New South Wales. Expedition for the Exploration of the Country 
lying between Bockingham Bay and Cape York. 

Carron, 1849. 

Gazetteer and Boad Guide. Whitworth (R. P.), 1866. 

Progress and Resources. Robinson (C), 1877. 

Sands' County Directory and Gazetteer for 1881-2. 

Tingle (J.), 1881. 

Voyage from New South Wales to the North Coast of 

Australia. Napier (F.), 1875. 

Wealth and Progress. Coghlan (T. A.), 1890-93. 

New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia ; their Pas- 

tures, Copper Mines and Goldfields. Sidney (S.), 1853. 

New Zealand. Reid (J. S.), 1883; Bradshaw (J.), 1883. 
Colonial Industries, 1873. New Zealand, p. 410. 

- Correspondence with the Agent-General, 1872-75. 

New Zealand, p. 408 
•— Expediency of forming Settlements on the West Coast, 1868. 

New Zealand, p. 412. 
Handbook. Hector, 1883, '86 ; Vogel (Sir J.), 1885. 

Import, Export and Shipping Returns, Customs Revenue, 

1870. New Zealand, p. 413. 

Introduction of Chinese Labour, 1872. New Zealand, p. 410. 

^^Parliamentary Debates, 1870. New Zealand, p. 410. 

Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History. 

HOCHSTETTER, 1867. 

■ Visit for the Examination of certain Lands there during 
1883-84. Sutter (A.), 1887. 

New Zealand Company Report, 1 844. New Zealand, p. 41 3 . 

Ottawa Colonial Conference, Proceedings of, and Report by Earl 
of Jersey. Ottawa, 1894. Add. 524, 

Queensland the Progressive. White (J. C), 1870. Resources of. 

BoNwiCK, 1883. 
St. Helena,^ Description of the Island. Melliss, 1875. Geo-* 
graphical Plan of the Island and Forts. 

Read (R. P.), 1815. Add. 530. 
Sierra Leone. Report on the state of the Colony. 

iSiERRA Leone, 1803. 
Stewart's Island, N.Z. Papers and Reports. 

Stewart's Island, 1872. 
Tasmania. Products and Resources. Whiting (G.), 1862. 

Transvaal Handbook. Silver (S. W.) & Co., 1878, p. 200. 

Trinidad, a field for emigration. Clark (H. J.), 1886. 

Almanack. Guppy, 1869. 

Victoria. Aborigines, with notes on the natives of other parts of 
Australia and Tasmania. Smyth (R. B.), 1878. 



1 66 COLONIES — COLOUfeS. 

COLONIES— con/mwed. 

Victoria. History, Geography, Climate, Government, etc. 

Levey, 1883. 

Internal Communication. Report of the Commission. 

Victoria, 1854, p. 375. 

Report on its condition and progress since the discovery of 

the goldfields. Victoria, 1853, p. 375. 

Public Lands. Return of the extent of their sale and the 

amount realised. Victoria, 1858, p. 376. 

Victoria in 1854, with remarks on the geology of the Aus- 

tralian goldfields. Wathen (G. H.), 1855. 

Victoria, Central America. The new British Colony. 

Victoria, C.A., 1840, p. 379. 

Wellington, N.Z, Calendar, Almanack, Directory, etc., for 1883. 

Wellington, N.Z., 1882. 

Winnipeg, Souvenir of. Winnipeg, 1884. 

COLONISATION. 

America. Proposed Railway Communication from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific in the territories of British Korth America. 

DouLL, 1851. 

Canada : extensive and systematic colonization. Doull, 1868. 

European. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1886. 

India. Clarke (H.), 1857. 

COLOUR. 

Colour in churches, on walls and in windows. 

Sharpb (E.), 1871. 

Colour of thin transparent bodies. Jordan (C. W.), 1800. 

Light and Colour. Lectures. Spice (R.), 1889. 

Photochromoscope. Ives, 1894. 

Polychromatic Ornament of Italy. Adams (E.), 1849. 

Production of Colours. Young (Dr. T.), 1802. 

COLOUR BLINDNESS. Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1859. 

COLOUR VISION. Maxwell, 1871. Report of Commission, 1892. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 
Circular to the Railway Companies, 1894. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 472. 

COLOURS. 

Coal Tar Colours, Chemistry of. Benedikt, 1886. 

Colours of the ^Spectrum. Maxmtell, 1860. 

Discoveries relating to. Priestley, 1772. 
Light and Colours, Theory of. Young (Dr. T.), 1802. 

Theory of Compound Colours. Maxwell, 1860. 

Theory of the three primary colours. Maxwell, 1861. 



COMBUSTION — COMMERCE. 1 67 

COMBUSTION. FiCHBT, 1874. 

Combustion, with special reference to practical requirements. 

Siemens (F.), [1887]. 

Combustion Products. Mulleb (F. C. G.), 1891. 

Luminous and Non-Luminous Combustion. 

Thwaitb (B. H.), 1891, p. 312. 

Mineral Combustibles, Italy. Jebvis (W. P.), 1879. 

COMMERCE. 

Ancient. History and Principles. Gilbabt, 1853 ; 

Lindsay, 1874. 

Association of Chambers of Commerce. United Kingdom, 

Association of C. of C. 

Report of meeting at Huddersfield, Sept. 1894. 

Association op Chambers of Commerce, etc. Add. 482. 

British Chamber of Commerce, Paris. Law relative to the Resi- 
dence of Foreigners in France, 1893. Report, 1892. Report 
on Metals, 1876. Pabis, p. 452. 

Duluth, Minnesota, Chamber of Commerce. Report, 1887. 

DULUTH. 

Dictionary. Sim^onds (P. L.), 1883. 

Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation. 

McCuLLOCH, 1837, '60, '67, '80. 
Guide. Anonymous, 1860-74, p. 40. 

Influence of, on the civilisation of ancient peoples and on their 
navies. Dupin, 1822. 

Inland Commerce in France. Rodet (D. L.), 1825. 

Mercantile Correspondence : French, English, and German. 

VoGEL (C), 1885. 
Science and Commerce. Simmonds (P. L.), 1872. 

Tribunals of Commerce. Lyne, 1854. 

Belgian Commerce with foreign countries during the years 1831-7. 

Theuse de Meylandt ( — de). 
British Commerce. Handbook. Simmonds (P. L.), 1892. 

Statistics. Poole (B.), 1852. 

Commercial power of Great Britain. Dupin, 1825. 

Commerce in England and in France. Dupin, 1822. 

European. Oddy, 1805. 

France. Dupin, 1827. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Chambers of Commerce. 

Frankport-on-Main, 1889. 
Hague. Chambers of Commerce, 1846. Hague. 

Mannheim. Chamber of Commerce. Mannheim, 1888. 

Mississippi River. Commerce. Morgan (G. H.), 1893. Add. 521. 



1 68 COMMERCE — COMPASS. 

COMMER CE— continued. 

Nova Scotia. Chamber of Commerce. Report, 1877, 79. 

Nova Scotia. 
Philadelphia. Report. Philadelphia, 1880, p. 34. 

Prince of Wales's Island, Singapore and Malacca. 

Prince of Wales's Island, 1857. 

Rouen. Chamber of Commerce, 1849-52. Mire, 1853. 

Swansea, the commercial centre of S. Wales. Swansea, 1881. 

Switzerland. Manufactures of. Switzerland, 1836. Report on 

commerce. Bowring (J.), 1836. App. 549. 

United States. Inter-state Commerce. Fink, 1882, '85. 

Inter-State Commerce Bill. Broughton (F.), 1886. 

United States Commerce as related to that of other countries. 

Bates (W. W.), 1893. Add. 484. 

Reports, Commercial Relations, etc. United States, p. 343. 

See also Arts and Manufactures, Industries, Manufactures, 
Trade. 

COMMISSIONS. Commissions, mercantile and professional. Pub- 
lished Correspondence on. Storr (J. S.), 1877. 

COMMONS AND WASTE LANDS. Elton, 1868. 

COMPANIES. 

Act for Consolidating Acts on the Constitution of Companies, 
1845. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 473. 

Companies Act and Amended Act, 1862, 67. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 473. 
Report of Registrar of Joint Stock Companies, 1846. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 473. 
Return of Joint Stock Companies, 1846. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 473. 
See also Chartered Companies. 

COMPANIES (City). London. Carpenters' Company. Jupp, 1848. 

COMPASS (Magnetic). Allen, T. (1855). 

Compass. Historical, theoretical and practical. 

Wilson-Barker (D.), 1892. 
Application of " Native Alloy " for the pivots of Magnetic 
Compasses. Johnson (E. J.), 1840. 

Azimuth (Patent) and Steering Compass, invented by Dent. 

Dent, 1844j Dent, 1844. App. 554. 

Compass Adjustment. Le Couteur, 1893. 

Daily variation of the horizontal and dipping needles under a 

reduced directive action. Barlow (P.), 1823. App. 547. 

Declination and inclination of the Magnetic Needle. Lorimer, 1795. 



COMPASS — CONCRETE. 169 

COMPASS (Magnetic) — continued. 

Deviations of the Compass. Madamet, 1882. 
on shipboard. Barlow (P.), 1824. 

necessity for ascertaining the Deviations of the Compass. 

Johnson (E. J.), 1852 ; Scoresby (W.), 1822. 

Diurnal deviations of the Horizontal Needle when under the 
influence of Magnets. Christie (S. H.), 1823. App. 552. 

Iron. Compass in Iron Ships. Airy, Sir G. B., 1866, p. 16 ; 
Scoresby (W.), 1854. Magnetical errors. Airy, Sir G. B. 

(1865), p. 19 ; Fairbairn (Sir W.), etc., p. 404. 

Magnetism of Iron Ships. Airy, Sir G. B. 1865, p. 17. 

Various ways in which it affects the Compass. Lyons, 1884. 

Bules for ascertaining the Deviations of the Compass caused 

by the iron of a ship. Anonymous, 1852, 1855, p. 52. 

Johnson and the Mariner's Compass. 

Johnson (Capt. E. J.), 1848. App. 563. 

Liverpool Compass Committee. Report. 

Liverpool, 1857-61, p. 246. 

Magnetic Needle and the Aurora Borealis. Combined motions of. 

Broun (J. A.), 1850. 

Use of the magnetic needle in exploring for iron ore. 

Brodgh, 1887. 

Magnetic Variation of the Needle. Fenwick (T.), 1861. 

Meridional and azimuth compass. Walker (Ralph), 1794. 

COMPENSATION. Law of Compensations under the Lands and 
Railways Clauses Acts. Wordsworth (C. F. F.), 1863. 

CONCRETE. Combination of Iron and Concrete for Building 

purposes. Edwards (F. G.), 1891, *94. 

Essay. Treussart (Gen.), etc., 1842. 

Formation of Concrete. Hawkins (J. I.), 1843. 

Lining a Waterworks Tunnel with Concrete. 

Fitzgerald (D.), 1894. Add. 500. 

Manufacture of Concrete. Remarks on its application to the 
construction of gasholder tanks. 

Sandeman (J. W.), 1877. Add. 532. 

Nature and Properties of, Godwin, 1836. 

Nature and Uses. Sutclippe (G. L.), 1893. 

Newhaven Fort, Concrete Revetments built at. 

Ardagh (J. C), 1866. Add. 481. 

Portland Cement Concrete, combined with Iron, as a Building 

Material. Hyatt, 1877. 

Use in BuQding. Potter (T.), 1877. 

Used in the late extension of the London Docks. 

Robertson (G.), 1860. 
Works in Concrete. Newman (J.), 1887, p. 194. 

vol. i. z 



170 CONCRETE BUILDINGS, ETC. — COPPER. 

CONCRETE BUILDINGS, WALLING, Etc. Appliances for 
erecting all classes of. Broughton (T.), 1876. Buildings 

in Concrete. Drake (C), 1874. Add. 497. 

CONCRETE MIXERS. 

Doable Cone Mixing Machine for Concrete, etc. 

Taylor (R. H.), 1889. 

Rotary Washing or Mining Machine for Sand and other materials. 

Taylor (R. H.), 1885. 

CONSERVATORIES, Arrangement of. Burn (R. S.), 1860. 

CONSPIRACY (Treasonable), Ireland. Report of Committee of 
Secrecy, 1799. Ireland, p. 140. 

CONSTRUCTION, Economics of. Bow, 1873 ; Gonin (E.), 1877. 

Mechanical principles of construction. Moseley, 1863. 

Theory applied to the practice of Construction. 

Wray (H.), 1872, '91. 
See also Building. 

CONSULAR GOVERNMENT. 

Consular Government between France, England, Italy, Germany 
and Switzerland. D'lvemois (Sir F.), 1803. Add. 497. 

CONSULAR REPORTS. 1866, 1870-86, 1882-86, 1886, etc. 

PARLiAMENTfRY . . Papers, p. 473. 

Commercial Reports by H.M. Consuls in China, 1878-83. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 473. 

CONTRACTS. 

Cost of Contract and day's work. McKie (H. U.), 1859. 

Law of contracts for work and services. Gibbons (D.), 1857. 

COOKERY. 

Cooking by Gas. Denny, 1881. 

Scientific Basis, Cantor Lectures. Williams (W. M.), 1884. 

CO-OPERATION. Middlesbrough Co-operative Scheme of Fox, Head 
and Co., Newport Rolling Mills, 1871-73. Fox, Head & Co. 

CO-OPERATIVE STORES. Retail traders and Stores. 

Head (J.), 1872. 
COPPER. 

Bessemerizing Copper Mattes. Eoleston, 1885. 

Chemistry and Metallurgy. Piogot, 1858. 

Commercial Copper obtained from Enargite. Eoleston, 1882. 

Copper Alloys. Storeb (F. H.), 1860. 



COPPER — COPPER WORKS. 171 

COFFER— continued. 

Copper Extraction as carried on in the South of Spain. 

TJrquhart (M. a. p.), 1887. 

Copper manufacture. Sopwith (T.) and Richardson, 1864. 

Metallurgy. Lamborn, 1860 ; Percy (J.), [1861]. 

Preservation of, in sea- water. Beoquerel (A. C), 1864. 

Use of Copper by the Ancients. Ritchie (R.)> 1852. 

Separation of Silver and Gtold from black Copper at Oker. 

Eoleston, 1885. 

Treatment of Copper Slates at Mansfeldt. Egleston, 1891. 

Weight of seamless Copper Tubes. Broughton Copper Co., 1874. 

Working Sheet Copper into all forms. Fuller (J.), 1894. 

Cornish Copper Mines. Statement of the accounts of, for the last 
ten months of 1799. Vivian (J.). 

Cwm Avon. Reports on the Works at. 

Company of Copper Mines in England, 1870. Add. 493. 

Lake Superior, Copper-bearing rocks of. Irving (R. D.), 1883. 

Spain and Portugal. Copper Mines. Rieken, 1857. 

United States. Reyer, 1886. 

COPPER ORES, Treatment op. 

Copper Ore from Airthrey in Stirlingshire. Chemical Analysis. 

Thomson (T.), 1807. 

Low Grade Copper Ores. Economic Treatment of. 

Collins (J. H.), 1893. Add. 493. 

Maidanpec wet process for the reduction of certain poor cupreous 
ores. Symons (B.), 1884. 

COPPER SMELTING. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 1; 
Clarke (H.), 1858 ; Howe (H. M.), 1885. Swansea district. 
Grant-Francis, 1867, 1881. Basic Process as applied to. 

Gilchrist (P. C), 1891. 
American method of Smelting Copper. Peters (E. D.), 1887. 

Proceedings of subscribers to the Fund for obviating the incon- 
venience arising from the smoke. 

Vivian (J.) and Sons, 1800. 

Tables showing the difference of the standard at which Copper 
Oresof various provinces usually sell in Cornwall. Davby, 1845. 

Tables showing the prices of ores of different produces. 

Edsall, 1854. 

COPPER TRADE. Tables. Provis (J.), 1832. 

United Kingdom. Report of Committee, 1800. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 473. 

COPPER WORKS. Point Shu-ley [U.S.]. Egleston, 1886. 



17^ COPYHOLDS — CORN. 

COPYHOLDS. Episcopal Copyholds Co., Durham. Report on the 
case of Shafto «. Bolckow, etc. Shafto, 1888. 

COPYRIGHT, LAW OF. Godson, 1823. Analysis. 

Newton (A. V.), 1884. 

Copyright of Designs. Spence (William), 1847. 

Petition against a bill to amend the law relating to. 

Anonymous, 1840, p. 52. 

Question concerning literary property. Millar v. Taylor. 

Burrow, 1773. 

Speech on Talfourd*s Bill for the Extension of Copyright, 1841. 

Macaulay. 

CORAL REEFS. Geological Observations. Darwin, 1851. 

CORALS. 

Coral Islands. Dana (J. D.), 1879. 

Wonders of Coral Life. Ick, 1882. 

CORDAGE. 

Lnproved Cordage. Ayckbourn, 1890. 

Improvement in manufacture. Huddart, 1804. 

Inventions in the manufacture. Cotton (W.), 1855. 

Manufacture of. Chapman (W.), 1808, p. 243. 

CORKl. Application of the mechanical properties of, to the Arts. 

Anderson (W.), 1866. 
CORN. 

France. Advantages that the province of Languedoc has for pre- 
serving its grain. Parmentier, 1786. 

Growth of com, use of oats, &c, Hibbard, 1793. 

Microscopical examination of wheat and flour. Arambubu, 1883. 

Prices and fluctuations of Grain, in France and England, 1816-41. 

Rawson (R. W.). 

St. Petersburg Seaport. Cost of transport. Sytenko, 1886. 

Transport of Com in South Russia. Pontzen, 1891. 

CORN. Milling. Pappenheim, 1878; Wiebe (F. K. H.), 1861. 

Mill Building. Saldini, 1878. 
Application of Frictional Electricity to the Purification of 
Middlings. Grimshaw, 1882. 

Flour manufacture. Milling Science and Practice. 

Kick, 1873, 1888. 
Hydraulic Corn Mills. Fabre, 1783. 

Machines and Apparatus. Kick, 1873. 

Memoir on the millers' and bakers' trade, and the preservation of 

grain and flour. Rollbt (A.), 1847. 



CORN — COTTON. 173 

CORN — continued. 

Miller and constructor of mills. Benoit, 1863. 

Millers', Millwrights' and Engineers' Guide. Pallett, 1869. 

Modern flour mill Insurance. Simon (H.), 1890. 

Modern Milling. Grimshaw, 1881. 

National Association of British and Irish Millers Reports, 1885-89. 

National Association. 

Power of water applied to drive Flour Mills. Glynn, 1853. 

Prevention and extinction of Fires in Flour Mills. 

Chatterton (A.), 1888. 

Roller Flour milling. Simon (H.), 1886, 1891, 1892. 

American Com Milling. Anonymous, 1832, p. 41. 

American Millwright and Miller. Craik, 1877. 

American Miller and Millwright's Assistant. 

Hughes (W. C), 1851, '66. 

France, and new applications in Foreign Milling. Kremer, 1881. 

Germany. Com Mills. Aramburu, 1885. 

Norwich. Mylnb (R.), 1789. 

Rio de Janeiro Flour mills and granaries. 

Rio de Janeiro Flour Mills and Granaries Company, 1888. 

CORONERS' JURIES. Hili^ebrandt, 1876. 

COTTAGE BUILDING. Allen (G. B.), 1867. 

COTTON. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 5. 

Bleaching of Cotton. Ashworth (1861). 

Chemical and Meteorological conditions involved in the successful 
cultivation. Mallet (J. W.), 1861. 

Cotton Baling Presses, with description of the accumulator 
cotton press. Mathbson, 1870. 

Cotton Cultivation. Gibbs (Joseph), 1862. 

Cotton Cidture and our Educational Interests. 

Wright (J. W. A.), 1875. 

Cotton Famine. Facts of. Watts (J.), 1866. 

Machinery for preparing, roving, and spinning cotton and wool. 

Bodmer (J. G.), 1835. 

Manufacture. Brooks (C. P.), 1888 ; Geldard, 1867. History. 

Guest, 1823. 

Cotton Manufacturer's, Manager's and Spinner's Guide. 

Moss, 1878. 

Early history in the East. Baines (E.), 1835. 

Great Britain. Baines (E.), 1835 ; Ure (A.), 1836. 

Indian Cotton, cleaning and quality. Report on Cotton 

Gins, &c. Watoon (F.), 1879. 



174 COTTON — COTTON TBADE. 

COTTOlif— continued. 

Manufacture. United States Cotton Manufactures. 

Atkinson (K), 1883. 

Cotton Manufacture in. Webber (S.), [1879]. 

United States manufacture contrasted with that of Great 

Britain. Montgomery, 1840. 

Mills. Report on English Cotton Mills. Atkinson (E.), 1883. 
Plant, Cotton. Report on Climatology. Mell, 1893. 

Alabama and Florida. Cotton Production. Report. 

Smith (E. A.), 1884. 

Brazilian Empire, Cotton in. Brazil, 1885. Add. 487. 

California, New Mexico, Utah, Arizona, and Mexico. Hilgard, 1884. 

Carolina (South), Production of the State of. Hammond (H.), 1884. 

India. Chapman (J.), 1851. 

Bengal. Cotton Handbook. India, p. 110. 

Bombay Presidency. Cassels, 1862; Grant (C. W.), 

1850; India, p. 111. 

Madras. Handbook of Cotton Cultivation, 1862. 

India, p. 122. 

Louisiana. Hiloard, 1884. 

Mississippi. Hilgard, 1884. 

Pegu. Report, 1854. India, p. 128. 

Tennessee. Report. Safford (J. M.), 1884. 

United States. Hilgard, 1884. 

Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, Texas States. Indian 

Territory. Louqhridge, 1884. 

North Carolina. Kerr (W. C), 1884. 

Virginia. Kerr (W. C), 1884. 

COTTON SPINNING. Marsdbn (R.), 1886. 

Americcui Cotton Spinner. Baird (R. H.), 1866. 

Cotton Spinner's Companion. Galbraith (G.), 1835. 

Machinery for spinning and doubling. Bodmer (J. G.),* 1837. 

Machinery. Nasmith, 1890. 

Science of Modem Cotton Spinning. Leigh (E.), 1873. 

Theory and Practice. Montgomery (J.), 1836. 

COTTON TRADK 

Considerations. Thorp (J.), 1807. 

Letters to the Inhabitants of Manchester on the Exportation of 
Cotton Twist. Anonymous (1800-3), p. 57. 

Observations. Walker (G.), 1803. 



COTTON WOOL — CRIME. 175 

COTTON WOOL. 

Culture and manufacture of, in India. East India Company, 1836. 

Machinery for cleaning, carding and spinning. 

BoDMBB (J. G.), 1844. 

Yams (Cotton). Letter on their exportation. Sharp ( J. B.), 1 8 1 7 . 

COURTS-MARTIAL. 

The Mhow Court-martial on Paymaster Smales. 

Smales(T.), 1863. 

COW-HOUSES. Rules and regulations for the management of. 

Haywood (W.), 1853, p. 33. 

CRANES. 

Chain for rigging. Specification. Admiralty, 1889. 

Cranes and Lifting Machinery. Marks (E. C. R.), 1892. 

Cranes and Machinery for raising heavy bodies. Construction of. 

Glynn, 1849. 

Derrick Cranes. Remarks on the advantages and economy of 
moveable. Wightman (W.), 1844. 

Description of various kinds of. Matheson, 1879. 

Electric Cranes. Bolton (R.), 1891. 

Hydraulic Crane. LuiOGi, 1885. 

Steam Crane and 130-ton Crane Seat at Finnieston Quay, Glasgow 
Harbour. 1)eas, 1893. 

Travelling Cranes. Componential trusses. Seaman (H. B.), 1890. 
Treatise. Towne (H. K.), 1883. 

Wrought-iron tubular cranes designed by William Fairbairn. 

Brewster, 1852. 
CREMATION. 

Cremation. Simon (H.), 1892. 

Paris. Crematory at the Cimetiere de TEst. Fichet, 1891. 

CREOSOTE. 

Creosote. Description of, best suited for creosoting timber. 

Tidy (C. M.), 1883. 
Creosote oil. Carolina Oil k Creosote Co. 

Creosote Oils. On the antiseptic Alkaloids contained in. 

Williams (Greville), 1883. Add. 539. 

Voelcker's Specification for Creosote. Report on, to the Directors 
of the Gas Light & Coke Company. Tidy (C. M.), 1885. 

CREOSOTING PROCESS. Bethell, 1851, 1863, 1866. 

Patent Improvements in preserving Timber. Bethell, 1850. 

CRIME. Religion and Crime, distresses of the people. 

Morgan (J. M.), 1840. 



176 CRYPTOGRAPHY — CURRENCY. 

CRYPTOGRAPHY. New mode of secret writing. 

Anonymous, 1829, p. 50 ; Nansouty, 1888. 

CRYSTALLISATION considered physically and geometrically. 

Brochant de Villiers (A. J. M.), 1819. Add. 488. 
Suspended Crystallization. Thomson (John M.), 1886. 

CRYSTALLOGRAPHY. Ben-Saudb (A,), 1884. 

Analcim. Ben-Saude (A.), 1881. 

Classification of minerals. Hany, 1809. 

Conduction of Heat in Crystals. Stokes (Sir G. G.), 1851. 

Molecular Constitution. Groth, 1888. 

Perowskit. Ben-Saude (A.), 1882. 

Study of. Larkin (N. J.), 1820. 

Treatise. Miller (W. H.), 1839. 

CURRENCY. 

Bimetallism. Bimetallic Conference, 1888 ; Grenfell, 1886 ; 

Kelley (W. D.), 1879 ; International Bimetallic Conference, 

1894. Add. 511 ; Laveleye, 1881 ; Molesworth, 1886. 

A plain statement of the Currency Question, with reasons 

for restoring Bimetallism, Twigg (J. H.), 1893. 

Bimetallic Controversy. Gibbs (H. H.) and Grenfell, 1886 ; 

Smith (Samuel), 1887. 

English Law of Bimetallism. Reasons for restoring it. 

Twigg (J. H.), 1893. 

The Double Standard. Gibbs (H. H.), 1881. 

Bi-metallism in England and Abroad. Cernuschi, 1879. 

At 15 J, a necessity for the Continent, for the United States, 

for England. Cernuschi, 1881. 

Currency Question. Present aspect. Newton (A. V.), 1864. 

Great Metallic Powers. Cernuschi, 1885. 

Indian Exchanges. Their proposed restoration. 

Smith (Lt.-Col. John Thomas), 1882. 

Proposed Gold Standard. Dowden, 1892. 

Currency. Dowden, 1893 ; Molesworth, 1893. 

Laws and their operation. Anonymous, 1848, p. 43 ; 

Anonymous, 1840, p. 43. 
Rupee, The. Dowden, 1885. 

Indian Rupee Question and how to solve it. 

Sowerby (W.), 1892. 

Depreciation of the Rupee, 1892. India, p. 100. 

Silver Currency. Allan (G.), 1892. 

Silver and Indian Currency questions. George (E. M.), 1894, 

See also Finance. 



CURRENTS — CYL^JiTDER. . 177 

CURREOT?S. 

Currents of the Atlantic and Indian Ocean. Rennell (J.), 1832. 
Currents at Sea. Mead, 1757. 

Maury's Current Charts, Guide Book to. Taylor (Janet), 1855. 
Ocean Currents. Vaughan (E.), 1889. 

Surface Currents. Wharton (W. J. L.), 1877. 

CURVES. See Mathematics (Curves). 

CURVE TABLES. Elb, 1879. 

Table for setting out Curves of any Radius by any system of 
measurement. Armytage, 1867. 

Universal Curve Tables for facilitating the laying out of circular 
arcs on the ground for railways, canals, etc. 

Rhodes (A.), 1870. 
See also Railways (Curves). 

CUSTOMS. 

Laws of the Customs, tariff or customs table. Lees (J.), 1859. 
China. China, 1879-84. 

France. Code and tariffs, 1804, 1860. France, p. 436. 

Italy. Italy, 1885, p. 146. 

(States of the Church). Rates of duties. 

Italy, 1815, p. 148. 
Queensland. Return. Queensland, 1879, p. 70. 

'Trieste. Buildings. Buzzi, 1892. 

CUTLERY. Bbvan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 3. 

CYCLONES. See Meteorology (Storms). 

CYCLOP-^DIAS. See Dictionaries. 

CYLINDER, rolling motion of a. Moseley, 1851. 



VOL. 1. 2 a 



178 DAMS — DECIMAL SYSTEM. 



D. 

DAMS. 

Earthen and Masonry, stability of. Farren, 1889 

High Masonry Dams. McM aster, 1876; Pelletreau, 1892. Text 
Book. Merriman, 1892 ; Molesworth, 1883. Design and 
construction, giving the method employed in determining the 
profile of the Quaker Bridge Dam. Weqmann (E.), 1888. 
Inspection of the principal dams in France made in 1881. 

Vincent (C), 1881, 1882. 

High walls or Dams to resist the pressure of Water. 

Francis (J. B.), 1888. 
Mill dams. Construction of. Lepfel, 1874. 

Movable dams. Barrages mobiles. Poir^e, 1869. 

Torrential rivers, dams across. Breton (P.), 1867. 

Use of Submerged Dams. Comoy, 1861. 

Beaufort Dam. Brand, 1883. 

Croton River, U.S. High Masonry dam on the lower part of the. 

Fteley, 1890. 
France. River Dams or Weirs. Hey wood (J. M.), 1869. 

Louiche-Desfontaines. Timinofp, 1893. 

New York. High Masonry Dams. Aqueduct Commission. 

New York City, p. 405. 

Ohio and other Rivers of the United States. Adaptation of 

Movable dams to the. Haupt (L. M), 1884. 

Sangam Anient Project, 1890. India, p. 130. 

Vehar Lake Dams. Report on, with plans, etc. 

TuLLOCH (H.), 1871. 
Vyrnwy Masonry Dam of the Liverpool Waterworks. 

Aitken (R.), 1866 ; Clarke (Sir A.), 1886. 
See also Cofferdams, Reservoirs (Dams). 

DARIEN SCHEME. See Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. 

DAY, Division of the. Brooks (F.), 1878. 

Shortening of the day by the cooling of the earth. 

La Place, 1821. 

DEAF AND DUMB. Convention of American Instructors of the 
Deaf and Dumb. Convention, 1879. 

DECIMAL SYSTEM. See Measures, Weights and Money. 



DECORATION — DEFENCE. 179 

DECORATION. 

Italy. Fine and decorative Arts in. Wyatt (M. D.), 1862. 

Paris Universal Exhibition, 1856. Report on Furniture and 

Decorations. Wyatt (M. D.), 1856. 

■ Arts of decoration at. Wyatt (M. D.), 1868. 

DEFENCE (National). Construction of Batteries for coast defences. 

Rennie (G.), 1858. 

Construction of Fortifications for the defence of the Dockyards of 

the United Kingdom, 1867. Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 474. 

Cost of new works, 1861-74. Parliamentary. .Papers^ p. 474. 

Defence of the Country. Speech, 1807. Selkirk (Earl of). 

Defence Commission. Peto (Sir S. M.), 1862. 

Defences of the Kingdom. Parnell (A.), 1882. 

French Plan of Invasion. Defiant Defence of Great Britain. 

McDouoALL, 1875. 

Great Britain. Defensive Policy. Jervoies 1871. 

Great question of the day. Harris (Sir W. S.), 1862. 

Iron Defences. Douqlas (Sir H.), 1860. 

Use of iron in works of Coast Defence. 

Barnard (J. G.), etc., 1871-2. 

Letter on Invasion. Drummond, 1859. 

Letter to Lord John KusseU on. Weale (J.), 1847. 

Organization of the Militia. Adair (S.), Baron Waveney, 1859. 

Our National Defences. Anonymous, 1852, p. 50 ; 

Coles, 1861 ; Scott (Capt.), 1883. 

Plan for additional National Defences. Mauns, 1848. 

Principles of Reserved Defence applied to detached forts. 

Graham (G.), 1864. 

Kemarks on the system pressed by the Boyal Commissioners. 
Boxer, 1862. Answer to Col. Lefroy. Boxer, 1862. 

Bep«*t of the Commissioners on the Defences of the United 
Kingdom, 1860-74. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 474. 

Returns relating to National Defences, 1860-62. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 474. 

Boyal Defence Commissi<Mi. Coles, 1862. 

System. Anderson (Sir J.), 1853 ; Macintosh, 1859. 

System of Fortification. Fergusson (J.), 1849. Duke of Rich- 
mond's plans of FortificaticHi. Anonymous, 1794, p. 50. 

America (Nortii). Coast defences. Treatise based on experiences 
gained in the North American war. 

Scheliha (Lt.-Col. von), 1868. 

Australia (South). Colonial Defences. Reports on. 

South Australia, 1867, p. 227. 



180 DEFENCE — DERELICTS. 

DEFENCE {National)— continued. 

Dover. Paramount importance of, for offensive and defensive 
warfare. Hoseason, 1873. 

Dungeness. Protection of the roadstead essential to the Navigation 
of the British Channel. Gell, 1889. 

Holland. Anonymous (Emstige), 1870. 

London. Adair (S.), Baron Waveney, 1860. Danger and 

Difficulty of fortifying London, and defence proposed. 

Williams (S. H.), 1872. Defence of our Shores and of 

London, etc. Eddy, 1871. Lines of London defences by 

works in the field. Adair (S.), Baron Waveney, 1862. 

New Zealand. Defence. Jervois, 1884. 

Portsmouth. Adair (S.), Baron Waveney, 1860. Peril of Ports- 
mouth. French fleets and English forts. 

Fergusson (J.), 1852. 
Portsmouth protected. Fergusson (J.), 1856. 

Spithead Defence. Scott (M.), 1862, p. 177. Report to consider 
the alterations in the plans in consequence of the abandon- 
ment of the works on the Sturbridge. Spithead, 1864. 
Spithead Fortifications. Report of the Commissioners for 
National Defences on the proposed system. Spithead, 1862, 
1861. Spithead Forts. Coles, 1861 ; Spithead, 1862. 

Suffolk (East). Adair (S.), Baron Waveney, 1860. 

Sussex. Survey of the coast of, made in 1587. Lower. 

United States. Defence of Sea Coast. Abbot (H. L.), 1888. 

Coast Defences, etc. United States, 1883 and 1886, p. 348. 

Harbours. Abbot (H. L.), 1881. Sea Coast. Abbot 

(H. L.), 1888. Steel vessel of the " Destroyer " type designed 

for defending the harbours. United States, 1886, p. 349, 

Washington. Barnard (J. G.), 1871. 

See also Fortification. 

DEFORMITIES, mechanical treatment of. Orthopraxy. 

Bigg (H. H.), 1865. 
DELTAS. Delta in Miniature. Reade, 1884. 

Danube. Report on its delta. Spratt (T. A. B.), 1858. 

Ganges, recent changes in the Delta of the. Fergusson (J.), 1863. 
Irrawaddy. Login, 1857. 

Nile Delta. Effect of wave influence on the deposits. 

Spratt (T. A. B.), 1859. 
See also Bars at river mouths. 

DERELICTS. 

Floating Derelicts. Report of Joint Committee of Admiralty 
and Board of Trade on the subject. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, 1894. Add. 526. 

United States Derelict Schooner, "W. L. White." With the 
tracks of three other notable derelicts, etc. 

United States, 1889, p. 343. 



DESERTS — DIAMONDS. 181 

DESERTS. 

Chile. Desert of Atacama. Means of communication. 

Lastabbia, 1880. 

DESIGN. 

Application of Plane Geometry to. Redera, 1858. 

Artist and Amateur's Magazine. 

Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

Industrial Design applied to Mechanics and to Architecture. 

Absiengaud, 1860. Draughtsman's book of Industrial Design. 

Abmengaud (J. K), 1853. 

Machines and Architecture. Shading and Colouring of Designs. 

Abmengaud (J. E.), 1849. 

Registration of. Law and Practice. Billing and Prince, 1845. 

DESTRUCTORS. 

Destructors and Refuse Furnaces : a Lecture, etc. 

Wabneb (W.), 1888. 

Disposal of refuse by cremation. Saundebs (W. S.), 1881. 

Refuse Burning. Laws (W. G.), 1891. Add. 514. 

Refuse Destructors. Jones (C), 1887, '94. 

Leeds. Destructors and Carbonizer of house, ashpit, and market 
refuse. Hewson (T.), 1884. Fryer's patent. Report of 
Leeds Sanitary Committee. Fbyeb, 1877. 

Liverpool. Refuse Destructors. Report. 

LiVEBPOOL, 1890. Add. 515. 

See also Refuse of Towns, Sanitation. 

DETONATORS. 

Nobel's Explosive Company. Accident. Redding, 1879. 

Explosion of detonators. Redding, 1890. 

DEW. Essay on. Wells (W. C), 1815, 1818. 

Dew ponds. Slade, 1877. 

DIAMONDS. Allen (W.) and Pepys, 1807; Pole, 1861. 

Diamonds Fields. South Africa. Dickson (W.) & Co. 

Diamond Rock of South Africa. Hudleston (W. H.), 1885. 

Diamond Mines. Africa (South), Diamond Mines of. 

Reunebt (T.), 1892, 1893. 

Africa, South and East. Ingbam (J. F.), 1889. 

Cudgegong. Mackay (A.), 1870. 

Kimberley and De Beers Diamond Mines. Report upon 

the Excavations at. Watson (T. P.), 1883. 



192 DOCKS. 

DOCKS (PxrticvJjAb)— continued. 

Portsmouth. Prices for dwelling house for Port Admiral. 

Portsmouth, 1800. 

Quebec. Pilkington (W.), 1879-81. 

Dry dock at mouth of the River St. Charles, Quebec. 

Baii^laibg^, 1876. 
Kotherhithe, Commercial Docks. Specifications. 

BOTHEBHITHE, 1852-60. 

Commercial Docks and Howland great Wet Dock. 

Gould (K), 1844. 

Grand Collier Docks. Prospectus, Grand Collier, 1837. 

St. Helena. Practicability of making a depot for repairing 
leaky vessels. Lees (J.), 1860. 

St. John's, Newfoundland. Wooden graving dock. Report. 

Keating, 1884. 

St. Katherine's Docks Act, 1825 ; information useful to owners, 
masters, etc., using them, 1829 ; List of Proprietors, 1832 ; 
facts connected with them, 1824; Prospectus, 1825; Tables 
of rates and charges, 1832 ; and a refutation of misstate- 
ments made against them, 1825. St. Katherine's Docks. 

Sheemees Dockyard. Plan. Sheebness, 1858^ 1878. 

Southampton. Collection of photographs. Southajipton. 

Port and docks of Southampton. Luiggi, 1883. 

Statement as to establishment of Docks within the Port. 

Southampton Dock Co., 1882. 

Suez repairing dock. Notice on its construction. 

Stcegklin (A.), 1867. 

Sunderland. Formation of wet docks. Rennie (G.), 1832. 

■ Specifications for the Excavation, Masonry, etc. 

SuNDEBLAND Harbour, 1850. 

Report on the formation of. Walker (James), 1832, p. 393. 

Surrey Commercial Docks. M*Connochib, 1893. 

Swansea. Page (T.), 1846. 

, Objections to the plans of I. K. Brunei and T. Page. 

Murray (John), 1846. 

Table Bay Docks and Breakwater. Management Committee, with 
Reports, revenue and expenditure, etc. Table Bay, 1877-79. 

Table Bay, Port Elizabeth, the Kowie and East London. 

Return of Revenue and Expenditure. Table Bay, 1875. 
Thames Dry Docks. Jordan (C. H.), 1882. 

Tilbury Dock. Luiggi, 1886. 

Tilbury Deep Water Docks. Opening, 1886. 

East and West India. 
Tyne. Report on the plan of a dock on the low lights shore. 

Ure (J. F.), 1870. 



DICTIONARIES — DICTIONARIES OF LANQUAGES. 183 

DICTIONARIES— coTjh'ntted. 

Engineer's and Mechanic's Encyclopaedia. Hebert, 1835-36. 

Engineering. Delaistre, 1812. 

Engineering, with technical terms in French, German, 

Italian, and Spanish. Byrne (O.), 1869-81. 

Engineering. Technical vocabulary and dialogue. 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1862-4. 

English Cyclopaedia. English Cyclopaedia, 1854-55 ; 

Knight (C), 1859-61. 

French Administration. Block, 1856. 

French Furniture, Dictionary of. 

Viollet-le-duc (E. E.), 1868, 75. 

Geology and Mineralogy. Humble, 1843. 

Gods, heroes, and fabulous persons of antiquity. Bell (J.), 1790. 

Hazell's Annual Cyclopaedia, 1886, etc. Hazell. 

Hydrographic Dictionary of France, nomenclature of rivers, 
canals, etc. Moithey, 1803. 

Hygiene and Public Health. Blyth (A. W.), 1876. 

Public Hygiene Dictionary. Tardieu (A.), 1852-54. 

Law Dictionary. ToMLiNs(Sir T. E.), 1838. 

Lexicon technicum, Harris John, 1708-10. 

Manufactures, Mining Machinery, and the Industrial Arts. 

DoDD, 1876. 

Marine. Falconer, 1815. 

Mathematics, Applied. Sonnet (H.), 1867. 

Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary. Barlow (P.), 1814. 

• Mathematical Sciences, Pure and Applied. 

MONTFERRIER, 1835-40. 

Mechanics, Practical, and Machines in German, French, English. 

Fellmer, 1866. 
Micrographic Dictionary. Griffith and Henfrey, 1883. 

Military Encyclopaedia. Farrow, 1885. 

Science, Literature, and Art. Brande and Cox, 1865. 

Technologische Encyclopadie. 

Bermouth, 1850 ; Prechtl and Karmarsch, 1830-^5. 

DICTIONARIES OF LANGUAGES. 

Anglo-Saxon and English. Bobworth, 1876. 

Dakota-English Dictionary. Riggs (S. R.), 1890. 

Dano-Norwegian and English Languages. Larsen, 1888. 

Dutch and English. Jaeger (R.), 1865. 

English Language. Annandale (C.) 1886. 

Etymological English Dictionary. 

Chambers (W. and R.), 1884. 

Encyclopaedic Dictionary. Hunter (R.), 1885-88. 



184 



BICTIONARIES OF LANGUAGES. 



DICTIONARIES OF IjANGV AGES— continued, 

English Language. English. Johnson (S.), 1803, 1827. 

Pronouncing. Knowles (J.), 1837. 

on Historical Principles. Murray (J. A. H.), 1884, etc. 

English, Students' and Imperial. 

iOgilvie, 1865, '67, '90, '91. 

Etymological. . Skeat (W. W.), 1882, 1891. 

English Dictionary. Webster (N.), 1862, '90. 

Century Dictionary. Whitney (W. D.), 1889-91. 

English. Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. 

RoGET (P. M.), 1859. 

French. Acad^mie Frangaise, 1835 ; Littr^, 1863-69, 1881 ; 

Smith (L.) and Hamilton, 1860, 1869. 

French and English. Boyer, etc., 1829 ; Clifton and 

Grimaux; Fleming and ^ibbins, 1841-44. Inter- 
national Dictionary. Hamilton (H.) and Legros, 

1865, '69 

Synonymes. Anonymous, 1822, p. 44 

German and English. Cauvin, 1870 ; Flugel, 1856, 1891 

Sanders (D.), 1876, 1885; Whitney (W. D.), and Edgren 

1893 ; KuTTNER and Nicholson, 1805-13 
Greek-English Lexicon. Liddell and Scott, 1845 

Wright (M.), 1839 
Indian Tribes of British Columbia. Comparative Vocabularies 
of. Tolmie (W. F.) and Dawson, 1884 

Italian and English. Baretti, 1831 

Comelati and Davenport, 1873 
Latin-English Dictionary. Smith (Sir William), 1855 

Portuguese and English. Lacerda, 1866-71 

Transtagano (A. v.), 1773 
Russian and English Dictionary. Alexandrow (A.), 1879-1885 

Tauchnitz (K.), 1888 

Dictionaries of the Russian, French, German and English 

Languages. Reipp (C. P.), 1871-2 and 1887-91 

Spanish, French and Italian. Anonymous, 1571, p. 57 

' Spanish and English. Anonymous, 1809, p. 49 

Nbuman and Baretti, 1854 

Lengua Castellana. Real Academia, 1803 

Swedish. English-Swedish. Nilsson, Widmark and Collin, 1875 

DICTIONARIES OF LANGUAGES (Technical). 

Competition. Favaro, 1876. 

Vocabularies of technical terms, in eight Languages. 

Hall (Henry), 1865. 

Dictionnaire Technologique, Anglais-Frangais et Fran^ais- 

Anglais. Burgue, 1874. 



DICTI0NAEIE6 OF LANGUAQSS. 135 

DICTIONARIES OF LANGUAGES {TECBmcAL)—<mtinued. 

English-French teehnical Dictionaiy. Vivant (E.), 1884. 

English, French, German, Italian, Spanish. 

. Wbbshovbn (T. J.), 1885. 

Technical Dictionaries in French^ German, and English. 

RuMPF (G.) and Mothes, 1868-72. 

Technological Dictionary in French, German, and English. 

ToLHAUSjBN and Gardissal, 1854-5 ; 
TOLHAUSEN (A.), 1873-6. 

English, French, Italian, German. Technical Pocket Dictionary. 

Ofpinger, 1889-90. 

French-German Technical Vocabulary. Wershoven (F. J.), 1878. 

EngUsh, Geman, French. Rohbig (E.), 1887-91. 

English and German Technological Dictionary. Egeb, 1882-4. 

English and German Technical Dictionary. 

SchlSssinq (F. H.), 1865. 

English and German Technical Vocabulary. 

Wbeshoven (F. J.), 1885. 

German Technical Dictionary. 

Kabmabsch and Heeren, 1854, '74. 

Spanish-English. Technological. Fonce de Leon, 1886-93^ 



Architecture. Glossary of Terms. Anonymous, 1850, p. 46. 

Charts and Maps. Glossary of French Terms adopted on French 
Charts and Maps and in Sailing directions. 

Carrington (R. C), 1879. 

Engineering Terms. German-English and English-German. 

Anonymous, 1869, p. 44, 

Italian, French, English, etc., for Engineer and Architect, 

Crugnola^ 1884. 

Engines, etc. Taberna, 1874. 

Furnace Terms in English, French^ and German. 

Egleston, 1888. 

Geography and Astronomy, Definitions of Terms used in. 

HoiKiKiN (J.), 1812. App. 562. 

Iron Structures. Vocabulary of Technical Terms used in the 
Design, Manufacture, and Commerce of. 

Mathbson (E.), 1873. 

Irrigation and Hydraulic Works. Vocabulary of terms peculiar 
to French and Italian. Buffon (N. de), 1869. Add. 489. 

Law. Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases. 

Stroud (F.), 1890. 

Locomotives. Italian, French, German and English. 

Fadda (S.), Olivetti and Silvota, 1891. 

VOL. I. 2 b 



186 DICTIONARIES OP LANQUAOES — DISEASBw. 

DICTIONARIES OP LANGUAGES (Technical)— con^tnieed. 
Marine. German, Italian, French, and English. 

Dabovioh, 1883. 
Marine Dictionary in English, French, and German. 

Paasch, 1885. 
Mechanical Engineering. Terms used in the practice of, 

LocKwooD (Q.), 1888. 
Military and Naval, (Polyglot). Anonymous, 1881, p. 44. 

Technical Dictionary of the French Language. Burn (R.), 

1860. Polyglot Dictionary of Technical, Military, and 

Naval Terms. Landolt, 1865-68. 
Mining. English and Foreign Mining Glossary. 

Anonymous, 1871, p. 45. 

English-G^man Dictionary of Mining, etc., terms. 

RoHRiG (E.), 1881. 

Glossary of Scotch Mining Terms. Barrowman, 1886. 

Nautical. Vocabolar of Italian sea-phrases. Fincati, 1877. 

Vocabulary of French searphrases. Falconer, 1815. 

Dutch, French and English. Roest (C), 1842. 

Vocabulary of Sea Words in English, French, German, 

Spanish, and Italian. Littleton, 1879. 

Railways. Italian, French, German and English. 

Fadda (Olivetti and Silvota, 1891. 
Steam marine. Vocabulary of terms in the German, Danish, 
Spanish, Dutch, Italian, Russian, Swedish, and French. 

Paris (F. E.), 1861. 
DIGGING. 

Art of Mechanical Digging. Proctor (F.), 1882. 

Digging and Cultivation of Soil. Specifications of Patents. 

Commissioners, p. 283. 
DILAPIDATIONS. 

Nature, etc. Morris (T.), 1863. 

Report of the Select Committee on Dilapidations. 

Royal Inst, of British Architects, 1844. 
DISCOVERY. Philosophy of discovery. Whewell (W.), 1860. 

DISEASES. 

Aneurism. Correspondence with Richard Owen on John Hunter 
and Aneurism. Jesse, 1882. 

Diphtheria, Prevention of. Balch, 1889. 

Fever, outbreak of, at Balranald, caused by polluted water. 

Balranald, 1889. 
Heart Disease, Dropsy, Cancer, Phthisis. Geographical distribu- 
tion in England and Wales. Havtland (A.), 1875. 
Heat cure. Treatment of Diseases by heated air. 

Wilson (Erasmus), 1860. 
See also Epidemics, Infectious Diseases. 



DISINFECTION — DOCKS. 187 

DISINFECTION. 

Disiofectants and Disinfection. Smith (Robert A.), 1869 ; 

Vallin (E.), 1882. 

Investigations on the power of "Amines" Disinfectant on patho- 
genic micro-organisms. Klein (E.), 1889, '90 

Railway Sanitation. Methods used and results obtained in 
making germicidal-efficiency tests of a disinfectant. 

Sedgwick (W. T.), 1893. Add. 533. 

DISTILLATION. Fermentation and Distillation. 

Hartley (W. N.), 1884. 

Patent West India Still, plan and description. 

Saintmabc (J, J.), 1829, p. 156. 

DISTILLING APPARATUS. DistilKng Apparatus for Ships. 

Thubston (R. H.), 1870, p. 308. 

DITCHES, use and construction of. Bowie (A. J.), 1885. 

DIVING AND DIVING DRESSES. 

Appliances for Working under Water or in Irrespirable Gases. 

Gorman, 1882. 

Divers' Manual. Siebe, Gorman & Co., 1881, 1885. 

Diving and Diving Machines. Smith (S. W.), 1820. 

Diving apparatus : with instructions for submarine operations. 

Siebe, Gk)rman & Co. 

Diving Dresses. Quinton, 1840. Description of improved, 

Bethell, 1838. 

History of Diving from the earliest times. Heinke, 1870. 

Method of supplying the diver with air under water. 

Hough, 1813. 

DIVING BELL (Nautilus). Circular Exhibit. 

Anonymous, 1858, p. 42. 
DIVINING ROD. See Wateb (General References). 

DOCKS (Genebal Rbpbbences). 

Docks and Dockisation. Salwey (E. R.), 1893. 

Docks and Dock Construction, notes on. 

CoLSON (C), 1894. Add. 493. 

Dock Walls, design and construction. Allen J. R., 1876. 

Moating Docks, calculation of. Fobohheimeb, 1892. 

Hydraulic Pontoon-dock, Nystbom, 1859. 

Janicki's patent floating dock. Simon (H.), 1872. 

Patent Dock Gates. Peacock (R. A.), 1882. 

Patent floating pontoons or docks. Rennie (G. B.), 1860. 

Patent Slip Docks. Bell (H. B.), 1869. 



188 DOCKS. 

DOCKS (General References) — continued. 

Physical fefttur^s, history, construction, etc. 

Vbrnon-Harcourt (L. F.), 1885. 

Belf Fropelling, Self GareeMng Floating Docks. 

Bennie (G. B.), 1884. 

Bbip Gaissoms for dock basins and dry docks. 

Andrews (J. J. F.), 1891. 

Simpson's IraproTed Dry Docks. Simpson, 1884. 

Specifications of Floating Docks. Gampbell (J.), 1869. 

Transport^ a review of Docks, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Windmill Groft Dock, Report on. Ure (J. F.), 1855. 

DOGKS (PAftTlCtLAR). 

Aberdeen Graying Dock. Report as to cause of damage, Nov. 24, 
1887. Messent. 

Alexandra (Newport and South Wales) Docks and Railway. 
Report on Glassification of Merchandise Traffic, 1891. 

Newport, Mon. 

Alloa (South), proposed wet dock. Leslie (J. & A.), 1872. 

American System of Dry Docks. Little, 1882. 

Antwerp Docks. Rogers (G. A.), 1893. 

Avonmouth and Portishead Docks. Report on the proposed 
scheme for their construction. Stevenson (D.) & Ball, 1872. 

Barcelona. Proposed Floating Dock. Halpin (D.), 1878. 

Barry Dock. Description. Robinson (John), Architect, 1888. 

Barry Docks and Railway. Glassification of Merchandise Traffic. 

Barry Docks, 1891. 

Bermuda, Voyage of the floating dock '* Bermuda'^ from England 
to. Bermuda, 1869. 

Birkenhead. Webster (Thomas) Q.G., 1848. Letter to Share- 
holders in the Dock Gompany. Laird, 1851. Letters. 
Rendel(J.M.), 1848, 1850, 1851.' Reports. Abernethy (J.), 
1850 ; Stephenson (R.), & Beaufort, 1851. 

Bombay. Johnson (S. A.), 1874. 

G(»lstrUctian of a wet dock in Moody Bay. 

AiTKEN (R.), 1867. 

— - Prince's Dock 1871-74 ; foundation stone, 1875 ; extension, 

1888, India, p. 111. 

Wet and Dry Docks, 1856, 1867. India, p. 112. 

Bordeaux. Gonstruction and Working of the Dock of the fort of 
Bordeaux. Fbanohimont, 1893. 

Bridgewater. Price (H. H.), 1835. 

Brisbane, Report on the proposed dry dock. Brisbane, 1875. 

Bristol Dock Bill, 1863. Report on. Bjiistol. Add.. 487. 



DOCKS. 189 

DOCKS (Particular) — continued, 

Bristol. Differences between the Bristol Dock Company and the 
inhabitants of Bristol. Bristol, 1807. 

■ ■■■ Contract for a two-floor shed. Avonmouth, 1886. 



— — Dockinng the River Avon. Bristol, 1881. 

Report. Howard (T.), 1859. 

' Report on increased dock accommodation in the port of. 

Hawkshaw (Sir J.), 1860. Add. 506. 

British Columbia. Esquimalt Graving Dock Works. Bennett 
(W.), 1889 ; Esquimalt, 1888. 

Calcutta. Construction of Docks, 1885, '87. India, p. 114. 

' Floating Docks, necessity of forming wet docks. 

Henderson & Greaves, 1854. 

Carthagena. Iron floating dock. Rennib (G. B.), 1869. 

Diamond Harbour on the River Hooghly. 

BoiLBAU (J. T.), 1839. 

Dublin. Wrought Iron Dock Gates of Graving Docks. 

Griffith (J. P.), 1880. 

East and West India Dock Company. Blackwall Docks Act, 
1803. East and West India. 

East India Dock Amending Act, 1803. East and West India. 

East and West India Docks Extension Bill, 1882. 

East and West India. 

* ■ ■ Kirk and Randall v. East and West India Dock Company. 

EJLRK and Randall, 1885-86. 

Projected railways to the East and West India Docks. 

Commercial Docks, 1835. 

European Dock-yards. Highborn, 1886. 

France, Dockyards of. France, 1841. Add. 501. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Construction of settling reservoir for the 
lock water. Lindlet (W. H.), 1884. 

Glasgow. Report on graving docks for the port of. 

Ure (J. F.), 1854; 

Great Britain and Ireland. The Dock and Port Charges. 

Thubron (R.), 1877, *81, '88. 
Greenhithe and Northfleet. Plews, 1866. 

Greenock. Report regarding the proposed Wet Docks at. 

Walker (James) and Burges, 1836. 

Great Grimsby. New docks, 1852. Great Grimsby. 

Halifax, N. S. Proposed dry dock. Keating, 1883. 

Hartlepool (West). Report. Hartlepool, 1850. Add. 505. 

Havre Port. New metal gates to the transatlantic docks. 

WiDMBR (E.) and Desprez, 1887. 

■ Notes on the construction of the walls of the quay of the 

wet docks. Widmer (E.), 1885. 



200 DRAINAGE OF LAND. 

.DRAINAGE OF LAND (Sveci^l)— continued, 

Ireland. Balljbay River near Athlone. Report on proposed 
drainage of flooded lands, 1846. Long (J. . 

Clongill District, Co. Meath. Packer & Benn, 1847. 

Cork. Argideen District. King (M.), 1847. 

BaUinhassig District. King (M.), 1849. 

Castlemartyr District. King (M.), 1847. 

Ratooragh District. King (M.), 1846-49. 

Deel, District of the. Brassington, 1846. 

Devon Estate drainage, Ehernagh district, co. Limerick. 

Brinsden <fe Harding, 1846. 

DoohuUa District. Nicholson (S.), 1846. 

Hind River, co. Roscommon. Report on Drainage of lands, 

1846. Long (J.). 

■ Ker Estate District, county Down. Report on the Drainage 

and improvement of the lands in. 

Tannihill (W.) & Eraser, 1847. 

■ Elilbride District, Counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary. 

Matier, 1846. 

Kildare and Westmeath. Reports of districts chiefly in. 

Gray (R. A.), 1846-50. 

Leslie (Meath) Estate District. Baronies of Upper Navan, 

Lower Moyfenrath, and Ratoath. Report on their 
Drainage and Improvement. Sullivan (T.), 1847. 

■ Lough Alick district. County of Mayo. Report. 

Brett (H.), 1846. 

■ Lough Corrib District. Valuation and improvement of the 

lands. Harding (R.), 1846. 

Lough Erne Drainage Scheme. Return for Report of 

Commissioners of Public Works, Ireland, with reference 
to. Erne (Lough), 1891. Add. 499. 

- Lough Neagh District. Drainage and Navigation. 

Manning (R.), 1884. 

Flooded lands and improvement of the Navigation in 

the Loughs Neagh, Corrib Marsh, and Carra Districts. 

Macmahon, 1845-46. 

Meath, County of. Mulvany (C), 1847. 

Mullyfarry, Lake District, County of Mayo. 

Brett (H.), 1846. 

Shanagolden (Districts of) Limerick. Nicholson (S.), 1846. 

Shanbogh District, County of Kilkenny. Report. 

Linehan, 1847. 

Skane, River, District, County of Meath. 

Neville (F.), 1847. 

■ Waste Land^. Letter on the propriety of reclaiming them. 

Smyth (G. L.), 1838. 



DRAINAGE OF LAND. 201 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— cow^inwed. 

Italy. Cuppari, 1893. 

(South), Marshes of. Land speculation and cotton growing. 

Denton (J. B.), 1865. 

Kent (West) Drainage Bill. Minutes of evidence, 1875. KIbnt. 

Keyingham Level in Holderness drainage and navigation. 

Chapman (W.), 1797, p. 242. 

Drainage and improvement of Keyingham Level and the 

adjoining country. Crbassy, 1801. 

Keyingham Level. Golborne, 1779, 1800. Mr. Golborne's 

plan of draining. Chapman (W.), 1800, p. 242. 

Keythorpe System of Land Drainage — its principles, efficiency, 
economy, and opponents. Trimmer (J.), 1855. 

Lewes Laughton Level. Beport concerning its drainage. 

Smeaton (J.), 1768, p. 208. 

Lincoln and Boston, Drainage of Water between. Grundy, 1753. 

Lincolnshire. Act for embanking and draining certain Salt 
Marshes and Low Lands, 1793, 1812, Lincoln (County of). 

Act for reclaiming from the Sea certain Lands abutting on 

the Coast of Lincolnshire, 1851. Lincoln (County of). 

- (South) Fens of. History. Wheeler (W. H.), 1868. 



Maiden and Sheen. Bill for the more effectual Drainage of 
certain Lands in the Valley of. Malden, 1859. 

Massachusetts. Mystic, Blackstone and Charles Rivers Valleys. 
Report of Commission on General System of Drainage. 

Massachusetts, 1886. Add. 519; 
Muston Drainage Bill. Compensation for lands. Mdston, 1800. 
Nene. Amending the outfall of the, securing the Middle and 
North Levels of the Fens from inundation. 

Edwards (L.), 1771. 

Nene Valley. Rendel (J. M.), 1849. 

Nene Valley Drainage and Navigation Reports. 

Fowler -(Sir John), 1858. Add. 501. 
Improvement. Olver, 1875. 

Netherlands. Drainage Machinery of. 

HuET (A.), 1893. Add. 508. 
Norfolk. Draining of marsh land in the County of. 

Bateson, 1710. 
Nottingham. Low lands in the County of. Acts and amended 
Acts, 1796, 1801, '13. Nottingham. 

Oxford. Valleys of the Thames and Cherwell, near. 

Phillips (J.), 1874. 
Potomac flats at Washington. Reclamation of. 

Hains (P. C), 1894. Add. 505. 
Regent's Park Drainage, 1848. Mitchell (D. W.). 

Romney Marsh. Expense of Dymchurch Wall, 1764-1809. 

RoMNEY Marsh, 1810-37. 
vol. i. 2d 



202 DRAINAGE OP LAND — DRAINAGB OP TOWNS. 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— coniintteci. 

Romney Marsh. Laws and Customs of Rumney Marsh. 

RoMNEY Marsh, 1726, 1840. 

Expenses of the wall from 1810 to 1837, inclusive. 

Hallowes (J.), 1837. 

Taillau, Domaine du. Bryas, 1855. 

Thames (Lower) Valley Drainage. Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1878. 

Thames Valley Drainage Works Proposed. Effect on the 
Hincksey Lake. Prestwich, 1884. 

Manor of Imber, otherwise Imworther, 1607. 

Denham (J.), &c. 

Thames Valley Drainage Acts, 1871 and 1874. 

Falkiner and Tancred, 1876. 

Report on Drainage of Lands. Hawkshaw, 1878. 

Trent. Gibbs (L.), 1888. 

Witham (River). Steam power applied to the Drainage of the 
fourth district. Welsh (E.), 1865. 

Yorkshire. Various parishes of East Riding. Hodgman, 1796. 

Zeeland, regulations. C aland (A.), 1857. 

Zuider Zee reclamation. Huet (A.), 1890 ; 

BGsiNG, 1894. Add. 489 ; Kielmann, 1857 ; Kjbbuter, 

1854, '87 ; Schoute (P. H.), 1893. 

See also Bogs. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (General References). 

Henrot, 1891 ; Rawlinson (Sir R.), 1854. 
Application of the Siphon. Cowen, 1853. 

Bad Drains and how to test them. Reeves (R. H.), 1885. 

Drains and Drainage Notes. Slacke (W. R.), 1875. 

Drainage for profit and for health. Waring (G. E.), 1879, 

Evacuation of night-soil. Report on. Tr^lat (E.), 1882. 

Fowler's self-acting Water closet. Fowler, 1874. 

House drainage. Ough, 1879 ; and Water Service. Bayles, 

1882; Chadwick (Sir E.), 1884, p. 134; Gray (J.), 1855; 
MiDDLETON (R. E.), 1881; Putnam (J. P.), 1886. Guild- 
ford. Pilbrow, 1867. 
Architects and House Drainage. 

Waring (G. E.), jun., 1886. 

Architect's Letter on House drainage. Masters, 1876. 

By-Laws and Regulations. Field (R.), 1877, 78. 

Drainage and Ventilation of Houses. Field (R.), 1882. 

Drainage and sanitary appliances of residences. 

COLYER, 1889. 
Drainage of habitable buildings. Beardmore (W. L.), 1892. 



DRAINAGE QF TOWNS 203 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Gbneral Repbrences)— continued. 
House Drainage. Drainage of town houses. 

Lawford (G. M.), 1892. 

How to drain a house. Reade, 1877 ; Waring (G. E.), 1885. 

Information respecting House Drainage. 

Atkinson (J.), 1894, 

' Private Connections, House Drains, etc. McKie, 1881. 

Sanitary Drainage of Houses and Towns. 

Waring (G. E.), 1878. 

Sanitary Regulations and rules for house drainage. 

Cuthbert, 1884. 
See also Sanitation. 

Hydrosthetics of the Cistern, Drain and Sewer. 

Morris (T.), J878. 
Information as to ventilating and flushing sewers. 

BUCKHAM, 1884. 

Law of Drainage and Sewers. Kennedy and Sandars, 1884. 

Lincoln's (Lord) Sewerage, Drainage, etc., of Towns Bill, 1846. 

Health. 

Martin's improvements in apparatus and means used for draining 

towns, cities, etc. Martin (John), 1850. 

Native Guano versus Sewage Water. Anonymous, 1849, p. 49. 

Pneumatic Drainage, Berlier System. Smith (Adolphe), 1883. 

Principles. Lee (W.), 1854. 

Reform of the Sewers, or, manure wasted and land starved. 

Clarke (G. R.), 1860. 

Rudimentary Treatise. Dempsey, 1867, 1887. 

Scheme for effectual Drainage. Anonymous, 1855, p. 55. 

Separate system. Monson, 1875. 

Sewerage of Towns. Denton (J. B.), 1855. 

Sewerage, Irrigation. Latham (B.), 1867-71. 

Sewerage and Land-Drainage. Waring (G. E.), 1889. 

Sewerage works in Urban Districts. Vawsbr (R.), 1886. 

Subsoil drainage, foundations, etc. Slacke (W. R.), 1875, 1878. 

Systems of evacuation of water and filth. 

OvERBECK de Meijen, 1883. 

Town Sewage Question. Child, 1865. 

Vitrified versus porous Drain Pipes. Anonymous, 1856, p. 58. 

Whamcliffe's (Lord) letter on Draining. Reply to. 

Davis (H.), 1851. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special). 

Adelaide. Adelaide, 1878 ; Clark (W.), 1878. 

Aldershot. Report. Aldershot, 1870. 

Alnwick. Balpodr (D.), 1892. 

Atlanta, Georgia. Seweracre. H wring CR.), 189L 



194 



DOOKYARDS — DKAIKA6E OF LAKD. 



DOCKYARDS (Pabticulab)- con^inua^l. 

United Kingdom. Accounts showing cost of articles manufactured 
in workshops and steam factories, 1862-68. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 475. 

Report of Committee on Dockyard Economy, 1859-60. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 474. 

Report of Commissioners to inquire into control and manage- 

ment of H.M.'s Naval Yards, 1861. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 474. 

Report of Select Committee on Dockyards, 1864. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 474. 
Labour Charts, 1864-65. PabliaAentabt . .Papers, p. 474. 

Value of Land Buildings, etc., 1866-67. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 474. 

Admiralty and Dockyard Administration and Expenditure. 

Reports of Committees, 1886-^7. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 475. 

Annual Accounts of Shipbuilding and other Dockyard Tran- 

sactions, 1866, etc. Pabliamentabt.. Papers, p. 475. 
Washington Navy Yard, Channel Improvement. Menocal, 1882. 
Woolwich Dockyard. Plan. Woolwich, 1858. 

New Mast Pond. Proposals of Prices for Works. 

Woolwich, 1800. 
DOMES. 

Dimensions of ironwork in the cupola of the Halle aux Grains. 

Bbunet, 809. 

L^nwork for the Dome of the proposed Government Building, 

Chicago Exhibition. McGuibe, 1892^ 

StabiHty of Domes. Tabn (E. W.), 1866. 

DOMESTIC ECONOMY. 

Derbyshire General Infirmary. Philosophy of Domestic Economy 
exemplified in. Stlvesteb (C), 1819. 

DOORS. 

McNeil's patent steel-embossed Man- and Mud-Hole Doors. 
Report. Tbaill (T. W.), and Samson, 1888. 

DOOR FASTENINGS, History of Ancient. Higgin, 1850. 

DRAINS, CULVERTS. Average plans. Habt (J. H. E.), 1868. 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Genebal Refebknces). 

Lkclkbo, 1853 ; Mechi, 1847. 

Acts for the advance of private money for the Drainage of Land. 

1849, *50, 56. Pakliamkntary . .Papers, p. 475. 

Land Drainage Act, 1861. Dknton (J. B.); Thring (T.), 

Provisions, working, and r^^^uUs. Grantham (R. B.), 
1865. Act to amend tlw Lt^w, 186L 

V.VKiiAiiKN'rAKx . .Papers, p. 475. 



DRAINAGE OP TOWNS. 205 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special)— confonttcc!. 

Cannes. Sewerage on the Shone System, Report. 

Shone (I.), 1885. 

' Works of Sewerage and Drainage, proposed. Galton, 1883. 

Canterbury. Pilbbow, 1867. 

Castleford and Whitwood Main Drainage, 1875. 

Patbrson and Wheater. 

Chelsea, U.S. Drainage Construction Company v. City of 
Chelsea, U.S. Pleadings and Evidence. Drainage, 1889 
Chicago. Chicago, 1887 
Christchurch. Clark (W.), 1878. 
Cleveland. System of main sewerage. Hering (R.), 1882. 
Columbia, District of. Sewerage. Hering (R.), etc., 1890. 
Columbus, Ohio. Sewerage of. Waring (G. E.), 1890. 
Concepcion. Concepcion, 1892. 
Croydon. Arnott and Page, 1853. 
Epidemic, 1853. Croydon. 

Proposition to discharge portion of the Sewage into a sewer 

under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Board of 
Works. Croydon, 1862. 

Reports on the Sewerage. Croydon, 1853. 

Danzig. Danzig, 1881 ; Wiebe (E.), 1865. 

Delhi. Report. Greathed, 1852; India, 1852, p. 118. 

Dorking. System of Sewerage. Dorking, 1893. 

Dortmund, drainage of. Michaelis and Gordon, 1878 ; 

MiTTERMAIER, 1878. 

Driffield. Report, 1874. Oldham and Bohn. 

Specification of Works in earthwork, concrete, brickwork, 

ironwork, and iron and earthenwork pipes, 1878. 

Oldham and Bohn. 

Dublin Sewage. Applying Hydraulics to design for Sewage 
works, etc. Smith (John A.), 1885. 

Main Drainage Outfalls. Griffith (J. P.), 1885. 

Report of Royal Commissioners. Dublin, 1880. 

Dudley. Marten (H. J.) and Stileman, 1876, 

Dunedin. Sanitary Commission on Sewerage and Drainage. 

Dunedin, 1865. 

Elberfeld. Lindley (W. H.), 1882, '93. 

England, Sewage-works of some towns in. Report. 

RowE (R. R.), 1869. 

Eton College and Eton. Roe (J.), 1842. 

Europe. Portugal, 1880. 

Florence. Turin, 1886. 

France. Instructions. France, 1865, p. 436. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Lindley (W. H.), 1886. 



196 DRAINAGE OF LAND. 

DEAINAG-E OF LAND (General References) — contifmed. 

Reclamation of Slob Lands. Belfast, 1876. 

Reclamation of Tide-lands and relation to Navigation. 

Mitchell (H.), 1871. 

Report of Select Committee on the enabling of possessors of 
entailed estates to charge cost of draining, 1845. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 475. 

Resources of Reclaimable Land. Sanderson (J.), 1860. 

Rudimentary Treatise. Dempsey, 1859, 1887. 

Suggestions for the general employment of water-mills with 
inclined scoop wheels. Eckhardt (A. G.) and Douwes, 1808. 

^ Straight versus inclined scoop wheels. Eckhardt, 1816 . 

System practised by Mr. J. Elkington. 

Johnstone (J.), 1797, 1841. 

Thorough drainage and deep Ploughing. 

Smith (James) of Deanston, 1844. 

t Treatise. Hutchinson (H.), 1844. 

Water Meadows, their utility, form and management, and the 
drainage and irrigating of Peat Bogs, etc. 

Smith (William), Engineer, 1806. 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special). 

Ancholme Lincolnshire Level. Rennie (Sir J.), 1845, p. 102. 

Ancroft Fen, Marshes from, to Wainfleet Haven, drainage. 

Chapman (W.), 1810, p. 242. 

Arun Level. Macneill, 1837. 

Australia (South). Drainage works in the South East District. 
Report and Correspondence. 

South Australia, 1872-1875, p. 227. 

- Port Macdonnell Swamps. Port Macdonnell, 1878. 

Bedford Level. 

Anonymous, 1726, p. 53 ; Badeslade, 1729 ; Bedford 

Level ; Dodson, 1665 ; Elstobb^ 1793 ; Labelte, 1745 ; 

POWNALL (T.), 1775. 

Collection of Acts. Bedford Level, 1685-1762. 

Deepening the rivers. Archer (T.), 1829. 

History with the laws, etc., of the Bedford Level Cor- 

poration. Wells (S.), 1830. 

History of the great level of the Fens. 

Moore (Sir Jonas), 1685. 

Bedford Level. Laws of the Bedford Level Corporation. Cole 

(C. U.), 1803. Lot Book. Wells (S.), 1841. 

- Petition to the House of Commons. 

Bedford Level, 1777. 

Principles of the Bill. Bedford Level, 1777, 1778. 



DRAINAGE OF LAKD« 197 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Spboial)— confinitccf. 

Bedford Level. Report on 100-foot Wash, and proposed Wash 
Bank. Rennie (.fohn), 1812. 

Bedford Level — Middle Level, A letter on the Drainage of the 
Middle Level. Rennie (Sir J.), 1842. 

Report on the drainage of the Middle Level. 

Walker (James), 1842, p.^ 394. 
' Substance of Report on the Drainage of the Middle Level. 

Walker (James), and Burges, 1848, p. 395. 

Walker and Burges's Reporte on the Middle Level 

Drainage. Bedford Level, 1848, p. 114. 

Bedford Level — North Level. Considerations on Mr. Ronnie's 
plan for the drainage of South Holland. Wing (J.), 1820. 

Historical account. Bedford Level, 1809. 

Outfall of the Wisbeach river. Golborne, 1769. 

Report on drainage of North Level and the outfall of the 

Wisbeach river. Yeoman (T.), 1769. 

Bedford Level— South Level, Letter to the Proprietors of Land 
in that part of it called the South Level on the expediency 
of the Middle Level Bill and a second letter. 

Thorold (W.), 1861. 

Observations on the frequent drowned condition of the 

South Level of the Fens. Leaford, 1740. 

Present State of the South Level. Page (Sir T. H.), 1794. 

■ Schemes for draining the South Level. 

Page (Sir T. H.), 1775. 

- South Level part of the Great Level of the Fens. 

Cole (0. N.), 1784. 

Bedford Level — South and Uliddle. Draining of the south and 

middle levels. Smith (Humphrey), 1729. 

Humphrey Smith's Scheme for the Draining of the south 

and middle levels of the Fens. Kinderlet, 1730. 

- Improvement of the Drainage of the South and Middle 

Levels. Rennie (J.), 1810. 

- Proposed Improvements in the Drainage of Middle and 

South Levels. Wells (S.), 1842. 

' South and Middle Levels of the Fens. Reports. 

Page (Sir T. H.), 1794. 

Report foi^ the better drainage of the south and middle 

level of the Fens and other lands on both sides of the 
River Ouse. Watt6 (J.), 1791. 

Bedford Level. Denver dam and sluices, pernicious consequences 
of replacing. Elstobb, 1745. 

- Eau Brink Cut. Bedford Level, 1823. 

Eau Brink New River or Cut Deed Poll. Hdddart, 1804. 

Eau Brink Drainage Company dispute relating to Cut and 
Works below Lynn, 1852, 53. Norfolk Estuary. 



198 DRAIHAGB OV LAXIK 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (SnctAhy-etmHmued. 

Bedford Level. Dramage through the New BiTer or Cat from 
Ean Brink to King's Lynn. £au Bbisk, 1825. 

i Joint Report of the Engineos af^Miinted in oanseqnenee of 

the Lite intended £aa Brink Act. 

Walker (James), and Mjlne, 1825. 

Eau Brink Drainage Bill, Minutes of ETidence. 

Tage (Sir T. H.), 1794. 

Bedford Level Corporaticm and Ean Brink CommisBioners, 
R^KMrt on the Norfolk Estuarj Sdieme. 

GoRDOs (L. D. B.\ 1849. 

Lynn^ port cL BRmoEMAir, 1724. 

Moreton's Leam-wash, Drainage oC, and WhitUesea Mere 
and a portion of the Bedford LeveL 

REsnriE (Sir J.), 1840. 
Oiwe. Wood (Rev. P. S.), 1825. 

Letter on the Works in the New Bedford, or one hundred 
feet River^ the River Quae, etc. Wells (S.), 1828. 

Sutton and Mfpall Levels. Book of Refezenoe to the Map 

cL Elstobb, 1750. 

Yermujden's Drain. RsiraiE (Sir J.), 1840. 

Wisbech Outfall, Report as to the, and the Drainage of the 
North Level and South Holland. Rehsib (J.), 1814. 

Berlnce, Alary and West Goaste Districts. Drainage of. 

Brttish Guiana^ 1879. 
Beverhsj and Barmston Drainage. Chapmast (W.), 1806, p. 242 ; 

1801, 1803, 1804, 1809, p. 243. 

■ Report to Gommissioners. Jbbsop, Rennie 4; Chapman, 1804. 

Black Sluice, Drainage and Navigation of, 1799-1846. 

Black Sluice. 
Carr Djke Scheme. Report. Willlams (John K), 1880. 

Dagenham Breach frauds and abusw. Dageshax &eadi, 1717. 

Derwent and Hertford, low grounds in the vali^ of. 

Chapxas (W.), 1800, p. 242. 
Driffield Navigation. Jiessop, 1797. 

Essex Act for reclaiming Lands on the K and SJ^ Coast, 1852. 

Essex. 
Essex Estuary Land Redamation. Essex, 1851* 

Fenland. Gibbs (L.), 1888. 

■ Ancient Reclamations in the English FenLuDds. 

Grotzs <J. W.), 1878. 

■ Drainage of Fenknds Act, 1794. WfUJLXiD RiTer, 1794. 
Fens, method of making the Banks almctst impnejipMi^bile. 

Hjiitiiidcix (J.), 1770. 

Frofiosals for draining the Imks.. 

ATRM^JTRovfi (CkH J,), 1724. 

— Feiis and InundaiiiMis of \iM>,}iUrK^. Lai^aH (B,), 1863. 



DRAINAGE OF LAND. 199 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— continued. 

France. Drainage of Lakes and Marshes in France before 1789. 

DiENNE, 1891. 

Studies on the drainage of France, meteorology and geology. 

ViLLENEUVE (H. dc), 1854. Add. 538. 

Grand Sluice, Draining by the. Hawkshaw, 1862. 

Great Britain, general and uniform system of drainage. 

Denton (J. B.), 1842. 

Under Drainage of Land in Great Britain. 

Denton (J. B.), 1856. 
Hamburg. Sluice System. Lindley (W.), 1843. 

Holland. Holland, p. 65. 

Account of the steam-engines for draining the polders 

of Wamel, Dreumel and Alphen. 

Advantages of drainage into the North Sea at Schevengen. 

Conrad (F. W.), 1847. 

Hull. Low lands lying below the Wolds at the west side of the 

river, and in Frodmgham, Carrs. Chapman (W.), 1796, 

p. 243. 

Low grounds lying on the Wolds on the west side of the 

river Frodingham, Carrs, Liffet, etc. Jessop, 1796. 

Humber, defence of Cherry Cobb Sands against the, drainage of 
Keyingham marshes and improvement of the foreshore 
opposite Foul Holme Sands. Chapman (W.), 1801, p. 243. 

India. Nujjufgurh Jheel, 1838, '55. India, p. 126. 

Reh Swamp and Drainage of the Western Jumna Canal 

Districts. Oliver (E. E.), 1881. 

Ireland. Drainage of Land. Bevan (J.), 1846-47. Farmer h 
Eraser, 1847 ; Fitzgerald (M.), 1846-47 ; Forsyth, 1846- 
51 ; Eraser (J.), 1847, Eraser (W.), 1844-51. Reports, 1831, 
'43-51. Ireland, p. 140. Various districts. Barrt (E.), 
1847-52 ; Deverell, 1847-50 ; Kelly (J. W.), 1843-51 ; 
Klasen, 1847-51 ; Macmahon, 1843-47 ; Manning (R), 
1847 ; MuLVANY (T. J.), 1846-51 ; Murphy (E.), 1846-47 ; 
Ottley, 1846-49 ; Rankin (W. H.), 1846-51 ; Roberts 

(S. U.), 1843-52 ; Russell (E.), 1843-45. 

Arterial or River Drainage in Ireland. Lynam, 1860. 

Drainage and Improvement of Lands. Reports. 

Farrell (J. B.), 1844-49 ; Farrell (M.), 1846-50. 

Ballinamore and Balljconnell district. Valuation of the 

lands proposed to be drained in the. Brassington, 1845 ; 
Drainage of flooded lands. Macmahon, 1845. 

Ballinamona District Co. Tipperary. Report on the 

Drainage and Improvement of the Lands in the above 

District. Thomson (James), 1846. 

■ Ballinderry Lake District. Preliminary Report on the 

drainage and Improvement of Lands, 1846. Long (J.). 



200 DRAINAGE OF LAND. 

.DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— con^tnueJ. 

Ireland. Ballybay River near Athlone. Report on proposed 
drainage of flooded lands, 1846. Long (J. . 

Clongill District, Co. Meath. Packer k Benn, 1847. 

Cork. Argideen District. King (M.), 1847. 

Ballinhassig District. King (M.), 1849. 

Castlemartyr District. King (M.), 1847. 

Ratooragh District. King (M.), 1846-49. 

Deel, District of the. Brassington, 1846. 

Devon Estate drainage, Ehernagh district, co. Limerick. 

Brinsden & Harding, 1846. 

Doohulla District. Nicholson (S.), 1846. 

Hind River, co. Roscommon. Report on Drainage of lands, 

1846. Long (J.). 

- Ker Estate District, county Down. Report on the Drainage 

and improvement of the lands in. 

Tannihill (W.) <fe Eraser, 1847. 

- Ealbride District, Counties of Ealkenny and Tipperary. 

Matier, 1846. 

Kildare and Westmeath. Reports of districts chiefly in. 

Gray (R. A.), 1846-50. 

- Leslie (Meath) Estate District. Baronies of Upper Navan, 

Lower Moyfenrath, and Ratoath. Report on their 
Drainage and Improvement. Sullivan (T.), 1847. 

Lough AHck district. County of Mayo. Report. 

Brett (H.), 1846. 

Lough Corrib District. Valuation and improvement of the 

lands. Harding (R.), 1846. 

- Lough Erne Drainage Scheme. Return for Report of 

Commissioners of Public Works, Ireland, with reference 
to. Erne (Lough), 1891. Add. 499. 

- Lough Neagh District. Drainage and Navigation. 

Manning (R.), 1884. 

Flooded lands and improvement of the Navigation in 

the Loughs Neagh, Corrib Marsh, and Carra Districts. 

Macmahon, 1845-46. 

Meath, County of. Mdlvany (C), 1847. 

Mullyfarry, Lake District, County of Mayo. 

Brett (H.), 1846. 

Shanagolden (Districts of) Limerick. Nicholson (S.), 1846. 

Shanbogh District, County of Kilkenny. Report. 

LiNEHAN, 1847. 

Skane, River, District, County of Meath. 

Neville (P.), 1847. 
' Waste Lands. Letter on the propriety of reclaiming them. 

Smyth (G. L.), 1838. 



DRAINAGE OF LANP. 201 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— cow/inM^d. 

Italy. CuPPABi, 1893. 

(South), Marshes of. Land speculation and cotton growing. 

Denton (J. B.), 1865. 

Kent (West) Drainage Bill. Minutes of evidence, 1875. Kent. 

Keyingham Level in Holderness drainage and navigation. 

Chapman (W.), 1797, p. 242. 

Drainage and improvement of Keyingham Level and the 

adjoining country. Creassy, 1801. 

Keyingham Level. Golborne, 1779, 1800. Mr. Golborne's 

plan of draining. Chapman (W.), 1800, p. 242. 

Keythorpe System of Land Drainage — its principles, efficiency, 
economy, and opponents. Trimmer (J.), 1855. 

Lewes Laughton Level. Report concerning its drainage. 

Smeaton (J.), 1768, p. 208. 

Lincoln and Boston, Drainage of Water between. Grundy, 1753. 

Lincolnshire. Act for embanking and draining certain Salt 
Marshes and Low Lands, 1793, 1812, Lincoln (County of). 

« Act for reclaiming from the Sea certain Lands abutting on 

the Coast of Lincolnshire, 1851. Lincoln (County of). 

(South) Fens of. History. Wheeler (W. H.), 1868. 

Maiden and Sheen. Bill for the more effectual Drainage of 
certain Lands in the Valley of. Malden, 1859. 

Massachusetts. Mystic, Blackstone and Charles Rivers Valleys. 
Report of Commission on General System of Drainage. 

Massachusetts, 1886. Add. 519; 
Muston Drainage Bill. Compensation for lands. Mdston, 1800. 
Nene. Amending the outfall of the, securing the Middle and 
North Levels of the Fens from inundation. 

Edwards (L.), 1771. 

Nene Valley. Rendel (J. M.), 1849. 

Nene Valley Drainage and Navigation Reports. 

Fowler '(Sir John), 1858. Add. 501. 

Improvement. Olver, 1875. 

Netherlands. Drainage Machinery of. 

HuET (A.), 1893. Add. 508. 
Norfolk. Draining of marsh land in the County of. 

Bateson, 1710. 

Nottingham. Low lands in the County of. Acts and amended 

Acts, 1796, 1801, '13. Nottingham. 

Oxford. Valleys of the Thames and Cherwell, near. 

Phillips (J.), 1874. 
Potomac flats at Washington. Reclamation of. 

Hains (P. C), 1894. Add. 505. 
Regent's Park Drainage, 1848. Mitchell (D. W.). 

Romney Marsh. Expense of Dymchurch Wall, 1764-1809. 

RoMNEY Marsh, 1810-37. 
vol. I. 2d 



202 DRAINAGE OP LAND — DRAINAGE OP TOWNS. 

DRAINAGE OF LAND (Special)— c<m/tntte(i. 

Romney Marsh. Laws and Customs of Rumney Marsh. 

RoMNEY Marsh, 1726, 1840. 

Expenses of the wall from 1810 to 1837, inclusive. 

Hallowes (J.), 1837. 
Taillau, Domaine du. Bryas, 1855. 

Thames (Lower) Valley Drainage. Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1878. 

Thames Valley Drainage Works Proposed. Effect on the 
Hincksey Lake. Prestwich, 1884. 

Manor of Imber, otherwise Imworther, 1607. 

Denham (J.), &c. 

Thames Valley Drainage Acts, 1871 and 1874. 

Falkiner and Tancred, 1876. 

Report on Drainage of Lands. Hawkshaw, 1878. 

Trent. Gibes (L.), 1888. 

Witham (River). Steam power applied to the Drainage of the 
fourth district. Welsh (E.), 1865. 

Yorkshire. Various parishes of East Riding. Hodgman, 1796. 
Zeeland, regulations. C aland (A.), 1857. 

Zuider Zee reclamation. Huet (A.), 1890 ; 

BtsiNG, 1894. Add. 489; Kielmann, 1857; Kreuter, 

1854, '87 ; Schoute (P. H.), 1893. 

See aUo Boos. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (General References). 

Henrot, 1891 ; Rawlinson (Sir R.), 1854. 
Application of the Siphon. Cowen, 1853. 
Bad Drains and how to test them. Reeves (R. H.), 1885. 
Drains and Drainage Notes. Slacke (W. R.), 1875. 
Drainage for profit and for health. Waring (G. E.), 1879. 
Evacuation of night-soil. Report on. Tr^lat (E.), 1882. 
Fowler's self-acting Water closet. Fowler, 1874. 
House drainage. Ough, 1879 ; and Water Service. Bayles, 
1882; Chadwick (Sir E.), 1884, p. 134; Gray (J.), 1855; 
Middleton (R. E.), 1881 ; Putnam (J. P.), 1886. Guild- 
ford. PiLBROW, 1867. 
Architects and House Drainage. 

Waring (G. E.), jun., 1886. 

Architect's Letter on House drainage. Masters, 1876. 

By-Laws and Regulations. Field (R.), 1877, 78. 

Drainage and Ventilation of Houses. Field (R.), 1882. 

Drainage and sanitary appliances of residences. 

COLYER, 1889. 
Drainage of habitable buildings. Beardmore (W. L.), 1892. 



DRAINAGE QF TOWNS 203 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (General References)— oon/inuei. 

House Drainage. Drainage of town houses. 

Lawford (G. M.), 1892. 

How to drain a house. Reade, 1877 ; Waring (G. E.), 1885. 

Information respecting House Drainage. 

Atkinson (J.), 1894. 

Private Connections, House Drains, etc. McKie, 1881. 

Sanitary Drainage of Houses and Towns. 

Waring (G. E.), 1878. 
Sanitary Regulations and rules for house drainage. 

CUTHBERT, 1884. 

See also Sanitation. 

Hydrosthetics of the Cistern, Drain and Sewer. 

Morris (T.), J878. 
Information as to ventilating and flushing sewers. 

BUCKHAH, 1884. 

Law of Drainage and Sewers. Kennedy and Sandars, 1884. 

Lincoln's (Lord) Sewerage, Drainage, etc., of Towns Bill, 1846. 

Health. 
Martin's improvements in apparatus and means used for draining 
towns, cities, etc. Martin (John), 1850. 

Native Guano verms Sewage Water. Anonymous, 1849, p. 49. 
Pneumatic Drainage, Berlier System. Smith (Adolphe), 1883. 

Principles. Lee (W.), 1854. 

Reform of the Sewers, or, manure wasted and land starved. 

Clarke (G. R.), 1860. 

Rudimentary Treatise. Dempsey, 1867, 1887. 

Scheme for effectual Drainage. Anonymous, 1855, p. 55. 

Separate system. Monson, 1875. 

Sewerage of Towns. Denton (J. B.), 1855. 

Sewerage, Irrigation. Latham (B.), 1867-71. 

Sewerage and Land-Drainage. Waring (G. E.), 1889. 

Sewerage works in Urban Districts. Vawser (R.), 1886. 

Subsoil drainage, foundations, etc. Slacke (W. R.), 1875, 1878. 

Systems of evacuation of water and filth. 

Oyerbeck de Meijen, 1883. 

Town Sewage Question. Child, 1865. 

Vitrified versus porous Drain Pipes. Anonymous, 1856, p. 58. 

Whamcliffe's (Lord) letter on Draining. Reply to. 

Davis (H.), 1851. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special). 

Adelaide. Adelaide, 1878 ; Clark (W.), 1878. 

Aldershot. Report. Aldershot, 1870. 

Alnwick. Balpodr (D.), 1892. 

Atlanta, Georgia. Seweracre. Hkbtng ^R.), 189L 



204 DKAI9AGE OF TDITSB. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS {SPECiAhy^amiinued. 

Bann Dnunage Bill. Bakiy, 1889. 

Batl^. "Proposed scheme of sewerage and disposal of sewage. 

HiLDRKD, 1874. 

Beckenham Drain* Atkikbok (W.), 1870. 

Belfast. Bbetlakd, 1883. 

Main Drainage. Specifications and drawings. 

Belfast, 1888. 
Specifications. Montgomebt (J. J.), 1869-83. 

■ Reports. Montgomebt (J. J.), 1866, 67, 75. 
Berlin. Beblik, 1879 ; Lossek, 1879 ; Wiebe (E.), 1861. 

— Drainage and Sewerage system. Silk (A. E.), 1894. 

Beverley and Barmston, Report of Oonmussioners. 

Beveblet, 1804. 

Drainage. Hall (James), etc., 1859. 

Drainage Bill. Bevebley, 1880. 

Binghampton, N.Y. System of sewerage. Hebikg (R.), 1882. 

Hering's project. Wabing (G. E.), jun., 1883. 
Birmingham. Liemur system of Drainage. Scott (A.), 1876. 

■ Sewerage Bill. Eyidence before Parliamentary Committee, 

etc. Scott (T. W.), 1872. 

Blackburn, Borough of. Details of House Drainage. 

MacCallum, 1890. 

Municipal and Sanitary Works. MacCallum, 1885. 

Bombay, 1863. India, p. 111. 

Reports 1855, '57, '58, '61. India, p. 114. 

Main drainage. Aitken (R.), 1866, 1867. 

Drainage and Sewerage of Bombay. Reports, etc. 

TuLLOCH (H.), 1868, 1872. 
Boston. Pumping plant, 1885. Pumping machinery, 1884. 

Leavitt (E. D.)- 
Boston [U.S.]. Clarke (E. C), 1885, 1888. 

— Sewerage. Boston, 1871, 1876. 

- — Sewage Question. Folsom, 1877. 

Bournemouth Drainage. Vindication of the rock Concrete Tubes. 

Sharp, Jones and Co., 1879. 
Bristol. Green (J.), 1848. 

Buenos Ayres. Bateman (J. F. La T.), 1871 ; 

Buenos Ayres, 1887. 
Burnley. Intercepting and Outfall works. 

Bryan (W. B.), 1878. 
Cairo. Report. Latham (B.), 1890. 
CalcutU. Official Papers, 1863-68. India, p. 115. 
California. Special message to the Legislation of the State of 
(on the Drainage of California). Perkins (G. C), 1881. 
Cambridge. Sewage Report. Stephenson (G. W.), 1870. 
Sewerage. Shone (I.), 1879. 



DRAINAGE OP TOWNS. 205 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special)— continued, 

Cannes. Sewerage on the Shone System. Report. 

Shone (I.), 1885. 

Works of Sewerage and Drainage, proposed. Galton, 1883. 

Canterbury. Pilbeow, 1867. 

Castleford and Whitwood Main Drainage, 1875. 

Paterson and Wheater. 

Chelsea, U.S. Drainage Construction Company v. City of 
Chelsea, U.S. Pleadings and Evidence. Drainage, 1889 

Chicago. Chicago, 1887 

Christchurch. Clark (W.), 1878. 

Cleveland. System of main sewerage. Hering (R.), 1882. 

Columbia, District of. Sewerage. Hering (R.), etc., 1890. 

Columbus, Ohio. Sewerage of. Waring (G. E.), 1890. 

Concepcion. Concepcion, 1892. 

Croydon. Arnott and Page, 1853. 

— Epidemic, 1853. Croydon. 

Proposition to discharge portion of the Sewage into a sewer 

under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Board of 
Works. Croydon, 1862. 

Reports on the Sewerage. Croydon, 1853. 

Danzig. Danzig, 1881 ; Wiebe (E.), 1865. 

Delhi. Report. Greathed, 1852; India, 1852, p. 118. 

Dorking. System of Sewerage. Dorking, 1893. 

Dortmund, drainage of. Mighaelis and Gordon, 1878 ; 

MiTTERMAIER, 1878. 

Driffield. Report, 1874. Oldham and Bohn. 

Specification of Works in earthwork, concrete, brickwork, 

ironwork, and iron and earthenwork pipes, 1878. 

Oldham and Bohn. 

Dublin Sewage. Applying Hydraulics to design for Sewage 
works, etc. Smith (John A.), 1885. 

Main Drainage Outfalls. Griffith (J. P.), 1885. 

Report of Royal Commissioners. Dublin, 1880. 

Dudley. Marten (H. J.) and Stileman, 1876. 

Dunedin. Sanitary Commission on Sewerage and Drainage. 

DUNEDIN, 1865. 

Elberfeld. Lindley (W. H.), 1882, '93. 

England, Sewage- works of some towns in. Report. 

RowE (R. R.), 1869. 

Eton College and Eton. RoE (J.), 1842. 

Europe. Portugal, 1880. 

Florence. Turin, 1886. 

France. Instructions. France, 1865, p. 436. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Lindley (W. H.), 1886. 



206 DRAINAGE OF TOWNS. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS {Special)— continued. 

Frankfort-on-Main Drainage. PuLS (O.), 1886. 

Geneva, N. Y* Sewerage. Croes, 1884. 

Georgetown, Demerara. Drainage and Sewerage. Report. 

Georgetown, 1880. 
Glasgow, deodorizing the sewage. 

Anderson (T.) & Bateman, 1858. 

Halifax Sewer Works. Specifications. Halifax (1874 ?). 

Hampstead, Frognal and Oak Hill Park; Hampstead, 1892. 

Heilbronn. Gordon (J.), 1876. 

Heston and Isleworth Local Board. House Connections with 
Sewers and Drainage of Houses. Heston, 1890. 

Homburg. Lindlby (W. H.), 1886. 

Hongkong. Proposed drainage of the City of Victoria. 

Leigh (R. K.), 1888. 
Homsey. Hornsey Local Board, 1886. 

Northern portion of the District. 

Hornsey Local Board, 1885. 
Houghton-le-Spring. Balfour (D.), 1876. 

Huyton-with-Roby. Sewerage. HuYTON-with-Roby, 1875. 

Ironton, Ohio. Sewerage system. Hering (R.)> 1891. 

Karlsruhe drainage. Carlsruhe, 1881. 

Keene and Laconia, sewerage of. Two New Hampshire towns. 

Waring (G. E.), 1892. 
Kingston, Jamaica. Sewerage of. Waring (G. E.), 1887. 

Kings ton-upon-HuU. Report on the outfall drainage of the West 
District. Sharp (J. F.), 1862. 

Laneham Drainage. Chapman (W.), 1813, p. 241. 

Leeds. Report on the sewerage of, under the Leeds Improvement 
Act. Vetch (J.), 1843. 

Leicester. Gant, 1873. Report, 1845. Leicester. 

Report on the Sewerage, Drainage, etc., and a report upon 

the analysis of the sewerage water, etc. 

WiCKSTEED (T.), 1850. 
Lincolnshire Sewers. Burgh, etc., Drainage Reports. 

Williams (John E.), 1880-1. 
Liverpool. Mr. Rennie's Report on the Sewerage. 

Rennib (J.), 1846. 
Lochee. Greig, 1883. 

London. City Drainage. Ansley (G. D.), 1879. Add. 481. 

Metropolitan Drainage Reports. Neville, 1858. 

Metropolis Sewerage districts. Smith (Joshua Toulmin). 

London and other large towns. Copland, 1855. 

Drainage of Cities. Sewage kept for use. Rivers kept 

clean (especially applicable to the Thames). 

Spurgin (J.), 1858. 



DRAINAGE OF TOWNS. 207 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (^PECiAh)— continued. 

London. Bryson (J. M.), 1858; Denton (J. B.), 1849; Jebb, 

1854 ; Phillips (J. O.), 1885 ; Wright (A.), 1856. 

Main Drainage. Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1855, 1857 ; 

Bidder, 1858. 

Contract Drawings. Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1859-73. 

Specifications. Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1859-73. 

Main Drainage of London. 

Baker (Sir B.) & Binnie, 1891. 

Main Drainage System, working of. Crimp, 1893. 

Metropolitan Main Drainage. Folsom, 1876 ; Latham (B.), 

1883. 

Sewage interception and main drainage of the districts 

north and south of the Thames. 

Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1856. 

Tenders for the southern sewage. 

Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1865, 1867. 

Northern and southern drainage. 

Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1856. 

Requirements which the Main Drainage is and is not 

intended to answer. Bazalgettb (Sir J. W.), 1871. 

Scheme for main drainage of the districts north of the 

Thames. Law, 1855. 

Met^ropolitan Board of Works. Inspection of Manure and 

Chemical Works in the neighbourhood of the northern 
and southern outfall. Letheby & Bazalgette. 

Plans for the Drainage of London, 1857. London, p. 256. 

Objections to plan suggested by Galton, Simpson, and 

Blackwell, 1857. London, p. 256. 
Request for further information, 1858. London, p. 256. 

Main Drainage. Report by Bidder, Hawksley and Bazal- 
gette, 1858. London, p. 256. Answer to this report 
by the Government Referees. London, p. 256. Obser- 
vations on answer, by Bidder, etc., 1858. London, 
p. 256. Letter of Government Referees on Observations, 
1858. London, p. 256.. 

Letter from G. P. Bidder on the Drainage, 1858. 

London, p. 256. 

Metropolitan Main Drainage Contract. Drawings by 

J. W. Bazalgette, 1859-73. Specifications, 1859-73. 

London, p. 256. 
Report of Committee, 1862. London, p. 256. 

Western Pumping Station. Specifications of Engines and 

Buildings, 1872. London, p. 257. 

Scheme of London Drainage Company. Report by J. W. 

Bazalgette and W. Haywood. London, p. 256. 



208 DRAINAGE OP TOWNS. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Bfecial)— continued, 

London. Keports and Communications oi the Board of Health 
on the Drainage of the Metropolis, 1854. London, p. 256. 

High level for the interception of the drainage north of the . 

Thames, and the intercepting lines south of the river, 
1853. London, p. 256. 

Report upon Bill of Quantities for the Northern high-level 

sewer. Pole (W.), 1859. 

Sewage Interception and Main Drainage of the district 

North of the Thames Report. Stephenson (R.), 1854. 

London Main Drainage. Memorandum on the data 

employed in determining the size and estimating the 
cost of the works designed for. Ward (F. O.), 1855. 

Lower Thames Valley Union proposed by the Surbiton 

Commissioners. Cox (P.), 1876. 

Application from the Local Board of Hampton Wick to the 

Local Government Board. Cox (P.), 1877. 

Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage Board. 

Harrison (J. T.), 1880. 

Lower Thames Valley, Brent and Lea Drainage High 

Level Northern Route to Sea Reach. Mansergh, 1885. 

Lease to Mrs. Corbett of the East Moulsey Glebe. Indenture. 

Reynolds (O.), and Corbett, 1879. 

Objections to Mr. Hayward*s scheme. 

Richardson, Rowley and East, 1880. 

Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage. Robinson. 

(Prof. H.), 1885 ; Shone (I.), Ault & Donaldson, 1884. 

Report on the Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage. 

Robinson (Prof. H.), and Melliss, 1878. 

Thames Valley. Preparation of plans as to Main Sewerage 

and Drainage and Water Supply. 

Thames Valley, 1873. 

Lower Thames Valley. Account of schemes for the 

disposal of the Sewage of Towns in 

Thames Valley, 1884. 

Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage Bill, Report on. 

Thames Valley, 1884. 

Thames Valley Sewerage, Report of Col. Cox. 

Thames Valley, 1876. 

Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage Board. Bill to 

extend its powers and Petition against it, and Debate 
on its Second Reading. Thames Valley, 1879. 

Lower Thames Valley Main Sewerage. Haywood's, Man- 

sergh, and MelHss' Scheme, Minutes of Evidence on. 

Thames Valley, 1880-4. 

Lower Thames Valley Sewerage Board. A petition for a 

provisional Order for compulsory taking of land. 

Thames Valley, 1884. 



DRAINAGE OP TOWNS. 209 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special)— -continued. 

London. Thames Sewerage Commission. Plan for purifying the 
Thames from Sewage between the Metropolis and Windsor. 

Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1871. 

Main features of the plans for the Drainage of the 

Metropolis, 1840. London, p. 255. 

Drainage North of the Thames. Engineer's Report, 1851. 

London, p. 255. 

Debates and questions in Parliament relating to the Main 

Drainage, 1882. London, p. 255. 

Great London Drainage Scheme and Victoria Street 

Sewer, 1853. London, p. 256 

Great London Drainage Bill, Minutes of Evidence, 1853. 

London, p. 256. 

Sewage on the south side of the Thames (Metropolitan 

Board of Works). Ellis (T.), 1866. 

- Thames Reform : a new plan for the drainage of the 

Metropolis. Worsley (Sir W.), 1856. 

Boring Operations at the Crossness pumping station. 

Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1869. 

- Thames Conservancy and Main Drainage Outfalls, Report 

on the Arbitration. Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1880. 

- Plans of Captain J. Vetch for the Sewerage of the 

Metropolis. Gordon (L. D. B.), 1851. 

- Drainage By-Laws as administered under the Metropolis 

Local Management Acts. Tidman (E.), 1889. 

Project for the Drainage and Sewerage. 

Murray (John), 1852. 

- City of London Sewers. Report, etc. 

Walker (James), Cubitt and Brunei, 1848. 

Metropolitan Commission of Sewers. Court Minutes 

Jan., 1849, July, 1852, and Nov., 1854. 

London. Add. 516. 

Report on that portion of the main intercepting drainage 

called the Northern Drainage. Roe (J.), 1854. 

Metropolis Southern Sewerage utilization. Smith (R.), 1867. 

Suggested works on the Thames. Hall (M.), 1852. 

Proposed aqueduct sewer from extreme west of the 

Metropolis to the Thames at Barking Creek. 

Beardmore (N.), 1850. 

Disposal of the Sewage. Denton (E. F. B.), 1887. 

System of Pipe Drainage, unsuQcessful results. 

Anonymous, 1852, p. 49. 

'- Metropolitan system of Drainage and the interception of 

Sewage from the Thames. 

Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1865. 

VOL. I. 2 e 



210 DRAINAGE OF TOWNS. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS {Sfecial)— continued. 

London. Outfall of the Main Drainage and intercepting »ewers. 

Austin (A.), 1856. 

Kensington Drainage. Phillips (J.), 1846, 1847. 

■ Lisson Grove Drainage. Phillips (J.), 1846. 

■ ■ St. Giles in the Fields. Drainage. 

WooLBYCH (E. H.) 1852. 

Temple (Middle). Contract drainings. 

Redman (J. B.), 1849. 

■ Westminster. Improvement of the Drainage of that 

district now drained by the King's Scholar's Pond 
Sewer. Rennie (Sir J.), 1846. 

Drainage of the Westminster Abbey precincts. 

Austin (H.), and Lovick (T.), 1849. 

Louth. Gant, 1874. 

Ludwigshaven. Gordon (Joseph), 1878. 

Madras. Clark (W.), 1875. 

■ Report on a project for the Drainage of. 

TuLLOCH (H.), 1865. 

Maldon, Essex, Sewerage. Grantham (R. F.), 1891. 

Manchester. Manchester, 1845. 

Mannheim, between the Neckar and the Rhine. 

LiNDLBY (W. H.), 1890. 
Margate. Report. Latham (B.), 1877. 

Massachusetts Drainage Commission. Report. 

Waring (G. E.), 1886. 

Melbourne Drainage. Critique on Mr. Mansergh's report. 

Shone (I.), 1891. 
Memphis. System of Sewerage at Memphis and elsewhere. 

Waring (G. E.), 1893. 
Milan. Bignami-Sormani, 1868. 

Munich. Gordon (J.), 1876 ; Eckbrt (K.), 1879. 

Muston. GreneraJ principles of public drains. 

Chapman (W.), 1803, p. 241. 
New South Wales. Manly. Report on Drainage Works, 1888. 

Manly, N.S.W. 
Newport. Clark (G. T.), 1850. 

Nottingham Sewerage and River Conservancy, Account of. 

Tarbotton (M. O.), 1875, '86. 
Nuremberg. Gordon (Joseph), 1876. 

Ossett Main Drainage. Report, 1874. Paterson (M. M.). 

Oswego, N.Y. Rules and Regulations relating to Plumbing, 
Drainage, and Ventilation, 1893. Oswego, N.Y. 

Oxford Main Drainage. Cubitt (Sir W.), 1851 ; 

White (William Henry), 1877. 
Oxford, Eton, Windsor, Abingdon. Ewart (C. B.), 1868. 



DRAINAGE OF TOWNS. 211 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS {Sfecial)— continued. 

Paris. Health Department, 1871, '90. Pabis, p. 460. 

— — Sewage water utilised, and the purification of the Seine. 

Stoffel (L. M.), etc., 1873. 

Sewerage of Paris. Waring (G. E.), 1887 ; 

Emmery, 1837, '53. 
— — Water and Sewerage Department, 1879. Paris, p. 460. 

Patrington. Specification of Works in earthwork, concrete, 
brickwork, ironwork, and iron and earthenware pipes, 1878. 

Oldham and Bohn. 
Peterborough. Addy, 1874. 

Philadelphia. Bering (B.), 1881. 

— Drainage Question. Waring (G. E., jun.), 1885. 

House and Street Drainage. Bering (B.), 1878. 

Port Louis, 1870. Port Louis. 

Portsmouth Drainage and a scheme for amending it on the Shone 

Pneumatic System. Shone (I.) and Wallis, 1882. 

— Sewerage. Angell (L.), 1864. 
Potsdam. Shone System. Knauff, 1885. 
Providence, U.S. Gray (S. M.), 1884. 
Providence, B.I., Sewerage and Sewage Disposal. 

Waring (G. E.), 1885. 
Bangoon. Sewerage on the Shone Hydro-pneumatic system. 

Shone (I.), and Ault, 1892. 
Baventhorpe Branch Drainage. Beport, 1875. 

Paterson (M. M.). 
Bichmond, Surrey. Donaldson (G.), 1849, 1866, 

■ Bichmond Main Drainage Plan for dealing with the Sewage 

of Bichmond, Barnes, Mortlake, Kew, and Petersham. 

Melliss, 1885. 
Bio de Janeiro, Drainage of. Specification. 

Bio de Janeiro, 1859. 

Hugby, Sandgate, Tottenham, St. Thomas's Exeter, and Barnard 

Castle. Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1854. 

St. John's, Newfoundland. System of sewerage. 

Bering (B.), 1889. 

Sandgate Drainage in connection with the outbreak of Cholera. 

Beport. Sandgate, 1855. 

Sebfiustopol Plateau and Durham Lead. Proposed underground 
drainage. Scheme report. Sebastopol, Victoria, 1878. 

Shanagolden District, County Limerick. Supplemental Beport. 

Coneys, 1849. 

Sioux, City of, Falls. Sewerage system. Hering (B.), 1893. 

Skegness. . . ^^ Balfour (D.), 1876. 

Southampton Sewerage Beport. Simpson (J.), 1855. 

Southport Drainage by Gravitation, and disposal of Sewage. 
Beport, Letter and Speech on. Shone (I.), .1883.. 



212. DRAINAGE OP TOWNS — DRAUGHT. 

DRAINAGE OF TOWNS (Special)— con^mwecf. 

Southport. Report on Crossens Channel new cut. 

Vernon Harcourt, 1884. 
Spezia. Raddi, 1886. 

Stansty. Report on the gravitating Sewerage Schemes, with 
proposals for sewering the same on Isaac Shone's Pneumatic 
System. Shone (I.), 1879. 

Stapleton, Co. Gloucester. Curtis (J. P.), 1880. 

Stockport Sewage Scheme Report. Stockport, 1892. 

Stratford-on-Avon. Sewerage and Sewage Disposal. 

Davis (A. P.), 1886. 
Stuttgart. Gordon (Joseph), 1874, 76. 

Superior, City of, sewerage system. Hering (R.), 1893. 

Sydney City and Suburban Sewage and Health Board Reports. 

Sydney, 1875-76, 1888, pp. 272, 273. 

Drainage Works Act. Sydney, 1889, p. 273. 

Drainage Works Report. Reticulation Report, and City 

Surveyor's Report on Disposal of Refuse by towing out 
to sea. Sydney, 1889-91, p. 273. 

North Shore Drainage Works. Sydney, 1888, p. 273. 

Sewerage Reports. Sydney, 1855-82, p. 272. 

Sewerage Reports. Sydney, 1889-90, p. 273. 

— — Street and House Garbage, Refuse, and Nightsoil. Removal 
and Destruction. Sydney, 1885, p. 273. 

Toronto. Disposal of sewage. Hering (R.), and Gray, 1889. 

Torquay Drainage. Torquay, 1884. 

Tottenham and Wood Green Sewerage Bill. Report from 
Select Committee on, etc. Tottenham, 1891. 

Trenton, N.J., Sewerage system. Report of the Sanitary Com- 
mittee. Trenton, N.J., 1885. 

Truro Main Drainage, Problem. Special Council meeting, etc. 

Truro, 1888. 
Turin. Bignami-Sormani, 1885 ; Raddi, 1891. 

Uppingham Sewage and private Drainage. Pield (R.), 1876. 

Warsaw Drainage. Warsaw, 1879, 1890. 

Waterbury, Conn,, sewerage works. Hering (R.), 1882. 

Wellington, City of. Clark (W.), 1878. 

Wellington, N.Z. Report on the Sewage. 

Cuthbert and Perguson, 1890. 
Wilmington. System of sewerage. Hering (R.), 1883. 

Wimbledon. Main Drainage and Sewage Disposal Works. 

Crimp, 1888. 
Wolverhampton. Sewerage scheme and ventilation of home 

drainage. Broom, 1878. 

See also Sewage. Sewerage (Places). 

DRAUGHT. Effect of forces applied to. Rankine (D.), 1828. 



DBAWIKG — DBEDGING MACHINES. 213 

DRAWING. 

Appleton's Cyclopaedia of drawing. Appleton (D.), 1869. 

Architectural Drawing, application of Qeometry to. 

Burn (R. S.), 1853. 
Geometrical and Engineering. Pigot, 1879 ; Pobtlock, 1858. 

Instructor in Drawing and Working the five orders of archi- 
tecture. Nicholson (P.), 1839, *45. 

Isometrical drawing as applicable to geological and mining plans. 

SopwiTH (T.), 1834, p. 225. 
Lineal Drawing. FBANCfEUB, 1835. 

Linear Drawing. Introduction to technical drawing. 

Mast, 1874. 
Map and Plan Drawing. King (C. C), 1873. 

Mechanical Drawing. Abobn, 1886 ; Halliday (G.), 1889. 

Topographical Drawing. Smith (R. S.), 1882. 

Treatise of Projection, first principles of plans and elevations. 

Nicholson (P.), 1837. 
Projection and artistic drawing. 

Smith (James), Architect, 1843. 
Working drawings and how to make and use them. 

Haupt (L. M.), 1881. 

DRAWING INSTRUMENTS. Descriptive Treatise on Mathe- 
matical Drawing Instruments. 

Stanley (W. P.), 1866, 1878. 
DREDGING. 

Dredge Illustrations. Buctbus Steam Shovel and Dredge 

Company, 1892. Add. 489. 

Results of the dredging [natural history] cruises of H.M. Ships 
" Porcupine " and '^ Lightning " during the summers of 1868« 
'69 and 70. Thomson (Sir C. W.). 

Clyde. On the Dredging of the lower estuary. 

Stevenson (C. A.), 1887. 

Disposal of Dredgings. Kidston, 1862 . 

Italy. Rock dredging works in some Italian Harbours. 

CiMiNO, 1893. 

New South Wales. Report by the Engineer-in-Chief on Dredging 

Operations, 1889-91. New South Wales, p. 401. 

St. Nazaire, Bremerhaven, Oakland and St. Petersburgh Har- 
bours. Dredging operations at. Timonoff (V. E.), 1892. 

DREDGING MACHINES. 

Dredging machine. 

Anonymous, 1843, p. 51 ; Salomon and Forchheimer, 1888. 
Dredging and Dredge Plant. Brown (A.), 1874, 1889 ; 

ScHdNBEBO (A. C), 1890. 

Automatic gear for working the larger sizes of Bull's patent 

dredgers. Bull (W.), 1886. 



214 DRED6INO MACHINES — DRY BOT. 

DREDGING MACHINES--con<inMe(2. 

Molesworth Ratchet Dredger. Molbswobth, 1874. 

Patent Hydraulic Deepener. Affleck, 1833. 

Steam Dredgers. Hagbn (L,), 1887. 

Use of the under-excavating or Steam Dredging Engine. 

Abcheb (T.), 1829. 
Bristol Docks. New dredger. Gibdlbstokb, 1886. 

Clyde Navigation. Dredging Plant. Dbas, 1892. 

Report on Hopper Barges. Kidston, 1862. 

Cork Harbour. Benson, 1872. 

Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. New Sand Dredge 
" Brancker " for the. Blbchynden, 1893 

New South Wales. Report. New South Wales, 1881, p. 401 
Queensland. American Dredges, Queensland, 1877, p. 71. 

Contract for new dredge or dredges. 

Queensland, 1879, p. 71. 

Dredging Plant. Queensland, 1876, p. 70. 

Groper Dredge. Queensland, 1877, p. 71. 

Sinclair's-birth Bay. Machine for lifting a cargo of iron sunk in 
1829, buried in the sand six feet. Bbemneb, 1836. 

DRILL IN SCHOOLS. Chadwick (Sir E.), 1885, p. 236. 

DRILL. Potato drill machine. Randall, 1764. 

DRILLING APPARATUS. 

Drilling apparatus for Water and Gas Mains. 

Peabson (H. W.), 1891, '92. 
DRILLING MACHINE (Squabe), Bolton (R.), 1892. 

DRILLS. See Rock Dbills. 

DRINKS. What shall we drink 1 Goslin, 1883. 

DROWNING. 

Table for the reviving of drowned persons. 

PoucHET, 1840 ; PoucHET, App. 572. 
Will a drowned person be raised by the discharge of a cannon ? 

Cubnto, 1884. 
DRUGS. Cultivation and uses. Ohbisty (T.), 1882. 

DRY ROT. Dickson (R.), 1838. In Buildings. Randall (James), 
1807. In Timber. Practical observations. Dodd, 1815. 

Cause of, discovered. Geoboe (J.), 1829. 

Causes and origin of the dry rot. Lingabd, 1819, '27. 

Means to preserve the British Navy from dry-rot. 
- Knowleb (J.), 1^21. 

- Origin and Operation. Mc William, 1818. 



DRYING — DYNAMOMETERS. 215 

DRYING. 

Machine for drying and pulverising blood, exorementitious matter, 
etc. Farmer, 1883. 

Patent Concentrator or mechanical Dryer. Forrest, 1881. 

DUST. Method of collecting Flue Dust. Egleston, 1883. 

DWELLINGS OP THE POOR. See Housing of the Working 
Classes. 

DYEING. Craoe-Calvert, 1876 ; Berthollet, 1824. 

Dyeing and Bleaching. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 6. 

Dyeing and Tissue Printing. Crookes, 1882. 

Dyeing and Calico Printing. Crookes, 1874. 

DYKES. 

Construction. Caland (A.), 1833. 

Zealand, Atlas of plates. Ordt, 1860. 

DYNAMICS. CoLLiGNON (E.), 1885; Earnshaw, 1844; Greenhill 
(A. G.), 1893 ; Pinkerton (R. H.), 1888 ; Warr (G. F.), 

1851 ; Whewell (W.), 1823. 

Dynamics of Magnetism, Electricity, Heat, Light, Crystallization 
andChemism in relation to vital force. Reiohenbach, 1851. 

Diagram of speed and acceleration. Mohr (O.), [1888]. 

Dynamics of a Particle. Tait (P. G.) and Steele, 1865. 

Mectro Dynamics. Manual. Gumming, 1827. 

Force of falling bodies and dynamics of matter. Ntstrom, 1873. 

Principles and practice. Baker (T.), 1851 ; Nystrom, 1874. 

Rigid Bodies. Treatise on the Dynamics of a system of. 

RoUth (E. J.), 1860. 

Rotation, Dynamics of. Worthington (A. M.), 1892. 

Solution to the celebrated fundamental question (hitherto un- 
solved). Gardiner (M.), 1883. 

See also Mechanics. Motion. 

DYNAMO ELECTRIC MACHINES. See Electricity (dynamos). 

DYNAMOMETERS. 

Dynamometers and the Measurement of Powers. Flather, 1892. 
Dynamometric Apparatus. Morin, 1841. 

New Dynamometer. Froude (W.), 1857. 

Transmission Dynamometer for expresses. Raffard, 1890. 



216 EARTH. 



E. 

EARTH. 

Calculation of the Age of the Earth. Bbade, 1883. 

Creation and Physical Structure. Harbison (J. T.), 1889. 

Cooling (Secular) of the Earth. Reade, 1887. Secular straining 
of the Earth. Eeade, 1890. 

Density of the Earth. Experiments to determine. Cavendish, 

1798. App. 551. Pendulum experiment made in Harton 

Colliery for ascertaining. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1855, p. 21. 

Figure of the Earth. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1850, p. 23; Bakewell 
(F. C), 1862; Laplace, 1818, 1819; Maupertuis, 1738; 

Merriman, 1881. 

■ Curvature of the Earth. Carletti, 1882. 

■ Determined by the pendulum. 

Brussels, 1876 ; Sabine (Sir E.), 1825. 

By measure of arcs. Brussels, 1876. 

Dimensions and mean specific gravity of the Earth. 

Clarke (A. R.), 1858. 

EUipticity of the Earth. Pritchard (C), 1831. 

Method of ascertaining, by means of Occultations of the 

Fixed Stars. Cagnoli, 1819. 

Method of investigating the EUipticity of the Earth, 

considered as a heterogeneous spheroid. 

Pritchard, 1^31. 

Precession and Nutation. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1831, p. 17. 

■ Water. Experimental proofs that the surface of standing 

water is not convex, but horizontal [by J. Hampden]. 

Anonymous, 1870, p. 45. 

Are rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans flat or round, plane or 

spherical? [by J. Hampden]. Anonymous, 1870, p. 46. 

Is Water level or convex ? John Hampden triumphant. 

Hampden, 1870, 71. 

Not a globe (water not convex). Carpenter (W.), 1871. 

See Pendulums. 

Formation of the Earth. Dynamical Theory. 

Ritchie (A. T.), 1850. 
Interior of the Earth. Probable condition of. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1878, p. 21. 
Motions of Fluids and Solids relative to the Earth's surface. 

Ferrel, 1860. 
Orbit, eccentricity of. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1880, p. 22. 



EARTH — EARTHQUAKES. 217 

EARTR— continued. 

Physical theories of the Earth in relation to mountain formation. 

Reade, 1889. 

Physics of the Earth's crust. Anonymous, 1850, p. 40 ; 

Reade, 1890. 

Rotation of the Earth. Laplace, 1821. Plato's doctrine and 
Aristotle's comment. Geote (G.), 1860. 

System of the World. Collin, 1846 ; Laplace, 1813, 1836. 

Temperature of the Earth's crust. Reade, 1891. 

EARTH WAVES. 

Earth Wave at destruction of Flood Rock, New York Harbour. 

Abbot (H. L.), 1885. 

Velocity and Transmission of Earth Waves. Abbot (H. L.), 1878. 

EARTHQUAKES. Zurchbb (F.) & Margolin, 1884. 

Aseismatic arrangement, adapted to structures in earthquake 
countries. Stevenson (D.), 1868. 

Catalogue of the British Association. Mallet (R. & J. W.), 1858. 
Cause of activity. Peacock (R. A.), 1877 

History and philosophy of Earthquakes. Anonymous, 1757, p. 46. 
Measurement. Ewing, 1883. 

Observations of Earthquake Phenomena. Mallet (R.), 1859. 

Principle that may be employed in Earthquake measurement. 

Peery (Prof. J.) & Ayeton, 1877. 
Protection of Buildings. Cerebo, 1890. 

Resistance of buildings against Earthquakes. Favaro, 1883. 

Saturated Steam the motive power. Peacock (R. A.), 1882. 

Structures, effect on. Notes on recent publications. 

POWNALL (C. A. W.), 1891. 
Structures in an Earthquake country. 

Perry (Prof. J.) & Ayrton, 1878. 

British Earthquake, Nov. 9, 1852. Mallet (R.), 1854. 

East Anglian, 1884. Report. Meldola and White. 

California, 1890 and 1891. Holden (E. S.) ; Kbeler, 1890; 

1892 & 1893 ; Perrinb (C. D.). Add. 528. 

Oregon and Washington Territory. List of recorded earth- 

quakes. Holden (E. S.), 1887. 

Charleston, S.C., examination of buildings injured. 

Charleston, S.C, 1887. 

Photographs, 1886. Charleston, S.C. 

Ischia, Isle of. Baldacci, 1883, '85 ; Johnston-Lavis, 1885. 

Japan. Construction in Earthquake Countries. 

Milne (John), 1887 

VOL. I. 2 F 



218 EARTHQUAKES — EARTHWORKS. 

EARTHQUAKES— conf/wMed. 

Japan. System of Construction intended to give security to con- 
structions in masonry. Lescasse, 1877. 

Earthquakes and other Earth Movements. Milne (John), 1 886 . 

Earthquake effects, emotional and moral. Milne (John), 1887. 

Earth Tremors in Central Japan. Milne (John), 1887. 

Great Earthquake, 1891. Milne (John) and Burton, 1891. 

Seismic Survey made in Tokio in 1884 and 1885. 

Milne (John), 1887. 

Seismological Journal of Japan. 

Periodical Publications, p. 24. 

Seismological Society of Japan. Transactions, 1880-92. 

Seismological Societv, 

Krakatoa, Eruption of. Report of the Committee. 

Royal Society, 1888. 
Naples. Great Neapolitan Earthquake of 1857. 

Mallet (R.), 1862. 

Nicaragua Canal. Possible effects of Earthquake shocks on the 
structure of the. Dutton (C, E.), 1891. 

EARTHWORKS. Gobin (A.), 1884; Graham, 1863; Thomason 

Civil Engineering Coll., 1853-4, 1862-4. 
Calculating cost of earthwork. Kreuteb (F.), 1887. 

Calculation of Earthwork. 

Cunningham (D.), 1865 ; Lalanne, 1879. 
Directions for estimating the cost of Earthworks. 

Tbautwine (J. C), 1887. 
Lateral (actual) pressure of Earthwork. Baker (Sir B.), 1882. 
Measurement, rules for. Morris (E.), 1872. 

Earthwork Measurer. Branfill, 1877. 

Ploughing Machines in the construction of Military Earthworks. 

Application. Webber (Maj.-Gen. C.E.), 1863. 

Pressure of Earth. Curie, 1873; Hagen (G.), 1871 ; Mayniel, 

1808 ; Weyrauch, 1881. 
Pressure of sandy earth. Saint Venant (A. J. C. B. de), 1884 ; 

BOUSSINESQ (J.), 1884. 

Profile of earthworks. A quick process for determining their 

surface and declivity. Switkowski (M.), 1884. 

Resistance required to sustain banks of earth, Formulae for finding 
maximum amount of. 

Shrinkage of Earthwork. Flynn, 1885. 

Slips (Earthwork) and Subsidences upon Public works, 

Newman (J.), 1890. 
Spontaneous sliding of clayey ground. Collin, 1846. 

Stereometric Tablet for the Computation of Earthworks. 

Warner (J.), 1863. 



EARTHWORKS — EDUCATION. 219 

EARTHWORKS— cow^tnMcd. 

Tables. Buck (J, H. W.), 1885 ; Gallott, 1884 ; Hales (W. P.), 

(1881 1) ; Merth (L.), 1873. Neally, 1880. 

- Bidder's Earthwork Tables for use of the Public Works 

Department in India. O'Callaghan, 1865. 

Metrical Earthwork Tables for finding the contents of earth- 

works. Greenbank and Pigot, 1866. 

Table for facilitating the Calculation of Earthworks for 

Railways, Canals, etc. Bashforth, 1847. 

Tables for Calculation of Earthwork in the formation of 

Railways, Roads, and Canals. Huntington, 1846, '47. 

Tables for estimating contents of Earthwork of railways 

and other public works in cubic yards. 

Sibley (C. K), and Rutherford, 1847. 

Theorems (Kew), Tables and Diagrams for Computation of 

Earthworks. Warner (J.), 1861. 

Theory of earth pressure and calculation of retaining walls. 

Kreuter (F.), 1877. 
Universal scale for measuring Earthwork. Heald (G.), 1839. 

Ohio Earthworks and Mounds, etc. Smithsonian Inst., 1889, 1891 ; 

Thomas (Cyrus), 1889. 
Sind. Price (W. H.), 1874. 

See also Railways (Earthworks). 

ECCLESIOLOGY. 

Ecclesiologist. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Sketches of Continental Ecclesiology. Webb (B.), 1848. 

ECONOMIC PRODUCTS. Punjab. Powell (B. H.), 1868-72. 

EDDIES, propagation of. Bidone, 1820, 1825. 

EDUCATION. 

Art Education. Papworth, 1889. 

Artillery and Engineers, joint education of the, injurious to the 

public service. Anonymous, 1873, p. 47. 

Classical Instruction. Anonymous, 1854, p. 42. Observations 

on its advantages. Russell (Rev. Michael), 1836. 

Colleges of Arts and Manufactures for the better instruction of 

the industrial classes. Lloyd (J. A.), 1851. 

Commercial. Bristol Diocesan Trade School. 

MosELEY, etc., 1869. 

Education Department : i. Expenditure ; ii. Results of Inspection, 

1879-88. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Engineers, Civil and Mechanical, Education of. 

Dyer (H.), 1880, 1887 ; Jenkin, 1868. 

Civil Engineer. Graham-Smith, 1876 ; Hele-Shaw, 1891. 



220 EDUCATION. 

EDVCATlOJif— continued. 

Engineers. Engineering Education in the British Dominions, 
1891. Institution of C, E. ; Society for the Promotion of 

Engineering Education, 1894. 

Equipment of Engineering Schools. Thurston (R. H.), 1893. 

Engineers' Examinations of the Board of Trade Solutions to 

questions. Da vies (E. J. M.), 1891. 

Engineering Education at home and abroad. 

Mitchell (E.), 1882, 

Engineering Mechanical Schools, Efficiency of. 

Wolff (A. R.), 1888. 

Fine Arts, Teaching of. Trelat (E.), 1864. 

Higher Education, plea for making it accessible to all. 

Angell (J. B.), 1879. 

Higher Polytechnic education, in Germany. Ko&istka, 1863. 

Industrial Education. Dupin, 1828, 1836. 

on the Continent. Geological Survey, 1852 ; 

Playfair (L.), 1852. 

Missing Link. Hele-Shaw, 1891. 

Organisation of. Morin and Tresca, 1863. 

Lectures on Education. Royal Inst, of Gt. Britain, 1855. 

Liberal Education with special reference to the leading studies of 
Cambridge. Whewell (W.), 1845. 

Living Languages, Study of, for colloquial purposes. 

Cotton (Sir A.), 1875. 

Manual Industry, relation to. MacArthur, 1884. 

Mechanical Science, Prospectus of Sir J. Whit worth's Scholarships 
for. ^ Whitworth (Sir J.), 1870, etc. 

Minutes of Committee of Council, 1840-41. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 475. 

National Education, Speech in the House of Commons on the 
Government plan for promoting. Russell (Lord John), 1839. 

Speech in the House of Lords on the Government plan. 

Lansdowne, 1839. 

Reports of National Education Union, 1869, '70. 

National Education Union. 

National Schools of Science. Reports on. Gilman (D. C), 1872. 

Natural Philosophy, Advantages of, and Astronomy as part of a 

general and professional education. Lardner, 1829. 

Naval Education, Report on Foreign Systems. 

Soley (J. R.), 1880. 
New Education and the new Civilisation ; their unity. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1892, p. 310. 

People, observations on the education of the. Brougham, 1825. 
Physics in Secondary Schools. Slate (F.), 1892. 

. Apparatus for. Muller (F. C. G.), 1889. 



EDUCATION. 221 

EDUCATION— con/mwed. 

Plea for Education as a public duty. Lothrop, 1878. 

Popular Education. Fairbaibn (Sir W.), 1860, pp. 403. 

Present state and future Advancement. 

SopwiTH (T.), 1853, p. 225. 
Primary Education and the half-time system. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1887, p. 234. 

and the receptivity of children. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1880, p. 234. 

Recent measures for the promotion of Education, 1839. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 475. 

Reports of Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the 
Advancement of Science, 1872-75. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Scientific Education. Report of Select Committee on Scientific 
Instruction, 1868. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Reports of the Committee of Council, England and Wales, 

1879-88. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

— Study of abstract science. Playfair (L.), 1851. 

Science and Art Department. Calendar, Directory, Exami- 
nation Papers, Reports, etc. 

Science and Art Dept., 1853, 1870-86. 

Science Education Movement. Robertson (G.), 1868. 

Science Teaching. Guthrie (F.), 1886. 

Scientific and Art Education in relation to Progress in 

manufactures. Tylor (A.), 1863. 

University study. Sedgwick (A.), 1834. 

Village Schools, Education in. Sopwith (T.), 1868, p. 225. 

Australia, Western, public elementary Education Bill. Report. 

Western Australia, 1871. 
Bristol. Education Statistics. 

Statistical Society of Bristol, 1841 ; Bristol, 1841. 
California. Educational Progress. Kellogg, 1892. 

France. Education of the Engineer. Flachat, 1868. 

Report on general Education. Jones (Rev. H. L.), 1842. 

Germany and Switzerland, Industrial Education in. 

Germany, 1865. 
Holland. Holland, p. 65. 

India, Madras. Department of Public Instruction. Report, . 
1859-60. India, p. 122. 

Ireland tranquillized. Kennedy (J. P.), 1835. 

New South Wales. Proposed College for the Training of Teachers 
of Public Schools. New South Wales, 1891, p. 401. 

— Report of the Council of Education on Public Schools, 

1873-74. New South Wales, p. 401. 



222 EDUCATION — ELECTKICITY. 

^DJJCATION— continued. 

New South Wales. Report of the Minister of Public Instruction, 
1889. New South Wales, p. 401. 

Scientific, Professional, and Technical Instruction. 

New South Wales, 1880, p. 401. 

New York State. Report on School Hygiene, 1888. 

New York State. 
Philadelphia. Public Schools Report, 1866. 

Philadelphia, p. 34. 

Exhibition, 1876, Education Department. 

Philadelphia, 1877, p. 33. 
Saxony, Elementary Education in. Bashpoed, 1881. 

Scotland. Report on the Examination of its science and technical 
teaching. Scotland, 1888, p. 174. 

Spanish Public Education Annual, 1868. Spain, p. 234. 

Toronto School of Practical Science. Prospectus, with Syllabus 
of the courses of instruction, etc. Toronto, 1886, etc. 

United Elingdom. Educational List and Directory of, for 1887-8. 

Stephen (W.). Add. 535. 
United States Education. United States, pp. 343-4. 

Wisconsin Common Schools. Elementary Course of Study for. 

Thayee (J. B.), 1889. 

EDUCATION (Technical). See Technical Instruction. 

ELASTICITY OF SOLID BODIES, Laws of. 

Rankine (W. J. M.), 1851, 1852 ; Weybauch, 1884, '85. 
See Strength op Materials. 

ELECTRICITY (General References). Becket, 1773 ; Becquerel 
(A. C), 1834 ; Beetz, 1873 ; Bird (G.), 1849 ; Bohnenberger, 
1793-95 ; Caillard, 1891 ; Chamorro, 1870 ; Coulomb, 
1785-89; Dary, 1883, 1892; Dove, 1848; Exner, 1888; 
Ferguson (J.), 1770; Ferguson (R. M.), 1876, '82; Guille- 
MiN (A.), 1891; Guthrie (F.), 1880; Jenkin, 1878, '81; 
Mascart and Joubert, 1882, '83 ; Maycock, 1891 ; Munro 
(J.), 1883, '90 ; Pepper (J. H.), 1880 ; Plants, 1879 ; Reese, 

1881 

Essays and Treatises. Adams, G. (1784), Desaguliers, 1742 
Harris (Sir M. S.), 1857 ; Krieg, 1888 ; Martin (B.), 1746 
Murphy (R.), 1833; Penrose (F.), 1752; Priestly, 1786 
Turner (R.), 1746. App. 578. Vaschy (A.), 1890 
Wilson (B.), 1752. Lectures. Fleming (J. A.), 1886 
Sturgeon (W.), 1842, 1852. Lessons. Thompson (S. P.) 
1882; Tyndall (J.), 1876 and '87, p. 335. Manuals 
BuRCH, 1893; Cadiat (E.), 1892; Noad, 1855-57, '59 
Researches. Cavendish, 1879. Thoughts on. Chalmers 

(C), 1851 

Amateurs, Electricity for. Hospitalier, 1885 



ELECTRICITY. 223 

ELECTRICITY (General References) — continued. 

Amber-soul to Telephone, Electricity from. Benjamin, 1886. 

American Electrical Directory for 1887-8. 

Periodical Publications, p. 9. 

American Electrical Society. American Elect. Soc. 

American Institute of Electrical Engineers. 

American Inst, of Elect. Eng. 

Annals of Electricity, Magnetism, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

Annual of Electricity, 1884. Reverend (A.) 

Application to Domestic Purposes. Preece, 1861. 

Industry and Arts. Annual Account. Delahate, 1885-91. 

Military Purposes. Wachter, 1883. 

Modern Life. Urbanitzky (A.), 1886. Add. 537. 

Practical Purposes. Lecture. Solly (E.), 1847. 

Useful Arts, by Bain. 

FiNLAisoN (J.), 1843 ; also App. 557. 

Applications of. Du Moncel, 1872-78 ; Ferrini, 1884 ; 

Schcentjes (J.), 1886. 

Applied to Agriculture, etc. Siemens (Sir W.), 1881, p. 198. 

Board of Trade, Electricity at the. Blakesley, 1883. 

Cause of Electricity, and why some things are non-electricable. 

Frekb, 1746. 

■ with Remarks on Chemical Equivalents. 

Carruthers, 1886. 

Century of Electricity. Mendenhall, 1889. 

Chemical Agencies of Electricity. Davy (Sir H,), 1807. 

Clock and Electrical Fire-brigade Telegraphy. Jobler, 1883. 

Diagrams (Electrical) and Connections. 

Davis (C. H.) and Rae, 1876. 
Dictionary. Jacquez, 1883. Dictionary of Electrical Words, 

Terms, and Phrases. Houston, 1889, '92. 
Electric Communication. White (W,), 1850-1. 

Electric Current : how Produced and how Used. 

Walmslby (R. M.), 1894. 

Electric Formulary. Zach, 1883. 

Electric Lines and Transmissions. General Treatise. 

Weiller (L.), and Vivarez, 1892. 

Electric Waves. Hertz, 1893. 

Electrical Condition applied to Facts. Coxworthy, 1848. 

Electrical Deposition of Dust and Smoke. Lodge, 1886. 

Electrical Directory. Berly, 1889, etc. 

Electrical Engineer. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrical Engineer. Aide-Memoire. Dvcut, etc., 1888-89. 

Constant Current. Desmond, 1891. 



224 ELECTRICITY. 

ELECTRICITY (General References) — continued. 

Electrical Engineer's Pocket Book of Modem Rules, Formulas, 
Tables and Data. Kbmpb (H. R.), 1890 ; 

MuNRO (J.) and Jamieson, 1884/86, '89. 

Electrical Engineers' Price-Book. Griffin (C.) and Co., 1893. 

Electrical Engineering. Fiske, 1883 ; Polytechnic, 1886-87. 

Formulas. Geinitz, Fleck and Hartig, 1865. 

Electrical Experiments. Francis (G.), 1848 ; Hoadly and 

Wilson, 1756 
Electrical Installations. Rules for. 

Victorian Engineers' Assoc, 1889. 

Electrical Interferences and the Doctrine of G. A. Hirn. 

Schwoerer (E.), 1891. 

Electrical Magazine. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrical News and Telegraph Reporter. 

Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrical Phenomena and Theories. Notes on a course of 
lectures. Tyndall (J.), 1881, p. 335. 

Electrical Review. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrical Science. Bakewell (F. C), 1853. 

Electrical World. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrician. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrician and Electrical Engineer. 

Periodical Publications, p. 14. 
]fclectricien. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Electrostatic, direct comparison of, with Electro-magnetic Force. 

Maxwell, 1868. 
Electro-technics. Biscan, 1891 ; Gerard, 1886 ; Strecker, 1888. 

Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 
Elettricita. Periodical Publications, p. 14. 

Exhibitions. See Exhibitions (Electricity). 
Experimental researches. Faraday (M.), 1849. 

Experiments and Observations. Franklin (B.), 1769 ; Rack- 
strow (B.), 1748. App. 572; Watson (Sir WilHam), 1746, 

pp. 407, 408. 
Faraday's lines of Force. Maxwell, 1856. 

Fundamental Doctrines. Hauck (W. P.), 1883. 

Galvanism. Rudimentary treatise on Galvanism. 

Harris (Sir W. S.), 1856. 
Handbook of Electro-technics. Kittler, 1886-90. 

High Frequency Discharges. Experiments with. 

SwiNTON (A. A. C), 1893. 
History. Hoppe (E.), 1884. 

Homes, Workshops, etc. Walker (S. F.), '89, '90. 

Industrial Electricity. Cadiat (E.), and Dubost, 1889 ; Monnier, 

1889. 



ELECTRICITY. 225 

ELECTRICITY (General Repbrenobs) — continued. 

Inquiry into the properties of. Anonymous, 1746, p, 52. 

Insulating (Transparent) Media, Refractive Index and Specific 

Inductive Capacity of. Hopkinson (Dr. John), 1882, p. 74. 

International Congress of Electricians. Comptes-rendus, Paris, 
1881. International Congress. 

Leads, Electric. Zacharias, 1883. 

Laws of Electricity, Essays towards discovering the. 

Ellicott, 1748. 

Leyden Discharges. Difference between, and Lightning Flashes, and 
their relative action on metallic bodies vicinal to the conductor 
of the respective discharges. Walker (C. V.), 1842. 

Leyden Jar residual charge. Hopkinson (Dr. John). 

Magnetism, Electricity and. Angell J., 1882 ; Gordon 

(J. E. H.), 1883 ; Lardner, 1874 ; Maxwell, 1873, '92 ; 

* Stewart (Balfour) and Gee, 1885-87 ; Thomson (Joseph J.), 

1893 ; WoBMELL (R.), 1882. 

— Dictionaries. Dumont, Leblanc and La Bedoy^re ; Lepevre, 

1890. 
Absolute Measurements. Gray (A.), 1888-93. 

Action of Magnetism on a permanent Electric current. 

Hopkinson (J.), 1880. 

Electrostatics and Magnetism. Thomson (Sir William), 1884. 

Mathematical theory of Electricity. Watson (H. W.) and 

Burbury, 1885. 
Modem Applications. Hospitalier, 1881, '83 ; Lodge, 1889. 

Municipal Electricity Works. Hammond (R.), 1893. 

National Conference of Electricians. Proceedings, 1884-85. 

National Conference. 
Paris International Exhibition of Electricity, 1881. 

Paris. Add. 525. 
, 1839. Electricity at. Vivarez (H.), 1890. 

Patents in France from 1791. Fournier, 1881. 

Phenomena. Hauksbee, 1709, '19. Deduced from the ^ther 
of Sir L Newton. Wilson (B.), 1746. 

Electric ring-figures. Riess (P. T.), 1861. 

Pioneers of Electricity. Munro (J.), 1890. 

Practical applications, 1883, Institution C. E. 

Practical Electricity. Ayrton, 1887 ; Cuthbertson, 1821 ; 

Gariel, 1884-86. 
Practical treatise for use of engineers. Lucas (F.), 1892. 

Primers. Houston, &c., 1887. 

Production and applications of . Boulard, 1882. 

Progress of Electrical Science. Boul anger, 1885. Recent 
progress. Molera, 1885. 

Revue Internationale de I'electricit^. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

VOL. I. 2 o 



226 ELECTRICITY. 

ELECTRICITY (General References) — continued. 

Rudimentary Electricity. Harris (Sir W. S.), 1859. 

Societe Beige des ifelectriciens. Report, 1886-7. Mourlon. 

Societe Internationale des ifilectriciens. Bulletins. 

Soci6t]6 Internationale des ifilectriciens, 1886, etc. 

Solar electric potential. Siemens (Werner von) 1883. 

Solenoid. Diagrams showing the relation between the Length of, 
and the form of its Equipotential Surfaces. 

Farr (C. C), 1894. Add. 500. 

Student's Text Book. Noad, 1867, 79. 

Study of Electricity. Wiedemann (G.), 1882-85, '93. 

Technology. Ferrini, 1879. 

Terminology. French-English-German Vocabulary. 

FOURNIER, 1887. 

Theory. Cumming, 1885. 

Theory and practice. Cavallo (T.), 1777, 1795 ; Cavallo (T.), 

1782. App. 551 ; La Rive, 1853-58. 

Theory of the Maintenance of Electric Currents by mechanical 

work. Maxwell, 1867. 

Theory, sources, and application. Sprague (J. T.), 1875-1884, 1892. 

Universal Electrical Directory and Advertiser. 

Periodical Publications, p. 25. 
ELECTRICITY (Special). 

Animal Electricity, discoveries in. Du Bois Reymond, 1852. 

Atmospheric Electricity. Phillips (R.), 1863. 

(Belgium). Quetelet, 1849. 

Frictional Electricity. Harris (Sir W. S.), 1867 ; Treglohan 

(T. P.), 1886. 

Application of to the Purification of " Middlings." 

Grimshaw, 1882. 
Machines, Electrical. Bohnenberger, 1784-91 ; Riess, 1853, 

1867-79. 

Holtz and Topler Machines. Atkinson (P.), 1887. 

Influence Machines. Wimshurst, 1888. 

Medical Electricity. Theory and practice of. 

Cavallo (T.), 1781. App. 551. 
^ Electricity in Surgery. Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1881. 

Treatment of St. Vitus's dance by static electricity (danse 

de St. Guy). Beckensteiner, 1860. 

Military Art, Electricity applied to. Gun (le Col.), 1889. 

Mining operations. Electricity applied to. Rowan (J. F.), 1887. 

Suspension Transportation by Electricity. 

Sprague Electric Rly., etc., 1888. 
Search-light Projectors. 

Blondel, 1894 ; Sautter, Harle & Co., 1894. 



ELECTRICITY, 227 

ELECTRICITY (Special)— con<muee2. 

Signals at night. Cabyalho, 1886. 

Static Electricity. Elements. Atkinson P., 1887. 

Surveying. Electrical Instruments^ WiHiKB, 1883. 

Thermo-Electricity. Hauck (W. P.), 1883, '89 ; Zantedbschi, 
1 838. Electricity considered by the aid of Thermo-Electricity. 

Rust (A.), 1888. 
Voltaic Electricity. Popular treatise. Bachhofpner, 1838. 

Voltaic Electricity. Instructions for the multiplication of works 
of Art in Metal by Voltaic Electricity. 

Spenceb (T.), Carver and Guilder, 1840. 
Welding, Electric. Fodob (Ede), 1892. 

ELECTRICITY (Alternate Currents). 

Alternating Current Machines, Paris Exhibition. 

Allard, etc., 1882. 

Alternate Current Machine as a motor. Adams (W. G.), 1884; 
Alternate Current Transformers, Design of. 

Fleming (J. A.), 1889-93 ; Weekes (R. W.), 1893. 

Comparative Danger to Life of the Alternating and continuous 
Electrical Currents. Brown (H. P.), 1889. 

ELECTRICITY (Batteries). 

Treatises. Tommasi (D.), 1889 ; Niaudet, 1884. 

Batteries and their employment in telegraphy. 

SiVEWRIGHT (J.), 1875. 
ELECTRICITY (Batteries, Primary). 

Carbon Voltaic Battery. Silliman (B.), 1843. 

Electric piles. Hauck (W. P.), 1889. 

Theory and practice. ' Cazin, 1881. 

Thermo-electric pile. Peltier, 1840? 

Galvanic Batteries. Hauck (W. P.), 1883. 

Galvanic Coil, attraction of, on a small magnetic mass. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1872, p. 16. 

Galvanic Combinations formed by the arrangement of single 

metallic plates and fluids. Davy (Sir H.), 1801. 

Galvanic Properties of the principal Elementary Bodies with 

description of a new chemico-mechanical battery. 

Smee (A.), 1840. App. 577. 
Hellesen and E. C. C. Dry Battery Cells. Comparative tests of. 

Jamieson, 1893, p. 154. 
Obach and E. C. C. Types, Dry Cells of the. Report. 

Jamieson (A.), 1894. Add. 512. 
Ross Primary Battery. Ross (O. C. D.), 1886. 

Ross Nitrate Battery. Ross (O. C. D.), 1889. 

Stevens' Battery. Stevens (E. A.), 1862. 

Voltaic Battery. Somz6e (L.), 1881. 



228 ELECTRICITY. 

ELECTRICITY (Batteries, Secondary). 

Accumulators. Hauck (W. P.), 1883, '89 ; Hoppe (E.), 1888 ; 
Sack, 1892. Add. 532. Their management. Salomons 

(Sir D.), 1887, 1890, 1893-4. 
Accumulators and Gas Motors. 

AccuMULATOREN-Fabrik. Add. 479. 

Electrical Accumulation and Conduction, Treatise on the Principles 
of. Webb (F. 0.), 1862. 

Cantor Lectures on Secondary Batteries and the Electrical 
Storage of Energy. Lodge, 1883. 

Faure Secondary Battery. Allard, etc., 1882 ; 

Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1881. 

Instruction relating to the employment of the Faure 

batteries. Retnier (E.), 1882. 

Portable Secondary Batteries. Niblett, 1893. 

Secondary Batteries, Modem apparatus for the storage of 
Electrical energy. Niblett, 1892. 

Secondary Batteries, history. Ferraris', Gaulard and Gibbs, 
1885 ; Glaser deCew, 1883 ; Siemens (Sir W.), 1881, p. 198. 

Storage of Electrical Energy. Plants, 1887. 

Voltaic Accumulator. Reynier (E.), 1889. 

ELECTRICITY (Dynamos). 

Construction of Dynamo machines. Corsepius, 1891. 

Continuous Current Electric Machines. Niaudet, 1881. 

Paris Exhibition. Allard, etc., 1882. 

Dynamos, Chemical Affinity, Electricity, and Magnetism, illus- 
trated by a noiseless Dynamo requiring no steam power. 

Ross (O. C. D.), 1891. 

Compound Winding Dynamos. King Brown k Co. v, 

Anglo-Brush Corporation. Varley (S. A.), 1888. 

Dynamo, its theory, design, ajid manufacture. 

Hawkins (C. C.) and Wallis, 1893. Add. 506. 

Dynamo Electricity. Prescott, 1884. 

Dynamo Machines. Theory. Hopkinson (E.), 1887. De- 

signing of continuous machines. Jamieson (Andrew), 

1889, '90; Picon, 1887, 1889. 

Dynamos, chief features which regulate their application. 

Blackburn (A. B.), 1891. 

Dynamos, Alternators, and Transformers. Ejlpp, 1893. 

Direction for Winding Magnets for Dynamos. 

Herino (C), 1887. 

Dynamo - Electric Machine. Clausius, 1882, 1883, 1884; 

Clemencbau, 1889 ; Frolich, 1886. Principles. Herino (C), 

1888 ; Hopkinson (J.), 1893 ; Hopkinson (J. and E.), 1886. 

System von Hefner- Alteneck and self-regulating Electric 

lamp. Siemens Brothers, 1876. 



ELECTRICITY. 229 

ELECTRICITY (DYiUAiiiOB)^continued. 

Electro-Dynamic Machinery. Kbnnelly, 1893 ; 

Thompson (S. P.), 1883, '84, '86, '88, '92. 

Great Brush Dynamo. Thurston (R. H.), 1886, p. 309. 

Magneto and Dynamo-Electric Machines. Eahie, 1884 ; 

ScHELLBN (H.), 1879, 1884. 
Magneto and Dynamo-Electric Machines. 

Glaser de Cew, 1883, 1884, 1887. 

Pyromagnetio Dynamo, a machine for producing electricity 
directly from Fuel. Edison, 1887. 

Work-measuring machines as applied to Dynamos. 

Smith (F. J.), 1885. 

ELECTRICITY (Electric Light). Crompton, 1881. For indus- 
trial uses. Crompton, 1880 ; Du Moncel, 1883 ; Fontaine, 
1877, 78, '79 ; Fournier, 1885 ; Gordon (J. E. H.), 1884 ; 
Graetz, 1883 ; Hedges, 1879, '82 ; Holmes, 1883, '87 ; 
HoPKiNSON (J.), 1879, '80 ; Jamin, 1878 ; Merling, 1882- 
84; Prescott, 1879; Robinson (Prof . H.), 1891; Schilling 
(N. H.), 1887 ; Shoolbred, (J. N.), 1878 ; Stephen (V.), 

1885 ; Urbanitzky, 1883. 

Central Station Electric Lighting. Hedges, 1888. 

Continental. Hedges, 1892. 

Central Stations. Forbes (G.), 1887. 

Deaths from electrical lighting apparatus. Brown (H. P.), 1889. 
Distribution. Electric light cables and the distribution of 
Electricity. Russell (S. A.), 1892. 

Distributory Electrical Power Plants. Daft System. 

Daft Electric Light Co., 1888. 

Electric Illumination, with abstracts of specifications. 

Dredge, 1882-5. 
Electric Light Arithmetic. Day (R. E.), 1882. 

Electric Light Experiments. Report. Schwendler (L.), 1878. 

Electric Light : its production and use and Fittings, etc. 

Urquhart (J. W.), 1880, '90. 
Electric Lighting Apparatus. 

Boston Manufacturers, 1882. Add. 486. 

Generators, Distribution, etc. Montillot, 1890. 

Economic value of Electric Light and Power. Foote, 1889. 

Electrical Engineering for Electric Light Artizans and 

Students. Slingo (W.) and Brooker, 1890. 

Electric Light Installations. Salomons (Sir D.), 1890, 1893-4. 

Rules. Phcenix Fire Office, 1888. 
Electric Lighting Act, 1882. Glen (W. C.) and A. Glen ; 

Higgins (C.) and Edwards ; Polet and Dethridge. 

Amendment Bills, 1886 ; Amendment Act, 1888. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 



230 ELECTRICITY. 

ELECTRICITY (Electric Light)— continued. 

Electric Lighting Acts, 1882. Applications to the Board of Trade 
under the Acts. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Law relating to. Cunynghamb, 1883 ; Acts 1882 and 

1888. Bower (G. S.) and Webb. 

• Report by the Board of Trade under Section 1 of the 

Electric Lighting Act, 1888. 

Parliahentary . .Papers, p. 477. 

' Electric Lighting Orders Confirmation Bills, 1889. Memo- 
randa. Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 476. 

Factories and Magazines for Explosiyes. Memorandum, 1891. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Fire Insurance Rules. Hartnell (W.), 1890. 

Prevention of Fire Risks, 1883. Institution of Elect. Eng. 

Underwriters* Standard Requirements. 

Morton (H.) and Anderson, 1882. 

Gas. Electric Lighting v. Gas Lighting. Comparative Cost and 
Value. Kirkham and Hersey, 1878, 

Electricity v. Gas Lighting. Anonymous, 1877, p. 44; 

Schilling (N. H.), 1883 ; Sugg (W. T.), 1882 ; Thwaite 

(B. H.), 1883, p. 312. 

Probable Influence on Gas interests. Sprague (J. T.), 1878. 

Gas Engine, Electric Lighting by. Delahaye, 1890. 

History, production and use. Alglave (E.), and Boulard, 1882. 
Lumiere electrique. Periodical Publications, p. 18. 

Mills, Electric Lighting in. Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1883. 

Municipal Authorities, Electric Lighting by. 

Robinson (Prof. H.), 1891. 

Electric Lighting and its application to public illumination 

by municipal and other bodies, etc. 

Shoolbred (J. K), 1879, 1882. 

Supply by local authorities. Hedges, 1883. 

Town Councillor's Handbook. Russell (N. S.), 1893. 

New system. Lacassagne and Thiers, 1857. 

Practical application. Higgs (P.), 1879. 

Precautions to be adopted. Hedges, 1886. 

Principles and Practice. Swinton (A. A. C), 1884. 

Private electric light plants, with Priestman's Oil Engine. 

BiscoE, 1890. 

Public Buildings. Jamieson (Andrew), 1891. 

Report of Select Committee, 1879. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Report of Select Committee on Electric Lighting Bill, 1882. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476. 

Report on its actual state. Schilling (N. H.), 1886 



ELECTRICITY. 231 

ELECTRICITY (Electric Light)— continued. 

Sanitary aspects of Electric Lighting. Fbeece (W. H.), 1890. 

Scientific Principles involved in Electric Lighting. Lectures. 

Adams (W. G.), 1881. 

Ships. Electric Lighting for Marine Engineers : or, how to light 
a ship and keep the apparatus in order. 

Walker (S. E.), 1892. 

War, Electric Lighting in. Nansouty, 1888 ; 

Wetter (R. van), 1889. 

Water Power, Electric Lighting by. Grierson (T. B.), 1883. 

Electric Lighting of a Town. Project for the use of the 

power of a Waterfall. Vigreux (L.), 1889. 

Westinghouse alternating current Electric Lighting Plant. Test 
of eflSciency and the Alternating system. 

Westinghouse Electric Co., 1888, '90. 

Australia, Europe, and America, etc.. Report on public and other 
Electric Lighting in. Anderson (G.), 1894. Add. 480. 

Bradford Corporation Electric Supply. 

Shoolbred (J. N.), 1892, 1893, 1894. 

Calcutta, Electric Light at the East India Company's Station at. 
Report. Schwendler (L.), 1881. 

Ealing Electric Lighting : description of the undertaking. 

Ealing, 1894. Add. 498. 

Frankfort-on-Main. Ferraris and others, 1889. 

Glasgow. Kelvinside Electric Lighting. 

Kelvinside, Glasgow, 1893. Add. 513. 

St. Enoch Station, G. and S. W. Rly. Terminus, Electric 

Lighting of. British Electric Light Co. Add. 488. 

Leeds. Report, 1889. Leeds, p. 225. 

Liverpool. Reports, 1878, 1892. Liverpool, p. 246. 

London. Failures in the streets. Haywood (W.), 1893, p. 31. 

Methods in use in. Kennedy (A. B. W.), 1891. 

Reports. Haywood (W.), 1878, '82, '83, '85, pp. 30-31. 

Report by Major Marindin, 1888. London, p. 257. 

The three Bridges and various thoroughfares. 

Haywood (W.), 1880, p. 31. 

Chelsea Vestry Electiic Light. "Reports. 

Stayton (G. H.), 1878, 1882. 

Holbom Viaduct. Report. Haywood (W.), 1879, p. 31. 

St. Pancras Electric Lighting. Regent's Park Station 

described. St. Pancras, 1892. 

Experiments with the Electric Light on the Victoria 

Embankment. Report, 1879. London, p. 257. 

Rochester, N.Y,, Electric Station of the Citizens Light and 
Power Co. of. Cartwright (R.), 1894. Add. 491. 



232 ELECTRICITY. 

ELECTRICITY (Electric Light)— c<m<inwce2. 

Scarborough Electric Lighting, Description of the plant. 

Scarborough, 1894. Add. 532 ; 

United States. Hagbn (E.), 1885. 

Vienna. Pichler, 1887. Electric Central Station of the Imp. 

Cont. Gas Association. Ehrendorfbr and Melhuish, 1889. 

Westgate-on-Sea, the Jablochkoff system. 

Bennett (W. H.) and Valon. 
Yarmouth (Great). Information from various cities and towns. 

COCKRILL, 1891. 

ELECTRICITY (Electric Light, Arc-Lamps), 

Arc and Glow Lamps. Maier, 1886. 

Brush System. Brush (C. T.), 1879. 

Candles, Electric. Paris Exhibition. Allard, etc., 1882. 

Carbons, fluted craterless, for Arc Lighting. 

Douglass (Sir J. K), 1886. 
ELECTRICITY (Glow Lamps). Maier, 1886 ; Ram, 1893 ; Sawyer 

(W. R), 1881. Paris Exhibit. Allard, etc., 1882. 

Edison's Lamps. Du Moncel and Preece, 1882. 

Swan's electric light. Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1881. 

ELECTRICITY (Induction). Dove, 1843. 

Inductance and its proposed unit, the Henry. Kennelly, 1890. 
Induction and Conduction. Smith (Willoughby), 1885. 

Induction through Air and Water at great distances without the 
use of Parallel Wires. Stevenson (C. A.), 1893. 

Induction Machines. Boulanger, 1885. 

Static Electric Induction. Gordon (J. E. H.), 1879. 

Telegraphic Communication by Induction, by means of Coils. 

Stevenson (C. A.), 1894. 
Volta and Magneto-Electric Induction. Smith (Willoughby), 1884. 

ELECTRICITY (Motors). 

Electricity as a motive power. Du Moncel and Geraldy, 1883. 
Electric Motor and its applications. Martin (T. C.) and Wetzler, 

1887 ; Urquhart (J. W.), 1882. 
Electric Motors and their application to Electric Traction. 

Kapp, 1891. 

Continuous Current. Leblond, 1893. 

Waller-Manville System of Electric Traction. 

Waller (J. E.) and Manville, 1891. 

Work-measuring machines as applied to Electro-motors. 

Smith (F. J.) 1885. 
ELECTRICITY (Supply, etc.). 

Central Station management and finance. Foster (H. A.), 1891. 

Comparisons between the different systems of distributing 

Electricity. Robinson (Prof. H.), 1893. 



ELECTRICITY. 233 

ELECTRICITY (Supply, etc.)— conantted. 

Construction of Central Stations. Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1890. 

Distribution of Electricity. Forbes (G.), 1885 ; Picou, 1892. 

Tomlinson's Patents. Gordon (J. E. H.), 1890. 

Domestic Electric Lighting. 

Sequndo (E. C. de), 1892 ; Valettb (H.). 

Electrical Supplies. Woodhousb and Rawson, 1888. 

light in our Homes. Hammond, B., 1884 ; 

HosPiTALiER, 1885, '87 ; Juppont and Founder, 1889. 

In the house. Lefeybe, 1889. 

Electrical Distribution of heat, light and power. 

Brown (H. P.), 1889. 

Electric or Telegraphic Conductors, Improvements in. 

Newton (W. E.), 1864. 

France. Central Stations. France, 1894, p. 436. 

Generation and distribution from central stations. Krieo, 1888. 

Regulators in distribution. Marie, 1888. 

Relation between strength of an Electric Current and the 
diameter of Conductors to prevent overheating. 

Forbes (G.), 1884. 

Table of the relative weights and sizes of insulated copper con- 
ductors. Welch (E. J. C), 1884. 

ELECTRICITY (Testing and Measurement). 

Electrical Measurement. Clark (L.), 1868, 1872, 1874; 
Foster (C), 1879. Lectures. Jenkin (F.), 1867. Add. 512. 

Electrical Measurement. Arithmetic of Electrical Measurements. 

HoBBS (W. R. P.), 1887. 

Measure in absolute units. Blavier, 1881. 

Practical Electrical Measurement. Swinburne (J.), 1888. 

Electrical and Magnetic Measurement. Day (R. E.), 1876, 1885. 

Electrical Standardizing, Testing and Training Institution. 
Prospectus. Training of Electrical Engineers. 

Electrical Standardizing Inst., 1890, '93. 

Reports of Committee on Electrical Standards. Jenkin, 1 873. 

Electrical Testing, Handbook. Kempe, 1876, '87, '92. 

Electrical Units popularly explained. Swinburne (J.), 1883. 

Unit of Electrical resistance. Siemens (W. von), 1866. 

Electrometers. Bottomlet, 1878. 

Industrial Electrometry. Picou, 1882. 

Quadrant Electrometer. Hopkinson (J.), 1885, p. 74. 

Method of determining the value of rapid variations of a 

difference of potential by means of the Capillary 
Electrometer. Burch, 1890. 

Time relations of the Excursions of the Capillary Electro- 
meter. Burch, 1892. 
vol. I. 2 H 



234 BLEOTBIOITT. 

ELECTRICITY (Testing and Measurement) — continued. 

Galvanometer and its uses. Haskins (C. H.), 1884. 

Electrical Measurement and the Galvanometer. 

LocKWooD (J. D.), 1883. 
Measurement of electrical and magnetic quantities. 

Clausius, 1882. 
Besistance-Measurer. Siemens (Sir W.), 1867, p. 198. 

ELECTRICITY (Transmission op Power). 

Electric Power Installations, Rules. Phcbnix Fire Office, 1888. 

Electrical Power Storage Company. Public Supply of Electricity. 

Electrical Power, 1888, '89. 

Production and sale of Electrical Energy by central stations. 

Witz (A.), 1889. 

Transmission of power to a distance. Atkinson (P.), 1894 ; 

Beringer, 1883; Boulanger, 1887; Braun (P.), 1892; 

Graetz, 1883 ; Higgs (P.), 1879 '; Hillairet, 1884 ; 

Japing, 1883, '85 ; Luce, 1886 ; Siemens (A.) and Hopkin- 

son, 1883 ; Tresca, 1883 ; Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1893. 

Factories. Siemens (A.), 1893. 

Mining Operations. Snell (A. T.), 1889. 

For Mining Work. Sprague Electric Rly . and Motor Co. 1 888. 

Continuous Train. Hknard, 1887. 

Geometrical determination of the conditions of maximum 

efficiency in the case of transmission of power by means 
of alternating electric current. Blakesley, 1888. 

Electric Transmission of Energy and its transformation, 

sub-division and distribution. Kapp, 1886, '91 ; 

Kapp (G.), 1894. Add. 313. 

Electrical distribution of energy over extended areas in 

mines. Snell (A. T.), 1890. 

Creil, Experiments at. Lauriol, 1886. 

Niagara Falls. Forbes (G.), 1893. 

Rochester, N.Y., Electric Station of the Citizens Light and 
Power Co. of. Cartwright (R.), 1894. Add. 491. 

Tivoli to Rome, transmission of electrical energy from. £ anti, 1893. 

ELECTRICITY (Various Electrical Appliances). 

Unnoticed danger in certain apparatus for distribution of 

Electricity. Hopkinson (J.), 1885, p. 74. 

Use of certain Electrical Apparatus. Anonymous (1875), p. 55. 

ELECTRICITY (Electro-Chemistry). 

Electricity and Electro-Chemistry. Singer (G. J.), 1814. 

Inorganic. Gore (G.), 1888. 

ELECTRICITY (Electro-Dynamics). 

Theory. Mathieu, 1888 ; Weber (Wilhehn), 1892-94. 



ELECTRICITY — . 235 

ELECTRICITY (Electro-Magnetism). 

Comparison of the Electric circuit and the Magnetic circuit. 

NoBiLi, 1838. 

Connection with Telegraphy. Dub, 1863. 

Electricity and Magnetism, unity of. Clausius, 1882. 

Electro-magnet and Electro-magnetic Mechanism. 

Thompson (S. P.), 1892. 

Construction of Electro-magnets. Du Moncel, 1882, '83. 

Lifting power. Robinson (T. R.), 1852-59. 

Electro-magnetic Field, Dynamical Theory. Maxwell, 1865. 

Machine Tools. Rowan (F. J.), 1887. 

Motive Machines. Watkins (F.), 1838. 

Practical system of units. Siemens (Sir W.), 1882, p. 198. 

Telegraph Handbook. Lobing, 1878. 

Electro-magnetism, Popular treatise. Baghhoffner, 1838 ; 

Dub, 1861. 

Scientific Researches. Sturgeon (W.), 1852. 

And the construction of Dynamos. Jackson (D. C), 1893. 

Or Electro-dynamics, Popular Sketch of. 

Watkins (F.), 1828. 

Therapeutic application of, in the treatment of Rheumatic 

and Paralytic Affections. Froriep, 1850. 

Motions of the Earth and Heavenly Bodies as explained by 

electro-magnetic attraction and repulsion. 

Cunningham (P.), 1834. 
" Currie'* long pull Electro-magnet. Timmis (L A.), 1886. 

ELECTRICITY (Electro-Metallurgy). Balling, 1888; Borchers, 
1891; Gore (G.), 1877; Grabtz, 1883; Smee (A.), 1841. 

App. 377 ; Watt (A.), 1860. 

Application of, to the arts. Elkington and Co., 1844. 

Elements, or the art of working in metals by the galvanic 

fluid. Smee (A.), 1841. 

History. Dircks, 1863. 

Manual. Napier (J.), 1860. 

ELECTRICITY (Electrolysis). Jahn (H.), 1883 ; 

Japing, 1883, '85. 

Electro-Deposition: a practical treatise on the electrolysis of gold, 
silver, copper, etc. Watt (A.), 1886. 

Metallic resistance and chemical reaction. Marchese, 1884. 

Prevention of Electrolysis of Water Pipes. Goodell, 1894. 

Refining of metals and treatment of ores by means of electricity. 

Fontaine, 1885, '92. 

Sulphur and metallic salts, mechanical work consumed in their 
electrolisation. Marchese, 1884. 



236 ELBCTBICITY — EMBANKING. 

ELECTRICITY (Electro-Motive Force). 

Generation of Electro-motive force in the coalfields,' and its 
application to industrial centres. 

Thwaitb (B. H.), 1893, p. 312. 

Seat of electromotive forces in a voltaic cell. 

HoPKiNSON (J.), 1885. 

Treatment of electro-motive force between linear currents and 
conductors. Clausius, 1876. 

ELECTRO-BIOLOGY. Elements. Smeb (A.), 1849. 

ELECTRO-PLATING. Ubquhabt (J. W.), 1882, 1894. 

G«lvanoplastic Manipulations : a guide for the gold and silver 
Electroplater. Robeleub (A.), 1872. 

Practical Guide for Gold and Silver Electroplater: 

Wahl (W.), 1883. 

ELEPHANTS. Transport by railway. Clarke (H. W.), 1879. 

EUilPSE. 

Elements of the Ellipse. Adams (J.), 1818. 

Elliptical movements. New calculations. Sang (E.), 1879. 

EMBANKING. 

Determination of surface. Cuttings and embankments. 

Lalanne, 1850. 

Draining and consolidation. Bbuebe, 1858. 

Embanking Lands from the Sea. Wiggins (J.), 1852, '67. 

Embankments for retaining Water. Mabsh (J. T.), 1865. 

Methods of Calculating the Cubic Contents of Embankments by 
the aid of Diagrams. Tbautwine (J. C), 1887. 

Tables for calculating the cubic contents of Excavations and 
Embankments. Hudson (J. R.), 1886. 

India. Damoodah Embankments, Bengal, 1856-58. 

India, p. 110. 

Hidgelee Province Embankments. Report, 1861. 

India, p. 119. 
Mississippi. Principles and practice of embanking Lands from 
river-6oods as applied to " levees " of the. 

Hbwson (W.), 1860. 
Orissa Embankments. Report. Tatlob (William C), 1872. 

Scheldt (East). Hagen, 1867. 

Thames Embankment, Reports, Acts, Bills, Specifications, Con- 
tracts, etc. Thames River, pp. 292-294. 

Embankment between Blackf riars and Westminster Bridges. 

A letter. Wood (Thomas L.), 1859 

Proposed Isolated Embankment with side canal and marginal 

low-level intercepting sewer. Walmslet (E. B.), 1866. 



BMBROIDKBT — BNQINEEBING. 237 

EMBROIDERY. Art. Cole (A. S.), 1886, 

EMIGRATION. 

Emigration to the British Colonies. Bate, 1862. 

London National Benevolent Emigration Fund. Correspondence, 
1850. National Benevolent. 

National Colonial Emigration Society. Report, 1863. 

National Colonial. 

National importance of Emigration. Bagot (C. H.), 1863. 

Sidney's Emigrant's Journal. Pebiodical Publications, p. 25. 

America (North), Emigration to. Nelson (J.), 1869. 

Argentine Republic as a field for European Emigration. 

Latzina, 1883. 

Australia. Lancashire Distress and Emigration to Australia. 

Lancaster, 1863. 

Canada, advantages of Emigration to. Cattebmole, 1831. 

Successful Emigration to. Tanneb (H.), 1884. 

European. Heubtieb, 1854. 

India. Madras. Report of the Protector of Emigrants, 1859-60. 

India, p. 122. 

New Zealand. Immigration, 1871-72. New Zealand, p. 410. 

United States. Special Reports on Immigration. 

Young (E.), 1872. 

EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY. Report of Select Committee, 1877. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 

EMPLOYMENT. Chief cause of our want of it, with remedy. 

Standfield (tf.), 1880. 
ENCYCLOPEDIAS. See Dictionabies. 

ENERGY. See Poweb. 

ENGINEERING. 

Aid to Engineering Solution. Jackson (L. d'A.), 1885. 

Aid-book to Engineering Enterprise abroad. 

Matheson, 1878-81, '89. 

Aide-memoire de Ting^nieur. Huguenin, 1887. 

Annales du genie civil. Pebiodical Publications, p. 10. 

Annual Retrospect. Bubnell, 1862. 

Archiv ftir die ArtiUerie- und Ingenieur-Offiziere, etc. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 

Art of the Engineer. Bibot, 1869, '83. 

Building News and Engineering Journal. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 12. 

Cadet Engineer, or Steam for the Student. 

Long (J. H.) and Buel, 1865. 



238 ENGINEERING* 

ENGINEERING— con<tnttc«£. 

Civil Engineer and Architect. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Civil Engineering. Clegg (S.) jun., 1849 ; Hosking, 1841. 

Elementary Course, 1860. Rankinb (W. J. M.), 1863,' 73. 

Treatise, 1875. Mahan. 

Elements. Millington, 1843 ; Scott (M.), 1874, p. 176 ; 

Wheeler (J. B.), 1884. 

Civil Engineer, Function of, in the Work of Colonisation. 
DoBSON, 1887. Future prospects of the profession. 

Dawson (C. J. C), 1870. 

Civil Engineers' Pocket Book. Trautwine (J. C), 1872, 1888-94. 

Civil Engineers' and Contractors' Estimate and Price Book. 

Atchley, 1867. 

Civilingenieur. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Haldane, 1887, '90. Smith 
(William), Noble and Smith, 1877. MS. Letters on, 

Tredgold (T.) 

Collegio degl' Ingeneri ed Architetti. Naples. Add. 522. 

Colonial Engineers, Information for. Pt. 1, Ceylon ; pt. 2, Southern 

Africa; pt. 3, India. Spon (E. & F. N.), 1875-77. 

Dictionary of Engineering. Appleton (D.), 1857. 

Spons' dictionary. Byrne (O.), 1869-81. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Dictionary of terms 

used in. Weale (J.), 1849-50, 1875. 

Encyclo|)8edia of Civil Engineering. Crest, 1847. 

Engineer. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Who is he and what has he done? 

Haupt (L. M.), 1885. 

Engineer of the Future. Babr (A.), 1888. 

Engineer and Machinist. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineer and Machinist's Assistant. Anonymous, 1853, p. 44. 

Engineer and Machinist's Drawing Book. 

Anonymous, 1853, p. 44. 
Engineers' Club Papers. Philadelphia, 1878, p. 33. 

Engineers' Companion and Pocket Table Book. 

Scribner (J. M.), 1878. 

Engineers' Compendium. Sears (J. E.), 1888-90. 

Engineers' Field Book. Cross (C. S.), 1890. 

Engineers' Handbook. Lowndes (C. S.), 1860. 

Engineers' Handbook to the Local Marine Board Examinations. 

AiNSLEY, 1868, 1886; Reed (T.), 1879; Thorn (W.H.), 1885. 
Engineers' Handy Book. Roper (S.), 1881. 

Engineers' Holiday. Pidgeon, 1882. 

Engineers' Journal. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineers' Pocket Book. Adcock (T.), 1861-88. 



ENGINEEBING. 239 

ENGINEERING— con<tntte<2. 

Engineers' Pocket Book for 1862-3, 1867-1880. 

Anonymous. Add. 481. 

Engineers* Price Books, Diary and Reference Books, etc. 

Spon (E. and F. N.), 1876-92 

Engineers' Year-Book of formolse, rules, tables, data and 
memoranda. Kempe (H. R.), 1894. 

Engineers and Officials. Anonymous, 1856, p. 45. 

Engineering. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 

Engineering and Mining Journal. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 

Engineering as a Learned Profession. 

Thubston (R. H.), 1894, p. 309. 

Engineering during the last half century. 

Vebnon-Habcoubt (L. F.), 1891. 
Engineering Calculations. Calculating Series. GANGARam, 1884. 

Engineering Club. Rio de Janeiro. 

Engineering Construction. Phipps, 1874 

Pattern Making. Anonymous, 1885, p. 51 

Construction in Iron, Steel and Timber. 

Wabben (W. H.), 1894 

Engineering Drawing. Clabke (G. S.), 1884 ; Workman's 
Manual. Maxton, 1886. 

Engineering Estimates, Cost and Accounts. 

Anonymous, 1890, p. 44. 
Engineering Exchange, London. Bolton (R.), 1892. 

Engineering Pacts and Figures. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 
Engineering Field Work. Bbuff (P.), 1840. 

Engineering Literature, Index. 

Association of Engineering Societies. 
Engineering News. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 

Engineering notes. Robebtson (F.), 1873. 

Engineering Plagiarist, or Dodd from Phillips exposed. 

Anonymous, 1795, p. 45. 
Engineering Science handbook. Begkeb (M.), 1857-61. 

Engineering and Architecture. The line of demarkation between. 

Wilson (Joseph M.), 1887. 
Engineering and Engineers. Mabtindale, 1871. 

Foreman Engineer and Draughtsman. 

Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 
Formularies for the Engineer. Abmengaud, 1881. 

General and alphabetical handbook. Richabd (G. T.), 1848-54. 
G6me civil. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 

G6nie industriel. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 15. 

Giomale del genio civile. Pebiodigal Publications, p. 16. 

Glossary. Bbees, 1841, 1853. 



240 ENQIKEBRINla. 

ENGINEERING— continued. 

Graphic tables. Lalanne, 1846, 1879. 

High School for Mathematics and Engineering Prospectus, 1841. 

High School. 
Hints to young Engineers. Wilson (Joseph W.), 1874. 

Ingegneria civile e le arti iDdustriali. 

Periodical Publications, p. 16. 
Ingener [Russian]. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Ingenieur : Journal scientifique. Periodical Publications, p. 17. 
Ingenieur: Zeitschrift. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Ingenieur Kalender. Fehland, 1882, etc. 

Ingenieurs Taschenbuch. Anonymous, 1887, 1892, p. 47. 

Machinery and Appliances used in Engineering Works. 

Hill (W.), 1886. 

Manuel de Tingenieur. Colombo, 1882. 

Materials of Engineering. Thurston (R. H.), 1883, p. 310. 

Mechanical Engineering. Adams (H.), 1883 ; Campin, 1863 ; 
Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1860, p. 403 ; Imrat and Biggs ; 

LiNEHAM (W. J.), 1894. Add. 515. 

Complete course of Mechanical Engineering drawing. 

Armengaud (J. E.), 1853. 

Developments of, during the last half century. 

Bramwbll (Sir F. J.), 1882, p. 169. 

Graphics applied to. Smith (Robert H.), 1889. 

Mechanical Engineering Materials, properties and treatment in 

construction. Marks (E. C. R.), 1893. 

Mechanical Engineering Students, Advice to. 

Perry (Prof. J.), 1888, p.. 29. 
Mechanical Enginews, Handbook for. Adams (H.), 1891-93. 

Office Book. Foley, 1881. Reference Book, Foley, 1891. 

Bules, tables and data for Mechanical Engineers. 

Clark (D. K.), 1877. 
Mechanical Principles. Moseley, 1843, '55. 

Mechanic's, machinist's and engineer's book of reference. 

Haslbtt, 1871. 
Mechanics of Engineering. 

Church (J. P.), 1888; Whewell (W.), 1841. 
Mechanics' Own Book. Spon (E. and F. N.), 1886. 

Military Engineering, elementary course. Mahan, 1867. 

Text book of. Wheeler (J. B.), 1884. 

Models, need of, and drawings to accompany communications 

relative to the construction and details of Engineering 

Works. Grainger (T.), 1849. 

Modern Engineering. McAlpine, 1874 ; Record of its progress, 

1863-66. HuMBER. 



ENGINEERIK6. 241 

ENGINEERING- continued. 

Modem Mechaniccbl Engineering and Machine Making. 

Burn (R. S.), 1888. 
Municipal Engineering Boulnois, 1891. 

Municipal and Sanitary Engineers' Handbook. 

BouLNOis, 1888, 1892. 

Notes and formulae of the Engineer and the Constructor Mechan- 
ician. Lahabpe, 1893. 

Outside the class-room : thoughts for young engineers. 

Bailey (W. H.), 1891. 
Papers on Engineering. Wbalb (J.), 1843-49. 

Paris Exhibition of 1878. Engineering at. 

MoBisoN (G. S.), North, and Bogart, 1878. 

Past Progress and Present Results in some branches. Powbie, 1888. 

Pioneer Engineering : Operations connected with the settlement 
of waste lands in new countries. Dobson, 1877. 

Pocketbook. Nystbom, 1870. 

Pocketbook of Engineering. Ganga Ram, 1888. Add. 502. 

Pocketbook of useful Formulae and Memoranda for Civil and 
Mechanical Engineers. 

MoLESwoBTH, 1863, 71, '76, 79, '90, '93. 

Politecnico. Giomale dell' ingegneri, architetti civili ed industriali. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 21. 

Ponts et Chaussees, ilfecole des. Fbance, 1834, '70, p. 435; 
GoEUBY, 1806-7 ; Lesage, 1810; Saint Tenant (A. J. C. B. de), 

1838. Works. Coubtin, 1812. 

Annales des Conducteurs des Ponts et Chaussees. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 10. 

Annales des Ponts et Chaussees. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. lOj 

Annuaire du Corps Royale des Ponts et Chaussees, etc. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 

Canals, Suspension Bridges, Dams, etc. Cobdieb, 1823-28. 

Catalogues 1872, '73, '81, '86. Collection of designs, 1820, 

1857, etc. Decrets, 1867. Laboratories, 1891. Lectures, 
1847, etc. Notes, 1844, etc. Programmes, etc. 

Pabis, pp. 453-54. 

Conditions imposed on Contractors. Chatignieb, 1857. 

Course of construction, with applications drawn from the 

art of the engineers of the " Ponts et Chaussees." 

Sganzin, 1839-41. 

Dictionary. Exchaqubt, 1787. 

Hainaut. Hainaut, 1879. 

Laws, etc. Potbblet, 1820. 

Manual, 1871-78. Materials of Construction, 1885. 

Debauve. 

vol. I. 2 I 



242 ENQINEfiBINtil. 

ENGINEERING— con<iwweri. 

Fonts et Chaussees, &ole des. Manuel du Conducteur. 

Endbes, 1857. 

France and England. DuPiK, 1818, '20. 

Mode of recruiting for the Corps des ponts et chaussees. 

Soci^T^ des Ingenieurs Civils, 1848. 

Models, charts, etc., relating to the works of the " Ponts et 

Chaussees" and mines. Philadelphia (1876), p. 33. 

Practical Engineer's Handbook. Hutton (W. S.), 1887. 

" Practical Engineer " Pocket Book and Diary. 

Anokymous, 1891, etc., p. 52. 

Principles and practice of Civil Engineering. 

CONYBEABE, 1857-59. 

Railroad and Engineering Journal. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 22. 

Rivista di Artiglieria e genio. Pebiodical Publications, p. 24. 

Road book for Engineers. Eyth, 1871. 

Romance of Engineering. Fbith, 1892. 

Royal Engineer. Head (Sir F. B.), 1869. 

Aide-Memoire for the use of officers. Formulae, tables, etc. 

Cooke (A. C), 1876-83. 

Department : its work and estimates. 

Royal Engineers, 1862. 

Field Operations at Kassassin and the lines of Tel-el-Kebir. 

Royal Engineers, 1882. 

Field service Pocketbook. 

ScoTT-MoNCBiEPF (Major G. K.), 1894. 

History of the Corps. Pobtee (W.), 1889. 

Royal Engineers Journal. Pebiodical Publications, p. 24. 

Operations conducted by the Corps of the Royal Engineers. 

From the invasion of the Crimea to the fall of Sebastopol. 

Royal Engineers, 1859. 
' Professional Papers and others relating to the Corps. 

Royal Engineers, 1837-77, 1893. 

Report on employment of Royal Engineers in civil depart- 

ments of the State. Royal Engineers, 1871. 

Rudiments of Civil Engineering. Law (H.), 1850, '54, '62, '81. 

Sanitary. See Sanitation. 

Sappers and Miners. Handbook for officers. 

Pasteub (J. D.), 1837-38. 

Scales. System and List of Scales of equal parts applicable to 

Engineering. Holtzapppel (C), 1838 ; 

Holtzappfel (C), 1838. App. 562. 
Science and Art of the Engineer. Collignon (E.), 1892. 

Science of the Engineer. Claudel, 1857. 

Specifications and Contracts. Haupt (L. M.), 1878. 



ENGINEERING. 243 

ENGINEERING— con<tnt*e(l. 

Specifications o£ Works (Civil and Mechanical Engineering). 

Blenkabn, 1865. 
Study. Knight (Cameron), 1869. 

Study and practice. Fidler, 1891. 

Stummer's Ingenieur. Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Surveyor, Engineer, and Architect. 

Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Tables, formulas, etc. Cantalupi, 1852 ; Lacboix (E.), 1869-88. 

Theory. Groshop, 1879-90. 

Theory and practice of the art of the engineer and of the con- 
structor of machines, etc. Vigreux (L.), 1887. 

Useful Information for Engineers. 

Fairba^bn (Sir W.), 1856-66, p. 403. 

Van Nostrand's Eclectic Engineering Magazine. 

Periodical Publications, p. 26. 
Works Manager's Handbook. Hutton (W. S.), 1855, '90. 

Workshop manipulation. Its Economy. Richaeds (J.), 1876. 

Workshop Receipts. Spon (E. and F. N.), 1873-92. 

Workshops. Establishment at Creusot. Creusot, 1828. 

Chevalier (V.), ain6. Inventions. 

Cheyalieb, 1824. App. 551. 

Establishment of John Cockerill at Seraing. Lecocq, 1854. 

Workshops of M. Hallette. S^quieb (A. P.), 1846. 

Young Engineer's Own Book. Ropeb (S.), 1884. 

America, North, Civil Engineering of . Stevenson (D.), 1838, '59. 
Argentine Republic. Abgentine. 

Australia, South, Engineering Department. Return of Employes. 

South Australia, 1867, p. 227. 
Bayerischer Architekten- und Ingeniieur-Verein. 

Batebischeb, 1874-77. 
Bristol, Engineer's views on the government of; Bbistol, 1893. 
British Engineers, Considerations on the Establishment of; 

Bbuce (R. G.), 1768. Future of. Pbelleb, 1893. 

Engineering Notes from England. 

Tbautwinb (J, C), junior, 1889. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineerings in Lancashire and 

Cheshire. Faibbaibn (Sir W.), 1869, p. 403. 

Scotland, Marine, Hydraulic, and Sanitary Engineering in. 

ROBEBTSON (G.), 1867. 

Cape Colony. Report of the Colonial Engineer for 1863. 

Cape Colony, 1864, p. 221 
Germany. Deutsche Bauzeitung. Pebiodical Publications, p. 13. 

India. Cunningham (A.), 1871-8; Danvebs, 1868. Examina- 
• tion Papers, 1851-68, 1859-69. India, pp. 100, 101. 



244 ENGINESBINQ. 

ENGINEERING— con«tnt*ed. 

India. Excess of supply. Civil Engineers, 1878. India, p. 101. 

Executive Engineers in the Sind jfrovince. fleports, 

1855-7, 1857-8. India, p. 131. 

Grievances in the Public Works Department, 1869, 77, '86, 

'88, '90. India, pp. 100, 101. 

Indian Engineer. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Indian Engineering. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Indian Engineering, Professional Papers on. 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1864-86. 

- Bombay Engineers. Reports, 1846, etc. India, p. 111. 

Madras Presidency Corps of Engineera. Reports, papers, 

etc., on professional subjects connected with their duties. 

India, 1839-59. Add. 510. 
— — Roorkee Treatise on Civil Engineering. 

Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1866-77. 

Italy. Congresso degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti Italiani. 

CONORESSO, 1884. 

International Congress of Engineers and Architects, Palermo, 

1889. International Congress o£ E. and A. 

Engineering and Architectural College. Rome. 

Rome, 1880-85. 
Madrid. Corps of Engineers. Martinez, 1864. 

Escuela de ingenieros de caminos, canales y puertos. 

Lopez (M.), 1863; Madrid, 1865-86; Madrid. 

Add. 517. 
New South Wales. History of Civil Engineering. 

Warren (W. H.), 1888. 
Spain. International Congress on Engineering. Barcelona, 1888. 

International Congress on E. 
Switzerland. Soci^te Yaudoise des Ing^nieurs. Bulletin. 

Soci^Ti Yaudoise des Ingenieurs, 1876, etc. 
Tasmania. Reports. Bell (C. N.). 

Turin Exhibition, 1884, Engineering at the. Sacheri. 

United States. Matters of interest to Engineers in the United 

States. Head (J.), 1891. 

American Engineer. Periodical Publications, p. 9. 

Yisit of American Engineers to the United Kingdom. 

Reception by the Mayor of Liverpool. 1889. 

Liverpool, p. 246. 

American Society of Civil Engineers. 

American Soc. of C. E. 

American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 

American Soc. of M. E. 

Arkansas Society of Engineers, etc. Arkansas Soc. 

Boston, Mass. Reports of the City Engineer, 1876, <fec. 

Boston, p. 155. 



ENGINEERING — EPIDEMICS. 245 

ENGINEERING— conitnwed. 

United States. California. Report of State Engineer. 

California, 1880-81. 

Chicago International Engineering Congress. Papers read, 

etc., at the Civil, Military, and Naval Engineering 
Divisions. International Eng. Cong. ; Chicago, 

1893-4. Add. 491-2. 

Colorado, Report of the State Engineer, 1885-90. Colorado. 

New York Submarine Engineering Company, Prospectus, 

1860. New York Submarine. 

ENGRAVING. Bbvan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 8. 

Art of Copying Engravings. Thermography. Hunt (R.), 1842. 
Report on the process of Eiigraving. . Vial (E,), 1864. 

ENSILAGE. 

Preservation of Com by Ensilage. Doy^irb, 1856, '62. 

Remarks on Ensilage. Robinson (Prof. H.), 1885. 

ENTOMOLOGY, United States, Entomology. 

United States, pp. 344, 345. 

Noctuidae. Grotb (A. R.), 1878. 

EPIDEMICS. 

Duty of Engineers in sudden epidemics. K(}mmel, 1893. 

Prevention of. Chadwick (Sir E.), 1882, p. 236. Prevention of 
children's epidemics by sanitation. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1887, p. 235. 
Cholera. Haly (G. T.), 1866. 

Cholera and the Water Supply. Main (D. D.), 1853. 

Causes, prevention, and cure. Anonymous, 1831, p. 42. 

Diarrhoea and dysentery. Jeanneret, 1857. 

Nature and treatment. Drysdale, 1866. 

Prompt and easy cure. Jeannebet, 1865. 

England. Reports, 1848-49. Report on Mortality in 

England. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

1854. Letter of President of Board of Health ; Report of 

Committee for Scientific Inquiries ; Report of Medical 
Council of Board of Health ; Report of results of 
different methods of treatment. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

1866. Report by Dr. W. Farr. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Gibraltar, 1865. Gibraltar. 

Hamburg and Altona, Cholera at. Kummel, 1893. 

■ India. Cholera epidemic in coimection with the Bengal 
Cyclone, 1877. India, p. 110. 



236 ELECTRICITY — EMBANKING. 

ELECTRICITY (Elbctro-Motive Force). 

Ceneration of Electro-motive force in the coalfields, and its 
application to industrial centres. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1893, p. 312. 

Seat of electromotiye forces in a voltaic cell. 

HoPKiNSON (J.), 1885. 

Treatment of electro-motive force between linear currents and 
conductors. Clausius, 1876. 

ELECTRO-BIOLOGY. Elements. Smee (A.), 1849. 

ELECTRO-PLATING. Urquhart (J. W.), 1882, 1894. 

Galvanoplastic Manipulations : a guide for the gold and silver 
Electroplater. Roseleur (A.), 1872. 

Practical Guide for Gold and Silver Electroplater: 

Wahl (W.), 1883. 

ELEPHANTS. Transport by raUway. Clarke (H. W.), 1879. 

ELLIPSE. 

Elements of the Ellipse. Adams (J.), 1818. 

Elliptical movements. New calculations. Sang (E.), 1879. 

EMBANKING. 

Determination of surface. Cuttings and embankments. 

IaA.lanne, 1850. 

Draining and consolidation. Brubre, 1858. 

Embanking Lands from the Sea. Wiggins (J.), 1852, '67. 

Embankments for retaining Water. Marsh (J. T.), 1865. 

Methods of Calculating the Cubic Contents of Embankments by 
the aid of Diagrams. Trautwine (J. C), 1887. 

Tables for calculating the cubic contents of Excavations and 
Embankments. Hudson (J. R.), 1886. 

India. Damoodah Embankments, Bengal, 1856-58. 

India, p. 110. 

Hidgelee Province Embankments. Report, 1861. 

India, p. 119. 
Mississippi. Principles and practice of embanking Lands from 
river-floods as applied to " levees " of the. 

Hewson (W.), 1860. 
Orissa Embankments. Report. Taylor (William C), 1872. 

Scheldt (East). Hagen, 1867. 

Thames Embankment, Reports, Acts, Bills, Specifications, Con- 
tracts, etc. Thames River, pp. 292-294. 

Embankment between Blackf riars and Westminster Bridges. 

A letter. Wood (Thomas L.), 1859 

Proposed Isolated Embankment with side canal and marginal 

low-level intercepting sewer. Walmsley (E. B.), 1865. 



EMBBOIDBBY — ENGINEEBINO. 237 

EMBROIDERY. Art. Cole (A. S.), 1886. 

EMIGRATION. 

Emigration to the British Colonies. Bate, 1862. 

London National Benevolent Emigration Fund. Correspondence, 

1850. National Benevolent. 

National Colonial Emigration Society. Report, 1863. 

National Colonial. 

National importance of Emigration. Bagot (C. H.), 1863. 

Sidney's Emigrant's Journal. Pbbiodical Publications, p. 25. 

America (North), Emigration to. Nelson (J.), 1869. 

Argentine Republic as a field for European Emigration. 

Latzina, 1883. 

Australia. Lancashire Distress and Emigration to Australia. 

Langasteb, 1863. 
Canada, advantages of Emigration to. Cattebmole, 1831. 

Successful Emigration to. Tanneb (H.), 1884. 

European. Heubtieb, 1854. 

India. Madras. Report of the Protector of Emigrants, 1859-60. 

India, p. 122. 

New Zealand. Immigration, 1871-72. New Zealand, p. 410. 

United States. Special Reports on Immigration. 

Young (E.), 1872. 

EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY. Report of Select Committee, 1877. 

Pabliamentaby . . Papers, p. 477. 

EMPLOYMENT. Chief cause of our want of it, with remedy. 

Standfield (J.), 1880. 
ENCYCLOPJBDIAS. See Dictionabies. 

ENERGY. See Poweb. 

ENGINEERING. 

Aid to Engineering Solution. Jackson (L. d'A.), 1885. 

Aid-book to Engineering Enterprise abroad. 

Matheson, 1878-81, '89. 

Aide-memoire de Fing^nieur. Hugubnin, 1887. 

Annales du g^nie civil. Pebiodical Publications, p. 10. 

Annual Retrospect. Bubnell, 1862. 

Archiv f tir die ArtiQerie- und Ingenieur-Offiziere, etc. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 
Art of the Engineer. Bibot, 1869, '83. 

Building News and Engineering Journal. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 12. 

Cadet Engineer, or Steam for the Student. 

Long (J. H.) and Buel, 1865. 



238 EKGINEERINQ. 

ENGINEERING— con<tnttcrf. 

Civil Engineer and Architect. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Civil Engineering. Cleog (S.) jun., 1849 ; Hosking, 1841. 

Elementary Course, 1860. Rankinb (W. J. M.), 1863,' 73. 

Treatise, 1875. Mahan. 

Elements. Millington, 1843; Scott (M.), 1874, p. 176; 

Wheeler (J. B.), 1884. 

Civil Engineer, Function of, in the Work of Colonisation. 
DoBSON, 1887. Future prospects of the profession. 

Dawson (C. J. C), 1870. 

Civil Engineers' Pocket Book. Trautwine (J. C), 1872, 1888-94. 

Civil Engineers' and Contractors' Estimate and Price Book. 

Atchley, 1867. 

Civilingenieur. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Haldane, 1887, '90. Smith 
(William), Noble and Smith, 1877. MS. Letters on, 

Tredgold (T.) 

Collegio degl' Ingeneri ed Architetti. Naples. Add. 522. 

Colonial Engineers, Information for. Pt. 1, Ceylon ; pt. 2, Southern 

Africa ; pt. 3, India. Spon (E. & F. N.), 1875-77. 

Dictionary of Engineering. Appleton (D.), 1857. 

Spons' dictionary. Btrne (0.), 1869—81. 

' Civil and Mechanical Engineering. Dictionary of terms 

used in. Weale (J.), 1849-50, 1875. 

Encyclo]()8edia of Civil Engineering. Cresy, 1847. 

Engineer. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Who is he and what has he done? 

Haupt (L. M.), 1885. 

Engineer of the Future. Babr (A.), 1888. 

Engineer and Machinist. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineer and Machinist's Assistant. Anonymous, 1853, p. 44. 

Engineer and Machinist's Drawing Book. 

Anonymous, 1853, p. 44. 
Engineers' Club Papers. Philadelphia, 1878, p. 33. 

Engineers' Companion and Pocket Table Book. 

SCRIBNER (J. M.), 1878. 

Engineers' Compendium. Sears (J. E.), 1888-90. 

Engineers' Field Book. Cross (C. S.), 1890. 

Engineers' Handbook. Lowndes (C. S.), 1860. 

Engineers' Handbook to the Local Marine Board Examinations. 

Ainsley, 1868, 1886; Reed (T.), 1879; Thorn (W.H.), 1885. 
Engineers' Handy Book. Roper (S.), 1881. 

Engineers' Holiday. Pidgeon, 1882. 

Engineers' Journal. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineers' Pocket Book. Adcock (T.), 1861-88. 



ENGINEERING. 239 

ENGINEERING— con«tnttC(2. 

Engineers' Pocket Book for 1862-3, 1867-1880. 

Anonymous. Add. 481. 

Engineers' Price Books, Diary and Reference Books, etc. 

Spon (E. and F. N.), 1876-92 

Engineers' Year-Book of formulae, rules, tables, data and 
memoranda. Kbmpe (H. R.), 1894. 

Engineers and Officials. Anonymous, 1856, p. 45. 

Engineering. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineering and Mining Journal. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 
Engineering as a Learned Profession. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1894, p. 309. 
Engineering during the last half century. 

Vernon-Harcourt (L. F.), 1891. 
Engineering Calculations. Calculating Series. GANGARam, 1884. 

Engineering Club. Rio de Janeiro. 

Engineering Construction. Phipps, 1874 

Pattern Making. Anonymous, 1885, p. 51 

Construction in Iron, Steel and Timber. 

Warren (W. H.), 1894 

Engineering Drawing. Clarke (G. S.), 1884 ; Workman's 
Manual. Maxton, 1886. 

Engineering Estimates, Cost and Accounts. 

Anonymous, 1890, p. 44. 
Engineering Exchange, London. Bolton (R.), 1892. 

Engineering Facts and Figures. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 
Engineering Field Work. Brufp (P.), 1840. 

Engineering Literature, Index. 

Association of Engineering Societies. 
Engineering News. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Engineering notes. Robertson (F.), 1873. 

Engineering Plagiarist, or Dodd from Phillips exposed. 

Anonymous, 1795, p. 45. 
Engineering Science handbook. Becker (M.), 1857-61. 

Engineering and Architecture. The line of demarkation between. 

Wilson (Joseph M.), 1887. 
Engineering and Engineers. Martindale, 1871. 

Foreman Engineer and Draughtsman. 

Periodical Publications, p. 15. 
Formularies for the Engineer. Armengaud, 1881. 

General and alphabetical handbook. Richard (G. T.), 1848-54. 
G^nie civil. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Genie industriel. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 

Giomale del genio civile. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Glossary. Brees, 1841, 1853. 



240 BKQINBERING. 

ENGINEERING— coniintted. 

Graphic tables. Lalanne, 1846, 1879. 

High School for Mathematics and Engineering Prospectus, 1841. 

High School. 
Hints to young Engineers. Wilsow (Joseph W.), 1874. 

Ingegneria civile e le arti industriaU. 

Periodical Publications, p. 16. 
Ingener [Russian], Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Ingenieur : Journal scientiiique. Periodical Publications, p. 17. 
Ingenieur: Zeitschrift. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Ingenieur Kalender. Fehland, 1882, etc. 

Ingenieurs Taschenbuch. Anonymous, 1887, 1892, p. 47. 

Machinery and Appliances used in Engineering Works. 

Hill (W.), 1886. 
Manuel de Tingenieur. Colombo, 1882. 

Materials of Engineering. Thurston (R. H.), 1883, p. 310. 

Mechanical Engineering. Adams (H.), 1883 ; Campin, 1863 ; 
Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1860, p. 403; Imray and Biggs; 

LiNEHAM (W. J.), 1894. Add. 515. 

Complete course of Mechanical Engineering drawing. 

Armengaud (J. E.), 1853. 

Developments of, during the last half century. 

Bramwell (Sir F. J.), 1882, p. 169. 

Graphics applied to. Smith (Robert H.), 1889. 

Mechanical Engineering Materials, properties and treatment in 

construction. Marks (E. C. R.), 1893. 

Mechanical Engineering Students, Advice to. 

Perry (Prof. J.), 1888, p.. 29. 
Mechanic^ Engineers, Handbook for. Adams (H.), 1891-93. 

Office Book. Foley, 1881. Reference Book, Foley, 1891. 

Rules, tables and data for Mechanical Engineers. 

Clark (D. K.), 1877. 
Mechanical Principles. Mosbley, 1843, '55. 

Mechanic's, machinist's and engineer's book of reference. 

Haslett, 1871. 
Mechanics of Engineering. 

Church (J. P.), 1888; Whewell (W.), 1841. 
Mechanics' Own Book. Spon (E. and F. N.), 1886. 

Military Engineering, elementary course. Mahan, 1867. 

Text book of. Wheeler (J. B.), 1884. 

Models, need of, and drawings to accompany communications 

relative to the construction and details of Engineering 

Works. Grainger (T.), 1849. 

Modem Engineering. Mc'Alpine, 1874 ; Becord of its progress, 

1863-66. HuMBER. 



EN0INEERIK6. 241 

ENGINEERING- continued. 

Modem Mechaniccil Engineering and Machine Making. 

Burn (R. S.), 1888. 
Municipal Engineering ' Boulkois, 1891. 

Municipal and Sanitary Engineers' Handbook. 

BouLNois, 1888, 1892. 

Notes and formulae of the Engineer and the Constructor Mechan- 
ician. Lahabpe, 1893. 

Outside the class-room : thoughts for young engineers. 

Bailey (W. H.), 1891. 

Papers on Engineering. Wbalb (J.), 1843-49. 

Paris Exhibition of 1878. Engineering at. 

MoBisoN (G. S.), North, and Bogart, 1878. 

Past Progress and Present Results in some branches. Powbib, 1888. ' 

Pioneer Engineering : Operations connected with the settlement 

of waste lands in new countries. Dobson, 1877. 

Pocketbook. Nystbom, 1870. 

Pocketbook of Engineering. Gakga Ram, 1888. Add. 502. 

Pocketbook of useful Formulae and Memoranda for Civil and 
Mechanical Engineers. 

MoLBSwoBTH, 1863, 71, 76, 79, '90, '93. 

Politecnico. Giomale dell' ingegneri, architetti civili ed industriah. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 21. 

Ponts et Chaussees, ifecole des. Fbancb, 1834, '70, p. 435; 
GoEUBY, 1806-7 ; Lesagb, 1810; Saint Tenant (A. J. C.B. de), 

1838. Works. Coubtin, 1812. 

Annales des Conducteurs des Ponts et Chaussees. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 10. 

Annales des Ponts et Chaussees. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. lOj 

Annuaire du Corps Royale des Ponts et Chaussees, etc. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 11. 

Canals, Suspension Bridges, Dams, etc. Cobdieb, 1823-28. 

Catalogues 1872, 73, '81, '86. CoUection of designs, 1820, . 

1857, etc. Decrets, 1867. Laboratories, 1891. Lectures, 
1847, etc. Notes, 1844, etc. Programmes, etc. 

Pabis, pp. 453-54. 

Conditions imposed on Contractors. Chatignibb, 1857. 

Course of construction, with applications drawn from the 

art of the engineers of the " Ponts et Chaussees." 

Sganzin, 1839-41. 

Dictionary. Exchaqubt, 1787. 

Hainaut. Hainaut, 1879. 

Laws, etc. Poteblbt, 1820. 

Manual, 1871-78. Materials of Construction, 1885. 

Dbbauve. 

VOL. I. 2 I 



242 ENQINEERINtil. 

ENGINEERING— cow<iwM«ri. 

Fonts et Chaussees, &ole des. Manuel du Conducteur. 

Endres, 1857. 

France and England. DuPiK, 1818, '20. 

Mode of recruiting for the Corps des ponts et chauss6es. 

Soci^T^ des Ingenieurs Civils, 1848. 

Models, charts, etc., relating to the works of the " Fonts et 

Chaussees" and mines. Fhiladelphia (1876), p. 33. 

Fractical Engineer's Handbook. Hutton (W. S.), 1887. 

" Fractical Engineer " Focket Book and Diary. 

Anonymous, 1891, etc., p. 52. 

Frinciples and practice of Civil Engineering. 

CONYBBARE, 1857-59. 

Railroad and Engineering Journal. 

Feriomcal Publications, p. 22. 

Rivista di Artiglieria e genio. Fbriodicai* Fublications, p. 24. 

Road book for Engineers. Eyth, 1871. 

Romance of Engineering. Frith, 1892. 

Royal Engineer. Head (Sir F. B.), 1869. 

Aide-Memoire for the use of officers. Formulae, tables, etc. 

CooKE (A. C), 1876-83. 

Department : its work and estimates. 

Royal Engineers, 1862. 

Field Operations at Kassassin and the lines of Tel-el-Kebir. 

Royal Engineers, 1882. 

Field service Focketbook. 

ScoTT-MoNCRiEPF (Major G. K.), 1894. 

History of the Corps. Forter (W.), 1889. 

Royal Engineers Journal Feriodical Fublications, p. 24. 

Operations conducted by the Corps of the Royal Engineers. 

From the invasion of the Crimea to the fall of Sebastopol. 

Royal Engineers, 1859. 

' Frofessional Fapers and others relating to the Corps. 

Royal Engineers, 1837-77, 1893. 

Report on employment of Royal Engineers in civil depart- 

ments of the State. Royal Engineers, 1871. 

Rudiments of Civil Engineering. Law (H.), 1850, '54, '62, '81. 
Sanitary. See Sanitation. 

Sappers and Miners. Handbook for officers. 

Fasteur (J. D.), 1837-38. 

Scales. System and List of Scales of equal parts applicable to 

Engineering. Holtzapppel (C), 1838 ; 

HoLTZAPPFEL (C), 1838. App. 562. 
Science and Art of the Engineer. Collignon (E.), 1892. 

Science of the Engineer. Claudel, 1857. 

Specifications and Contracts. Haupt (L. M.), 1878. 



ENGINEERING. 243 

ENGINEERING— con^intiei. 

Specifications o£ Works (Civil and Mechanical Engineering). 

Blenkabn, 1865. 
Study. Knight (Cameron), 1869. 

Study and practice. Fidler, 1891. 

Stummer's Ingenieur. Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Surveyor, Engineer, and Architect. 

Periodical Publications, p. 25. 

Tables, formulas, etc. Cantalupi, 1852 ; Lacroix (E.), 1869-88. 

Theory. Groshop, 1879-90. 

Theory and practice of the art of the engineer and of the con- 
structor of machines, etc. Vigreux (L.), 1887. 

Useful Information for Engineers. 

Fairba;rn (Sir W.), 1856-66, p. 403. 

Van Nostrand's Eclectic Engineering Magazine. 

Periodical Publications, p. 26. 
Works Manager's Handbook. Hutton (W. S.), 1855, '90. 

Workshop manipulation. Its Economy. Richards (J.), 1876. 

Workshop Receipts. Spon (E. and F. N.), 1873-92. 

Workshops. Establishment at Creusot. Creusot, 1828. 

-^— Chevalier (V.), ain6. Inventions. 

Chevalier, 1824. App. 551. 

Establishment of John Cockerill at Seraing. Lecocq, 1854. 

Workshops of M. Hallette. Siguier (A. P.), 1846. 

Young Engineer's Own Book. Roper (S.), 1884. 

America, North, Civil Engineering of . Stevenson (D.), 1838, '59. 
Argentine Republic. Argentine. 

Australia, South, Engineering Department. Return of Employes. 

South Australia, 1867, p. 227. 
Bayerischer Architekten- und Ingenieur- Verein. 

Baterischer, 1874-77. 

Bristol, Engineer's views on the government of. Bristol, 1893. 

British Engineers, Considerations on the Establishment of; 

Bruce (R. G.), 1768. Future of. Preller, 1893. 

Engineering Notes from England. 

Trautwinb (J. C), junior, 1889. 

Civil and Mechanical Engineerings in Lancashire and 

Cheshire. Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1869, p. 403. 

Scotland, Marine, Hydraulic, and Sanitary Engineering in. 

Robertson (G.), 1867. 

Cape Colony. Report of the Colonial Engineer for 1863. 

Cape Colony, 1864, p. 221 
Germany. Deutsche Bauzeitung. Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

India, Cunningham (A.), 1871-8; Danvers, 1868. Examina- 
tion Papers, 1851-68, 1859-69. India, pp. 100, 101. 



246 EPIDEMICS — ESTUARIES. 

EPIDEMICS— conftnacd. 

Cholera, London. Relation of Meteorology to the epidemic, 1855. 

London, p. 262. 

Two epidemics, effect of impure water, 1856. London, p. 255 . 

Epidemic of 1866. Lethebt. 

Malta, 1865. Malta. 

Marseilles. Gu6babd, 1885, '86. 

Oxford, 1854. Acland (Dr. H. W.), 1850. 

Enteric Fever. Croydon, Enteric Fever at, in 1875. 

Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1876. 
■ Glasgow, Report on the outbreak in. 

Russell (James B.), 1878. 

Red Hill and Caterham, Epidemic of Enteric Fever affecting 

especially. Report to the Local Government Board. 

Thobnb (T.), 1879. 
Tees Valley, 1891. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 485. 

Typhus epidemic at Altona, 1891. Kummel. 

See also Diseases. 

EQUILIBRIUM. 

Fundamental principles. Cabnot, 1809. 

Equilibrium of a Spherical Envelope. Maxwell (J. C), 1867. 

of Elastic Solids. Maxwell (J. C), 1856. 

Laws of Equilibrium the same in physical, chemical and mechanical 
phenomena. Le Chatelieb (H.), 1887. 

ESTIMATES. Examples of Estimating. Keay, 1866. 

ESTUARIES. 

Silting in Estuaries. Principal causes. Stevenson (T.), 1885. 

Lincolnshire Estuary Plans and Sections, 1850. 

Lincoln (County of). 
— Inquiry on Lincolnshire Estuary Bill, 1851. 

London (County of). 
— - Lincolnshire and Norfolk Estuary. Map. Fbow, 1866. 

Norfolk Estuary, Report on. Rendel (J. M.), 1840; 

Stephenson (R.), 1849. 

Norfolk. The Wash. Act for enclosing and reclaiming certain 
tracts of land, 1846. Amendment Bill, 1849. Papers and 
Maps, 1846-50. Evidence before Committee of House of 
Commons, 1849. Report of Inspectors, 1849. Report of the 
Admiralty, 1849. Proceedings of Meeting of ftoprietors, 
1850. NoBPOLK Estuary. 

Norfolk Estuary Bill. Evidence before Committee of the House 

of Lords, 1877. Nobfolk Estuary. 

Plymouth, Estuaries and Tidal Lands of. Wobth (R.H.), 1891. 

Venetian Bocci, 1890. 



EKGINEEBING — EPIDEMICS. 245 

ENGINEERING— confonwed. 

United States. California. Report of State Engineer. 

Calipobnia, 1880-81. 

Chicago International Engineering Congress. Papers read, 

etc., at the Civil, Military, and Naval Engineering 
Divisions. International Eng. Cong. ; Chicago, 

1893-4. Add. 491-2. 

Colorado, Report of the State Engineer, 1885-90. Colorado. 

New York Submarine Engineering Company, Prospectus, 

1860. New York Submarine. 

ENGRAVING. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 8. 

Art of Copying Engravings. Thermography. Hunt (R.), 1842. 
Report on the process of Eiigravmg. , Vial (E.), 1864. 

ENSILAGE. 

Preservation of Com by Ensilage. DoYi»B, 1856, '62. 

Remarks on Ensilage. Robinson (Prof. H.), 1885. 

ENTOMOLOGY, United States, Entomology. 

United States, pp. 344, 345. 

NoctuidsB. Grots (A. R.), 1878. 

EPIDEMICS. 

Duty of Engineers in sudden epidetoics. K(}mmel, 1893. 

Prevention of. Chadwick (Sir E.), 1882, p. 236. Prevention of 
children's epidemics by sanitation. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1887, p. 235. 

Cholera. Haly (G. T.), 1866. 

Cholera and the Water Supply. Main (D. D,), 1853. 

Causes, prevention, and cure. Anonymous, 1831, p. 42. 

Diarrhoea and dysentery. Jbanneret, 1857. 

Nature and treatment. Drysdale, 1866. 

Prompt and easy cure. Jeanneret, 1865. 

England. Reports, 1848-49. Report on Mortality in 

England. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 469. 

1854. Letter of President of Board of Health ; Report of 

Committee for Scientific Inquiries ; Report of Medical 
Council of Board of Health ; Report of results of 
different methods of treatment. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

1866. Report by Dr. W. Farr. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 470. 

Gibraltar, 1865. Gibraltar. 

Hamburg and Altona, Cholera at. Kummel, 1893. 

■ India. Cholera epidemic in coimection with the Bengal 
Cyclone, 1877. India, p. 110. 



246 EPIDEMICS — ESTUARIES. 

EPIDEMICS— continued. 

Cholera, London. Relation of Meteorology to the epidemic, 1855. 

London, p. 262. 

Two epidemics, effect of impure water, 1856. London, p. 255 . 

Epidemic of 1866. Letheby. 

Malta, 1865. Malta. 

Marseilles. GuiSrard, 1885, '86. 

Oxford, 1854. Acland (Dr. H. W.), 1850. 

Enteric Fever. Croydon, Enteric Fever at, in 1875. 

Buchanan (Dr. G.), 1876. 

— Glasgow, Report on the outbreak in. 

Russell (James B.), 1878. 

Red Hill and Caterham, Epidemic of Enteric Fever affecting 

especially. Report to the Local Government Board. 

Thornb; (T.), 1879. 
Tees Valley, 1891. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 

Typhus epidemic at Altona, 1891. Kummel. 

See also Diseases. 

EQUILIBRIUM. 

Fundamental principles. Carnot, 1809. 

Equilibrium of a Spherical Envelope; Maxwell (J. C), 1867. 

of Elastic Solids. Maxwell (J. C), 1856. 

Laws of Equilibrium the same in physical, chemical and mechanical 
phenomena. Lb Chatelier (H.), 1887. 

ESTIMATES. Examples of Estimating. Keay, 1866. 

ESTUARIES. 

Silting in Estuaries. Principal causes. Stevenson (T.), 1885. 
Lincolnshire Estuary Plans and Sections, 1850. 

Lincoln (County of). 

— Inquiry on Lincolnshire Estuary Bill, 1851. 

London (County of). 

— — Lincolnshire and Norfolk Estuary. Map. Frow, 1866. 

Norfolk Estuary, Report on. Rendel (J. M.), 1840; 

Stephenson (R.), 1849. 

Norfolk. The Wash. Act for enclosing and reclaiming certain 
tracts of land, 1846. Amendment Bill, 1849. Papers and 
Maps, 1846-50. Evidence before Committee of House of 
Commons, 1849. Report of Inspectors, 1849. Report of the 
Admiralty, 1849. Proceedings of Meeting of Proprietors, 
1850. Norfolk Estuary. 

Norfolk Estuary Bill. Evidence before Committee of the House 
of Lords, 1877. Norfolk Estuary. 

Plymouth, Estuaries and Tidal Lands of. Worth (R.H.), 1891. 

Venetian Bocci, 1890* 



ETHER — EXHIBITIpNS. 247 

ETHER. Discovery. DanA (R. H.), 1848. 

ETHNOLOGY. 

Bureau of Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution. Reports, 1881, etc. 

Smithsonian Inst. 

Female of the white race part of whose skin resembles that of a 
negro. Wells (W. C), 1818. 

Various tribes of the Mysore Province. Puckle, 1867. 

EVAPORATION. 

Experimental researches. Collier, 1866. 

Multiple system in vacuiun and open air. Foster (J.), 1890. 

EVIDENCE. Nature of demonstrative. Bbddoes, 1793. 

EXAMINATIONS (Competitive). 

Importance of, for admission to the public service. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1857, p. 234. 

Cape Colony. Reports of the Board of Public Examiners, 
1861-65. Cape Colony, p. 221. 

EXCAVATING MACHINERY. Excavators. 

Reeves (F. W.), 1878 ; Schrabetz, 1889. 

EXCAVATIONS. Contents of Area of Slopes. Bidder. 

Around the Maison-Carr^e. Seynes, 1824. 

EXHIBITIONS. Wood (Sir H. T.), 1886. 

Agricultural Implements, Liverpool, 1841. Report. Parkes (J.). 

Colonial and Indian, London, 1886. Report of Royal Commission, 

1887. Report of Reception Committee, 1886. Reports on 

the Colonial Sections, 1887. London, p. 257. 

Engines and boilers driving Electric light Machinery. 

Davey, Paxman & Co. 

Malta, etc., Views of. Malta. 

New Zealand Court. Geological Exhibits. Hector. 

New Zealand Exhibits. London, p. 257. 

Victoria, Australia. Illustrated Handbook. 

London, p. 267. 

West Indian Court. West Indies and British Honduras. 

London, p. 257. 

Electric and Gas Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1881-2, Report on 

the Gas Section. Incorporated Gas Inst. 

Electric, Glasgow. Apparatus for the Utilisation of Gas, 
Electricity, etc, 1880. Reports. Glasgow. 

Lille, International Exhibition of Electricity, 1881. 

Electrical apparatus exhibited by the Chemin de fer du 
Nord. Chemin de fer. 



248 EXHIBITIONS. 

EXHIBITIONS— con/twu«c?. 

Electric. London Electrical Exhibition, 1891. Official Catalogue. 

London, p. 257. 
Paris, Electricity, 1881. Heap (D. P.) ; Pabis. Add. 525. 

Catalogue, Jury Beports, 1883. Report, 1884. 

Beunion des electriciens. Paris, p. 459. 



Paris, 1883. Allabd, etc. 

Paris, 1889. Electric Lighting. Fontaine. 

Philadelphia International Electrical Exhibition, 1884. 

Official Catalogue. 

Fbanklin Institute ; Philadelphia, p. 33. 

Subject Catalogue of Memorial Library. 

Franklin Institute, 

Vienna, 1883. Vienna. 

Engineering and Metal Trades Exhibition, London, 1883. 
Catalogue. London, p. 257. 

Fisheries Exhibition, London, 1883. Official Catalogue. Awards 
of International Juries. London, p. 259. 

French Industry, 1839. Jobard, 1841-42. 

German Exhibition, London, 1891. Fine Art Section. 

London, p. 257. 

Health Exhibition, London, 1884. Awards by International 

Juries. Catalogue for Jury. London, p. 259. 

Education Department, Japan. Education in Japan. 

London, p. 259. 
Education Division. Special Catalogue. London, p. 259. 

Health Exhibition Literature. London, p. 259. 

Sanitary Bureau of the Japanese Home Department. 

London, p. 259. 
Intercolonial, 1866. Mining and mineral Statistics. 

Smyth (B. B.), 1866. 
Inventions Exhibition, London, 1885. Official Catalogue. 

London, p. 259. 
Maritime Exhibition, Havre, 1869. Bules. Havre. 

Havre, 1887. Models, maps, etc., of the Ponts et 

ChausseeS. Havre. 

Milling Machinery Exhibition, London, 1881. Catalogue. 

London, p. 259. 
Mining Exhibition, Glasgow, 1885. Mining Institute of Scotland ; 

Catalogue, 1885. Glasgow. 
Mining and Metallurgy, London, 1890. Prospectus, Catalogue. 

London, p. 258. 

African (South) Section. Handbook. London, p. 258. 

Australia (South). Becord of Mines. Mineral Statistics. 

London, p. 259. 

- Australia (Western). Catalogue of Exhibits. 

London, p. 259. 



EXHIBITI017S. 249 

EXHIBITIONS— con<tntt€ci. 

Mining and Metallurgy, London, 1890. New South Wales. 
Mineral Wealth, Exhibits. London, p. 259. 

New Zealand. Catalogue of Minerals. London, p. 259. 

Tasmania. Tin Ore, Cornwall. London, p. 259. 

Uruguay. London, p. 259. 

Nayal and Submarine Engineering Exhibition, London, 1882. 
Catalogue. London, p. 260. 

Naval Exhibition, London, 1891. Catalogue and Guide. 

London, p. 260* 

Exhibit of Models of Ships and Engineering Works. 

Thames Ironwobks and Shipbuilding Co. 

Nayal Architecture Exhibition. Marine Engineering, etc. 
Tynemouth, 1882. Official Catalogue. Tynemouth, 1882. 

Nayal and Marine Engineering Exhibition, Glasgow, 1880-81. 

Glasgow. 

Portraits (National), Catalogues of 2nd and drd Exhibitions, 

1867-68. South Kensington Museum. 

Railways, Paris, 1887. Official Catalogue. Paris. Add. 525. 
Robertson's Fantasmagoria. Robertson. 

Sanitary Appliances, Eastbourne, 1881. Eastbourne. 

Sanitary Institute of Great Britain. Exhibition held at Leamington 
1877. Sanitary Inst. 

Scientific Apparatus, 1876. South Kensington Museum, 1876. 
Sheepshanks Exhibition Examination. 

Sheepshanks Exhibition, 1861-66. 
Water Supply Exhibition, London, 1879. Handbook. 

London, p. 259. 

EXHIBITIONS (Places). 

Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition, 1887. Adelaide, 1886. 

African (South) Exhibition, 1885. Album of Views. 

Port Elizabeth. 
American Institute, 1871. Beport on Steam Boiler tests. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1872, p. 310. 

Amsterdam, 1883. Exhibits from New South Wales. 

Amsterdam. 

Marbles. Dervill^ and Cie. 

Amsterdam, 1884. Metallurgica products. 

BouTMY, 1884. 

Antwerp, 1885. Report of Committee of Industry ; and Report 

of Jury of Awards. Antwerp, 1887. 

1886. Marine. Gaudry. 

Barcelona, 1887-88. Barcelona. 

Bordeaux. Annual Exhibition of the products of Arts and 

Industry. Bordeaux, 1827. 

VOL. I. 2 k 



250 EXHIBITIONS. 

EXHIBITIONS (Flaces)— continued. 

Brussels, 1878. Brussels. 

Brussels, 1887. Grand Concours. Brussels, 1887. 

Calcutta, 1883-84. Official Report, 1885. Inddl, p. 114. 

Chicago, 1873. Cunard line and the World's Fair. Cunard. 

Chicago, 1893. Apparatus for Illumination exhibited in the 
Palace of Electricity by the French Lighthouse Service. 

Chicago, 1893. 

British Royal Commission. Handbook of Regulations 

and Official Catalogue. Chicago, 1892-93. 

British Section. Report of the Royal Commission. 

Chicago, 1894. Add. 491. 

International Engineering Congress at, and views of the 

various buildings. Chicago, 1893-4. Add. 491-2. 

Engineering Societies. Chicago, 1893. 

Exhibit of Lehigh University. Chicago, 1893. 

Exhibits of Portuguese Civil Engineers. Chicago, 1893. 

Stratigraphical Collection of Canadian Rocks. Ferrier. 

What is the proper housing for the exhibition. 

Jenison, 1890. 
Cincinnati. Report. Cincinnati, 1875. 

Millers' International Exhibition. Report on the test 

trials of the Automatic Cut-off Steam Engines. 

Cincinnati, 1880. 
Cordova, Argentine Republic. Cordova, 1870-73. 

Dublin, 1855. Lambert. 

1865. Official Catalogue. Italian Exhibits. Dublin. 

Jury Awards. Carriages, Saddlery and Harness. Dublin. 

Dlisseldorf Exhibition of Art and Industry, 1880. 

Iron and Steel Inst. 
Florence, 1861. Report on Agudio Traction Engine. 

Agudio, 1861. 
Glasgow International, 1888. Catalogue, Guide. Fine Arts 
Section. Glasgow. 

Glasgow Philosophical Society's Exhibition of models, manu- 
factures, natural history, paintings, etc. Catalogue. 

Glasgow, 1846. Add. 503. 
Grahamstown, 1887. Model of Underground De Beers. 

De Beers, 1887. 
Hyderabad, 1856. Catalogue. India, p. 120. 

Liverpool, 1886. Development of the Steamship. 

Chadwick (F. E.), 1887. 

Lifts and Pneumatic Railway. Gonin (L.), 1886. 

— — Imperial Jubilee Exhibition, 1887. Prospectus, regulations, 

etc. Liverpool, p. 246. 

London. Four National Exhibitions in London and their 

Organiser. Lowe (C), 1892. 



BXHIBITIOKS« 251 

EXHIBITIONS (Places)— c(m<«nweci. 

London, 1851. Babbage (C), 1851. 

Preliminary proceedings. Society for the Encouragement 

of Arts, etc., 1850, p. 222. 

Illustrated Catalogue. Reports of Commissioners. Reports 

by the Juries. London, p. 257. 

Building in Hyde Park. Downes. 

Construction of Buildings of. Wyatt (M. D.), 1851. 

Catalogue of Works referring to. Dilke, 1855. 

Prize Treatise on the Fine Arts Section. 

Weekes (H.), 1852. 

Lectures on the results. Proceedings preliminary to the 

Exhibition. London, p. 257. 
Machinery. Cbistofobis, 1852. 

Musical Instruments in. Pole, 1851. 

Crystal Palace. Fine Art Courts in. "Wyatt (M. D.) and 

Waring, 1854. 
London International Exhibition, 1862. Mewbubn. 

Decision of Commissioners on points relating to the 

Exhibition. London, p. 258. 

Illustrated Catalogue. Jury Reports. French Jury Reports. 

Medals Awarded. London, p. 258. 

How are the working classes throughout the country to get 

to it. BowLEY, 1862. 

Belgium. Catalogue. London, p. 257. 

Civil Engineering, etc. Report of Jury. London, p. 258. 

France. Agriculture. London, p. 258. 

Horological Instruments. Report of Jury. 

London, p. 258. 

- India. Catalogue of Contributions from. Dowleans, 1862 ; 

London, p. 258. 

Industrial Departments Catalogue. London, p. 258, 

Machinery. Clabk (D. K.), 1864. 

Rapport sur les trayaux publics. Bommabt. 

Railways. Imperial Royal Austrian State Railway 

Company, objects sent. London, p. 258. 

Chemin de fer du Nord. Three types of locomotives. 

Petiet (J.), 1862. 

Scientific Record. Johnson (J. H.) and Mallet. 

Tasmania. Products and Resources. Whiting (G.) 

ZoUverein. Catalogues. London, p. 258. 

London Annual International, 1871, 72, 73, and 74. Report. 

Cole (H.). 

International Exhibition, 1872. Official Catalogue, Fine 

Arts Department. Official Reports. Ceremonial of 
Opening. London, p. 258. 



252 



EXHIBITIONS. 



EXHIBITIONS (PLACE8)^continued. 
Lyons, 1889. 

Madras, 1855. Reports of Juries. 
Madras, 1857. Official Catalogue. 

Catalogue of Raw Produce. 

Melbourne, 1880. Official Catalogue, 1880. 

etc., of the " Fonts et Chaussees," 1880. 

1881. 
Milan, 1881. Conferences, etc. 

Machinery gallery. 

Nagpore, 1865. Report. 

New York Industrial Exhibition, 1853. 

Whitworth (Sir J.). 

New York Centennial Exhibition, 1876. 

New Zealand, 1865. Awards of jurors. 

Colonial Woods. 



Malo. 

India, p. 122. 

India, p. 122. 

Hawkes, 1857. 

Designs, Models, 

List of Awards, 

Melbourne. 

Milan. 

Colombo (G.), 1882. 

India, p. 126. 

Special Report. 

Notes. Lambert, 1855. 

Ericsson, 1876. 

Dunbdin. 

Balfour (J. M.), 1865. 



New Zealand Industrial Exhibition, 1885. Official Record. 

Wellington, N. Z., 1886. 

Palermo, 1892. Catalogue of the Collection of the Ministry of 

Public Works. Palermo. 

Paris, 1823. Pons' clock and watch manufacture. 

Pons (H.), 1823. App. 572. 
Paris, 1834. Industrial mechanics. Flachat, 1835. 

Paris Exhibition, 1849. Wyatt (M. D.), 1849. 

Paris, 1855. Guide. Napoleon (Prince). 

History. Robin (C), 1856. 

■ Second letter on Mr. T. SteTenson's claims. 

Reynaud (L.), 1856. 
Notice of objects exhibited. Derosne and Cail, 1855. 

Official Catalogue. British Section Catalogue. Reports, 

1856. Jury Reports, 1856. Paris, p. 456. 

Report. GiRARDiN, Cordier and Burel, 1856. 

Visit to. Tresga (H.). 

Materials of construction. Delesse, 1856. 

Navigation Instruments. Smyth (C. P.), 1855. 

Wines of the Gironde. Chateau Lafitte. Goudal, 1855. 

Report on Furniture and Decorations. 

Wyatt (M. D.), 1856. 

Paris, 1862. Materials of Construction. Delesse, 1863. 

Paris, 1865. Painting, Sculpture. DuCamp, 1855. 

Paris, 1867. RouvIere, 1868. Reports of United States Com- 
missioners, 1870. Paris, p. 456. 

Reports of International Jury, 1868. Paris, p. 456-7. 

Visit of an engineer. Oppermann, 1867. 

Artisans' Reports (S6eiety of Arts) Paris, p. 457. 



EXHIBITIONS. 253 

EXHIBITIONS (Tlaces)— continued. 

Paris, 1867. Minist^re de TAgriculture. Pabis, p. 456. 

Report on Asphalt and Bitumen. Beckwith, 1868. 

Report on Coignet's concrete, its fabrication and uses, 1868. 

Paris, p. 456. 

Arts of decoration at. Wyatt (M. D.), 1868. 

Industry of the 19th century. Lacboix (E.) 

Report on Machines and Mechanical Apparatus. 

Mallet (R.) 

Corps imp6riardes Mines. Pabis, p. 456. 

Safes' Challenge Contest. Mallet (R.) and Fairlie. 

Telegraph Apparatus. Sabine (R.), 1867. 

Section of Timber. Emy, 1869-73. 

Aisne, Departement de V, 1868. Pabis, p. 456. 

British Guiana, Contributions from. Catalogue of Products 

of New South Wales. Pabis, p. 456. 

— — Spain, Public Works in. Pabis, p. 456. 

Paris, 1878. Congresses and Conferences at the Palais du 

Trocadero. Pabis, p. 457. 

Buildings of the Exhibition. Pabis, p. 457. 

Apparatus of Muller and Pichet. Mulleb, 1878, p. 384. 

Collieries. Bubat. 

Engineering. Mobison (G. S.), North and Bogart, 1878. 

Fortifications (D6p6t des). Pabis, p. 457. 

Hydrometric Apparatus. Hablagheb. 

Industry of the 19th century (part 2). Lacboix. 

Iron and Steel at the Exhibition. Bouhy, 1879. 

Materials of Construction. Pabis, p. 457. 

Metallurgy. Lebastbub, 1878. 

Notes on pieces of Phosphor Bronze. 

RuoLZ-MoNTCHAL (H. de) and Eontenay, 1878. 

' Ponts et Chauss6es (Models, etc.). Pabis, p. 457. 

Railways (Austrian). Pabis, p. 457. 

Schneider and Co.'s exhibits. Pabis, p. 457. 

• Whitworth (Sir Joseph) and Co.'s exhibits. Pabis, p. 457. 
Australian (Western) Section. Pabis, p. 457. 

British Section. Pabis, p. 457. 

• British India. Pabis, p. 457. 

Canadian minerals. Habbington, B. J., and Selwyn, 1878. 

China. Pabis, p. 457. 

• Finland. Grand Duchy of. Ignatius, 1878 ; Pabis, p. 457. 
Italy. Pabis, p. 457. 

Norwegian Industries. Report. ST0BMEB (F.), 1880. 

Portugal. Pabis, p. 457. 



254 EXHIBITIONS. 

EXHIBITIONS {TiJiCE8)'^c(mtinued. 

Paris, 1878. United States Commissioners' Keports, 1880. 

Fabis, p. 458. 

Victoria Commissioners' Report, 1879. Paris, p. 458. 

Paris, 1889. Chanute, 1890; Chabton (J.), 1889; Parville. 

Centennial Exhibition, 1789-1889 (proposed). 

Robinson (Armand), 1886. 

Bulletin officiel. Paris, p. 458. 

Catalogue officiel. Paris, p. 458. 

Anthropological Sciences, Arts et Metiers. Paris, p. 459. 

Architects' Congress. Paris, p. 458. 
Artillery at. Yeybinbs (P.), 1890. 
Boring in Mines. . Habets, 1892. 
Building Congress. Paris, p. 458-9. 
Chemistry Congress. Paris, p. 458. 
Miscellaneous Congresses. Paris, pp. 458, 459. 

Processes of working Coal Minns. Dujardin-Beaumetz. 

Rewards obtained by the scholars of the l^icole Centrale des 

Arts et Manufactures. Association Amioale. 

Electricity at. Vivarez (H.), 1890. 

Iron and Steel. Bresson, 1889; Comit^ des Forges, 1889. 

Mathematical Sciences. Congress on Bibliography. 

Paris, p. 458. 

Mechanics (Applied). Congress. Paris, p. 458. 

Minerals. Catalogue. Paris, p. 458. 

Mineralogical Collection of Chili. Paris, p. 458. 

Mines and Metallurgy Congress. Paris, p. 458. 

- Photography Congress. Paris, p. 458. 

" Ponts et Chauss6es," Models, etc. Paris, p. 459. 

Railways of the State. Paris, p. 458. 

Railway of the East. Paris, p! 458. 

Decauville Railway. Decauville. 

Notices on the types of locomotives and carriages 

shown there. 

SoGi^Ti des Chemins de Per Italiens, etc., 1889. 

Steam, accessory apparatus used in the production and 

employment of. Novincb, 1892. 

Water. International Congress on the Utilisation of Waters. 

BouLi:, 1889; Jacquelin. 

Workman's Dwellings. Roulliet (A.), 1889. 

Argentine Section. Paris, p. 458. 

British Section. Report of Executive Council, 1890. 

Paris, p. 459. 

Paris and London. Comparative merits of the Exhibitions. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1866, pp. 403. 



EXHIBITIONS — EXPLOSIONS. 255 

EXHIBITIONS (Places)— continued. 

Fbiladelpbian Centennial Exhibition of 1876. Reports, etc. 

Philadelphia (1876), p. 33; Reuleaux, 1877. 

Masterpieces of. Yol. 3. History, Mechanics, Science. 

Wilson (Joseph M.). 

Remarkable Public Works shown at. 

Watson (William), Ph.D. 

■ Report on Architecture and Engineering. Hawkshaw. 

- Report on Lighthouse Engineering. Babnabd (J. G.), 1879. 

San Francisco Industrial Exhibitions. Reports, 1872-91. 

San Fbancisco. 
Swiss National Exhibition, 1883. Official Guide. Waldneb (A.). 

Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition of 1870. The Industrial Progress 
of New South Wales. Sydney, 1871, p. 244. 

Australian, 1882. Report of the Royal Commission. 

Sydney, 1882, p. 274. 

Scientific and Mechanical Exhibition to be held in 1886. 

Prospectus and Regulations. Sydney, p. 274. 

Trieste. Austrio-Hungarian, for Industry and Agriculture. 

BOEHMCHES, 1882. 

Yieima. Universal Exhibition, 1873. Denamiel, 1873 ; 

Maw and Dredge, 1874 ; Vienna. 

■ Reports of the Commissioner of the United States. 

Vienna, 1876. 

Locomotives. Deghilaqe and Morandi^re. 

Machines. Fontaine. 

Marine and Maritime Works. Friedmann, 1874. 

Mineral Industry. Gruneb (L.), 1874. 

Mines and Metallurgy. Habets, 1875. 

Ordnance and Marine Material. Eirkland (W. A.), 1874. 

f Designs, models, and works relative to " ponts et chaussees," 

mines, etc. Reports, etc. Vienna, 1873, 1874. 

■ Empire of Brazil at. Vienna, 1873. 

Exhibition, 1888. Vienna. 

EXPLOSIONS. 

" Aberdeen," Explosion on board the steamer, 1884. Aberdeen. 
Accidental Explosions. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1875. Produced by 

non-explosive liquids. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1885. 

Armstrong's Wherry " Fanny," on the Tyne. Report on an 

Explosion during the illegal manufacture of Quick-firing 

Ammunition on. Tyne River, 1890, 

Boilers. See Steam Boilers (Explosions). 

Bournemouth, Explosion on board a steamer off. 

Bournemouth, 1884 



256 EXPLOSIONS. 

EXPLOSIONS— con^inucc?. 

Gastleton, near Manchester ; explosion on Mr. Biley's premises. 

Castleton, 1882. 
Coal Mines. See Coal Mines (Explosions in). 
Combrook, fire and explosion, 1887. Cornbrook, 1887. 

Crarae Quarry, Loch Fyne, 1887. Crarae. 

"Doterel" Explosion. Origin of the loss of H.M.S. "Doterel" 
examined. Rowan (T.), 1883. 

Dynamite explosion at Burnbank, Glasgow, 1876. Burnbank. 

Cymmer, Glamorganshire. Cymmer, 1876. 

Halkyn. Halkyn, 1878. 

Mancetter Bridge Quarry, Warwickshire. Mancetter. 

Nantymwyn Lead Mine, Gelatine Dynamite at, 1892. 

Nantymwyn. 

" Parallel," Cargo on board the schooner. Lb Contb, 1887. 

Sutton Harbour, Dec. 13, 1893. Plymouth. 

Edenbum, Nov. 28, 1884. Edbnburn. 

" Elbe," S.S., on board the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's, 

1887. Parker (Wm.). 

Festiniog Tunnel. Festinioq, 1877. 

Fireworks. Birmingham ; explosion at a small Fireworks Factory. 

Birmingham, 1881. 

Brock and Co.'s Firework Factory Explosions, 188^1, March 

and August, 1893. Norwood (South). 

Coseley, Staffs., Firework Factory at. Coseley, 1893. 

Dublin. Explosion at Hodsman's Firework Factory, 1887. 

Dublin. 
— - Dyer and Robson's Factory, Greenwich, 1887. Report. 

Greenwich Marshes. 
Mitcham. Pain's Firework Factory, 1885, '89, '90. Repoi-ts. 

MiTCHAM. 

Norwich, Fireworks at. Report, 1876. Norwich. 

Wisbech Firework Factory. Report on Explosion at, 1884. 

Wisbech. 
Flour-mill Fire-explosions. Macadam, 1874. 

Fog Signals at Dyer and Robson's Factory, Greenwich, 1882. 

Greenwich Marshes. 
Fulminate of Mercury at Hincks' Chemical Works, Small Heath, 
1876. HiNCKs' Chemical Works. 

Furnace near Inverary, 1884. Furnace. 

Iron Furnaces. Report od Explosion, Askham. Askham, 1882. 
Gas Explosion at Tottenham Court Road, 1880. London, p. 260. 

At Valley Road Gasworks of the Bradford Corporation. 

Report to the Coroner. Waugh (J.), 1893. 



EXPLOSIONS. 257 

EXPLOSIONS— con/inMcd 

Glasgow. Report on three explosions, 1883. Glasgow. 

Greenock, James Watt Dock. Greenock, 1884. 

Gun Cotton. Stowmarket, Explosion of Gun-cotton at, 1872. 

Stowmarket. 

Gunpowder, Ardeer. Report on an explosion at a Cartridge Hut. 

Ardeer, 1884. 

Auchmontain, Report on the Explosion of Gunpowder on 

board the sailing barque. Auchmontain, 1893 . 

Barwick. Drying house at the Factory of the Smokeless 

Powder Company at. Barwick, 1893. 

Bassinghyll Gunpowder Mills. Report on an explosion. 

Bassinghtll, 1883. 

Bedford, Gunpowder at. Bedford, 1877. 

Blackbeck, Lancashire, Gunpowder. 

Blackbeck, 1881, 1884. 

Chilworth Gunpowder Factory. Chilworth, 1879, 1884. 

Cradley Heath, Staffs., 1887, explosion at. 

Cradley Heath, 1887. 
Dartford, 1879, Gunpowder at. Dartford. 

Gunpowder factory at Dartford, 1885. Dartford. 

■ Doncaster Gunpowder Explosion, 1880. Doncaster. 

Eastwood. J. Hall and Son's Cartridge Factory, explosion 

of Gunpowder and Blasting Cartridges, 1881. 

Eastwood, 1881. 

Elterwater near Ambleside, Gunpowder Factory at. 

ElTER WATER, 1878. 

Faversham Detonator Factory. Faversham, 1878, 79. 

Glazing house at Faversham Marsh. Faversham, 1879, 

Hall and Son's Gunpowder Factory. Faversham, 1881. 

Fernilee, Gunpowder and Blasting Cartridges at Factory of 
Messrs. Williamson and Co. at. Fernilee, 1888. 

Gatebeck near Kendal, July 1881, explosion at. 

Gatebeck. 

Herodsfoot Gunpowder Factory, Liskeard 1877, explosion 
at the. Herodsfoot. 

Hose Tunnel, explosion in. Hose Tunnel, 1876. 

Hounslow Gunpowder Factor of Curtis and Harvey, 1887. 

Hounslow. 

Kennall Vale Gunpowder Factory, 1887. Report. 

Kennall Vale. 
Low wood Gunpowder Works. Explosion, 1887. Lowwood. 

New Sedgwick Gunpowder Co. Report of an explosion at 
their factory on April 12, 1883. Sedqwick, 1883. 

PentrQ Broughton, Gunpowder, 1879. Pentrb Broughton. 



vol. I. 2.L 



258 EXPLOSIONS. 

EXPLOSIOI^S— continued. 

Gunpowder. Regent's Park, 1874, Explosion in the. 

Regent's Park. 

Roslin Gunpowder mills, near Edinburgh, Explosions at the, 

on the 9th July, 1885, in 1890, and 17 Sept. 1892. 
Reports. Roslin, 1885-1892. 

Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Factory. Report on 

accident, Dec. 13, '93, and on the danger of Buildings 
at Waltham Abbey and Woolwich Arsenal. Waltham 
Abbey, 1894. Explosion of Cap Composition at Joyce 
and Co.'s factory on Dec. 22, '93. Report on. 

Waltham Abbey, 1894. 

Wetteren. Chandelon, 1889. 

Witton. Explosion at the factory of Messrs. Kynoch and 

Co^ 1886. Birmingham. 

Kynoch's factory. Report <mi explosion on Aug. 10th, 

1888, during the emptying of shells for quick-firing 
ammunition at. Witton, 1888. 

PercussicMi Caps. Explosicm at Messrs, Kynoch and Co. 

Report on. Witton, 1888. 



Worsborough Dale Gunpowder Factory. Report of an 

explosion at, on the 15th Oct., 1884. Worsborough Dale. 

Hull Botanic Gardens, 1882. Hull. 

King's Bridge, Devon. Explosion at the house of Mr. J. Balkwill, 

Chemist, 1884. Kingsbridge. 

Lame, circumstances attending an explosion at, 1885. Larne. 
London. ExplosicHi at the Local Government Board Office, White- 
hall, and ** Times" Office. Report on. Whitehall, 1883. 

Scotland Yard, etc.. Explosions. Reports 

Scotland Yard, 1884. 

Railways. Victoria Station explosion, 1884. London, p. 260. 

Underground Railway, two explosions, 1883. London, p. 260. 

Mines and Mills. Heinzerling, 1881. 

New York Harbour, destruction of Flood Rock. 

Abbot (H, L,), 1885. 

Explosions, Hallet's Point. Abbot (H. L.), 1876. 

Hell Gate (Halletts Point), Destruction of Reef, 1877. 

Hell Gate. 

Nitro-GIycerine Factory, Waltham Abbey. Report on an 

Explosion on 7th May, '94, at. Waltham Abbey, 1894. 

Explosion at Craig near Montrose, 1880. 

Craig, Forfarshire. 

Nobel's Explosives Co. Report on an Explosion which occurred 
in the Factory of, Ardeer, 1882. Ardeer. 

Pembrey Burrows. Report on two explosions at the Factory of 
the Explosives Company, 1883.. Pembrey Burrows* 



EXPLOSIONS — EXPLOSIVE AGENTS. 259 

EXPLOSIONS— con^inMcd. 

Rocket (War) Factory, Gravesend. Gbavesend, 1878. 

Seaham Explosions 1871 and 1880, and the Pochin Explosion, 
1884. Enquiry into their cause. Stratton (T. H. M.), 1892. 

Thames below Gravesend. Destruction by Explosion of a floating 
magazine moored on. Thames (River), 1877, 1892, p. 294. 

" Thunderer " gun explosion. Bramwbll, 1879. 

Tonite. Report on an Explosion of Tonite or Cotton Powder 
which took place in the Solent on July 19, 1894. 

Solent. Add. 534. 

At Uplees Marshes. Report of an explosion of wet tonite. 

Uplees Marshes, 1882 

Toy Caps, explosion in Cadwell's Factory, Southfields, Wands- 
worth. SOUTHPIELDS, 1888. 

EXPLOSIVE AGENTS. Anonymous, 1892, p. 45 ; Hill (W. N.), 
1875; HoDGKiNSON (W. R.), 1891. Dictionary, Cundill, 
1889. Power, Berthelot, 1883. 

Acts. Guide book to the Eiq)losives Act, 1875. Majendie, 1877. 

Explosive Substances Act, 1883. Amendment Bill, 1886. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 478. 

Application of Explosive Agents. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1871. 

Applied to Industry. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1881. 

Developments in high explosives. Nqrsey, 1889. 

Explosives Committee of the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 
etc. Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Soc, 1880. 

Explosive Compounds. Bevan (G. P.), Industries (vol. 2) ; for 
use in. Tunneling. Drinker (H. S.), 1893. Add. 497. 

Explosives Inspector's Report to the Minister of Mines, 1882. 
Victoria. Victoria, p. 375. 

Flameless Explosives Committee of the North of England Institute 
of Mining Engineers. Report of the proceedings. 

North of England Institute, 1894. Add. 524. 
Improvements in Explosive Compounds. Nursey, 1871. 

Keeping of Explosives for Private use and not for sale. Order in 
Council, 1883. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Mechanical work of Explosives. Rziha, 1886. 

Mining Powder, extra strong. Curtis and Harvey, 1874-79. 

Application of Explosives in Mining. Darlington (J.), 1879. 

Mixed Explosives. Orders in Council relating to Stores, 1875. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, 1883, p. 477. 

Modem Explosives. Chalon, 1886. 

Reports of Committee, 1870-81. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 477. 

Select Committee on Explosive Substamces. Report, 1874. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 477. 



260 EXPLOSIVE AGENTS. 

EXPLOSIVE AGENTS— conhnucd. 

Reports of Inspector of Explosives, 1876, etc. 

Pabliambittabt. .Papers^ p. 47 7* 

Smokeless Explosives. Abel (Sir F. A.), 1890. 

War. High Explosives used in. Abbot (H. L.), 1886. 

EXPLOSIVE AGENTS (Pabticulab). 

Coal Dust an Explosive Agent. Stuabt (D. M. D.), 1894. 

Dynamite in its sanitary aspect. Hudson (R. S.), 1873. 

Dynamite or Nobel's safety blasting powder. Downib, 1873. 

Applications to Military Act. Babbe (P.), 1872. 

Dynamite and Nitro-glycerine. Champion (P.), 1872. 

Dynamite. Manufacture. Soci^t^ Generale pour la fabrication, 
etc., 1878. 

In France. Fbance, p. 436. 

Gun Cotton for Blasting Purposes. Lovell, 1864. 

Report and Proceedings of Committee, 1864-68. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 

Use for mining and quarrying purposes. Reports, 1869. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 

Gunpowder. Antoni, 1789 ; Bbaddock, 1832 ; 

Duhamel, 1750 (1846). 

Determination of force. Robins (B.), 1742, 1805. 

Manufacture. Baddeley (F.), 1857 ; Lugkhabdt, 1886 ; 

Smith (Capt. F. M.), 1870. 

Explosion of gunpowder by Electricity. 

Wheatstone and Abel, 1861. 

Bengal. Manufacture at the Ishapore Mills. 

Andebson (Col. W.), 1862. 

Gunpowder and Gun Cotton. Notes on. 

Wabdell (W. H.), 1878 and '83. 

Gunpowder, Explosives and fireworks. 

Upmann (J.) and Meyer, 1878, 

Gunpowder and saltpetre manufacture. 

Steebk (Major), 1866. 

Gunpowder Factory. Machinery and Apparatus. 

Hay (J. A. C), 1877. 

Fired Gunpowder. Noble and Abel, 1875. 

Recent Inventions in Gunpowder and other explosives. 

Deebing, 1889. 
Report of Inspector of Gunpowder Works, 1875. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 
Notes on Gunpowder and Gun Cotton, 1878. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 
Use in Slate or Ironstone Mines, 1881. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 477. 



EXPLOSIVE AGENTS — EYE. 261 

EXPLOSIVE AGENTS (Particular)— conitnuec?. 

Gunpowder. Smokeless Powder and its influence on gun con- 
struction. LONORIDGE, 1890. 

Smokeless powder and modem guns. 

RiGG (A.) and Garvie, 1892. 

Melinite, truth on. Turpin (E.), 1890. 

Nitro-Benzole and Di-Nitro-Benzole. Bisks of Manufacture, 1892. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Nitro-glycerine and Dynamite. Brull, 1875 ; Eissler, 1884. 

Eackarock. Abbot (H. L.), 1886. 

EXPORTS. See Imports and Exports. 

EYE. Change in the state of an eye affected with a malformation. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1846, p. 18. 



262 FACTORIES— FERMENTATION. 



F. 

FACTORIES. 

Factories. Their sanitary arrangements. Ritchie (R.), 1844. 

Factories, Mines and Industrial Undertakings, depreciation of, 

and their valuation. Mathbson, 1884, '93. 

Factories, Workshops and Warehouses : their sanitary and fire 
resisting arrangements. Thwaitb (B. H.), 1882, p. 312. 

Factory Accounts, principles and practice. 

Garcke and Fells, 1887. 

Factory and Workshop Act, 1878. Redgrave, 1885. 

Acts to amend Law relating to Factories and Workshops, 

1878, '83. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Facts for Factories : Letters based on experiences in Bombay. 

Walker (W.), 1857. 

Means of Transport in factories, etc. Evrard, 1872. 

Reports of the Inspectors of Factories, 1833-79. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Steam power, public security by means of the "embrayage 
electrique." Achard (A.), 1861, '62. 

Great Britain's Factory System. Exposition of its scientific, 

moral and commercial economy. Ure (A.), 1861. 

Turgan. Decauville, 1892. Add. 496. 

United States Factory System. Report on. Wright (C. D.). 

FAMINES AND DROUGHTS. 

How to avert or mitigate. Goslin, 1878. 

India. Murray (A. G.), 1877. 

Famine and other Indian Topics. Thomas (E. C. G.), 1877. 

Western and Southern India threatened famine, 1877—78. 

India, p. 101. 

Hyderabad. Famine Relief Works in the Nizam's 

Dominions, 1876-77. India, p. 120. 

FARMING. National Convention of Farmers and Gardeners. 
Proceedings, 1845. National Convention. 

FENIANISM. Two letters on Fenianism. 

Anonymous, 1866, p. 58. 
FERMENTATION. See Distillation. 



FERRIES — FILTRATION. 263 

FERRIES. 

Boat " Bergen," Experiments made on the Double Screw Steel 
Ferry Boat. Isherwood, 1890. 

Compound Ferry or Ferry Bridge. Stockman (B. P.), 1882. 

Rolling Stock Ferries of the World. Report on. 

Haughton (W. R.), 1894. Add. 506. 

Alloa ferry, proposed steam-boat. Bald (R.), 1822. 

Dundee Ferries Committee of Management. Observations by 

Stevenson on Telford's Plan. Warren (Capt.), 1820. 

Fife and Forfar communication improved by means of ferries. 

Stevenson (R.), 1818. 

Indus Valley State Railway Ferry over the River Indus at 
Sukkur. Robertson (F. E.), 1884. 

Isle of Wight Ferry Bill, 1859. Report of J. G. C. Curtis on. 

Wight, Isle of. 

Queensferry Passage, Memorial to the Trustees of the. 

M*KoNOCHiE, 1828. 

Tay River Ferries. Statement on the Bill for improving them. 

Tay (River), 1822. 

Usk. Report on the establishment of Ferries across. 

Vernon Harcourt (L. F.), 1889. 

Woolwich. Act for a ferry across the Thames at, 1811. 

Woolwich. 

FESTIVALS. Brean Down. Brean Down, 1889. 

FIBRES. 

Botanical sources. Christy (T.), 1882, 

Fibres and Cordage. Bevan (G. P.). Industries, vol. 9. 

Phormium Tenax as a fibrous plant, 1889. New Zealand, p. 40&. 

FILTRATION. 

Comparative trials of Water filtration at the Army Medical 
School. FRAN901S de Chaumont, 1880. 

Improvements in Filter Presses. Clark (D. K.), 1887. 

Maurra's Patent Filter. A letter on the filtration of water on iv 
large scale. Sloper (B. G.), 1844. 

Mechanical Filtration. Colcock, 1887, 

Production of pure water by Filtration. Piepke, 1887* 

Public Filtration. Fonvielle, 1839, 

Report of M. Arago. Araqo (F.), 1837, 

Sand Filtration. Grahn and Meyer, 1877; Kummel, 1893. 

Hamburg. Gill (H.) and Folsch, 1881. 

Toulon. On board the * Thetis ' frigate. France, p. 440. 

Toulouse, natural filters of. Dupuit, 1854. 

See al9o Water Analyses. 



264 FINANCE. 

FINANCE. 

Budgets and Accounts of England and France. 

Balfour (G.), 1866. 
Bullion Question. Gilbert (D.), 1819. 

Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Corporation, 1874-79. 

Depreciation of Silver, causes and remedy. Molesworth, 1886. 
Divorce of Silver and Gold. Molesworth, 1891. 

Financial Reform. Bentham, 1830. 

Law of Bills of Exchange, Promissory Notes, bank notes, bankers' 
notes, drafts and checks. Manning (E. W.), 1817. 

Modern Cambist, forming a manual of Foreign Exchanges, in the 
different operations of bills of exchange and bullion, etc. 

Tate (W.), 1889. 

Monetary Union of France, Italy, Belgium and Switzerland. 
(Latin Munzverein). Parieu, 1866. 

Payment of Interest out of Capit-al during construction of Works. 

Guthrie (E.), 1886; Pease (Sir J. W.), 1885. 

Proposal to reduce the quantity of fine gold in the sovereign. 

Maclaren, 1869. 

Kegistration of Transfers of Stocks, Shares, and Securities. 

Ennis, 1893. 

Silver question. Molesworth, 1886. 

Standard of Value and Circulating Medium of the Country. 

Haggard (W. D.) 1847. 

Tables of Exchange between Paris, Bordeaux, Marseilles, Brussels, 
Genoa, and London, being French money reduced into Eng- 
lish, and English money reduced in French. Laurie, 1845. 

Thoughts on Finance. Lauderdale, 1797. 

Universal Exchange Tables. Laurie, 1852. 

What is Money? Granier, 1892. 

Working of Foreign and Colonial Exchanges of Gold and Silver. 

Norman (J. H.), 1891. 

American, British, and foreign securities. Official intelligence for 
1882, etc. Burdett, 1862. 

Australia, Western. Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure for 
the year 1872. Western Australia, 1871. 

Belgium. Budget of receipts and expenses of the kingdom of 
Belgium. Belgium, 1841, p. 116. 

Canada, Budget Speech, May 12, '87. Tupper (Sir C), 1887. 

Costa Rica. Proposed settlement of the external debt of the 
Republic. Costa Rica. 

Great Britain. Available gold Reserves for the British Isles. 

Norman (J. H,), 1891. 
Fallacy of our Monetary System, Enderby, 1847 



FINANCE — FIBE-ARMS. 265 

FINANCE— conftnued. 

Great Britain. Money Laws. . The cause of the National Distress. 

Endebbt, 1847. 

National Debt. Hibbabd, 1793. 

National Debt and Sinking Fund. 

Anonymous, 1856, p. 47. 

- Present pecuniary panic. Sankey (W. H. V.), 1866. 

Reports of Committees on Public Income and Expenditure, 

1786-91. Finance Reports, 1798-1803. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 478. 

India. Finance and Reyenue Account, 1884-7. India, p. 101. 

Revenue and Expenditure, 1862-80, 1869-85. 

India, p. 101. 

Report of Financial Report, Madras, 1860. India, p. 122. 

New South Wales. Financial Statement of Colonial Treasurer. 

New South Wales, 1875-79, p. 401. 
Public Accounts for 1889. New South Wales, p. 401. 

Financial Statement of the Colonial Treasurer. 

New South Wales, 1877. Add. 522. 

New York State. Report, 1872. New Yobk State. 

New Zealand. Statements by Colonial Treasurer, 1870-87. 

New Zealand, p. 410. 

Payments to Provinces Act, 1871. New Zealand, p. 410. 

Paris. Budget for 1866, 1883-84., Pabis, p. 460. 

Turkey. Reformation of Turkish Finance. 

Low (W.) and Thomas, 1876. 

United States. Financial and political condition of. 

Hazabd (R. G.), 1864. 

Finance. United States, p. 347. 

Monetary Commission. United States, p. 347. 

See also Banks and Banking ; Cubbenct. 

FINE ARTS. See Abts (Fine). 

FIRE-ARMS. 

History and science of. Deane (J.), 1858. 

Selection and management, Silveb (S. W.) <fe Co., 1872. 

Treatise on Fire-arms. Antoni, 1789. 

Breechloading, Specification of Improvements in. 

BODMBB (J. G.), 1813. 
Breech-loading Rifles. Photographs. Tuppeb (A. C), 1870. 

Breech-loading Infantry Rifles produced since the adoption of the 
Snider breech-loading principle. Returns, 1870. 

Pabliamentabt. .Papers, p. 493. 
Colt's Pistols, Report on. Shields, 1851. 

vol. i. 2 m 



266 PIBE-ARMS — PIBE-PROOP BUILDINGS. 

FIRE-ARMS— continued. 

Colt's Pistols. Armsmear, the home, the arm and the armory of 
S. Colt. Colt, 1866. 

Application of Machinery to the Manufacture of rotating 

chambered-breech Fire-arms. Colt, 1854, 1855. 

Patents for Repeating Fire-arms previous to 1851. Colt. 

Repeating Pistols. Invented by Colonel Colt and other 

inventors. Colt, 1851. 

Gun-flints. Manufacture. Geological Survey, 1879 ; 

Skbtchlby (S. B. L.), 1879. 

Manufacture of Fire-arms and Ammunition. Fitch, 1882. 

Martini-Henry breech-loading rifles. Reports, 1871, '76. 

Parliamentaby. .Papers, p. 493. 

Martini-Henry arms. Reports, 1870. 

Pabliamentaby . .Papers, p. 493. 

Reports of two battalions of infantry who have had them in 

use, 1874. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 493. 

Rifled Infantry Arms. A description of the modern system of 
small arms. Schon (J.), 1861. 

Rifled Small Arms. Whitwobth (Sir J.) 1882. 

Small bore rifles. Report of Committee, 1863. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 492. 
Sporting arms. Gbeeneb, 1858. 

Use and Construction of. Gbeeneb, 1841. 

Various small flre-arms. Gbeeneb, 1835. 

Weapons for the chase. Roux (L.), 1869. 

FIRE DAMP, ^ee Coal Mines. 

FIRE-GRATES. 

Improved fire-grate. Bodmeb (J. G.), 1860. 

Lighting fires from the top. Economy of. Bablow (P. W.), 1882. 

Smoking Fires, their cause and cure. Ainslie, 1869. 

Utilisation of Waste from Open fire-places. 

Edwabds (F.), jun., 1868 
FIRE INSURANCE. 5ee Insurance. 

FIRE-PROOF BUILDINGS. 

.Construction. Barrett (J.), 1853 ; Bartholomew (A.), 1839 ; 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1844, p. 403. 
Construction of Public buildings and dwelling houses. 

Fox and Barrett, 1849. 
Examples of one-storey Slow-burning Constructions. 

Boston Manufacturers, 1890. Add. 486. 
Fire-proof and thief -proof depositories. Price (G.), 1856. 



FIBE-PBOOF BUILDINGS — ^PIRES, FIRE-ENGINES, ETC. 267 

FIRE-PROOF BUILDINGS— con^inttec/. 

Fire-proof floors. Lawford (G. M.), 1889. 

Fire-proof flooring. Cunninqton (T. C), 1889. 

Houses. Essay on the erection of Fire-proof Houses, in flats. 

AsHPiTEL and Whichcord, 1855. 
Incombustible Constructions such as buildings, bridges, etc. 
Complete patented system of. 

Tartb (X.) and Toovey, 1860. 

FIRES, FIRE-ENGINES, ETC. 

Alarms, Telegraphic Fire. Rogers (H. B.), 1851. 

Automatic Extinction. Apparatus for the Automatic Extinction 
of Fires. Lynde, 1886. 

Berlin. Description of the steam fire-engine made by Braith- 
waite & Co. Wedding, [1840]. 

Detection. Pyrakodon or Fire detecter. 

FooTE (R.). App. 557. 

Escape from buildings in case of Fire. Baillairg^, 1887. 

Fire-engines and apparatus, Construction of. Bach, 1883 ; 

Braidwood, 1880. 

Application of manual power to the working of. 

Braidwood, 1844. 

Extinguishing Fires by Explosion and Suflbcation, Method 

of. Godfrey, 1724. 

Steam Fire Engines. Roper (S.), 1876. Competitive Trials. 

Anonymous, 1862, p. 53. 

Dick's Chemical fire-engine " L'Extincteur." 

Sinclair (J.), 1872. 

Specifications for a portable combined Pumping and Fire 

Engine, 1877. Southwark and Vauxhall. 

Inquests. City of London Fire^ Inquests Act, 1888. 

London, p. 260. 

London Fire Brigade and Late Fire Engine Establishment. 

Shaw (Sir E. M.), 1870, 1876, 1890. 

Metropolitan Fire Brigade. Reports, 1868-1888. Report from 
Select Committee, 1876. Report on Conclusions arrived at 
by Select Committee, 1877. London, p. 260. 

Mills, Fire Protection of, and construction of Mill floors. 

Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1882. 

Preservation of Life and Property. Heathman, 1882. 

Prevention of Fires. Attpield, 1872; London, p. 260. Of 
calamitous fires. Dudley (S. B. W.), 1828. Fire prevention 
and fire extinction. Braidwood, 1866. 

Fire Surveys, or a summary ol the principles to be observed 

in estimating the risk of buildings. 

Shaw (Sir E. M.), 1876. 



268 FIRES, FIBE-ENGINES, ETC. — FIBEWOBKS. 

FIRES, FIRE-ENGINES, YJTC. ^continued. 

Prevention of Fires. Hints for preventing damage by, in the 
construction and warming of buildings. 

Beaumont (A.), 1835. 

Means of preventing the loss of life and property by Fire. 

Keating, 1883. 

Method of reducing Fire and loss. 

Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1890. 
Protection (Fire). Report of Select Committee, 1867. 

Pabliamentaby . . Papers, p. 478. 
Steam, use of, to extinguish fires in factories and steamboats. 

COLLADON, 1840. 
Theatres. Fires in Theatres. Shaw (Sir E. M.), 1876, 1889 ; 

Tb^lat (E.), 1887. 

Theatre Fire Catastrophes and their prevention. 

Gebhabd (W. p.), 1894. Add. 502. 

Exeter. Theatre Royal. Fire, September 5, 1887. Report 

and Reply. Exeteb, 1888. 

Water. Fire-stream Tables. Fbeeman, 1889. 

— — New experiments an J tables. Fbeeman, 1890. 

Hydraulics of Fire-streams. Fbeeman, 1889. 

Work done by and required for Fire Streams. 

Ellis (G. A.), 1878. 

Best means of providing an efficient supply of Water. 

London, p. 260. 

Defective supply of Water, 1824, 77. London, p. 260. 

Metropolitan Water Supply for Fires, 1876. London, p. 260. 

Means of rendering large supplies of water available in cases 

of Fire. Bbaidwood, 1844. 

Nozzle (The) as an accurate water meter. Fbeeman, 1891. 

Report on the best means of providing an efficient supply of 

water for extinguishing fires, etc., 1877. 

London, p. 273. 

Report on Water jets for extinguishing Fires, 1877. 

London, p. 273. 

Water jets for extinguishing Fires. London, p. 260. 

See also Hydbants. 

FIREWORKS. 

Accident at a display at Batley. Batlet, 1887. 

Burning of fireworks in Hanley, 6 March, 1882. Hanlet. 

Dissociation Temperatures, with special reference to Pyro- 
technical questions. Siemens (F.), 1886. 

Firework Factory at Barton Moss, near Manchester. 

Babton Moss, 1893. 
Fireworks Manufacture. Steebk (Major), 1866. 



FISH SUPPLY — FISHERIES. 269 

FISH. The Flying Fish. Galloway (W.), 1891. 

FISH SUPPLY. 

London. Fish markets. Fish trade abuses. Fish frauds and 
adulterations. Lawrence-Hamilton, 1890. 

Scheme for a Central Fish Market for London. 

Cayley, Boyes, and Bridgman, 1881. 

FISHERIES. 

Establishment of fisheries. Keller (H.), 1885. 

Belgium. Bestocking of Belgian Waters. Clercq, 1881. 

Belgium and England. Stahl (B.), 1890. 

British. Reports, 1785-1801. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Fisheries and Fish Markets of Great Britain. 

Dempster, 1874. 

National Fish Culture Association Journal, 1867. 

National Fish Culture. 

French fisheries, and the condition of the Fishing Industry. 

Wallem (F. M.), 1880. 

Ireland. Bill to amend Fishery Act, 1888. Ireland, p. 140. 

— — Deep-sea and Coast Fisheries of Ireland. Brabazon, 1848. 

Report of Commission, 1836. Ireland, p. 141. 

New South Wales. Oliver (A.), 1871. 

Report on Working of the Fisheries Act, 1889. Report of 

Commissioners, 1888. New South Wales, p. 401. 
Scotland Fishery Board Annual Reports. Scotland, 1883, p. 174. 
Returns. Scotland, 1888, p. 174. 

New branding regulations on the Continent. Report of the 

deputation from the Fishery Board for Scotland. 

Scotland, 1891, p. 174. 

Trawling regulations in Scotland. Report. 

Scotland, 1888, p. 174. 

Severn Fishery District. Appendices XII. and XIV. of the 
21st annual Report of the Board, 1888. Severn (River). 

Thames, Medway, etc. Rules, orders, ordinances, etc., for 
fishing in. Thames (River), 1800, 1846, p. 294. 

Tweed Fisheries Acts. Report on. Tweed River, 1875. 

United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. Report of the 
Commissionor for 1883. p. 348. 

Herring. Dutch pamphlets, 1858. 

Parliambntart. .Papers, p. 470. 

Scotch-cured Herrings and other fish. Reports on the best 

means of increasing the demand for them in foreign 

countries. Scotland, 1888, p. 174. 

Mussel beds in tidal waters and Drying grounds for fishermen's 

nets in Scotland. Reports. Gotland, 1887, p. 174. 



• • 






270 FISHEBIES — FLOODS. 

FISHERIES— coniinuec?. 

Ojster. Convention between the Queen and the King of the 
French, 1839. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Report from Select Committee 1876. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Salmon, England and Wales. Report of Commissioners. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 478. 

Salmon Fisheries, Scotland. Report. Scotland, 1871, p. 174. 

Whale Fishery Company, Southern. Reports. 

Preston (T. R.), 1850. 

FIXTURES, Law of. Gibbons (D.), 1836. 

FLAMES. 

Light of. Siemens (Werner von), 1883. 

Relation betwixt Flame and Air. Anonymous, 1704, p. 49. 

Sensitive Flames, as illustrative of Sympathetic Vibration. 
Barrett (W. F.), 1879. New sensitive flames. 

Decharme, 1875. 

Transparence of Flames. Allard (E.), 1875. 

FLASHLIGHTS, and the physiological perception of instantaneous 
flashes. Blondel, 1893. 

FLAX. Brotherton, 1857 ; Campbell (F.), 1845. 

Flax and linen. Bevan (G. P.). Industries, vol. 5. 

Flax and its products in Ireland. Charley, 1862. 

Punjab. Flax operations, 1855. India, p. 129. 

United States. Flax Culture. United States, 1890-2, p. 348. 

FLOATING BODIES. Dynamical stabiHty and oscillations. 

MOSELEY, 1850. 

FLOODS. 

Causes and effects. Vall^ (F.), 1857. Causes and remedy. 

Dumas (J.), 1857. 
Laws, causes and effects. Bastelica, 1874. 

Legislation respecting Water, from the point of view of Inun- 
dations. Monestier-Savignat, 1858. 
Prevention of Floods. Blake, 1881 ; Fabre, 1797 ; 

Klunzinqer (P.), 1882, '86. 

Means of prevention. Dupuit, 1858. 

Flooding of Rivers and formation of Conservancy Boards. 

Dawbarn, 1878. 

Protection of plains from inundations. Comoy, 1861. 

Prevention of Floods Bill, 1883. 

Parliamentary. .Papers. Add. 527. 



». k V h V 



PLOODS. 27 1 

FLOODS — continued. 

Prevention of Floods. Decrease in the water in springs, rivers, 
etc., contemporaneous with increase in height of floods in 
cultivated countries. Wbx (G. von), 1873, '80. 

Effect of Reforesting mountains, hills and upland. 

Cooper (R. T.), 1886 ; Thi^ry (E.), 1891. 

Is the destruction of Forests a cause for their increase ? 

Roberts (T. P.), 1884. 

System contrived by foresters and engineers. 

Breton, 1873. 

Works of defence against Floods. Comoy, 1868. 

Stresufn Regulation in Flood Regions. Dalmann, 1856. 

Alps (High), Torrents of the. Surell (A.), 1870-2. 

Campsbourne, Flooding at, 1886. Hornset Local Board. 

Ceylon. Report of Flood Commission, 1873. India, p. 115. 

Clutha, River. Clutha, 1880. 

Colombo. Flood Outlets, 1877-78-80. India, p. 117. 

Elmira, N.Y., Protection of, against Floods. Collingwood, 1890. 

France, South-west. The inundations of 1875 : Toulouse, Castel- 
sarrasin, Moissac, Agen, etc. Toulouse, 1875. 

Gryonne Valley. Report of the inundation in, Sept. 2, 1873, and 
on the measures taken to prevent its recurrence. 

GRYONNE:(River), 1874. Add. 505. 

Indus River, Floods of the. O'Connell, 1871. 

Irwell Floods, 1866. Report. Bateman (J. F. La T.) 

Report on Floods in the Irwell River. 

Whitaker (W. H.), 1881. 

Italy. Control and regulation of Floods. Speech in the Italian 
Senate for the sale of bare uncultivated communal lands 
situated on Mountains and Hills. Torelli, 1882. 

Loire, River. Comoy, 1861. 

Melbourne, 1891. Culcheth. 

Montreal. Reports, 1888, '90. Montreal. 

New South Wales, Hunter River. Report of Hydraulic Surveyor. 

Hunter River, 1877. 
New South Wales, Hunter River. Report of G. Gordon. 

Hunter River, 1890. 

Floods in the Hawkesbury River. Josephson, 1885. 

Ouse (Lower). Fen Floods and the Lower Ouse. 

MoxoN (J. H. H.), 1878. 
Oxford, Floods around. Their causes, effect, and remedy. 

Vernon- Harcourt (L. F.), 1883. 
Rome. Proposed Works for the prevention of the inundation of 
the City of Rome by the overflow of the River Tiber. 

Collyer, 1875. 



272 FLOODS — FLUIDS. 

FLOODS— confowued. 

Shannon Floods, extent and causes. Bateman (J. F. La T.), 1863. 

Somersetshire. Report, 1872-73. Grantham (R.). 

Stony Brook, Prevention of Floods in the valley of. 

Francis, Clarke and Herschel, 1886. 

Switzerland, Floods in. Their regulation. Salts (A. de), 1891. 

Taieri River. Reports on Floods. Taieri River, 1880. 

Thames Valley, Floods in the. Palmer (F. I.). 1877. 

Thames Floods. Report to inquire what amendments are 

required to deal with the injuries inflicted by. 

Thames (River), 1877, p. 295. 

Thames River (Prevention of Floods) Bill. Reports. 

Thames (River), 1877, 1879, p. 295. 

Tiber. Causes of, and remedy for floods of the. 

Chiesa and Gambardini, 1746. 

Victoria. River Barwon. Kernot, 1885. 

Yarra River Floods. Report. Yarra River, 1892. 

See also Inundations. 

FLOORING. 

Improved Patent Wood Block Flooring. Lowe (R.), 1889. 

Wood Paving. Its application to the flooring of warehouses. 

Stevens (J. L.), 1842. 

Wooden and Fireproof floors. Marsh (J. T.), 1878. 

Wooden Floors. Anonymous, 1885, p. 58. 

Saltaire Dining-Hall Floor. Collapse of, 1889. Waugh (J.). 

FLOUR MILLING. See Corn Milling. 

FLOWER POT. New aerating. Clark (E. H.), 1884. 

FLUIDS. Efflux and influx of elastic fluids under variable pressures. 

Fliegner, 1874. 
Elevation of. Anonymous, 1824, p. 44. 

Equilibrum and Motion of Fluids. 

Webster (Thomas), Q.C., 1836. 

Equilibrum and movement of. Alembert (J. L. d'), 1770. 

Fundamental principles which govern the behaviour of fluid with 
special reference to the resistance of ships. 

Froude (W.), 1876. 

Impulsive action of Inelastic fluids. Donaldson (W.), 1883. 

Inquiries concerning the principle of the Lateral Communication 
of Motion in Fluids. Venturi (J. B.), 1799. 

Mathematical Theory of the Motion of Fluids. Lambs, 1879. 

Fluid Motion. Displacement. Maxwell (J. C), 1870. 

Motion of Fluids in pipes. Anonymous, 1850, p. 51 ; 

GiRARD, 1817. 



FLUIDS — POOD. 273 

FJjJJlBS— continued. 

Properties and Motions of Fluids. Stanley (W. F.), 1881. 

Relation between the velocity and the resistance encountered by 
bodies moving in Fluids. Heppel, 1846. 

Resistance of Fluids. New theory. Alembert (J. L. d'), 1752. 

To Bodies passing through them. 

Walker (James), 1828, p. 393. 

Laws. Froude (W.), 1879. 

Surface of Fluids. Hagbn (G.), 1845. 

Theory of Elastic Fluids. Laplace, 1821. 

FOG. 

Inconveniencie of the aer and smoak of London dissipated. 

Evelyn, 1661. 
Nature and Origin of different kinds of dry fog. Martins, 1860. 

Natural process of dissolution. Dulier, 1892. 

London, prevention of fogs. Colwbll, 1892* 

FOG SIGNALS. 

Coast Fog Signals. Beazeley, 1872 ; Stevenson (D. A.), 1881. 

Correspondence with the Board of Trade, 1875. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 

Fog Signalling. Seoanb, P. P., 1883. 

Report by Professor Tyndall to the Trinity House, 1874. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 
Returns of Fog Signals, United Kingdom, 1873, 79. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 

Special Gun and the utilization of Gun-Cotton for Fog Signals. 

Correspondence and reports in relation to the construction of. 

Trinity House, 1876-78. 
Steam Whistle. Signals to show the course of steamships in 

foggy weather by means of. 
Adamson (H. H.), 1894. Add. 479. 

Ailsa Craig Fog-signalling Machinery. Ingrey, 1886. 

FOLK LORE. Hymns of the Nangipanth. Temple (R. C), 1884. 

FOOD. Letheby, 1872 ; Stutzer, 1894. Reports of Select Com* 

mittees on the high price of provisions, 1800. 
Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 497. 
Adulteration. Food and Food Adulterants, United States. 

United States, 1887-93, p. 348. 

Extent and character of Food Adulterations. 

Wedderbdrn (A. J.), 1890. 

VOL. I. 2 N 



274 FOOD — FORESTS AND FOBESTBY. 

FOOD — continued. 

Condemned meat, various methods of dealing with. London 
Report. Saundebs (W. S.), 1877. 

Preservation. Abstracts of English and colonial patents relating 

to the Preservation of food. Abcheb (W. H.), 1870. 

Preservation of Alimentary Substances. Paulet, 1874. 

Products of the Food-producing interior of the United States. 

McAlpine, 1873. 
FORCE. 

Apparent lines of, on passing a current through water. 

Andbews (T.), 1875. 

Force and Matter. Natural order of the Universe. Buchneb, 1 88 1 . 

Unity of Force. Anonymous, 1862, p. 43. 

FORESHORES. Wales and Monmouth Foreshores sold or leased 
since October, '51. Return of. Wales, 1888. 

FORESTS AND FORESTRY. 

Collection of works on Forestry. Catalogue. 

SuBVEYORs' Inst., 1894. 
Creation, maintenance and enrichment of Forests. M a.cIvob, 1870. 

Cultivation and Acclimatization of Trees and Plants. 

LUDLAM, 1865. 
Cultivation of Copse, half-grown and full-grown trees. 

MoNCEAU, 1764. 

Distribution of Forest Trees. Evebett, 1866. 

Evergreen and Deciduous Trees. Lawes (Sir J. B.), 1851. 

Floods. Effect of reforesting of hills and uplands on Floods on 

rivers. Coopeb (R. T.), 1886. 

Is the destruction of Forests a cause for the increase of 

Floods? RoBEBTS (T. P.), 1884. 

Reforestation of mountains to prevent floods. 

Thi^by (E.), 1891. 
Forest Management. Kbeuteb, 1859. 

Forester, The. Treatise on the planting, rearing, and general 
management of forest trees. Bbown (James), 1871. 

Formationand management of young plantations. Black (J.), 1 855. 
Means of preserving woods from damage. 

Baumhaueb (E. H. von), 1866. Add. 484. 
Method of improving estates by plantations of oak, elm, ash, etc. 

Lanqley, 1728. 
Oaken Timber planting. Anonymous, 1691. Add. 480. 

Organisation and Valuation of Forests on the continental system. 

Macgbegob (J. L. L.), 1883. 
Submarine Forests on the shores of Liverpool Bay. 

BouLT (J.), 1865, 1866. 
Woods and Forests. Report on destructive insects, 1868. 

India, p. 109. 



FORESTS AND FORESTRY. 275 

FORESTS AND FORESTRY— con/tnwe^. 

Woods and Forests. Reports of H.M.'s Representatives abroad 
on their cultivation, 1884. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 521. 

America, North. Report. Sargent (C. S.), 1884. 

Australia, Eucalypts of, and the adjoining islands. 

Mueller, 1879-84. 
Australia. Notes on the rate of growth of some Australian Trees. 

Russell (H. C), 1892. 

South, Tree-Culture in. Brown (J. E.), 1886. 

State Forest Administration. Report. 

South Australia, 1882, p. 230. 
Burmah. Reports of Forest Administration, 1861-62, etc. 

India, p. 114. 

Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire, Preparation of land for the 

growth of Timber in. Harrison (J.), 1770. 

Canada. . Bell (R.), 1886. 

Delamere Forest, Cheshire. Works for reclaiming the late forest. 

Grantham (R.), 1864. 
Epping Forest. Report. Eppino, 1871. 

Europe. Schools of Forestry. Brown (J. C), 1877 

France. Pine Plantations on the Sand-Wastes of France. 

Brown (J. C), 1878. 

French Alps. Planting of trees in the valley of Barcelonnette. 

GoNiN (L.), 1890. 

Great Britain and Ireland, Afforestation in. Schlich (W.), 1886. 

India. Report on the Attaran Forests, 1861. India, p. 109. 

Central Provinces. Progress Report, 1864. India, p. 115. 

Forest Question. Cooke (S.), 1879. 

Kumaon, 1855. India, p. 122. 

Madras. Report of Conservator of Forests, 1859-60. 

India, p. 123. 

Pegu Teak, Forests of. Papers and Reports, 1855-62. 

India, p. 128. 

Scinde. Management of Forests, 1853. India, p. 131. 

Tenasserim and Martaban Provinces. Reports, 1858-59, 

'59-^60. India, p. 132. 

Teak Forests of the Tenasserim Provinces. Report, 1852. 

India, p. 132. 

Italy. Replanting of the Alps, the Cevennes, and the Pyrenees 

with trees, herbage, and bush. Brown (J. C), 1876. 

Planting of trees on the denuded mountains of Lombardy. 

Meouscher, 1847. 

Portugal. Portugal, 1868. 

RoBsendale Forest. Newbigging, 1893. 

United States Forestry. United States, 1878-93, p. 348. 



276 FORCINGS — FORTIFICATION. 

FORGINGS (Large) for Marine purposes, Manufacture of. 

Cameron, 1886. 

FORTIFICATION. Borgo, 1777 ; Emy, 1843 ; Fergusson (J.), 

1849 ; Lendy, 1862 ; Noizbt-Saint-Paul, 1806 ; Paslby, 

1822 ; PoRTLOCK, 1858. 
Attack of Fortresses in the Future. Fraser (T.), 1877. 

Attack and defence of places. Bousmard, 1797-1804. 

Fortification, offensive and defensive. Deidier, 1742. 

Fortifications, containing the manner of fortifying all sorts of 
places. ViLLB (A. de), 1666. 

Fortification and Military Science. Elementary treatise. 

Vernon (G. de), 1805. 

Theory of Field Fortification. Malortie de Martemont, 1 834. 

Field Fortifications. Pleydell, 1768. 

Geometry applied to Fortification. Anonymous, 1885, p. 43. 

Iron, Use of iron for Fortifications. 

Barnard (J. G.), etc., 1871-2. 

Iron Fortifications. Inglis (T.), 1875. 

New system adapted to existing arms. Doull, 1860. 

Permanent forts and movable floating Batteries. Boxer, 1862. 
Perpendicular Fortification. Anonymous, 1786, p. 49. 

Science of engineers in the management of the works. 

B6LID0R, 1739, 1789. 
Subterranean Fortification. Monze, 1804. Mines offensive and 

defensive. Gillot, 1805. 

Alexandria. Chasseloup de Laubat's system. 

Chasseloup de Laubat, 1833. 
London. Use of Earthen Fortresses for the defence of London. 

Palliser, 1871. 
Paris, Defences of, September, 1870, to January, 1871. Memoir. 

Viollet-le-duc (E. E.), 1871. 
Rhine. Modern system adopted for the defence of the Rhine 
frontier. Humprey, 1838. 

United Kingdom. Returns, 1861-74. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 474. 

Construction of Fortifications for the defence of Dockyards 

and Naval Arsenals, 1867. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 474. 

Report of Committee to inquire into construction, condition, 

and cost of fortifications, 1869. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 474. 

Permanent Fortification for English Engineers. Lewis, 1890. 

Richmond's, Duke of, plans. Anonymous, 1794, p. 50. 

Speeches in the House of Commons. 

Samuda (Joseph D'A.), 1869. 
See Defence (National). 



FORTIFICATION — FOUNDBIES. • 277 

PORTIFICATION— conftnttcci. 

United States Fortifications of To-day. Fire against Models of 
Coast Batteries and Parados. Horizontal and Curved Fire 
in Defence of Coast. United States, 1883, p. 348. 

Report of the Board on Fortifications and other Defenses. 

United States, 1886, p. 348. 
FORTRESSES. 

View Sketches of ground adjacent to a Fortress. 

Lloyd (E. M.), 1864. 
Alessandria, in Italy. Alessandria. 

Ceylon. Memoranda. Laffan, 1868. 

Coblentz, Fortress of. Humfrey, 1838. 

FOUNDATIONS. Bremecke, 1887 ; Dobson, 1866 ; McAlpine, 

1868 ; Patton, 1893 ; Slacke (W. R.), 1875 ; 

Street (W. C), 1882. 
Artificial Foundations and method af Sinking through quicksand. 

Garforth, 1889. 
Foundations and Foundation Walls for all classes of buildings. 

Powell (G. T.), 1879. 
Foundations in Sand. Newman (J.), 1894. Add. 522. 

Foundations on treacherous soil. 

Mitchell (E.), 1866. Add. 521. 
Foundations and Concrete Works. Dobson, 1867. 

Limits of deep foundations. Gaudard, 1890. 

Monolithic Construction of Sea Works under Water by Cement 
Grouting. Kinipple, 1893. 

Patent method of protecting Foundations. Login, 1872. 

Stone Caissons for Foundations, manufactured in Ransome's 
patent stone. Butler (J. W.), 1871. 

Subaqueous Foundations. Kinipple, 1890. 

Well Foundations. Cunningham (A.), 1873. 

Use of Wells in Foundations, as practised by the Natives of 

the Northern Doab. Cautley, 1839. 

Albany, N.Y. New Capitol at. McAlpine, 1874. 

East River Suspension Bridge. Foundations of the Pneumatic 
Tower. Roebling (W.A.), 1873. 

Fort Montgomery, application of formula to. Mason, 1850. 

FOUNDRIES. 

American Foundry Practice. West (T. D.), 1883, '88. 

Methods used for Founding in the Missouri River. 

Chanute and Morison, 1870. 
France. Guettier, 1882. 

Founding, treatise. Sprelson (N. E.), 1878, '83. 

Iron and Steel Founding. Ledebur, 1879, '83 ; 

Wylie (C), 1880, '88. 



278 FOUNTAIN MAKSB — FRUIT CULTUBB. 

FOUNTAINS. Pbont, 1816. 

Dijon. Public Fountains. Dabct, 1856. 

Paris, ancient and modem. Moist, 1812. 

Toulouse, establishment of fountains at. 

AuBUissoN de Voisins, 1830. 

FREEMASONRY. Symbols and Legends. Finlayson, 1889. 

FREE TRADE. 

Anti-Corn Law Conference, Statistical Committee. 

Anti-Cobn Law. 
Cobden's Plaything. Grandguillot, 1867. 

Solution of problems relative to Protection and Free Trade. 

Anonymous (18601), p. 56. 

FRESCOES. Notre Dame of Paris, mural paintings of the chapels of. 

ViOLLET-LB-DUC (E. E.), 1870. 

FRICTION. Clerk (H.), 1868 ; Hele-Shaw, 1886 ; 

HiBN (G. A.), 1885; Jbllbtt, 1872 ; Mobin, 1832-34. 
Angle of Friction. Hebbmann, 1882. 

Friction and Lubrication. Thubston (R. H.), 1879, p. 309. 

Friction of slipping, specially of rails of railways. Bochet, 1861. 

Loss by Friction in beam and direct action Steam-engines. 

Pole, 1842. 

New theory. Petbopp (N.), 1887. 

Treatise on Friction and lost work in Machinery and Millwork. 

Thubston (R. H.), 1885, p. 311. 
Triumphal Chariot of Friction. Pope (W.), 1829. 

Wheel carriages. Rankine (D.), 1828. 

See also Lubbioation. 

FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. 

Assurance, Investment, and Emigration. Formation and Manage- 
ment. James (J. H.), 1851. 

Friendly Association of Working Lightermen. Articles of Agree- 
ment, 1840. Fbiendlt. 

Instructions for the establishment of Friendly Societies. 

Anonymous, 1838, p. 47. 
Reform of. Ehbenwebth, 1885. 

Suggestions to the promoters and members of Friendly Societies. 

Anonymous, 1852, p. 56. 
Trade Unions, etc. Reports of Registrar, 1878. 

Pabliamentaby . .Papers, p. 479. 
Treatise on I'riendly Societies. Ansell (C), 1835. 

FRUIT CULTURE. 

Fruit Blights and Diseases of Fruit Tr^es. Kibk (T.), 1889. 

United States. Unite© States, p. 349. 



FUEL. 279 

FUEL. GALLOWAt (R.), 1880; Jolt, 1869 ; Nursey, 1865 ; 

Siemens (Sir W.), 1873, p. 198. 

Air as Fuel : or, petroleum, etc., utilized by. carburetting air and 
rendering it inflammable. Boss (O. C. D.), 1874. 

Artificial Fuel, manufacture of. Danyebs, 1869. 

Briquette Fuel. Dumble (E. T.), 1892. Add. 497 ; 

Fbanquoy, 1861. 
Calorimetric Yaluation of Fuels. Schwackh5feb, 1886. 

Chemistry of Combustion. Dimond, 1867. 

Combustion and Economy. Clark (D. K.), 1879. 

Consumption of Fuel, and the prevention of smoke. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1845, 1851, p. 403. 

High pressure combustion for mechanical power purposes. 

Lefroy, 1864. 

Economy of. Buchanan (R.), 1815; Prideaux, 1853; 

Bankine (W. J. M.), 1867 ; Byder (Capt. A. P.), 1852. 

In Steam Vessels. Anonymous, 1840, p. 57 ; 

Benton (A. H.), 1846. 

Fossil. Great Britain. Anonymous, 1841, p. 46. 

Fuel and its Applications. Groves and Thorpe, 1898. 

Fuel and Bational Ventilation. Deny, 1883. 

Fuel and Water. Sohwackhofer (F.), 1884, 

Gas (Coal) as Fuel. Lencauchez, 1878 ; 

Siemens (Sir W.), 1881, p. 198. 

Economy of Gas as a Fuel for Cooking Purposes. 

Goodwin (W. W.), 1879. 

Efficiency of Gaseous Fuel. Dowson, 1888 ; 

Matthewman, 1894. 

Fuel and Power Gas distribution in Birmingham. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1892, p. 312. 

Gaseous Fuel : Schilling, 1883 ; including Water Gas, 

its Production and Application. Thwaite (B. H.), 

1889, p. 312. 
Heating Power of Combustibles. Mahler, 1893. Prussia. 

Brix, 1853. 
Liquid Fuel. Hodgetts (E. A. B.), 1889, 1890 ; Paul (B. H.), 

1868; Selwyn (Capt. J. H.), 1869. 

Dorsett's Patent Apparatus for applying it to Steam BoUers 

and Furnaces generally. Dorsett, 1868. 

Advantages for Firing Steam Generators. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1887, p. 312. 

In Ocean Steamers. Carmichael (W. V.), 1891. 

Metallurgy, Fuels used in. Percy (J.), 1861. 

Mineral Fuel. France. Caillaux, 1875. 

Patent Fuel. Utilisation of small Coal. Bassett (A.), 1867. 

Petroleum Befuse as Fuel on Locomotive Engines. 

Urquhart (T.), 1884, '86, '89. 



280 FUEL — FURNACES. 

FUEL — continued. 

Petroleum Ref ase. Russia. On the Compounding of Locomotives 
burning Petroleum Refuse. Ubquhart (T.), 1890. 

Power without Fuel. Baldwin (J. S.), 1869. 

Purification. Bateson, 1892. 

Solid and liquid Fuel, their calorific value estimated. 

Rowan (F. J.), 1888. 

Use of Fuel at a high temperature. Lencauchez, 1882. 

Wet Fuel, Efl&ciency of Furnaces burning. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1874, p. 309. 
See also Peat. 

FURNACES. 

Argand Furnace of C. W. Williams and its imitation by 
T. S. Prideaux. Diroks, 1854. 

Assay Furnaces. Reports by Abel and Taylor relating to their 
Flues. South Kensington Museum, 1880. 

Draught in the several parts of Retort Furnaces. Coldino, 1874. 

Ferris's covered Self-cooking Furnace. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1867, p. 119. 

Furnaces and Boilers. Specifications. Bodmer (J. G.), 1843. 

Furnaces, Forges and Steel manufactories for the Navy and 
Railways (Saint Chamond). Comportey, 1889. 

Glass and Steel on the open hearth, manufacture of. 

Head (J.), 1886. 

Hot air furnace. Boter and Consorter, 1861. 

Industrial Furnaces, rational construction. Fichet, 1874. 

Iron Furnaces, Askham Explosion. Askham (1882). 

Mechanical Puddling : its successful working in the U. S. A. 

Ryland (G.), 1871. 
Munich generator furnaces. Schilling (N. H,), [1882], 

Newport Puddling Furnace. Head (J.), 1872. 

Open-hearth Furnace. Rationale of an improved design. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1891, p. 312. 

Price's Patent Retort Furnace. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, 1876, pp. 119, 120. 

Regenerator Furnaces, Construction and Working of. 

Graham (M.), 1894. Add. 503. 

Reverberatory Furnaces, for the manufacture of iron, economy of 

fuel. Prideaux, 1853. 

Schauffelen's hot-air Furnace feeder. Schauppelen, 1835. 

Steam Boiler Furnaces, Improvements in. Baker (H. F.), 1848. 
Stedefeldt Furnace. Egleston, 1885. 

Townsend Furnace, Albany, Description of. 

Townsend (F.), 1870. 



FURNACES — PUSKES. 281 

FURNACES— con^inMeA 

Water. Certain new methods of constructing Furnaces for heating, 
boiling, or evaporating of Water. Watt (James), 1855. 

Wet Fuel, Efficiency of Furnaces burning. 

Thubston (R, H.), 1874, p. 309. 
See also Blast Fubnaobs. 

FURNACES (Gas Furnaces), 

Construction and Working. Lisa el, 1886. 

Furnace for the manufacture of illuminating gas. 

Bebabd (E. p.), 1889. 

Gas generating Furnaces. Lubmann, 1880-85. 

Generative or recuperative. Crockett, 1885. 

Mendheim Continuous Gas Furnace for burning Firebrick and 
Porcelain. Eoleston, 1886. 

Ponsard Gas Furnace. P^Blssi (S.), 1875« 

Siemens' regenerative furnace. Kbans, 1869. 

Siemens' Regenerative Gas Furnaces. Description. 

Siemens (Sir W. and F.), 1861. 

Siemens' furnace arranged to recover waste Gases as well as 

waste Heat. Head (J.) and Pouff, 1890. Siemens' 

new furnace. Damour, 1893. 
Utilisation of heat in regenerative furnaces. Damour, 1893. 

FURNITURE (Household). Pollen, 1886. 

Forty-four engravings in colours of fashionable furniture. 

Anonymous, 1823, p. 46. 
Furniture and Woodwork. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, Vol. 7. 

Tudor period. Hunt (T. F.), 184U 

FUSEES. Going Fusee. IJew Construction. 

Airy (Sir G. B,), 1841, p. 18. 



vol. I. 2 o 



282 GALVANISM — GAS, COAL. 



GALVANISM. Bird (G.), 1849; Cuthbertson, 1821. Weber 
(Wilhelm), 1892-94. History. Bostock, 1818. Theory 
and practice, &c. Wilkinson (C. H.), 1804. Galvanic 

chain. Ohm (G. S.), 1827. 

See also Electbicitt. 
GAME LAWS. Reflections and Appeals. De Berenger (A.), 1 828. 

GARDENING. My Garden, its plan and culture. Smee (A.), 1872. 

GAS, COAL (General References). 

Analysis. Bowditch, 1867; Brown (J. T.), 1883. Apparatus 
of M. Orsat. Fichet, 1873. Methods. Hbmpel, 1892. 
Gas Analysts* Manual. Hartley (F. W.), 1879. 

Applications of Gas in 1889. Delahate, 1890. 

Co-efficient of the dilatation of. Antoine (C), 1885. 

Compressibility of Gas. Antoine (C), 1886. 

Illumination by means of Compressed Gas. Nurse y, 1881. 

Cooking and Heating, advantages of Gas for. Ohren, 1874. 

Economic production. Spice (R. P.), 1886. 

Flow of Gases, and proportioning Gas Mains. Cbipps, 1892. 

Gas Engineers' Chemical Manual. Wanklyn (J. A.), 1886. 

Pocket Almanack and Lighting Table for 1887, etc. 

Sugg (W.) & Co., 1887, etc. 
Gas Examiners, Instructions for. Gas Referees, 1873 ; 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 476, 1872-73. 
Gas in the house. Faraday (H.), 1843. Domestic uses. Sugg 

(W. T.), 1884. 
Gas Interest in England. Report of a Speech. 

Spice (R. P.), 1888. 
Gas Managers' Handbook, 1870, 74, '83, '89. Newbigging. 

Gas Users, Common sense for. Wilson (Robert), 1877. 

Gas and Water Engineer's book of reference. Bower (G.), 1880. 

■ Gas and Water Orders Confirmation Bill. Memorandum 

on provisional orders, 1888. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 
- Gas and water review. Periodical Publications, p. 15. 



Heating by Gas. See Warming and Ventilation. 



GAS, COAL. 283 

GAS, COAL (General References) — continued. 

Hygienic Comparison between the Light of Coal Gas and that of 
Electricity. Thwaitb (B. H.), 1883, p. 312. 

See Electricity. 
How to manage Gas. Wilkins (F.), 1868. 

Law. Michael and Will, 1884 ; Stewart (C. E.), 1889. 

List of periodicals connected with the Gas Industry. 

Pease (E. L.) and Cripps (F. S.), 1893. 
Manipulation. Banister (H.), 1867. 

Nature and Chemical properties. Thompson (L.), 1855. 

Power (Gas). DowsoN, 1892. 

Price and quality. Cleminshaw, 1865. 

Rating Gas Undertakings. Griffith (W.), 1887. 

Recovery of hydrocarbons. Davis (G. E.), 1884. 

Referees (Gas). Reports on Ammonia Impurity, 1871 ; Gas 
Burners, 1871 ; Sulphur Question, 1870. Parliamentary. . 
Papers, p. 479. Correspondence relative to appointment, 
1872. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. Notification of 
the Gas Referees, 1872-77. Gas Referees. 

Report. Jersey (H. de), etc., 1865. 

Residual Sulphur in Coal Gas. Wills (T.), 1876. 

Retort System. Automatic Coal-gas Retort Co., 1894. 

Salubrity of the use of Coal gas. Leeson and Warington, 1865. 

Technical Calendar. Schaar, 1885. 

Technical Gas Analysis, Handbook of. Winkler (C), 1885. 

Temperature of gas. Antoine, 1888. 

Treatise on Gas. Perkins (E. E.), 1856, 1862. 

Use of Coal Gas. Cantor Lectures. Dixon (H.), 1855. 

Waste products, application to agricultural and other purposes. 

Croll, 1844. 

GAS, COAL (Manufacture op). Accum, 1819, 1820; Borias, 1890; 

Darlington (F. A.), 1887. 

Apparatus employed. Anderson (G.), 1880. 

Catalogue of Products obtained from the residual substances. 

Burt, Boulton, and Haywood, 1883. 
Chemistry of Gas Manufacture. Harcourt (A. G. V.), 1877. 

Gas making and purification. Briogs, 1876. 

Management of Clay Retorts. Kitt, 1872. 

Manufacture and distribution of Coal Gas. Cleqg (S.), jun., 

1841, 1853, 1859 ; King (W. B.), 1878. 
Manufacture, use, and testing. Pole, 1873. 

Modern Improvements in Manufacture. Spice (R. P.), 1886. 

Naphthalin and Benzol in Illuminating Gas. Bunte, 1892. 

Retort-house extension, cannel store, etc., Belfast Specification, 
etc. Belfast, 1890, p. 116. 



284 GAS, COAL — GAS. 

GAS, COAL (Manufacture op) — continued. 

Seven Experiiueixts on Gas making. 

Williams (G.) and Martin, 1883, 
Soci^t6 Technique de I'Industrie du Gkiz en France. 

Soci^T^ Technique de Tlndustrie, etc, 1874. 
Treatise on its manufacture and distribution. 

EiCHABDS (William), 1877. 

GAS, COAL (Purification). Anderson (G.), 1889 ; Croll, 1844. 

by Liquid Ammonia. Hammond (John), 1887. 

Analysis, technical valuation, purification and use. Bowditch, 1867. 

Coal-Liming process Patent. Spice (R. P.), 1888. 

Coal Gas Purification and the advantages of Cooper's coal-liming 

process. Spice (R. P.), 1884. 

Manchester and Coal Liming. Spice (R. P.), 1888. 

Oxide of Iron, Action of, in Gas purifiers. Somerville (J.), 1884. 

Oxygen, Use of. Valon (W. A. M.), 1888. 

. ■ In the revivification of Oxide of Iron in purification. 

Valon (W. A. M.), 1888. 
Patterson's Patent. Copy of C€|Tespondence, 1876. 

Patterson (R. H.). 

Infringement of Patterson's patents for Improvements in. 

(Appeal of R. H. Patterson against Gas Light and Coke 
Co.). Patterson (R. H.), 1877. Add. 527. 

GAS (Gas Producers). Improvements in and applicable to Gas 
producers. Sutherland (W. S.), 1885. 

GAS (Natural). Bannister (L.), 1886; Metcalp, 1884. 

Fiery fountain of St. Barthelemy. Piret, 1881. 

In Pennsylvania and New York. Crew, 1887. 

Transportation of natural Gas. Roberts (T. P.), 1886. 

GAS (Petroleum, etc.). 

Gas manufactured by the decomposition of water and Petroleum. 

Spice (R. P.), 1875. 
Lighting by gas of mineral oils. Kuchler, 1879. 

London and Westminster Oil Gas Bill. Evidence before Com- 
mittee, 1824. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 
Tar oil and other liquid hydrocarbons, Manufacture of Gas from. 

Burns (W.), 1887. 
GAS (Water Gas). Bell (J. R), 1889 ; Blabs, 1886. 

Fuel of the future. Strong's Patent. Quaglio, 1880. 

Gas manufactured by the decomposition of water and Petroleum. 

Spice (R. P.), 1875. 

Heating question in connection with Water Gas production and 

heating. Naumann, 1881. 

Invention and Manufacture. Jobabd, 1846. 



QAS GAS ENGINES* 285 

GAS (Water Gas) — continued. 

Production and application. Thwaitb (B. H.), 1889, p. 312. 

Uses. Lappont, 1889. 

Van Steenbergh Water Gas. Van Steenbergh, 1890. 

Water Gaslight, Gaslight Le Prince, and Ordinary Oil Gas- 
light compared. Verver (B.), 1859. 

GAS BURNERS. 

Rationale of the principle of Recuperation in its application to. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1886, p. 312. 

Siemens' (F.) Regenerative Gas Burner. Guest and Chrimes, 1884 ; 

Siemens (Sir W.), 1882. 

GAS ENGINES. Bourne (J.), 1878 ; Clerk (D.), 1886 ; 

Macgregor, 1885 ; Sch^ttler, 1886 ; Slabt, 1886. 
Benier's gas-engine. Slaby, [1889]. 

Bull's gas Engine, patented by Thwaite. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1885, p. 312. 
Chatter ton engine. Chatterton (B.), 1892. 

Combustible Gas Engines, Invention and future of. 

Tresca (H.), 1865. 

Curves. Smith (R. H.), 1888. 

Determination of gas consumption. Proell, [1891]. 

Dowson*s 100 indicated horse-power gas motor, Experiments with 

WiTZ (A.), 1890. 
Efficiency. Miller (T. L.), 1890. 

Electric Lighting. Delahate, 1890. 

Elementary principles. Lane (D.), 1885. 

Gas-engine Indicator-Diagram. Ayrton and Perry, 1884. 

Gas Exhauster. Savile (G, E.), 1878. 

" Griffin " Patent, Double- Acting, Horizontal Gas Engine, Report 
on tests of. Jamieson (Andrew), 1888. 

Influence of cylinder walls. Witz and Slaby, 1886. 

Lenoir's Gas Engine. Experiments. Tresoa (H.), 1865. 

Motors (Gas). Lieokfeld, 1891 ; Richard (G.), 1885. 

Recent examples. Le Van, 1890. 

. Study of Gas motors. Sauvage (E.), 1894. 

Theoretical and practical treatise on gas motors. 

Chauveau, 1891. 

Theory of gas motors. K5hler (O.), 1887. 

" Otto " gas engine. Brooks and Steward, 1883. 

Petroleum. Gas and Petroleum Motors. Richard (G.) 1892. 
Petroleum in Prime Movers. Robinson (W.), 1892, 1891. 

Petroleum Oil Engines. Robinson (W.), 1891. 

Gas and Petroleum Engines : a treatise on the Internal 

Combustion Engine. Robinson (W.), 1890 



286 QAS ENGINES — GAS LIGHT. 

GAS ENGINES— continued. 

Practice. Grippin (S.), 1889. 

Ravel's Gas Engine. Ravel, 1881. 

Studies on Gas Engines. Witz (A.), 1884, '89. 

Text book. Donkin (B.), jun., 1894. 

Theoretical and Practical treatise. Witz (A.), 1892-5. Add. 539. 

GAS LIGHT. Robert D'Hurcourt (E.), 1863 ; Rutter (J. O. N.), 
1849 ; Schilling (N. H.), 1860, '68. Lighting by electric- 
gas. A light without electricity. Delaporte, 1886. Gas 
and lighting. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 4. 

Chemistry of Illuminating Gas. Humphreys (N. H.), 1891. 

Devices for Gas Illuminations. Newbigging, 1886. 

Electric lighting v. Gas lighting. Schilling (N. H.), 1883. 

Comparative cost and value. Kirkham and Hersey, 1878. 

Hygienic Comparison. Thwaite (B. H.), 1883, p. 312. 

Guide to Gas lighting. Wood (A. H.), 1872. 

Heroic epistle to Mr. Winsor, patentee of Hydro-carbonic gas 
lights, and founder of National light and heat Co. 

WiNSOR (F. A.), 1808. 

Illuminating power. Kirkham, 1868. 

Journal de Pfelairage au Gaz. Periodical Publications, p. 17. 
Journal of Gas-lighting. Periodical Publications, p. 18. 

Origin, progress, and present state. Matthews (W.), 1827. 

Projects. Matthews (W.), 1835. 

Select Committee on Gas Light Establishments. Report, 1823. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 
Theory and practice. Peckston (T. S.), 1819, '23, '41. 

Treatise on Gaslight. Accum, 1815. 

Treatise on the light of gas made from coal, bitumen, lignite, and 
peat. Pelouze (J.), 1839. 

Wood- gas and peat-gas for illumination. Reissig (W.), 1863. 

American Gaslight Association. American Gaslight Assoc. 

American Gas light Journal, etc., 1877. 

Periodical Publications, p. 9. 
Brazil. Gas manager abroad. Newbigging, 1886. 

Dublin Gas. Spice (R. P.). 1876. 

London. Reports. Haywood (W.), 1853, '62, p. 31. 

Carburation of Gas. Haywood (W.), 1861, p. 31. 

Gas Light and Coke Company. Haywood (W.), 1889, p. 31. 

Siemens' Gas lighting in Holborn. Haywood (W.), 1883, p. 31 . 

— Sugg's Gas lighting in Fleet Street. 

Haywood (W.), 1883, p. 31. 

Queen Victoria Street. New gas lamps. 

Haywood (W.), 1879, p. 31. 



GAS LIGHT— GAS SUPPLY. 287 

GAS JjlGIlT— continued, 

Madras. Mayer, 1857. 

Paris. Paris, p. 460. Lighting by hydrogen gas. 

Manby (A.), etc., 1822. 

Rochester, Lighting with gas. A Bill to incorporate a company 

for that purpose. Rochester, 1825. 

Sheffield. Progress. Key (J. T.), 1883. 

GAS-METERS. 

Board of Trade Memorandum on the re-verification of Gas 
Measuring Standards. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

Clegg's dry gas-meter. Clegg, 1838. 

Construction and use of Gas Meters. Croll, 1845. 

Fallacies and frauds. Jones (W.), 1843. 

Manchester. Report on Gas Meters. Manchester, 1858. 

Measurement, Correct Gas. Glover (G.), 1879. 

Gas Measurement and Gas Meter Testing. 

Hartley (F. W.), 1882. 

Standard Gauges for the connecting pipes used with gas meters, 

1887. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

GAS SUPPLY. 

Automatic Gas Machine Company. Prospectus, 1887. 

Automatic Gas Machine Co. 

Birmingham. Fuel and Power Gas distribution in. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1892, p. 312. 

Brighton and Hove Gas Act, 1879. Brighton. 

Commercial Gas Company Bill, 1875. Minutes of Evidence, etc., 
1875. Commercial Gas Co. Add. 493. 

Consolidation Acts (Gas Supply), 1847. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 479. 

Conveyance of Gas. Stewart (G. R.), 1884. 

Correspondence relative to the supply of Gas by the Great Central 
Gas Consumers* Company. Dakin, 1853. 

Crystal Palace District Gas and the Gas Light and Coke Co.'s 
Bills, 1877. Report on. Crystal Palace Gas Co. Add. 494. 

Darlington Act, 1849. Darlington. 

Gas Light and Coke Company. Acts, Charter, and Returns. 

Gas Light and Coke Co., 1823, 74. Add. 502. 

Injurious effects of pending Bill upon the inhabitants of 

Fulham and Chelsea. Ree, 1865. 

Gfts undertakings. Lass, 1888. Precedents in Private Bill 

legislation affecting, 1879-90. Stevenson (E. H.), and 

Burstall, 1890 ; Stevenson (G. W.), 1879. 

General Acts. Reeson, 1874. 

Great Central Gas Company. Croll, 1875. 



288 OA» RUPPLT. 

OA8 8UPPI.Y— ftw/maeJ, 

<^lreat Central Gan Gonsnmers' Companj. Tieporis^ 1850, '57. 

Gbkat Central. 

Hartlepool Gas and Water Act^ 1890. Hastlkpool. 

Henlej-cn-Thamea Gaa Act, 1888. HRKLsr-on'Thames. 

Hillis ft. I^ndon Gkuilight Company. Report of TriaL 

HiLLB (F. C), 1852. 

Hr>aghton-le-8pring Gas Company Act, 1879. Houghton. 

InvemeiM Gas and Water Bill. Report, 1847. Inyerness. 

Kendal Gas and Water Supply Act. Kendal, 1846. 

l>mdon. Existing conditions and circumstances affecting. 

Haywood (W.) and Letheby, 1865. 

Consumption of Ghis at the Public Lamps. 

Haywood and Letheby, 1862. 

City of London Gas Act, 1868. London, p. 260. 

Metropolitan Qba Companies' Accounts, 1856, etc. 

London, p. 261. 

- — Analysis of the Gas Companies' Bills, 1869. London, p. 261. 

Imperial and South Metropolitan Qba Companies' Bills. 

Report of Parliamentary Committee. London, p. 261. 
Gas Works and Gas Lighting in London. London, p. 261. 

Correspondence, 1868, '69. London, p. 261. 

Cost and Supply of Gas, 1849. London, p. 261. 

^■^ Special Committee, Report, 1867. London, p. 261. 

.^ — Metropolitan Gas Inquiry, 1860. Report of Committee of 

the House of Commons. London, p. 261. 
Gas Referees, 1873-74, etc. London, p. 261. 

Report on increase of price of gas, 1874. London, p. 261. 

City of London Gas Company. Analysis of Accounts, 1868. 

London, p. 261. 

- Metropolitan Gas Companies' Bill Report from Select 

Committee, 1875. London, p. 261. 
Metropolitan Gas Bill. Report from Select Committee, 

1867. London, p. 261. 
Imperial Gas Company's BilL Course taken by the Board, 

1869. London, p. 261. 

Gas Examiner's Reports, 1868-78. London, p. 262. 

London and its Gas Companies. Hughes (S.), 1863. 

. - Ijondon Gas Companies : their future control. Letter to Sir 
S. Northoote as to the proposals of the board. 

Thwaites (J.), 1867. 

— - Metropolitan Gas Companies' Accounts Analysis, 1867, 

etc. Field (J). 

Malmt). Lease of the gaswork of the town. Malho, 1883. 

I^larple I^>oal H<»ard Gas Act, 1886, Marple, 1886. 



QAS SUPPLY, 



289 



GAS SUPPLY— con/tnttfid. 

Midland Associatiou of Gas Managers. Reports, 1878-84. 

Midland Association, 

North British Association of Gas Managers. Reports, 1867-91. 
NoBTH British Assoc. Statistical report, July 1890 to 

Aug. 1891. North British Assoc. Add. 524. 
Paris Gas Company, flow of gas in long pipes. Abson 1868. 
Pontypool. Evidence. Pontypool, 1873. 

Ramsgate, 1877-90. Ramsoatb, p. 80. 

Relation of the Modem Municipality to Gas Supply. 

James (E. J.), 1886. 

Returns of gas undertakings in the United Kingdom, 1882, etc., 
1885, etc. Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 479. 

Ryde Gas Arbitration. Story of. Spice (R. P.), 1872. 

Scotland. Report, 1891. Nobth British Assoc. 

Scotland, West of, Association of G^s Managers. Reports of 
Proceedings. West of Scotland, etc., 1875-79. 

Supply and distribution. Clayton (A. G.), 1883. 

Thirsk Gas and Water Provisional Order Confirmation Bill, 1879, 

Thibsk. 

Woking Gas Act, 1885. Woking. 

GAS SUPPLY (Gaswobks). 

Arrangement, construction, etc. Colyeb, 1884. 
Construction. Hbbbing (W. R.), 1892, '93. 
Gasholders. Pease (E. L.) and Cripps, 1893. 
Guide framing of Gasholders. Cbipps, 1889. 

Gas Works and the Introduction of Cannel Coal G^ into the 
Metropolis. Taylob (G. L.), 1848. 

Management. Holmes (W. C), 1874. 

Purchase of gasworks with the latest statistics of gas supply. 

SiLVEBTHOBNE (A.), 1881. 

Rating of. Quick, 1880. 

Statistics, 1879-86. Hastings (C. W.). 

Transfer of gasworks to the Local Authorities. 

SiLVEBTHOBNE (A.), 1871, 1873. 

Treatise on Gas Works. Hughes (S.), 1875, '85. 

Valuation of Gasworks for Assessment. Newbigging, 1891. 

Amsterdam. New Gasworks (Imperial Continental Gas Associa- 
tion). Pazzani, 1886. 
Beckton and Bow Gasworks, Sulphur purification at. 

Beckton, 1872. 
Birmingham. Windsor Street Gas- Works. Hunt (C), 1886. 

Cologne. Cologne, 1875-77. 

VOL. I. 2 p 



290 GAS SUPPLY GEMS. 

GAS SUPPLY (Gasworks)— continued, 

Exeter, Report on their state and observations thereon by Spice. 

Stevenson (G. W.), 1877. 
Germany, Switzerland, etc. Schilling (N. H.), 1868, '77. 

Le Mans, Gas works at. Seguin (L.), 1892. 

London. Colbuen, 1565. 

Necessity for removing gasworks from London, as has been 

done in Paris. Simpson (T. B.), 1866. 

Philadelphia. Reports. 

Cbesson, 1841 ; Philadelphia, 1836-45, p. 34. 

Sydney Gas-Works. Description of a three lift gas holder. 

Sydney, 1889, p. 272. 

Victoria Gas Co. Act for incorporation and for authorising the 
acquisition and enlargement of the North Woolwich Gas 
works. Victoria Gas Co., 1857. 

GASES. 

Apparatus for purifying, burning, and generating gases. 

Sutherland (W. S.), 1879. 
Combustible gases, Production of. Gbuninger, 1890. 

Production and application and Purification, etc. 

Sutherland (W. S.), 1883, 1884. 
Combustion of explosive gases. 

Mallard (E.) and Le Chatelier, 1883. 

Dynamical Theory of gases. Maxwell, 1860, '67. 

Experiments on Powder gases. Kalakoutzky, 1879. 

Gases and Mining. Baker (J. P.), 1870. 

Kinetic Theory of Gases. Watson (H. W.), 1876, 1893. 

Method of Collecting the gases given off from Furnaces. 

Langen, 1862. 
Properties of gases. Bunsen, 1857 

Physical Properties of gases. Kimball, 1890. 

Proposal for heating large towns with Pyrogen gas. 

Knowles (Sir F. C), 1874. 
Tables for Gasometry. Baumann, 1885. 

Treatise on the Gases met with in Coal Mines. 

Atkinson (J. J.), 1879. 
Waste Gases, Disposal of. Good acre, 1891. 

GASES (Explosions). See Explosions. 

GAUGES. Improved Gauge for ascertaining the pressure of highly com- 
pressed steam, gases, and fluid bodies. Seaward (S.), 1824. 

Apparatus invented and constructed by E. Bourdon. 

Bourdon, 1862. 

GAZETTEERS. See Geography (Gazetteers). 

GEMS. Poniatowski Collection, Remarks on fallacious opinions 
respecting. PoniatowsKi, 1842. 



OEOGBAPHT. 291 

GEOGRAPHY. Grove (Sir G.), 1877, 

Ancient Geography, disputed questions. Leake, 1857. 

Cities of the World. Hodder, 1880. 

Definition of terms used in. Hodgkix, 1804. 

Direct Highway to the East. Jones (Capt. F.), 1872, p. 165. 

English and Continental Inter-Communication. Nursey, 1869. 

Exhibition of 1878. Brussels. 

Hints to travellers, scientific and general. 

BoYAL Geographical Soc, 1889, p. 139. 
Lectures on Geography. Strachey (Lt.-Gen. R.), 1888. 

New routes of the globe. H]£l^ne, 1883. 

New Survey of the Globe. Templeman (T.), 1730. 

Overland route to India, China, Ac. Galloway (J. A.), 1844 ; 

SIMMS (F. W.), 1878. World's Highway. 

Anonymous, 1856, p. 58. 

Relative quantities of Land and Water on the Surface of the 

Earth. Rigaud (S. P.), 1837. App. 573. 

Sea Routes. Baudrand, 1870. 

Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel, Europe, Asia, 

Africa, America, Australasia. Stanford (E.), 1883-94. 

Universal Geography, the earth and man. Reclcs, 1876-82. 

Universal route book by sea, by land, and by rail. Dempsey, 1870. 

Voyage round the world in 1766, '7, '8, and '9, 

Bougainville (Comte L. A. de). App. 549. 

Aden. Descriptive account of the Settlement. Aden, 1891. 

Afghanistan (Southern) and the North Western Frontier of India. 

Vysb (G. W.), 1881. 

Africa. Johnston (A. K.), 1884. 

Flan of territories formerly known as £[affraria Proper. 

Eaffbabia, 1884. 

Circular by the Committee of the Royal Geographical Society 

to administer the African Exploration Fund. 

Royal Geographical Society, 1877. 
Aiguesmortes. Pietro, 1821. 

Alabama, U.S.A., Hill Country of. Alabama, 1878. 

Albany, N.Y., New Capitol Commissioners' Annual Reports. 

Albany, 1870^71. 

Alps, Passes of the, by which Italy communicates with France, 

Switzerland, and Germany. Bbogkedon, 1828. 

Route du Simplon. Cj^abd, 1820. 

Mont Blanc and the Simplon considered as international 

ways. Berahd (E.), 1880. 

American Notes, 1881. Sutteb (A.), 1882. 

— Resources, etc.,'of America. Peto (Sir S. M.), 1866. 
— — Trip to America. Howabd (J.), 1867. 



292 GEOGBAPHT. 

GEOGRAPHY— coniinwcd 

America. Wanderer in. Wilson (0. H.), 1822. 

America (Central). Advantages of a road across Central America 
from Admiral's Bay, on the Atlantic, to Chiriqui Bay, on the 
Pacific. America, 1852. 

■ Free Indian Tribes of Central America. Boyle (F.), 1867. 

- Transit Route through Central America. Pim (B.), 1862. 

(Central and South) and West Indies. 

Bates (H. W.), 1885. Add. 484. 

(North). Haydbn (F. V.) and Selwyn, 1883. Add. 506. 

North American Boundaries. Correspondence. 

America, 1838-43. 
^ North America in 1853 and 1854. Lambert, 1855. 

Northern Traveller, or routes to Niagara, Quebec, and the 

Springs. Goodrich, 1826. 

• ' (North). Travels through the interior parts of, in 1766, 

1767, and 1768. Carver. 
(South). Visit to. Clark (E.), 1878. 

Western republics of America. Btam, 1850. 

Arabia Petrsea, and Palestine. Geography of. 

Hull (E.), 1886. Add. 509. 

Arctic and Antarctic Explorations. White (W.), 1850-1. 

Baffin Bay. Remarks on. Allen (R. C.) ; 

Snow and Inglefield, 1853. 

Map of the Polar Regions, Baffin Bay to Lincoln Sea. 

America, 1885. 

* " Baffin's Bay. Remarks on Captain Ross' Account of the 

late voyage of discovery. Sabixe (Sir E.), 1819. 

Sir John Franklin's Expeditions, 1850. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Greely Relief Expedition. Report of W. S. Schley. 

Schley (W. S.), 1887. 

Hall's Second Arctic Expedition. Yarnall (E. H.), 1880. 

■ International Polar Expeditions, 1882-83. 

International P. E. 

Last of the Arctic Voyages. Belcher, 1855. 

Sir G. S. Nares's, 1875-76, "Journal" and "Proceedings"; 

equipment and fitting out; Results: Physical Obser- 
vations, Eskimo Dog Disease ; Outbreak of Scurvy. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 465. 

Voyage to North Pole, 1773. Phipps (G. J.). App. 571. 

Travels in the English yacht " Pandora." 

Becker (A. R. von), 1878. 

— — North Polar Expedition, U.S. ship " Polaris." 

Davis (C. H.), 1876. 
United States ship "Polaris." Hall (C. F.), 1876. 



GEOGBAPHT^ 293 

OEOGHAPBY'—contimed. 

Arctic. Second Arctic Expedition, made by C. F. Hall. 

Hall (C. R), 1879. 

Argentine Republic. Napp, 1876. 

Country of. Argentine, 1869. 

— — Engineering, Finance, Mined, Public Works, Railways, 

Weights and Measures. Argentine. 

Arizona and Sonora. Greography and resources. Mowbt, 1863. 
Arkansas Valley. Pangbobn, 1878. 

Asia. Kbane, 1886. 

Auckland I^nds. Enderby, 1849. 

Austria. Baedeker. 

Position and prospects. Lever, 1861. 

Austrian Tyrol, Bavaria, etc. Tour through them. 

Spice (R. P.), 1879. 

Azores, St. Michael's Island. A summer trip. 

Swindells (R.), 1878. 

Baghdad. Jones (J. F.), 1857. 

Barcelona, improvement of. Cerda, 1867. 

Belgium and Holland. Baedeker. 

Bombay Presidency, 1884. India, p. 111. 

• Borneo. Districts lying between Gaya Bay and the Tampasuk 
River. Borneo, 1859. 

Brazil, Chorography of. Macedo, 1873. 

■ Exploring and travelling 3000 miles through. 

Wells (J. W.), 1886. 

Pioneering in South Brazil. Bigg-Wither, 1878. 

■ Southern Provinces. Carvalho, 1884. 

i Year in Brazil. Dent, 1886. 

Brazils and La Plata. Stur2, 1865. 

Buffalo, Some things in and about. Buffalo, 1884. 

Burma. People and productions. Mason (F.), 1882-83. 

Bustar. Papers relating to the Dependency of Bustar, 1863. 

India, p. 114. 

Cadiada, Western U.S., and Mexico, Five Months fine weather in. 

Carbutt (M.), 1889. 

Sandford Fleming's expedition. Grant (G. M.), 1873. 

Picturesque Canada. Grant (G. M.), 1885. 

Carolina (SouOi). Hammond (H.). 1883. 

Charleston, South Carolina, centennial celebration of the Incor- 
poration of, 1883. Chairleston, S.C. 

Celebes, Island of. Narrative of Captain David Woodard, who 
lost his ship, and was captured by the Malays. 

Woodard (Capt. David), 1805. 



294 CrSOGRAPHY. 

G^OGB^APBY— continued. 

Ceylon. Deane (A.), 1875. 

-^— Adam's Peak, Ceylon. Davby, 1818. 

Chateau Caradoc. BESAxyoN, 1866. 

China. Journey of exploration through the South China border 
lands, from Canton to Mandelay. Colquhoun, 1883. 

Chinese Empire. China, 1798. 

Rival Routes to China. Hallett (H. S.), 1888. 

Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. Greographic 
Dictionaries of. Gannett (H.), 1894. Add. 502. 

Constantinople and the Bosphorus. Andbeosst, 1828. 

Cuba and Nassau, the Winter Sanatoriums. Cuba, 1886. 

Cutch, Gulf of. Baird (A. W.), 1880. 

Cyprus, Three Months in. Brown (S.), 1879. 

Dakota, Black Hills of. Reconnaissance in 1874. Dakota, 1875. 
Delhi, Jama Masjid. Description. Balmokand, 1881. 

Duluth, The " New York " of the great Inland Lakes. 

Merchant, 1887. 

East Indies (Dutch). Dutch, 1872. 

Egypt (Lower). Baedeker. 

Egypt (Ancient). Gliddon, 1848. 

Arts, Antiquities, and Chronology of. 

Wathen (G. H.), 1843. 

Egypt, Aden, and Australia. Sherriff's Charts and Handbook to 

them. Sherrifp ( — ), 1893. 

and the Holy Land. Conrad (F. W.), 1859. 

Letters. Barth^lemt Saint Hilaire, 1857. 

Proposals for Scientific Exploration of Egypt and Ethiopia. 

Wild (J. J.), 1850. 

■ Notes on a visit to Egypt, vid Paris, Lyons, Nismes, 

Marseilles and Toulon. Sopwith (T.), 1857, p. 225. 

Political, financial and strategical. Vyse (G. W.), 1882. 

Europe. Edited by Ramsay. (Stanford's Compendium.) 

RuDLER (F. W.) and ChishoLon, 1885. 

Guide-book for English-speaking travellers. 

Applbton (D.), 1891. 

Floridas. Observations. Vignoles (C. B.), 1823. 

France. Maritime ports. Jefferts, 1774. 

Galilee (Sea of). Oliphant (L.), 1887. Add. 524. 

Germany, Bohemia, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy and Lorrain. 

Ketsler, 1760. 

Germany (Northern and Southern). Baedeker. 

Gesoriacum. Locality of the Roman Gesoriacum. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1870, p. 20. 

Goshen (Land of). Airy (Sir G. B.), 1865, p. 17. 



J 



GEOGRAPHY. ^95 

GEOGRAPHY— c<m<tnM6d. 

Gravelines. Gravelines, 1873. 

Guinea (Gulf of), Exploration of. Buchanan (J. Y.), 1888. 

Havre in 1878. Faure, 1878. 

Herculanemn. Breton, 1855. 

Himalaya Mountains and Nepal, 1857. India, p. 119. 

Holland and the Dutch Colonies. Macgregor (J.), 1848. 

Hudson's Bay and Strait. Bailet (J. C), 1884. 

Iceland: the Faroes. Brine, 1881. 
Ilios : the city and country of the Trojans. 

SCHLIEMANN (H.), 1880. 

India. Allen's Map of India. Allen (W. H.) & Co., 1842. 

Alternative Route. Mathew (Francis). 

Central Provinces. Topographical Report on the Political 

Districts of Raiguhr, Sarungurh, Sonepore, and Sumpul- 
pore, 1855. India, p. 115. 

Communications with British India under possible con- 

tingencies. GOLDSMID, 1878. 

British India. Cotton (J. S.) and Payne, 1883. 

Administration of the Marquis of Dalhousie, 1848-56. 

Dalhousie, 1856. 

Frontier Tribes on the north-east border of Assam, 1855. 

India, p. 109. 

Highlands of India, 1882-87. Newall (D. J. F.). 

India and her neighbours. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1878. 

North-West Provinces. Raises, 1852. 

Northern Littoral districts of the Madras Presidency, 1.856. 

India, p. 122. 

Overland Route, India to England. Latham (G.), 1870. 

Passage to India through Egypt and across the Great 

Desert. Capper (J.), 1784. 

■ vid the Red Sea and via the Cape of Good Hope. 

Red Sea, 1838. 

Productive Resources of India. Royle (J, F.), 1840. 

Progress and Condition. India, p. 103. 

Public Service Commission. India, p. 103. 

Our Scientific Frontier. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1880. 

Report on the Eastern Frontier. 

Pemberton (Capt. R. B.), 1835. 

Indus and its provinces considered in connection with im- 

proved means of communication. 

Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1857. 
Italy. Baedeker. 

■ Ischia. Administrative prescriptions. Isghia. 

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Cuciniello and Bianchi 



296 aEOGRAPHY. 

GEOGB.AFBY— continued, 

Japan. Mikado's Empire. Gbiffis; 1886. 

Eight years in Japan, 1873-81. Holtham. 

History, traditions, and religions. Reed (Sir E. J.), 1880. 

Jerusalem. Temple. Adleb, 1887. 

Jummoo and Kashmir Territories. Drew (F.), 1875. 

Kansas. Description of the States of Kansas and Missouri. 

Fryer, 1887. 
E^arachi, past, present, and future. Baillie (A. F.), 1890. 

Kattywar, Resources of the Province, 1856. India, p. 121. 

Krik, Journey across the Isthmus of. Loftus, 1883. 

La Plata, foundation of the capital of the Province of Buenos 
Aires. La Plata, 1883. 

Lake Superior, Exploration of the country between, and the Red 
River Settlement. Dawson (S. J.), 1859. 

Languedoc State and the Department of TAude. 

Trouve (Baron), 1818. 

Communication between the two seas. Froidour, 1672. 

Lyons. Dead cities of the Gulf of Lyons. Lenth^ic, 1879. 

Madeira in 1883. Spice (R. P.), 1884. 

Madeira and Mamore. Pinkas, 1885. 

Malta, Alexandria, Cairo, Thebes, Upper Egypt, and Nubia. 
Photographic Views. Murray (R.), 1859. 

Malta and Yaletta (newspaper cuttings, photographs, etc.). 

Tucker (J. S.), 1872, *3. 

Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, Intersection of the 
boundary lines of. Reports. 

Maryland, State of, 1850, '62. Add. 519. 

Mexican Republic. Colonization, Industry and Commerce. 

Mexico, 1887. 

Mexico. Pastrana Mine Batopilas. Randolph, 1881. 

Valley of Mexico. Garay, 1888. 

Middlesborough, Kentucky. . Middlesborough, 1890. 

Midnapore (including Hijelee) and Cuttack, 1858, Districts of. 

India, p. 126. 

Milan and its territory. Cantu, etc., 1844. 

Montana. Climate, soil, etc, Montana, 1883. 

Mont Cenis route. Derrien, 1816. 

Montpelier, Paris, Geneva, and Great St. Bernard. Raulin, 1864. 

Murray River district. Murray River, 1856. 

Nebraska and Dakota, Explorations in. Report, 1855-57. 

Nebraska. 

Netherlands. Beekman, 1884. 

Nevada and Arizona, Explorations and Surveys, principally in. 

Nevada, 1872. 



GEOGRAPHY. 297 

G'ROQRAPILY--continued. 

Nevada and Arizona. Reconnaissance through Southern and 
South-Eastem Nevada. Nevada, 1875. 

New Granada and Costa Hica Boundary question. 

New Granada, 1852. 

New York and San Francisco in 1882, Wanderings between. 

Spice (R. P.), 1882. 

Niagara, State Reservation. Report of Commissioners, 1890. 

Niagara. 
Nicaragua in 1859. Finner, 1860. 

Two routes through Nicaragua. Oliver (S. P.), 1867. 

Nineveh. Jones (J. F.), 1857. 

Nizam's dominions, Sketch of the. Bilgrami and Willmott, 1883-4. 

Norway and Sweden. Baedeker. 

Odessa, Contract for the execution of certain works at. 

Bazalgette (Sir J. W.), 1863. 

Orissa, Present State of. Halt, (G. T.), 1866. 

Oudh, Province of, 1862. India, p. 128. 

Pacific, North- West. Oregon and Washington Territory. 

Oregon, 1883. 

Central Route to the, from the Valley of the Mississippi to 

California. Heap (G. H.), 1854. 

Panama, Two years at. Cermoise, 1886. 

Paraguay. Masterman, 1869. 

Paris. Baedeker. 

Patagonia. Moreno, 1879 ; Quesada (V. G.), 1875. 

Pathan and Biloch, Across the Border, or. Oliver (E. E.), 1890. 

Paumban Channel. India, 1856, p. 128. 

Pegu, Province of. Reports, 1856. India, p. 128. 

Peru. Paz Soldan (Mateo), 1862. Add. 527 ; 

Raimondi, 1874-76. 

Pompeii. Breton, 1855. 

Portugal. Forrester, 1853. 

Portuguese African Territories. Reply to Livingstone's Accusa- 
tions. Lagerda, 1865. 

Provence. Lenthi^rig, 1878, '80. 

Red River Expedition. Huyshe, 1871. 

Red Sea. Welsted's attack on Lord Valentia's work on the Red 
Sea refuted. Robinson (F.), 1842. 

Rhine. Baedeker: 

River Plate Republics. Mulhall, 1875. 

States of the River Plate. Latham (W.), 1866. 

" Rob Roy " on the Jordan, Nile, Red Sea, and Gennesareth : a 
canoe cruise in Palestine, Egypt, etc. Macgregor (J.), 1869. 

Rocky Mountain Scenery. Sun pictures. Hayden, 1870. 

VOL. I. 2 Q 



298 GEOGRAPHY. 

GEOGtUAPKY— continued. 

Rocky Mountain Tourist. Pangborn, 1878 

Rome, Ancient. Nardini, 1818. 

Remains of Ancient Rome. Bellorius, 1673. 

Russia, Advance of. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1886. 

Its origin and development. Boulton (S. B.), 1882. 

San Francisco and back. Rab (W. F.), 1871. 

Sao Paulo Geographical Commission. Sao Paulo, 1889. 

Satara Territory, Memoir of, 1857. India, p. 130. 
Scottish.Geographical Magazine. Periodical Publications, p. 24. 

Shanghai Bund. Photographs and plans of American and English 
Settlements. Shanghai, 1866, 1891. 

Sierra de Cura-malal (Currumalan). Holmberg, 1884. 

Sikkim and Tibet. Convention between Great Britain and China, 
1890. India, p. 130. 

Sinaloa. Buelna, 1877. 

Soissons-rAbbaye de Saint Leger. Laprairie and Poquet, 1850. 

Soudan, Eastern, and Central Africa, Policy. Soudan, 1885. 

Seoul, Journey fron;, to the Phyong Kang Gold Washings. 

COREA, 1885. 

Spain, Commercial and Industrial. Higgin, 1886. 

Spain in 1866. Higgin. 

Suez and its trade with the ports of the Red Sea. Dassy, 1859. 

Suez, Isthmus of. Borde, 1870. 

Sumatra, West Coast. Sumatra, 1883 ; Verbeck, 1883. 

Sunderbund. Soonderbun Channels. India, 1854, p. 132. 

Sweden. Dahlberg [circa 1700]; Thomee (G.), 1866. 

Switzerland. Baedeker. 

Swiss Baths, Switzerland, 1830. 

Terni. Riccabdi, 1818. 

Tinnevelley District, 1878. India, p. 132. 

Tounghoo District, 1856. India, p. 132. 

Tripoli, Barbary. Trade and Commerce, 1870. Hay (D.), 1871. 
Tunis, Journey to. Botley, 1879. 

Turkey in Asia. Undeveloped resources. Austin (C. E.), 1878. 

Some Notes on Turkey. Turkey, 1867. 

Turkey (Frontier of) and Persia. Jones (J. R), 1857. 

Turkestan. Visit to Kokan. Khokand, 1863. 

United States. Bromley, 1876. 

Western States and Cincinnati in 1826. Bullock, 1827 

Cave Exploration in Eastern United States. 

Mercer (H. C), 1894. Add. 520. 

Expedition through the Big Horn Mountains, Yellowstone 

National Park, etc. Report. Sheridan (Gen. P. H.), 1882. 



GEOGRAPHY. 299 

GEOGRAPHY— con^twtted. 

United States. Mason and Dixon's lin^. Boundary lines of the 
States of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. 

Graham (J. D.), 1862. 

United States and Territories. Boundaries. 

Garnett (H.), 1885. 

Tourists' Guide. Allan Ijine, 1881. 

Utah, Territory of. Report of Explorations across the Great 

Basin of the. Utah, 1876. 

Ute Country. Report of a reconnaissance in, made in 1873 

by Ruffner. Ute Country, 1874. 

Uruguay. Its geographical history, commerce, etc. 

Uruguay, 1883. 

Venezuela. Hawkshaw, 1838. 

Statistical Annuary of. Venezuela, 1884-87. 

Wyoming, North Western. Yellowstone National Park, Recon- 
naissance of. Jones (Wm. A.), 1875. 

Yellowstone Park. Annual Reports, etc. 

Yellowstone Park, 1881, '83. 

Zuiderzee. Zuiderzee- Vereeniging, 1892. 

See also Topography. 

GEOGRAPHY (Gazetteers). 

Gazetteers and Dictionary of Geography. Brookes, 1801 ; 

Johnston (A. K.), 1877. Index Geographicus. Johnston 

(A. K.), 1864 ; Lippincott (J. D.), 1893. Add. 515. 

Wright (Rev. G. N.), 1834-35. 

Geographic Dictionaries of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode 
Island. Gannett (H.), 1894. Add 502. 

Geographical Dictionary of the World. 

Lippincott (J. D.), 1893. Add. 515. 

Imperial Gazetteer. Blackie (W. G.), 1860, 1868. 

Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia. 

Balfour (E.), 1871. 

India Imperial Gazetteer. Hunter (Sir W. W.), 1881, 

Indian Gazetteer. Thornton (E.), 1893. 

Library Cyclopaedia of Geography. Bryce and Johnston, 1880. 

Pocket Gazetteer of the World. Bartholomew (J. G.), 1888. 

Railway and Commercial Gazetteer of England, Scotland and 
Wales. McCorquodale & Co., 1882, '94. 

United States. Geographical Dictionary. Colange, 1884. 

GEOGRAPHY (Physical). Ansted, D. T. 1850 ; Ansted, D. T. 
1868 ; CooLEY ( W. D.), .1876 ; Somerville (Mrs. Mary), 1849. 

Brazil. Physical Geography. Wells (J. W.), 1886. 



300 GEOGRAPHY — GEOLOGY. 

GEOGRAPHY (Physical)— con^mwed. 

Canada. Physical Geography. 

Selwyn (A. R. C), and Dawson, 1884, 

Great Britain. Ramsay (A. C), 1863, 1878. 

New South Wales. Russell (H. C), 1892. 

Sea. Maury, 1855, '60 

Typical Mountain Ranges. An application of the calculus of 
probabilities to physical geography. Spottis woode ( W.), 1 860. 

GEOLOGY (General References). Ansted D. T. (1850); Bake- 
well (F. C), 1854 ; Bakewell (R.), 1815 ; Bayle, 1869 ; 
Beudant, 1874; Bowen, 1865; Braude, 1829; Cole 
(G. A. J.), 1891 ; Dana (J. D.), 1869, 1879. Text books, 
Dana, 1869 ; Geikie (Sir A.), 1882 ; Jukes, 1872 ; Le Conte, 
1883 ; Phillips (J.), 1835, '85 ; Phillips (W.), 1826 ; Port- 
lock, 1859 ; Selle (A. de), 1878. 

Advantage to the Civil Engineer of a study of Geology. 

Reade, 1888. 

Annuaire geologique universel et guide du geologie autour de la 
Terre. Periodical Publications, p. 11. 

Application to Acts and Agriculture. 

Orbigny and Gente, 1851. 
To the Arts and manufactures. Ansted, (D. T.), 1865. 

Applications. Ramsay (A. C), 1852. 

Archiv fiir practische Geologie. Periodical Publications, p. 12. 
Astronomical influence upon geological phenomena. 

Herschel (Sir J. R W.), 1832, p. 50. 

Chemical and Physical geology. Bischof, 1854-59 ; 

Cavendish Society, 1854-59. 

Chemical, physical and stratigraphical. Prestwich, 1886. 

Consumption, Geology and. Whitaker (W.), 1869. 

Elements, 1865. Lyell. 

Engineer, Aj^lied to the art of the. Buzzi, 1878 ; 

NivoiT, 1887-89. 
Engineer's Manual. Varley, 1846. 

Engineering Geology. Penning (W. H.), 1880. 

Field Geology and Palaeontology, Text Book of. 

Penning (W. H.), 1879. 
Geological Glossary. Oldham (T.), 1879. 

Geological Magazine. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Geological Record. An account of works on Geology, etc., pub- 
lished during the years 1875-89. 

Periodical Publications. Add. 528. 
Geologist. . Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Great Ice Age and its relation to the Antiquity of Man. 

Geikie (J.), 1874. 



GEOLOGY. 301 

CrEOLOGY (General References) — continued. 

History. Ramsay (A. C), 1849. 

How to observe. Delabeche, 1836. 

Index Geologicus. Bartlett. 

International Geological Congress, London, 1888. 

International Geol. Cong. 

Manual. Delabeche, 1832, '33. 

Mineralogy considered with reference to Natural Theology. 

Bridgewater Treatises, 6. 

Museum of Economic Geology and Mining Records Office, Account. 

SopwiTH (T.), 1843, p. 224. 

Natural History, Relations of, to geology and the arts. 

Forbes (E.), 1851. 
Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Geologic, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 20. 

New System of Geology in which Modern Science and Sacred 
History are reconciled. Ure (A.), 1829. 

Petrology. Pinkerton (J.), 1811. 

Physics, Geology and General. Thomson (Sir William), 1889-94. 
Popular Geology, Sketchbook. Miller (Hugh), 1869. 

Practical Geology, Museum of. Catalogue of the Geological 
Mining and Metallurgical Models. Bauerman, 1865. 

Government School of Mines. Delabeche, 1851. 

Practical Geology and Mineralogy. Trimmer (J.), 1841. 

Principles, 1833, '40, '63, '67. Lyell. 

Progress. Dickinson (J.), 1887. 

Revue de Geologie. Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Students' Elements, 1871. Lyell. 

Theoretical. Delabeche, 1834. 

Value to the military engineer. Cooke (A.), 1864. 

Wonders. Mantell, 1839. 

GEOLOGY (Special). 

Age of the Earth, Calculation of, based upon the hypothesis of 
the permanence of oceans and continents. Reade, 1883. 

Antiquity of man. Geological evidence of. 1863. Lyell. 

Chalk between Croydon and Ostend, Some Sections of. 

Evans (E.), 1870. 

Chemical denudation in relation to geological time. 

Reade, 1879. 

Compressive stress in Rocks, Cause of active. Reade, 1891. 

Construction of geological cuttings. Chance (H. M.), 1881. 

Continental growth and geological periods. Reade, 1894. 

Contraction during the cooling of intrusive masses of granite. 

Reade, 1889. /" 





304 GEOLOGY. 

GEOLOGY (Places)— cowh'wwcd. 

America (North). Record, 1887-91. 

Darton, 1891 ; Darton. Add. 495. 

America (Central). Geology of a part of Costa Bica. 

Attwood, 1882. 

Alt River. Submarine Forest of the Alt Mouth. Reade, 1878 

Arabia Petrsea and Palestine. Physical Geology. 

Hull (E.), 1886. Add. 509. 

Atlantic (North) as a geological basis. Reade, 1885, 

Australia. Geology of Australian €U)ldfields. 

Wathen (G. H.), 1855. 

Australia physical structure. Jukes, 1850. 

Queensland. Geological features of the south-eastern 

districts. Queensland, 1879, p. 71. 

South Australia. Adelaide to Hale River. Report on 

a journey. South Australia, 1889, p. 227. 

Port Augusta to Eucla. Report on the Geological 

Character of the country. South Australia, 

1885, p. 227. 

Barossa Hundred. Geological map of its tertiary deposits. 

South Australia, 1889, p. 227. 

Gumeracha and Mount Crawford Goldfields. Notes on 

Geological map. South Australia, 1887, p. 227. 

Warrina to Musgrave Ranges. Report on a Journey. 

South Australia, 1890, p. 227. 

Victoria. Murray (R. A. P.), 1887. 

' Geological Survey and Maps. Reports, etc. 

Victoria, 1854-61, 1869-83, p. 375. 

Report of progress, 1874-84. Victoria. Add. 538. 

Volcanic Rocks of the Ballarat District. Krause, 1882. 

Physiography and Geological Structure of the locality of 

Mount Buninyong. Krause, 1882 

(Western), Geological Survey. Brown (H. Y. L.), 1872. 

Report from the Government Geologist. 

Western Australia, 1871. 

Bas Boulonnais. The lower Cretaceous Beds of. 

Topley (W.), 1868. 

Belgium, geological map of. Belgium, 1880-81, p. 116. 

and the French Ardennes. Gosselet, Ac, 1885. 

Brazil. Sao Paulo Geological Commission. Sao Paulo, 1887. 

Canada, Elevations in. Spencer (J. W.), 1884. 

(Jeoiogy Selwyn (A. R. C.) and Dawson, 1884. 

Publications of the Geological Survey. 

Canada, pp. 216-217. 

Stratigraphical Collection of Canadian Rocks. 

Ferrier, 1893. 



GEOLOGY. 303 

GEOLOGY (Special)— con/wMed. 

Quartemary Gravels. Tylor (A.), 1869. 

Hocks, Origin of. Delesse, 1858, 1865 

Rooks composing the surface of the earth. Obbiqny, 1868. 

Sand, Miniature Domes in Sand. Reade, 1884. 

Sandstone, Old Red. Miller (Hugh), 1859. 

Cause of the Coloration. Reade, 1890. 

Circulation of Water in. Reade, 1884. 

New Red Sandstone and the Physiography of the Triassic 

period. Reade, 1889. 

Secular Cooling of the Earth. Reade, 1887. 

Straining of the Earth in relation to the deep phenomena 

of Volcanic action. Reade, 1890. 

Sedimentation, Effect of, on the Temperature of the Earth's 
crust. Reade, 1891. 

Silurian System. Murchison, 1839. 

Slickensides and Normal faults. Reade, 1889. 

Some New Red Horizons. . Lyman (D. S.), 1894. Add. 517. 

Stalagmites of Sand. Reade, 1891. 

Subaerial Denudation, and on cliffs and escarpments of the chalk 
and the lower tertiary beds. Whitaker (W.), 1867. 

Technical Education, Geology as a branch of. 

Cadell (H. M ), 1887. Add. 489. 
Terrestrial Magnetism, connexion of Geology with. 

Hopkins (E.), 1844, '51, '55. 

Testimony of the Rocks. Miller (Hugh), 1869. 

Tidal action as a geological cause. Reade, 1874. 

As an agent of geological change. Reade, 1888. 

Trias Rounding of Sandstone grains of the. Reade, 1892. 

• Trias of Cannock Chase. Reade, 1892. 

Physiography of the Lower Trias. Reade, 1889. 

Triassic Borings. De Range, 1879. 

Near Warrington. De Range, 1880. 

Valleys and their relation to Fissures, Fractures and Faults. 

KiNAHAN, 1875. 
Water in the interior of the Earth. Delesse, 1861. 

GEOLOGY (Plages). 

America (North and South). Denudation of the two Americas. 

Reade, 1885. 
America (North). Cambrian Faunas of N. America. 

Walgott (C. D.), 1884, '86. 

Laurentian Limestones. Hunt (T. S.), 1871. 

North American Bibliography for 1886. Dartox, 1887, 



306 GEOLOGY. 

GEOLOGY {TLXCEB)'-continu€d. 

Great Britam. Bridgwater Railway. Clabke (J. F. M.), 1891. 

Buckinghamshire Geological Map. Smith (William), 1824. 

ChesU Bank, formation of. Bbistow and Whitaker, 1869. 

Chippenham. Strata and organic remains exposed in the 

cutting of Branch Railway from the Great Western 
line near. Mantell (R. N.), 1850. 

Cleveland, District of, North Yorkshire. Bewick (J.), 1861. 

Clwyd, Trias of the Vale of. Reade, 1891. 

Clyde and Forth, Glacial Beds of the. Reade, 1880. 

Clydesdale and Arran. Bbyce, 1859. 

Colwyn Bay, Drift Deposits of. Reade, 1885. 

Cornish Rocks, Chemical Composition of. 

Phillips (J. A.), 1871. 

Cornwall. Geology. Symons (B.), 1884. 

Cornwall, Devon, and West Somerset. Delabeghe, 1839 ; 

Geological Survey, 1839. 

Cromer Forest Bed. Reade, 1883. 

Devon (North), Grouping of the Rocks of, and West 

Somerset. Jukes, 1867. 

Dover, Straits of, excavations in, for Channel Tunnel. 

COLLADON, 1883. 

Submarine exploration. Fotieb and Lapparent, 1875-77. 

Midland Counties, Triassic and Fermian Rocks of. 

Geological Survey, 1869. 

Triassic and Permian Rocks. Hull (E.), 1869 

North-west Drift Beds. Reade, 1874, '83. 

St. David's, Fembrokeshire, Geology. Reade, 1888. 

South-east of England. Mantell, 1833. 

South-east, Geological relations at the beds between the 

Chalk and the Furbeck Limestone in. Filton, 1833. 
Geological map of. Whitakeb (W.) and Topley, 1870. 

England and Wales. Conybeabe and Fhillips 1822 ; 

WooDWABD (H. B.), 1887. 
Geological Map of. Gbeenough, 1865. 

English Channel. Submarine Geology off the coast of 

South Devon. Hunt (A. R.), 1881. 

Eskdale Drift, and its bearing on glacial geology. 

Reade (T. M.), 1893. Add. 530. 

■ Fenland. Geological Survey, 1877 ; 

Sketchley (S. B. L.), 1877. 

Formby and Leasowe marine beds (section of the) and 

superior peat bed. Reade, 1883. 

Glamorganshire, Lower Lias, or lias conglomerate, of a 

part of Bbistow, 1867. 



GEOLOGY. 307 

GEOLOGY {Fl£lCEs)— continued. 

Great Britain. Godalming, Lower Greensand of. 

Mbyer (C. J. A.), 1868. 

Hastings Strata, Observations on. Webster (Thomas), 1824. 

Hertfordshire. Geology and Climate. 

HoPKiNSON (J.), F.L.S., 1887. 

List of Works on. Hopkinson (J.), F.L.S., 1885. 

Silurian Rocks in Hertfordshire, and their relation to 

the Water-bearing strata of the London basin. 

Hopkinson (J.), F.L.S., 1880. 

Holderness. Geological Survey, 1885 ; 

Reid (Clement), 1885. 

Hordwell Cliff, Hampshire. Freshwater formation in, and 

on the subjacent beds from Hordwell to Muddiford. 

Webster (Thomas), 1821. 

Hull, Bamsley, and West Riding Junction Railway and 

Dock. Cole (E. M.), 1886. 

Isle of Wight. Bristow, 1889 ; Geological Survey, 1889 ; 

and Coast of Dorsetshire. Mantell, 1847. 

Freshwater Formations in. Webster (Thomas), 1814. 

Tertiary Fluvio-marine formation. Forbes (E.), 1856 ; 

Geological Survey, 1856. 

Kent (East), Geological changes in, since the Roman 

Conquest. Dowkeb (G.), 1880. Add. 497. 

Kent, Surrey, and Sussex. Map. Kent, 1868. 

Lancashire and Cheshire, Post-glacial Geology of. 

Reade, 1871. 

Leith, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, Mineral Survey on level 

line for a Canal between. Faterson (J.), 1814. 

Liverpool, Country around, and north of ^Flintshire. 

Morton (G. H.), 1891. 

Notes on a few Borings and the base of the New Red 

Sandstone near. Timmins (A.), 1888-89. 

London. Hopkinson (J.), F.L.S., 1889. 

Clapham and the neighbourhood of London. 

Frestwich, 1857. 

London. Geological Inquiry respecting the Water-bearing 

strata of the country round. Frestwich, 1851. 

Jurassic Deposits which underlie London. Judd, 1884. 

London and Neighbourhood. Geological Survey, 1889 ; 

Whitaker (W.), 1875, '89. 
Notes on the surface geology. Whitaker (W.), 1867. 

London Strata. Sections. Mtlne (R. W.), 1850. 

London and part of the Thames Valley, Geology of. 

Whitaker (W.), 1889. 

Malvern Hills. Fhillips (J.), 1855. 



298 GKOGRAPHY. 

GEOGRAPHY— con^mttec^. 

Rocky Mountain Tourist. Pangbobn, 1878 

Rome, Ancient. Nardini, 1818. 

Remains of Ancient Rome. Bellorius, 1673. 

Russia, Advance of. Andrew (Sir W. P.), 1886. 

Its origin and development. Boulton (S. B.), 1882. 

San Francisco and back. Rae (W. F.), 1871. 

Sao Paulo Geographical Commission. Sao Paulo, 1889. 

Satara Territory, Memoir of, 1857. India, p. 130. 
ScottishGeographical Magazine. Periodical Publications, p. 24. 

Shanghai Bund. Photographs and plans of American and English 
Settlements. Shanghai, 1866, 1891. 

Sierra de Cura-malal (Currumalan). Holmberg, 1884. 

Sikkim and Tibet. Convention between Great Britain and China, 
1890. India, p. 130. 

Sinaloa. Buelna, 1877. 

Soissons-l'Abbaye de Saint Leger. Laprairie and Poquet, 1850. 

Soudan, Eastern, and Central Africa, Policy. Soudan, 1885. 

Seoul, Journey from, to the Phyong Kang Gold Washings. 

COREA, 1885. 
Spain, Commercial and Industrial. Higgin, 1886. 

Spain in 1866. Higgin. 

Suez and its trade with the ports of the Red Sea. Dajssy, 1859. 
Suez, Isthmus of. Borde, 1870. 

Sumatra, West Coast. Sumatra, 1883 ; Yerbeck, 1883. 

Sunderbund. Soonderbun Channels. India, 1854, p. 132. 

Sweden. Dahlberq [circa 1700]; Thomee (G.), 1866. 

Switzerland. Baedeker. 

Swiss Baths. Switzerland, 1830. 

Terni. Riccardi, 1818. 

Tinnevelley District, 1878. India, p. 132. 

Tounghoo District, 1856. India, p. 132. 

Tripoli, Barbary. Trade and Commerce, 1870. Hay (D.), 1871. 
Tunis, Journey to. Botley, 1879. 

Turkey in Asia. Undeveloped resources. Austin (C. E.), 1878. 

Some Notes on Turkey. Turkey, 1867. 

Turkey (Frontier of) and Persia. Jones (J. F.), 1857. 

Turkestan. Visit to Kokan. Khokand, 1863. 

United States. Bromley, 1876. 

• Western States and Cincinnati in 1826. Bullock, 1827 

Cave Exploration in Eastern United States. 

Mercer (H. C), 1894. Add. 520. 

Expedition through the Big Horn Mountains, Yellowstone 

National Park, etc. Report. Sheridan (Gen. P. H.), 1882. 



GEOGRAPHY. 299 

GEOGrRAPlLY— continued. 

United States. Mason and Dixon's line. Boundary lii^es of the 
States of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. 

Graham (J. D.), 1862. 

United States and Territories. Boundaries. 

Garnktt (H.), 1885. 

Tourists' Guide. Allan Liine, 1881. 

. Utah, Territory of. Report of Explorations across the Great 

Basin of the. Utah, 1876. 

Ute Country. Report of a reconnaissance in, made in 1873 

by Ruffner. Ute Country, 1874. 

Uruguay. Its geographical history, commerce, etc. 

Uruguay, 1883. 

Venezuela. Hawkshaw, 1838. 

Statistical Annuary of. Venezuela, 1884-87. 

Wyoming, North Western. Yellowstone National Park, Recon- 
naissance of. Jones (Wm. A.), 1875. 

Yellowstone Park. Annual Reports, etc. 

Yellowstone Park, 1881, '83. 

Zuiderzee. Zuiderzee- Vereoniging, 1892. 

See also Topography. 

GEOGRAPHY (Gazetteers). 

Gazetteers and Dictionary of Geography. Brookes, 1801 ; 

Johnston (A. K.), 1877. Index Geographicus. Johnston 

(A. K.), 1864 ; Lippincott (J. D.), 1893. Add. 515. 

Wright (Rev. G. N.), 1834-35. 

Geographic Dictionaries of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode 
Island. Gannett (H.), 1894. Adi 502. 

Geographical Dictionary of the World. 

Lippincott (J. D.), 1893. Add. 515. 

Imperial Gazetteer. Blackie (W. G.), 1860, 1868. 

Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia. 

Balfour (K), 1871. 

India Imperial Gazetteer. Hunter (Sir W. W.), 1881. 

Indian Gazetteer. Thornton (E.), 1893. 

Library Cyclopsedia of Geography. Bryce and Johnston, 1880. 

Pocket Gazetteer of the World. Bartholomew (J. G.), 1888. 

Railway and Commercial Gazetteer of England, Scotland and 
Wales. McCoKQUODALE & Co., 1882, '94, 

United States. Geographical Dictionary. Colange, 1884. 

GEOGRAPHY (Physical). Ansted, D. T. 1850 ; Ansted, D. T. 

1868; Cooley (W. D.), .1876 ; Somerville (Mrs. Mary), 1849. 

Brazil. Physical Geography. Wells (J. W.), 1886. 



1 



308 GEOLOGY. 

GEOLOGY (PhACEa)— continued. 

Great Britain. Manchester. Sketch and Geological Essays. 

Taylor (John), F.R.S., 1864. 

Mersey, Post-glacial geology of the Estuary of the. 

Reade, 1872. 

Norfolk, Geological observations on the eastern valleys of. 

BOBBERDS (J. W., Jun.), 1826. 

Northumberland and Durham, Strata of, as proved by 

Borings and Sinkings, 1 88 1 . North of England Institute. 

Oxford and Valley of the Thames. Phillips (J.), 1871. 

Geological conditions affecting the Water Supply to 

houses and towns, with special reference to. 

Prestwich, 1876. 

Plymouth District, Hydro-geology of the. 

Inglis (J. C), 1877. 

Reygate Stone, and of the Fuller's Earth at Nutfield, 

Geognostical Situation of. Webster (Thomas), 1821. 

Scotland (Scenery of), viewed in connection with its physical 

geology. Geikie (Sir A.), 1865, 

Shropshire and Cheshire, Bipple marks in Drift in. 

Reade, 1884. 

Sub-Wealden Exploration. Fourth Quarterly Report, 1873. 

Sub-Wealden Exploration. 

Vyrnwy Valley, Glacial Geology of the. Deacon, 1889. 

Wales (North) Coast, Drift Beds of the Moel Tryfaen 

area of. Reade, 1893. 

Weymouth and Isle of Portland. Damon, 1860. 

Yorkshire. Phillips (J.), 1835. 

Yorkshire Coalfield. Green and Russell, 1878. 

Yorkshire Coast, Geological Survey of. 

Young (Rev. G.), 1828. 

Traverse of Yorkshire Drift. Reade, 1883. 

Geological Map. Smith (William), Geologist, 1821. 

■ Jurassic Rocks of. Fox Strang ways, 1892. 



India. Geological Survey Memoirs, Contents and Index of. . 

Theobald (W.), 1892. 

Reports, 1858-59, 1863-67. Memoirs, 1859, etc. Records, 

1870, etc. PalsBontologia Indica, 1861, etc. 

India, pp. 101-2. 

Catalogues of Cephalopoda, Echinodermata, and Meteorites 

in the Museum, 1865, '66, '68. India, p. 101. 

Kattyawar, South Coast, and Runn of Kutch. Memo- 

randum on the Geological Action. Sowerby (W.), 1867. 

Manual of the Geology of India. 

Medlicott (H. B.) and Blandford, 1893. Add. 519. 

Geological Map. Greenough, 1857. 



GEOLOGY. 309 

GEOLOGY (Flacks)— continued, 

India. Indian Museum, Calcutta. Catalogue of the remains of Pleis- 
tocene and Pre-historic Vertebrata. Ltde&keb, 1886. 

Catalogue of the Remains of Siwalik Vertebrata. 

Ltdekkeb, 1885-86. 

Stratigraphical and structural Geology.. 

Oldham (R. D.), 1893. 

Summary. Carter (H. J.), 1857. 

Western India. Geological Papers, 1857. India, p. 102. 

Western India, including Cutch Sinde and the south-east 

coast of Arabia. Carter (H. J.), 1857. 

Ireland. Hull (E.), 1878. 

Dublin and Wicklow Shelly-Drift. 

Reade (T. M.), 1894. Add. 530. 

Londonderry and parts of Tyrone and Fermanagh. 

Geological Survey, 1843 ; Portlock, 1843. 

Italy. Subterranean Treasures. Jbrvis (W. P.), 1873-89. 

Jamaica. Report. West Indies, 1869. 

Japan. Hokkaido. Survey, 1874-76. Munroe. 

Geological Survey. Reports of progress, 1878-79. Lyman. 

Yesso, 1874, 77. Lyman. 

Liege, Province of. Dumont (A. H.), 1832. 

Namur. Minerals and fossUs of the Namur province. 

Cauchy, 1825. 

New South Wales. Geological map of HiQ End and Tambaroora. 

Hill End, N.S.W. 

Sedimentary Formations of New South Wales. 

Clarke (Rev. W. B.), 1878. 

New Zealand. Canterbury Province. Survey. Haast, 1864. 

Formation of Canterbury Plains. Haast, 1864. 

Corals and Bryozoa of the Neozoic Period in. 

Tenison-Woods (Rev. J. E.), 1880. 

■ Reports of Geological Explorations, 1874, etc. 

New Zealand, p. 409. 

Index to Reports of Geological Survey, 1866-85. 

New Zealand, p. 409. 

Western districts of Nelson Province. Exploration. 

Haast, 1861. 

North Island. Crawford (J. C), 1865. 

Palaeontology. Corals and Bryozoa of the Neozoic period. 

New Zealand, p. 409. 

Tertiary MoUuska and Echinodermata, 1873. 

New Zealand, p. 409. 

Formation of the Timaru District. Goodall, 1886 ; 

Haast, 1865. 



310 GEOLOGY. 

GEOLOGY (Places)-— con^twued. 

New Zealand. Lower Waikato District. Geological Report. 

HuTTON (F. W.), 1867. 

West Coast Exploration. Haast, 1865. 

Norber Brow and their levels, Perched Blocks of. Beade, 1891. 
Palestine Dynamic Geology. Taunton (J. H.), 1892. 

Geology of Palestine. Hudleston (W. H.), 1885. 

Bhineland between Basel and Mainz. 

Oetnhausen, Dechen and La Boche, 1825. 

Bussia. Geology of Moscow. Petunnikopp, 1886. 

Bussia in Europe and the Ural Mountains. 

MuRCHisoN, Verneuil and Keyserling, 1845. 

Saint Gothard, Alpine Chain of. Giordano, 1872. 

Spain. Bio Tinto Mines. • Pyretic region of the Sierra Morena. 

Collins (J. H.), 1885. 

Fossils. Mallada, 1885-87. 

Suez Canal. Geological Notice. Suez Canal, 1865. 

Tyrol. Bemarkable occurrence of Serpentine at the junction of 
Sienite with the Dolomite of the Tyrol. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1835. 

Trinidad, Beport on the Geology of. Trinidad, 1860; Wall 

(G. P.) and Sawkins, 1860 ; West Indies, 1860. 

United States. Geological Observations on the United States, 

Canada, and Nova Scotia. Ltell, 1845, '55. 

Geological Map. Hitchcock (C. H.), 1886. 

Geology of the Globe and of the U.S. in particular. 

Hitchcock (E.), 1854. 

Neocene. Dall and Harris, 1891. 

Belations of the Traps of the Newark System in the New 

Jersey Begion. Darton, 1890. 

Sandstone : Junction between the Eastern and the Keweenaw 

Series. Irving (B. D.) and Chamberlin, 1885. 

Secondary Enlargement of Mineral Fragment in certain 

Bocks, 1884. Irving (B. D.) and Van Hise. 

■ Subaerial Decay of Bocks and origin of the Bed Colour of 

certain formations. Bussell (I. C), 1889. Add. 531. 

Tertiary Bhynchophorous Coleoptera. 

Scudder (S. H.), 1893. Add. 533. 

Agassiz (Lake). Upper Beaches and Deltas of the Glacial. 

Upham (W.), 1887. 

— — Arkansas. Geological Beconnoissance of the Northern 

Counties of. Owen (D. D.), 1858-60. 

■ Baltimore, Maryland. Gabbros and associated Hornblende 

rocks occurring in the neighbourhood of. 

Williams (G. H.), 1886. 

Bonneville (Lake). Gilbert (G. K.), 1890. 



GEOLOGY. 311 

GEOLOGY (Places) — continued. 

United States. California. Kew Cretaceous Fossils from. 

White (C. A.), 1885. 

Northern California. Diller, 1886, 

Southern California. Post-Pliocene Diastrophism of 

the coast of. Lawson (A. C), 1893. Add. 514. 

Stratigraphy. Becker (G. F.), 1885. 



- Carmelo Bay. Lawson (A. C.) and Posada, 1893. 

- Colorado. Buffalo Peaks. Emmons, 1883. 

Colorado Formation and its Invertebrate Fauna. 

Stanton (I. W.), 1893. Add. 534. 
Leadville. Emmons, 1886. 

Striking Products of Erosion in. Endlich, 1878. 

- Comstock Lode and Washoe District. 

Becker (G. F.), 1882 ; United States, 1882, p. 347. 

- Connecticut Geological Survey. Shepard (C. U.), 1837. 

- Dakota. Geology, mineral resources and mills of the Black 

Hnis. Dakota, 1888. 

- Delaware, Gabbros and Associated Rocks in. Chester, 1890. 

- Elliott County, Kentucky, Peridotite of. Diller, 1887. 

- Grand Canon District, Tertiary history of the. 

DuTTON (C. E.), 1882. 

- Green Bay and the Wisconsin Territory to the Coteau de 

Prairie. Geological Reconnaissance, by way of. 

Featherstonhaugh, 1836. 

- Huron (Lake), Report on the north shore of. Huron, 1849. 

- Idaho and Wyoming, Jura Trias Section of. 

Peale (A. C), 1879. 

- Indiana. Geological Survey. Reports, 1870-72. Indiana. 

- Kansas City, Clays and Building Stones of counties 

tributary to. Ladd (G. E.), 1891. 

South Western Kansas. Geological Reconnaissance. 

Hay (R.), 1890. 

- Lahontan, Crystallographic Study of the Thinolite of. 

Dana, 1884. 

- Geological history of Lake Lahontan (U.S. Geol. 

Survey, Monograph XI.). Russell (I. C), 1885. 

• Superior (Lake) and the Rocky Mountains. Altitudes 

between. Upham (W.), 1891. 

- Massachusetts and Narragansett bays, Country between. 

McNeill, 1832. 

- Michigan, Greenstone Schist areas of the Menominee and 

Marquette Regions of. Williams (G. H.), 1890. 

• Minnesota, Eruptive and Sedimentary Rocks on Pigeon 

Point. Bayley (W. S.), 1893. Add. 484. 



3] 2 GE0L06T 

United States. MiMoorL Age and oigm of the Orystalliiie 
Rocks. Hawobth, 1891. 

Geological Survey. Broadhead, Merk and Shnmard. 

Lower Carboniferous Grinoids from. 

Muxes (S. A.), 1891. 

Reports of the Geological Survey, Misaonri, 1855-71, 

Bulletins, 1890-91. Report of State Geologist, 1891. 

Missouri. 

Montana. The Laramie and the overlying Livingston 

Formation in. Wbbd (W. H.), 1893. 

Paleozoic Section in the Vicinity of Three Forks. 

Pbalb (A. C), 1893. Add. 527 

Nanticoke disaster, 1886, Geologic relations of. ^ 

ASHBUBNER. 

Nantucket Geology. Shaler (N. S.), 1889. Add. 533. 

Nevada. Eureka District. Haoub (A.), 1892. 

Crystallisation in the Igneous Rocks of Washoe. 

Hague, A. and Iddings, 1885. 

New Jersey. Cook (G. H.), 1868. 

Agricultural Geology, United States, particularly New 

Jersey. Delesse, 1880. 

New Mexico. Volcanic Rocks from the Tewan Mountains. 

Iddinos, 1890. 

Ohio. Geological Survey Report, 1871. Ohio. 

Geology, Andrews, E. B. and Ballatine, 1870. 

Pennsylvania. Geological Survey, 1886, etc. 

Pennsylvania. 

Glacial Boundary in Western Pennsylvania, Ohio, 



Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois. Weight (G. F.), 1890. 

Point Bonita, Eruptive Rocks of. 

Ransomb (F. L.), 1893. Add. 530. 

Potomac Formation, Fossil Wood and Lignite of. 

Knowlton, 1889. 

(Quaternary Lakes of the Great Basin Call, 1884. 

St. Louis City and County, Clay, Stone, Lime, and Sand 
Industries of. Ladd (G. E.), 1890. 

Sioux (Great) Reservation, Lignites of. Report on the 
region between the Grand and Moreau Rivers, Dakota. 

Willis (B.), 1885. 

Tennessee and adjoining districts. Hull (E.), 1891. 

Texas. Present condition of knowledge. 

Hill (R. T.), 1887. 

Texan Permian and its mesozoic types of Fossils. 

White (C. A.) and Nicholson, 1891 



OEOLOGT. 313 

GEOLOGY (PhAcm)— continued. 

United States. Tuscaloosa, Tombigbee, and Alabama Rivers, 
Tertiary and Cretaceous strata of the. 

Smith (E. A.), and Johnson, 1887. 

Utah, U.S.A., Report on the Geology of. Utah, 1880. 

Virginia. Geological Survey Reports. Virginia, 1838. 

Virginia and Kentucky. Geology of the Big Stone Gap 

Coalfield. Campbell (M. R.), 1893. Add. 490. 

Washington (Central), Geological reconnaissance in. 

Russell (I. C), 1893. Add. 531. 

Washington Territory, Changes in River Courses in, due 

to Glaciation. Willis (B.), 1887. 

Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers, Geological report of the 

Exploration of. Yellowstone River, 1869. 

— — Yellowstone Valley north of the Park, Glaciation of. 

Weed (W. H.), 1893. 

Vienna, Tertiary formation in the neighbourhood of. 

Kabbrb, 1877. 

GEOLOGY (Paleontology). 

Account of Works published during the years 1875-89. 

Pebiodical Publications. Add* 528. 

New South Wales coal-fields. Palaeozoic fossils. Keene, 1867. 

United States. California, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Paleontology 

of. White (C. A.), 1885. 

Eureka District, Palaeontology of. Walcott (C. D.), 1884. 

— ^ New Jersey and Connecticut Valley, Fossil Fishes and 
Fossil Plants of the Triassic Rocks of. 

Newbebby (J. S.). 
GEOLOGY (Paleontology : Fauna). 

Bone Caves. Sebbes, 1838. 

Dinocerata. Extinct order of gigantic mammals. 

Mabsh (0. C), 1886. 

Fossil Alcyonia. Some new varieties of. 

Websteb (Thomas), 1814. 

Fossil Insects including Myriapods and Arachnids. Our present 
knowledge of them. Scuddeb (S. H.), 1886, '90. 

Laramie Molluscan Fauna, Relation of, to that of the succeeding 
Freshwater Eocene and other groups. White (C. A.), 1886. 

Thesaurus Siluricus. Flora and fauna of the Silurian period. 

BiGSBY, 1868. 

VentriculidsB of the chalk, their microscopic structure, affinities, 
and classification. Smith (Joshua Toulmin), 1848. 

America. Marine Mollusca. Dall, 1885. 

North American Invertebrate Palaeontology, Supplement to 

the bibliography of. White (C. A.) and Nicholson, 1879. 
VOL. I. 2 s 



3^14 GEOLOGY — GEOMETRY. 

GEOLOGY — (Pal-eontology : Fauna) — continued. 

America. Jurassic Freshwater invertebrates of. 

White (C. A.), 1886 

- Paleozoic Crustacea from 1698 to 1889 including a list of 

N. American species, etc., Bibliography. 

VOGDEB (A. W.), 1890. 
Paleozoic Fishes of North America. Newberry (J. S.). 

America (Western North). Marine Eocene, Freshwater Miocene, 
and other fossil Mollusca of. White (C. A.), 1885. 

Borneo. Fossil Mollusca of the Eocene. Borneo, 1877. 

Europe and North America, Extinct Yertebrata of. Fauna of 
the Miocene Tertiaries of Oregon. Cope, 1879. 

Great Britain. Asterolepis of Stromness. Miller (Hugh), 1869. 

Pacific. Invertebrate Fossils from the Pacific Coast. 

White (C. A.), 1889. 
United States. Mesozoic Echinodermata of the United States. 

Clark (W. B.), 1892 ; Clark (W. B.), 1893. Add. 492. 

■ Idaho (South Western), Fossils of the Jura Trias of. Con- 

ditions of Preservation of Invertebrate FossUs. 

White (C. A.), 1879. 

New Jersey. Brachiopoda and Lamellibranchiata of the 

Raritan clays and greenstone marls of. 

Whitfield (R. P.), 1885. 

Gasteropoda and Cephalopoda of the Raritan Clays and 

Greensand Marls of. Whitfield (R. P.), 1891. 

New. Mexico. Systematic Catalogue of Vertebrata of the 

eocene of New Mexico. New Mexico, 1875. 

— ^ New York, Fossil Fauna of the Upper Devonian. The 
Genesee Section of. Williams (H. S.), 1887. 

Rhode Island Coal Field. Insect fauna. 

SouDDEB (S. H.), 1893. Add. 533. 

Tompkins County, N. Y., to Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 

FossU Fauna of the Upper Devonian, along the meridian 
of 76° 30' from. Williams (H. S.), 1884. 

GEOLOGY (Paubontologt : Flora). 

Types of Laramie Flora. Ward (L. F.), 1887. 

Vegetable Fossils of the Auriferous Drifts. Mueller, 1883. 

Portugal. Anonymous (Relatorio), 1868, p. 54. 

United States. Illustrations of Cretaceous and Tertiary Plants. 

United States. 1878, p. 347. 

Missouri, Flora of the outlying carboniferous basins of South 

Western. White (D.) 1893. 

Potomac or Younger Mesozoic Flora. Fontaine, 1889. 

Virginia Older Mesozoic Flora of. Fontaine, 1883. 

Yellowstone National Park, Fossil Forests of the Volcanic tertiary 
formations of the. Holmes (W. H.), 1879. 



GEBMS — GIBDEB8. 315 

GEOMETRY. See Mathematics. 

GERMS. See Bacteria. 

GILDING. New Processes in the Art of the Gilder. 

AcAD^MiE des Sciences, 1842. 

GIRDERS. Phipps, 1881. 

Bowstring girders without vertical members. 

Engbsswr (F.), 1880. 
Construction. Bakeb (W!. L.), 1892. 

Continuous girders. Arched ribs and tension circles. 

Guthrie (F.), 1878. 
Continuous web girders and Braced Girders. 

Unwin (W. C), 1868. 

Effect of impact on Girders. Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1866, p. 403. 

Iron beams or girders. Fielder's patent for improvements in con- 
struction. Baker and Son. 

Iron girders, Design of, with open webs. Kernot, 1883. 

Wrought Iron Girders, effect of impact, vibratory action, and 

long continued changes of load. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1864, p. 401. 

Fielder's patent, for improvements in construction. 

Baker and Son. 
■ Wrought Iron and Steel Girders, graphic table for facilitating 

the computation of the Weights of. 

Buck (J. H. W.), 1883 

■ Improvements in constructing wrought iron Girders. 

Arrol, 1877. 

New method of graphic statics applied in construction. 

Olakder, 1880. 

Principles of Mechanics applied to Wrought iron girder work. 

Latham (J. H.), 1858. 

r Weights up to 200 feet span. Baker (Sir B.), 1875. 

Jointed Bow Girders. General Theory. Werner (E. A.), 1888. 

Lattice and Plate Girders. Their relative deflection. 

Stoney (B. B.), 1863. 
Mechanics of the Girder. Crehore, 1886. 

Strains in Biveted Girders. Simple and practical method of 
obtaining, by diagrams. Timmins (T.), 1882. 

Strains in Girders. Stonet (B. B.), 1866-69, 1873, 1886. 

Stresses in Girder and Roof Trusses for both dead and live loads 
by simple multiplication, etc. 

Johnson (F. R), 1894. Add. 512. 

■ Examples of the calculation of stress in, by graphic and 

algebraic methods. Unwin (W. C), 1869, p. 360. 

Theory and Calculation of Girders. Engesser, 1880. 

See also Beams. 



316 GLACIERS — GOLD. 

GLACIERS. 

Glaciers of the Alps. Origin and phenomena of glaciers and the 
physical principles to which they are related. 

Tyndall (J.), 1860, p. 334. 

Studies on Glaciers. Agassiz, 1840. 

Theory. Forbes (J. D.), 1847-48, 1869. 

GLASS. 

Art of painting on glass or glass staining. Gessert, 1844 ; 

Le Vieil, 1780. 

Electrostatic capacity of Glass. Hopkinson, (J.), 1877, '80, '81. 

Furnaces for the manufacture of Glass on the open hearth. 

Head (J.), 1886. 

Glass and Silicates. Beyan (G. P.). Industries, vol. 7. 

Silicates, Silicides, glass and glass painting. Barff, 1872. 

Glass Tubes, Experiments relating to the action of, upon water 
and quicksilver. Jurin (J.), 1719. App. 563. 

Manufacture. Benrath, 1875 ; Pellatt (A.), 1821, '49. 

For optical purposes. Faradat (M.), 1830. 

Nature and physical history of Glass. Bratlet, 1845. 

Optical Glass prepared by Dr. Ritchie. Simms (W.), 1840. 

Principles. Powell (H. J.), 1883. 

Crown and sheet glass. Powell (H. J.), 1883. 

Plate Glass. Powell (H. J.), 1883. 

Refractive Indices of glass. Hopkinson (J.), 1877. 

Writing on Glass. A glaze to facilitate this. Terquem (A.), 1876. 

GLOBES. 

Armillary sphere. Slater (J. S.), 1890. 

Globes colestial and terrestrial. How to use. 

MoxoN (J.), 1670. App. 569. 

GLUE (Marine). Jeffery, 1843. French Commission at Toulon, 

1845. France, p. 439. 

GOLD. O'Brien, 1884 ; Streeter (E. W.), 1877. 

Chlorination process for gold-bearing sulphurets. Kustel, 1868. 

Thiess process of Barrel Chlorination. Egleston, 1890. 

Geology. Calvert, 1853. 

■ Chemical Geology of goldfields of California. 

Phillips (J. A.), 1868. 

England. Gold Supply. Cornish (T.), 1887. 

Hydraulic Gold-Miner's Manual. Kirkpatrick, 1890. 

Losses in Amalgamation. McDermott and Duffield, 1890. 

Metallurgy. Eissler, 1888 ; Percy (J.) 1880 ; 

Rose (T. K.), 1894. 



GOLD— <30LD MINES. 317 

GOLD — continued. 

Metallurgy. In the United States. Egleston, 1887, '90. 

Mining (Gold) Handbook. Louis, 1894. 

Nevada and California Processes of gold extraction. Kustel, 1868. 

Occurrence and extraction. Lock (A. G.), 1882. 

Pyrites, best means of treating, on goldfields. Victoria, 1 874, p. 376. 

Refining California gold by the Zinc method. 

M'CcLLOH (R. S.), 1852. 

Rocks, Grold-bearing, of the World, Geology of. Hopkins (E.), 1853. 

Treatment in the Arrastra. Egleston, 1887. 

Treatment of Fine Crold in the Sands of Snake River, Idaho. 

Egleston, 1890. 

GOLD MINES. 

Gold regions of the world. Calvert, 1853. 

Grold working. Beyah (G. P.). Industries, vol. 11. 

Grold-seeker's Manual. Ansted (D. T.), 1849. 

Vertical structure of the Primary Rocks and general character of 
their gold-bearing varieties. Hopkins (E.), 1856. 

Africa and America. Confirmation of laws and liberties to all 
the King^s subjects. Houghton, 1694. 

South Africa. Edwards (D.) and Co., 1890 ; Mathers, 

1887 ; Rbunert (T.), 1893. 

South and East Africa. Ingram (J. F.), 1889. 

Discoveries in the Division of Knysna, S. Africa. 

Bain (T.), 1886. 

S. Africa, Lydenburg goldfield. Map. Loveday, 1883. 

Australia. Fairfax, 1852. Discovery of gold. Earl, 1853. 

Prom 1860 to 1871. Clarke (Rev. W. B.). 

Deposits in Australia. Davison, 1860. 

Geology of Australian (xoldfields. Wathen (G. H.), 1855. 

Lectures for instruction of emigrants to Australia. 

Jukes, etc., 1852. 

South Australia, Gumeracha and Mount Crawford Goldfields. 

Geological Map. South Australia, 1887, p. 227. 

Ulooloo. Goldfield Report. South Australia, 1887, p. 227. 

Brazil. Minaes Geraes. Mountenet, 1825. 

California. Chemical geology of Goldfields of California. 

Phillips (J. A.), 1868. 

California, Russia, India, Brazil, etc. Davison, 1860. 

Chili. British Capital. Gana, 1889. 

Cleveland (Mount), Specimen Grold Reef near, and Corunna Grold 
Field. Cleveland, 1884. 

Great Britain and Ireland Gold Rocks. Calvert, 1853. 

Guiana, South America. Reports. Guiana, 1881. 



318 OOLD mKBS — GOLD MINING. 

GOLD WLNE^^continued. 

Guiana, South America. Plan of Gold Mines in French Guyana, 
1888. Guiana, 1888. 

India. Ball (V.), 1881. 

Examination of gold dust and gold from Shuy-Gween, 1853. 

India, p. 130. 

■ Southern India. Notes on some of the auriferous tracts of 

Mysore province. Attwood (1888), 

Japan. Yesso. Monroe, 1875. 

Montana Company. Report, 1886. Montana Co. 

New Zealand. Reports, 1869-75. New Zealand, p. 410. 

Supply of water, 1871. New Zealand, p. 410. 

Nova Scotia. Heathebington, 1871, 73. 

Report, 1863. Nova Scotia 

Otago. Construction of reservoirs. Report. Otago, 1868. 

Queensland. Mount Morgan Grold Mine, Rockhampton. 

Mount Mobgan, 1885. 
Queensland. Report, 1892. Queensland, 

Sierra Nevada, Auriferous Gravels of. Whitney (J. D.), 1880. 

Tasmania, Black Creek Gold Field. Black Cbbek, 1882. 

Den Gold Field. Mineral Resources and Permanency. 

Den Gold Field, 1882. 

Gold Fields Regulation Act, 1880, and the several Acts 

amending the same. Tasmania. 

Linda Groldfield. Auriferous and other Mineral Deposits. 

Report. Linda, 1886. 

Mineral resources and permanency of the Lefroy Gold 

Field. Lbpboy Gold Field, 1882. 

Transvaal. Auriferous Conglomerate. Collins (H. R.), 1888. 

Gold Fields. . Stuabt (J. M.), 1883, 

Venezuela. Gold Mining Prospects, and a guide to the Guayana 
Goldfields. Weabs (W. G.), 1888. 

Victoria. Hopkins (E.), 1853 ; Smyth (R. B.), 1869. 

Statistics, Acts, etc., 1859-64, 1884-91. 

Victobia, pp. 376, 377. 
Witwatersrand Gold Fields, South Africa. Description. 

Williams (T. D.), 1891. 
Wynaad and Carcoar Ghat (xold Mines. Smyth (R. B.), 1880. 

GOLD MINING. 

Mining and Metallurgy. Phillips (J. A.), 1867. 

Union Gold Mining Company of Virginia. Report. 

Union Gold Mining Co., 1835. 

Victoria. Removal of Sludge, 1859. Victobia, p. 376 

Witwatersrand Chamber of Mines. Reports, 1890, etc. 

Witwatebsband Chamber, 1892. 



QOLD OBBS — GOYEBNMENT. 319 

GOLD ORES. 

lieaching Gk>ld Ores oontaining Silver. Egleston, 1886. 

Origin and occurrence of Crold-beoring Gravels, Bocks, and Ores. 

Lock (C. G. W.), 1889. 

Roasting Gold Ores, Losses in, and the volatility of Gold. 

Christy (S. B.), 1889. 

Roasting and extraction of the Metal without Quicksih'er. 

KUSTEL, 1880. 

Treatment. O'Driscoll, 1889. 

United States. Leaching Gold and Silver Ores in the West. 

Egleston, 1883. 
GOLD AND SILVER. 

Amalgamation. Egleston, 1884. 

Doctrine of Grold and Silver Computations. 

Snelling (T.), 1766. App. 577. 

Crold and Silver Mining Company (Alice), Butte, Montana. Report 
on the Property. Matnabd, 1882. 

Parting Gold and Silver, by means of Iron, at Lautenthal. 

Egleston, 1885. 

In California. Egleston, 1882. 

In the United States Assay Office, Kew York City. 

Egleston, 1885. 

In the United States Mint at Philadelphia. Egleston, 1886. 

Pliny's Natiiral History of Gold and Silver. 

DuBAND (D.), 1729. App. 555. 
Scamander Silver and Gold Deposits. Report. 

Thureau (G.), 1886. 

United States. Treatment at the United States Mint. 

Egleston, 1886. 

Report of the Director of the Mint upon the production of 

the Precious Metals. United States, 1886, etc., p. 351. 

Worker's Guide. Bloedb, 1867. 

GOVERNMENT. 

Aid to Art, Science, and Literature. Donaldson (T. L.), 1838. 
Beneficent Government : an Essay on. 

YiSHNUBAWA Brahmachari, 1869. 
England, Constitution of. Le Plat and Delaire, 1875, 

India. Administration of the several Presidencies and Provinces 
of British India. India, p. 98^ 

Lord Dalhousie's Administration 1848-56. India, p. 99. 

Province of Government. Pletdbll Bouverik, 1884. 

Representative Gk)vernment. International Question. 

Marcoartu, 1874, '84. 

■ Spain. Marcoartu, 1886i 

Ua^ and Abuses. Cozwortht^ 1852. 



320 GOVEBNOB FOB STEAM ENGINES — GTBOSCOPE^ 

GOVERNORS FOR STEAM ENGINES. 

Buss Governor. DwBLSHAUVEBS-Dery, 1872. 

Centrifugal governors, graphical analysis. Hebbmann, 1886. 

Drum governor. DwELSHAUVEBB-Dery, 1872. 

Hydraulic Motion. Regulator or Governor. Pitcheb, 1852. 

Improved governor. Hick (B.), jun., 1841. 

Mohn governor. D welsh AUVEBS-Dery, 1890. 

New theory. Beeb and Dwelshauvers-Dery, 1877. 

"Watt's governor. Rafpabd, 1893. 

GRAIN. 

Improvements in appliances for facilitating the discharge of Grain 
and Bulk Cargo from Ships. Ltsteb (G. F.), 1880. 

Improvements in Portable Elevators for Grain and like Cargo. 

Lysteb (G. F. and A. G.), 1885. 

Pneumatic Grain Elevator and Conveyor. Duckham, 1894. 

GRANITE. 

Block of Granite from the Salcombe Fishing Grounds. 

Hunt (A. R.), 1876. 

Concretionary patches and fragments of other Rocks in Granite. 

Phillips (J. A.), 1880. 

Effects of contraction during the cooling of intrusive masses of 

Granite. Reade, 1894. 

Granites and Granite Industries. Habbis (G. F.), 1888. 

GRAVITATION. Aibt (Sir G. B.), 1838, p. 17. 

Determination of Gravity, with half-second Pendulums, on the 

Pacific Coast, at Alaska. Mendenhall, 1892. 

Effect of Gravity. De Penning, 1885. 

Gravitation considered as a Mechanic Power. 

Gumming (A.), 1802. App. 553. 
Natural phenomena referred to Newtonian laws. 

Seguinain^ 1861. 
Universal Gravitation. Whewell (W.), 1832 ; 

Pbatt (J. H.), 1836. 

GUANO BEDS in Peru. Duband-Claye, 1875. 

GUN CARRIAGES. See Abtillebt. 

GUNPOWDER. See Explosive Agents. 

GUTSPINNERS' ART. La BABBOQue (A. G.), 1822. App. 565. 
GUTTA PERCHA. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 9. 

GYROSCOPE, Phenomena of. Babnabd (J. G.), 1858. 

Spinning Tops. Pebbt (Prof. J.), 1890. 



HARBOURS. •^21 



H. 

HARBOURS. Anonymous, p. 42 ; Bbeckenridge, 1885 ; 

Prichard (W. B.), 1844. Add, 529. 
Accommodation Harbour. Bateman (J. F. La T.), 1871. 

Bar (Harbour). D'Auria (L.), 1889. Add. 495 ; Haupt (L. M.), 

1889 ; Prichard (W. B.), 1844. Add. 529. 

Constructing, Method of. Redfern, 1888. 

Design and Construction. Stevenson (T.), 1856, 1864, 1874, 1886. 
Equipment, modern. Sohemfil, 1882. 

Harbour building. Hagen (G.), 1863. 

Hjdrographical Engineering as applicable to Harbours, etc. 

Sleigh (Capt. R.), 1859. 
Marine Works, Construction of, with artificial blocks of large size. 

Stoney (B. B.), 1874. 
Military and Refuge Harbours. Coode (Sir J.), 1875. 

National Harbours. Calver, 1876. 

Natural and Artificial. Cheesewright, 1891. 

Physical features, history, construction, etc. 

Vbbnon-Harcourt (L. F.), 1885. 
Physical Phenomena of Harbour Entrances. Haupt (L. M.), 1887. 
Planning and construction of harbours in deep water. 

Bbemner, 1845. 

Refuge, Harbours of. Glover (F.R.A.), 1846, 1859 ; Lovelace, 

1849; Mather, 1858; Richardson (T.) and Jafirey, 1859. 

Bays of Refuge for vessels in Storms. Bain (D.), 1857. 

Formation of Harbours of Refuge. Calver, 1858 ; Tatler 

(Capt. J. N.), 1840 ; White (John), 1840. 

Proposal for a floating Harbour of Refuge. McCosH, 1882. 

Harbours of Refuge and Breakwaters in the Channel. 

Quarterly Returns of Engineers, 1850-74. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

Report of Select Committee, 1836. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

Report of Select Committee, 1857-58. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

Royal Commission. Evidence, 1858 ; Report, 1859. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 480. 

Remarks on Supplementary Report. 

Abernethy, 1859. 

Observations on certain portions of the Reports. 

Scott (M.), 1859, p. 176. 
vol. I. 2 T 



322 HARBOURS. 

IIARBOJJR^— continued. 

Refuge, Harbours of. Memorandum of the Board of Trade, 
1860, '62. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 40U. 

Correspondence between the Board of Trade and other 

departments of Government, 1864. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Report on Harbours of refuge, shipwrecks, etc. 

St. George's Harbour and Railway Co., 1836. 

Reports of the Board of Trade on the General Pier and Harbour 
Acts. Parliamentary. .Papery, p. 481. 

Report on Passive Obstructions for the defence of Harbours and 
Channels, 1866. Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 481. 

Transport : a review of . . . Harbours, etc. 

Periodical Publications, p. 25. 
Trusts (Harbour) Constitution. Schonberg (A. C), 1886. 

Aberdeen. Act for improvement. Aberdeen Harbour, 1810-29. 

Committee on Bill, 1828. Aberdeen Harbour. 

Reports by Smeaton, Rennie, and Telford, 1834. 

Aberdeen Harbour. 

Reports. Walker (James), 1838, p. 393. 

Extension of North Pier and improvement of the Harbour 

Entrance. Aberdeen Harbour, 1876. 

Committee on Bill, 1839. Aberdeen Harbour. 

Adelaide (Port). Best means of giving accommodation to large 
Ocean Steamers at or near it. 

South Australia, 1878, pp. 227, 228. 
Africa (South). Harbour Works. Report. East London, 1868. 

East London^ Port Elizabeth, and Kourie Harbour Works. 

Papers. East London, 1868. 

Aldborough Harbour of Refuge Bill. Aldborough, 1852. 

Aldemey. Sheringham (W. L.), 1872. 

Report of Select Committee. Aldebney, 1872. 

Algoa Bay. Improving the Port and Harbour. 

Algoa Bay, 1877-80. 
Altona. Deepening of the Elbe. Hubbe, 1851. 

American coast, removal of bars. Putnam (J. R.), 1841. 

Anstruther. Correspondence. Anstruther, 1871. 

Antwerp, its importance, etc. Royers (G. A.), 1879. 

A Description, etc. Royers (G. A.) and others, 1885. 

Appledore, Bideford and Barnstaple. Reports. 

Appledore Harbour, 1848. 
Ardrossan Harbour Act. Abdrossan, 1805. 

Arklow. Reports. Arklow, 1886. 

Improvement and the practicability of a navigation from 

thence. Chapman (W.), 1792, p. 242. 



HAKBOURS. 323 

H ARBO UB>S— continued, 

Athens. Topographv of the Harbours, and position of the Long 
WaUs of Athens. Ulricks (H. N.), 1847. 

Australia (South). Harbours and Jetties Engineer. Report. 

South Australia, 1878, p. 227. 

Outer Harbour Accommodation, Estimated Cost. 

South Australia, 1878, 1879, p. 227. 

Formation of. Letter of advice. 

South Australia, 1878, p. 227. 

Port Harbour Commission Report. 

South Australia, 1866, p. 227. 

Shipping Accommodation (Increased), Estimates for. 

South Australia, 1878, p. 228. 
Ballyshannon. Report of improvement of. 

Stevenson (R.) and Son, 1832. 

Batavia, Tandjong Priok. Batavia, 1876, 1888. 

Beitkul in Sedashigur Bay. Harbour, 1858. India, p. 110. 

Improved Harbour Works. Latham (G.), 1862. 

Belfast, history. Belfast, 1852. 

Harbour and Dock Accommodation. 

Bell (R. B.) and Miller, 1862. 

Improvement, plans for. Cubitt (Sir W.), 1835 ; 

Cubitt (Sir W.), 1835. Add. 494. 

Report on the improvement of. Walker (James) and 

Burges, 1830. Report. Hawkshaw, 1870. Plan. 
Woodhouse (T. J.), 1834; Woodhouse (T. J.), 1834. 

Add. 539. 

Belgium and France. Report to the Dutch Government. 

Belgium, 1864, p. 116. 

Belgium and other low sandy coast harbours. Means of 

improving. Vbrnon-Habcoubt (L. F.), 1881. 

Berwick-on-Tweed. Fishery Harbour at Green Haven. Report. 

Sandeman (J. W.), 1882. 

Bombay. Proposed road through the reclamations on the harbour 
side. AiTKEN (R.), 1866. 

Harbour and Dock trust, proposal for establishment of. 

AiTKEN (R.), 1867. 

Lighting up of the entrance. Barker (W. C), 1863 ; 

1866. India, 1886, p. 112. 

Deep Water Basins, 1872. India, p. 112. 

Deep Water Berthage for Ships and Steamers. 

Fraser (A.) and Ormiston, 1872. 

Bombay Harbour and Pilotage Board Reports, 1863-73, etc. 

India, p. 112. 

Survey, 1875. India, p. 111. 

Boston, Lines. Act for improving the harbour, -1812. Boston. 



324 HARBOUR'S. 

KARBOJJRS— continued, 

Boston, Lines. Reports of Engineers, 1800-1877. Boston. 

► Improvement of Boston Harbour and Outfall. 

Hawkshaw, 1864. 

Improvement of Port and Harbour. Huddart, 1800. 

Improvement of Boston Haven. 

Chapman (W.), 1800, p. 241 ; Rennie (Sir J.), 1822. 

Report on the Sea- Wall for the preservation of Ram Head. 

Thayer (Col. S.), 1844. 
Bremen. Formation of the new harbour. Franzius, 1888. 

Bridlington Harbour. Minutes of Evidence, 1837. Bridlington. 
Brindisi. Re-opening. Pigonati, 1781. 

Brisbane. Extension of Harbour accommodation. Brisbane, 1878. 
Bristol. Plan for improving the harbour. Bristol, 1802. 

Broadstairs. Act for repairing or removing the pier. 

Broadstairs, 1805. 

Calais Harbour Works. Calais, 1889. 

Inauguration, 1889. Calais. 

Calcutta, Proceedings relative to, 1^38. India, p. 114. 

Cape Colony. Inspection of Harbours by Sir John Coode. 

Cape Colony, p. 221. 

Cape Town. Report on the safety of the port of Table Bay. 

Cape Town, 1854. 

Eastern Harbour Works. Cape Town, 1867 

Cette. Bensaude (J.), 1885. 

Charleston, Engineer and Artillery Operations against the defences. 

GiLLMORE (Q. A.), 1868. 

Chester. Improvement of port and harbour. Chester, 1839. 

Chester Port and Harbour. Rennie (Sir J.), 1837. 

Chester Improvements. Russell (John S.), 1838. 

Chicago Harbour and Bar, Illinois. Graham (J. D.), 1857. 

Colombo Harbour Works, 1872-81. India, p. 117. 

Copenhagen. Plan for the development of. 

Copenhagen, 1878, '81. 

■ Cork harbour and river. Barry (P.), 1874. 

Means of improving the River and Harbour. Nimmo, 1815. 

Report on the River Lee. Benson, 1872. 

Reports on state and capabilities of the River and Harbour. 

Nimmo, Killally and Owen, 1845. 
Crail. Proposed Asylum Harbour. Leslie (J.), 1846. 

Dartmouth. Advantages as a port for the departure and arrival 
of mails. 

Dartmouth Harbour, 1864 ; Holdsworth (A. H.), 1841. 
Denmark. Harbours and Ferry System. Carey, 1893. 



HAasouRs. 325 

HARBOURS— -cow^iw ned. 

Diamond Harbour on the River Hooghly. Proposed docks. 

BoiLEAU (J. T.), 1839. 

Wet Docks, 1882. India, p. 118. 

Douglas Bay, Isle of Man. Proposed formation of a Low Water 

Asylum Harbour. Rennie (Sir J.), 1835. 

Dover. Proposed national harbour. Calver, 1875. 

Report from Select Committee on Harbours. Dover, 1836. 

Harbour of Refuge to be constructed. . Dover, 1846. 

Reports. Dover, 1845, 1848. 

Specifications. Dover, 1860. 

Admiralty Pier. Dover, 1866. Wasting of the shore to 

the eastward of the Pier. Dover, 1873. Damage by 

the storm of 1st Jan., 1877. Dover, 1878. 

7 New Harbour. Hoseason, 1874. 

History. Jones (J. B.), 1892. Add. 612. 

Employment of Convicts, 1883. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 473. 

Proposals for rendering the Jx)rts of Dover and Dublin 

commodious for large ships. Perry (Capt. J.), 1721. 

Proposed enclosure of Dover Bay. Redman (J. B.), 1875. 

Report. Smeaton (J.), 1769. 

Proposed plan for improving, by an extension of the south 

pier head. Worthington (B.), 1838. 

Drogheda. Report. Bald (W.), 1837. 

Improvement of Harbour and River. Nimmo, 1826. 

Dublin. Improvement and deepening of the Bay and Harbour 

of Dublin. Beaumont (F. W.), 1839. 

Letter. Dublin, 1814 

Report to Commissioners. Cubitt (Sir W.), 1835, 

Dunleary Asylum Harbour. Dublin, 1816. 

Howth, Harbour erecting at. Dublin, 1811. 

Letter to Directors General of Inland Navigation concerning 

Harbour of Dublin. Dublin, 1805, 

Practicability of making an artificial Harbour. 

Jessop, 1800. 

Report. Page (Sir T. H.), 1801. 

Observations on reports for its improvement. 

Rogers (T.), 1805. 

Report, etc. Walker (James), 1861, p. 393. 

Dundee Harbours. Reports, 1814, 1821, 1855. 

Dundee; Leslie (J.), 1843 

Arbitration. Carstairs, Mitchell and Co., 1863 

Improvement. Guild, 1814 

Improvement ana prospective extension, 1855. Leslie (J.), 



326 HARBOURS. 

HARBOURS— con^mwed. 

Dundee Harbours. Reports, etc., 1885. Leslie (J.). 

Improvement and Extension of the Harbour. 

OwER, 1855; OwER and Leslie, 1854. 

Report on its improvements. Stevenson (R.)> 1822. 

Report. Telford (T.), 1814, p. 287. 

Report on embanking the shore or bed of the River Tay. 

Walker (James), 1845, p. 339. 

Dunedin, N.Z. Correspondence relating to the reclamation of. 

DuNEDiN, 1878. Add. 497. 

Dunmore, Estimate and Act for improving. 

Ddnmore, 1814-18. 

Dynllaen (Port). Survey, 1837. Liverpool, p. 246. 

Port Dynllaen Harbour. Report. 

PoRTHDYNLLAEN Harbour, 1838. 

England. Harbour Accommodation in the West of England. 

Tnglis (J. C), 1885. 

British and Foreign Harbours. Rennie (Sir J.), 1854. 

Channel Refuge — Harbours and Naval stations. 

Brooks (W. A.), 1856. 

Harbour for the downs in England. Plan for it. 

Semplb (G.), 1776, 1780. 

Harbours of England. 

Turner (J. M. W.), and Ruskin, 1856. 

Harbours of Great Britain. Bartlett (W. H.), etc. 

South Eastern Coast. Portwine, 1849. Report of Com- 
missioners, 1840. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 
Plans for Improvement. Prichard (W. B.), 1844. 

Add. 529. 

Memorandum on proposals in the Provisional Orders in the 

Pier and Harbour Orders Confirmation Bills, 1888. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Plans of Harbours, Bays and Roads in St. George's and the 

Bristol Channels. Morris (W.), 1801. 

Report on Harbour Accommodation, 1883-84. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Return of Harbour Authorities, 1883. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Tidal Harbours Commission. Report, 1845-47. Opinions 

of Harbour Boards, etc., 1847. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 480. 

Falmouth. Reports. Price (H. H.), 1835. 

Cubitt (Sir W.), 1835, 

Famagusta, Cyprus, proposed improvements. Famagusta, 1880. 

Flushing. Projected International Communication in the north 
and east of Europe. Mulvany (W. T. and T. R.), 1873. 



HARBOURS. 327 

IlAB>BOJJRS— continued. 

Frankfurt Harbour Works. PuLS (O.), 1886. 

French Harbour Works. Watson (William), 1892. 

Galveston, Improvement of. Eads, 1884. 

Glasgow. Deas, 1876, '81. Plans. Dkas, 1876. 

Improvement. Bell (D.), 1837 ; Logan, 1835. 

Report on the Extension of. Ure (J. F.), 1854. 

Report to the Parliamentary Trustees for enlarging. 

Walker (James), 1841, p. 394. 

Granton. Report. Stevenson (R.) and Son, 1834. 

Grasbrook Harbour establishment. Haoen (G.), 1858 ; 

Hamburg, 1858. 
Greenock. Proposed Harbour. Greenock, 1868. Harbours. 

Methven, 1886. 
Greenway Breakwater, Small Harbour of Refuge. 

Thomas (E. C. G.), 1880. 

Greymouth, New Zealand. Protective Works. 

Greymouth, N.Z., 1872. 

Gris-Nez, Port. Creation of an arsenal and maritime port at. 

Cambrelin, 1889. 
Hartlepool (West) Harbour and Docks. Acts and Reports. 

Hartlepool, 1850. 
Report. Hartlepool, 1850. Add. 505. 

Harwich. Accounts, 1873-88. Harwich Harbour, 

State of the Landguard Point. Harwich Harbour, 1862. 

Holyhead. Act for the purchase of lands, 1847. Holyhead, 

Anchorage of the proposed harbour of refuge. 

Christie (J. H.), 1847, 

Chester and Holyhead Railway Company. Carriage of 

H.M, mails. Holyhead, 1847, 

Comparative merits of Holyhead and Port Dynllaen as a 

Harbour of Refuge for the Channel trade. 

Holyhead, 1844, '46, 

Construction of a Deep Water Pier and the removal of the 

Platters Rocks. Holyhead, 1890, 

Large blasts at Holyhead. Robertson (G.), 1859, 

Plan by Rendel, 1846, Holyhead, Approval of Rendel's 

plans, 1847. Holyhead, 

Report on Holyhead and Dynllaen Harbours Communica- 
tion with Ireland, 1844. Holyhead, 

Report of Commissioners. Hqlyhead, 1847, 

Report of Select Committee oix Ho. ynead i-Iarbour Bill. 

Holyhead, 1847, 

Report of Committee on Holyhead Roadacd Harbour, 1810, 

Holyhead. 
— - Reports of En^neer since 1863, Holyhead* 



328 n ARBOURS. 

H AR BOVB.^^— continued. 

Holyhead. Final Report of J. Hawkshaw, 1873. Holyhead. 

Select Committee to inquire into. Holyhkad, 1864. 

Survey, 1837. Liverpool, p. 246. 

Holyhead Refuge Harbour. Willdlm (C. W.), 1847. 

Howth Harbour. Ddkleary, 1809. 

Report. Howth, 1810. 

Indian Harbours. Report to the Government ot India. 

Robertson (G.), 1871-73. 

Ireland. Observations on Capt. Evans' report on the Harbours 
of Lame, Loch Ryan, Portpatrick, Donaghadee, and Belfast. 

Rennie (Sir J.), 1846. 
Isle of Man Harbours. Report. Walker (James), 1856. 

Italy. Italy, p. 146. 

(Leghorn, Genoa, Palermo), Rock Dredging Works. 

CiMiNO and Verdinois, 1893. 
Kakanui in the province of Otago. Johnston (T. M. H.), 1875. 

Karachi Harbour, tides, port dues, pilotage, fees, etc., 1892. 

India, p. 120. 
Harbour Works, 1855, 1866-67, '68, '69, '72, '73, '79, 91. 

India, p. 121 

Works. Price (W. H.), 1879. 

Improvements. Wells (H.), 1858. 

Reports. Parkes (W.), 1858, '64 ; Walker (James), 1835. 

1858, p. 396. 
Kattegat, Northern. Yachting and commercial harbour in. 

LiJDERO, 1878. 
Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Act for improvement of, 1812. 

Kidwelly. 

King's Lynn Port and Harbour. Wheeler (W. H.), 1882. 

Report on the outfall of the River Ouse. King's Lynn, 1882. 

Kowie Harbour. Reports on improvement. 

KowiE Harbour, 1863, '68. 
Kustendjie Harbour Company. Report. 

Danube and Black Sea, 1860. 

Leith, present state. Anderson, J., 1836. 

Plan of Leith Harbour and Docks. Leith, 1884. 

Plans and Reports for the improvement of. 

Walker (James) and Cubitt, 1839. 

Wet docks, proposed. Robertson (G.), 1864. 

Lisbon. Projected harbour works. Bensaude (J.), 1887. 

Liverpool. Survey, 1837. Liverpool, p. 246. 

Liverpool and Birkenhead. Havestadt (C), 1886. 

Lynn. Proposals for amending the harbour of Lynn. 

Armstrong (J.), 1724. 
ijyttelton, New Zealand Harbour works. Canterbury, N.Z. 



HARBOURS. ' 329 

TELARBOJJB.S— continued. 

Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania. Report on Entrance, 1890. 

Macquarie Harbour. 
Madras, 1873, '85. India, p. 123 ; Molesworth, 1882. 

Harbour and Ports of the Northern Circars, 1855. 

India, p. 123. 

Present state and prospects of the Works. 

Parkes (W.), 1879. 

Malabar Coast, Harbours of refuge on, on the mud-banks of 

Narrakal and Allippey. Robertson (G.), 1873. 

Mandavee in Kutch. Albert Edward Breakwater. 

Ormiston, 1876. 

Mannheim Harbour establishment. Mannheim, 1886. 

Margate. Report. Ramsgatb, 1850. 

Maryport. Bill to amend Acts, 1833. Maryport. 

Proposed Harbour of Refuge. Page (T.), 1865. 

Massachusetts. Report of Board of Harbour Commissioners, 
1868. Massachusetts. 

Massachusetts. Reports of the Harbour and Lands Commissioners, 
etc. Massachusetts, 1881. 

Mediterranean Sea. French Harbours. Hagen (G.), 1858. 

Melbourne, improvement of. Coode (Sir J.), 1879. 

Mersey Docks and Harbour. Birckel, 1865. 

Mexico (Gulf of) Deep Harbour. Lefcter. 

Mexico (Gulf of), 1889. Add. 520. 

Milford, Province of Canterbury, formation of a proposed 
harbour. Johnston (T. M. H.), 1877. 

Montreal. Scheme of Improvements. Bell (R. B.), Newton 
and Fleming, 1877 ; Childb, 1857 ; Montreal, 1873-77 ; 

Trautwine (J. C), 1859. 
Reports, 1863, 1875. Montreal. 

Mossel Bay, Cape Colony. Harbour Improvements. 

MossEL Bay, 1876-^0. 
Mount's Bay. Prospectus of new Harbour. Mount's Bay, 1810. 

Report on the practicability of forming a harbour at the 

mouth of Loe Pool, Cornwall. Rendel (J. M.), 1837. 

Napier, New Zealand. Report. Napier, N.Z., 1875. 

" Narrows^' (The). Necessity and utility for harbours of refuge in. 

Martin (K;. B.), 1839. 

Natal (Port). Coodb (Sir J.), 1877. 

Harbour Board Surveys of the Bar at Port Natal, 1843-94. 

Natal. Add. 522. 

Reports. Natal, 1888, etc. 

Harbour works. Report. Natal, 1889. 

New York. Destruction of Flood Rock by explosion. 

Abbot (H. L.), 1886. 
VOL. I. 2 u 



330 HABBOUBS. 

HARBOURS— coniiwtted 

New York. Observations on the deposit of silt, 1854-57. 

Haswell. 

Delaware Breakwater. Haupt (L. M.), 1886. 

Haupt's system of Floating Deflectors. 

Haupt (L. M.), 1886. 

Plan for defending the Harbour, 1862. New Yobk City. 

Report on the Improvement of Harbours in the vicinity of 

New York City, etc., 1886, p. 356. 
New Zealand beaches, Drift material of, and their efTect on 
Harbour works and Rivers. Bell (C. N.), 1892. 

Newcastle Harbour, New South Wales. Improvements, 1888. 

Newcastle, N.S.W. 

Newhaven. Modern history. Banisteb (F. D.), 1879. 

Harbour and piers. Newhaven. 

Harbour of Refuge. Robebts (Capt. Julius), 1866. 

Sketches for its improvement. Fobtune, 1825, 

Report. Walkeb (James), 1846, p. 393. 

Newport. Smyth (W. S.), 1893. 

Norway. Nobway, 1877-80. 

Ontario (Lake). Annual Report upon the Improvement of 
Harbours on. Kingman (D. C), 1893. Add. 514. 

Spur Crib placed off Oswego outer Harbour, Lake Ontario, 

New York. Judson, 1889. 

Ostia. Rennie (Sir J.), 1845. 

Pendeen, Cornwall, proposed Harbour and Breakwater. 

Johnston (T. M. H.), 1854. 

Perth. Extension. Stevenson (R.) and Son, 1834, 

Peterhead harbour works. Reports. Petebhead Habboub, 1888 ; 

Stevenson (D.), 1847 ; Stevenson (T.), 1883, 

Plymouth Sound. Proposal for a Coal Depot and Harbour. 

Habbis (T.), 1857. 
Port Alfred, Cape Colony. Harbour Works. Pobt Alfbed, 1876. 

Port Elizabeth, East London, and Port Alfred, S. Africa. 

PoBT Elizabeth, 1870. 
PortcuUin Cove Harbour, estimate of expense. 

PoBTCULLiN Cove, 1814. 
Portland. Harbour of Refuge. Pobtland, 1847. 

Portsmouth. Proposed Steam-packet harbour. 

Rendel (J. M.), 1840, p. 100. 
Pulteney-town, Wick, Caithness. Bbemneb, 1844. 

Quebec. Pilkington (W.), 1879-81. 

Harbour Commissioners' Reports. Quebec, 1887. 

Queensland. Mackay, Townsville. Coode (Sir J.), 1887. 
Port Curtis. Pobt Cubtis, 1875. 



HARBOURS. 331 

B.AB.BOJJRS— continued. 

Queensland. Report. Queensland, 1865, 1877, 1882-83, 1886, 
p. 71. Sailing Directions, 1894. Queensland, p. 71. 

Hamgate Pier and Harbour. Ramsgate, 1815. 

Reports. Ramsgate, 1850, 1853. 

Acts for maintenance and improvement. 

Ramsgate, 1792, 1797, 1815. Bye Laws for regulation. 

Ramsgate, 1840. 

Report. Smeaton (J.), 1791, p. 208. 

Redcar. Asylum Harbour and Naval station. 

Brooks (W. A.), 1832, 1834. 
Rye Harbour Bill to amend several Acts, 1833. 

Rte Harbour. 

Rother Levels Bill. Improvement and drainage of Rye 

Harbour. Rother (River), 1791. 

• Harbours of Rye and Dover. Report on Petitions, 1757. 

Rye Harbour. 

— General plan of the Bay and of the Old and New Rye 
Harbours. Rye Harbour, 1763. Add. 532. 

Saint Helier, Jersey, Report on, and documents. 

Saint Helier, 1838. 

Specifications for New Pier. St. Helier, 1841. 

Victoria Harbour. Enlargement. Bonnin (R.), 1863. 

St. John's, Newfoundland. Harbour Report. 

Robinson (G.), 1883. 

St. Nazaire, Bremerhaven, Oakland and St. Petersburg Harbours. 
Dredging operations at. Timonopp (V. E.), 1892. 

St. Peter-port, Guernsey. Proposed new harbour. 

Johnston (T. M. H.), 1850. 

San Francisco, California. Working of the Marine Worms and 
the remedies applied. Blackbourn, 1874. 

Report on the removal of Blossom Rock in. 

Williamson (R. S.) and Heuer, 1871. 

Sandwich. Rennib (G.), 1837. Central Kentish Railway and 
Sandwich Harbour Company. Prospectus. 

Central Kentish Ry., 1836. 

Cleansing of the Haven of Sandwich. Ramsgate, 1792. 

Proposed Harbour. Sandwich, 1744. 

Report to the Directors of the Sandwich Harbour Company. 

Rennie (G. and J.), 1837. 

Sarclet in the parish of Wick. Machinery employed in the 

rebuilding of the harbour. Bremner, 1836. 

Scarborough. Chapman (W.), 1800-30, p. 243. 

Scheveningen. Conrad (F. W.), Storm Buijsing and Beijerinck, 
1858. Scheveningen, 1858, '61, '66 ; Siccama (H. T. H.), 

1874. 



332 HABBOUBS. 

HARBOURS-— con<iwtte(i. 

Scillj Islands. Report on the obstacles, etc., attending the forma- 
tion of a Roadstead within the Islands. Soillt Islands, 1810. 

Scotland, East Coast, the most suitable place for a harbour of 
refuge. Report. Scotland, 1884, p. 174. 

Scottish Harbours. Scotland Roads and Bridges, 1806-21. 

Seaham. Explanation of the plan of the Harbour. 

Chapman (W.), 1830, 1831, p. 241. Projected extension. 

Chapman (W.), 1832, p. 243. 
Shoreham. Chapman (W.), 1821, p. 243 ; 

Chapman (W.), 1822, p. 241. 

Shingle bar at the mouth. Pbitchabd, 1843. 

New Shoreham. Chapman (W.), 1815, p. 242 ; 

Chapman (W.), 1823, p. 241. 

Sailing directions for. Clegbam (W .), 1823. 

Harbour near New Shoreham and making a new entrance 

into the dangerous port near Kingston-on-Sea. Compara- 
tive statements of the specific differences between. 

Vazib (R.), 1816. 

Sierra Leone. Improvements. Pbice (J. M.), 1871. 

Sound harbour between Sweden and Denmark. 

Havestadt (C), 1880. 
Southwold. Proposal for its improvement. Calveb, 1856. 

Expediency of improving the harbour by means of the River 

Blyth. Clissold, 1840. 

Report. Ellis (F. W.), 1839. 

Report on the state of the harbour, bar, and river. 

Walkbb (James), 1841, p. 394. 

Sunderland. Pickebnell, 1798. 

Engineer's Report. Lower Harbour Improvements. 

Sundebland Harbour, 1858. Add. 535. 

Pier, Plan for rebuilding it, etc. Smeaton (J.), 1780, p. 208 

Progressive Improvement. Mubbay (John), 1849. 

River Wear Act, 1819. Weab (River), 1819. 

Report. Rennie (Sir J.), 1831. 

Swansea. Acts 1804 and 1854. Swansea Harbour. 

Report on the site for docks and works now in progress in. 

Bbunel (I. K.), 1846. Add. 488. 

Plan of the harbour. Cappeb (R.), 1879. 

Report on improvement of the harbour. Huddabt, 1804. 

Sydney Circular Quay, Report on Improvements to, 1 888. 

Sydney, p. 272. 
— Report relating to the proposed Dredge and Plant. 

Sydney, 1890, p. 272. 
Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. Harbour of Refuge. 

Coode (Sir J.), 1859. 



HABBOURS. 333 

B.AB.BOJJJiS— continued. 

Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope. Despatch from and Correspond 
denoe with the Secretary of State on the Construction. 

Table Bay, 1857, 1859. 

Report for improving, 1879. Table Bay. 

Works projected by Mr. Coode. Report. Table Bay, 1860. 

Works. Statement of Expenditure incurred in their 

construction. Table Bay, 1864. 

Table Bay, Mossel Bay, and Algoa Bay Harbour Boards. 

Revenue and Expenditure, etc. Table Bay, 1881. 

Table Bay, Mossel Bay, Knysna, Plettenberg Bay, Port 

Elizabeth, Port Alfred, and East London. 

Coode (Sir J.), 1877. 

Tasmania Circular Head (Stanley), Report on. Tasmania, 1890. 

Tees Bay and Hartlepool Harbour. Rendel (Sir A. M.), 1883. 

Timaru Harbour Works, New Zealand. 

Johnston (T. M. H.), 1877. 

Report on Improvements. Wilson (R.) and Bell, 1891. 

Toronto. Memorandum with plans and documents relating to the 
past and present state of. Toronto, 1881. 

Report. Eads, 1882. 

Townsville, Queensland Harbour improvements. Report. 

TOWNSVILLB, 1885. 

Trieste, projected. Tbieste, 1862. Report, 1863. Pasetti, 1863. 

Address to Harbour Commission. Hartley (Sir C. A.), 1863 ; 

RziHA, 1874. 

Customs warehouses, Trieste. Buzzi (L.), 1892. 

Proposed canal to join Trieste and Muggia. 

Buzzi (L.), [1870]. 

New harbour, 1883. K9stlin, 1884. 

Trinity Bay, on the south shore of the Firth of Forth, formation 
of harbour and dock. Grainger and Miller, 1834. 

Tyne as a Strategic and Refuge Harbour. 

Plummeb (B.), jun., 1875. Add. 52& 

Tynemouth. State of the harbour. Dodd, 1796. 

United States. Improvement of the harbours of Lake Michigan, 
St. Clair, Erie, Ontario, and Champlain. 

Graham (J. D.), 1859. 

Ogdensburg, on the St. Lawrence, on Lake Champlain, of 

Grass and Tricanderoga Rivers and of Otter Creek. 

OODENSBURO, 1885. 

Powers and Duties of the Board of Harbour and Land 

Commissioners, United States, 1890, p. 349. 

Reorganisation of National Public Works so far as they 

relate to the improvement of Harbours and Rivers. 

United States, 1888, p. 349. 



334 HARBOURS — HEALTH. 

TELARBOJJRB— continued. 

United States. River and Harbour Bills of the U.S. Congress. 

Hersohel (C), 1885. 

System of Submarine Mines for defence of harbours. 

Abbot (H. L.), 1881. 
Valencia Harbour as a Western Packet Station. Reports. 

Walker (James), 1858. 
Vardo Harbour. Sections of Breakwaters. Vardo, 1894. 

Venezuela. La Guaira Harbour Works. Carey, 1893. 

Verawal Harbour Works, 1869. Inddl, p. 133. 

Victoria Harbour Improvements and a River and Harbour 

Trust. Reports, etc. Victordl, 1860, p. 375. 

Whitby Harbour Improvement. Report. Sandeman (J. W.), 1880. 
Whitehaven. Wet dock. Coode (Sir J.), 1866. 
Dock accommodation. Rendel (Sir A. M.), 1863. 

Plans for improvement of. Whitehaven, 1836. 

Wick Harbour Improvement. Report. Sandeman (J. W.), 1881. 

Correspondence. Wick Harbour, 1874. 

Wynyard, Tasmania. Report on proposed new Harbour. 

Wynyard, Tasmania, 1890. 
Yarmouth Harbour and Roads as a Harbour of Refuge. 

Walker (James), 1858, p. 395. 

Port and Haven. Report on the Extension of the North Pier 

and Improvements of the Haven. Teasdel (W.), 1867. 

Yarmouth. Report on the practicability of making Brayden 
navigable for vessels drawing 10 feet of water. 

Walker (James), 1826. 
See also Ports* 

HARMONY of sound and form. Cole (P.), 1865. 

HEALTH (Public). Buck (A. H.), 1879 ; Chadwick (Sir E.), 1868, 
1877, 1878, p. 235 ; Chapelle, 1850 ; Parent-Duchatelet, 
1836 ; Parkes (E. A.), 1876. Practical Hygiene. Parkes 
(E. A.), 1864, '83 ; Periodical Publications, p. 22 ; 

Rawlinson (Sir R.), 1870 ; Wilde (E.), 1885. 
Acclimatisation and Tropical Hygiene. Schellong (O.), 1894. 

Acts, etc. Bill for improving the Health of Towns, 1847. Act for 
promoting Public Health, 1848, '49. 

Parlloientart. .Papers, p. 497. 

Public Health Act, 1848. Notes and Queries. Gant, 1855. 

Act for promoting the Public Health. Lawes (E.), 1849. 

Administration of the Public Health Act from 1848 to 1854. 

Burnell; Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 497. 

New Public Health Bill. Burnell, 1855. 

Public Health BUI and Nuisances BUI, 1855. 

Smith (Joshua Toulmin), 1855. 



HEALTH. 335 

HEALTH (YvBLic)-— continued. 

Acts, etc. Beasons against the Public Health Bill, 1855. 

Parliamentabt. .Papers, p. 497. 

Beports of the Medical Officer of the Privy Council, 1858-70, 

1873-78. Parliamentary, .Papers, p. 498. 

Act for consolidating and amending the Acts relating to 

Public Health in England, 1875. Beport of Select 
Committee on, 1878. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 498. 

Local Government Act, 1875. Fitzgerald (J. V. V.), 1886. 

Bill to amend the Public Health Act in relation to Buildings 

in Streets, 1888. Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 498. 

Instructions for the use of Local Boards of Health, 1855. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 498. 

Health (Public) Act, 1875. Suggestions as to preparation of 

district maps and plans. Bawlinson (Sir B.), 1878. 

Beports of Health of Towns Commission, 1844-45. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 497. 

Appliances, Health and its. Nicoll, 1885. 

Armies in the Field, Hygiene of. Bawlinson (Sir B.), 1883. 

Building in relation to Health. Buzzi, 1879. 

Culture (Health). Jaeger (G.), 1887. 

Dangers to Health. A guide to Domestic Sanitary Defects. 

Teale (T. p.), 1883. 
Demography, Public Health and, Handbook. 

WiLLOUGHBY (E. F.), 1893. 

Dictionary. Blyth (A. W.), 1876 ; Tardieu (A.), 1852-54. 

Engineers, present and future work of, in reference to. 

Donaldson (W.), 1878. 

Handbook, Hygiene. Weyl (T.), 1893, etc. 

History and development of the Public Health service in civilized 

States. FiNKELNBURG (C), 1893. 

Hygiene of Dwellings. 

Bibtsohbl, 1894. Add. 530 ; Buzzi (L.), 1879. 

International Congresses on Hygiene and Demography. Paris, 
1878 ; Vienna, 1887 ; London, 1891. International Congress. 

Laws relating to Public Health. Baker (T.), 1865 ; Chambers 
(G. F.), 1875; Corpield, 1880; Smith (William B. and 

H.), 1883. 
Manual, 1847. Metropolitan Working Class Assoc. 

Nations, Health of. A review of the works of Edwin Chadwick. 

BiCHARDSON (Sir B. W.), 1887. 

Naval Hygiene. 

Le Boy de M^icourt, 1876; Macdonald(J. D.), 1881. 

Nuisances Bemoval, and Diseases Prevention Amendment Acts, 
and the Common Lodging-house Acts. 

Anonymous, 1855. Add. 481. 



336 HEALTH. 

HEALTH (PvBLio)— continued. 

Sanitary practice and law. Guide. Willouohby (E. F.), 1893. 
Zeitschrift fur Hygiene. Periodical Publications, p. 26. 

Baltimore. Health Department. Baltimore, 1884-87. 

Belgium. Dangerous trades. Belgium, 1873, p. 117. 

Berlin. Berlin, 1886 ; Boerner, 1882. 

Brighton. Health Congress, 1881. Brighton. 

Brunswick. Blasius (B,.), 1885. 

Dukinfield and Denton Local Boards of Health Bill. 

DUKINFIELD, 1869. 

London. Act to consolidate and amend the Laws, 1891. 

London, p. 264, Macmorran. 

Report of the Medical Officer of Health, 1 849. London, p. 264. 

Metropolitan Sanitary Commission. Reports, 1847-48. 

London, p. 264. 

Massachusetts. Reports of the Board of Health, 1870, etc. 
Manual, 1886, '90. MAsaACHUSETTS. 

New York State. Report and Bulletin of State Board of Health, 
1881, etc. New York State. 

Local Boards of Health, 1890. New York State. 

Act for the preservation of the Public Health, 1888. 

New York State. 

Oswego, N. Y. Rules and Regulations of Board of Health, 1889. 

Oswego, N. Y. 

Paris. Report. MARi^i-DAVY, 1880. 

Rio de Janeiro. ' Galvao, 1858. 

United States. Annual Report of the National Board of Health. 

United States, 1882-3. p. 355. 

Winchester, Health of the Prisoners of War in the King's House 
at. Winchester, Hants, 1803. 

Wisconsin. State Board of Health. Tenth, etc., Annual Report, 
1886-90. Wisconsin, State of. 

HEALTH (General Board op). 

Exercise of its extraordinary powers. Hawksley, 1853. 

Letter to Chairman. Applegarth, 1853, 

Minute on the proposed Surveys, 1850. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 497. 
Money received and payments, 1851-52. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 497. 

Reports. Rawlinson (Sir R.). 

Reports of Surveying office, 1849-52. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 497. 



HEALTH OF TOWNS — HEAT. 337 

HEALTH OF TOWNS. 

Health and Sewage of Towns Conferences, 1876, 79. 

Society for the Encouragement of Arts, 1876. 

Works, progress of. Anontmous, 1856, p. 45. 

HEAT. Chamorro, 1870 ; Garnbtt (W.), 1887 ; Peclet, 1828, 1843, 

78 ; Stewart (Balfour), 1863. 

Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gaseous and Liquid 

Matter. Tyndall (J.), 1863, p. 335. 

Analytical theory of Heat. Fourier, 1878; Lam^, 1861. 

Application of heated currents to manufacturing and other 
purposes. Whishaw, 1848. 

Caloresoence. Tyndall (J.), 1865, p. 335. 

Caloric. Pugh (S.), 1826. 

Coal, relation to. Binnie ^A. B.), 188& 

Cold, mechanical production of heat and. Montgrand, 1886« 

Colour, Influence of, and mechanical condition on Radiant Heat. 

Tyndall (J.), 1866, p. 335. 
Conduction, relative powers of metals and alloys to conduct heat. 

Crace-Calvbrt and Johnson, 1858. 

Conversion of Heat into useful work. Anderson (W.), 1885, 

1887, 1889 ; Binnie (A. R.), 1888. 
Distribution of Heat over the surface of the Globe. Dove, 1853. 
Effects of Heat on the bending qualities of Jron Plates. 

Barnaby (J. F.), 1882. 
Elements. Guthrie (F.), 1868. 

Energy, Thermal storage of. Halpin (D.), 1893. 

Entropy Temperature, Diagram. Mollier, 1893. 

Exchange of Heat between Metal and Steam. 

Dwelshauvers-Dery, 1888. 
Expansion by Heat of Water and Mercury. Matthiessen, 1865. 
Expansion of Structures by Heat. Keily, 1887. 

Fuel, economy of, and management of Heat. 

Buchanan (K.), 1815. 
Fumific Impeller. (Direct application of hot products of com- 
bustion to the bodies on which they are required to act 
without the intervention of Machinery). 

Gordon (Alex.), 1845. 
Geometrical representation of the expansive action of heat. 

Rankinb (W. J. M.), 1854. 

Handbook. Lardnbb, 1877. 

Iron and Heat. Armour, 1874. 

Latent heat of steam and Absolute Zero. 

Donaldson (W.), 1894. Add. 497. 
Mahler's Calorimeter. Golaz, 1892. 

VOL. I. 2 X 



338 HEAT. 

HEAT— continued. 

Mathematical Theory. Poisson, 1835, 1837. 

Measurement, Heat. Ure (A.), 1839. 

theory of, and its application to industry. 

ScHiNZ (C), 1858. 

Mechanical action of Heat. Rakkine (W. J. M.), 1850. 

Mechanical applications, 1884. Institution of Civ. Eng. 

Mechanical equivalent of Heat. Cowper and Anderson, 1887 ; 

Hanssen (C. J.), 1888 ; Rowland (H. A.), 1880. 

Rumford's Determination. Thurston (R. H.), 1874, p. 310. 

Mechanical theory of. Clausius, 1867, 1876, 1879 ; Dupre, 

1869; HiRN (G. A.), 1862, '68, 75; McCulloch, 1876; 

MuRGUE, 1888 ; Picjtet, 1876 ; Rankine (W. J. M.), 1850 ; 

RuHLMANN, 1876-85; Wassmuth, 1882; Wolpp (A. R.), 

1880. 
Molecular Physics, Contributions to. Tyndall (J.), 1864, p. 335. 

Contributions of molecular Physics in the domain of Radiant 

Heat. Tyndall (J,), 1872, p. 334. 
Molecular Vortices, hypothesis of, applied to the Mechanical 

theory of heat. Rankine (W. J. M,), 1850. 

Motive Force, Heat as a. Bourne (J.), 1878 ; Devillez, 1881-2 ; 

Tyndall (J.), 1863, '67, 75, '80, '87, p. 334. 

Nature of Heat. Colburn, 1863 ; Leslie (Sir John), 1804. 
Power. Heat as a source of power. Trowbridge (W. P.), 1874. 
Production and utilization of Heat. Ser (L.), 1888. 

Radiant Heat, Free transmission of, by different solid and liquid 
bodies. Melloni, 1833. 

Immediate transmission. Melloni, 1833. 

and conducted heat. Hood, 1837, '44, '55, 69, '79. 

Radiation. Tyndall (J.), 1865, p. 335. 

Specific Heat of Atmospheric Air and Steam. 

Rankine (W. J. M.), 1850. 
Sum of heat utilised in smelting Cleveland Ironstone. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 120. 

Sun heat. Terrestrial radiation, etc. Cunningham Memoirs, 

vol. 3. Royal Irish Academy, 1880-88. 

Total heat of Steam. Antoine (C), 1892. 

Theory of Heat, application to the Steam Engine. Anderson (W.), 

1886; Madamet, 1889. 
Theory. Kelland, 1837; Maxwell, 1871 ; Preston (T.), 1894, 

RiTTER (A.), 1879; Weber (Wilhehn), 1892-94. 
Thermal Conductivity and Thermo-Dynamics. Forbes (G.), 1879. 
Thermodynamics of Steam-Engine and Heat-Engines. 

Peabody (C. H.), 1889. 
Thermodynamics, Technical. Zeuner (G.), 1887-90. 

Useful arts, Heat applied to the. Box, 1860, 1880. 



HEAT — HISTORY^ S39 

HEAT — continued, ' 

Utilization of Heat and otlier natural forces. 

Siemens (Sir W.), 1878, p. 198. 

Waste of heat in smelting Ores of Iron. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1894, 

p. 121. Some Wastes of Heat. Mbtcalf, 1881. 

Water, heat developed by, when agitated. Hennie (G.), 1857. 

Water. Heat in its relations to Water and Steam. 

Williams (C. W.), 1860, '61. 

HEAT ENGINES. Rbdtbnbachbr, 1857. 

Action of Heat Engines, explained by the Molecular theory. 

Hele-Shaw, 1890. 

Application of Heat to hot-air engines, compressed air engines, 
and steam-engines. Courtin, 1878. 

Caloric Engine. Ericsson (J.), 1833. 

Handbook. Anderson (W.), 1887, 1889. 

Heat Engines other than Steam Engines. Hubert, 1892. 

Lectures on Heat Engines other than Steam. 

Harris (H. G.) 1889. 
Motive power of Heat, and on Machines fitted to develop that 
power. Carnot, 1878, 1890. 

Theory and Construction of a Rational Heat Motor. 

Diesel (R.), 1894. Add. 497. 
HEMP. 

Culture. Campbell (F.), 1845 ; Wissett (R.), 1808. 

India, Cultivation. India, p. 102. 

HERALDRY. Display of Heraldry. Newton (W.), 1846. 

HIGHWAYS. 

Highway Acts, 1862-78. Glen (A.), 1879. 

Highway construction, treatise, Byrne (A. T.), 1892. 

Pratt's Law of Highways. Kynnerslet, 1853 ; 

Pratt (J. T.), 1837, 1881. 
Surveyors of Highways, Powers and duties of. Glen (A.), 1880. 
See also Roads and Streets. 

HILLS AND VALLEYS. Measurements of the Altitude of, in 
Kent. Bland, 1870. 

HISTORY. 

Brazil. Revolt of 1893. Message addressed to the National 
Congress on. Peixoto (F.). Add. 527. 

Correspondence on the surrender of Insurgent Refugees on 

board Portuguese corvettes. Brazil, 1894. Add. 487. 

Britain. Camp of Aulus Plautius. Airt (Sir G. B.), 1866, p. 19. 

Invasion of Aulus Plautius. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1860, p. 19. 

Invasion by Julius Caesar. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1863, p. 20. 

Invasions by the Romans. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1865, p. 16. 



340 HISTOEY — HOISTS AND LIFTS. 

HISTORY— <jon/tnued. 

Britain. Landing of Julius Caesar. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1851, 1852, 

pp. 17, 18. 

Replies to Astronomer Royal and Camden Professor. 

Lewin (T.), 1862. Add. 515. 

ChUian Revolution. Manby (E.), 1891 ; Montt, 1891. 

Congo Treaty. Tomlinson (Thomas), 1884. 

Eastern question. PiM (B.), 1877. 

Letters to the press on the Eastern Question. 

Waghorn (T.), 1840. 

England, History of. Answer to Mr. Freeman. 

Pearson (C. H.), 1868. 

England in Egypt. Milner, 1894. 

English. Chronological, historical and heraldic charts of the 
Royal House of England from King Egbert to the present 
time. TiMMis (I. A.), 1890. 

■ Examination of Christopher Layer and others on charge of 

Conspiracy, 1722. Layer, 1803. 

France. Monarchy, its rise and fall. Tooke (W.), 1855. 

Greek. Fasti Hellenici. Clinton, 1824. 

Hastings, Battle of. Airy (Sir G. B), 1852, p. 17 ; 1865, p. 16. 
Holland. Ancient condition and History. Stratingh, 1847-52. 
Indian Official Thesaurus, introductory to Annals of Indian 
Administration. Townsend (M.), 1858. 

India. Report on causes of war in the Carnatic. 

India, 1806. Add. 509. 

Taylor's Manual and the Edinburgh Review. 

Jacob (Sir G. L.), 1877. 

Sind 710 to 1590. 

India, 1855, p. 131 ; Mahomed Masoom, 1855. 

Italy. Ancient Peoples. Micali, 1844. 

Social Sciences as aids in teaching History. Moses, 1892. 

Turkish afl&irs. Pim (B.), 1878. 

United States. American CivU War. Hope (A. J. B. B.), 1862. 

HOISTS AND LIFTS. 

Construction of lifts for persons in America. Gutermuth, 1894. 
Hydraulic Lifts. Seyrig (T.), 1883 ; Whichcord (J.), 1865. 
on boats. Fr^on, 1888, 1889. 

on Canals. Clark (E.), Standfield and Clark. 

See aho Canals. 

Lifts and Pneumatic Railways at the Liverpool Exhibition, 1886. 

GONIN (L.). 
Lifts and Elevators. Selfe (N.), 1891. 

Passenger and Warehouse Lifts. Cracknell, 1882. 



HOISTS AND LIFTS — HOSPITALS. 341 

HOISTS AND LIFTS— continued. 

Patent perpendicular lift at Tardebig, on the Worcester and 
Birmingham Canal Smith (E.), Notary Public, 1810. 

Railway lifts of Compressed Air. Gonin (L.), 1880. 

Relative merits of working Hoisting Machinery by Steam, Water, 

and Electricity. Goodwin (G. A.), 1893. 

HOME RULE. Ireland. Repeal of the Union, 1844. 

LoTAL Nat. Repeal Assoc. 

HOOKS (Iron). Strength of. Higqins (G.), 1889. 

HOROLOGY. See Clocks and Watches. 

HORSE-POWER. 

Diagrams. Iveson, 1875. 

Nominal horse-power. Gray, 1872. 

Ratio of indicated to effective. Froude (W.), 1876. 

Tables of performance of horses. Raneine (D.), 1828. 

HORSE-SHOEING. « Goodenough " system of shoeing horses. 

COTTAM, 1869. 

HORTICULTURE. See Agriculture. 

HOSIERY AND LACE. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 6. 

HOSPITALS. 

Barrack Hospitals in time of War. Adenaw and Kaven. 

British Seamen in Foreign Parts, Correspondence, 1879. 

Parliamentary.. Papers, p. 481. 

Circular Hospital wards. Snell (H. S.), 1885. 

Construction of Hospitals. Galton, 1869. 

Healthy Hospitals. Galton, 1893. 

Report on the mode of conveying Small-pox and Fever Patients 
to the Hospitals in public vehicles, 1852. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 497. 

Addenbrooke, Cambridge. Act. Addenbrooke (1767). 

Chatham. Plan of Naval Hospital. Chatham, 1858, 1879. 

Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, Designs, Plans, etc. Aberdeen, 1887. 

Hospital Accommodation for infectious diseases. 

Russell (James B.), 1883. 

Hull, Royal Infirmary. Hull, 1886. 

India. European Hospital, Darjeeling. Christie (W. B.), 1885. 

Madras. Report on Civil Dispensaries, 1856. 

India, p. 122. 

Hospitals for Indian stations. India, 1804. Add. 510. 

Marylebone, St., Infirmary. Snell (H. S.), 1886. 

See also Barracks. 



342 HOT-HOUSES — HOUSING OF THE WORKING CLASSES. 

HOT-HOUSES. Remarks on the Construction of. Loudon, 1817. 

HOUSE. Practical Hints on taking a. Boulnois, 1885. 

Hints on Houses. Lang (A.), 1853. 

HOUSE-BUILDING. Designs for Cottages and small Villas. 

Gyfpord, 1806. 

HOUSE DRAINAGE. See Drainage op Towns. Sanitation. 
HOUSE-PROPERTY. Handbook. Tarbuck (E. L.), 1875, 1880. 

HOUSING OF THE WORKING CLASSES. Martin (W.), 1872. 

Agricultural Labourers' Healthy Moral Homes 

Thompson (P.), 1863. 
Back to Back Houses, Report on, 1888. 

Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 481. 

Cheap and healthy Dwellings. Chadwick (Sir E.), 1869, p. 235. 

Countries, Workmen's dwellings in all. 

Muller and Cacheux, 1879. 

Dwellings for Agricultural Labourers. 

Society for the Improvement of the Labouring Classes, 1850. 

Dwellings for the Labouring Classes. Allen (G. B.), 1867. 

Their arrangement, etc. Roberts (H.), 1850 and 1867. 

Dwellings for the poor. Colthurst, 1863 ; Ford (A. H.), 1877. 

Workmen's dwellings at the end of the 19th century. 

Cacheux, 1891. 

Dwellings. Essentials of the Healthy Dwelling and the extension 
of its benefits to the labouring population. 

Roberts (H.), 1862. 

Home reform, or what the working classes may do to improve 

their dwellings. Roberts (H.), 1852. 

Labourers' Prize Cottages. Fitzgerald (L. M.), 1883. 

Model Houses built in connection with the Exhibition of 1851. 

Roberts (H.), 1851. 

Rehousing of the Artisan and Labouring Classes in Sanitary 
Dwellings. Dunscombe (C), 1889. 

Sanitary Improvement, illustrated by the Metropolitan Societies 
for improving the Dwellings of the industrial classes, the 
Common Lodging House Act, etc. 

Smith (Southwood), 1854. 

England and Wales. Reports of the Commissioners, 1885. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 52. 

France. Model Lodging-Houses in. Clark (Geo.), 1855. 

Ireland. Reports on Labourers' Dwellings 1 873. Ireland, p. 1 41 . 

London. Artizans' and Labourers' Dwellings between Middlesex 

Street and Houndsditch. Haywood (W.), 1885, p. 35. 



HOUSING OP THE WORKING CLASSES^ — HYDEAULICS. 343 

HOUSING OF THE WORKING CLASS^S-^continued, 

London. Application of the Artizans Dwellings Bill to the Courts 
and Alleys of Gray's Inn Lane. Isaacs, 1875. 

Displacement of the Poor by Metropolitan Railways and 

by other public improvements. Denton (Rev. W.). 

Provision of accommodation for the Labouring Classes. 

London, p. 254. 

Rehousing of the Poorer Classes of Central London. 

CORBETT, 1886. 

Paris Exhibition of 1889. Workmen's Dwellings at the. 

ROULLIET (A.), 1889. 

HURRICANES. See Meteorology (Storms). 
HUSBANDRY. See Agriculture. 

HYDRANTS. 

Hydrants and Water-pipes for the protection of a City against 
fire. Freeman, 1892. 

Injector Hydrant for Fire Extinction. Greathead (J. H.), 1883. 

HYDRAULICS. Anonymous, p. 47 ; Belanger, 1854—55 ; Boileau 
(P.), 1878, 1881 ; Box, 1867, 1870, 1879 ; Collignon, (E.), 
1869-^0 j Downing, 1855, '61, '75; Eytelwein, 1808; 
Ferguson (J.), 1799 ; Franzius, 1890 ; Guglielmini, 1719 ; 
Graepf, 1873 ; Hagen (G.), 1853, '63 ; Langsdorp, 1794-6 ; 
Lecreulx, 1809 ; Lesbros, 1850 ; Leupold, 1724 ; Love 
(H. D.), 1887; Masoni, 1889; Meissner, 1878; Merriman, 
1889; MoRiN, 1858; Rennie (G.), 1835; Switzbr (S.), 
1729; TuRAZZA (D.), 1880; Vauthier (L. L.), 1889; 
Vecchio, 1887 ; Weisbach (J.), 1855 ; Wray (H.), 1880. 

Agricultural Hydraulics. Buppon (N. de), 1852, 1861, 1867 ; 

Varenne, 1857. 

Analysis of a Hydraulic Step. California Univ., 1887. 

Description des travaux hydrauliques de L. A. de Cessart. 

Cessart, 1806-8. 

Experiences of undermining. Durand-Claye, 1873. 

Graphic solution of hydraulic problems. Spiess (O.), 1887. 

Hydraulic Architecture. Funk (F. E. T.), 1808-9 ; 

Prony, 1790-96; Wiebeking, 1811-17; Wiebeking and 

Kroncke, 1798-1805; Woltmann, 1791-99. 

Hydraulic Engineering. Aubuisson de Voisins, 1840, 1852 ; 

B^LiDOR, 1737-53; Burnell, 1868; Dwyer (J.), 1847, 1852. 

Hydraulic experiments. Lagerhjelm, 1822. 

Hydraulic Manual. Jackson (L. d'A.), 1875, '83. 

Hydraulic Mechanics. Flam ant, 1891. 

Hydraulic service. Passy, 1876. 

Hydraulic works. Foundations. Beaudemoulin, 1829. 



344 HTDRAUUCS — HTDRACUC XACHDmT. 

HYDRAULICS-HxmltiMi^. 

Hjdraalics as a branch of Engmemng. Bknhik (6.), 1835. 

Hydraulics of the Motion and Eqnifibrinm of Fluids. 

JoBSOK, 1828. 
HjdranlicSy Town and Country. Laftinbub, 1865. 

Hydraulics and Pyrodynamics. Dubuat, 1816. 

Hydrotechnical data. HObbk (H.), 1844. 

laqaid veins : vena contracta. Bidohb (G.), 1829. 

Mathematical and Practical Hydraulics. Nazzaih, 1876-77. 

Physical Hydraulics. Mollbt, 1810. 

Resistance to bodies passing through water. Boubgois (J.), 1845. 
River and Harbour Hydraulics. Cobthell, 1884r-86. 

Rural Hydraulics. Gbibb, 1877 

Simple Hydraulic Formula. Stone (T. W.), 1881. 

Tables. Beabdmobb (N.), 1850, 1852; Blackbubne, 1870; 

Ryde (E.), 1851. 
Torrents, rivieres, fleuves, vallees. ]^ie de Beaumont, 1869. 

Tracts on Hydraulics. Tbedgold (T.), 1826, '36, '62. 

Vocabulary of terms peculiar to French and Italian Hydraulic 
Works. BuppoN (N. de), 1869. Add. 489. 

America, South. Hydraulics of the Rivers Paran4, Uruguay, 
and La Plata Estuary. Revy (J. J.), 1874. 

Belgium. Hydraulic Works. Belgium, 1878, p. 116. 

Cape Colony. Reports of the Hydraulic Engineer, 1877-87. 

Cape Colony, p. 221. 
Egyptians (Ancient). Hibt, 1815. 

England, etc. Hydraulic Works and Hydrology of England, 
Canada, Egypt, and India. Jackson (L. d'A.), 1885. 

Italy. Italy, p. 146. 

Venetian territory. Fossombboni, 1847. 

Venice. Jebvis, 1884. 

Low Countries. Maganzini, 1877. 

Lowell Hydraulic Experiments. Fbancis (J. B.), 1 855, '68, 7 1 , '83. 

Roorkee Hydraulic Experiments. Bellasis, 1886 ; 

Cunningham (A.), 1881 ; Flam ant, 1882. 

HYDRAULIC MACHINERY. 

Hydraulic apparatus. Le Chatelieb (H.), 1893; Luiggi, 1883. 
Hydraulic Buffers, Application of. Clebk (H.), 1868. 

Hydraulic Cranes. Maybb (P.), 1887. 

Hydraulic Machinery in Engineering Workshops, Employment of. 

Tweddell (R. H.), 1885. 

Hydraulic Machinery. Adams (H.), 1880 ; Andebson (W.), 1880 ; 

Fabre, 1873 ; Cantor Lectures on Hydraulic Machinery. 

Perry (Prof. J.), 1882, p. 29. 



HYDRAULIC MACHINERY — HYDRAULIC POWER. 345 

HYDRAULIC MACHINERY— exm^tWci. 

Hydraulic Machines, results as applied in Holland. 

OUPPARI, 1883. 
Hydraulic and other Machinery for raising Water. 

EwBANK, 1842, '50, '54. 

Motive power. Hydraulic Machinery for obtaining small. 

Anderson (W.), 1871. 

Water Motors. Treatise on hydraulic Motors. 

Armbngaud (J. E.), 1844 ; Weisbach (J.), 1877-83. 

Relative Advantages of Wind, Water and Steam. 

GosLiN, 1879, 1881. 

Hydromotor. Fleischer, 1879. 

Press. Casalonga, 1888. Improved injection entrances to 
Hydraulic Presses. Clare, Standfield and Clark, 1882. 

Friction of the Leather Collars. Hick, 1867. 

High pressure and rubbing of leather. Mari^, 1881. 

Pressure. Application of hydraulic pressure to the rollers of 
sugar-cane crushing mills. Stewart (D.), 1886. 

Propeller, Patent Hydraulic, rudder and steering apparatus. 

Ruthven (M. W.), 1866. 

Ram applied to large Machinery. Ettelwein, 1822 ; 

Pearsall (H. D.), 1886. 
Water-pressure Engines. Glynn, 1849 ; Mayer (P.), 1887. 

For Mining purposes. Davey, 1880. 

Genoa Port. Hydraulic Machines furnished to the Italian (rovem- 
ment by T. Walker <fe Co. Walker (A. T.), 1887. 

HYDRAULIC POWER. 

Best means of utilising Water Power. Cutler (W. H.), 1879. 

Calculation of Water and Mill Power. 

Beardmore (N.), 1850, '52. 
Hydraulic Machinery employed in the Concentration and Trans- 
mission of Power. Marks (G. C), 1891. 

Hydraulic Power and Hydraulic Machinery. 

Robinson (Prof. H.), 1887, 1893. 
Power of Water applied to drive flour-mills, etc. Glynn, 1853. 

of various districts. Porter (D.), 1880. 

Testing Flume of the Holyoke Water Power Company. 

Herschel (C), 1882. 
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure. Reports. Intzb, 1889. 

Workshops and Ironworks. AnostrCm, 1886. 

Huron and Erie Lakes. Greenleaf, 1885. 

India. Proposals for utilising Water Power in Southern India. 

Chatterton (A.), 1892. 
Leeds. Notes on the proposed Hydraulic Power Company. 

Walker (A. T.), 1886. 

VOL. I. 2 y 



346 HYDRAULIC POWER — HYDROGRAPHY. 

HYDRAULIC FOWER— continued. 

London. Public Hydraulic Power. 

General Hydraulic Power Company, 1884. Add. 502. 

Hydraulic power supplied in the City of London, West- 
minster, Southwark, and Kensington Court, 1886. 

London Hydraulic Power Co. 
Maine water power, Report upon. Wells (W.), 1868. 

Mississippi. Greenleaf, 1887. 

Niagara River. Greenleaf, 1885. 

Sydney. Motive Power on the High Pressure Hydraulic System 
Act, 1888. Sydney, p. 272. 

United States. North-West. Greenleaf, 1887. 

Winnipeg. Water Power of the Assiniboine River in Manitoba. 

. Fanning, 1889. 

HYDRODYNAMICS. Bossut, 1771, 1796 ; Bernouilli (D.), 1738; 
MosBLEY,1830; Russell (John S.),1837; Wex (G. von), 1888. 

Hydrodynamics of Blue Books and of the Metropolitan Drainage 
Reports. Neville (J.), 1858. 

New equation. Prof. ChalUs and Prof. Tardy. Moon, 1850. 

HYDRO-GEOLOGY. 

London. Water-bearing strata. Prestwigh, 1851. 

Middlesex, Herts, Essex and Surrey. Lucas (J.), 1877-78. 

Moscow, Hydrogeology of. Petunnikopp, 1886. 

HYDROGRAPHY. 

Hydrographic Proceedings of H.M.S. Challenger. 

Challenger, 1873-76. 
Hydrographic and Mining Surveys. Hearding, 1872. 

Hydrographical Surveying : a description of the means employed 
in constructing marine charts. Wharton (W. J. L.), 1882. 

Nautical Surveying. Beautemps-Beaupr^ 1823 ; 

Belcher, 1835 ; Jeffers (W. N.), 1878 ; Laughton, 1882. 

Ocean Currents. Smellie (T. D.), 1885. 

African hydrography or the 16th century after the first 
Portuguese explorations. Cordeiro (L.), 1878. Add. 494. 
America. Anuario hidrografico del Rio de la Plata. 

Arocena, 1891. 
Province de Minas-Geraes. Liais, 1865. 

Atlantic (North). Ocean and Davis Strait, Hydrographic 
Proceedings in. "Valorous" (H.M.S.), 1875. 

Baden. Baden, 1883. 

Belgium. Hydrographic Service Report. 

Belgium, 1879. Add. 484. 
Bohemia. Harlacher, 1872-75. 

Caspian Sea. Caspian Sea, 1877. 



HTDBOGBAPHY — HTDBOLOGT. 347 

HYDROGRAPHY—con/inwed. 

Damietta and Om Fareg and Port Said. Remarks on the Surveys 
of the Coast between, made in H.M.S. " Fawn." 

Wharton (W. J. L.), 1877. 
France. Dictionnaire hydrographique. Ravinet, 1824. 

Great Britain. Admiralty Hydrographic Surveyors, General 
Instruction for. Admiralty, 1862. Add. 479. 

Admiralty Interference with tidal and navigable waters, 

1847. Farliamentart. .Papers, p. 465. 

Bristol Channel to English Channel. Account of a level Lino 

measured from, during 1837-38. Whewbll (W.), 1839. 

Channel Pflot. King (J. W.), 1856-59. 

List of Oceanic depths and serial temperature observations, 

1888-90. Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 516. 

— — Pilot's Handbook for the English Channel. 

King (J. W.), 1876. 
Hydrographical Map of the British Isles. Petbrmann, 1866. 

Piloting Directions for St. George's Channel and the Coast 

of Ireland. Nimmo, 1832. 

Report by the Hydrographer of the Admiralty on the 

examination and charting of the seaboard in various 
parts of the globe, 1880, &c. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 516. 

Sailing directions for the Sound of Harris, Western or Outer 

Hebrides. Otter and Stanton, 1859. 

Holland. Observations hydrographiques et topographiques. 

Krayenhoff, 1835. 
Italy. Italy, p. 146. 

Milan. Sormani, 1881. 

North Sea Pilot, 1857-58. North Sea. 

Piedmont. Michelotti (J. T.), 1803. 

Scotland. Little Minch, between the Outer Hebrides and Skye. 

Otter, 1859. 
Spain. Spain, 1866, 1886. 

West India Pilot. Barnbtt (E.), 1883. 

HYDROMETRY. See Water-Mbtbrs. 

HYDROGEN. Hydrogen for lighting and warming, manufacture of. 

Vial (E.), 1868. 
HYDROLOGY. 

Hydrological Conditions of the upper basin of the Mississippi. 

Rbid (R. C), 1885. 
Manual. Beardmore (N.), 1862. 

Africa (South). Brown (J. C), 1875. 

Cotteswolds and the district around Swindon, Hydrology of. 

Taunton (J. H.), 1887. 
Jura Mountains. Lamairesse, 1873. 



348 HTDBO-MECHANICS — HTGBOMKTBT. 

HYDRO-MECHANICS. Besant, 1877 ; Emerson (J.), 1881 ; Insti- 
tution of Civ. Eng., 1885 ; RChlmann (M.), 1857, '80. 

HYDROSTATICS. Ferguson (J.), 1799 ; Galbraith and Haughton, 
1855; Gbeenhill (A. G.), 1894; Jamieson (A.), 1837; 
Labdneb, 1831 ; Magnus, 1878 ; Mabiotte (E.), 1718. 
App. 567 ; MosELEY, 1830 ; Pabkinson (Rev. T.), 1789 ; 
PiNKEBTON (R. H.), 1888 ; Switzer (S.), 1729 ; Webster 

(Thomas), Q.C., 1838, *47, '56. 

Demonstrated after the manner of the Elements of Geometry. 

Whewell (W.), 1843, '49. 

Hydrostatic Cabins for Ships to prevent sea-sickness. 

Allan (A.), 1874. 

Hydrostatic batteries for coast defence. Allan (A.), 1874. 

Hydrostatic batteries to give a steady gun-deck at sea. 

Allan (A.), 1874. 

Objections of H. More to Boyle's experiments. More (H.), 1762. 
HYGIENE. See Health. 

HYGROMETRY. Hygrometric Methods. Report. 

Shaw (W. N.), 1888. 

Hygrometer. Dechabmb, 1875. 



ICB— INDICATORS* 349 



L 

ICE. 

Anchor Ice as affecting Public Water Supply. Cole (J. A.), 1879. 

Ice Industry of the United States. Hall (Henrt), 1888. 

Ice Machines. Lszi:, 1890. 

Manufacture of Ice. See Cold and Refrigeration. 

Observations on Pure Ice. Andrews (T.), 1886, 1890. 

Remarkable deposition of Ice round the decaying stems of 
Vegetables during Frost. Hersohel (Sir J. F. W.), 1833. 

Ice-breaker. Inland Navigation, Germany. Honsell, 1880. 

ILLUMINATION. Art of Illuminating. Wyatt (M. D.), 1860. 
IMMIGRATION. See Emigration. 

IMPERIAL INSTITUTE, Work oL Abel, 1887. 

IMPERIALISM AND FREE TRADE. Molesworth, 1886. 

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS. Venezuela and British Guiana. 
Differential Duties, etc. Venezuela, 1887. 

See also Exports. 
INDEXES. See Catalogues. 

INDIA-RUBBER. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 9. 

India-rubber as an insulator for telegraphic conductors. 

Hooper, 1865. 

Vulcanised India-rubber Joints for Water and Gas Socket-pipes. 
Report. WiCKSTEED (T.), 1848. 

INDICATORS. 

Constants for correcting Indicator Springs that have been 
calibrated cold. 

Carpenter, Marks and Barraclough, 1894. Add. 491. 

Gas-engine Indicator Diagram. Atrton and Perry, 1884. 

Indicator diagram practically considered. Burgh (N. P.), 1869. 

Installed on the armoured corvette, '' La Th6tis." 

Madamet, 1875. 

Richards's Steam-engine Indicator. Porter (C. T.), 1874, 1883. 
Slide bars. Hartmann (W.), 1889. 

Steam-engine Indicator. Errors of measurement of Power by. 

Jacobus (D. S.), 1894. Add. 512. 



350 INDICATORS — INFANTICIDE. 

INDICATORS— con/tnued. 

Theory. Slaby, 1889. 

Twenty years with the Indicator. Prat, 1885. 

Watt's Indicator. Cornut, 1873 ; Maupbou, 1882. 

See aUo Steam Engines (General References). 

INDIQO, Culture and Manufacture of, in India. 

East India Company, 1836. 

INDUSTRIAL CLASSES AND INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS. 

Bevan (G. p.), Industries, vols. 13 and 14. 

INDUSTRIAL LIFE, Phenomena of. Dawes, 1874. 

INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY. Congr^s Suisse de la Propriety 
Industrielle. Congr^s, 1883. 

INDUSTRY. 

Industrial and Commercial Enterprises. Lincol, 1869. 

Industries and Iron. Periodical Publications, p. 16. 

Productive Industry. How to develop it in India and the East. 

Cola, 1867. 
Protection to Home Industry. Anonymous, 1879, p. 53. 

Revista tecnologico industriale. Periodical Publications, p. 23. 
Revue industrielle. Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Alaska, Report on the Industries of. Petroff (I.), 1884. 

British Industries, Revival of. Anonymous, 1885, p. 54. 

Cleveland and South Durham. Cleveland, 1885 ; 

Iron and Steel Inst. 
France, Industrial Publications of. Thirion (C), 1867. 

Germany. Tarussio, 1880. 

Ireland. Kane (Sir R.), 1845. 

Development. Stoddart, 1847. 

Italian. Ellena, 1880. 

Mechanical and Naval Industry. Italy, 1885. Add. 511. 

Jubbulpore School of Industry. Report, 1856. India, p. 120. 
Mulhausen. History of an industrial centre. Cacheux, 1876. 
New South Wales, Catalogue of products of. 

Philadelphia, 1876, p. 33. 

New Zealand. Blair (W. N.), 1884, 1887. 

Scotland. Bremner, 1869. 

Ulster. Clark (G.), 1882. 

See also Arts and Manufactures ; Commerce ; Trade. 

INFANTICIDE, India. Measures adopted for the Suppression of 
Female Infanticide in the Province of Elatty war. 

India, p. 121. 



INFECTION — INLAND NAVIGATION. 351 

INFECTION. Floating matter in the Air in relation to Putrefaction 
and Infection. Tyndall (J.), 1881, '83, p. 334. 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 

Cholera at Sandgate : the connection of the Drainage and Water 
Supply. Report. Sandoate, 1855. 

Scarlet Fever and Measles. Effectual and simple remedy. 

Witt (C), 1862. 
See also Epidemics. 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES (Animals). 

Bovine Tuberculosis, Investigations concerning. 

United States, 1894. Add. 537. 

Infectious Swine Disecbses, Investigations concerning. 

United States, 1894. Add. 537. 

INFERNAL MACHINES. Infernal Machines in War. 

Wauwebmanb (H.), 1870. 

INFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS. Bill to amend the law relating to 
keeping, selling, and conveyance, 1891. 

Pabliamentaby. .Papers, p. 481. 

INJECTORS. 

Giffard's Injector. Giffabd, 1861 ; Olbick, 1865. 

Steam Injectors, history and use. Pochet, 1877. 

INLAND NAVIGATION. B6tancouet, 1807 ; Egebton, 1818-20 ; 
GouBY, 1827 ; Gbay (J.), 1768 ; Phillips (J.), 1785-94, 
1792-1803 ; Stevenson (D.), 1850 ; Sympheb, 1886 ; 
Vallancey (C), 1763 ; Zels, 1887. Map. Pbiestley (J.), 

1830. 
Canals and Inland Navigation. Wheeleb (W. H.), 1889. 

and Rivers. Lageen^, 1869-73 ; Guillemain, 1885. 

Canal and River Engineering. 

Stevenson (D.), 1858, 1872-86. 

Canalisation by means of self-acting weirs. Cabbo, 1887. 

Conference on Inland Navigation. Report. 

Society for Encouragement of Arts, etc., 1888. 

Congresso Intemazionale di Navigazione interna. Fourth Con- 
gress at Manchester, 1890. Bompiani and Luiggi. 
Congres international de navigation interieure, Paris, 1892. 

Coene, 1893. 
Convention on Waterways. Proceedings held at Sault Ste. 
Marie, Michigan, July 20th, 1887. 

Watbbways Convention, 1887. 
Experimental researches on material. Mas, 1891-93. 

History, 1766-69. Anonymous, p. 47. 









»- T T 



'--"■\r. ' :vT7 :'XoT,, TT>oT,^ ..r. ;uwiw» *-»74, 



,» .. -,% M/K^.f^^oiio I*vwTnnTr\L P"TiLir\T!ON», p. j:5. 

fV*:-S f rwin.'fr'o.? •>o'-'vi| .,ir. A?fOVTMor8» ».^S5, p. r>4, 

Frov and St«^ Innt, 
r-in^o Inr1ii5*ri.a] Plhlic^tionR «>f. FmRlov ((/.), 1XK7. 

f^rioTiv Tvwrsmn, I SMI). 

I ^n-'«^1r,r^T^nT1t ST*innAKT» IH47, 

\Tn'^hn.'n^nr>^ n.nrl V^vn,] rnHimtry. FTVIiT, 1 ^^^^T). Add. -Ml. 

JuT.l.nlpnro ^r>hnf»f r,f fnrlnqtry. Report, I''^")6, FVPtA* p. rjO. 

\TiU,.,n'on fFi^fory r,f in inrhmt-.T-iji.) contra ('A^-HKUXv l«'<7^5. 

PrfiTi\nKr,PKTA» \^7^^ p. 33. 
^^ - 7'nlnnr?. P,i,MR (W. M.), IMH4, IK87. 

f^rr nUn A R'T*<< \vn MwrFArTTTRUls ; (■(•MHFyROK ; ThAI>K. 

rVFA Vrr^Tr^R, huW'x \TonQiirofl iHoptofl For fho Siip^irwuion of 
K'-ninlo ftifMnf I'mMp \ty Mip Prr»vinco nf Ivuttywiir. 

Iniua, p, lUl. 



VVm ^(»)c »mv4, 

tNKKUNAL MAOIIINICM, IttrtinoU Mni^ihu^n Ih Wm. 
INKliAMMAHliK IJgtUhM. Hill fn mm\\i\ Mit^ Ihw h^I(«)(m(( t«M 

' l*Attl<IAMIftM'mMY. .J^rtphM, {«. 4tt|, 

Bt^rtni fiiJM'Or*, hUiofy mill w^. \Uii*UH^, IW'/y. 

VAr.u«roif.ir ((^). iy/»lh /wm, l^i^V. Mm^j^ t^wf^rt-H.iftf (»^ ), 

— (Witt! mill IUt<^f fCft|^lfl^^f•lf♦i/ 
(WmlMM-i/rfi try f^l^rtn* tit «^lf nMIri^ wi*Im. (U««0, ifif'/, 

MnflA, iVf»Ahfi(n,fi, //rily ''^>^>». J"''^'/ 
frKt/»ry. I7^»^» ^»'^ AntfrntVilhif4, p i'f 



352 INLAND NAVIGATION. 

INLAND NAVIGATION— eofUinued. 

Improvement of Waterways. Benefits to be derived from. 

Vbrnon-Habcoubt (L. F.), 1893. 

International Congresses : Brussels, 1885 ; Vienna, 1886 ; 
Frankfort, 1888 ; Manchester, 1890 ; Paris, 1892. 

BoEHMCHES, 1890; International Congress on I. N. 

Improvement and £xt€lnsion of Inland Communication and 
Transport. Grahame (T.), 1835. 

Keeping canals open for navigation during winter through the 
agency of artificial heat. Thurston (R. H.), 1873, p. 309. 

Organisation. Mabchetti (C), 1886 ; Schromh, 1886. 

Normal profiles of Canals. Sghlichtinq, 1886. 

Political Economy of Inland Navigation, etc. Tatham (W.), 1799. 

Prime Codt of Transport by waterways — France, Germany and 
Austria. NObdling, 1885. 

Regimen of Ports. Monet, 1892. 

Stoppages on canals and canalised rivers. Coene, 1892. 

Tolls and fees collected on Navigable Ways. Couvreur, 1892. 

Dues. BEAURiN-Gressier. 

Traction, different means of. Rigoni (G.), 1887. 

Universal Inland Navigations and the use of aU sorts of Mines. 

Leach (E.), 1791. 

Value of Inland Waterways. Peez, 1886. 

Waterways (Inland), Transportation. Johnson (E. R.), 1893. 

American Artificial Waterways between the Lakes and Hudson 
River. Sweet (E.), 1885. 

Arun (River), Act for the improvement of the navigation of. 

Arun (River), 1785. 
Austria and Germany. Navigable ways. Saint Hubert, 1881. 
Belgium. Grangez, 1855. 

Navigation of, towards Paris. Vipquain (J. B.), 1838. 

Navigable Ways in 1893, Movements of Transports on. 

Belgium, 1894. Add. 484. 

- Network of navigable waterways. Belgium, 1881, p. 116. 

Belgium to Paris. Belgium, 1840, p. 116. 

Voies navigables. Belgium, 1879, 1880, 1889, p. 116. 

Bristol, Liverpool, and Hull. Inland navigation easily effected 
between. Whitworth (R.), 1766. 

Canada. Improvements of Inland Navigation. 

Canada, 1871, p. 216. 
Canadian Water Ways, from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic. 

Keefer (T. C), 1893. Add. 513. 

Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation Act. Chelmer, 1793. 

Chicago International Congress on Water Transportation. 

Reports, etc. Chicago, 1893. Add. 491. 



INLAND NAVIGATION. 353 

INLAND NAVIGATION— confont/ed. 

Coleraine, Belfast, and Limerick, system which comiects. 

COLEBAINE, 1882. 

Durham to the River Wear and branches. Dodd, 1796. 

Elbe and Oder Basins (Ports in the) Building and Working. 

DOEMMING, 1892. 

England. Cordibr, 1819-20. 

England and Wales, History of the Canal and River Navi- 
gation of. , Wells (L. B.), 1894. Add. 538. 

Map of the Canals and Navigable Rivers of. 

Wells (L. B.), 1894. 
Europe. Navigable Ways. Hartley (Sir C. A.), 1885. 

Europe, particularly England. Oddy, 1810. 

Europe (Central), Water communication of. 

Lanfranconi, 1880, '81. 

Europe (Northern). Waterways. Weber (M. M. von), 1881. 

Forfar and Aberbrothwick. Inland navigation between, by means 
of Strathmore Canal. Stevenson (R.), 1817. 

France. Becquey, 1820; Cordier, 1819-20; Dumont (A.), 
1861; DuTENs, 1829; Fabrb, 1797; France, p. 439; 
Grangez, 1855; Molinos, 1875. Laws. Poterlet, 1820. 

Canals and Rivers which traverse the departments of the 

Meurthe, the Yosges, Mouse and Moselle. 

Lacreulx, 1796. 

Commercial Regimen of Ports in. DELAUNAY-Belleville, 1 892. 

Departement du Nord. Cordier, 1820-28. 

Map of routes. Delaistre, 1812. 

Rivers and Canals. Reynauld (L.), 1883. 

Stoppages on Canals and Canalised rivers in the Northern 

and Eastern regions of France. Der6me, 1892. 

Territories of the French Empire. Dupain-Triel, 1811. 

Traction of Boats in France. Lasmolles, 1892. 

France and England. Huerne de Pommeuse, 1822^ 

France, Belgium, and Provinces on the left bank of the Rhine. 

Collin, 1865. 

German Waterways. Rbutsch, 1885. Map, 1885. Germany. 

Navigable Ways, Tolls and Dues on. Sympher (J.), 1892. 

Waterways of Prussia and adjacent States. Prussia, 1877. 

Great Britain. Grahahe, 1834. 

Legislation. Grahame, 1836. 

Hohensaaten to Spandau, Traction of Boats from. 

Thiem (A.), 1892. 
Hungary. Respective use of Waterways and Railroads. 

Halasz, 1892. 

VOL. I. 2 z 



354 INLAND NAVIGATION. 

INLAND NAVIGATION— con<tnMe<f. 

Hungary. Utilisation of Water and Rail Routes in, and their 
competitive influence in reducing freight charges. 

Halasz (A.), 1893. Add. 505. 

Utilisation of the Watercourses. Turk, 1881, '85. 

India. Waterways or Railways. Tyrrell (F.), 1874. 

Ireland. Acts 1815, 1816. Ireland, p. 141. 

Drainage and improvement of navigation and water power, 

Ireland, Act, and amended Acts 1842-47. 

Ireland. Add. 511. 

Increase of Agriculture, Manufactures and Commerce by 

its extension. 

Inland Navigation. Williams (C. W.), 1831, '33. 

Papers, State, etc., 1800, 1806, 1812, etc. 

Ireland, p. 141. 

Reports, 1813. Ireland, p. 141. 

Italy. Navigation between Venice, Padua, Verona and the 
Adige. WiEBEKiNO (C. F. von), 1810. 

Knaresborough. Chapman (W.), 1802, p. 243. 

Limerick Navigation. Chapman (W.), 1795, p. 241. 

Liverpool and Manchester. Means of competing with railways. 

Grahame, 1833. 

London and Birmingham. Report on Improving the Water 
Communication between. Marten (H. J.), 1886. 

Lough Neagh to Belfast. Plan and Estimates of the intended 
Navigation from. Whitworth (R.), 1770. 

Lynn, Complaints of the Merchants, Mariners and Watermen of. 

King's Lynn, 1724. 
Lynn and Yarmouth, Mediterranean passage between. 

Mathew, 1656. 
Lynn, Wisbeach, Spalding and Boston, Navigation of the Towns of. 

KiNDERLEY, 1751. 

Michigan (Lake). Proposed Waterway from Lake Michigan to 
the Mississippi River, via the Illinois and Mississippi Canal. 
Bryson (A.), 1893. Add. 489. Henderson (T. J.), 1893. 

Add. 507. 

Proposed enlargement of. Cooley (L. E.), 1893. Add. 494. 

Milan. Bruschetti, 1821. 

Neckar Basin, relations between the Waterway and the Railroad 
in the. Harttung, 1892. 

Netherlands. Dues and Tolls on Navigable Ways. 

DEKiNG-Dura, 1892. 
New South Wales. Reports. 

New South Wales, 1859-60, p. 401. 
Newcastle and Maryport, proposed line between. 

Jessop and Chapman, 1795. 
Newcastle and Carlisle, Navigation between. Dodd, 1795. 



INLAND NAVIGATION INSTITUTIONS. 355 

INLAND NAVIGATION— c'o«/iWMe(Z. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne to the Irish Channel. 

Chapman (W.), 1795, p. 242. 

Newcastle to Haydon Bridge. Proposed navigation between the 
east and west seas. Chapman (W.), 1795, p. 243. 

Norway. S^tren (G.), 1892. 

Norwich Navigation Improvement Committee on the Norwich 
and Yarmouth Navigation. Curtis (J. G. C), 1846. 

Norwich to Yarmouth. Plan for making the river navigable. 

Brown (C), 1818. 

Rhine Basin. Waterways and Railroads ; their co-operation and 
their reciprocal competition in the. Landgraf, 1892. 

Russian Waterways enlarged to meet the demands of Commerce. 

HoERscHELMANN (E. F. do), 1893, '94. Add. 508. 

Waterways, Taxes and Tolls on. Sytenko (N. de), 1892. 

Salisbury and Bnstol, passage by Water between the two 
Avons of. Mathew, 1656. 

Sheffield. Chapman, 1813, p. 243. 

Stella to Hexham, and Hexham to Haydon Bridge, on south 
side of the Tyne. Report on proposed line of navigation. 

Whitworth (R.), 1797. 

Stockton to Winston and branches. Dodd, 1796. 

Thames and Canal Navigation. Report to the Committee. 

Whitworth (R.), 1780. 

United Kingdom, Taxes and Tolls upon the Inland Navigations 
of the. Clements, 1892. 

United States. Cordier, 1819-20. 

Internal Navigation, natural and artificial : present and 

prospective. United States, 1826, p. 341. 

The Levels of the Lakes, as affected by the proposed 

Lakes and Gulf Waterway, <fec. 

WiSNER (G. Y.) and others, 1889. 

Relations between railroads and waterways. 

North (E. P.), 1892. 

Waterways and Railways : their respective positions in 

transportation in the U. S. A. Roberts (T. P.), 1892. 

Wisconsin and Fox Rivers. Report on the Transportation, 

route along, between the Mississippi and Lake Michigan. 

Wisconsin (State of), 1876. 
See also Canals, Rivers. 

INSCRIPTIONS. City Latin on the new Bridge at Blackfriars. 

Birch (B.), 1760. 

INSTITUTIONS. Bureau des Longitudes, situation of. Faye, 1872. 
See also Societies ; Universities, etc. 



356 INSTRUMENTS. 

INSTRUMENTS. 

Description and use of a complete set of Pocket Instruments. 

Webster (W.), 1739. App. 580. 

Instruments and machines of J. Besson. 

Besson (J.), 1582, 1602. 

Instruiiients of precision. Balbreck. 

Notice on Instruments invented by Richard freres. 

Richard freres, 1886. 

Theory of certain indicating and recording Apparatus. 

Hele-Shaw, 1888. 

Treatise on new Philosophical Instruments. Brewster, 1813. 



Anemometers. See Anemometer. 

Arithmetical Instruments, description and use of two. 

MORLAND, 1673. 

Arithmometer. Kebnot, 1885. 

Astronomical and Physical Instruments. Magellan, 1780. 

Astronomical Instruments. Method of dividing. 

Bird (J.), 1767. App. 548; Ludlam (W.), 1786. 

App. 566. 

Azimuthal Circle. Airy, 1851, p. 19. 

Bathometer. Siemens (Sir W.), 1879, p. 198. 

Blundell's Agricultural Drainage Level. Blundell, 1848. 

Calorimeter. Montchoisy, 1882. 

Camera Obscura (Chevalier's), Advice on. 

Chevalier (V.), aine, 1824. App. 551. 

Celestial Compass. Graydon, 1825. 

Chronograph, adapted for measuring the varying velocity of a 
body in motion through the air. Bashforth (F.), 1866 ; 

Bashporth (F.). Add. 484. 

Chronographic Apparatus, with Huyghens* parabolic pendulum. 

Ellery, 1885. 
Chronoscope (Schultz). Benet, 1866. 

Clinometer (Prismatic). Pole, 1853. 

Collimator. Airy, 1851, p. 19. 

(Floating). Kater, 1825. 

A new arrangement of a vertical collimator to the altitude 

and azimuth instrument. Simms (W.), 1846. 

Cosmosphere : an instrument substituting an orrery, globe, &c. 

Muller (W.), 1829. App. 570. 
Curve-delineator and extensometer. Frankel (W.), 1883, 1884. 
Cyclograph. Price- Williams, 1849. 

Cyclometer. Discovery of an universal principle for dividing the 
Circumference of a Circle into a given number of equal parts. 

Adamson (AV,), 1815. App. 543. 



INSTRUMENTS. 357 

I NSTRUMENTS— ccm^mtied. 

Delineator, Moment, (Alexander-Thomson). 

Alexander (T.) and Thomson, 1890. 
Dipleidoscope, principles and construction. Bloxah (J. M.), 1846. 

or double reflecting meridian and altitude instrument. 

Dent, 1843 ; Dent, 1843, '44. App. 554. 

Use in the correction of time-keepers. Dent; 1843. 

Dynamometer, New. Froude (W.), 1857. 

Indicator and Dynamometer, with their applications to the 

Steam-engine. Main and Brown, 1864. 

Mercurial Statical Dynamometer. Milne (John), 1830. 

Electrometer, Capillary. Burch, 1890, 1892. 

Eudiometers. MacLeod, 1879. 

New Eudiometer. Cavendish, 1783. 

Geometrical Instruments. HuN^us, 1864. 

Globes, Armillary Sphere, and Orrery. Description and use of. 

Martin (B.), 1736. App. 567. 
Gonoclinometer. Bondis (A.), 1875. 

Graphor : a new Mathematical Instrument. Longitude discovered 
by it. Degravors (P.) and Quid, 1794. App. 553. 

Hydrometer. Engineers' Manual. Swift (L.), 1861. Add. 535. 

Hygroscope, description of an improved. 

Arderon (W.), 1746. App. 545. 
Induction Inclinometer, and its adjustments. Lloyd (H.), 1842. 
Levelling Instrument (new form of). Cushing, 1879. 

Levelling Instruments (Portable). Stevenson (D.), 1844. 

Mathematical Instruments, construction and principal uses of. 
Adams (G.), 1803; Bion (N.), 1758; Bion (N.), 1752, '58. 
App. 548. Heather, 1851, 1877, 1888; Meredith, 1791 ; 

Metius, 1632. 

Engine for dividing. 

Ramsden (J.), 1777, 79, '90. App. 572. 
Engine for driving straight lines on. Ramsden, 1779. 

With description and use of gunner's callipers. 

Robertson (John), 1775. App. 574. 

Mathematical Instruments employed in surveying, levelling and 
astronomy. Simms (F. W.), 1836, p. 201. 

Use of portable ones. Sleeman (T.), 1805. 

Cantor Lectures. Williams (W. M.), 1879. 

Measuring Machine (Whitworth). Goodeve and Shelley, 1877. 
Mechanical Paradox, description and use of a new machine called. 

Ferguson (J.), 1764. App. 556. 

Micrometer (divided eye-glass double image). 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1845, p. 18. 

Micrometer and Megameter, account of a new. 

BoscovicH (R. G.), 1777. App. 549. 



358 INSTRUMENTS. 

INSTRUMENTS— cow<m«ec/. 

Micrometer. Telescopical Mother of Pearl Micrometer. 

Cavallo, 1793. 

Micrometer for measuring small angles with the Telescope. 

Cavallo (T.), 1791. App. 551. 

Prismatic Micrometer, New Instrument for measuring small 

angles. Maskelyne (Rev. N.), 1777. App. 568. 

— ; — Description of two new Micrometers. 

Ramsden (J.), 1779. App. 572. 

Microphone. Du Moncel, 1878, 1882 ; 

ScHWAKTZE (T.), 1883, 1885, p. 172. 

Microscopes. See Microscopes. 

Nautical instruments. Hydrostatoscope. Periheliotrope. 

Reitz (F. H.), 1882, '83. 

Navigation Instruments at the Paris Exhibition of 1855. 

Smyth (C. P.), 1855. 
Omnimeter (Eckhold's). Eckhold, 1868. 

Optical Instruments (New). Cantor Lectures. Lockyer, 1884. 

Catalogue of Optical, Mathematical, and Philosophical 

Instruments. Jones (Wm. and S.), 1817. 

Orreries. How to construct. Ferguson (J.), 1778. App. 557. 

Orthochronograph. Description of, an instrument for ascer- 
taining correct time by equal altitudes of the sun. 

Webster (R.) and Son, 1844. App. 580. 

Phonograph. Du Moncel, 1879, 1882. 

Photometer. Dispersion Photometer. 

Perry (Prof. J.) and Ayrton, 1880. 

Photophone. History of Selenium and its action in the Bell 
Photophone. Jamieson (Andrew), 1881. 

Pirameter, or instrument for ascertaining the power required to 
draw carriages over roads. Macneill, 1835. 

Planetarium, or astronomical machine invented by Hahn and 
Mylius. Description. Hahn (P. M.), 1791. App. 559. 

Planimeters. See Integrators. 

Proportion Compass, or, land surveyors called to order. 

Rossi (G.), 1802. App. 574. 

Proportioner (Concentric Circular), description of. 

Lamb (J.), 1827 ; Lamb (J.), 1827. App. 565. 

Pyrometer. Adie, 1835. 

With table of experiments made with it. 

Smeaton (J.), 1754. App. 576. 
Quadrants. See Quadrants. 

Radiophone. Du Moncel, 1882 ; 

Schwartze (T.), 1883, 1885, p. 172. 
Rain Gauge, self-registering. Osler, 1840. 



INSTRUMENTS — INSURANCE. 359 

INSTRUMENTS— con<inM6cf. 

Range Indicator (Campbeirs). Campbell (J. R.), 1874. 

Sextant (Hadley's), description and methods of adjusting the 
improved. Ramsden (J.), 1775. App. 572. 

Sectograph. Description of T. Jones's patent. 

Englefibld (Sir H. E.), 1811. App. 556. 

Sector. Description of. Anonymous, 1697, p. 55. 

for giving the proportionate sizes of Wheels and Pinions. 

Pennington (R.), 1780. App. 571. 

and Plain Scale Compared. Rea (R.), 1727. App. 573. 

Slide Rule. Henderson (W.), 1879. 

Combined circular Slide Rule and scale tables of natural 

and logarithmic sines, rumb points, etc. 

Dixon (T.), 1886. 

— — Engineer's and Mechanic's Slide Rule. Coulson, 1842. 

Practical manual. Pickworth (C. N ), 1894. Add. 528. 

Sliding Rule (Roget's) of Involution, description of. 

Gilbert (W. and T.), 1828. App. 559. 

Son, Astronomical Rotula for showing the Rising and Setting 
of the. 

Surveying and Levelling Instruments described. 

Stanley (W. F.), 1890. 

Tacheometry. See Surveying and Levelling. 

Telemeter Company System. , Telemeter Co., 1886. 

Telescopes. See Telescopes. 

Temperature, Instruments for ascertaining the mean. 

Stevenson (T.), 1870. 

Thermosiphon. Applications to horticultural and other processes. 

Fowler (T.), 1829. 

Topograph (Lendy's Patent). Lendy (A. F.), 1864. 

Uranographia, description and use of the new. 

Grant (C), 1800. App. 559. 

Greenwich Observatory. Principal Instruments there in the 
time of Halley. Riqaud (S. P.), 1836. App. 574. 

Paris. Soci6te d'Encouragement. Instruments presented to, by 
H. Robert. Report. 

Hericart de Thury, 1833. App. 562. 

See also Astronomy (Instruments). 

INSURANCE. 

Accidents. Mutual Assurance Offices. Giqot, 1892. 

Engine and Boiler Insurance Company. Reports, 1880, etc. 

Engine. 

Steam Boiler Assurance Company, Engineer's Reports. 

Steam Boiler, etc., 1873-81. 



360 INSURANCE — INUNDATIONS. 

INSURANCE (Fire). 

Boston Manufacturers' Mutual Fire Insurance Company. 

Boston Manufacturers, 1883, 1890. 
Flour Mill (modern) Insurance. Simon (H.), 1890. 

Globe Insura'tice Company. Act to grant charter, 1800. 

Stonestreet (G. G.) 
Law of Fire and Life. Beaumont (G. B. D.), 1846. 

Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society. Act 1879. 

Norwich Union. 
Phoenix Fire OflGice. Dangers of Electric Lighting. 

Heaphy, 1882. 
INSURANCE (Life). Rankin (R.), 1830. 

Account of populs^tion, law of mortality, and different systems of 
life Insuranqe. Burt (A.), 1849. 

Doctrine of life Annuities and Assurances. Bailt, 1813. 

Probability of human life in Glasgow and other large towns. 

Cleland, 1836. 

Regulations respecting Government Life Insurance and Anni^ties, 
1865. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Tables of Premiums, 1865. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 481. 

Various Institutions. Babbagb (C.) 1826. 

See also Annuities. 

INSURANCE (Marine). 

Lloyd's. Act to amend Lloyd's Act, 1871. Lloyd's. 

Register. 1848-49, etc. Annals, 1884. Lloyd's Register. 

Marine Insurance (Lloyd's). Aukland, 1893. 

Underwriters' registry for Iron Vessels. List of Iron Vessels, 
1870-81. Underwriters' registry for Iron Vessels. 

INSURANCE (National). 

Necessary and possible. Ede (W. M.), 1889. 

Patriotic Assurance Company of Ireland. Act to define and 
extend its objects. Patriotic Assurance, 1890. 

What is iti Blackley, 1890. 

INTEGRATORS (Mechanical). Abbott (W.), 1886. 

Amsler's Planimeters. Hirn, 1875. 

Hohmann-Coradi's Precision Planimeters. CoRAm, 1855 ; 

Reitz (F. S.), 1878, 1882, 1884. 

INTOXICATING LIQUORS. Cape Colony Report of the Liquor 
Laws Commission. Cape Colony, 1890, p. 221. 

INUNDATIONS. 

Causes. Deutsch (J.), 1877. 

Means of prevention. Deglaude, 1872 ; Poir^e, 1858. 

Ard^che, Rivers of the^ Mardigny, 1860. 



INUNDATIONS — IRON. 361 

INUNDATIONS— con<intted. 

IVance. Lombardini, 1858. From the sixth century to the 
present time. Champion, 1858-64. 

Hungary. Prevention from. Lanfrangoni, 1882. 

Mauritius, 1865. Report. Mauritius. 

Valencia, 1864. Boix (V.), 1865. 

INVENTIONS. 

Adumbration of Inventions. Hardingham, 1893. 

Birmingham Inventors and Inventions. Prosser, 1881. 

Century of Inventions. Worcester (Marquis of), 1825 ; 

Worcester (Marquis of), 1825. App. 581 ; Dircks, 1865. 
Chats on Invention. Martin (J.), 1894. Add. 518. 

Cultivation of the Inventive Faculty. 

Thwaite (B. H.), 1894, p. 311. 

Designs and descriptions of machines relating to arts, manu- 
factures, and domestic life. White (James), 1822. 

History. Beckmann, 1846; Plat, 1653; White (F. S.), 1827. 

Improvements in the useful arts. Counsel to the Inventors of. 

Turner (T.), 1850. 

Mechanic : or compendium of practical inventions. 

Smith (James), 1816-18. App. 577. 
Philosophical, Mechanical, Chemical and Agricultural discoveries. 

Anonymous (1806-11), p. 54. 

Property in Designs and Inventions in Arts and Manufactures. 

Webster (Thomas), Q.C., 1853. 

Remarks on the right of property in mechanical invention with 
reference to Registered Designs. Turner (Thomas), 1847. 

Repertory of Patent Inventions. 

Periodical Publications, p. 23. 

Western Review of Science and Invention. 

Periodical Publications, p. 26. 
See also Patents for Inventions. 

IRON. 

Application of Iron for defensive purposes, 1861-64. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 482. 

Art of working iron. Landrin (L.), 1829. 

Behaviour in great cold. K5pcke and Hartig, 1892. 

British and Foreign railway rates on Iron. 

British Iron Trade, 1885. 
Carbon, modifications of, in iron. Ledebur, 1893. 

Carbon and Silicon in Iron. Condition. Snelus (G. J.), 1870. 

Carburets (Iron), Electrical and Magnetic Properties of. 

Barus and Strouhal, 1885. 

Physical properties of. Barus and Strouhal, 1886. 

vol. I. 3 a 



362 IRON. 

IRON — continued. 

Changes in the internal structure of iron independent of and 

subsequent to manufacture. Hood, 1842. 

Chemical analysis of Iron. Blair (A. A.), 1888. 

Chemistry of Iron. Notes. Troilius (M.), 1886. 

Coke, preparation of, for the manufacture of cast iron. 

Crace-Calvert, 1852. 

Constructions in, execution of. Brandt, 1865; Cornu, 1887; 
DupuY DE Lome, 1843. Pattern Book. Sohrarowskt, 

1887-88. 

Material of Construction, 1872. Pole, 1872. 

Notes on Iron constructions. Rom and (A.), 1842. 

Corrosion. Irvine, 1891. 

Experiments upon the Action of Sea and River Water upon 

cast and wrought iron. Mallet (R.), 1839, '43. 

- Preservation of Iron in sea water. 

Becquerel (A. C), 1864. 

Railway bar corrosion. Mallet (R.), 1850. 

Electric resistance of iron and its alloys to high temperatures. 

Le Chatelier (H.), 1890. 

Experiments on the strength of rolled and forged iron. 

Lagerhjelm, 1827. 
Fabrication of Iron for defensive purposes. 

Barnard (J. G.), etc., 1871-2. 
Founder (Iron), art of moulding. Bolland, 1893. 

Furnaces, forges, and rolling mills of the United States. 

Lesley, 1866. 
Girders. See Girders. 

History, properties and processes. Fairbairn, 1861, 1869, p. 402. 

Homogeneous Iron, production of, in large masses. 

Pbndred (7.), 1870. 

Improvements in the manufacture of iron. Larkin (J.), 1869. 

Interest of Great Britain in supplying herself with iron. 

Anonymous, p. 47. 
Invention of grooved rollers for the manufacture of bar iron. 

Mushet (D.), 1855. 

Iron : Journal of Science, etc. Periodical Publications, p. 17. 

Iron and its derivatives rendered inoxidisable by the electric 
current. Mbritbns, 1886. 

Iron in all Lands. Pechar (J.), 1878. 

Iron Economics. Skelton (H. J.), 1891. 

Iron merchants' guids and assistant. 

BuRLlNSON and Simpson, 1865. 

Iron-Minium, Manufactory of, situate in Anderghem, near 
Brussels. Cartier, 1860. 

"Iron question" vindicated. Anonymous, 1857, p. 47. 



iBOif. 363 

IRON — continued. 

Iron and heat. Abmoub, 1874. 

Iron century. Schweigeb-Lebchenfeld, 1884. 

Ironwork. Baude, 1829. 

Ironwork and retaining-walls. Smith (Chas. G.), 1875. 

Practical designs of Structural Ironwork. 

Adams (H.), 1894. Add. 479. 

Employment of Ironwork in building construction. 

BuBN (R. S.), 1874. 

Handbook. Appleby Bbothbbs, 1869, 1877. 

Iron, work in. Handysidb (A.) and Co., 1868. Add. 505. 

Magnetic and other physical properties of Iron at a high tem- 
perature. HoPKiNSON ^J.), 1889. 
Magnetization of. Hopkinbon (J.), 1885. 

Electro-chemical effects on. Andbews (T.), 1887-91. 

Different Magnetic Properties of hot-rolled and cold-rolled 

MaUeable Iron. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1862, p. 19. 

Malleable. Mabtens, 1887. Practice and theory. Wedding, 

1875. 

" Manufacture of, with special reference to the Richardson 

process. Day (St. J. V.), 1868. 

Manufacture of Iron. Aivsiaux and Masion, 1865 ; 

CouAiLHAC, 1860; Ovebman, 1854. 

Use of Anthracite. , Johnson (W. R.), 1841. 

Crane's patent for the combined use of hot air, blast, and 

anthracite. Rowland (D.), 1842. 

Method <rf improving the Art in Tuscany. Cini, 1849. 

Means of extending the use of Iron* Belqiv^, 1880, p. 116. 

Melting of. Kibk (E.), 1878. 

MetaUum Martis. Dudley (D.). 

Metallurgy of. Bauebman, 1868, 1874, 1882, 1890 ; Beckebt, 
1885; Day (St. J. V.), 1868; Jobdan (S.), 1881; Jullibn 
(C. E.), 1861 ; Kabsten, 1830; Ledebub, 1884; Pebcy (J.), 

1864 ; Saint-An6e (W. de), 1835-8. 
Molecular Changes produced in Iron by variations of Temperature. 

Thubston (R. H.), 1873, p. 310. 
Morewood and Rogers' Patent Galvanised Tinned Iron. 

MOBEWOOD, 1846. 

Oxidation oi. Iron. Cbaoe-Calvebt, 1872. 

Puddling. Bayus, 1866; Siemens (Sir W.), 1868, p. 198. 

by machinery. Various plans as a means to effect. 

Yates (W.), 1868. 

Mechanical Puddling. Nubsey, 1874. 

Properties of Puddled Iron, ingot iron and steel for 

constructive purposes. Adamson (D.), 1875. 

" Treatise on Iron up to the manufacture of puddled bars. 

RoGEBS (S. B.), 1858. 



'364 IRON. 

IRON — continued. 

Railway Iron. Monthly report of exports. 

Richardson (W. W.), 1882-3. 
Rolled, real value of, for free trade. Cort (H.), 1860. 

Roll-turning for the manufacture of Iron. Tunner (P.), 1869. 

Rolling of Iron. Practical Treatise. Nbvbu and Henry, 1881. 

Salisbury Iron : its composition, qualities, and uses. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1878, p. 311. 
Sections of English Rolled Iron joists. Moser and Sons, 1885. 

Separation of Iron from other metals. 

Herschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1821. 
Separation of Oxide of iron. Herschel, 1832, p. 51. 

Spectrums of. Gases and Vapours evolved on heating iron and 
other metals. Parry (J.), 1885. 

Suggestions to Iron-masters on increasing the demand for iron. 

Mackelcan, 1843. 

Tables showing the weight of different lengths of round, square, 

flat, bar and cast, Iron. Penn (S.) and Ryberg, 1886. 

Tabulated weights of angle, tee, bulb, beam, round, square, and 
flat iron. Jordan (C. H.), 1870, '85. 

Treatment of roasted pyrites by the Longmaid and Claudet 
processes for the extraction of gold and silver. 

Egleston, 1885. 
Use of Iron by the Ancients. Day (St. J. V.), 1871, 73 ; 

Ritchie (R.), 1852. 
Uses in the Naval Service, 1867. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 482. 

Austrian Empire. Manufacture of Iron in the. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1865, p. 119. 
Canada. Production and manufacture in Canada. 

Bartlett (J. H.), 1885. 

Dudley, Ironwork manufactured by the Oak Farm Iron Company, 

near. Boydell (J.), jun., 1843. 

Germany. Pig Iron made in. Schlinte (J.), 1880. 

Great Britain, manufacture of Iron in. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1867, p. 120. 

Iron manufactures in Great Britain. Thurston (R. H.), 

1871, p. 309; Truran (W.), 1862. 
India. Manufacture by private enterprise. Molesworth, 1882.- 

Liege. Manufacture. Franquoy, 1861. 

Russia. Manufacture of Russian Sheet Iron. Percy (J.), 1871. 
Sweden, Manufacture in (English and German). Akerman, 1873. 
Swedish Iron experiments. Dellwik, 1878. 

United States, Manufacture of the, compared with that of Great 
Britain. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1877, p. 120. 

Iron Manufacture in all ages and particularly in U.S.A. for 

300 years from 1685-1885. Swank (J. M.), 1884. 



IRON ORES — IRON TRADE. 365 

« 

IRON ORES. 

Iron and Iron Ores. Hunt (T. S.), 1870. 

Iron ores and process of manufacture. Fordycb, 1860. 

roasting. Akerman, 1879, '80 ; Birkinbinb, 1883. 

Catamarca. Ktle, 1873. 

Cornwall, Spathic Iron Ores of. Roebuck (W. R.), 1874. 

Cerro de Mercado (Iron Mountain) at Durango, Mexico. 

Birkinbine, 1883. 
Cumberland, Haematite ores of. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1844, p. 401. 

Dielette, near Cherbourg, Magnetic Iron Ore at. 

Richardson (Joshua), 1866. 

Great Britain. Geological Survey, 1856-61. 

Himalayas. India, p. 121. 

Kumaon, 1855. India, p. 122. 

Madras Presidency, 1855. India, p. 123. 

Missouri. Report, 1872. Missouri. 

NflBverhaugen, Norway, Iron Ore Deposits at. Nordenpelt, 1876. 

Northampton Iron Ore district. Butlin, 1880. 

Nova Scotia Report, 1856. Nova Scotia. 

Coals and Iron Ores of Picton county. Hartley (E.), 1870. 

Penokee, U. S., iron-bearing series of Michigan and Wisconsin. 

Irving (R. D.), and Van Hise, 1892. Add. 511. 

Samakoff, Turkey properties. Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1844, p. 401. 
Scandinavia. Head (J.), 1894. 

Spain, the Asturias. Forster, Cooper and Jamieson, 1843. 

United States. Iron ores of the " great vein " region. 

Riley (J. B.), 1873. 

IRON PLATES. 

Calculated weights of Iron plates. Burlinson and Simpson, 1865. 

Properties of Essen and Yorkshire wrought-iron plates. 

KiRKALDY (D.), 1875. 

Resistance of Iron Plates to impact. Grace y, 1863 ; 

Gracey, 1863. Add. 503. 

Sheet Iron and Boiler Plate Roller. Perkins and Stowe, 1867. 
IRON SMELTING. See Blast Furnaces. 

IRON TRADE. Huppeld, 1875. 

Colliery Guardian and Journal of the Coal and Iron Trade. 

Periodical Publications, p. 13. 

Dispute in Iron Trade. Freeman, 1864. 

History. Scrivenor (H.), 1841, 1854. 



366 IRON THADK — IRON. 

IRON TRADE— continued. 

Industries (guns, nails, locks, hinges, etc.) 

Bevan (G. p.). Industries, vol. 3. 

Our Foreign Competitors in the. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1868, p. 120. 

Potts' Mining Register and Directory for the Ironstone Trades. 

Periodical Publications, p. 21. 

Birmingham, Alabama. Iron Industry. Kent, 1892. 

Cleveland. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1878, p. 119 ; Gjers, 1875. 

Cumberland (West). Archaeology. Fletcher, 1880. 

Fort Payne Coal and Iron Company. Fort Payne, 1888. 

Germany, Iron Industry of. Wedding (H.), 1880. 

Great Britain, Manufacture of Iron in. Wilkie (G.), 1857. 

Madras Presidency. Handbook. India, p. 102. 

Maryland Coal and Iron Company. Extracts from a report made 
to it. SiLLiMAN (B.) and Sons, 1839. 

Ohio (Southern). Hunt (T. S.), 1881. 

Punjab, 1859, '83. India, p. 129. 

Scotland, Iron Trade of. Rowan (F. J.), 1885. 

United Kingdom, production. Fossick, 1886 ; Meade, 1879. 

British Iron Trade Association. British Iron Trade, 1877-90. 

Iron industry in England. Siemens (Sir W.), 1878, p. 198. 

Great Britain. Griffiths (S.), 1873. 

United States, history, 1621 to 1857. French (B. F.) 

Resources. Pumpelly, 1880. 

Iron working industry. Trasenster (P.), 1885. 

IRON (Cast). 

Application of Cast and Wrought Iron to building purposes. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1854, p. 402. 
Application of Hot-Blast in the Manufacture of. 

Clark (Dr. T.), 1835. 
Constituents. Turner (Tho.), 1886. 

Dimensions of Cast Iron at various temperatures. 

Millar (W. J.), 1881-82. 
Experiments at Milton Iron- Works. Cast and Malleable Iron. 

MusHET, 1843. 
Experiments on its strength. York (J. O.), 1832. 

Increased strength produced by the use of improved coke. 

Crace-Calvert, 1855. 
Manufacture. Flachat, Barrault and Petiet, 1842-46 ; 

GUBNYVEAU, 1835. 

Mixtures of Cast iron and nickel, properties. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1858, p. 402. 
Pig Iron. Ledebur, 1879. 



IRON — IRON AND STEEL. 367 

IRON (Cast) — continued. 

Pig Iron. Preliminary treatment of the materials used in the 
manufacture of Pig Iron in the Cleveland district. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1871, p. 120. 

Properties of Cast Iron and other Metals. Millar (W. J.), 1886. 

Treatment. Heaton, 1869. 

IRON (Wrought). 

Art of tempering Wrought Iron. Reaumur, 1722. App. 573. 

United States. Report of the Committees on Malleable Iron, 
re-heating and re-rolling Wrought Iron (strength of wrought 
iron in bars and chains). United States, 1878, p. 351. 

IRON AND STEEL. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 1 ; 

Greenwood (W. H.), 1884, '91 ; W5hler (A.), 1870. 

American Iron and Steel Association. 

American Iron and Steel Association. 

Antiquity. Day (St. J. V.), 1874. Prehistoric use. Day, 1877. 

Brand Book of British Iron and Steel. Griffiths (H. W.), 1883. 

Burning. Ledebur, 1883. 

Constructions. Considbre, 1885-6. 

Conversion of Forged Iron into Steel. 

Reaumur, 1722. App. 573. 

Converting Iron into Steel. Softening Cast Iron. 

Reaumur (R. A. F. de), 1722. App. 573. 
Corrosion. Davis (T. H.), 1886. 

Different processes of manufacture. Couailhao, 1860. 

Economic and social relations of production. Paris, p. 456. 

Elasticity, extensibility, and tensile strength. Styffe (K.), 1869. 
Engineering as applicable to Iron and Steel. Nathan, 1 883. 

Essay on American Sand Iron, and Iron Ore, with methods of 
reducing into Pig or Sow Iron, and then into Bar Iron. 

Horne (H.), 1773. App. 562. 
Essays. Horne, 1773. 

Estimation of Manganese in, by the Colour Method. 

Hunt (A. E.), 1886. 

Manganese, Carbon and Phosphorus in Iron and Steel. 

Hunt (A. E.) and Clapp, 1885. Add. 509. 
Forge, Foundry, Factory and Office. Hoare, 1876. 

Formation of bars. Petzholdt (A.), 1874. 

Galvanic action between wrought iron, cast metals and various 
steels during long exposure in Sea Water. 

Andrews (T.), 1875. 
Hydrogen and Nitrogen in. Mijller (F. C. G.), 1881. 

Industries in foreign countries. Forbes (D.), 1873 ; 

Iron and Steel Inst., 1878. 



368 IRON AND STEEL. 

IRON AND STEEL— continued. 

Influence of temperature on the mechanical properties. 

Lb Chatelier (A.), 1889. 

Information and tables relating to the use of Wrought Iron and 
Steel. Carnegie, Phipps and Co. 

Letters Patent for Improvements in the manufacture. 

Bessemer, 1857, 1886. 

Letters Patent for Improvements in shaping, pressing and rolling 
malleable. Bessemer, 1856. 

Manufacture. Kohn, 1873. Cantor Lectures. 

Williams (W. M.), 1876. 

Manufacture of Steel and Ingot Iron from Phosphoric Pig Iron. 

Thomas (S. G.) and Gilchrist, 1882. 

Iron Ore Producers at Cresson, 1882. 

Iron and Steel Inst. 

Mechanical, etc., properties of, in connection with their Chemical 
Composition. Vosmaer (A.), 1891. 

Metallurgy, with special reference to American materials and 
processes. Osborn, 1869. 

National Convention of Iron and Steel Manufacturers and 
Iron Ore Producers. Proceedings, 1882. 

National Convention. 

New method of casting. Dormoy, 1871. 

Papers on. Mushet (D.), 1848. 

Passive state of Iron and Steel. Andrews (T.), 1890-91. 

Principles of the Manufacture of. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1884, p. 120. 

Puddling Iron and Steel, guide for. Urbin (E.), 1868. 

Relative corrosion of. Phillips (D.), 1890. 

Relative electro-chemical positions of wrought iron, steels, cast 
metal, etc., in Sea Water and other solutions. 

Andrews (T.), 1887. 

Resistance and other properties. Love (G. H.), 1859. 

Specifications of Improvements in the Manufacture. 

MusHET (R.), 1857. 
Steam and water-power used in the manufacture. 

Hollerith, 1888. 

Strength and determination of dimensions and stability. Iron 
and Steel Constructions. Weyrauch (J. J.), 1877, '88. 

Tensile Strength of American and English Iron and Steel. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1872. 

Theoretical and Practical Treatise on the manufacture. 

Valerius (B. and H.), 1875. 
Trade. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1886, p. 119. 

Transformation of Iron into Steel, by cementation. 

Boussinqault, 1875. 



IRON AND STEEL — IRRIGATION. 369 

IRON AND STEmj— continued. 

Treatment of manufactured Iron and Steel for constructional 
purposes. How (W. R), 1893. Add. 508. 

Weight exported. Fossick, 1886. 

Welding Cast Steel. Case of Mr. Heath, Inventor and intro- 
ducer of the Manufacture of Welding Cast Steel from 
British Iron. Webster (Thomas), Q.C., 1806. 

Wliitworth. Improvements in Casting Iron and Steel. Minutes 
of evidence taken in the matter of the prolongation of 
Whitworth's patent, 1879. Whitworth (Sir J.). 

■ ' Whitworth's Patent for Fluid-compressed Steel. Hearing 
of Sir J. Whitworth's Petition for a Prolongation. 

Whitworth (Sir J.), 1879. 
Madras Presidency, 1855. Manufacture. India, p. 123. 

United States, Industries of the. Colquhoun (W.), 1892. 

Iron and Steel Production Statistics. Swank (J. M.), 1883. 

United States Board appointed to test Iron and Steel and 

other metalsi Report. United States, 1878-81, p. 351. 

IRONWORKS. Durre, 1882; Jonstorpp, 1885; Kerpely, 

1866-87; Styppe, 1868. Management of Iron Foundries. 

DtjRRB, 1892. 
Creusot Works. Schneider (H.) and Co. 

France. Comity des Forges de France. Comit^, 1865, etc. 

Grosmont. New Works. Coulthard, 1863. 

India. Kumaon Government Ironworks, 1859. India, p. 121. 
Languin. Survey and Estimate of the proposed Ironworks. 

Manby (E. O. and J.), 1841. 
Park Gate Iron and Steel Works. Description. 

Rotherham, 1890. 

Sweden. Ahrenberg, 1864. Ironworks, Mines, etc., province of 

Orebro. Blackwell (J. H.), 1864. 

United States. American Iron and Steel Assoc, 1878-88 ; 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 119. 

Saugus Ironworks at Lynn, Mass., etc. 

Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1892. 
Wendel's Ironworks, Quality of products. Tetbiajer, 1875. 

IRRIGATION. BuppoN (N. de), 1843 ; Cossiony, 1874 , Culcheth, 

1886; Donald (J.), 1861. Add. 497. Mullins, 1890; 

RoNNA (A.), 1888-9 ; Villeroy (F.) and Muller, 1860. 

Artificial Reservoirs for Rain Water, for the Irrigation of Land 

deficient in running water. Carena (G.), 1869. Add. 490. 

Embanking, draining, and tilling land in tropical and other 

countries. Gibbs (Joseph), 1862. 

Engineering (Irrigation). Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '93. 

VOL. I. 3 b 



370 IBRIOATION. 

IRRIGATION— con/tniiec^. 

Irrigation Canals and other Irrigation Works. Flynn, 1892. 

Irrigation Works. THOMASONCivil Engineering Coll., 1862-4. 

Practical Irrigator and Drainer. 

Stephens (G^rge), Land Drainer, 1834. 

National Irrigation; or, the various methods of watering 

meadows, etc. Tatham (W.), 1801. 

Notes on Continental Irrigation. Roth (H. L.), 1882. 

Management of Waters. Cotard, 1888. 
Peat Bogs. Their Irrigation. Smith (William), Engineer, 1806. 

Political Economy of Irrigation. Tatham (W.), 1799. 

Prodnctiveness. Forchheimer, 1886. 

Societies for Irrigation. Rabbeno, 1878. 

Vocabulary of terms peculiar to French and Italian Irrigation 
Works. BuPFON (N. de), 1869. Add. 489. 

Water. Application of drainage water as a motive power to 
machinery for agricultural purposes. 

Wi;,LiAMS (E. L.), senr., 1849. 

— — Irrigation and water supply. Scott (J.), 1883. 

Quantity of water consumed. Culcheth, 1882. 

■ Use of water in Agriculture. Pareto, 1851. 

- Water supply for Irrigation. Newell, 1894. 
Wind Power, use of, for Irrigation. Brownlow (H. A.), 1877. 
America (Central), Irrigation in. Victoria, 1885, p. 379. 
Australia. Australian Irrigation Colonies Monthly Newspaper. 

Periodical Publications, p. 12. 

' Australian Irrigation Colonies on the River Murray, in 

Victoria and South Australia. Vincent (J. E. M.), 1888. 

•— American and Australian. Gordon (G.), 1885. 

India, lessons for Australia. Culcheth, 1891. 

Australia Irrigation works. Culcheth, 1891. 

■ Victoria. Deakin, 1886. 

Victoria, Reports on the supply of water to the Northern 

Plains Irrigation. Victoria, 1882-4, p. 376. 

Victoria Irrigation Reports. Victoria, 1886, p. 376. 

Western Australia. Deakin, 1885. 

Burma, British. Irrawaddy Circle Works. Gordon (R.), 1883. 

Caucasus Irrigation Canals. Ghercevanoff, 1890. 

Cowal Lake. Irrigation pumping plant. Donkin (J. B.). 

Egypt. Barois, 1887 ; Buckley (R. B.), 1893 ; 

WiLLCOCKS (W.), 1889. 

Administration of the Irrigation Department, 1892, etc. 

Garstin. 

Reports of the Administration for 1886-92. Egypt, p. 384 ; 

Ross (Lt.-Col. J. C), 1890-92; Scott-Moncrieff (Sir 

C. C), 1868. 



IRRIGATION. 371 

IRRIGATION— conhwtted. 

Egypt. The Fayum and Lake Moeris. Brown (R, H.), 1892. 

Perennial Irrigation and Flood Protection. 

Egypt, 1894 ; Willcocks (W.), 1894. 

Lower Egypt. Egypt, 1856. 

Notes on the Distribution of Water and maintenance of 

works in the basin system of Upper Egypt. 

Ross (Lt.-Col. J. C), 1892. 

France, Italy, and Spain, Development in. California, 1886. 

—— Irrigation works of France, Spain, Italy. Report of a tour 

of inspection. Scott-Moncribff (Sir C. C), 1868. 

French and Italian Irrigation Laws. Vincent (C), 1881. 

Southern France and Italy, Report of a tour of inspection 

of Irrigation works in. Vincent (C), 1882. 

Bouches du Rhone. Barral, 1876-78. 

Pyr6nees-0rientales. Irrigation Canals. Passa, 1822. 

Vaucluse. Barral, 1877. 

India. Buckley (R. B.), 1880, 1893 ; Cotton (Sir A.), 1875 ; 

Deakin, 1893; Elwes, 1869. Benefits. Oldham (R. A.). 
Financial aspects. Oliver (E. E.) ; Rundall (F. H.), 1876 ; 

Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '91. 

Canals of Irrigation, 1853. India, p. 102. 

Irrigation as a prevention of Famine. Dacosta, 1878. 

Formation of reservoirs in Indian rivers to provide 

irrigation. Applegarth, 1881. 

Irrigation in Southern India. Works constructed on the 

Rivers Cauvery, Elistnah, and Godavery. 

Smith (Col. Richard B.), 1856. 

Irrigation in Upper India. McKinney, 1883. 

Irrigation Works, 1861-70, 1865, 1889. India, p. 102. 

I - Periodical measurement of Irrigated Lands, 1865. 

j India., p. 102. 

Agra district from the Ootunghun River, 1853. 

India, p. 109. 

Bahawalpur Canal Irrigation. Report, 1875-76. 

India, p. 110. 

Bengal Presidency. 

Grey (L. J. H.), 1875 ; Odling (C. W.), 1893. 

Irrigation in Bengal, 1861, 1883-84. India, p. 110. 

Bengal Irrigation Canals. Odling (C. W.), 1893. 

Bombay. Irrigation Projects Tank at Ekrookh, near 

Singapore, 1866. Indli, p. 112. 

Bhatodee Tank, 1867. India, p. 112. 

Lakh Project, 1866. India, p. 112. 

Ceylon. Reports, 1867-82, 1888, etc., 1890. India, p. 1X8^ 

Deccan and Southern Maratha Country. India, d» UL 



"yj 



372 IBRIGATION. 

IRBlGATION—continued. 

India. Godavari, Kistna and Gauvery Delta and Penner Anient 
Systems, 1883. India, p. 123. 

Madras Irrigation Company. Report and Correspondence, 

1860, 72. India, p. 123. 

Madras. Improvement of Works, 1867. India, p. 123. 

Reports, 1866-69. India, p. 123. 



Maratha (Southern) Country, 1866. India, p. 126. 

Maynee Project in Khuttaw Talooka, 1867. India, p. 126. 

North Western Provinces. Irrigation Revenue Reports, 

1870-71, etc. India, p. 127. 

■ Irrigation Expenses, N.W, Provinces, 1856. 

India, p. 127. 

Periar Irrigation Project, 1886. India, p. 128. 

Pishin Valley. Pishin V., 1890. 

' Punjab. Proposed scheme, 1865. India, p. 129. 

Irrigation Branch of Public Works Department, 

1872-81. India, p. 129. 

Sind. Irrigation Revenue Report, 1892-93. India, p. 131. 

Sketch of Irrigation, with proposal for its improvement, 

1855. India, p. 131. 

Travancore. Pandian Caul Head Works. Hobsley, 1885. 

Zhara Karez Irrigation Scheme. Bbluchistan, 1887. 

Italy. Pabeto, 1865. 

Irrigation Canals of Northern Italy. 

BuFPON (N. de), 1861. 

— ^ — Lombardy. Bbuschetti, 1847. 

Italian Irrigation. Agricultural canals of Piedmont and 

Lombardy. Smith (Col. Richard B.), 1855. 

Marchfeld Project. Podhagsky, 1877. 

Madrid, Fields of, with the waters of the river Lozoya. 

RiBEBA, 1866. 

Milan. Bbuschetti ; Bebba, 1822. 

Portugal Rice Fields, Irrigation of. 

Andbade Corvo (J. de), 1869. Add. 480. 
Prairies. Kbblhoff, 1856, 1888. 

Spain. Aymabd, 1864. Passa, 1823 ; Robebts (J. P.), 1867. 
Sunday River Estate Irrigation Works. Plan. 

Spindleb (H. L.), 1885. 
Tragowel Plains Irrigation and Water Supply Trust. Chairman's 
Quarterly Report. Tbagowel, 1887. 

United States. American Irrigation Engineering. 

Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '91, '94. 

Arid regions. Newell, 1893. 

Irrigation. United States, p. 349. 



IRRIGATION — IVORY. 373 

IRRIGATION— con^tntterf. 

United States. Inyestigation by the State Engineering Depart- 
ment. Hall (W. H.) and Perkins, 1882. 

In the Arid West. Hinton, 1888. 

California's great inland valleys. Necessity for Irrigation 

in. Wright (J. W. A.), 1875. 

^ Reclamation of arid lands by California. California, 1889. 

Southern California. California, 1886. 

Tulare Irrigation District, California. Reports on the 

projected works. Tulare District, 1890. 

Irrigation problem in Montana. Wilson (H. M.), 1889. 

West Indies. Yere district of the parish of Clarendon, Jamaica. 

Cox (J. N.), 1879. 

IVORY. South and East Africa. Ingram (J. F.), 1889. 



374 JETTIES — ^JDTB. 



J. 

JETTIES. 

Advantages of employing a Frame- Work of Malleable Iron in the 
construction of Jetties. Vetch (J.), 1841. 

Jetties for improving Estuaries. Haupt (L. M.), 1888. 
Training Jetties. Construction. Shellsheab (W.), 1886. 
Australia (South) Ocean Steamer Jetty. Correspondence relating 
to. South Australia, 1878, p. 227. 
Report of Engineer. South Australia, 1878, p. 227. 

— ^— Queensland. Proposed Jetty at Townsville. 

TOWNSVILLB, 1875. 

Cumberland Sound. Jetty system as applied to the channel of 
entrance. Report. Gillmore (Q. A.), 1876* 

United States. Mississippi, Jetties at the mouth of the. 
CoBTHELL, 1880 ; PoBT St. PhiUp, 1874 ; Eads, 1876, 1879. 

' Acts of Congress relating to South Pass Jetties, 1875. 

Mississippi. Add. 521. 

■ South Pass Jetties. Amebioan Soc. of Civ. Eng., 1886. 
River and harbour hydraulics. Cobthell, 1884-86. 

JEWELLERY. Bevan (G. P.) Industries, vol. 11. 

JOINERY, doors and windows. Clayton (A. G.), 1883. 

JOINT STOCK COMPANIES. 

Law and Practice. Cox (E. W.), 1856 ; Wobdswobth (C. P. P.), 

1845. 

Limited liability Act. Wobdswobth (C. F. F.), 1856. 

JUTE. Pfuhl, 1891. 



KILNS — KKOWLEDOB. 375 



K. 

KILNS (Cement). Dietzsch Kiln for the continuous burning of 
Cement, Limestone and other materials. 

Trechmann (C. O.), 1887. 

KILNS (Gas). Dunnachie continuous Regenerative Gas Kiln for 
burning Fire-brick pottery. Egleston, 1886. 

KINEMATICS. Bubmester, 1888. Add. 489 ; Clifford (W. K.), 

1878 ; DwBLSHAUVERS-Dery, 1866 ; Perigal (H.), 1849. 
Kinematic effects of Revolution and Rotation. 

Perigal (H.), 1850. 
Kinematics of Mechanism. A new graphic analysis. 

Smith (Robert H.), 1885. 

Kinetics. Morix, 1861. 

Modification of motion. MaoCord, 1883. 

Transformation of a Kinematic Curve. Perigal (H.), 1846-49. 

KNOWLEDGE, Pursuit of, under difficulties. 

Anonymous, 1830, p. 53. 
Tables of indications of Human Knowledge. 

Anonymous, 1850/ p. 45. 



366 IRON TRADE — IRON. 

IRON TRADIBI— continued. 

Industries (guns, nails, locks, hinges, etc.) 

Bevan (G. p.). Industries, vol. 3. 

Our Foreign Competitors in the. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1868, p. 120. 

Potts' Mining Register and Directory for the Ironstone Trades. 

Periodical Publications, p. 21. 

Birmingham, Alabama. Iron Industry. Kent, 1892. 

Cleveland. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1878, p. 119 ; Gjers, 1875. 

Cumberland (West). Archaeology. Fletcher, 1880. 

Fort Payne Coal and Iron Company. Fort Payne, 1888. 

Germany, Iron Industry of. Wedding (H.), 1880. 

Great Britain, Manufacture of Iron in. Wilkie (G.), 1857. 

Madras Presidency. Handbook. India, p. 102. 

Maryland Coal and Iron Company. Extracts from a report made 
to it. SiLLiMAN (B.) and Sons, 1839. 

Ohio (Southern). Hunt (T. S.), 1881. 

Punjab, 1859, '83. India, p. 129. 

Scotland, Iron Trade of. Rowan (F. J.), 1885. 

United Kingdom, production. Fossick, 1886 ; Meade, 1879. 

British Iron Trade Association. British Iron Trade, 1877-90. 

Iron industry in England. Siemens (Sir W.), 1878, p. 198. 

Great Britain. Griffiths (S.), 1873. 

United States, history, 1621 to 1857. French (B. F.) 

Resources. Pumpblly, 1880. 

Iron working industry. Trasenster (P.), 1885. 

IRON (Cast). 

Application of Cast and Wrought Iron to building purposes. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1854, p. 402. 
Application of Hot-Blast in the Manufacture of. 

Clark (Dr. T.), 1835. 
Constituents. Turner (Tho.), 1886. 

Dimensions of Cast Iron at various temperatures. 

Millar (W. J.), 1881-82. 
Experiments at Milton Iron- Works. Cast and Malleable Iron. 

MusHET, 1843. 
Experiments on its strength. York (J. 0.), 1832. 

Increased strength produced by the use of improved coke. 

Crace-Calvert, 1855. 
Manufacture. Flachat, Barrault and Petiet, 1842-46 ; 

GUBNYVEAU, 1835. 

Mixtures of Cast iron and nickel, properties. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1858, p. 402. 
Pig Iron. Ledebur, 1879. 



IRON — IRON AND STEEL. 367 

IRON (Cast) — continued. 

Pig Iron. Preliminary treatment of the materials used in the 
manufacture of Pig Iron in the Cleveland district. 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1871, p. 120. 

Properties of Cast Iron and other Metals. Millar (W. J.), 1886. 
Treatment. Hbaton, 1869. 

IRON (Wrought). 

Art of tempering Wrought Iron. Reaumur, 1722. App. 573. 

United States. Report of the Committees on Malleable Iron, 
re-heating and re-rolling Wrought Iron (strength of wrought 
iron in bars and chains). United States, 1878, p. 351. 

IRON AND STEEL. Bevan (G. P.), Industries, vol. 1 ; 

Greenwood (W. H.), 1884, '91 ; Wohler (A.), 1870. 

American Iron and Steel Association. 

American Iron and Steel Association. 

Antiquity. Day (St. J. V.), 1874. Prehistoric use. Day, 1877. 

Brand Book of British Iron and Steel. Griffiths (H. W.), 1883. 

Burning. Ledebur, 1883. 

Constructions. Considers, 1885-6. 

Conversion of Forged Iron into Steel. 

Reaumur, 1722. App. 573. 

Converting Iron into Steel. Softening Cast Iron. 

Reaumur (R. A. F. de), 1722. App. 573. 
Corrosion, Davis (T. H.), 1886. 

Different processes of manufacture. Couailhac, 1860. 

Economic and social relations of production. Paris, p. 456. 

Elasticity, extensibility, and tensile strength. Stypfe (K.), 1869. 
Engineering as applicable to Iron and Steel. Nathan, 1 883. 

Essay on American Sand Iron, and Iron Ore, with methods of 
reducing into Pig or Sow Iron, and then into Bar Iron. 

HoRNE (H.), 1773. App. 562. 

Essays. Horne, 1773. 

Estimation of Manganese in, by the Colour Method. 

Hunt (A. E.), 1886. 

Manganese, Carbon and Phosphorus in Iron and Steel. 

Hunt (A. E.) and Clapp, 1885. Add. 509. 

Forge, Foundry, Factory and Office. Hoare, 1876. 

Formation of bars. Petzholdt (A.), 1874. 

Galvanic action between wrought iron, cast metals and various 

steels during long exposure in Sea Water. 

Andrews (T.), 1875. 
Hydrogen and Nitrogen in. Mitller (F. C. G.), 1881. 

Industries in foreign countries. Forbes (D.), 1873 ; 

Iron and Steel Inst., 1878. 



368 IBOS ASP STEEL. 

IRON AND STEEI^-eonitaseiL 

Tnflnence of temperstme on. the mechanica] properties. 

liE Chatelier (A.), 1889. 

Infomiatioa and tables rdating to the use of Wrou^t Iron and 
Steel. Cabxegib, Pmpps and Co. 

Letters Patent for ImproTements in the mannfactiire. 

Bkssemkb, 1857, 1886. 

Letters Patent for ImproTements in shaping, pressing and rolling 
maUeable. Bessemer, 1856. 

Manufacture. Kohn, 1873. Cantor Lectures. 

Williams (W. M.), 1876. 

Manufacture of Steel and Ingot Iron from Phosphoric Pig Iron. 

Thomas (S. G.) and Gilchrist, 1882. 

Iron Ore Producers at Cresson, 1882. 

Ibon and Steel Inst. 

Mechanical, etc., properties of, in connection with their Chemical 
Composition. Yosmaeb (A.), 1891. 

Metallurgy, with special reference to American materials and 
processes. Osbobn, 1869. 

National Convention of Iron and Steel Manufacturers and 
Iron Ore Producers. Proceedings, 1882. 

National Convention. 

New method of casting. Dormoy, 1871. 

Papers on. Mushet (D.), 1848. 

Passive state of Iron and Steel. Andrews (T.), 1890-91. 

Principles of the Manufacture of. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1884, p. 120. 

Puddling Iron and Steel, guide for. Urbin (E.), 1868. 

Belative corrosion of. Phillips (D.), 1890. 

Relative electro-chemical positions of wrought iron, steels, cast 
metal, etc., in Sea Water and other solutions. 

Andrews (T.), 1887. 
Resistance and other properties. Love (G. H.), 1859. 

Specifications of Improvements in the Manufacture. 

Mushet (R.), 1857. 
Steam and water-power used in the manufacture. 

Hollerith, 1888. 

Strength and determination of dimensions and stability. Iron 
and Steel Constructions. Weyrauch (J. J.), 1877, '88. 

Tensile Strength of American and English Iron and Steel. 

Thurston (R. H.), 1872. 
Theoretical and Practical Treatise on the manufacture. 

Valerius (B. and H.), 1875. 
Trade. Bell (Sir I. L.), 1886, p. 119. 

Transformation of Iron into Steel, by cementation. 

Boussinqault, 1875. 



IRON AND STEEL — IRRIGATION. 369 

IRON AND STEElr-'Continued. 

Treatment of manufactured Iron and Steel for constructional 
purposes. How (W. R), 1893. Add. 508. 

Weight exported. Fossick, 1886. 

Welding Cast Steel. Case of Mr. Heath, Inventor and intro- 
ducer of the Manufacture of Welding Cast Steel from 
British Iron. Webster (Thomas), Q.C., 1806. 

WliitwortL Improvements in Casting Iron and Steel. Minutes 
of evidence taken in the matter of the prolongation of 
Whitworth's patent, 1879. Whitworth (Sir J.). 

Whitworth's Patent for Muid-compressed Steel. Hearing 

of Sir J. Whitworth's Petition for a Prolongation. 

Whitworth (Sir J.), 1879. 
Madras Presidency, 1855. Manufacture. India, p. 123. 
United States, Industries of the. Colquhoun (W.), 1892. 
Iron and Steel Production Statistics. Swank (J. M.), 1883. 

United States Board appointed to test Iron and Steel and 

other metals* Report. United States, 1878-81, p. 351. 

IRONWORKS. DiJRRB, 1882; Jonstorpp, 1885; Kerpely, 

1866-87; Stypfe, 1868. Management of Iron Foundries. 

DiJRRB, 1892. 
Creusot Works. Schneider (H.) and Co. 

France. Comite des Forges de France. Comit^, 1865, etc. 

Grosmont. New Works. Coulthard, 1863. 

India. Kumaon Government Ironworks, 1859. India, p. 121. 
Languin. Survey and Estimate of the proposed Ironworks. 

Manby (E. O. and J.), 1841. 
Park Gate Iron and Steel Works. Description. 

ROTHERHAM, 1890. 

Sweden. Ahrenberg, 1864. Ironworks, Mines, etc., province of 

Orebro. Blacewell (J. H.), 1864. 

United States. American Iron and Steel Assoc, 1878-88 ; 

Bell (Sir I. L.), 1875, p. 119. 

Saugus Ironworks at Lynn, Mass., etc. 

Woodbury (C. J. H.), 1892. 
Wendel's Ironworks, Quality of products. Tetmajbr, 1875. 

IRRIGATION. Buppon (N. de), 1843; Cossigny, 1874, Cdlcheth, 
1886; Donald (J.), 1861. Add. 497. Mullins, 1890; 
RoNNA (A.), 1888-9; Villeroy (F.) and MuUer, 1860. 

Artificial Reservoirs for Rain Water, for the Irrigation of Land 
deficient in running water. C arena (G.), 1869. Add. 490. 

Embanking, draining, and tilling land in tropical and other 
countries. Gibbs (Joseph), 1862. 

Engineering (Irrigation). Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '93. 

VOL. I. 3 b 



370 IBBIOATION. 

IRRIGATIOI^— continued. 

Irrigation Canals and other Irrigation Works. Fltnk, 1892. 
Irrigation Works. Thomason Civil Engineering Coll., 1862-4. 

Practical Irrigator and Drainer. 

Stephens (George), Land Drainer, 1834. 

National Irrigation; or, the various methods of watering 

meadows, etc. Tatham (W.), 1801. 

Notes on Continental Irrigation. Roth (H. L.), 1882. 

Management of Waters. Cotard, 1888. 

Peat Bogs. Their Irrigation. Smith (William), Engineer, 1806. 
Political Economy of Irrigation. Tatham (W.), 1799. 

Productiveness. Fobchheimbb, 1886. 

Societies for Irrigation. Babbeno, 1878. 

Vocabulary of terms peculiar to French and Italian Irrigation 
Works. Bdpfon (N. de), 1869. Add. 489. 

Water. Application of drainage water as a motive power to 
machinery for agricultural purposes. 

Wii;,LiAMS (E. L.), senr., 1849. 

■ Irrigation and water supply. Scott (J.), 1883. 

Quantity of water consumed. Culcheth, 1882. 

■ Use of water in Agriculture. Pabeto, 1851. 

Water supply for Irrigation. Newell, 1894. 

Wind Power, use of, for Irrigation. Bbownlow (H. A.), 1877. 
America (Central), Irrigation in. Victobia, 1885, p. 379. 

Australia. Australian Irrigation Colonies Monthly Newspaper. 

Pebiodical Publications, p. 12. 

■ Australian Irrigation Colonies on the Biver Murray, in 

Victoria and South Australia. Vincent (J. E. M.), 1888. 

American and Australian. Gobdon (G.), 1885. 

India, lessons for Australia. Culcheth, 1891. 

- Australia Irrigation works. Culcheth, 1891. 

- Victoria. Deakin, 1886. 

- Victoria, Reports on the supply of water to the Northern 

Plains Irrigation. Victobia, 1882-4, p. 376. 

Victoria Irrigation Reports. Victobia, 1886, p. 376. 

Western Australia. Deakin, 1885. 

Burma, British. Irrawaddy Circle Works. Gobdon (R.), 1883. 
Caucasus Irrigation Canals. Ghebcevanoff, 1890. 

Cowal Lake. Irrigation pumping plant. Donkin (J. B.). 

Egypt. Babois, 1887 ; Buckley (R. B.), 1893 ; 

WiLLCOCKS (W.), 1889. 

Administration of the Irrigation Department, 1892, etc. 

Gabstin. 

Reports of the Administration for 1886-92. Egypt, p. 384 ; 

Ross (Lt.-Col. J. C), 1890-92; Scott-Moncbieff (Sir 

C. C), 1868. 



IRBIGATIOir. 371 

IRRIGATION— c(m/mtte<i. 

Egypt. The Fajum and Lake Moeris. Bbown (R. H.), 1892. 

Perennial Irrigation and Flood Protection. 

Egypt, 1894; Willcocks (W.), 1894. 

Lower Egypt. Egypt, 1856. 

Notes on the Distribution of Water and maintenance of 

works in the basin system of Upper Egypt. 

Ross (Lt.-CoL J. C), 1892. 

France, Italy, and Spain, Development in. Califobnia, 1886. 

Irrigation works of France, Spain, Italy. Report of a tour 

of inspection. Scott-Moncbieff (Sir C. C), 1868. 

- French and Italian Irrigation Laws. Vincent (C), 1881. 

Southern France and Italy. Report of a tour of inspection 

of Irrigation works in. Vincent (C), 1882. 

Bouches du Rhdne. Babbal, 1876-78. 

Pyrenees-Orientales. Irrigation Canals. Passa, 1822. 

Vaucluse. Babbal, 1877. 

India. Buckley (R. B.), 1880, 1893 ; Cotton (Sir A.), 1875 ; 

Deakin, 1893; Elwes, 1869. Benefits. Oldham (R. A.). 
Financial aspects. Oliyeb (E. E.); Rundall (F. H.), 1876 ; 

Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '91. 

Canals of Irrigation, 1853. India, p. 102. 

Irrigation as a preYention of Famine. Dacosta, 1878. 

Formation of reservoirs in Indian rivers to provide 

irrigation. Applegabth, 1881. 

Irrigation in Southern India. Works constructed on the 

Rivers Cauvery, Eistnah, and Godavery. 

Smith (Col. Richard B.), 1856. 

Irrigation in Upper India. McKinney, 1883. 

Irrigation Works, 1861-70, 1865, 1889. India, p. 102. 

Periodical measurement of Irrigated Lands, 1865. 

India, p. 102. 

Agra district from the Ootunghun River, 1853. 

India, p. 109. 

Bahawalpur Canal Irrigation. Report, 1875-76. 

India, p. 110. 

Bengal Presidency. 

Obey (L. J. H.), 1875 ; Odlinq (C. W.), 1893. 

Irrigation in Bengal, 1861, 1883-84. India, p. 110. 

Bengal Irrigation Canals. Odling (C. W.), 1893. 

Bombay. Irrigation Projects Tank at Ekrookh, near 

Singapore, 1866. India, p. 112. 

Bhatodee Tank, 1867. India, p. 112. 

Lakh Project, 1866. India, p. 112. 

Ceylon. Reports, 1867-82, 1888, etc., 1890. India, p. 115. 

Deccan and Southern Maratha Country. India, p. 117. 



372 IBBIGATION. 

IRRIGATION— confonwed. 

India. Grodavari, Elistna and Cauverj Delta and Penner Anient 
Systems, 1883. India, p. 123. 

— Madras Irrigation Company. Report and Correspondence, 
1860, 72. India, p. 123. 

Madras. Improvement of Works, 1867. India, p. 123. 

Reports, 1866-69. India, p. 123. 



Maratha (Southern) Country, 1866. India, p. 126. 

Maynee Project in Khuttaw Talooka, 1867. India, p. 126. 

North Western Provinces. Irrigation Revenue Reports, 
1870-71, etc. India, p. 127. 

Irrigation Expenses, N.W. Provinces, 1866. 

India, p. 127. 

Periar Irrigation Project, 1886. India, p. 128. 

Pishin VaUey. Pishin V., 1890. 

Punjab. Proposed scheme, 1865. India, p. 129. 

Irrigation Branch of Public Works Department, 

1872-81. India, p. 129. 

Sind. Irrigation Revenue Report, 1892-93. India, p. 131. 

Sketch of Irrigation, with proposal for its improvement, 

1855. India, p. 131. 

- Travancore. Pandian Caul Head Works. Hobsley, 1885. 

Zhara £[arez Irrigation Scheme. Beluohistan, 1887. 

Italy. Pabbto, 1865. 

Irrigation Canals of Northern Italy. 

BuppoN (N. de), 1861. 

Lombardy. Bbuschetti, 1847. 

Italian Irrigation. Agricultural canals of Piedmont and 

Lombardy. Smith (Col. Richard B.), 1855. 

Marchfeld Project. Podhagsky, 1877. 

Madrid, Fields of, with the waters of the river Lozoya. 

RiBEBA, 1866. 

Milan. Bbuschetti; Bbbba, 1822. 

Portugal Rice Fields, Irrigation of. 

Andbadb Corvo (J. de), 1869. Add. 480. 
Prairies. Kbklhopp, 1856, 1888. 

Spain. Aymabd, 1864. Passa, 1823 ; Robbbts (J. P.), 1867. 
Sunday River Estate Irrigation Works. Plan. 

Spindlbb (H. L.), 1885. 
Tragowel Plains Irrigation and Water Supply Trust. Chainhan's 
Quarterly Report. Tbagowbl, 1887. 

United States. Amencan Irrigation Engineering. 

Wilson (H. M.), 1890, '91, '94. 

Arid regions. Newell, 1893. 

Irrigation. United States, p. 349. 



IBBIGATION — IVOBY. 373 

IRBlGATlOHf— continued. 

United States. Investigation by the State Engineering Depart- 
ment. Hall (W. H.) and Perkins, 1882. 

In the Arid West. Hinton, 1888. 

California's great inland valleys. Necessity for Irrigation 

in. Wbight (J. W. A.), 1875. 

^ Beclamation of arid lands by California. Califobnia, 1889. 

Southern California. Califobnia, 1886. 

Tulare Irrigation District, California. Reports on the 

projected works. Tulabe District, 1890. 

Irrigation problem in Montana. Wilson (H. M.), 1889. 

West Indies. Yere district of the parish of Clarendon, Jamaica. 

Cox (J. N.), 1879. 

IVORY. South and East Africa. Ingbam (J. F.), 1889. 



384 LIGHT. 

LIGHT— continued. 

Experimental determination of velocity of white and coloured 
light. Young (J.) and Forbes, 1882. 

Experiments respecting. Young (Dr. T.), 1800. 

Formula for determining optical constants of doubly Refracting 
Crystals. Stokes (Sir G. G.), 1846. 

Intensity of Light in the neighbourhood of a Caustic. 

Airy (Sir G. B.), 1848, p. 23. 
Light and air, a text-book. Fletchbb (B.), 1886. 

Light and Colour. Lectures. Spice (R.), 1889. 

Light and heat throughout the universe. Darkness in Egypt. 

Feaseb (A. T.), 1885. 
Means of providing building with light and solar heat. 

Tb^lat (E.), 1887. 
Measurement of Light. Wybauw, 1885, '89. 

Nature of the Light in the two rays produced by the double 
refraction of Quartz. Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1831, p. 2U 

Nature and properties. Higgins (W. M.), 1829. 

New species of coloured fringes produced by the reflection of 
light between two plates of parallel glass of equal thickness. 

Bbewsteb, 1816. 
Newton's experiments of Diffraction, calculation of. 

Aiby (Sh- G. B.), 1833, p. 19. 
Newton's observations on the inflections of light. 

JoBDAN (C. W.), 1799, 1800. 
Phenomena. Hauksbee, 1709, '19. 

Refraction of rays of light. Gyldi^n, 1866. 

Remarks on Faraday's paper on Ray-vibrations. 

Aiby, 1846, p. 22. 
Researches on Light in its chemical relations. Hunt (R.), 1854. 
Spectrum of the Sun and Spectra of the Chemical elements. 

KiECHHOPP (G.), 1862-63. 
Steel for striking a light, and lucifer matches. Maigne, 1878. 

Superficial colour presented by a homogeneous liquid internally 
colourless. Hebschel (Sir J. F. W.), 1845. 

Theory of Light and Colours. Young (Dr. T.), 1802. 

Theory of Reflectors, and Application on CoUins's System. 

HOWABTH, 1879. 
Titano-Silicic Glass. Its optic properties. 

Stokes (Sir G. G.) and Hopkinson, 1875. 
Velocity of Light. Fobbes (G.), 1879. 

Verification of lenticular apparatus. Coenaglia, 1857. 

Waves of light. Corrections to the computed lengths. 

Aiby (Sir G. B.), 1871, p. 16. 
Wave Theory of Light. 

Lloyd (H.), 1857 ; Wbbeb (Wilhelm), 1892-94. 



LIGHT — LIGHTHOUSES. 385 

LIGHT (Artificial). 

Gras-illuminated Buoy. Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, 1879. 
Gas Buoys,. Lightships, Lighthouses, Lightboats, Steamboats, etc. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, 1881, 1885. 
Mineral OHs. Colin, 1870. 

Pintsch's Gas. Carriage lighting on Continental Railways. 

Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, 1880. 

Solid and Liquid Illuminating Agents. Field (L.), 1883. 

South Kensington Museum. Its lighting. 

South Kensington Museum, 1869. 

Treatise on Lighting. Peclet (E.), 1840. 

Use of a mixture of spirit of wine and camphine as a light for 
optical purposes. Children, 1847. 

LIGHT (Polarised). 

Effect of compression and dilatation in altering the polarising 
structure of doubly refracting crystals. Brewster, 1818. 

Laws which regulate the distribution of the polarising force in 
plates, tubes and cylinders of glass. Brewster, 1818. 

Lectures. Anonymous, 1843, p. 48 ; Pereira (J.), 1854 ; 

Spottiswoode (W.), 1879 ; Woodward (C), 1848. 

New Polarity of Light. Airy (Sir G. B.), 1840, p. 22. 

Polarisation and Inflection of Light. Lecount, 1836. 

Vibrations of Plane. Rankine (W. J. M.), 1850. 

LIGHTERING and Wrecking Company, New Orleans. Laws, 
Act, etc. New Orleans, 1867. 

LIGHTHOUSES. Adams (W. H. D.), 1878 ; Renard (L.), 1881 ; 
Ryder (Capt. A. P.), 1864; Stevenson (A.), 1840; 

Stevenson (D.), 1864; Stevenson (T.), 1882. 
Ancient and Modern. Heap (D. P.), 1889. 

Apparatus and Lighthouse Administration in 1894. 

Ken WARD (J.). Add. 513. 
Characteristics. Correspondence, 1880. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 
Construction and Illumination. Stevenson (T.), 1881. 

Description of a Patent Screw-pile Battery and Lighthouse, 1843. 

Mitchell (A.) and Son. 
Dues received and Expenditure incurred on Lighthouses abroad, 
1884-5, etc. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Estuaries and Rivers, more efficient lighting. 

Douglass (W. T.), 1893. 
Floating Lighthouse " Wandelaer." Boulvin, 1884. 

Floating and fixed Lighthouses. Stevenson (D.), 1856. 

Engineering, Lighthouse. Report. Barnard (J. G.), 1879. 

Establishment, Lighthouse. Johnson (A. B.), 1881. 

VOL. I. 3d 



386 LIGHTHOUSES. 

LIGHTHOUSES— con^tnweci. 

History, construction and illumination. Stevenson (A.), 1850. 
Improvements. Luiggi, 1893. 

Inspection of Local Lighthouses, buoys and beacons, 1885-87. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

Instructions to Surveyors concerning Lights and Fog Signals, 

1886. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

Management. Anonymous, 1861, p. 48. 

Lighthouse Revenues and Expenditure, 1839. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 
lighthouses and Beacons. Coulier, 1855, 1884-86. 

British Colonies. Gordon (A.), 1847, 1861. 

List of the Lighthouses of the World. Findlay (A. G.), 1879. 
Means by which a seaman may identify Lighthouses. 

GURNEY, 1864. 

Notes on their progress. Stevenson (D. A.), 1893. 

Sea Coasts of the World. Anonymous, 1884, p. 43. 

Specification for framing Lighthouses, piles, cylinders, &c. 

Douglass (Sir J. N.), 1864. 
Statistics. Babbage (C), 1853. 

Africa. Western Coasts, 1886. France, p. 437. 

America, Coasts and Lakes of British North America, 1853. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Eastern and Western Coasts of South America and Western 

Coast of North America, 1853. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Western Coasts, 1886. France, p. 437. 

(North). Eastern Coasts, 1886. France, p. 436. 

(South). Eastern Coasts, 1886. France, p. 437. 

Antilles, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Atlantic islands, 1886. France, p. 437. 

Australia (South). Lighthouses at Port Adelaide and off Cape 

Jaffa and on Troubridge Shoal. Plans, etc. 

South Australia, 1866, p. 228. 
Azov, Sea of, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Baltic Sea, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Belgian, Dutch, Hanoverian, Danish, Prussian, Russian, Swedish 
and Norwegian Lighthouses, 1854. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 
Bell Rock Lighthouse. An account of its erection. 

Stevenson (R.), 1824. 

Correspondence. Rennie (Sir J.) and Stevenson, 1849. 

Bermudas. Cast-iron Lighthouse Tower on Gibb's Hill. 

Paterson (P.), 1850. 
• Black Sea, 1886. Franx'e, p. 436. 



LIGHTHOUSES. 387 

LIGHTHOUSES— con^mwed. 

Brazil, coast of. Babroso, 1868. 

British Isles, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Ceylon. Proposed lights on the south-east coast. India, 1863. 
China, 1886. France, p. 437. 

Lighthouses, Light-vessels, Buoys and Beacons. 

China, 1872, etc. 

Sea-lighting of the entrance of the Yang-tsze river. 

Henderson (D. M.), 1869. 
Clyde Navigation. Report on River Lighthouses. 

Harvey (J.), 1860. 
Colonies (British) and Possessions, 1850. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, 483. 
Dunkirk. Dunkirk, 1874. 

Eckmuhl, Phare d', sur la pointe de Penmarc'h. 

Blocqueville, 1893. 
Eddystone Lighthouse, description of its construction. 

Smkaton (J.), 1793, p. 208. 

Letters and documents relating to. Weston (R. H.), 1811. 

Practicability of removing the Eddystone rocks instead of 

rebuilding the lighthouse. Eddystone, 1878. 

New and Old. Edwards (E. P.), 1882. 

New lighthouse. Douglass (Sir J. N.), 1884 ; 

Douglass (W. T.), 1885. 
Europe. Tour of inspection in 1873. Elliot (G. H.), 1874. 

North of, 1886. France, p. 436. 

France, 1855, 1876, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Lighthouses and Beacons. Reynauld (L.), 1883. 

French Lighthouses. Watson (William), 1892. 



■ Illumination and Beaconage of the Coast of France. 

Reynauld (L.), 1864, 1876. 

North and West Coast of France, Spain and Portugal, 1854. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 483. 

France, United States, and England. Relative expenditure 

on. Allard (E.), 1880. 

Galley Head Lighthouse. Report of Prof. Tyndall. 

Galley Head, 1879. 
Galley Head and Howth Bailey Lights. Henderson (J.), 1883. 

Godrevy Island in St. Ives Bay, erection of. 

GoDREVY Island, 1858. 
Goodwin and other sands. Proposed plan for a lighthouse on. 

WORTHINGTON (B.), 1840. 

Goodwin Sands. Refuge Beacon. Bullock (F.), 1842. 

India. List of Lighthouses and Light Vessels, including Red Sea 
and Coast of Arabia. India, p. 102. 

Construction of a Lighthouse on the Alguada Reef, 1858. 

India, p. 109. 



388 LIGHTHOUSES. 

LIGHTHOUSES— con^mwecZ. 

India. Oyster Reef Lighthouse, 1888. India, p. 128. 

Indian Seas, 1886. France, p. 437. 

Ireland. Irish Lighthouses. Copies of reports. 

Ireland, 1865-84. Add. 511. 

Report of Port of Dublin Corporation, 1864. 

Ireland, p. 141. 
Italy. Italy, p. 147. 

Lamlash. Suggestions for the alteration of its character. 

Lamlash, 1880. 
Maplin Sand. Lighthouse erected on Mitchell's screw piles. 

Redman (J. B.), 1849. 
Mediterranean, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Black Sea and Sea of Azof, 1853. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 483. 
Mexico, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Mumble's Head, co. Glamorgan. Bill, 1833. Mumble's Head. 

Poolbeg Lighthouse. Poolbeg, 1876. 

Portugal. Portugal, 1886. 

Red Sea, Turkish and Egyptian Lighting and Light Dues. 

HODGKINSON (G.), 1893. 
Queensland. Queensland, 1886, p. 71. 

Lighted Beacons and Floating Lights. 

Queensland, 1891, p. 71. 

Scotland. Institution and progress of Northern Lighthouses. 

Stevenson (R.), 1824. 

Prayer for the use of those employed in the Lighthouse 

service. Brunton (Rev. A.), 1820. 

Spain. Spain, pp. 234, 235. 

West Coast, 1886. France, p. 436. 

Suez Canal. Three Lighthouses destined for lighting the coast of 
Egypt. Suez Canal, 1869. 

Sunderland. Removal of the Lighthouse. 

Murray (John), 1844. 

Sweden, 1872-85. Sweden, p. 270. 

Tyne improvement. Report on the proposed abolition of Tyne- 
mouth light and the substitution in its stead of a light on 
Souter Point. Tyne River, 1870. 

Tynemouth. Farrer, 1870. 

United Kingdom. Review of Lighthouse Work and Economy, 
1837-87. Kenward, 1887, '91. 

British Islands, 1851-56. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Admiralty list of Lights, 1876. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 482. 
■ Coasts of Great Britain and Ireland, 1841-44. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 



LIGHTHOUSES. 389 

hlGWniOV^ES— continued. 

United Kingdom. British Lighthouse System. Letter. 

Stevenson (A.), 1833. 

British Lighthouse Chart-Key. Hardinge, 1874. 

British Pharos : or a list of the lighthouses of Great 

Britain and Ireland and description of the appearance 
of the lights by night. Stevenson (A.), 1831. 

Great Britain. Redman (J. B.), 1843. 

English and Scotch Lighthouse lanterns. 

Stevenson (D. & T.), 1868. 

Applications to Commissioners respecting Northern Light 

houses, 1851. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Report of Committee, 1834. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Reports from Select Committee, 1843-45, 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

United States. Lighthouses, beacons, and floating lights of the 
United States, 1853. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

■ Reports, Public Documents, Laws, <fec. 

United States, p. 350. 
West India Islands and adjacent coasts, 1853. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Lighthouses. West Indies, 1853. 

Wolf Rock. Bronze or cast-iron columnal Lighthouse. 

Brown (Sir S.), 1836. 
See also Beacons, Buoys, Sea Lights. 

LIGHTHOUSES (Illumination, General References). 

Apparatus, Luminous power of Lighthouse. Bourdelles, 1893. 

Apparatus of Lighthouses, optical properties of. 

RibiAre (C), 1894. Add. 530. 

Cathadioptric Zones, application of, to lights of the first order in 
the system of Fresnel. Stevenson (A.), 1840. 

Composition of the Lighthouse Illuminants Committee, 1883-4. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 
Condensing, Intermittent and Revolving Lights. 

Stevenson (T.), 1872. 

Correspondence on the characteristics of Lights, 1880. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 483. 

Correspondence on the last Return on the subject of Lighthouse 
Illuminants, 1893. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

Dioptric Lights, invention of, and introduction into Great 

Britain. Brewster, 1867. Memorial. Brewster, 1859. 

Reply to Brewster. Stevenson (D. & T.), 1859, '60. 

Dioptric lights and accessories. Chance Brothers, 1876, '86. 

" Fixed " and " Occulting " Optical Apparatus. 

Kenward, 1890, '92. 



390 LIGHTHOUSES. 

LIGHTHOUSES (Illumination, General References) — continued. 

Flashing (Group) Lights, 1874. Hopkinson (J.). 

Gas and Electric Light, comparison of, with optical apparatus of 
large dimensions. Lo Gatto, 1893. 

Gas compared with Electric Light for Lighthouses. 

WiGHAM (J. R.), 1881. 
Gas for Lighthouses. Tyndall (J.), 1883, p. 334. 

Gas Lighting. Pintsch's Patent Lighting Co., 1881, 1885. 

Proposal to substitute gas for oil, 1869-75. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 484. 

Holmes' Magneto-electric Light. Holmes (F. H.), 1862. 

Holophotal system of illuminating lighthouses ; a description of the 

light of maximum intensity. Stevenson (T.), 1851, '59, *61. 

Holophotal combination of several flames in one optical 

apparatus. Stevenson (T.), 1876. 

Illumination. Lighthouse Illuminants, 1887, '8, '9. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 
Illumination. Pigot, 1879. 

Different modes. Barlow (W. H.), 1837. 

Improvement in Lighthouse Lights. Wiqham (J. R.), 1893. 

Lanterns, 1870. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

- Comparative advantages of the Lighthouse Lanterns adopted 
by the Trinity House and the Commissioners of Northern 
Lighthouses, 1868. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

Lens, Giant Lighthouse Lens : quadrilateral arrangement, etc. 

Wigham (J. R.), 1893. 

Hyper-radial and other recent Lenses. Ken ward, 1889. 

Proposed spherico-cylindric and double cylindric lenses. 

Stevenson (T.), 1855. 

Report to the Committee of the Commissioners of Northern 

Lights on the illumination of lighthouses by means of lenses. 

Stevenson (A.), 1835. 
New form of intermittent Light. Stevenson (R. L.), 1871. 

New system of lighting lighthouses. Fresnel (A. J.), 1822, p. 558. 
Oil. Proposals to substitute Mineral Oils for Colza Oil, 1871-74. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 

Return of Lighthouses and Light Vessels where mineral 

oil is substituted for Colza, 1875. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 484. 
Revolving lights. Application of the principal of total reflexion. 

Stevenson (T.), 1855, '56, p. 254-5. 
Ventilation of Lighthouse lamps. Faraday (M.), 1843. 

Visibility of Lights in rapid motion. Experiments made with a view 
to the improvement of lighthouses. Stevenson (A.), 1842. 

Ailsa Craig. Oil-gas work and Fog signal machinery. 

Hunter (G. M.), 1887. 



LIGHTHOUSES — LIGHTNING. 391 

LIGHTHOUSES (Illumination, General References) — continued, 

Copeland Island Lighthouse Illuminatiozi. Adoption of Gas 

instead of Oil. Copeland, 1880-82. 

France. France, p. 436. 

Inchkeith. Report on the new Dioptric light. 

Stevenson (A.), 1835. 
Isle of May. New Dioptric Light. Report, 1836. 

Royal Society of Edinburgh ; Stevenson (A.), 1836, p. 250. 

Skerryvore Lighthouse. Account with notes on the illumination 
of lighthouses. Stevenson (A.), 1848. 

Tay leading lights. Lighthouse Illumination, including those 
of the. Stevenson (T.J, 1868. 

LIGHTHOUSES (Illumination: Electric IiIght). 

Electric Machinery and Arc light. Blondel, 1893. 

Electricity. Apparatus exhibited at Chicago Exhibition, 1893. 

Chicago. 

Electricity, Gas, and Oil as Lighthouse Illuminants. Report of 

the Committee. Trinity House, 1885. 

Relative merits of Electricity, Gas and Oil, 1885. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 484. 
Reports of Electrical Communication Committee on electrical 
communication between Light-vessels and the Shore, 1887-89. 
Report of Royal Commission, 1893. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 
Some objections to the use of electric light. 

Allard (E.), 1882. 
Use of Electric Light. Petit (L.), 1881. 

France, Coasts of. Use of Electric Light. 

Allard (E.), 1881 ; France, p. 437. 

H^ve electric lighthouses. 

France, p. 437 ; Quinette de Rochemont, 1870. 
Isle of May. Description of the Electric light on. 

Stevenson (D. A.), 1887. 

South Foreland. Correspondence and reports on the subject of 

comparative trials of Electric Lights at. Trinity House, 1877. 

LIGHTING OF TOWNS. Darcel, 1878. 

Municipal Lighting. Whipple (F. H.), 1888. 

Science and Practice of Lighting as applied to Streets, open 
spaces and interiors. Webber (W. H. Y.), 1892. 

Homsey. Report of Lighting Committee, 1882. 

Hornsey Local Board. 
London. Houses of Parliament. Houses of Parliament, 1852, '66. 

LIGHTNING. 

Action of Lightning, and means of defending life and property. 

Parnell (A.), 1882. 




392 LIGHTXiyQ— LINEN.. 

lAGBTl^^lNG—emHnued. 

Defence of Ships and Buildings from lightning. 

Harris (W. S.), 1835, 1840. App. 560. 

Destructive action on buildings. Gray (J. W.), and Son, 1873. 
Lightning Calculator. De Botwor, 1890. 

Lightning Protection, treatise. Spang (H. W.), 1883. 

Loss of Life and Property by Lightning. McGregor, 1886. 

Means of protecting buildings and shipping. 

Harris (Sir W. S.), 1843. 

Protection of Ships from the effects of Lightning (Harris's Lightning 

Conductors), 1840. Parliamentary .. Papers, p. 485. 

Shipwreck by Lightning. Harris (Sir W. S.), 1852. 

LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS. Anderson (R.), 1878, 79, '85; 
Gray (J. W.) and Son, 1873 ; Kernot, 1886 ; Klasen (L.), 

1879 ; Wilson (Robert), 1877. 
Electricity of Thunderstorms. Karsten (G.), 1880. 

Harris's Conductors. Shipwreck by Lightning. 

Harris (Sir W. S.), 1852. 

Lightning Rod Conference. Report, 1882. Lightning Rod. 

Pointed Conductors. Principles of Electricity with analysis of 
the superior advantages of high and pointed conductors. 

Mahon (Viscount), 1779. App. 567. 
LIMES. 

Hydraulic Lime. Artificial Hydraulic Lime. Price (W. H.), 1867. 
Lime. John (J. R), 1819. 

Lime-burning at the port of Brest. Petot, 1833. 

Lime-burning Cements ; hydraulic mortars. Lejeune, 1886. 

Limes. Thomason, Civil Engineering Col., 1862-4. 

Limes and Cements. Nature and properties. 

Scott (Capt. H.), 1861-62. 
Manual of Lime. Heath (A. H.), 1893. 

Manufacture. Bonnami, 1888. 

Preparation of Lime by the Romans. La Fa ye, 1777. 

Rudimentary treatise. Burnell, 1850. 

Theory of Lime. Faujas de Saint-Fond (B.), 1778. Add. 500. 

Treatise on Calcareous and Hydraulic Limes. Austin (J. G.), 1862. 

See also Cements. 

LINEN. 

Linen Manufacture, Ireland, Acts of Parliament, 1802. 

Ireland, p. 141. 
Manufacture of Linen threads and tapes, 1744. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 
State of Linen Manufactories, 1751. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 
State of the Linen Trade, 1773. Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 



LINKAGES — LOCAL GOVERNMENT. 393 

LINKAGES. Linkages: different forms and uses of articulated 
links. Roos (J. D. C. de), 1879. 

LINOLEUM. History and manufacture. Fischer (H.), 1888. 

LIQUIDS. 

Compressibility of. Babus, 1892 ; Colladon and Sturm, 1887. 
Dielectric capacity of Liquids. Hopkinson (J.), 1881. 

Electrostatic Capacity of. Hopkinson (J.), 1877, '81. 

Expansion of Liquids by heat, formula for calculating. 

Rankinb (W. J. M.), 1849. 
Subsidence of fine solid particles in. Barus, 1886. 

Volume thermodynamics of. Barus, 1892. 

LITERATURE. 

Adventures of Hatim Tai, a Persian Romance. Hatim Tai. 

Anglo-Saxon literature and learning. Wright (Tho.), M. A., 1839. 
Junius, Letters of. Authorship of. Britton, 1848. 

Language and Literature of Persia. Goldsmid, 1892. 

Lauterdale : a story of two generations. Fogerty, 1873. 

Literature and its professors. Purnell, 1867. 

Literature of the Middle Ages (Villemain). Lovelace, 1850. 

Vidore : a tale. Vysb (G. W.), 1888. 

LITHOGRAPHY. 

Photo-chromo-Uthography. Griffiths, 1882. 

Specimens of a new style. Hullmandel, 1829. 

LOANS. 

Borrowing of Money by the Corporation of Portsmouth. Act. 

Portsmouth, 1883. 

Province of Auckland Government Loan. Auckland, N.Z., 1863. 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT. 

County government in Combination with Union organisation. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1879, p. 235. 
Digest of the Law. Chambers (G. F.), 1875. 

Local Self-Government : Its rights, duties, and Importance. 

Smith (Joshua Toulmin), 1849. 
Local Improvements. Index to Reports, 1809-34. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 
Reports on Provisional Orders (No. 3) Bill, 1884. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 

Barking Parish Act, 1888. Barking. 

Belfast Local Acts, 1845-87. Belfast. 

Birmingham, Act for improving. Birmingham, 1851, 

VOL. I. 3 E 



394 LOCAL GOVERNMENT — LOCKS. 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT— con/«ntt6d. 

Bolton. Ac5t for improving the town. Bolton, 1847. 
Bournemouth, public works. Andrews (G. R.), 1885. 
Buenos Ayres. City Improvements. Bcenos Ayres, 1874. 
• Future capital of the province. Buenos Ayres, 1881, 1882. 

Debates of the Constituent Assembly, 1870-73. 

Buenos Ayres. 

Burnley. Act for improving the town. Burnley, 1846. 

Cheltenham, Act for impi*oving. Cheltenham, 1852. 

Chesterfield Borough Extension and Improvement Bill. 

Chesterfield, 1876. 

Edinburgh, Leith, and Portobello Corporations. Report. 

Bateman (J. F. La T.), 1869. 

Ireland. Alternative Remedies for. 

Chadwick (Sir E.), 1887, p. 234. 
Llanelly Local Board Act, 1888. Llanelly. 

London. Local Government Board Reports, 1871, etc. 

Parliamentary . . Papers, p. 485. 

Metropolitan Board of Works. Minutes of Evidence on 

BiU, 1874. London, p. 262. 

Minutes of Proceedings, 1858-87. Reports, 1858-89. 

London, p. 262. 

Receipts and Expenditure, 1889. London, p. 262. 

Metropolitan Local Management Act abridged. 

Anonymous, 1855, p. 55. 

Loughborough Local Board Bill. Minutes of Evidence, 1886. 

Loughborough. 

Manchester. Imperfect Local self-government and its results in 
Manchester. Chadwick (Sir E.), 1883, p. 235. 

See also Municipalities. 

LOCKS. 

Hydro-Pneumatic lock and locks in general. Congreve, 1814. 

New mode of filling and emptying. Anonymous, 1825, p. 49. 

Brentford proposed lock. Report to Conservators of the Thames. 

CooDE (Sir J.) and Calver, 1873. 
Dunkirk. Dunkirk, 1874. 

Goedereede. Account of the tidal lock. Greve (A.), 1851. 

Gravelines. Vauban lock reconstruction. Gravelines, 1872. 

Wensum. Proposed lock upon the River Wensum, at Norwich. 
Edwards (G.), 1838 ; Walker (James) and Burges, 1838. 

LOCKS (Lock Gates). 

Lock Gates, project for a new construction. 

Singels (J. C), 1839. 
Mitering Lock Gates. Hodges (H. F.), 1892. 



LOCKS AND KEYS — LOCOMOTIVES. 395 

LOCKS AND KEYS. Bbamah, 1816, 1851 ; Chubb, 1860 ; 

Peice (G)., 1856. 
Bramah Lock Controversy. Anonymous, 1851, p. 41. 

Fenby's (J. B.) Patent Locks. Hobbs (A. C), 1868. 

Gunpowder Proof Locks. Price (G.), 1860. 

Gunpowder Proof Lock Chambers. Price (G.), 1860. 

Hobbs's American Lock. Hobbs (A. C), 1860. 

LOCOMOTION. 

Journal of Elemental Locomotion. 

Periodical Publications, 1832, p. 18. 
Rapid transit for New York. Evans (W. W.), 1875. 

LOCOMOTIVES (General References). 

Gumming (T. G.), 1824; Fadda, 1886; Fadda, Olivetti & Silvota, 
1880-90; Flachat (E.) and Petiet, 1839, '40; Le Ch ate- 
lier (L.) and others, 1859, 1868 ; Oppizzi, 1890. Add. 524 ; 
Richard and Bade, 1881 ; Schaltenbrand (C), 1876. 

Agricultural Locomotives. Aveling (T.), 1878. 

Articulated locomotive. Couche, 1863. 

Catechism of the Locomotive. Forney, 1875. 

Construction, etc., of Locomotives. Heusinger von Waldegg, 
1870. Add. 507; Hughes (G.), 1894. Add. 509; Jullien 
(C. E.), 1862; Meyer (J. G. A.), 1892. Petzholdt 
(Alphons), 1875 ; Redtenbacher, 1855 ; Stephenson, R. 

& Co. 1887; Weber (H.), 1871. 

Disadvantageous Action of Locomotive Engines upon Curved 
Roadway. Hoadley, 1860. 

Design (new) for Locomotive Engines. Crampton, 1886. 

Development (Locomotive). Stretton (C. E.), 1889, 1892. 

Electric. Raffard elastic coupling. Raffard, 1892. 

Electro-automotor whistle. Lartigue k Forest, 1873. 

Electro-Dynamic Locomotive. Schaltenbrand (C), 1879. 

Engine Driving (Locomotive). Reynolds (M.), 1878, p. 106. 

Engine-Driving Life. Reynolds (M.), 1882, p. 106. 

Engineman's Pocket Companion. Reynolds (M.), 1886. 

Examination of Engine Drivers. Brosius and Koch, 1879. 

Express Locomotive with fore-carriage. Erlach, 1855. 

Guide to the Locomotive Engine. Anonymous, 1849, p. 56. 

Hammer-blow in. Booth (W. H.), 1887. 

Handbook of the Locomotive. Roper (S.), 1883. 

High-speed locomotive of 750 H.P. B^othy, 1889. 

High Speeds. A letter. Stephenson (G. R.), 1861. 

Indicator trials. Bauschinger, 1868. 

Inventor. Hedley (O. D.), 1858. 

Invention of " Improvements in locomotive engines." 

McConnell, 1852. 



396 LOCOMOTIVES. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Gbneeal References) — continued. 

Letters Patent for Improvements in Trucks for Locomotive 
Engines. Bissell, 1858. 

Locomotive Engine running and management. Sinclair (A.), 1885. 
Locomotive Engineering. Colburn, 1871. 

Locomotive Engines. What they are, and what they ought 
to be. Fairlie, 1864. 

Locomotive without fire-box. Francq, 1876, '80. 

Locomotives with outside cylinders. Pimentel, 1874, '76. 

Longridge's Patent Locomotive. Longridge, 1885. 

Management of a Locomotive Engine. Gregory (Sir C. H.), 

1841 ; Sewell (J.), 1848. 
Manufacture of. Anonymous, 1831, p. 51. 

Model Locomotive Engineer, Fireman and Engine Boy. 

Reynolds (M.), 1879. 
Meyer's system. Meyer, 1871. 

New Patented System for Locomotives with wheels with two tires. 

COTTRAU, 1882. 

Performances of the different locomotive engines at, and subsequent 

to, the Liverpool Contests. Wood (N.), 1831, '38. 

Power of Locomotive Engines. BarLow (P.), 1837, 1851. 

Power at different velocities. Barlow (P.), 1839. 

Relative powers of the Locomotive Engine and the resistance 

of railway gradients. Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1851, p. 401. 

Propelling Locomotive Machines, new method of. Mann (W.), 1 830. 

Railways, advantages of, with Locomotive Engines, 1833. London 

and Greenwich Railway ; Pambour, 1835, '36, '40. 

Performance of Locomotive Engines on Railways. 

Rankine (D.), 1828. 

Railways and Locomotives. Barry (J. W.) and Bramwell, 1882 ; 

Heejert, 1837. 

Recent Locomotives. Neale, 1883, 1886. 

Recent practice. Clark (D. K.) and Colburn 1860. 

Report. Sylvester (C), 1825. 

Report on express locomotive with movable forepart (bogie). 

Erlach, 1855. 

Resistance, fuel consumption and power exerted. 

Frank (A.), 1886. 
Resistance of passenger trains. Regray, 1881. 

Specifications for liocomotive Engines, 1882. 

London, Chatham and Dover Railway. 

Stationary Engines, Observations on the comparative meiits of 
locomotive and. Stephenson (R.) and Locke, 1830. 

Liverpool and Manchester RaOway. Rastrigk, 1829 ; 

Walker (James), 1829, p. 394. 



LOCOMOTIVES. 397 

LOCOMOTIVES (Gbneral Kefebences) — continued. 

Steam-jet or blast, invention of. Smiles's mistaken claim for 

George Stephenson. Gubney, 1859. 

Steam power, application to railways. Gltnn, 1833. 

Production and employment of steam considered as a motive 

force. Lencauchez and Durant. 

Use of counter-pressure steam as a brake. 

Le Chatelier (L.), 1869, 70. 

Traction by means of steam locomotives without fire. 

Lamm and Francq, 1888. 

Treatise, rudimentary. Bempset, 1866, 1879. 

Use of Locomotive Engines. Navieb, 1836. 

Vaporisation of, in relation to draught. Gerhabdt, 1878. 

Water for Locomotive Engines and its chemical analysis. 

West (W.), 1846. 

Weights. Paying and non-paying weights pulled by the Loco- 
motive Engine in 1867. Haughton (B.). 

American Locomotive. Peale (L. T.), 1887. 

American v. English Locomotives. Evans (W.W.), 1880 ; 

Evans Ac, 1880. 

ModemAmerican Locomotive Engines. Edwabds(E.), 1883. 

Locomotive and Locomotive Building. Forney, 1886. 

American Locomotive Engineering. Weissenborn(G.), 1879. 

Australian (South) BaUway Engines, their weight. 

South Australia, 1877, p. 229. 
British (English). Demoulin, 1885. 

Acts, 1861-1872. Glen (A.). 

British Locomotives. Cooke (C. J. B.), 1823. 

and Foreign Railway Locomotive Engine. 

British and Foreign, 1847. 

Rainhill locomotive trials. Commemoration of the Jubilee. 

Weber (M. M. von), 1879. 

Great Western Railway, Report to directors of, relating to 

Locomotive department. 

Hawkshaw (Sir J.), 1838. Add. 506. 

London and North Western Railway. General Locomotive 

Committee Reports. Woods (E.) and Marshall, 1853-4. 

" Marchioness of Staflford." Engraving. 

Webb (F. W.), 1888. 

London and South Western Railway Coal and Coke burning 

Engines. Fothebgill, 1856. 

Newcastle and Carlisle Railway. Experiments of two loco- 

motives, the "Sun" and " Star." 

Hawthorn (R. and W.), 1840. 



398 LOCOMOTIVES. 

LOCOMOTIVES (General References) — continued, 

British. Newcastle-upon-Tyne and North Shields Railway. 
Experiments of " Collingwood '' and '* Ezmouth " as to con- 
sumption of coke and water. Nicholson (R.) and Hawthorn. 

Burmah. Contracts for Ironwork for Locomotive Engines and 
Tenders. India, p. 114. 

France. Three types of Locomotives. Chemin de fer du Nord. 
(London Exhibition, 1862.) Petiet (J.), 1862. 

New South Wales. Trials of a ten- wheeled Baldwin Engine, 1892. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 

Alleged defectiveness and imsuitability of the Baldwin 

locomotives, 1892. New South Wales, p. 404. 

' Fifty Colonial-made Railway Locomotives, 1889. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 

Tests with the new American engines. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 
New Zealand. Coal as a fuel for Locomotives, 1876, 77. 

New Zealand, p. 408. 

Relative merits of American and English Locomotives, 

1879-80. New Zealand, p. 412. 

Reading Railroad, Locomotive Engines on the. Report on the 
use of anthracite coal in. Whistler (G. W.), 1849. 

Victoria. Return relative to Railway Locomotives, 1871. 

Victoria, p. 378. 
Vienna Exhibition of 1873. Deghilage and Morandiere. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Adhesion of). 

Adhesion to rails for curves of a small radius. 

Mallet (A.), 1894. Add. 518. 
Locomotive Adhesion. Anonymous, 1865, p. 48. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Compound). 

Compound Locomotives. Anonymous, 1885, p. 42 ; Baudry, 1889 ; 

BoRRiES, 1886 ; Lapage, 1889 ; Mallet (A.), 1880, 1890 ; 

PoLONCEAU (E.), 1889 j WoRSDELL (T. W.) and von Berries, 

1887. 
Compound Locomotive of the Rhode Island Locomotive Works. 

Report. Franklin Institute. 

Four cylinders (Northern Railway of France). 

Bousquet (T. B. G. du), 1892. 
Simple V. compound. Smith (W. M.), 1892. 

Mallet's system. Fetter, 1891. 

South West Russian Railways. System compound*tandem. 

Borodine, 1892. 



LOCOMOTIVRS. 399 

LOCOMOTIVES (Coal Consumption). 

Consumption of Fuel. Frank, 1886 ; MariiS, 1884. 

and Evaporation of water in Locomotives. 

Frank, 1886 ; Woods (E.), 1850. 
Liverpool and Manchester Railway Locomotive Engines, Consump- 
tion of fuel. Woods (E.), 1844. 

Patent apparatus for consumption of coal without smoke. 

Hall (S.), 1842. 
Use of coal in Locomotive Engines. 

Woods (E.) and Marshall, 1854. 
LOCOMOTIVES (Road). 

Epitome of the Road Locomotive Acts. Aveling T. (1878). 

Reports of Select Committees on Locomotives on Roads, 1871, '73. 

Parliamentary. .Papers, p. 485. 
Tramway Locomotive. Wilkinson & Co., 1884. 

See aho Steam Traction on Roads ; Tramways (Mechanical 
Power). 

LOCOMOTIVES (Axles). 

Crank Axles. Evans (W. W.), 1884. 

Locomotive Driving Axles, Breaking of. Stretton (C. E.), 1885. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Valves). Valve Gears, with special consideration 
of the Link-motions of Locomotive Engines. 

Zeuner (G.), 1869, '83. 
Link Motion. History of the Invention. Burgh (N. P.), 1870. 

Link motion and Expansion Gear. Burgh (N. P.), 1870. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Wheels). Biglia, 1893. Add. 485. Repair. 

BiGLiA, 1889-93. Add. 485. 
Adherence of Wheels. Bonnin, 1888. 

LOCOMOTIVES (for Steep Inclines). 

Fairlie's Engines, Construction and Working. Berkley (Sir G.), 

1870. Experiments. Fairlie, 1870. 

Refutation of attacks. Fairlie, 1876-78. 

' Opinions of the press. Fairlie, 1868. 

Locomotives for ascending steep inclines with sharp curves. 

Hall (J. G.) (1864). 
St. Gothard mountain line. Massa, 1880. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Boilers). 

Locomotive Boiler. Richard (G.), 1886. 

Coal burning, Europe. Colburn and Holley, 1858. 

New type of boiler. Fadda (S.), 1890. 

Steam-generating power of Locomotive Boilers. 

Williams (C. W.), 1864. 

Strength, and causes which lead to explosion. 

Fairbairn (Sir W.), 1854, p. 401. 



400 LOGIC — LONGITUDE. 

LOGIC. 

De arte logistica. Napier (John), 1839. 

Induction and Deduction. Liebig, 1865. 

LOGARITHMS. 

Doctrine of Logarithms. Martin (B.), 1740. App. 567. 

Hyperbolic Logarithms, from 1 to 10,000. 

Barlow (P.), 1814, 1840. 
Logarithmic calculating machine. Tetmajer, 1875. 

Logarithms. Maseres, 1760. 

Logarithms of numbers from 1 to 10,000. 

Anonymous, 1850, p. 48. 

From 1 to 108,000. Babbage (C), 1872. 

Short Logarithmic and other tables. 

Unwin (W. C), 1876, '90, p. 360. 
Tables. Callet, 1846. 

Theory of the various Orders of Logarithmic Transcendents. 

Spence (WiUiam), 1809. 
Treatise. Law and Young, 1879. 

LODGING HOUSES (London). Report on Common and model 
Lodging Houses, 1855. Rules and Regulations, 1852. 

London, pp. 262, 269. 
LONGITUDE. 

Borda and Pingr6's voyage in different parts of the world to 
verify the use of various methods and instruments serving to 
determine the Latitude and Longitude. 

Verdun de La Crenne, 1778. App. 579. 

Chronometer, Use of the, with suggestions for applying it to 
correct the Latitude as well as the Longitude. 

Owen (E. W. C. R.), 1812. App. 570. 
Discovery of the Longitude. Anonymous, 1763, p. 40. 

Account of the proceeding in order to the discovery. 

Anonymous, 1763. App. 544. 

Longitude discovered by Eclipses, etc., and Conjunctions of 

Jupiter^s Planets. Whiston (W.), 1738. 

Graphor, Longitude discovered by a. 

Degravors (P.), and Ould, 1794. App. 553. 

Fluid Quadrant, Description of, for Latitude and discovery 

of Longitude by everlasting Horometer. 

RowE (Capt. Jacob), 1725. App. 574. 

Letter on Longitude. Arnold (John), 1781. App. 545. 

Letter. Answer to a letter on Longitude. Arnold (1782) ; 

Arnold, 1782. App. 545. 

Maskelyne's Pamphlet. Remarks on, and Extract from Harrison's 
reply to remarks and objections. 

Harrison (John), 1767, '68. App. 561. 



LONGITUDE. 401 

LONGITUDE— con««nMccZ. 

Moon. Attempts to discover Longitude by. 

Habbison (John), 1775. App. 560. 

Method of determining Longitude by means of observations 

on the moon's greatest altitude. Spottiswoode (W.), 1 860, 

Method of finHmg the Longitude by the apparent true place 

of the moon at Sea, etc. Anonymous, 1834. App. 544. 

Methods of Lunar observations for finding Latitude and 

Longitude. 

Habbison (Thomas and James), 1788. App. 561. 

Needle, Longitude and Latitude found by the Inclinatory or 
Dipping. Whiston (W.), 1721. App. 580. 

Sea. Researches made in France since 1730 to determine the 
Longitude at Sea by the artificial measure of time. 

Lb Roy (J.), 1773. App. 566. 

Attempts to find the longitude at sea. Lb Roy (P.), 1768. 

Errors in Longitude as determined by Chronometers at sea 

from the action of the Iron of the Ships. 

FiSHEB (G.), 1820. App. 557. 

Method of determining Longitude at sea with the help of 

marine clocks and watches, etc. 

Bebthoud (R), 1775, 1787, 1792. App. 548. 

Harrison and Le Roy's attempts to find the Longitude at 

Sea. Le Roy (J.), 1768. App. 565. 

Instruments for the determination of Longitude at sea. 

Voyage of the Marquis of Courtanvaux to verify. 

CouBTANVAUX (F. C. le T. de), 1768. App. 552. 

Instruments (New-invented) for facilitating the Knowledge 

of the Longitude at Sea. Leguin (S.), 1790. App. 565. 

Problem to discover the Longitude at Sea by the same 

observations as in the case of Latitude. 

Locke (R.), 1751. App. 566. 

New machines proposed in France. Bebthoud, 1773. 

Invention, theory, construction and trials of new machines. 

Bebthoud (F.), 1773. App. 547. 

' Means for finding Longitude at Sea. 

Gbant (C), 1808. App. 559. 

Methods, etc., for finding Latitude and Longitude at Sea. 

Bbowne (Robert), 1714. App. 550. 

New method for discovering the Longitude by sea and land. 

Whiston (W.), 1714. App. 580 ; Whiston (W.), and 

Ditton, 1714. App. 580. 

Petition to the Commissioners for providing a public reward 

for persons that find it. Bbowne (Robert), 1730. 

App. 550. 

Narrative of proceedings relative to. 

Habbison (John), 1765. App. 561. 

VOL. I. 3 p 



398 LOCOMOTIVES. 

LOCOMOTIVES (General References) — continued. 

British. Newcastle-upon-Tyne and North Shields Railway. 
Experiments of " CoUingwood " and " Exmouth " as to con- 
sumption of coke and water. Nicholson (R.) and Hawthorn. 

Burmah. Contracts for Ironwork for Locomotive Engines and 
Tenders. India, p. 114. 

France. Three types of Locomotives. Chemin de fer du Nord. 
(London Exhibition, 1862.) Petiet (J.), 1862. 

New South Wales. Trials of a ten-wheeled Baldwin Engine, 1892. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 

Alleged defectiveness and unsuitability of the Baldwin 

locomotives, 1892. New South Wales, p. 404. 

' Fifty Colonial-made Railway Locomotives, 1889. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 
' Tests with the new American engines. 

New South Wales, p. 404. 
New Zealand. Coal as a fuel for Locomotives, 1876, 77. 

New Zealand, p. 408. 

Relative merits of American and English Locomotives, 

1879-80. New Zealand, p. 412. 

Reading Railroad, Locomotive Engines on the. Report on the 
use of anthracite coal in. Whistler (G. W.), 1849. 

Victoria. Return relative to Railway Locomotives, 1871. 

Victorla, p. 378. 
Vienna Exhibition of 1873. Deghilage and Morandiere. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Adhesion of). 

Adhesion to rails for curves of a small radius. 

Mallet (A.), 1894. Add. 518. 
Locomotive Adhesion. Anonymous, 1865, p. 48. 

LOCOMOTIVES (Compound). 

Compound Locomotives. Anonymous, 1885, p. 42 ; Baudry, 1889 ; 

BoRRiES, 1886 ; Lapage, 1889 ; Mallet (A.), 1880, 1890 ; 

Polonceau (E.), 1889 ; Worsdell (T. W.) and von Borries, 

1887. 
Compound Locomotive of the Rhode Island Locomotive Works. 

Report. Franklin Institute. 

Four cylinders (Northern Railway of France). 

BousQUET (T. B. G. du), 1892. 
Simple V, compound. Smith (W. M.), 1892. 

Mallet's system. Fetter, 1891. 

South West Russian Railways. System compound-tandem. 

Borodine, 1892, 



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